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PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION

1

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PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION

1. Find the contrapositive of the following statement. If a figure has three sides, it is a triangle.

(A) If a figure does not have three sides, it is a triangle.

(B) If a figure is a triangle, then it does not have three sides

(C) If a figure is not a triangle, then it does not have three sides.

(D) If a figure has three sides, it is not a triangle.

Solution:

Recall:

The contrapositive of the statement If p then q is If not q then not p

So the contrapositive of If a figure has three sides, it is a triangle is

If a figure is not a triangle, then it does not have three sides

Answer: C

2. Solve for x:

x6 x 4

(A) no solution

(B) 100

(C) 5

(D)

25

16

Solution:

x6 x 4

transpose

x6 4 x

x to the right

2

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PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION

x 6 16 8 x x

8 x 10

x

x

5

4

25

16

Checking:

x6 x 4

25

25 ?

6

4

16

16

25 96

25 ?

4

16

16

121

25 ?

4

16

16

11 5 ?

4

4 4

16 ?

4

4

44

Answer: D

3

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PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION

3. Find the length of diagonal AC in the rectangular solid shown. Dimensions are in feet.

C

2

A

(A) 29 d

d

(B) 7 d ft

ft

(C)

29 d 2 ft

(D)

7 d ft

Solution:

2

A

d 5 AB

2

AB d 2 25

5

AB 2 BC 2 AC 2

4

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PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION

25 2 2 AC

AC 2

d 2 29

AC d 2 29

Answer: C

2

4. The area of a regular octagon is 30cm . What is the area of a regular octagon with sides four

times as large?

2

(A) 545 cm

(B) 480 cm

(C) 3600 cm

(D) 120 cm

Solution:

Given: A1 30 cm 2

A2 ?

s2

4

s1

s2 4s1 or

A2 s2

A1 s1

A2

42

A1

A2 16 A1

A2 16 30

A2 480 cm 2

Answer: B

5

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PRACTICE TEST 1

5. Simplify:

(A) -4

3 7

3 7

(B) 58

SOLUTION

(C) 10

(D) -40

Solution:

3 7

3 7

3 7

Recall:

a b a b a 2 b 2

37

4

Answer: A

6. If the sum of the roots of x 2 3 x 5 0 is added to the product of its roots, the result is

(A) -2

(B) -8

(C) -15

(D) 15

6

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PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION

Solution:

are:

Recall:

b b 2 4ac

b b 2 4ac

and

2a

2a

ax 2 bx c 0 , where a 0

b

Sum of roots =

a

Sum of roots =

Why?

c

Product of roots =

a

So

Sum of roots =

3

= -3

1

5

Product of roots =

= -5

1

Sum + Product of roots = (-3) + (-5) = -8

Answer: B

b b 2 4ac b b 2 4ac

+

2a

2a

2b

2a

b

a

product of roots =

b b 2 4ac b b 2 4ac

2

a

2

a

b b 2 4ac

2a 2

b 2 b 2 4ac

2a 2

4ac

4a 2

c

a

7

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PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION

7. The roots of the equation 2 x 2 x 4 are

(A) real, rational, and unequal

(B) real and irrational

(C) real, rational, and equal

(D) imaginary

Solution:

Express 2 x 2 x 4 in the form ax 2 bx c 0 , and compute the discriminant b 2 4 ac

The b2 4ac term is called the discriminant and it helps to determine how many and what kind of roots

you see in the solution

2

Value of b 4ac

Is it a perfect square?

b2 4ac > 0

yes

b2 4ac > 0

no

b2 4ac < 0

not possible

2 imaginary roots

b2 4ac = 0

not possible

1 real root

So 2 x 2 x 4 becomes 2 x 2 x 4 0 , a = 2, b = -1, c = -4

b 2 4ac 1 42 4 33

2

The result is 33 which is greater than zero and not a perfect square.

therefore the roots are real and irrational.

Answer: B

8

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PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION

8. Which statement must be true if a parabola represented by the equation y ax bx c does not

2

(A) b 4ac 0, and b 2 4ac is not a perfect square

2

2

(C) b 2 4ac 0

(D) b 2 4ac 0

Solution:

To get the x-intercept/s of y ax bx c we let y = 0, and solve for x.

2

y ax2 bx c does not intersect the x-axis when the roots of ax 2 bx c 0 are not real or

imaginary.

