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# UPCAT REVIEWER

PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION

1
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UPCAT REVIEWER
PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION
1. Find the contrapositive of the following statement. If a figure has three sides, it is a triangle.
(A) If a figure does not have three sides, it is a triangle.
(B) If a figure is a triangle, then it does not have three sides
(C) If a figure is not a triangle, then it does not have three sides.
(D) If a figure has three sides, it is not a triangle.
Solution:
Recall:
The contrapositive of the statement If p then q is If not q then not p
So the contrapositive of If a figure has three sides, it is a triangle is
If a figure is not a triangle, then it does not have three sides

2. Solve for x:

x6 x 4

(A) no solution

(B) 100

(C) 5

(D)

25
16

Solution:

x6 x 4

transpose

x6 4 x

## get the square of both sides

x to the right

2
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UPCAT REVIEWER
PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION
x 6 16 8 x x
8 x 10
x
x

5
4

## get the square of both sides

25
16

Checking:

x6 x 4
25
25 ?
6
4
16
16
25 96
25 ?

4
16
16
121
25 ?

4
16
16
11 5 ?

4
4 4
16 ?
4
4
44

3
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UPCAT REVIEWER
PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION
3. Find the length of diagonal AC in the rectangular solid shown. Dimensions are in feet.
C

2
A
(A) 29 d

d
(B) 7 d ft

ft

(C)

29 d 2 ft

(D)

7 d ft

Solution:

2
A

d 5 AB
2

AB d 2 25
5

## Now, we apply the Pythagorean Theorem to ABC

AB 2 BC 2 AC 2

4
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UPCAT REVIEWER
PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION

25 2 2 AC

AC 2

d 2 29

AC d 2 29
2

4. The area of a regular octagon is 30cm . What is the area of a regular octagon with sides four
times as large?
2

(A) 545 cm

(B) 480 cm

(C) 3600 cm

(D) 120 cm

Solution:
Given: A1 30 cm 2

A2 ?
s2
4
s1

s2 4s1 or
A2 s2

A1 s1

A2
42
A1

A2 16 A1
A2 16 30
A2 480 cm 2

5
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UPCAT REVIEWER
PRACTICE TEST 1

5. Simplify:
(A) -4

3 7

3 7

(B) 58

SOLUTION
(C) 10

(D) -40

Solution:

3 7

3 7

3 7

Recall:

a b a b a 2 b 2

37
4

6. If the sum of the roots of x 2 3 x 5 0 is added to the product of its roots, the result is
(A) -2

(B) -8

(C) -15

(D) 15

6
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UPCAT REVIEWER
PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION
Solution:

## The roots of ax 2 bx c 0 using quadratic formula

are:

Recall:

b b 2 4ac
b b 2 4ac
and
2a
2a

ax 2 bx c 0 , where a 0

b
Sum of roots =
a

Sum of roots =
Why?

c
Product of roots =
a

## In x 2 3 x 5 0 a=1, b=3, and c=-5

So
Sum of roots =

3
= -3
1

5
Product of roots =
= -5
1
Sum + Product of roots = (-3) + (-5) = -8

b b 2 4ac b b 2 4ac
+
2a
2a

2b
2a

b
a

product of roots =

b b 2 4ac b b 2 4ac

2
a
2
a

b b 2 4ac

2a 2

b 2 b 2 4ac

2a 2

4ac
4a 2

c
a

7
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UPCAT REVIEWER
PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION
7. The roots of the equation 2 x 2 x 4 are
(A) real, rational, and unequal
(B) real and irrational
(C) real, rational, and equal
(D) imaginary
Solution:
Express 2 x 2 x 4 in the form ax 2 bx c 0 , and compute the discriminant b 2 4 ac
The b2 4ac term is called the discriminant and it helps to determine how many and what kind of roots
you see in the solution
2

Value of b 4ac

Is it a perfect square?

b2 4ac > 0

yes

b2 4ac > 0

no

## 2 real roots, irrational

b2 4ac < 0

not possible

2 imaginary roots

b2 4ac = 0

not possible

1 real root

So 2 x 2 x 4 becomes 2 x 2 x 4 0 , a = 2, b = -1, c = -4

b 2 4ac 1 42 4 33
2

The result is 33 which is greater than zero and not a perfect square.
therefore the roots are real and irrational.

