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You are on page 1of 66

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

January 4, 2010

Homework 1 (Due 01-06-10)

Problem 1

2 k/ft

10 k

E

10 ft

25 ft

25 ft

25 ft

(1) Use the slope deflection method to find the bending moment diagram for the continuous beam above (you may or may

not use the pin modification). The beam has uniform flexural stiffness EI .

(2) Find the vertical displacement at mid-span BC using the moment diagram of (1) and the principal of virtual forces

(remember to work with a determinate base structure for the virtual loading).

Solution: EI = 5760 k-ft3

(3) Use statics to obtain the shear force diagram from the moment diagram.

(4) Find the maximum moment in span BC .

w

Problem 2

B

12 ft

0.08152 rad

EI = 6000 k-ft2

deflected shape

not to scale

A

15 ft

Under a uniformly distributed load with intensity w applied to the girder the two-hinge frame above deflects as shown.

Find (a) the moment diagram of the frame, (b) the intensity w of the distributed load, and (c) the rotation at the base.

Solution: w = 10 k/ft, A = 0.0408 rad

1/4/2010 1:58 PM

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\winter2010\hw1.doc

Winter Quarter 2010

Problem 3 (hand calculations required, but check results using MATLAB)

(a) Calculate C = AB with

1 2 3

10 11 12 13 14

A = 4 5 6 B = 15 16 17 18 19

7 8 9

20 21 22 23 24

1 4 9

A = 16 25 36

49 64 81

1 2 3 4

22

2 5 6 7

39

A=

B=

3 6 8 9

51

4 7 9 10

58

(d) Calculate the inverse of the following matrix:

3 2 1

A = 2 3 1

1 2 3

3 8 4 1

x1

2 6 7 x 2 = 2

a 22 15 x 3 b

have

one solution

no solution

infinitely many solutions

1/4/2010 1:58 PM

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\winter2010\hw1.doc

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

Winter Quarter 2010

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

January 6, 2010

Homework 1-Solution

Problem 1

2 k/ft

10 k

A

10 ft

B

25 ft

25 ft

D

25 ft

(1) Use the slope deflection method to find the bending moment diagram for the continuous beam above (work with the

minimum number of unknowns)

(2) Find the vertical displacement at mid-span BC using the moment diagram of (1) and the principal of virtual forces

(remember to work with a determinate base structure for the virtual loading)

Solution: EI = 5760 k-ft3

(3) Use statics to obtain the shear force diagram from the moment diagram.

(4) Find the maximum moment in span BC .

(1) Moment diagram

Fixed-end moments

0

M BA

=

1

100 = 50.00

2

0

0

M BC

= MCB

= 2

252

= 104.167

12

25

0

M BA = M BA

+ 3B = 50.00 + 3B

25

25

0

M BC = M BC + (4B + 2C ) = 104.167 + 4B + 2C

25

25

0

MCB = MCB + (2B + 4C ) = 104.167 + 2B + 4C

25

25

MCD =

4C = 4C

25

Equilibrium

= 0 = 7B + 2C + 154.167

= 0 = 2B + 8C 104.167

7 2 B 154.167

M BA = 50.00 3 27.72

M BC = 104.167 4 27.72 + 2 19.95

= 33.16 k-ft

= 33.16 k-ft

MCD = 4 19.85

= 79.81 k-ft

= 79.81 k-ft

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\winter2010\hw1_sol.doc

1/5/2010 11:47 AM

-1-

Winter Quarter 2010

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

100

79.8

33.2

[k-ft]

39.9

P = 1

25 ft

(a)

EI =

1

5

4

12

+

6.25

23.1

2.67

10

2.67 +

4.79

10

26.9

4.79

+ =

[k]

from M andV diagrams:

max M = 33.2 k-ft +

23.12 k2

2 2 k/ft

or

max M = 79.8 k-ft +

26.92 k2

2 2 k/ft

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\winter2010\hw1_sol.doc

1/5/2010 11:47 AM

-2-

Winter Quarter 2010

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

Problem 2

w

B

12 ft

0.08152 rad

EI = 6000 k-ft2

deflected shape

not to scale

A

15 ft

Under a uniformly distributed load with intensity w applied to the girder the two-hinge frame above deflects as shown.

Find (a) the moment diagram of the frame, (b) the intensity w of the distributed load, and (c) the rotation at the base.

(a)

122.3

122.3

6000

EI

M BA =

3B =

3 0.08152 = 122.28 k-ft(ans )

122.3

122.3

12

L

281.3

(b)

0

M BC = M BC

+

MB

EI

wL2 EI

+

(4B + 2C ) =

(4B 2B )

12

L

L

= M BC + M BA = 0 M BC = M BA = 122.28 k-ft

w 152 6000

12

15

M

[k-ft]

(c)

M AB =

1

EI

(4A + 2B ) = 0 A = B = 0.0408 rad (ans )

2

L

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\winter2010\hw1_sol.doc

1/5/2010 11:47 AM

-3-

Winter Quarter 2010

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

Problem 3

(a) Calculate C = AB with

1 2 3

10 11 12 13 14

A = 4 5 6 B = 15 16 17 18 19

7 8 9

20 21 22 23 24

1 4 9

A = 16 25 36

49 64 81

1 2 3 4

22

2 5 6 7

39

A=

B=

3

6

8

9

51

4 7 9 10

58

(d) Calculate the inverse of the following matrix:

3 2 1

A = 2 3 1

1 2 3

3 8 4 1

x1

2

6

7

x 2 = 2

a 22 15 x 3 b

have

one solution

no solution

infinitely many solutions

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\winter2010\hw1_sol.doc

1/5/2010 11:47 AM

-4-

Winter Quarter 2010

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

(a)

100 106 112 118 124

(b)

det(A)= 216

(c)

`x = [2 0 0 5]T

(d)

0.5833

A -1 = 0.4167

0.0833

0.3333

0.6667

0.3333

0.0833

0.0833

0.4167

or

1

5

12

1

4

8

4

(e)

a8

a = 8, b = 4

a = 8, b 4

no solution

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\winter2010\hw1_sol.doc

1/5/2010 11:47 AM

-5-

Winter Quarter 2010

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

January 6, 2010

Homework 2 (Due 01-11-10)

Problem 1

2 k/ft

20 ft

2 k/ft

25 ft

25 ft

20 ft

(1) Determine the 2x2 element stiffness matrices k corresponding to the four spans of the continuous beam above.

(2) Determine the 2x1 element load vectors D0 for each span (fixed-end moments).

(3) Assemble the 5x5 structure stiffness matrix K .

(4) Assemble the 5x1 structure load vector F .

(5) Reduce the 5x5 structure stiffness matrix K to a 4x4 matrix Kfree by accounting for the boundary condition.

(6) Solve (electronically) the system of equilibrium equations (expressing equilibrium at the nodes) to obtain the 4x1 vector

1

q free of node rotations of the free nodes.

Solution: q free =

543.8 410.2]T

[ 564.8

462.9

EI

(7) Sketch the deflected shape.

(8) Expand the 4x1 vector q free to a 5x1 vector q by adding zero for the rotation of the fixed node.

(9) Extract the 2x1 vectors d of element rotations out of the 5x1 vector q of structure rotations.

(10) Calculate the vector D of element end moments.

(11) Draw the bending moment diagram.

2 k/ft

Problem 2

2 k/ft

EI

2

5

20 ft

6

20 ft

25 ft

25 ft

20 ft

(1) Find the 4x4 structure stiffness matrix Kfree of the above structure by modifying the 4x4 structure stiffness matrix of

Problem 1. Ignore axial deformation, i.e. the structure is a non-sway frame.

(2) Solve (electronically) the equilibrium equations and draw the deflected shape.

1

Solution: q free =

493.6

[ 470.1

273.5

399.0]T

EI

Problem 3

3

4

2

EI =1000 k-ft2

r = 10 ft

8

6

7

(1) In a 9x9 grid, mark by a x the non-zero elements in the structure stiffness matrix K of the above wheel (modeled as a

non-sway frame). All connections are moment connections.

(2) Without calculating any element stiffness matrices, find the values K 99 , K 89, K 13 , K 87 , K11 of the structure stiffness matrix

(3) Calculate the complete 9x9 structure stiffness matrix.

Solution: K 99 = 3200, K 89 = 200, K13 = 0, K 87 = 261.3, K 11 = 1445.3 (all k-ft)

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\winter2010\hw2.doc

1/4/2010 12:17 PM

Winter Quarter 2010

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

January 13, 2010

Homework 2 -Solution

Problem 1

2 k/ft

20 ft

2 k/ft

25 ft

25 ft

20 ft

(1) Determine the 2x2 element stiffness matrices k corresponding to the four spans of the continuous beam above.

(2) Determine the 2x1 element load vectors D0 for each span (fixed-end moments).

(3) Assemble the 5x5 structure stiffness matrix K .

(4) Assemble the 5x1 structure load vector F .

(5) Reduce the 5x5 structure stiffness matrix K to a 4x4 matrix Kfree by accounting for the boundary condition.

(6) Solve (electronically) the system of equilibrium equations (expressing equilibrium at the nodes) to obtain the 4x1 vector

q free of node rotations of the free nodes.

(7) Sketch the deflected shape.

(8) Expand the 4x1 vector q free to a 5x1 vector q by adding zero for the rotation of the fixed node.

(9) Extract the 2x1 vectors d of element rotations out of the 5x1 vector q of structure rotations.

(10) Calculate the vector D of element end moments.

(11) Draw the bending moment diagram.