That happens when b 2 4ac 0

Answer: C

9

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PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION

0

3

9. The value of

2

27 3

is

(A) 9

(B)

1

9

(C) 9

(D)

1

9

Solution:

0

3

2

27 3

27 3

27 3

27

32

9

Answer: C

5

(A) 2 y 5

(B) 32y

(C) y

(D) 10y

Solution:

5

which is equal to

2 y 5

32 y 5

Answer: B

10

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PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION

11. The larger root of the equation x 3x 4 0 is

(A) -3

(B) -4

(C) 4

(D) 3

Solution:

x 3x 4 0

x 3 0 or x 4 0

x 3 or x 4

Answer: C

12. Express

(A)

1

1

as a single fraction.

x 1 x

2x 3

x2 x

(B)

2x 1

x2 x

(C)

2

2x 1

(D)

3

x2

Solution:

1

1 x x 1

x 1 x

xx 1

2x 1

xx 1

2x 1

x2 x

Answer: B

11

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PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION

13. Ano ang kabuuan ng walang katapusang geometric series na

(A) 8.75

(B) 9.75

(C) 4.75

(D) 7.75

Solution:

Let

x 3.1 0.6 x

0.4 x 3.1

x

3.1

0.4

31

or 7.75

4

Sn

3 .1

1 0 .6

Sn

3.1 31

7.75

0 .4 4

a1

, where a1 = first term and r = common ratio

1 r

Answer: D

12

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PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION

14. Which equation represents a hyperbola?

(A) y 16x 2

(B) y 16 x 2

(D) y

(C) y 2 16 x 2

16

x

Solution:

(A) y 16x 2 is a parabola

Recall:

The graph of the quadratic function

y ax 2 bx c , where a, b, and c

are constants and a 0 , is a

parabola that opens upward if a>0,

and a parabola that opens downward

if a<0.

(B) y 16 x 2 is also a parabola and it opens downward.

(C) y 2 16 x 2 can be expressed as x 2 y 2 16 .

Therefore it is a circle.

Recall:

The graph of the equation

x h 2 y k 2 r 2 is a circle

whose radius is r and center is (h,k)

(D) y

16

Its graph is a hyperbola.

x

Recall:

If y varies inversely as x, then y

k

, where k

x

Answer: D

hyperbola. (in y

16

,k=16)

x

13

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PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION

x

15. Which expression is equivalent to the complex fraction x 2 ?

x

1

x2

2x

2x

2

x

(B)

(C) 2

(D)

(A)

2

x2

x 4

x

Solution:

x

x 2 x 2

x x 2 x 2 x

1

x 2

x

2

Answer: A

16. What is the radian measure of the angle formed by the hands of the clock at 2:00 pm?

(A)

Solution:

(B)

(C)

(D)

clock at 2:00 is 60O. To convert 60O to radian

measure, multiply 60O by

60 O

.

180

rad

O

3

180

Answer: B

14

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PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION

17. The expression 15 3[2 + 6(3)] simplifies to

(A) -45

(B) -33

(C) 63

(D) 192

Solution:

15 32 6 3 15 32 18

15 3 16

15 48

63

Answer: C

3

m 1

2m 1

m 1

(A) 15

(B) 55

(C) 57

(D) 245

Solution:

3

2 m 1

m 1

3 0 51 7 2

m 1

1 5 49

55

Answer: B

15

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PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION

19. Ang pagsusulit sa asignaturang HEKASI ay may 10 katanungan na nagkakahalaga ng 5 puntos bawat isa, 7

mga katanungan na nagkakahalaga ng 6 na puntos sa bawat isa, at 4 na mga katanungan na

nagkakahalaga ng 2 puntos sa bawat isa. Wala sa mga tanong na ito ang bibigyan ng bahagyang kredito.

Gaano karaming mga puntos sa pagitan ng 0 at 100 ang imposibleng iskor?

(A) 3

(B) 2

(C) 4

(D) 7

Solution:

There are 10 questions worth 5 points each so multiples of 5 including 0 up to 50 are possible

scores. [5x0=0, 5x1=5, 5x2=10,,5x10=50].We encircle the numbers.

5

1

2

3

4

6

7

8

9

10

15

20

11

12

13

14

16

17

18

19

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

35

40

31

32

33

34

36

37

38

39

50

45

41

42

43

44

46

47

48

49

51

61

71

81

91

52

62

72

82

92

53

63

73

83

93

54

64

74

84

94

55

65

75

85

95

56

66

76

86

96

57

67

77

87

97

58

68

78

88

98

59

69

79

89

99

60

70

80

90

100

We add multiples of 6 from 6 to 42 to the encircled numbers because there are 7 question worth 6

points each. We underline the resulting numbers.

