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HOLY CROSS COLLEGE (Autonomous), TIRUCHIRAPPALLI - 620 002

II B.Sc. MATHEMATICS, SEM III, NOVEMBER 2014


MAJOR CORE 4: SEQUENCES AND SERIES
Subject Code : U12MA3MCT04
Unit : II
Sub Unit : 2.1

Level: K
Type: MCQ

1. If the partial sum Sn of the series un tends to a finite limit s, then the series is said to
a) diverge b) converge
c) oscillate finitely d) oscillate infinitely
Key:(b) converge
2. If the partial sum Sn of the series un tends to or to -, the series is said to
a) converge
b) diverge
c) oscillate finitely
d) oscillate infinitely
Key:(b) diverge
3. If the partial sum Sn of the series un tends to more than one limit, the series is said to
a) converge
b) diverge
c) either converge or diverge
d) oscillate
Key:(d) oscillate
4. If u1 + u2 + ...+ un + ... is convergent, then um+1 + um+2 + ... + um+n + ... is
a) convergent
b) either convergent or divergent
c) divergent
d) oscillatory
Key:(a) convergent
5. If u1 + u2 + ...+ un + ... is divergent, then um+1 + um+2 + ... + um+n + ... is
a) convergent
b) either convergent or divergent
c) divergent
d) oscillatory
Key:(c) divergent
6. If u1 + u2 + ... is convergent then ku1 + ku2 + ... is
a) convergent
b) oscillatory
c) divergent
d) either convergent or divergent
Key:(a) convergent
7. If u1 + u2 + ... and v1 + v2 + ... are both convergent then the series (un+vn) is
a) oscillatory
b) convergent
c) divergent d) either convergent or divergent.
Key:(b) convergent

8. A series of positive terms is


a) convergent
c) divergent

b) either convergent or divergent


d) either convergent or oscillatory
Key:(b) either convergent or divergent
Lim un

9. If u1+u2+... is convergent then


a) 0
b) 1

is equal to
c) -1

d) 2
Key:(a) 0

10. If the limit of the nth term is not zero, then the series
a) converges
b) oscillates infinitely
c) does not converge
d) oscillates finitely
Key:(c) does not converge

Unit : II
Sub Unit : 2.1

Level: U
Type: MCQ

ur

r 1

1. The series
where ur = r is
a) oscillating finitely
c) oscillating infinitely

b) convergent
d) divergent
Key:(d) divergent

1 1
1
2 3 ...
2 2
2

2. The series
a) oscillating finitely
c) oscillating infinitely

is
b) convergent
d) divergent
Key:(b) convergent

(-1)r 1

r 1

3. The series
is
a) oscillating finitely
c) oscillating infinitely

b) convergent
d) divergent
Key:(a) oscillating finitely

(-1)r 1

r 1

4. The series
r is
a) oscillating finitely
c) oscillating infinitely

b) convergent
d) divergent
Key:(c) oscillating infinitely

xn

5. The geometric series


a) x = 1

n 0

converges if
b) |x| < 1

c) |x| >1

d) |x| 1
Key:(b) |x| < 1

c) x 1

d) x 0
Key:(c) x 1

xn

6. The geometric series

n 0

a) x < 1

diverges if

b) x = -1

xn

7. The geometric series


a) x < 1

n 0

oscillates finitely if
b) x > 1

c) x = -1

d) x = 1
Key:(c) x = -1

xn

8. The geometric series


a) x 1

Unit : II
Sub Unit : 2.1

n 0

oscillates infinitely if
b) x = -1
c) x > -1

d) x < -1
Key:(d) x < -1

Level: U
Type: M & C

1. Match the nature of the geometric series 1 + x + x2 + ... with their corresponding
conditions and choose the correct answer.
1. converges
A. x = -1
2. diverges
B. x < -1
3. oscillates finitely
C. |x| >1
4. oscillates infinitely
D. x 1

E. |x| < 1
a) 1E, 2D, 3A, 4B

b) 1E, 2C, 3A, 4B

c) 1C, 2D, 3B, 4A


d) 1E, 2C, 3B, 4A
Key:(a) 1E, 2D, 3A, 4B

Unit : II
Sub Unit : 2.1
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Level: K
Type: VSA

Define an infinite series.