8
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UPCAT REVIEWER
PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION
8. Which statement must be true if a parabola represented by the equation y ax bx c does not
2

## intersect the x-axis?

(A) b 4ac 0, and b 2 4ac is not a perfect square
2

## (B) b 4ac 0, and b 2 4ac is a perfect square

2

(C) b 2 4ac 0
(D) b 2 4ac 0

Solution:
To get the x-intercept/s of y ax bx c we let y = 0, and solve for x.
2

y ax2 bx c does not intersect the x-axis when the roots of ax 2 bx c 0 are not real or
imaginary.
That happens when b 2 4ac 0

9
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UPCAT REVIEWER
PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION
0
3
9. The value of
2
27 3

is

(A) 9

(B)

1
9

(C) 9

(D)

1
9

Solution:

0
3
2
27 3

27 3

27 3

27

32

9
5

(A) 2 y 5

(B) 32y

(C) y

(D) 10y

Solution:
5

## The last term in the expansion of x 2 y is

which is equal to

2 y 5

32 y 5

10
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UPCAT REVIEWER
PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION
11. The larger root of the equation x 3x 4 0 is
(A) -3

(B) -4

(C) 4

(D) 3

Solution:

x 3x 4 0
x 3 0 or x 4 0
x 3 or x 4

## The larger of -3 and 4 is 4.

12. Express

(A)

1
1
as a single fraction.
x 1 x

2x 3
x2 x

(B)

2x 1
x2 x

(C)

2
2x 1

(D)

3
x2

Solution:

1
1 x x 1

x 1 x
xx 1

2x 1
xx 1

2x 1
x2 x

11
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UPCAT REVIEWER
PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION
13. Ano ang kabuuan ng walang katapusang geometric series na

(A) 8.75

(B) 9.75

(C) 4.75

(D) 7.75

Solution:
Let

x 3.1 0.6 x

0.4 x 3.1
x

3.1
0.4

31
or 7.75
4

## We can also use the formula S n

Sn

3 .1
1 0 .6

Sn

3.1 31

7.75
0 .4 4

a1
, where a1 = first term and r = common ratio
1 r

12
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UPCAT REVIEWER
PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION
14. Which equation represents a hyperbola?
(A) y 16x 2

(B) y 16 x 2

(D) y

(C) y 2 16 x 2

16
x

Solution:
(A) y 16x 2 is a parabola

Recall:
The graph of the quadratic function

y ax 2 bx c , where a, b, and c
are constants and a 0 , is a
parabola that opens upward if a>0,
and a parabola that opens downward
if a<0.
(B) y 16 x 2 is also a parabola and it opens downward.
(C) y 2 16 x 2 can be expressed as x 2 y 2 16 .
Therefore it is a circle.

Recall:
The graph of the equation

x h 2 y k 2 r 2 is a circle
whose radius is r and center is (h,k)

(D) y

16
Its graph is a hyperbola.
x

Recall:
If y varies inversely as x, then y

k
, where k
x

## is a constant of variation and its graph is a

hyperbola. (in y

16
,k=16)
x

13
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UPCAT REVIEWER
PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION
x
15. Which expression is equivalent to the complex fraction x 2 ?
x
1
x2
2x
2x
2
x
(B)
(C) 2
(D)
(A)
2
x2
x 4
x
Solution:

x
x 2 x 2
x x 2 x 2 x

1
x 2

x
2

16. What is the radian measure of the angle formed by the hands of the clock at 2:00 pm?
(A)

Solution:

(B)

(C)

(D)

## The degree measure formed by the hands of the

clock at 2:00 is 60O. To convert 60O to radian
measure, multiply 60O by
60 O

.
180

O
3
180

14
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UPCAT REVIEWER
PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION
17. The expression 15 3[2 + 6(3)] simplifies to
(A) -45

(B) -33

(C) 63

(D) 192

Solution:

15 32 6 3 15 32 18
15 3 16
15 48
63
3

## 18. Ano ang halaga ng

m 1

2m 1

m 1

(A) 15

(B) 55

(C) 57

(D) 245

Solution:
3

2 m 1

m 1

3 0 51 7 2

m 1

1 5 49
55

15
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UPCAT REVIEWER
PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION
19. Ang pagsusulit sa asignaturang HEKASI ay may 10 katanungan na nagkakahalaga ng 5 puntos bawat isa, 7
mga katanungan na nagkakahalaga ng 6 na puntos sa bawat isa, at 4 na mga katanungan na
nagkakahalaga ng 2 puntos sa bawat isa. Wala sa mga tanong na ito ang bibigyan ng bahagyang kredito.
Gaano karaming mga puntos sa pagitan ng 0 at 100 ang imposibleng iskor?
(A) 3