(1)

0.08

0.08

0.20 0.10

0.16

0.16

k1 = EI 0.10 0.20

k2 = EI 0.08

k 3 = EI 0.08

0.16

0.16

(2)

wL12 / 12 66.67

wL32 / 12 104.17

0(1)

0(2)

0(3)

0(4)

D =

=

2

, D = 0, D = wL 2 / 12 = 104.17 , D = 0

wL1 / 12 66.67

0.20

k 4 = EI 0.10

(3)

0.20

0.10

0.10

0.36

0.08

K = EI 0

0

0

0

0

(4)

-66.67

66.67

F = -104.17

104.17

(5)

0.10

0.20

0.36

0.10

Kfree = EI 0

0.08

0

0

0

0.08

0.32

0.08

0

0

0.08

0.32

0.08

0

0

0.08

0.36

0.10

0.10

0.20

0.08 [k-ft]

0.36

Ffree

-66.67

66.67

= -104.17 [k-ft]

104.17

(6)

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\winter2010\hw2_sol.doc

1/13/2010 2:46 PM

-1-

0.10

0.20

Winter Quarter 2010

Solve: Kfree q free = Ffree

q free =

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

1

[ 564.8 462.9 543.8 410.2]T

EI

[rad]

(7)

(8)

q=

1

[ 564.8 462.9 543.8 410.2 0]T

EI

[rad]

(9)

d1 =

1

EI

-564.8

d2 = 1

462.9

EI

462.9

d3 = 1

-543.8

EI

-543.8

d4 = 1

410.2

EI

410.2

(10)

0

30.56

49.97

82.03

D2 =

D3 =

D4 =

D1 =

-30.56

-49.97

-82.03

41.02

or in matrix form

0

D=

-30.56

30.56

-49.97

49.97

-82.03

82.03

41.02

(11)

30.65

82.03

49.97

156.25

100

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\winter2010\hw2_sol.doc

41.02

1/13/2010 2:46 PM

[k-ft]

-2-

Winter Quarter 2010

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

Problem 2

2 k/ft

2 k/ft

EI

2

20 ft

6

20 ft

25 ft

25 ft

20 ft

(1) Find the 4x4 structure stiffness matrix Kfree of the above structure by modifying the 4x4 structure stiffness matrix of

Problem 1. Ignore axial deformation, i.e. the structure is a non-sway frame.

(2) Solve (electronically) the equilibrium equations and draw the deflected shape.

(1) Column 26 adds rotational stiffness k = 4EI / L26 = 4EI / 20 = 0.20EI to node 2. The structure stiffness matrix

is thus

Kfree

0.20

0.10

= EI 0

0.10

0.36 + 0.20

0.08

0

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\winter2010\hw2_sol.doc

q free =

0

0.08

0.32

0.08

0.08 = EI

0.36

0.20

0.10

0

0

0.10

0.56

0.08

0

0

0.08

0.32

0.08

1

[ 470.1 273.5 493.6 399.0]T

EI

1/13/2010 2:46 PM

-3-

0.08

0.36

Winter Quarter 2010

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

Problem 3

4

2

EI =1000 k-ft2

9

r = 10 ft

8

6

(1) In a 9x9 grid, mark by a x the non-zero elements in the structure stiffness matrix K of the above wheel (modeled as a

non-sway frame). All connections are moment connections.

(2) Without calculating any element stiffness matrices, find the values K 99 , K 89, K 13 , K 87 , K11 of the structure stiffness matrix

(3) Calculate the complete 9x9 structure stiffness matrix.

Solution:

(1) see (3)

(2)

a = 2 r sin

K 99 = 8

45D

= 20 sin 22.5D = 7.654 ft

2

4EI

4000

= 8

= 3200 k-ft(ans )

10

r

K13 = 0

2EI

2000

K 87 =

=

7.654

a

(3)

1445

261

261

1445

0

261

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

261

0

200

200

units: (k-ft)

= 261.3 k-ft(ans )

0

261

1445

261

0

0

0

0

200

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\winter2010\hw2_sol.doc

0

0

261

1445

261

0

0

0

200

K 89 =

2EI

2000

=

10

r

= 200 k-ft(ans )

1

1

1

1

K11 = 4EI + 2 = 4EI + 2

10

7.654

a

0

0

0

261

1445

261

0

0

200

1/13/2010 2:46 PM

0

0

0

0

261

1445

261

0

200

0

0

0

0

0

261

1445

261

200

261

0

0

0

0

0

261

1445

200

= 1445 k-ft(ans )

200

200

200

200

200

199

200

200

3200

-4-

Winter Quarter 2010

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

January 11, 2010

Homework 3 (Due 01-13-10)

Problem

Develop a MATLAB algorithm that assembles the structure stiffness matrix of an arbitrary non-sway frame structure (one

degree-of-freedom per node). Test your work using the "wheel"-structure of HW 2. Below are a few suggestions for your

algorithm that I hope you find helpful.

%vector of element lengths (as many components as there are elements)

L = [..];

%vector of i-nodes (as many components as there are elements)

ni =[..];

%vector of j-nodes (as many components as there are elements)

nj =[..];

%flexural stiffness

EI =

%initialize structure stiffness matrix

K = zeros(..)

numel = length(ni);

%assembly loop

for el = 1:numel

%calculate element stiffness matrix kele of element el

kele =

end

%stiffness matrix (this is the key step)

Do not submit anything for this HW. Use your work as a starting point for ARCE 353, HW 1.

1/11/2010

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\winter2010\hw3.doc

-1-

Winter Quarter 2009

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

January 21, 2009

Homework 3-Solution

Problem 1

The figure shows a uniform slab supported on four columns rigidly attached to the slab and clamped at the base. The slab is

rigid in plane and out of plane. Each column is of circular cross section, and its second moment of cross-sectional area

about any diametrical axis is as noted. With the three degrees-of-freedom selected as ux , uy , u at the center of the slab, formulate the stiffness matrix K in terms of the lateral stiffness k = 12 EI / h 3 of the smaller column.

ux = 1, uy = 0, u = 0

kxx = 6k

kyx = 0

k x = 0

ux = 0, uy = 1, u = 0

kxy = 0

kyy = 6k

b

b

ky = 2 k 2k = kb

2

2

ux = 0, uy = 0, u = 1

kx = 0

b

b

ky = 2 k 2k = kb

2

2

b b b b b b b b

k = 3k + 3k + 2k + 4k = 3kb 2

2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2

0

6 0

12EI

K = k 0 6 b , with k =

h3

2

0 b 3b

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\Winter2009\hw3_sol.doc

2/2/2009 2:36 PM

(ans )

Winter Quarter 2009

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

u2

Problem 2

u3

u1

rigid

k

3

3

4

10 ft

10 ft

10 ft

10 ft

k = 10 k/ft

For the structure above, find the stiffness matrix K with respect to the three degrees-of-freedom shown.

k11 = 2 0.62 k = 0.72k

= 7.2 k/ft

k21 =

=0

= 192 k

k 31

u1 = 1

k21

k11

0.6k

0.6k

2

= 42.8 k/ft

k23 =

=0

= 7120 k-ft

10 ft

10 ft

10 ft

10 ft

u2 = 1

7.2

192

0

K= 0

42.8

0

192

0

7120

0.8k

3

4

k 32

k22

k

10 ft

k12

0.8k

10 ft

10 ft

10 ft

4

k 33

u3 = 1

20 0.8k = 16k

k23

10k

k13

20 0.8k = 16k

10k

3

4

10 ft

10 ft

Make sure you understand why there are the three units k/ft, k, and k-ft in the stiffness matrix.

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\Winter2009\hw3_sol.doc

2/2/2009 2:36 PM

10 ft

10 ft

Winter Quarter 2009

Problems 3

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

E, A

rigid

P,

A tension rod stabilizes a rigid post as shown. (a) For given values E , A, L, , derive a parameter k such that P = k . (b)

Find the angle that maximizes k .

rod

P

cos

Frod

P

L

=

Lrod =

EA

EA cos sin

rod

P

L

EA

=

=

P=

cos2 sin (ans )

EA cos2 sin

L

cos

hor =

f () = cos2 sin

trial and error

(

: (2 sin

)

35 ) = 0.6580 + 0.6710 = 0.01303

=35D

35D + cos2

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\Winter2009\hw3_sol.doc

2/2/2009 2:36 PM

AB

Frod

Winter Quarter 2010

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

January 13, 2010

Homework 4 (Due 01-18-10)

Problem 1

The figure shows a uniform slab supported on four columns rigidly attached to the slab and clamped at the base. The slab is

rigid in plane and out of plane. Each column is of circular cross section with moment of inertia I . With the three degreesof-freedom selected as ux , uy , u at the center of the slab, formulate the stiffness matrix K in terms of the lateral stiffness

k = 12 EI / h 3 of the smaller column.

6 0

0

Solution: K = k 0 6 b

0

b

3

b

u2

Problem 2

u3

u1

rigid

k

3

3

10 ft

10 ft

10 ft

10 ft

k = 10 k/ft

For the structure above, find the stiffness matrix K with respect to the three degrees-of-freedom shown.

E, A

rigid

7.2 k/ft

0

192 k

Solution: K = 0

42.8 k/ft

0

192 k

0

7120 k-ft

Problems 3

P,

A tension rod stabilizes a rigid post as shown. (a) For given values E , A, L, , derive a parameter k such that P = k .

(b) Find the angle that maximizes k .