Define convergent series.
Define divergent series.
Define oscillatory series
Given an example of a convergent series.
Give an example of a divergent series.

Lim un 0

. Justify that the series un need not be convergent when


7
Unit : II
Sub Unit : 2.1
1

1 1
...
2 22

1. What is the nature of the series


2. What is the nature of the series 1+2+3+...?

Level: U
Type: VSA

(1)r 1

3. What is the nature of the series

r 1

(1)r 1

4. What is the nature of the series

r 1

r?

xn

5. What is the nature of the series

n 0

if |x| < 1?

xn

6. What is the nature of the series

n 0

when x

1?

xn

7. What is the nature of the series


Unit : II
Sub Unit : 2.1

n 0

if x = -1 ?
Level: K
Type: PA

Lim un 0

1. If u1+u2 +... is convergent then prove that


. Is the converse true?.
Justify your answer.
2. Discuss the nature of the geometric series 1+x+x2+... for all possible values of x.
Unit : II
Sub Unit : 2.2

Level: K
Type: MCQ
un
vn

1. If vn is convergent and if
k, then un is
a) convergent b) oscillating finitely
c) divergent d) oscillating infinitely
Key:(a) convergent
un
k
vn

2. If un and vn are two series such that


and vn is divergent then un
a) converges
b) oscillates finitely c) diverges d) oscillates infinitely
Key:(c) diverges
un
n v n
Lim

3. If vn is convergent and
0 and finite then un
a) oscillates finitely
b) convergent
c) oscillates infinitely d) divergent
Key:(b) convergent
un
n v n
Lim

4. If vn is divergent and
0 and finite then un is
a) oscillating finitely b) converges
c) oscillating infinitely d) diverges
Key:(d) diverges
1

5. The series
a) k < 1

nk

is convergent when
b) k = 1

c) k = -1

d) k > 1
Key:(d) k > 1

is divergent when
b) k > 1

c) k 1

d) k < 1
Key:(a) k 1

6. The series
a) k 1

nk

un 1
k 1
n un
Lim

7. If
a) convergent

then un is
b) oscillating finitely c) divergent

d) oscillating infinitely
Key:(a) convergent

un 1
k 1
n un
Lim

8. If
a) convergent

then un is
b) oscillating finitely c) divergent

d) oscillating infinitely

Key:(c) divergent
Lim
n

un1
1
un

9. If
then the series of positive terms is
a) neither convergent nor divergent b) convergent
c) divergent
d) either convergent or divergent
Key:(d) either convergent or divergent
Unit : II
Sub Unit : 2.2

Level: U
Type: MCQ

1. For the series

a)

n
(2n 1)(2n 1)

1
n

b)

, the comparison series vn is

1
n

c)

1
n

d) n2

Key:(c)

2. For the series

n2 1

, the comparison series vn is

b) n2

c)

1
n

d) n3

Key:(c)
3. For the series

a)

n
n 1

b)

1
n

, the comparison series vn is

1
n

a) n

c)

d)

3
n

Key:(a)

1
n

Unit : II
Level: U
Sub Unit : 2.2
Type: A & R
1. Of the following pair of statements one is an assertion and the second is a possible
reason read the statements carefully and mark your answer according to the following key.
Assertion :

The series

1
2
3

...
1.3 3.5 5.7

is divergent

1
n

Reason :
The series
is divergent
(a) Both are true and the reason is an adequate explanation to the assertion.
(b) Both are true but the reason does not explain the assertion.
(c) Assertion is true but the reason is false.
(d) Both are false statements.
Key:(a) Both are true and the reason is an adequate explanation to the
assertion.
2. Of the following pair of statements one is an assertion and the second is a possible
reason read the statements carefully and mark your answer according to the following key.
Assertion :

The series

1
2
3

...
1.5 3.7 5.9

Reason

The series

1
n

is divergent

is convergent

2
(a) Both are true and the reason is an adequate explanation to the assertion.
(b) Both are true but the reason does not explain the assertion.
(c) Assertion is true but the reason is false.
(d) Both are false statements.
Key:(b) Both are true but the reason does not explain the assertion.
3. Of the following pair of statements one is an assertion and the second is a possible
reason read the statements carefully and mark your answer according to the following key.