(B) 2

(C) 4

(D) 7

Solution:

There are 10 questions worth 5 points each so multiples of 5 including 0 up to 50 are possible
scores. [5x0=0, 5x1=5, 5x2=10,,5x10=50].We encircle the numbers.
5
1
2
3
4
6
7
8
9
10
15
20
11
12
13
14
16
17
18
19
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
35
40
31
32
33
34
36
37
38
39
50
45
41
42
43
44
46
47
48
49

51
61
71
81
91

52
62
72
82
92

53
63
73
83
93

54
64
74
84
94

55
65
75
85
95

56
66
76
86
96

57
67
77
87
97

58
68
78
88
98

59
69
79
89
99

60
70
80
90
100

We add multiples of 6 from 6 to 42 to the encircled numbers because there are 7 question worth 6
points each. We underline the resulting numbers.
5
1
2
3
4
6
7
8
15
11
12
13
14
16
17
18
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
35
31
32
33
34
36
37
38
45
41
42
43
44
46
47
48
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98

9
19
29
39
49
59
69
79
89
99

10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100

16
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UPCAT REVIEWER
PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION

We add multiples of 2 from 2 to 8 to the encircled numbers and also to the underlined numbers
because there are 4 questions worth 2 points each. We highlight the resulting numbers.

1
11
21
31
41
51
61
71
81
91

2
12
22
32
42
52
62
72
82
92

3
13
23
33
43
53
63
73
83
93

4
14
24
34
44
54
64
74
84
94

5
15
25
35
45
55
65
75
85
95

6
16
26
36
46
56
66
76
86
96

7
17
27
37
47
57
67
77
87
97

8
18
28
38
48
58
68
78
88
98

9
19
29
39
49
59
69
79
89
99

10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100

If the number is not encircled, highlighted or underlined then the number is an impossible score. The
impossible scores between 0 and 100 are 1, 3, 97, and 99.
There are four impossible scores between 0 and 100.

17
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UPCAT REVIEWER
PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION
20. Ang isang malaking istante ng libro ay maaaring naglalaman sa pagitan ng 57 at 564 na mga libro.
Eksaktong 1

## ay librong matematika at eksaktong 1 ay librong physics. Ano ang positibong kaibahan

sa pagitan ng pinakamataas at ang pinakamaliit na posibleng bilang ng mga libro na maaaring nakaimbak sa istante?
(A) 468

(B) 486

(C) 504

(D) 522

Solution:
Eksaktong 1

## eksaktong 1 ay librong physics the number of books in Physics is divisible by 9

Number of Math and Physics books combined is divisible by both 6 and 9. Therefore, total number of
books is divisible by 18.
The smallest number more than 57 that is divisible by 18 is 72.
The largest number less than 564 that is divisible by 18 is 558.
The difference between the largest and smallest possible number of books is 558 72 = 486

18
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UPCAT REVIEWER
PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION
21. Simplify: 2
(A)

5
3
60 5
3
5

29 15
15

(B)

7 15
3

(C)

7 15
15

(D)

29 15
3

Solution:

5
3

First term: 2

2 5
3

2 5
3

3
3

2 15
3

## , Multiply the numerator and denominator by

to rationalize.

Second Term : 60
4 15
4 15
2 15
Third term: 5

3
5

5 3
5

5
5

19
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UPCAT REVIEWER
PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION

5 15
5

15

5
3 2 15
60 5

2 15 15
3
5
3

LCD is 3

7 15
3

22. Given: R is the midpoint of MS

TR MS
If you outlined a proof that shows TM TS , which would NOT be used?
T

R
S
(A) TMR TSR by the SAS congruency postulate
(B) TM TS by CPCTC
(C) TMR TSR by the ASA congruency postulate
(D)
T

20
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UPCAT REVIEWER
PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION
Solution:
Below is a proof that shows TM TS
Statement
1. R is the midpoint of MS