Solution: k =

EA

cos2 sin

L

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\winter2010\hw4.doc

1/12/2010 9:57 AM

Winter Quarter 2010

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

January 13, 2010

Homework 4-Solution

Problem 1

The figure shows a uniform slab supported on four columns rigidly attached to the slab and clamped at the base. The slab is

rigid in plane and out of plane. Each column is of circular cross section, and its second moment of cross-sectional area

about any diametrical axis is as noted. With the three degrees-of-freedom selected as ux , uy , u at the center of the slab, formulate the stiffness matrix K in terms of the lateral stiffness k = 12 EI / h 3 of the smaller column.

ux = 1, uy = 0, u = 0

kxx = 6k

kyx = 0

k x = 0

ux = 0, uy = 1, u = 0

kxy = 0

kyy = 6k

b

b

ky = 2 k 2k = kb

2

2

ux = 0, uy = 0, u = 1

kx = 0

b

b

ky = 2 k 2k = kb

2

2

b b b b b b b b

k = 3k + 3k + 2k + 4k = 3kb 2

2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2

0

6 0

12EI

K = k 0 6 b , with k =

h3

2

0 b 3b

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\winter2010\hw4_sol.doc

1/12/2010 9:11 AM

(ans )

Winter Quarter 2010

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

u2

Problem 2

u3

u1

rigid

k

3

3

4

10 ft

10 ft

10 ft

10 ft

k = 10 k/ft

For the structure above, find the stiffness matrix K with respect to the three degrees-of-freedom shown.

k11 = 2 0.62 k = 0.72k

= 7.2 k/ft

k21 =

=0

= 192 k

k 31

u1 = 1

k21

k11

0.6k

0.6k

2

= 42.8 k/ft

k23 =

=0

= 7120 k-ft

10 ft

10 ft

10 ft

10 ft

u2 = 1

7.2

192

0

K= 0

42.8

0

192

0

7120

0.8k

k 32

k22

k12

0.8k

3

10 ft

10 ft

10 ft

10 ft

4

k 33

u3 = 1

20 0.8k = 16k

k23

10k

k13

20 0.8k = 16k

10k

3

4

10 ft

10 ft

Make sure you understand why there are the three units k/ft, k, and k-ft in the stiffness matrix.

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\winter2010\hw4_sol.doc

1/12/2010 9:11 AM

10 ft

10 ft

Winter Quarter 2010

Problems 3

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

E, A

rigid

P,

A tension rod stabilizes a rigid post as shown. (a) For given values E , A, L, , derive a parameter k such that P = k . (b)

Find the angle that maximizes k .

rod

P

cos

Frod

P

L

=

Lrod =

EA

EA cos sin

rod

P

L

EA

=

=

P=

cos2 sin (ans )

EA cos2 sin

L

cos

hor =

f () = cos2 sin

trial and error

(

: (2 sin

)

35 ) = 0.6580 + 0.6710 = 0.01303

=35D

35D + cos2

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\winter2010\hw4_sol.doc

1/12/2010 9:11 AM

AB

Frod

Winter Quarter 2010

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

January 22, 2010

Homework 5 (Due 01-27-10)

Problem

4 k/ft

10 k

50 k

100 k-ft

EI

3

10 ft

25 ft

12.5 ft

4

12.5 ft

25 ft

(1) Find the moment and shear force diagrams of the beam using the slope deflection method. Use the pin modification for

joint 2 if you wish.

(2) Use the moment diagram and PVF to find the rotation and deflection of joint 1. See (5) for the solution.

Model the continuous beam using the beam element with four degrees-of-freedom (2 dofs per node).

Using hand calculations:

(3) Find the 10x1 load vector of the structure.

Solution: F= [ 10.00 0 15.00 83.33 60.00 31.25 25.00 56.25 0 0]T k, k-ft

(4) Without calculating any stiffness matrices find the elements K 77 , K 88 , K 67,K 78 of the 10x10 structure stiffness matrix K

Solution: K 77 = 0.001536EI , K 88 = 0.320EI , K 67 = 0.0096EI K 78 = 0

[k/ft, k, k-ft]

1000

[5.4066 0.70733 0.20733 0.20633 0.22736]T ft, rad

q free =

EI

find the element end forces for elements 34 and 45 by matrix (hand) calculations (4x4 element stiffness matrix times 4x1

vector of element displacements) and show that they match the results of (1).

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\winter2010\hw5.doc

1/22/2010 12:50 PM

Winter Quarter 2010

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

January 22, 2010

Homework 5-Solution

Problem 1

4 k/ft

10 k

50 k

100 k-ft

EI

3

10 ft

25 ft

12.5 ft

4

12.5 ft

25 ft

(1) Find the moment and shear force diagrams of the beam using the slope deflection method. Use the pin modification for

joint 2 if you wish.

(2) Use the moment diagram and PVF to find the rotation and deflection of joint 1. See (5) for the solution.

Model the continuous beam using the beam element with four degrees-of-freedom (2 dofs per node).

Using hand calculations:

(3) Find the 10x1 load vector of the structure.

Solution: F= [ 10.00 0 15.00 83.33 60.00 31.25 25.00 56.25 0 0]T k, k-ft

(4) Without calculating any stiffness matrices find the elements K 77 , K 88 , K 67,K 78 of the 10x10 structure stiffness matrix K

Solution: K 77 = 0.001536EI , K 88 = 0.320EI , K 67 = 0.0096EI K 78 = 0

[k/ft, k, k-ft]

1000

[5.4066 0.70733 0.20733 0.20633 0.22736]T ft, rad

q free =

EI

find the element end forces for elements 34 and 45 by matrix (hand) calculations and show that they match the results of

(1).

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\winter2010\hw5_sol.doc

1/28/2010 5:53 PM

-1-

Winter Quarter 2010

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

(1)

let EI = 50 (to get pleasing numbers for EI / L)

0

M 43

1

1

10 k 10 ft

8 4 k/ft 252 ft2 = 50 166.67 = 116.67 k-ft

2

120

50 25

=

= 156.25 k-ft

8

= 156.25 k-ft

M 32

0

= M 32

+

0

M 32

0

M 34

M 34

M 43

M 45

M 54

M3

M4

EI

50

33 = 116.67 + 3 = 116.67 + 63

L

25

EI

50

(43 + 24 ) = 156.25 + (43 + 24 ) = 156.25 + 83 + 44

L

25

EI

50

0

= M 43

+

(23 + 44 ) = 156.25 + (23 + 44 ) = 156.25 + 43 + 84

L

25

EI

50

=

(44 + 0) = (43 + 0) = 84

L

25

EI

50

=

(24 + 0) = (23 + 0) = 44

L

25

0

= M 34

+

= 0 = M 32 + M 34

= 0 = M 43 + M 45

= 156.25 + 43 + 84 + 84

2 = 4.127

3 = 4.547

4.127 50

EI

4.547 50

=

EI

=

206.33

(ans )

EI

227.36

=

(ans )

EI

=

141.4

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\winter2010\hw5_sol.doc

1/28/2010 5:53 PM

136.4

-2-

Winter Quarter 2010

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

(2)

x x

4

4 3

x

x = 100 + 15x

25

2 3

150

M (x )

= 100 + 15x

M (x )

2

= 10 + x

5

2

1

M (x )

= 1 + x =

50

10

M (x )

25

4

4 4

M (x )M (x ) dx = 1000 190x + 6x 2 + x 3

x dx = 2083.33

15

375

0

EI 1

EI 1

1

= 100 10 10 + 2083.3 = 5417

3

1

= 100 1 10 + 208.33 = 708.3 ccw

2

checks ok

checks ok

(3)

D1,0 = 0

D2,0

1

125 83.33

4 25

15.00

6

25

83.33

83.33

=

=

125 83.33

35.00

4 25 +

25

125.0

125.0

D3,0

50

2

25.00

1

50 25

156.3

8

=

=

1 50 25.00

2

156.3

1

50 25

8

D4,0 = 0

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\winter2010\hw5_sol.doc

1/28/2010 5:53 PM

-3-

Winter Quarter 2010

10

F=

0

100

(4)

12EI 12EI

24EI

K 77 = 3 + 3 =

253

L34

L45

K 88 =

4EI

4EI

8EI

+

=

25

L34

L45

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

0

15

83.33

35 25

F=

125 156.25

25

156.25

= 0.001536 EI (ans )

= 0.32 EI (ans )

K 67 =

6 EI

6EI

= 2

2

25

L34

K 78 =

6 EI 6 EI

6EI 6EI

+ 2 = 2 + 2 = 0(ans )

2

25

25

L34

L45

(5)

Member end forces

15.01

25.20

-10.00

0

100.00 141.43

D =

10.00

34.99

24.80

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\winter2010\hw5_sol.doc

10.00

15.00

83.33

60.00

total (ans )

F=

31.25

25.00

56.25

= 0.0096 EI (ans )

2.18

36.38

- 2.18

18.19

1/28/2010 5:53 PM

-4-

Winter Quarter 2010

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

February 1, 2010

Homework 6 (Due 02-04-10, 6 pm)

Problem 1

(1) Read and understand the handout on the 2D truss element.

(2) Use the principal of virtual work and the member forces given in the handout to verify the three displacements q free of

Eq. (5.45) of the example.

(3) Modify your MATLAB program for the beam element with four degrees-of-freedom (two dofs per node) by implementing the truss element with four degrees-of-freedom (two dofs per node) and test your algorithm by reproducing the results

of the example. From now on, we define the structure as we do in RISA, that is by inputting the x - and y coordinates of the

nodes (as vectors) in addition to the connectivity information. We do no longer input the length L of the members directly.

