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HSPA+ Advanced

HSPA+ enhancements beyond R10


February 2012

Qualcomm is a Leader in 3G and 4G


2013

2012
Rel-8

Rel-9

Rel-8

Rel-11 & Beyond

HSPA+

HSPA+
Advanced

(Future)

(Commercial)

CDMA2000
1X

1X Advanced

Multicarrier

EV-DO

Rel-10

Rel-9

HSPA+

HSPA

Rel-11 & Beyond

LTE
Advanced

(FDD and TDD


Commercial)

Rel-7

Rev A

Rel-10

LTE

LTE Leverages wider


and unpaired spectrum

2015+

2014

H/W Upgrade

EV-DO Rev. B
(Commercial)

Phase - I

DO
Advanced

Phase - II

DO Advanced
(Future)

Commercial
2

Note: Estimated commercial dates.

Created 01/23/2012

LTE Complements HSPA+


LTE leverages wider spectrum to boost data capacity
LTE
HSPA+

Multimode

Industrys first LTE


multimode solutions

WCDMA/HSPA+ provides ubiquitous voice and data

Global roaming in global bands (900/2100 + 850/1900)

LTE deployed across a fragmented set of bands and scenarios.

Seamless service continuity with multimode devices

LTE (FDD or TDD)


HSPA+ Coverage

HSPA+ ensures similar user experience outside the LTE coverage

Qualcomm is Committed to Continued


HSPA+ Evolution

INDUSTRY-FIRST
DEMOS

STANDARDS
LEADERSHIP

Major 3GPP contributor


Recognized expertise

MWC 2007: Voice over HSPA


MWC 2008: Dual-Carrier
MWC 2009: Dual-Carrier 42 Mbps
MWC 2010: Uplink Beamforming
MWC 2011: MultiFlow and
Supplemental Downlink
MWC 2012: HetNet Range Expansion

Actual screenshot from HetNet Demo, first shown at MWC 2012

INDUSTRY-FIRST
CHIPSETS
MDM
8200
HSPA+
Launched
Feb 2009

MDM
8220
DC-HSPA+
Launched
Aug 2010

HSPA+ AdvancedTaking HSPA+ to The


Next Level
HSPA+
Advanced
Rel 11 & Beyond

HSPA+
Rel 7-10

HSPA
Rel 5-6

Maximizing HSPA+
Performance

HSPA+ is The New Baseline

100% of WCDMA operators


have upgraded to HSPA

HSPA+ is The New Baseline


HSPA+ IS THE NEW BASELINE

LAUNCHES

NETWORK COMMITMENTS

OPERATORS QUICKLY MOVING TO DUAL-CARRIER

LAUNCHES

FIRST LAUNCH

HSPA+ DEVICES ACROSS ALL SEGMENTS

HSPA+ DEVICES

DC-HSPA+ DEVICES

Source: www.gsacom.com, Jan 24 2012 for devices, network launches as of Feb 6 2012

The Fastest Growing TechnologyEver!


HSPA/
HSPA+

CELLULAR CONNECTIONS

400,000,000
350,000,000
300,000,000
250,000,000
200,000,000

LTE

150,000,000
100,000,000

WCDMA

50,000,000

GSM

0
0

YEARS AFTER INITIAL LAUNCH1


1GSM

launch was mid 1991, WCDMA Q3 2001, HSDPA Q3 2005 and LTE Q4 2009. Shows the subscribers as of 4Q the same year as the launch, and year 1 to 5 after the
initial launch. For example, year 1 shows the number of subscribers by Q4 the year after the launch. LTE forecast 2012 to 2015 per Wireless Intelligence as of Sept 2011

HSPA+ is The Mobile Broadband Leader

Subscriptions (Millions)
2,500

HSPA family
in 2015

2,000
HSPA Family
1,500

EV-DO Family

HSPA family
in 2012
1,000

TD-SCDMA
LTE

500

WiMax
0
2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

Note:* 3G MBB includes EV-DO family, HSPA family and TD-SCDMA,


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Source: HSPA, EV-DO ,TD-SCDMA and LTE subs Wireless Intelligence (Oct 11) and WiMax - ABI (Aug 11)

The HSPA+ Evolution Getting Even Stronger


Downlink Speed

336+ Mbps

Uplink Speed

20 MHz
MULTICARRIER

168 Mbps
EXPANDED
DUAL-CARRIER
HSPA+, THE
NEW BASELINE

21 - 28 Mbps

10 MHz DUALCARRIER

84 Mbps

69+ Mbps

42 Mbps

11 Mbps

11 Mbps

HSPA+ R7

HSPA+ R8

23 Mbps

23 Mbps

HSPA+ R9

HSPA+ R10

HSPA+ ADVANCED
R11 AND BEYOND

Notes: R8 reaches 42 Mbps by combining 2x2 MIMO and 64QAM), or by utilizing 64QAM and multicarrier in 10 MHz. R9 combines multicarrier and MIMO in 10 MHz to reach 84 Mbps. Uplink multicarrier doubles the
uplink to 23 Mbps in R9. R10 expands multicarrier to 20 MHz to reach 168 Mbps. R11 expands multicarrier to 40 MHz to reach 336 Mbps. 69 Mbps in the uplink is reached by combining uplink 2x2 MIMO and 64 QAM

Maximizing HSPA+ Performance

Leverage All Spectrum AssetsMulticarrier Evolution


Utilize Unused CapacityMultiFlow
Optimize Small Cells/HetNets
Leverage Multiple Antennas
Enable Billions of Connected Devices
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HSPA+ Advanced is used as the name for features beyond 3GPP Release10.