Reason
1. Given

2. MR RS

## 2. A midpoint cuts a segment into two

congruent segments
3. Given

3. TR MS
4. MRT and SRT are right angles
5. MRT SRT

## 4. lines form right s

5. All right s are

6. TR TR

6. reflexive

7. TMR TSR
8. TM TS

7. SAS
8. CPCTC

S
A
S

## All of the choices were used to prove that

TM TS
EXCEPT (C) TMR TSR by the ASA congruency postulate

21
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UPCAT REVIEWER
PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION
23. Refer to the figure shown. State the congruency postulate that can be used to prove that

TUV WXV .
Given: TV WV

and UV XV
U

X
(A) SSS

(B) SAS

(C) ASA

(D) AAS

Solution:

TUV WXV
Included angle and two included sides are congruent. Therefore by SAS

22
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UPCAT REVIEWER
PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION
24. Find OM if LO bisects NLM , LM 20 , NO 3 , . and LN 5 .
N
O
L
(A) 10.23

M
(B) 0.75

(C) 12

(D) 33.33

Solution:

OM NO

LM LN

OM 3

20 5

OM 12

23
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UPCAT REVIEWER
PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION
25. What value of x will give the maximum value for 7 x 2 7 x 3 ?
(A) 0

(B) 1

(C)

1
2

(D)

3
2

Solution:

Recall:

2
Let y 7 x 7 x 3

In y ax 2 bx c , the vertex is h, k

a 7 , b 7 , c 3

## If a is positive then h will give the minimum

value for y , and the minimum value is equal

to k .

b
2a

## If a is negative then h will give the maximum

value for y , and the maximum value is equal
to k .

7
14
1
, will give the maximum value
2

b
,
h
2a

4ac b 2
k
4a

for 7 x 2 7 x 3 .

24
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UPCAT REVIEWER
PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION
26. Written in simplest form

(A) 1

(B) 0

(C)

x2 y 4
is
4 x2 y

x2 y 4
4 x2 y

(D) -1

Solution:

x2 y 4
x2 y 4

4 x2 y x2 y 4

1
27. Which expression is equivalent to

(A)

9
5

(B) -1

(C)

7 2
?
7 2

9 2 14
5

(D)

11 2
14

Solution:
Multiply the numerator and denominator by the conjugate of the denominator.
The conjugate of

7 2
7 2

7 2 is

7 2
7 2

7 2

7 2 14 2
72

9 2 14
5

25
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UPCAT REVIEWER
PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION
28. Given two lines whose equations are 3 x y 8 0 and 2 x ky 9 0 , determine the value of k
such that the two lines are perpendicular.
(A)

2
3

(B) 6

(C) 8

(D) 9

Solution:
Recall:
In y mx b , m is the slope of the line
Two lines are perpendicular if their slopes are
negative reciprocals of each other.
or if the product of their slopes is equal to -1.

## We express 3 x y 8 0 in the form y mx b , the result is y 3 x 8

So its slope is -3.
We express 2 x ky 9 0 in the form y mx b , the result is y

2
9
x
k
k

2
So its slope is k .
We get the product of their slopes and equate to -1.

## 3 2 1 , if we solve for k, the answer is

k

k 6

26
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UPCAT REVIEWER
PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION
29. Solve for x: 256 2 x 64 x 2
(A)

6
11

(B)

6
5

(C)

1
5

(D) 0

Solution:
Express both sides of the equation in the same base

256 2 x 64 x2

44

2x

4 4
8x

43
3 x 6

8x 3x 6

x2

## Recall: law of exponent for

powers

a
m

a mn

5 x 6
x

6
5

27
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UPCAT REVIEWER
PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION
30. Find the square root of x 4 2 x 3 5 x 2 4 x 4 .
(A) x 2 x 2

(B) x 2 2 x 2

(C) x 2 3 x 2

(D) x 2 2

Solution:

x2

x 4 2 x 3 5x 2 4x 4

31. The product of the square roots of two consecutive positive numbers is 2 14 , what is their sum?
(A) 15
(B) 17
(C) 19
(D) 21

Solution:
Let x and x 1 be the two consecutive positive numbers.

x x 1 2 14

x x 1 4 14 56

x x 1 56

, so x 7 because 7(7+1) = 56

The two consecutive positive numbers are 7 and 8. Their sum is 15.