For the simple truss on the handout, the vectors of coordinates are

x = [0 8 4], y = [0 0 3];

Whenever we need the length L of an element we should calculate it by using Pythagoras' theorem

L = x 2 + y 2 =

(x j xi )

+ (y j yi )

(a) Save you function elestiff1.m as elestiff2.m and turn the 4x4 element stiffness matrix for the beam element into

the local 4x4 element stiffness matrix k for the truss element according to Eq. (5.13) of the handout (in the weeks

to come we will refer to the 2D truss element as element type 2). The result should be the function

function k = elestiff2(E,A,L)

where parameters E , A, L are the modulus of elasticity of the material, the cross-sectional area and length of the

element.

(b) Write a MATLAB function

function L = elelength(xs,xe,ys,ye)

that calculates the length L of a member where input parameters xs, xe, ys, ye are the x - and y - coordinates of the

start and end nodes of the element, respectively.

(c) Write a MATLAB function

function T = transele2(xs,xe,ys,ye)

that calculates the 4x4 transformation matrix T of a truss element according to Eq. (5.21) of the handout. Caution:

Do not calculate the angle before calculating sin and cos . You should calculate sin and cos directly

according to Eq. (5.38).

(d) Save any of your previous MATLAB work that uses the beam element to hw6.m and make the necessary

modifications. Note that the transformation matrix T comes into play twice: (1) in the first loop to calculate the

global element stiffness matrix k = TT kT according to Eq. (5.27) and (2) in the second loop when calculating the

local element displacements d = Td which are then multiplied by the local element stiffness matrix k to obtain the

member forces D (see Eq. (5.46)).

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\winter2010\hw6.doc

2/1/2010 12:30 PM

Winter Quarter 2010

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

Problem 2

Without calculating any stiffness matrices, calculate the elements K 15,15 , K 16,16 , K 16,15, K 17,17 , K 18,18 , K 18,19 , K 18,38 , K 18,37 , K 18,36 of

the 44x44 structure stiffness matrix K . The nodes of the bottom chord lie on a quadratic parabola with zero slope at node

12. The truss structure has constant EA .

Solution:

K15,15

K16,16

0.5797

K16,15

0

K17,17

K18,18

K 18,19

K18,38

K 18,37

2.1761

1.1699

0.3754

0.2176 0

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\winter2010\hw6.doc

2/1/2010 12:30 PM

K18,36

x EA

Winter Quarter 2010

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

February 4, 2010

Homework 6-Solution

Problem 1

(1) Read and understand the handout on the 2D truss element.

(2) Use the principal of virtual work and the member forces given in the handout to verify the three displacements q free of

Eq. (5.45) of the example.

(3) Modify your MATLAB program for the beam element with four degrees-of-freedom (two dofs per node) by implementing the truss element with four degrees-of-freedom (two dofs per node) and test your algorithm by reproducing the results

of the example. From now on, we define the structure as we do in RISA, that is by inputting the x - and y coordinates of the

nodes (as vectors) in addition to the connectivity information. We do no longer input the length L of the members directly.

For the simple truss on the handout, the vectors of coordinates are

x = [0 8 4], y = [0 0 3];

Whenever we need the length L of an element we should calculate it by using Pythagoras' theorem

L = x 2 + y 2 =

(x j xi )

+ (y j yi )

(a) Save you function elestiff1.m as elestiff2.m and turn the 4x4 element stiffness matrix for the beam element into

the local 4x4 element stiffness matrix k for the truss element according to Eq. (5.13) of the handout (in the weeks

to come we will refer to the 2D truss element as element type 2). The result should be the function

function k = elestiff2(E,A,L)

where parameters E , A, L are the modulus of elasticity of the material, the cross-sectional area and length of the

element.

(b) Write a MATLAB function

function L = elelength(xs,xe,ys,ye)

that calculates the length L of a member where input parameters xs, xe, ys, ye are the x - and y - coordinates of the

start and end nodes of the element, respectively.

(c) Write a MATLAB function

function T = transele2(xs,xe,ys,ye)

that calculates the 4x4 transformation matrix T of a truss element according to Eq. (5.21) of the handout. Caution:

Do not calculate the angle before calculating sin and cos . You should calculate sin and cos directly

according to Eq. (5.38).

(d) Save any of your previous MATLAB work that uses the beam element to hw6.m and make the necessary

modifications. Note that the transformation matrix T comes into play twice: (1) in the first loop to calculate the

global element stiffness matrix k = TT kT according to Eq. (5.27) and (2) in the second loop when calculating the

local element displacements d = Td which are then multiplied by the local element stiffness matrix k to obtain the

member forces D (see Eq. (5.46)).

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\winter2010\hw6_sol.doc

2/4/2010 12:47 PM

-1-

Winter Quarter 2010

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

Solution

(2) Virtual Work

P = 1

500 kN

0.625 T

0.625 C

300 kN

3.00 m

0.500 T

4.00 m

P = 1

4.00 m

1

EA = 1000 MN

4T

[kN]

60

0.833 C

0.833 C

0.667 T

22

9T

183 C

Horizontal displacement of node 2

EAq 3

q3

1464 kNm

106 kN

= 1.46 mm

EAq 5

q5

440 kNm

106 kN

= 0.44 mm

EAq 6

q6

4447 kNm

106 kN

= 4.45 mm

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\winter2010\hw6_sol.doc

2/4/2010 12:47 PM

-2-

Winter Quarter 2010

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

Problem 2

y

Without calculating any stiffness matrices, calculate the elements K15,15 , K16,16 , K 16,15, K17,17 , K18,18 , K 18,19 , K18,38 , K18,37 , K 18,36 of

the 44x44 structure stiffness matrix K . The nodes of the bottom chord lie on a quadratic parabola with zero slope at node

12. The truss structure has constant EA .

K15,15

K16,16

K16,15

K17,17

K18,18

K 18,19 K18,38

K 18,37

K18,36

Solution:

2

0.5797

0

2.1761 1.1699 0

0.3754 0.2176 0

x EA

Solution

Some geometrical calculations

2.50

7.002 = 1.725 m

2

10.00

2.50

8.002 = 2.100 m

y(20) = 0.50 +

2

10.00

2.50

9.002 = 2.525 m

y(21) = 0.50 +

2

10.00

y(19) = 0.50 +

L8,19 = 1.725 m

L9,20 = 2.100 m

L10,21 = 2.525 m

1.725

) = 59.90D

9,19 = tan1 (

1

2.525

9,21 = tan1(

) = 68.39D

1

L9,19 = 12 + 1.7252 = 1.994 m

L9,21 = 12 + 2.5252 = 2.716 m

K15,15

EA EA EA EA

K15,15 =

+

=

+

= 2 EA (ans )

L78 L89

1

1

K16,16

EA

EA

K16,16 =

=

= 0.5797 EA (ans )

L8,19

1.725

K16,15

y -force at node 8 due to x - displacement at node 8

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\winter2010\hw6_sol.doc

2/4/2010 12:47 PM

-3-

Winter Quarter 2010

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

K16,15 = 0(ans )

K17,17

EA

EA

EA

EA

cos2 9,19 +

cos2 9,21

K17,17 =

+

+

L8,9 L9,10 L9,19

L9,21

1

1

= EA 1 + 1 +

cos2 59.90 +

cos2 68.39

1.994

2.716

= 2.1761 EA (ans )

K18,18

K18,18

EA

EA

EA

1

1

1

+

+

sin2 9,19 +

sin2 9,21 = EA

sin2 59.90 +

sin2 68.39 = 1.1699 EA (ans )

L9,20 L9,19

L9,21

2.100 1.994

2.716

K18,19

K18,19 = 0

K18,38

EA

1

K18,38 =

sin2 9,19 = EA

sin2 59.90 = 0.3754 EA (ans )

L9,19

1.994

K18,37

EA

sin 9,19 cos 9,19

K18,37 =

L9,19

1

= EA

sin 59.90 cos 59.90

1.994

= 0.2176 EA (ans )

K18,36

(no connection between nodes 9 and 18

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\winter2010\hw6_sol.doc

2/4/2010 12:47 PM

-4-

Winter Quarter 2010

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

February 10, 2010

Homework 7 (Due 02-16-10)

Problem 1

Joints 9 and 19 experience horizontal and vertical displacements as given below. The nodes of the bottom chord lie on a

quadratic parabola with zero slope at node 12. The truss structure has constant EA . Find

9,x -356.4

9,y -471.3

19,x

19,y -958.4

Find the axial force in member 9-19 (hand calculations for (a) and (b)).

(a) using scalar trigonometry, i.e. the way you would solve the problem by hand without using any matrices and vectors.

(b) using the 4x4 local element stiffness matrix k , the 4x4 transformation matrix T and the 4x1 vector d of global element

displacements.

Problem 2

Implement into MATLAB the procedure to account for homogeneous boundary conditions (prescribed zero displacements

at the fixed degrees-of-freedom) approximately (large value method, see notes) and the procedure to calculate reaction

forces. Test your algorithm by analyzing the truss structure below. Check the member forces against the given results.

Calculate the reaction forces and check them by statics (submit nothing).

400 kN

200 kN

6C

66

3m

550 T

EA = 106 kN

3m

783

1

8m

2/11/2010 9:50 AM

8m

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\winter2010\hw7.doc

91

6C

783

Winter Quarter 2010

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

Problem 3

4

EA = 106 kN

= 1.2 x 105

1

K

3m

3m

2

1

8m

8m

(a) Using hand calculations, assemble the structure load vector for a temperature change of T = 30 K in all members.

(b) Use MATLAB to find the nodal displacements and member forces of the truss due to a

(1) temperature change of T = 30 K in all members,

(2) displacement 3,x = 5 mm of node 3 in the horizontal direction (node 3, 5mm, to the right).

(3) displacement 3,y = 5 mm of node 3 in the vertical direction (node 3, 5mm, down).

For (2) and (3) you have to implement into MATLAB the procedure to account for non-homogeneous boundary conditions

(prescribed non-zero displacement, see notes).