5

1

2

3

4

6

7

8

15

11

12

13

14

16

17

18

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

35

31

32

33

34

36

37

38

45

41

42

43

44

46

47

48

51

52

53

54

55

56

57

58

61

62

63

64

65

66

67

68

71

72

73

74

75

76

77

78

81

82

83

84

85

86

87

88

91

92

93

94

95

96

97

98

9

19

29

39

49

59

69

79

89

99

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

16

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PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION

We add multiples of 2 from 2 to 8 to the encircled numbers and also to the underlined numbers

because there are 4 questions worth 2 points each. We highlight the resulting numbers.

1

11

21

31

41

51

61

71

81

91

2

12

22

32

42

52

62

72

82

92

3

13

23

33

43

53

63

73

83

93

4

14

24

34

44

54

64

74

84

94

5

15

25

35

45

55

65

75

85

95

6

16

26

36

46

56

66

76

86

96

7

17

27

37

47

57

67

77

87

97

8

18

28

38

48

58

68

78

88

98

9

19

29

39

49

59

69

79

89

99

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

If the number is not encircled, highlighted or underlined then the number is an impossible score. The

impossible scores between 0 and 100 are 1, 3, 97, and 99.

There are four impossible scores between 0 and 100.

Answer: C

17

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PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION

20. Ang isang malaking istante ng libro ay maaaring naglalaman sa pagitan ng 57 at 564 na mga libro.

Eksaktong 1

sa pagitan ng pinakamataas at ang pinakamaliit na posibleng bilang ng mga libro na maaaring nakaimbak sa istante?

(A) 468

(B) 486

(C) 504

(D) 522

Solution:

Eksaktong 1

Number of Math and Physics books combined is divisible by both 6 and 9. Therefore, total number of

books is divisible by 18.

The smallest number more than 57 that is divisible by 18 is 72.

The largest number less than 564 that is divisible by 18 is 558.

The difference between the largest and smallest possible number of books is 558 72 = 486

Answer: B

18

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PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION

21. Simplify: 2

(A)

5

3

60 5

3

5

29 15

15

(B)

7 15

3

(C)

7 15

15

(D)

29 15

3

Solution:

5

3

First term: 2

2 5

3

2 5

3

3

3

2 15

3

to rationalize.

Second Term : 60

4 15

4 15

2 15

Third term: 5

3

5

5 3

5

5

5

19

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PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION

5 15

5

15

5

3 2 15

60 5

2 15 15

3

5

3

LCD is 3

7 15

3

Answer: B

22. Given: R is the midpoint of MS

TR MS

If you outlined a proof that shows TM TS , which would NOT be used?

T

R

S

(A) TMR TSR by the SAS congruency postulate

(B) TM TS by CPCTC

(C) TMR TSR by the ASA congruency postulate

(D)

T

20

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PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION

Solution:

Below is a proof that shows TM TS

Statement

1. R is the midpoint of MS

Reason

1. Given

2. MR RS

congruent segments

3. Given

3. TR MS

4. MRT and SRT are right angles

5. MRT SRT

5. All right s are

6. TR TR

6. reflexive

7. TMR TSR

8. TM TS

7. SAS

8. CPCTC

S

A

S

TM TS

EXCEPT (C) TMR TSR by the ASA congruency postulate

ANSWER: C

21

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PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION

23. Refer to the figure shown. State the congruency postulate that can be used to prove that

TUV WXV .

Given: TV WV

and UV XV

U

X

(A) SSS

(B) SAS

(C) ASA

(D) AAS

Solution:

TUV WXV

Included angle and two included sides are congruent. Therefore by SAS

Answer: B not C as given in the answer key

22

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PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION

24. Find OM if LO bisects NLM , LM 20 , NO 3 , . and LN 5 .

N

O

L

(A) 10.23

M

(B) 0.75

(C) 12

(D) 33.33

Solution:

OM NO

LM LN

OM 3

20 5

OM 12

ANSWER: C

23

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PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION

25. What value of x will give the maximum value for 7 x 2 7 x 3 ?

(A) 0

(B) 1

(C)

1

2

(D)

3

2

Solution:

Recall:

2

Let y 7 x 7 x 3

In y ax 2 bx c , the vertex is h, k

a 7 , b 7 , c 3

value for y , and the minimum value is equal

to k .

b

2a

value for y , and the maximum value is equal

to k .

7

14

1

, will give the maximum value

2

b

,

h

2a

4ac b 2

k

4a

for 7 x 2 7 x 3 .