28
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UPCAT REVIEWER
PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION
32. Given the formula C
(A) 15

(B) 17

5
F 32 ; find F when C is 20.
9
(C) 68

(D) 21

Solution:

5
F 32
9

20

5
F 32
9

## multiply both sides by

9
5

9
9 5
20 F 32
5
5 9

36 F 32
F 68

29
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UPCAT REVIEWER
PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION
33. What number added to 6% of itself equals 31.8?
(A)29.892
(B) 31.74
(C)30
(D) 31

Solution:
Let

be the number

x 0.06 x 31.8

1.06 x 31.8
x

31.8
1.06

x 30

30
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UPCAT REVIEWER
PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION
34. Perform the indicated operations: 2a 3 3aa 2 3 a
2

(A) 2

(B) 0

(C) -3

(D) 2a

Solution:

2a 32 3aa 2 3 a 2

4a 2 12 a 9 3a 2 6a a 2 6a 9

4a 2 12 a 9
3a 2 6a
a 2 6a 9
0
35. What must be the value of m if x 5 is a factor of 2 x 2 mx 35 ?
(A) 3

(B) 5

(C) 7

(D) 10

Solution:
Let f ( x) 2 x 2 mx 35

## x 5 is a factor of f ( x) 2 x 2 mx 35 when f (5) 0 [We use the Remainder Theorem]

So f (5) 25 5m 35
2

15 5m
15 5m 0 m 3

31
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UPCAT REVIEWER
PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION
36. Reduce

(A)

ba
b
b
2
to a single fraction in its lowest terms.
ba
a a b

a 2b
b

(B)

2a b
a

(C)

a 2b
a

(D)

2a b
b

Solution:

ba
b
b
2

ba
a a b , we distribute -2

b a 2b
2b

ba a ab
ba
ab
is also equal to
ab
ba

2b 2b a b

a a b a b

## Similar fractions, [they have the

same denominators] so we
combine the numerators.

2b 2b (a b)

a
a b

2b b a

a a b

2b b a

a ba

32
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UPCAT REVIEWER
PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION

2b a

a a

a
a

a 2b
a

(A) 2 x 3

(B) 2 x 3

(C) 2 x 3

(D) 2 x 3

2x 3

Solution:

## Step 5.Divide 3x 2 by x 2 , the result is 3

2x 3
x 2 3x 2 2 x 3 3x 2 5 x 6
2x3 6x2 4x

## Step 2.Multiply 2 x by x 2 3 x 2 , the

result is 2 x 6 x 4 x
3

## Step 1.Divide 2x 3 by x 2 , the result is 2 x

Step 4.Bring down +6

3x 2 9 x 6
3x 9 x 6
2

## Step 3.Subtract 2 x 3 6 x 2 4 x from

2 x 3 3 x 2 5 x 6 , the result is

3x 2 9 x

## Step 6.Multiply 3 by x 2 3 x 2 , the result

is 3 x 2 9 x 6
Step 7.Subtract 3 x 2 9 x 6 from

## 3 x 2 9 x 6 , the result is 0, there is no

remainder.

33
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UPCAT REVIEWER
PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION
38. Ang mga bahay sa Tinio Street ay may sunud-sunod na bilang mula 1 hanggang 447. Ilang tanso na
numero ang kailangan upang magawa ang lahat ng bilang ng mga bahay ?
(A) 1232

(B) 1231

(C) 1236

(D) 1233

Solution:

39. Solve for x:
(A) 4

7x 1
3
x 11 x 25 34
5 14
7

(B) 11

(C) 18

(D) 25

Solution:

7x 1
3
x 11 x 25 34
5 14
7

70 7 x

## multiply both sides by 70 = LCD

1
x 11 70 3 x 25 34
14

5
98 x 5 x 11 30 x 25 2380
98x 5x 55 30 x 750 2380
93x 55 30 x 1630
63x 1575
x 25

distribute 70

34
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UPCAT REVIEWER
PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION
40. The length of a room is 8 feet greater than its width; if each dimension is increased by 2 feet, the area
will be increased by 60 square feet. Find the area of the floor.
(A) 65

(B) 105

(C) 153

(D) 180

Solution:

x8

Area = x x 8

x 10

x2

New Area = x 2 x 10 x x 8 60

x 2x 10 xx 8 60
x 2 12 x 20 x 2 8 x 60

4 x 40
x 10
Original area of the floor = 1018 180 ft 2

35
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UPCAT REVIEWER
PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION
41. Find the greatest common factor of 3 x 2 6 x 9 , 6 x 2 21x 15 , and 6 x 3 6 .
(A) 3 x 1