Submit: hand calculations for (a), deflected shape and member forces for each of the three load cases, comment on the

member forces you obtain.

2/11/2010 9:50 AM

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\winter2010\hw7.doc

Winter Quarter 2010

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

February 10, 2010

Homework 7 (Due 02-16-10)-Solution

Problem 1

Joints 9 and 19 experience horizontal and vertical displacements as given below. The nodes of the bottom chord lie on a

quadratic parabola with zero slope at node 12. The truss structure has constant EA . Find

9,x -356.4

9,y -471.3

19,x

19,y -958.4

Find the axial force in member 9-19 (hand calculations for (a) and (b)).

(a) using scalar trigonometry, i.e. the way you would solve the problem by hand without using any matrices and vectors.

(b) using the 4x4 local element stiffness matrix k , the 4x4 transformation matrix T and the 4x1 vector d of global element

displacements.

Solution:

(a)

L

= 356.4 cos(59.90D ) 471.3 sin(59.90D ) 411.6 cos(59.90D ) + 958.4 sin(59.90D )

= 36.26 / EA (elongation)

L

36.26

=

= 18.16 / EA

L

EA 1.994

= EA = EA 18.18 / EA = 18.16 kN (ans ) Tension

=

(b)

1 0

EA 0 0

D = kd = kTd =

1.994 1 0

0 0

= 18.16 kN (ans )

2/18/2010 2:36 PM

0

0

-356.4

1 0 cos 59.90 sin 59.90

0

0

-471.3

/EA

1 0

0

0

cos 59.90 sin 59.90 411.6

0 0

sin 59.90 cos 59.90 -958.4

0

0

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\winter2010\hw7_sol.doc

Winter Quarter 2010

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

Problem 2

Implement into MATLAB the procedure to account for homogeneous boundary conditions (prescribed zero displacements

at the fixed degrees-of-freedom) approximately (large value method, see notes) and the procedure to calculate reaction

forces. Test your algorithm by analyzing the truss structure below. Check the member forces against the given results.

Calculate the reaction forces and check them by statics (submit nothing).

400 kN

200 kN

6C

66

3m

550 T

EA = 106 kN

3m

783

1

8m

2/18/2010 2:36 PM

8m

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\winter2010\hw7_sol.doc

91

6C

783

Winter Quarter 2010

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

Problem 3

4

EA = 106 kN

1

K

3m

= 1.2 x 105

3m

2

1

8m

8m

(a) Using hand calculations, assemble the structure load vector for a temperature change of T = 30 K in all members.

(b) Use MATLAB to find the nodal displacements and member forces of the truss due to a

(1) temperature change of T = 30 K in all members,

(2) displacement 3,x = 5 mm of node 3 in the horizontal direction (node 3, 5mm, to the right).

(3) displacement 3,y = 5 mm of node 3 in the vertical direction (node 3, 5mm, down).

For (2) and (3) you have to implement into MATLAB the procedure to account for non-homogeneous boundary conditions

(prescribed non-zero displacement, see notes).

Submit: hand calculations for (a), deflected shape and member forces for each of the three load cases, comment on the

member forces you obtain.

(a)

P 0 = EAT T = 106 kN 1.2 10-5 / K 30 k = 360 kN

3

2

3 +8

= 0.3511

8

2

3 +8

= 0.9363

= 625.1 kN

= 342.4 kN

8

2

6 +8

= 0.8000

F (3) = 0

F (4) = 360 (0.3511 2 1)

= 107.2 kN

F (5) = F (1)

= 625.1 kN

F (6) = F (2)

= 342.4 kN

F (7) = 0

F (8) = 360 (0.6 2 + 2)

2/18/2010 2:36 PM

= 792 kN

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\winter2010\hw7_sol.doc

F=

6

2

6 + 82

= 0.6000

-625.1

- 342.4

0

-107.2

625.1 kN

- 342.4

0

792.0

Winter Quarter 2010

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

(b)

(1) zero member forces, structure is determinate, only displacements

q=

2.88

1.08

5.76 mm

0

2.88

2.16

(2)

2.50

-4.43

q = 5.00 mm

0.00

2.50

-4.23

F1-4 = F34 = 53.9 kN C

F2-4

= 64.7 kN T

q=

0.94

- 2.50

mm

0

- 5.00

1.87

- 2.50

Deflected shape due to vertical support settlement 3,y = 5 mm (no forces generated)

2/18/2010 2:36 PM

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\winter2010\hw7_sol.doc

Winter Quarter 2010

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

February 17, 2010

Homework 8 (Due 02-19-10)

Problem 1

Write a MATLAB function

function kbar = elestiff3(E,A,I,L,flag)

that calculates the 6x6 local element stiffness matrix k of a 2-D frame element (also called beam-column element) for

different moment release conditions at the element end (use if-statements), where

flag = 1: fixed-fixed; flag = 2: fixed-pinned, flag = 3: pinned-fixed, flag = 4: pinned-pinned (truss element)

fixed-fixed

0

EI 0

k= 3

L 0

0

1

0

12

6L 0 12 6L

6L 4L2 0 6L 2L2 EA 0

+

0

0

0

0

0

L 1

0

12 6L 0 12 6L

2

2

0

6L 2L

0 6L 4L

0 0 1 0 0

0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0

0 0 1 0 0

0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0

pinned-fixed

0 0

0 3

0 0

EI

k= 3

L 0 0

0 3

0 3L

fixed-pinned

0

0 0

0 3

3L

2

EI 0 3L 3L

k = 3

0

L 0 0

0 3 3L

0 0

0

2/17/2010 3:03 PM

0

0

0

0

0

3 0

3L 0 EA

+

.....

0

0

L

3

0

0

0

pinned-pinned (truss)

0 0

0 0

0 0

0 0

0 0

0 0

0

1

0

3L

3

0

0

0

+ EA

0

0

L 1

0

3

3L

2

0

3L 3L

0 0 1 0 0

0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0

0 0 1 0 0

0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0

EA 0

k=

L 1

0

0 0 1 0 0

0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0

0 0 1 0 0

0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0

19333

0

k =

-19333

0

23

2148

0

- 23

2148

0

2148

257777

0

- 2148

128888

-19333

0

0

19333

0

0

0

- 23

- 2148

0

23

- 2148

2148

128888

- 2148

257777

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\winter2010\hw8.doc

Winter Quarter 2010

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

19333

0

k =

-19333

0

5

1074

0

-5

0

0

1074

193333

0

-1074

0

-19333

0

0

19333

0

0

0

-5

-1074

0

5

0

function T = transele3(xs,xe,ys,ye)

that calculates the 6x6 transformation matrix of a 2-D frame element.

cos

T=

sin

sin cos 0

cos

sin

0 sin cos 0

Caution: As for the truss element, do not calculate the angle before calculating sin and cos . You should calculate sin and cos directly according to Eq. (5.38).

2/17/2010 3:03 PM

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\winter2010\hw8.doc

Winter Quarter 2010

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

Problem 2

F3

8

12 ft

EI = 106 k-ft2

F2

7

12 ft

16 ft

F1

1

30 ft

(a) Analyze the three-story frame in MATLAB using the 2-D frame element. Draw the bending moment, shear force and

axial force diagrams. You may use RISA but you need to show that your MATLAB results match those from RISA. Calculate the story drift ratios in %. Ignore axial deformation by assigning EA a large value (use EA = 108 ). The total base shear

is F = 600 k. Use what you learned in ARCE 371 to distribute the base shear to the floor levels. Floors 1 and 2 have identical weights, the roof weighs 50% of the floor.

Partial Solution

F3 = 187.5 k, M 26 = M 62 = 2614 k-ft(cw) , DR1 = 1.29 %

(b) Analyze the frame for pinned columns and determine the story drift ratios. You don't have to draw the internal force

diagrams.

(c) What is the required flexural stiffness EI of a grade beam 1-5 to limit the first story drift ratio of the frame to 1.5%.

Joints 1 and 5 are pinned as in (b).

Use the MATLAB function deflected_shape_frame(x,y,ns,ne,q,scale)(emailed to you) to plot the deflected shape of the three frame structure (use the same scale factor).

Submit: Handcalcs, diagrams, deflected shape (in short: decent documentation), no MATLAB.

2/17/2010 3:03 PM

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\winter2010\hw8.doc

Winter Quarter 2009

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

February 23, 2009

Homework 8-Solution

Problem 1

EI = 1000 kNm 2

EA = 500 kN 5

[m]

3

4.00

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

10

19

20

all forces

F = 10 kN

21

22

10 @1.00 m

50 k

II

E , A, I

3

III

4

1

30 ft

1 k/ft

6 ft

Solution :

IV

VI

12 ft

2 k/ft

j Node

4

5

6

3

2

5

6

11

3.00 m

0.50 m

8.00

i Node

1

4

5

6

1

2

2

Element

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

6.00

10 kN/m

4

R1x

= 19.79 k

R1y

=22.14 k

M1

R5x = 13.74 k

R5y = 18.60 k

R7x =14.47 k

R7y = 9.25 k

20 ft

Implement the "large value approach" to account for the boundary conditions into your MATLAB program and calculate

the support reactions of the above structures. Ignore axial deformation for structure 3.

2/25/2009 9:33 AM

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\Winter2009\hw8Sol.doc

Winter Quarter 2009

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

Problem 2

I

L

I1

x

BI 1

x

I

L

When using continuous girders in bridge design it is common to make the section at the interior supports significantly deeper than the sections in the span (see pictures). This practice results in architecturally more pleasing and more efficient

structures than using girders with uniform section depth. Since the region near the supports is stiffer than that near midspan,

the support "attracts" bending moment resulting in a larger support moment than for uniform moment of inertia along the

beam. The objective of this assignment is to quantify the relative increase in bending moment at the support compared to the

corresponding value for uniform stiffness ( M B 0 = wL2 / 8 ).