Assertion :

The series

3
7
11

...
1.3 3.5 5.7

is divergent

1
n2

Reason :
The series
is divergent
(a) Both are true and the reason is an adequate explanation to the assertion.
(b) Both are true but the reason does not explain the assertion.
(c) Assertion is true but the reason is false.
(d) Both are false statements.
Key:(c) Assertion is true but the reason is false.
4. Of the following pair of statements one is an assertion and the second is a possible
reason read the statements carefully and mark your answer according to the following key.

Assertion :

The series

1
2
3

...
1.3 3.5 5.7

Reason

The series

1
n

is convergent

is convergent

(a) Both are true and the reason is an adequate explanation to the assertion.
(b) Both are true but the reason does not explain the assertion.
(c) Assertion is true but the reason is false.
(d) Both are false statements.
Key:(d) Both are false statements.
Unit : II
Sub Unit : 2.2

Level: K
Type: VSA

1. State comparison test for convergent series.


2. State comparison test for divergent series.

3. State the condition for the series

4.
5.
6.
7.

1
np

to be convergent.

1
np

State the condition for the series


to be divergent.
State Cauchys condensation test.
State D Alemberts ratio test for convergent series.
State D Alemberts ratio test for divergent series.

Unit : II
Sub Unit : 2.2

Level: K
Type: PA

1. State and prove Cauchys condensation test.


lim

2. Let un be a series of positive terms.If


convergent,if k<1

un 1
un

un 1
n u
n

=k , then prove that

lim

3. Let un be a series of positive terms.If


divergent,if k>1.

un 1
n u
n

=k , then prove that

is

is

lim

4. Show that DAlemberts ratio test fails if

5. Discuss the convergency of the series

=1.

n2n +1
+1

n=0

Unit : II
Sub Unit : 2.2

Level: U
Type: PA

1. State and prove comparison test.

(a n) p (b n) q
2. Discuss the convergency of the series
integers.

, a,b,p,q being all positive

1.2
2.3
3.4

...
3.4.5 4.5.6 5.6.7

3. Discuss the convergency of the series


4. Examine the convergency of the series

( 1+ a ) (1+b) ( 2+a )( 2+ b)
+
+
1.2 .3
2.3.4

,a,b>0

(
5. Test for convergency or divergency the series
1

6. Examine the convergency of the series

n 4 1 n4 1)

1 2 2 33
...
22 33 44
1

(1 n) (2 n)
p

7. Examine the convergency of the series

8. Examine the convergency of the series

p and q being positive.

np
1 n n

th

9. Test the convergence of the infinite series whose n term is

1
1k

.xn where x>0.

x
3k

x2
5k

...

11. Examine the convergence of the series


12. Discuss the convergence of the series

x n 1
(2n 1)k

+ where x>0.

2 2.3 2.3.4 2.3.4.5

...
3 3.5 3.5.7 3.5.7.9

13. Discuss the convergence of the series whose nth term is


14. Discuss the convergency of the series
values of x.

( 1n ) .

n
n 1

10. Examine the convergence of the series

1
n tan

3.6.9...3n
2n
.
4.7.10...(3n 1) 3n 2

1
1
1
1

...
2
3
1 x 1 2 x 1 3x 1 4 x 4

Unit : II
Sub Unit : 2.2
1.a). State and prove cauchys condensation test.

for positive
Level: K
Type: E
(7)

n3 1

n
n 0 2 1

b).Discuss the convergency of the series

(8)

1
3
5
7

+
+...
1.2.3 2.3.4 3.4.5 4.5.6

2.a). Test for convergency the series


b). State and prove Cauchys condensation test and hence show that the series
1

1 1
...
2 3

is divergent.