(B) 3 x 3

(C) 3 x 1

(D) 3 x 3

Solution:

3 x 2 6 x 9 3 x 2 2 x 3 3 x 3 x 1

6 x 2 21 x 15 3 2 x 2 7 x 5 32 x 5 x 1

6 x 3 6 6 x 3 1 2 3 x 1 x 2 x 1
GCF = 3 x 1

42. Find the equation of the line that passes through the point (-2,-5) and is parallel to the line 5x-4y=2.
(A) 5x-4y=-17

(B) -2x-5y=2

## (C) 5x+4y=2 (D) 5x-4y=10

Solution:
The lines 5x-4y=2 and 5x-4y=k [k is constant] are parallel.
To solve for k, we substitute (-2,-5) in 5x-4y=k

5 2 4 5 k

10 20 k
k 10
Therefore the equation of the line that passes through the point (-2,-5) and is parallel to the line 5x-4y=2
is 5 x 4 y 10

36
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UPCAT REVIEWER
PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION
4 x 3 p 2
43. Simplify: y 2

(A)

x6 y 4
16 p14

y3 p5
2
x

16 x12
y11 p15

(B)

(C)

x6
4 y10 p19

(D)

x12
16 y13 p19

Solution:

4 x 3 p 2

2
y

y3 p5
2
x

4 2 x 6 p 4

y4

y 9 p 15

6
x

4 2 x 6 p 4 y 9 p 15

6
y4

x12
16 y 13 p 19

44. Simplify: 6 x

7
7
1
7 y 2 6 x 2 7 y 2

(A) 36 x 42xy 49 y

(B) 36 x 49 y

(C) 36 x 42 xy 49 y

(D) 36 x 49 y 7

Solution:
Recall:

6 x

7y

6 x

7y

6 x

7 y

a b a b a 2 b 2

36 x 49 y 7

37
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UPCAT REVIEWER
PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION

45. Simplify:

(A) x y

x 6 y 3 xy 4

x 2 y 8 xy

(B) xy

(C) x y

(D) x 5 y 4

Solution:
3

x 6 y 3 xy 4

x 2 y 8 xy

x y xy x y
2

xy 4

x5 y 4

38
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UPCAT REVIEWER
PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION
46. Use similar triangles to find x.

5 ft
x
3 ft
9 ft
(A) 8/9 ft

(B) 5.4 ft

(C) 15 ft

(D) 1 2

ft

Solution:

x 5

3 9

5
or 1 2 ft
3
3

39
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UPCAT REVIEWER
PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION
47. Given: PQ // BC . Find the length of AC .
A
6
P

12

B
(A) 17

(B) 21

C
(C) 23

(D) 18

Solution:

AP AQ

AB AC

Let AQ = x

6
x

14 x 12

cross multiply

14 x 6 x 72
8 x 72
x9
AC = x+12 = 9 + 12 = 21

40
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UPCAT REVIEWER
PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION
48. The numbers 27, 36, and 45 represents the length of the sides of a/an
(A) acute triangle

(C) no triangle

## (D) right triangle

Solution:
3-4-5 is a Pythagorean Triple, multiply by 9
27-36-45
Therefore the numbers 27, 36, and 45 represents the length of the sides of a right triangle.

49. In the figure shown, square WXYZ is inscribed in circle O. Also, OM XY and OM 7.
Find the area of the shaded region.

(A) 49 49

(B) 49 2 49

(C) 98 196

## (D) 147 196

41
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UPCAT REVIEWER
PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION
Solution:

YZ 2 OM 14
XZ is a diagonal of the square, therefore

XZ 2 YZ 14 2
XZ is also the diameter of the circle, so the radius is one-half of its measure.
Radius of circle O = 7 2
Area of shaded region = Area of circle Area of square

= 7 2

14 2

= 98 196

42
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UPCAT REVIEWER
PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION
5 1

6 3
50. Simplify:
7 1
2
8 3
(A)

3
8

(B)

4
5

(C)

2
3

(D)

1
6

Solution:

5 1

20 8
6 3 24
7 1 24
7 1
48 24
2
8 3
8 3

28
48 21 8

28
35

4
5

43
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UPCAT REVIEWER
PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION

51. Evaluate x 2 2 y 2 4 x y 2 x 5 4 xy 5 3 y 5
(A) -45

(B) -81

(C) -36

if x 3 and y 4 .
(D) -27

Solution:

x 2 2 y 2 4 x y 2 x 5 4 xy 5 3 y 5

1
x 2 2 y 2 4 x y

substitute x 3 and y 4 .