(1) Use the beam element implemented in MATLAB to analyze a two-span beam with varying second moment of inertia I .

For simplicity we work with piecewise constant moment of inertia as shown in the figure. Submit a single figure showing

the ratio M B / M B 0 (on the y - axis) as a function of the normalized length x / L (on the x - axis) where M B 0 and M B are the

bending moments at B for uniform and non-uniform moments of inertia, respectively. Plot four lines (for I 1 / I = 2, 4, 6, 8 )

and use 0 < x / L < 0.5 . Interpret the results.

(2) For I 1 / I =6 and L = 20 ft, x = 6 ft analyze the two-span beam by hand and draw the bending moment diagram. Make

sure your result matches that of (1).

Solution

1.8

1.7

MB

MB0

1.6

1.5

1.4

I1

= 2, 4, 6, 8

I

1.3

1.2

1.1

1

0

2/25/2009 9:33 AM

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5

x

L

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\Winter2009\hw8Sol.doc

Winter Quarter 2009

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

Base structure

w =1

x1

1.00

0.70

M1

M0

4.5

24.5 +

42.0

14 '

EI 11

EI 10

x1

1

1

0.72 14 +

(0.72 + 12 + 0.7 1.0) 6

3

63

1

1

= M 1M 0 dx = 42 0.7 14

42 (2 0.7 + 1) 6

3

66

1

1

= 24.5 0.7 14

4.5 (0.7 + 1) 6

3

63

= 236.58

MB

[]

236.58

= MA

=

= 78.4 k-ft(ans )

MB0

3.017

=

M1M1 dx

= 3.017

I1

= 2, 4, 6, 8

I

1.8

uniform I

1.7

2

1 20

wL

=

= 50.0 k-ft(ans )

8

8

MA

78.4

50.0

= 1.57 (ans )

1.6

hand calcs

1.5

1.4

1.3

1.2

1.1

1

0

2/25/2009 9:33 AM

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\Winter2009\hw8Sol.doc

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5

x

[]

L

Winter Quarter 2010

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

February 19, 2010

Homework 9 (Due 02-24-10)

Problem 1

EI = 1000 kNm 2

EA = 500 kN 5

[m]

8.00

i Node

1

4

5

6

1

2

2

Element

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

6.00

10 kN/m

4

j Node

4

5

6

3

2

5

6

4.00

Use the plane frame element to analyze the above structure in MATLAB. Draw the bending moment, shear force, and axial

force diagrams. Pay special attention to the member end conditions and use the given element definition:

Solution

(2)

80 kN

Problem 2

5

(3)

D035 = [25 20 34.17 25 20 34.17]T kN, kNm

5.00

10 kN/m

(4)

10 kN/m

F (7) = 25 kN

F (8) = 60 kN

4.00

F (9)

F (13) = 25 kN

[m]

F (14) = 100 kN

4.00

= 87.5 kNm

F (11) = 40 kN

EI = 1000 kNm

4.00

4.00

(5)

K18,18 = 2828 kNm

K18,3 = 353.5 kNm

K12,1 = 0

(6)

For the plane frame structure above, calculate (hand calcs):

K18,6 = 353.5 kNm

(1) The size of the structure stiffness matrix.

0

(2) The 6x1 element force vector D (fixed-end forces) of element 35 in local (element) coordinates.

(3) The 6x1 element force vector D0 (fixed-end forces) of element 35 in global (structure) coordinates.

(4) The non-zero components of the structure force vector (value and location).

(5) Elements K 18,18 , K 18,3 and K12,1 of the structure stiffness matrix.

(6) The element of the structure stiffness matrix that relates the rotation of node 2 to the moment at node 6.

2/19/2010 4:16 PM

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\winter2010\hw9.doc

Winter Quarter 2010

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

Problem 3

I

L

I1

x

BI 1

x

I

L

When using continuous girders in bridge design it is common to make the section at the interior supports significantly deeper than the sections in the span (see pictures). This practice results in architecturally more pleasing and more efficient

structures than using girders with uniform section depth. Since the region near the supports is stiffer than that near midspan,

the support "attracts" bending moment resulting in a larger support moment than for uniform moment of inertia along the

beam. The objective of this assignment is to quantify the relative increase in bending moment at the support compared to the

corresponding value for uniform stiffness ( M B 0 = wL2 / 8 ).

(1) Use the beam element implemented in MATLAB to analyze a two-span beam with varying second moment of inertia I .

For simplicity we work with piecewise constant moment of inertia as shown in the figure. Submit a single figure showing

the ratio M B / M B 0 (on the y - axis) as a function of the normalized length x / L (on the x - axis) where M B 0 and M B are the

bending moments at B for uniform and non-uniform moments of inertia, respectively. Plot four lines (for I 1 / I = 2, 4, 6, 8 )

and use 0 < x / L < 0.5 . Interpret the results.

(2) For I 1 / I =6 and L = 20 ft, x = 6 ft analyze the two-span beam by hand and draw the bending moment diagram. Make

sure your result matches that of (1).

Solution

1.8

1.7

MB

MB0

1.6

1.5

1.4

I1

= 2, 4, 6, 8

I

1.3

1.2

1.1

1

0

2/19/2010 4:16 PM

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5

x

L

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\winter2010\hw9.doc

Winter Quarter 2010

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

February 19, 2010

Homework 9-Solution

Problem 1

EI = 1000 kNm 2

EA = 500 kN 5

[m]

8.00

i Node

1

4

5

6

1

2

2

Element

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

6.00

10 kN/m

4

j Node

4

5

6

3

2

5

6

4.00

Use the plane frame element to analyze the above structure in MATLAB. Draw the bending moment, shear force, and axial

force diagrams. Pay special attention to the member end conditions and use the given element definition:

Solution

Dbar =

-0.23

42.40

74.40

0.23

17.60

17.60

-0.23

0

-17.60

0.23

0.00 -1.83

10.31

0.46

1.83

-10.31

-0.46

15.00

0

0.00

-15.00

0

0.00 -43.76

-17.60

-14.77

-74.41

17.60

14.77

0.69

7.29

43.76

-0.69

-7.29

-18.58

0

0

18.58

0

kN, kNm

0

15.0

10.3 C

C

10

17.6

62

= 45.0

8

17.6

0.2 T

[kNm]

0.7 C

17.6

43.8

18.6

74.4

17.6

0.2

0.5

7.3

[kN]

42.4

14.8

2/26/2010 12:47 PM

7.3

14.8

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\winter2010\hw9sol.doc

17.6

T

74.4

18.6

C

15.0

[kN]

Winter Quarter 2010

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

Problem 2

80 kN

5

5.00

10 kN/m

10 kN/m

4

4.00

3

6

4.00

[m]

EI = 1000 kNm2 2

4.00

y

x

4.00

(1) The size of the structure stiffness matrix.

(2) The 6x1 element force vector D0 (fixed-end forces) of element 35 in local (element) coordinates.

(3) The 6x1 element force vector D0 (fixed-end forces) of element 35 in global (structure) coordinates.

(4) The non-zero components of the structure force vector (value and location).

(5) Elements K 18,18 , K 18,3 and K12,1 of the structure stiffness matrix.

(6) The element of the structure stiffness matrix that relates the rotation of node 2 to the moment at node 6.

Some calculations

L35

= 41

5

sin

=

41

4

cos

=

41

41 m2

L235

w

= 10 kN/m

12

12

6.403 m

L35

w

= 10 kN/m

2

12

82 m 2

L234

w

= 10 kN/m

12

12

2/26/2010 12:47 PM

= 6.403 m

= 0.7809

= 0.6247

= 34.17 kNm

= 32.02 kN

= 53.33 kNm

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\winter2010\hw9sol.doc

Winter Quarter 2010

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

(1)

K = 18 x 18

(2)

D035 = [0 32.03 34.17 0 32.03 34.17]T

kN, kNm

(3)

32.03 sin = 32.03 0.7809

32.03 cos = 32.03 0.6247

= 25 kN

= 20 kN

(4)

F (7)

= 25 kN

F (8) = 40 20

= 60 kN

F (9)

F (11)

= 40 kN

F (12)

= 53.33 kNm

F (13)

= 25 kN

F (14)

= 20 80 = 100 kN

F (15)

= 34.17 kNm

(5)

4EI

L

2EI

=

L

=0

K18,18 = 4

K18,3

K12,1

4 1000

4 2

2 1000

=

4 2

= 4

= 2828 kNm

= 353.5 kNm

(6)

Moment at joint 6 (dof 18) due to unit rotation at joint 2 (dof 6)

K18,6 =

2EI

L

2/26/2010 12:47 PM

2 1000

4 2

= 353.5 kNm

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\winter2010\hw9sol.doc

Winter Quarter 2010

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

Problem 3

I

L

I1

x

BI 1

x

I

L

When using continuous girders in bridge design it is common to make the section at the interior supports significantly deeper than the sections in the span (see pictures). This practice results in architecturally more pleasing and more efficient

structures than using girders with uniform section depth. Since the region near the supports is stiffer than that near midspan,

the support "attracts" bending moment resulting in a larger support moment than for uniform moment of inertia along the

beam. The objective of this assignment is to quantify the relative increase in bending moment at the support compared to the

corresponding value for uniform stiffness ( M B 0 = wL2 / 8 ).

(1) Use the beam element implemented in MATLAB to analyze a two-span beam with varying second moment of inertia I .