(7)

(8)

n(log n)

3 a). Discuss the convergency of the series


condensation test.
b). State and prove DAlembertss ratio test.

by using Cauchys
(7)
(8)

Unit : II
Sub Unit : 2.2

Level: U
Type: E

1. a). Discuss the convergency of the series

1.2
2.3
3.4

...
3.4.5 4.5.6 5.6.7

(7)
1
k

b). Prove that the series


divergent when k 1.
2.

1
k

1
3k

...

is convergent when k>1 and


(8)

a). State and prove comparison test.

b). Discuss the convergency of the series


positive values of x.

(7)
1
1
1
1

...
2
3
1 x 1 2 x 1 3x 1 4 x 4

(8)

3.a). State and prove comparison test.

(7)
x

b).Settle the range of values of x for which the series


Unit : II
Sub Unit : 2.3

for

1 x

converges.

(8)
Level: K
Type: MCQ

Limun1/n l 1
n

1. If
then un is
a) oscillating finitely
c) oscillating infinitely

b) convergent
d) divergent
Key:(b) convergent

Limun1/n l 1
n

2. If
then un is
a) oscillating finitely
c) oscillating infinitely

b) convergent
d) divergent
Key:(d) divergent

Unit : II
Sub Unit : 2.3

Level: U
Type: MCQ

1. If vn converges and if
a) converges
c) diverges

un1 vn1

un
vn

nm then un
b) oscillates finitely
d) oscillates infinitely
Key:(a) converges

2. If vn diverges and if
a) converges
c) diverges

un1 vn1

un
vn

nm then un
b) oscillates finitely
d) oscillates infinitely
Key:(c) diverges

Unit : II
Sub Unit : 2.2

Level:K
Type: A & R

1. Of the following pair of statements one is an assertion and the second is a possible
reason read the statements carefully and mark your answer according to the following key.

(log n)
Assertion : The series

n 1

is convergent.

u
n 1

lim un n

Reason : The series


is convergent if as
<1.
(a) Both are true and the reason is an adequate explanation to the assertion.
(b) Both are true but the reason does not explain the assertion.
(c) Assertion is true but the reason is false.
(d) Both are false statements.
Key:(a) Both are true and the reason is an adequate explanation to the
assertion.
2. Of the following pair of statements one is an assertion and the second is a possible
reason read the statements carefully and mark your answer according to the following key.

(log n)
Assertion : The series

n 1

is convergent.

u
n 1

lim un n

Reason : The series


is convergent if as
>1.
(a) Both are true and the reason is an adequate explanation to the assertion.
(b) Both are true but the reason does not explain the assertion.
(c) Assertion is true but the reason is false.
(d) Both are false statements.
Key:(c) Assertion is true but the reason is false.
3. Of the following pair of statements one is an assertion and the second is a possible
reason read the statements carefully and mark your answer according to the following key.

(1 n )
Assertion : The series

n 1

is divergent.

u
n 1

lim un

1
n

Reason : The series


is divergent according as
<1.
(a) Both are true and the reason is an adequate explanation to the assertion.
(b) Both are true but the reason does not explain the assertion.
(c) Assertion is true but the reason is false.
(d) Both are false statements.
Key:(c) Assertion is true but the reason is false.
4. Of the following pair of statements one is an assertion and the second is a possible
reason read the statements carefully and mark your answer according to the following key.

(1 n )
Assertion : The series

n 1

is convergent.

u
Reason

: The series

n 1

lim un n

is convergent according as

<1.

(a) Both are true and the reason is an adequate explanation to the assertion.
(b) Both are true but the reason does not explain the assertion.
(c) Assertion is true but the reason is false.
(d) Both are false statements.
Key:(a) Both are true and the reason is an adequate explanation to the
assertion.
Unit : II
Sub Unit : 2.3

Level: K
Type: VSA

1. State Cauchys root test for testing convergence of a series of positive terms.
2. State Raabes test for testing the convergence of a series of positive terms.
Unit : II
Sub Unit : 2.3

Level: U
Type: VSA

(1 n )
1

1.using Cauchys root test show that

converges.
1

(log)
2. using Cauchys root test show that

n2

converges.