32 24 43 4
2

9 32 4 1

27

44
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UPCAT REVIEWER
PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION
52. The length of AC is 5

1
1
meters. The length of BC is 2 meters. Find AB.
6
2

(A) 2 m

(B) 7

1
m
4

(C) 7

2
m
3

2
3

(D) 2 m

Solution:

AB BC AC

1
1
AB 2 5
2
6
1
1
AB 5 2
6
2
1
3
5 2
6
6

31 15

6 6

16
6

8
2
or 2 m
3
3

45
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UPCAT REVIEWER
PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION
53. What is the sum of
(A) 2i 5

2 and
(B) 5i 2

18 ?
(C) 4i 2

(D) 6i

Solution:

2 18 i 2 3i 2

4i 2

54. Ano ang ika-7-term sa isang geometric sequence kung ang unang term ay 81 at ang ika-11-term ay

1
?
729
(A)

1
27

(B)

1
9

(C)

1
3

(D) 1

Solution:
Given: a1 81, a11

1
, a7 ?
729

## In geometric sequence the nth term is a n a1 r n 1

a11 a1 r 111
1
81r 10
729

46
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UPCAT REVIEWER
PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION
1
r 10
729 81
1
r 10
4
3 3
6

1
r 10
310

1

3
r

10

r 10
1
3

Therefore

a 7 a1 r 7 1

1
81
3

34
36

1
32

1
9

47
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UPCAT REVIEWER
PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION
55. Kung ang 25% ng isang numero ay 75. Ano naman ang 30% ng numero?

1
(A) 80

(B) 90

(C) 100

(D) 85

Solution:
Let

be the number

## 0.25x 75 , multiply both sides by 4

x 300
Therefore

0.3x 90

48
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UPCAT REVIEWER
PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION
56. Based on the diagram below, which statement is true?
b

a
110

115

60
120

(A) a // b

(B) a // c

(C) b // c

(D) d // e

Solution:

Therefore d//e

49
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UPCAT REVIEWER
PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION
57. Ayon sa isang sinaunang paniniwala, kapag ang isang kaibigan ay dumalaw sa isang may sakit na tao,
1 ng kanyang pagkakasakit ay nawawala . Ano ang pinakamababang bilang ng kaibigan ang
30
kailangang bumisita sa may sakit upang maalis ang 98% o higit pa ng kanyang pagkakasakit?
(A) 114

(B) 115

(C) 116

(D) 117

Solution:

1
30

100% - 98%
x

29
0.02
30

## get the log of both sides

29
x log log 0.02
30

Recall:

log b a n n log b a

log 0.02
29
log
30

x 115 .3936
The smallest integer greater than 115.3936 is 116.

50
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UPCAT REVIEWER
PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION
58. Si Sarah ay gagawa ng isang keyk at ilang mga cookies. Ang keyk ay nangangailangan ng 3

tasa ng

asukal at ang mga cookies ay nangangailangan ng 3 tasa ng asukal. Si Sarah ay may 15 tasa ng
5
16
asukal. Siya ba ay may sapat na asukal?
(A) Siya ay may sapat na asukal
(B) Kailangan pa niya ng 1 tasa ng asukal.
8
(C) Kailangan pa niya ng 3 tasa ng asukal.
80
4
(D) Kailangan pa niya ng
tasa ng asukal.
19
Solution:

3
8

Sarah needs

3 15
cups of sugar

5 16

39 15

40 16

39 15

40 16

78 75
80

3
80

51
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UPCAT REVIEWER
PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION
59. Find the distance from the point (2,3) to the line x y 5.
(A) 1

(B)

2
3

(C)

3
2

(D) 3 2

Solution:

Ax1 By1 C
A2 B 2

12 13 5
2
12 1
6
2

3 2

52
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UPCAT REVIEWER
PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION
60. If x 1 4 , what is the value of x 2 12 ?
x
x
(A) 16
(B) 15
(C) 14

(D) 12

Solution:
x

1
4
x

1 1

16
x x2

x2 2 x

x2

1
14
x2