For simplicity we work with piecewise constant moment of inertia as shown in the figure. Submit a single figure showing

the ratio M B / M B 0 (on the y - axis) as a function of the normalized length x / L (on the x - axis) where M B 0 and M B are the

bending moments at B for uniform and non-uniform moments of inertia, respectively. Plot four lines (for I 1 / I = 2, 4, 6, 8 )

and use 0 < x / L < 0.5 . Interpret the results.

(2) For I 1 / I =6 and L = 20 ft, x = 6 ft analyze the two-span beam by hand and draw the bending moment diagram. Make

sure your result matches that of (1).

Solution

1.8

1.7

MB

MB0

1.6

1.5

1.4

I1

= 2, 4, 6, 8

I

1.3

1.2

1.1

1

0

2/26/2010 12:47 PM

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5

x

L

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\winter2010\hw9sol.doc

Winter Quarter 2010

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

Solution

(1) MATLAB (code not shown here)

(2) Hand calculations for L = 20 ft, x = 6 ft

Use force method n=1=>one unknown

Slope deflection method appears to be more work here since structure is a sway structure due to the change in I =>

two unknowns

w =1

Base structure

x1

1.00

0.70

M1

M0

24.5 +

4.5

42.0

14 '

Displacements for base structure (consider only half of structure)

=

M1M1 dx

EI 10 =

M1M 0 dx

EI 11

x1

= MB

1

1

0.72 14 +

(0.72 + 12 + 0.7 1.0) 6 = 3.017

3

63

1

1

1

1

= 42 0.7 14

42 (2 0.7 + 1) 6 24.5 0.7 14

4.5 (0.7 + 1) 6

3

3

66

63

= 236.58

236.58

= 78.4 k-ft(ans )

3.017

uniform I

MB 0

MB

MB 0

MB

[]

MB0

I1

= 2, 4, 6, 8

I

1.8

1 202

wL2

=

=

= 50.0 k-ft(ans )

8

8

78.4

=

= 1.57 (ans )

50.0

1.7

1.6

hand calcs

1.5

1.4

1.3

1.2

1.1

1

0

2/26/2010 12:47 PM

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\winter2010\hw9sol.doc

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5

x

[]

L

Winter Quarter 2010

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

February 24, 2010

Homework 10 (Due 03-01-10)

Problem

System 1

E wall

= 1, 800 ksi

= 0.25

= 1 ft

rigid

rigid

rigid

System 2

E wall

= 1, 800 ksi

E steel

= 0.25

= 1 ft

Find the three forces F1, F2 , F3 and the lateral deflection of the two structural systems.

(a) by hand calculation. Use the force method and select the forces in the rigid links as the unknowns. Then show that the

forces are given as a function of the relative stiffness (rigidity) of the lateral force resisting elements.

3

Fi = 100 k ki / ki

i =1

Solution:

F1 = 67.7 k

F2 = 25.3 k

F3 = 7.0 k

= 0.012 in

System 1

F1 = 89.2 k

F2 = 0.7 k

F3 = 10.1 k

= 0.063 in

System 2

(b) using your MATLAB implementation of the 2-D frame element after adding shear deformation (flag 5). To avoid type

errors copy and paste the electronic version (has been emailed to you) of the statements into your function elestiff3.

Neglect shear and axial deformations in the moment frame. Consider the braced frame a truss.

2/24/2010 2:29 PM

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\winter2010\hw10.doc

Winter Quarter 2010

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

February 25, 2010

Homework 10-Solution

Problem

System 1

E wall

= 1, 800 ksi

= 0.25

= 1 ft

rigid

rigid

rigid

System 2

E wall

= 1, 800 ksi

E steel

= 0.25

= 1 ft

Find the three forces F1, F2 , F3 and the lateral deflection of the two structural systems.

(a) by hand calculation. Use the force method and select the forces in the rigid links as the unknowns. Then show that the

forces are given as a function of the relative stiffness (rigidity) of the lateral force resisting elements.

3

Fi = 100 k ki / ki

i =1

Solution:

F1 = 67.7 k

F2 = 25.3 k

F3 = 7.0 k

=0.012 in (System 1)

(b) using your MATLAB implementation of the 2-D frame element after adding shear deformation (flag 5). To avoid type

errors copy and paste the electronic version (has been emailed to you) of the statements into your function elestiff3.

Neglect shear and axial deformations in the moment frame. Consider the braced frame a truss.

2/24/2010 12:01 PM

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\winter2010\hw10Sol.doc

Winter Quarter 2010

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

SYSTEM 1

Deflections for each wall due to unit force

1

1

MM dx +

k VV dx

=

EI

GA

PL3 6 PL

=

+

3EI 5 GA

= 105 (0.6510+0.8681)

5

= 10

= 10

( 2.6667+1.3889)

( 12.3457+2.3148)

= 1.519 105 ft

5

= 4.056 10

ft

= 14.661 10

11

= W1 + W2

= 5.575 105

22

= W2 + W3

= 1.872 104

12

= W2

= 4.056 105

10

= 100 W1

= 1.519 103

=0

=

x = 32.3 k, x = 7.0 k

1

2

0.04055

0.1872 x 2 0

F1 = 100 32.3

= 67.7 k (ans )

F2 = 32.3 7.0

= 25.7 k (ans )

F3 =

= 7.0 k(ans )

Deflection of wall

= 67.7 1.519 105 ft = 0.00103 ft = 0.012 in (ans )

2/24/2010 12:01 PM

wall 2

ft wall 3

20

wall 1

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\winter2010\hw10Sol.doc

Winter Quarter 2010

Direct approach using relative stiffness

1

K

=

= 65828 k/ft

F1

F2

F3

wall 1

= 24657 k/ft

wall 2

= 6821 k/ft

wall 3

= 97307 k/ft

65828

97307

24657

= 100 k

97307

6821

= 100 k

97307

= 100 k

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

67.7 k

65828k/ft

= 67.7 k (ans )

= 25.3 k (ans )

= 7.0 k (ans )

25.3 k

24657 k/ft

10.1 k

6821 k/ft

2/24/2010 12:01 PM

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\winter2010\hw10Sol.doc

Winter Quarter 2010

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

SYSTEM 2

Deflections for each wall due to unit force

Shear wall

GA

= 720 144 10 1

EI

= 1800 144

= 1, 036, 800 k

1

103 1

12

1

1

MM dx +

k VV dx

EI

GA

PL3 6 PL

+

=

3EI 5 GA

1 143

6 1 14

=

+

3 21, 600, 000

5 1, 036, 800

=

1

1

=

= 17, 080 k/ft

Moment frame

EI

= 29, 000 425 / 144 = 85, 590 k-ft2

1

MM dx

EI

1 1 2

1

7 14 2 + 72 5 2

=

EI 3

3

=

620.667 ft3

85, 590 k-ft2

= 0.007252 ft/k

1

1

=

= 137.9 k/ft

0.007252 ft/k

Braced frame

for the braced frame, we can calculate the stiffness directly

EA

29, 000 3.38

102

k=

cos2 =

2

2 = 1925 k/ft

L

102 + 142 10 + 14

2/24/2010 12:01 PM

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\winter2010\hw10Sol.doc

Winter Quarter 2010

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

11

22

= 0.07252 +

12

10

= 0.007310

1

= 0.07252 + 0.5195 103 = 0.007771

1925

= 0.007252

= 0.005855

20

=0

x = 10.8 k, x = 10.1 k

1

2

x =

0

0.007252 0.007771 2

F1 = 100 10.8

= 89.2 k (ans )

F3 = 10.1 k(ans )

100 k

10.8 k

89.2 k

10.1 k

10.8 k

10.1 k

0.7 k

Deflection of wall

= 89.2 0.05855 103 ft = 0.00502 ft = 0.063 in (ans )

2/24/2010 12:01 PM

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\winter2010\hw10Sol.doc

10.1 k

Winter Quarter 2010

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

F1

F2

F3

17, 080

= 89.2 k (ans )

17, 080 + 137.9 + 1925

137.9

= 100 k

= 0.72 k (ans )

17, 080 + 137.9 + 1925

1925

= 100 k

= 10.1 k (ans )

17, 080 + 137.9 + 1925

= 100 k

89.2 k

17080 k/ft

0.72 k

137.9 k/ft

10.1 k

1925 k/ft

2/24/2010 12:01 PM

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\winter2010\hw10Sol.doc

Winter Quarter 2010

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

March 1, 2010

Homework 11 (Due 03-03-10)

Problem

Wall 1

Wall 4

Rigid

Diaphragm

Wall 2

Wall 3

E wall

= 1, 800 ksi

= 0.25

= 6 in

You are working with a somewhat eccentric architect on a single-story (cantilever) shear wall building and asked to

evaluate its seismic behavior.

Find the 3x3 stiffness matrix in units of kips and inches with respect to the three degrees-of-freedom u, v, shown.

(1) Use unit displacements along the three global degrees-of-freedom (as learned early this quarter) to find the global

stiffness matrix directly (hand analysis).

(2) Use local degrees-of-freedom u1, v1, u2 , v2 , u3 , v3 , u 4 , v4 defined somewhere along each wall along the global directions,

corresponding local wall stiffnesses and transformation matrices (hand analysis, except matrix products for which you can

use MATLAB). You may want to explain to yourself why it doesn't matter where along the wall you define the local dofs.

The story height is 14 ft. Ignore any out-of-plane stiffness of the shear walls.