Unit : II
Sub Unit : 2.3

Level: K
Type: PA

1. State and prove Cauchys root test.


lim(n log

un
2. Prove that the series

of positive terms is convergent if


lim(n log

un
3. Prove that the series
Unit : II
Sub Unit : 2.3

of positive terms is divergent if

un
) 1
un 1

un
) 1
un 1

Level: U
Type: PA

un
1. If

vn
and

of n

are two series of positive terms and if

un

after a certain stage, then prove that

un
2. If

will converge if

vn
and

are two series of positive terms and if

of n after a certain stage , then prove that

un

un1 vn1

un
vn

vn

un1 vn1

un
vn

vn

will diverges if

for all values


converges.

for all values

diverges.

3. State and prove Raabes test.


4. Prove that the series

1 a 1.3 a (a 1) 1.3.5 a(a 1) (a 2)


.

...
2 b 2.4 b (b 1) 2.4.6 b(b 1) (b 2)

1 +
b > a+

is convergent if a > 0, b > 0 and

1
2
1

.Test for convergency and divergency the series

6. Show that the series


if +1.

1 (1 ) (2 )

...
1 (1 ) (2 )

7. Test the convergence of the series

converges if >+1 and diverges

1 x 2 1.3 x3 1.3.5 x 4
x .
.
...
2 3 2.4 5 2.4.6 7
x2

8. Examine the convergence of the series


12

9. Examine the convergence of the series


u

lim n n 1 1 logn
n
un1

2x 3 2 x 2 4 3 x 3 5 4 x 4

...
2!
3!
4!
5!

22

12.3 2
2 2.4 2

.where x>0.

2 4 2 .4
2 .42.62 8
x
x6
x ...
3.4
3.4.5.6
3.4.5.6.7.8

12.3 2.5 2
2 2.4 2.6 2

...

by using

to .

Unit : II
Sub Unit : 2.3

Level: K
Type: E

(n 1)r
nn+1

1.a). Show that the series


is convergent if r < 1 and divergent if r 1. (7)
b). State and prove Cauchys root test.
(8)

2.a).Prove that the series

1 1 1.3 1 1.3.5 1
1 .
.
. ...
2 3 2.4 5 2.4.6 7

converges.

(7)

un
b). Prove that the series

of positive terms is convergent if


`

u
lim( n log n ) 1
n
un 1

(8)

x 2n !
n

3.a). Examine the convergence of the infinite series whose nth term is
b). State and prove Cauchys root test.

n !

Unit : II
Sub Unit : 2.3

Level: U
Type: E
1

1. a). Discuss the convergency of the series


where x> 0.

un
b). If

(7)
(8)

(1! ) 2
(2! ) 2 2 (3! ) 2 3
x
x
.x ...
2!
4!
6!

(7)

vn
and

are two series of positive terms and if

values of n after a certain stage, then prove that

un

un1 vn1

un
vn

will converge if

for all

vn

converges.
(8)

2. a). Examine the convergence of the series


b). State and prove Raabes test.

(n 1)(n 2)....(n n)
nn

(7)
(8)

3. a).Prove that the series


1+

a a (a 1)
a(a 1) (a 2)

....
b b (b 1)
b(b 1) (b 2)

is converges if b-1>a>0.

(7)

un
b). If
values of
(8)

vn
and
n m

are two series of positive terms and if


,then prove that

4.a).Show that the series


if +1.

un

1 (1 ) (2 )

...
1 (1 ) (2 )

b). Examine the convergence of the series


***********

un1 vn1

un
vn

will diverges if

vn

for all

diverges.

converges if >+1 and diverges


(7)

12
12.3 2 12.3 2.5 2

...
22
22.4 2 22.4 2.6 2

(8)