Multicarrier to Leverage All Spectrum Assets


HIGH BAND

Aggregated Data Pipe

2.1 GHz Band I


1900 MHz Band II

13 (5MHz Carriers)
LOW/SECOND BAND
850/900/1800 MHz
Band V/VIII/III

Multicarrier
HSPA+ Device

850/2100 MHz Band V/IV

12 (5MHz Carriers)
Aggregate Across
two Bands from R9

4x/8x Downlink
From R10/R11

Non-Contigous2
From R11

(Up to 4X currently defined)1

Higher Data Rates to All Users


More Bursty Capacity3
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1Additional

spectrum bands and band combinations continuously defined in 3GPP. 2Non-contiguous aggregation within a band are planned for R11. The core support is already part of
R10 (signaling ,device capability), but additional non-contiguous band combinations need to be defined for R11.3For typical bursty applications and typical partial carrier load.

Aggregate Unpaired Spectrum for More


Downlink CapacitySupplemental Downlink
Unpaired

Paired

Paired

(Downlink)

(Downlink)

(Uplink)

F1

F1

L-Band (1.4GHz)
Key Opportunity2

F2

F2

F1

F2

Harmonization
ongoing in Europe
and beyond, up to
40 MHz unpaired
spectrum available3
Other opportunities,
such as 700MHz in
the US, depend upon
country-specific
spectrum situations

Dow
n

link

nk

Upli

LEVERAGES HSPA+ R9 MULTICARRIER ACROSS BANDS1,


EXPANDED SUPPORT IN R10 AND BEYOND
1HSPA+

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aggregation across bands already supported in 3GPP R9 with 2 bands, but each additional band combination has to be defined in 3GPP. 2The expansion of dual-carrier in
R10 (4x) and R11 (8x) beyond allow additional unpaired spectrum aggregation . 3L-Band in Europe:1452 MHZ to 1492 MHz.

L-Band Ideal for Supplemental Downlink


BAND WIDELY AVAILABLE ALLOWING ECONOMIES OF SCALE

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L Band: 1452-1492 MHz

MultiFlow Utilizes Unused Capacity


Typically uneven load that
changes with time and location
MultiFlow1 balances load
and improves cell edge
F1: 5MHz

F1: 5MHz
Heavy Load
Medium Load
Light Load

Todays devices can only be


served by one downlink cell
that could be heavily
loaded.

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1Different

Data From Multiple Cells in the downlink- an evolution of multicarrier. Receive diversity with interference suppression (Type 3i receiver) required.

MultiFlow Benefits All Deployments


EXTENDS DUAL-CARRIER
BENEFITS TO 5 MHz
DEPLOYMENTS

MULTIPLE CARRIER
DEPLOYMENTS1

F1: 5MHz

F1: 5MHz
F2: 5MHz

F1: 5MHz

F1: 5MHz
F2: 5MHz

Dual-Carrier
Device

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1Benefits

2x to 4x
Multicarrier
Device

also HetNets (mix of macro networks with added small cells like picocells) due to more overlapping coverage with small cells and ability to select best link.

The Next Leap In PerformanceSmall Cells


Adding small cells like
Picocells, Femtocells, and
Remote Radioheads

Optimizations Makes the Leap


Even BiggerSmart HetNets

Bring Network Closer to


UsersSmall Cells

More Spectrum

Better Techniques

New bands, Re-farming


Aggregate unpaired spectrum

Such as higher order MIMO

How do we
get more
capacity?
Radio Link approaching theoretical limit

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Range
Expansion
Reduce second carrier
Macro Power
Pico

Dual-Carrier
Device

Macro

Its not just about adding small cells!


Optimizations Further Improve HetNets
HetNet Range Expansion Can Be Done Today:
Today: Dual-Carrier and Reduced Macro Power
Even Better with MultiFlowBalances Uneven Load
Advanced Device Receivers Provide Additional Gain

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Note: Self-Organizing Networks (SON) techniques can also improve Heterogeneous networks (HetNets) and are standardized already in R10, such as Minimization of Drive
Tests (MDT) and Automatic Neighbor Relation (ANR)

HSPA+ HetNet Range ExpansionToday!