Solution

108,794

-130,553

0

126,137

- 3,043,679

-130,553

- 3,043,679 units: kips and feet

205,736,880

0

10,511

- 3,043,679

-130,553

- 3,043,679 units: kips and inches

2.469 109

or

9,066

-130,553

3/3/2010 6:52 AM

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\winter2010\hw11.doc

Winter Quarter 2010

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

March 1, 2010

Homework 11-Solution

Problem

Wall 1

Wall 4

Rigid

Diaphragm

Wall 2

Wall 3

E wall

= 1, 800 ksi

= 0.25

= 6 in

You are working with a somewhat eccentric architect on a single-story (cantilever) shear wall building and asked to

evaluate its seismic behavior.

Find the 3x3 stiffness matrix in units of kips and inches with respect to the three degrees-of-freedom u, v, shown.

(1) Use unit displacements along the three global degrees-of-freedom (as learned early this quarter) to find the global

stiffness matrix directly (hand analysis).

(2) Use local degrees-of-freedom u1, v1, u2 , v2 , u3 , v3 , u 4 , v4 defined somewhere along each wall along the global directions,

corresponding local wall stiffnesses and transformation matrices (hand analysis, except matrix products for which you can

use MATLAB). You may want to explain to yourself why it doesn't matter where along the wall you define the local dofs.

The story height is 14 ft. Ignore any out-of-plane stiffness of the shear walls.

Solution

108,794

-130,553

0

126,137

- 3,043,679

-130,553

- 3,043,679 units: kips and feet

205,736,880

0

10,511

- 3,043,679

-130,553

- 3,043,679 units: kips and inches

2.469 109

or

9,066

-130,553

3/4/2010 1:04 PM

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\winter2010\hw11sol.doc

Winter Quarter 2010

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

Fx

=0

= 2 k1 = 2 54397

= 108, 794 k/ft

Fy = 0

=0

Mz

+ 40 0.8 0.6 k1

= 2.4 k1 = 2.4 54, 397

= 130, 553 k-ft/ft

Fx = 0

Fy = 0

K12 = K 21 = 0

K 22 = k2 + 0.6 0.6 k1 + 0.8 0.8 k1

= k2 + k1 = 54, 397 + 71, 740

= 126,137 k/ft

Mz

30 0.6 0.8 k1

= 40 k2 3.2 k1 = 40 71, 740 3.2 54, 397

= 3, 043, 670 k-ft/ft

Fx = 0

Fy = 0

Mz = 0

K13 = K 31

K 23 = K 32

K 33 = 402 k2 + 302 k1 + 30 0.8 24 k1 + 40 0.8 14 k1

30 0.6 14 k1

= 1600 k2 + 1672 k1 = 1600 71, 740 + 1924 54, 397

= 205, 736, 000 k-ft/rad

108,800

-130,600

0

126,100

- 3,044,000

-130,600

- 3,044,000 units: kips and feet

205,700,000

0

10,510

- 3,044,000

-130,600

- 3,044,000 units: kips and inches

2.469 109

or

9,066

-130,600

3/4/2010 1:04 PM

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\winter2010\hw11sol.doc

Winter Quarter 2010

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

Use units of kips and feet

Displacement due to unit force

1

1

=

MM dx +

k VV dx

EI

GA

PL3 6 PL

+

=

3EI 5 GA

= 1.838 105 ft for walls 1,3,4

= 1.394 105 ft for wall 2

1 0

54, 397

k1 =

0

0

0 0

71, 740

k2 =

0

1

0.82

0.8 0.6

34814

-26110

k3 =

=

54,

397

0.8 0.6

0.62

0.62

0.8 0.6

19583

k4 =

54, 397

= 26110

2

0.8 0.6

0.8

- 26110

19583

26110

34814

Transformation matrices

0

- 30

1

T1 =

0

1

0

0

0

1

T2 =

0

1

-40

0

15

1

T3 =

0

1

- 20

0

- 30

1

T4 =

1

40

0

3/4/2010 1:04 PM

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\winter2010\hw11sol.doc

Winter Quarter 2010

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

54397

0

k1 =

-1631923

k2 =

0

0

0

-1631923

0

48957717

0

0

0

0

71740

- 2869608

0

- 2869608

114784320

34814

k 3 = - 26110

1044431

- 26110

19583

- 783323

19583

k 4 = 26110

456938

26110

34814

609251

1044431

- 783323

31332939

456938

609251

10661902

108,794k/ft

0

K = k1 + k 2 + k 3 + k 4 =

-130,553k - ft/ft

0

-130,553 k/rad

(ans)

126,137 k/ft

- 3,043,679 k/rad

or

9,066

0

K =

-130,600

0

10,510

- 3,044,000

-130,600

- 3,044,000 units: kips and inches

2.469 109

3/4/2010 1:04 PM

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\winter2010\hw11sol.doc

Winter Quarter 2010

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

March 5, 2010

Homework 12 (Due 03-10-10)

q2

q2

q1

q1

EI = const.

EI = const.

EI = const.

(a)

q2

q1

(c)

(b)

(1) For the above frame structures, use MATLAB to find the stiffness matrix with respect to the two degrees-of-freedom

shown using static condensation.

(2) If the girders of structure (b) are considered rigid find the stiffness matrix with respect to the degrees-of-freedom shown

by hand (think).

(3) For structures (a) and (c), use hand calculation to find the flexibility matrix F with respect to the degrees-of-freedom

shown. Show that the stiffness and flexibility matrices are inverse to each other.

Neglect axial deformation for all structures.

Solution

(1)

(Str. a) K =

EI 7.407 3.704

3.704

100 3.704

1.312 0.937

(Str. c) K = EI

0.937

1.312

(2)

1.111 0.888

K = EI

0.888

0.888

(3)

1 27.00 27.00

(Str. a) F =

EI 27.00 54.00

0.7171

(Str. b) K = EI

0.4646

(Str. c) F =

1

EI

1.556 1.111

1.111 1.556

Kfree

Kee

Krr

Kre

Ker

=

=

=

=

=

K(free,free);

Kfree(e,e);

Kfree(r,r);

Kfree(r,e);

Kfree(e,r);

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\winter2010\hw12.doc

3/5/2010 1:19 PM

0.4646

0.3636

Winter Quarter 2010

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

March 9, 2010

ARCE 306: MATRIX STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS

q2

q1

q2

q1

EI = const.

EI = const.

EI = const.

(a)

q2

q1

(c)

(b)

(1) For the above frame structures, use MATLAB to find the stiffness matrix with respect to the degrees-of-freedom shown.

(2) If the girders of structure (b) are considered rigid find the stiffness matrix with respect to the degrees-of-freedom by

hand (think).

(3) For structures (a) and (c), use hand calculation to find the flexibility matrix F with respect to the degrees-of-freedom

shown.

Neglect axial deformation for all structures.

Solution

(1)

(Str. a) K =

EI 7.407 3.704

3.704

100 3.704

1.312 0.937

(Str. c) K = EI

0.937

1.312

(2)

1.111 0.888

K = EI

0.888

0.888

(3)

1 27.00 27.00

(Str. a) F =

EI 27.00 54.00

0.7171

(Str. b) K = EI

0.4646

(Str. c) F =

1

EI

Kfree

Kee

Krr

Kre

Ker

=

=

=

=

=

K(free,free);

Kfree(e,e);

Kfree(r,r);

Kfree(r,e);

Kfree(e,r);

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\winter2010\hw12Sol.doc

3/8/2010 1:06 PM

0.4646

0.3636

1.556 1.111

1.111 1.556

Winter Quarter 2010

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

Solution

(2)

q1 = 1, q2 = 0

12 EI / H

12 EI / H 3

+3 EI / H 3

12 EI / H 3

+3 EI / H 3

3 EI / H 3

K 22

K12

K

12 EI / H 3

K11

K 21

q1 = 0, q2 = 1

12 EI / H 3

K11

12 EI / H 3

12 EI / H 3 12 EI / H 3

3 EI / H 3

3EI 12EI

3EI 12EI 30 EI

3 + 3 =

= 2 3 +

=

= 1.111 EI

2

3

H 1

27

H 23

3

24 EI

12EI

= 2

=

= 0.888 EI

3

27

H2

12 EI

24 EI

= 2

=

= 0.888 EI

3

27

H2

1.111 0.888

(ans )

= EI

0.888

0.888

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\winter2010\hw12Sol.doc

3/8/2010 1:06 PM

12

22

Winter Quarter 2010

Instructor: Ansgar Neuenhofer

(3)

Structure (a)

EI 11

P =1

M 1 dx

1

= 32 (3.00 + 6.00)

3

= 27.00

EI 22

M1

M 2 dx

1

EI

M2

M 2 dx

3

+

1

= 32 (3.00 + 6.00)

3

= 27.00

1 2

3 (3.00 + 6.00) 2

3

= 54.00

=

P =1

EI 12

27.00 27.00

Structure (c)

1

1

1

0.52 3 2 + (0.52 + 0.8332 0.5 0.8333) 2 + (0.52 + 0.8332 0.5 0.8333) 4

3

3

3

= 1.556

EI 11 =

EI 22 = EI 11

= 1.556

EI 12 = EI 21

1

1

1

0.52 3 2 + [0.5 (2 0.5 0.8333) + 0.1667 (2 0.8333 0.500)] 2 2 + [0.83333 (2 0.1667 + 0.8333)] 2 2

3

6

6

= 1.111

P =1

=

0.5000

1

EI

1.556 1.111

0.5000

0.5000

0.5000

0.1667

0.8333

M1

Note:

Moment diagrams are result of indeterminate

analysis (details

not shown).

P =1

0.5000

0.5000

0.5000

0.1667

M2

0.8333

C:\calpoly\arce306\homework\winter2010\hw12Sol.doc

3/8/2010 1:06 PM

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