CARRIER 2

Range
Expansion

Reduce second carrier


Macro Power (F2)

Pico
Dual-Carrier
Devices

Macro

CARRIER 1

PICO BETTER
UTILIZED
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MACRO
OFFLOADED

ALL USERS
IMPROVED

Enabling features: reduced power on second macro carrier , dual carrier devices (or dual frequency Multiflow), and mitigating uplink and downlink imbalance (3dB Cellindividual offset (CIO) and pico noise-figure pad)

Even Better With MultiFlowHSPA+ Advanced


BY SELECTING THE BEST LINKS FROM MULTIPLE BASE STATIONS
CARRIER 2

Range
Expansion

Reduce second carrier


Macro Power (F2)

Pico
Dual-Frequency
Multiflow Devices

Macro

CARRIER 1

PICO BETTER
UTILIZED
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MACRO
OFFLOADED

ALL USERS
IMPROVED

Enabling features: reduced power on second macro carrier , dual carrier devices (or dual frequency Multiflow), and mitigating uplink and downlink imbalance (3dB Cellindividual offset (CIO) and pico noise-figure pad)

Static version (for print)

Even Higher User Data Rates and Capacity


EXAMPLE WITH DUAL-CARRIER HETNET RANGE EXPANSION

3.1X

Range
Expansion

Reduce second carrier


Macro Power

1.6 X

CARRIER 2

1X
Pico
Macro,

4 Picos
Dual-Carrier added

Data Rate Improvement


Median downlink data rate

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Macro

Range
Expansion

CARRIER 1

Dual-Carrier
Device

4 Picos added per macro and 50 % of users dropped in clusters closer to picos (within 40m), Model PA3 full buffer ISD 500m. Enabling range expansion features: reduced
power on second macro carrier , dual carrier devices and mitigating uplink and downlink imbalance (3dB Cell-individual offset (CIO) and pico noise-figure pad)

Leverage Multiple Antennas


336 Mbps
R11: More Antennas
(Downlink 4x4 MIMO in 20MHz)

Or More 5MHz Carriers


(40MHz)

168 Mbps
R10:20 MHz
Multicarrier

84 Mbps

2 Transmit
Antennas

R9: 2x2 MIMO


and Dual-Carrier

42 Mbps
28 Mbps
Downlink Speed
Uplink Speed

R7: 2x2 MIMO

R8: 2x2 MIMO


and 64 QAM

23 Mbps
R9/R10: Uplink
Dual-Carrier (10MHz)

MIMO Evolution
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HSPA+
Advanced
R11: Uplink 2x2 MIMO
Uplink Beamforming

69 Mbps
R11: UL 2x2 MIMO
+ 64 QAM

Leverage Multiple Antennas:


Uplink Beamforming

2 Transmit
Antennas

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1 Source:

Qualcomm simulation for closed loop beamforming.3GPP framework PA3, 4UEs per cell, 2.8km ISD. Shows data throughput gain for the median and the 5%
worst (Cell edge) users. Gain depends on propagation environment and the UE speed with lover gain for faster moving users.

Connecting Billions of Devices


Continued optimizations for the explosion of interconnected low-traffic devices

The Internet Of Everything


THE NEXT ERA OF NETWORKING AND COMPUTING,
WHERE EVERYTHING IS INTELLIGENTLY CONNECTED

The Smartphone Explosion


~4B CUMULATIVE SMARTPHONE SALES
ESTIMATED FROM 20112015
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Source: Smartphone Sales: Gartner Inc. Forecast: Mobile Devices forecast update, 2Q11, Update, Carolina Milanesi et al June 2011

> 10x Higher Capacity for Small Data Bursts


HSPA+ SET THE FOUNDATION
BY ENHANCING CELL-FACH1

HSPA+ ADVANCED MAKES IT


MORE EFFICIENTFE-FACH3

R7/R8

R11

Significantly reduced
signaling load
(for small bursts, background)

(increase in small data burst downlink


capacity in FACH compared to R7/R8)

Extended battery life


for all applications
(for all non full-buffer)2

ACCOMMODATING THE SMARTPHONE AND M2M GROWTH


allows small amounts of data to be efficiently transported in CELL-FACH state : up to 90% reduction in network signaling load due for social media example. 2Cell-DCH w/
R7 CPC allows non full buffer apps to use connected mode, DCH, more efficiently (DTX/DRX). 3A main enhancements is downlink triggered feedback (CQI) and acknowledgements
on the FACH reverse link, which makes FACH efficient like a regular HSPA link., see simulation assumptions in R1-112679
1R7/R8

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Maximizing HSPA+ Performance

More Capacity

Higher spectral efficiency and better utilization of existing capacity

Denser CapacitySmall Cells


Optimizations to bring even more out of small cells

Improved Coverage
Such as enhancing the uplink

Enhanced User Experience


Lower latency, consistently higher data rates, better cell edge

Connecting Billions of Devices


Optimizations for the explosion of interconnected low-traffic devices
(e.g. M2M, Smartphones)

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HSPA+ Advanced is used as the name for features beyond 3GPP Release10.

Questions? Connect with Us


www.qualcomm.com/technology
@Qualcomm_Tech
http://www.slideshare.net/
qualcommwirelessevolution
http://www.qualcomm.com/
blog/contributors/prakashsangam
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Thank You

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