ANSWER: C

24

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PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION

26. Written in simplest form

(A) 1

(B) 0

(C)

x2 y 4

is

4 x2 y

x2 y 4

4 x2 y

(D) -1

Solution:

x2 y 4

x2 y 4

4 x2 y x2 y 4

1

ANSWER: D

27. Which expression is equivalent to

(A)

9

5

(B) -1

(C)

7 2

?

7 2

9 2 14

5

(D)

11 2

14

Solution:

Multiply the numerator and denominator by the conjugate of the denominator.

The conjugate of

7 2

7 2

7 2 is

7 2

7 2

7 2

7 2 14 2

72

9 2 14

5

ANSWER: C

25

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PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION

28. Given two lines whose equations are 3 x y 8 0 and 2 x ky 9 0 , determine the value of k

such that the two lines are perpendicular.

(A)

2

3

(B) 6

(C) 8

(D) 9

Solution:

Recall:

In y mx b , m is the slope of the line

Two lines are perpendicular if their slopes are

negative reciprocals of each other.

or if the product of their slopes is equal to -1.

So its slope is -3.

We express 2 x ky 9 0 in the form y mx b , the result is y

2

9

x

k

k

2

So its slope is k .

We get the product of their slopes and equate to -1.

k

k 6

Answer: B

26

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PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION

29. Solve for x: 256 2 x 64 x 2

(A)

6

11

(B)

6

5

(C)

1

5

(D) 0

Solution:

Express both sides of the equation in the same base

256 2 x 64 x2

44

2x

4 4

8x

43

3 x 6

8x 3x 6

x2

powers

a

m

a mn

5 x 6

x

6

5

Answer: B

27

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PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION

30. Find the square root of x 4 2 x 3 5 x 2 4 x 4 .

(A) x 2 x 2

(B) x 2 2 x 2

(C) x 2 3 x 2

(D) x 2 2

Solution:

x2

x 4 2 x 3 5x 2 4x 4

Answer: A

31. The product of the square roots of two consecutive positive numbers is 2 14 , what is their sum?

(A) 15

(B) 17

(C) 19

(D) 21

Solution:

Let x and x 1 be the two consecutive positive numbers.

x x 1 2 14

x x 1 4 14 56

x x 1 56

, so x 7 because 7(7+1) = 56

The two consecutive positive numbers are 7 and 8. Their sum is 15.

Answer: A

28

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PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION

32. Given the formula C

(A) 15

(B) 17

5

F 32 ; find F when C is 20.

9

(C) 68

(D) 21

Solution:

5

F 32

9

20

5

F 32

9

9

5

9

9 5

20 F 32

5

5 9

36 F 32

F 68

Answer: C

29

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PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION

33. What number added to 6% of itself equals 31.8?

(A)29.892

(B) 31.74

(C)30

(D) 31

Solution:

Let

be the number

x 0.06 x 31.8

1.06 x 31.8

x

31.8

1.06

x 30

Answer: C

30

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SOLUTION

34. Perform the indicated operations: 2a 3 3aa 2 3 a

2

(A) 2

(B) 0

(C) -3

(D) 2a

Solution:

2a 32 3aa 2 3 a 2

4a 2 12 a 9 3a 2 6a a 2 6a 9

4a 2 12 a 9

3a 2 6a

a 2 6a 9

0

Answer: B

35. What must be the value of m if x 5 is a factor of 2 x 2 mx 35 ?

(A) 3

(B) 5

(C) 7

(D) 10

Solution:

Let f ( x) 2 x 2 mx 35

So f (5) 25 5m 35

2

15 5m

15 5m 0 m 3

Answer: A

31

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PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION

36. Reduce

(A)

ba

b

b

2

to a single fraction in its lowest terms.

ba

a a b

a 2b

b

(B)

2a b

a

(C)

a 2b

a

(D)

2a b

b

Solution:

ba

b

b

2

ba

a a b , we distribute -2

b a 2b

2b

ba a ab

ba

ab

is also equal to

ab

ba

2b 2b a b

a a b a b

same denominators] so we

combine the numerators.

2b 2b (a b)

a

a b

2b b a

a a b

2b b a

a ba

32

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SOLUTION

2b a

a a

a

a

a 2b

a

Answer: C

(A) 2 x 3

(B) 2 x 3

(C) 2 x 3

(D) 2 x 3

2x 3

Solution:

2x 3

x 2 3x 2 2 x 3 3x 2 5 x 6

2x3 6x2 4x

result is 2 x 6 x 4 x

3

Step 4.Bring down +6

3x 2 9 x 6

3x 9 x 6

2

2 x 3 3 x 2 5 x 6 , the result is

3x 2 9 x

is 3 x 2 9 x 6

Step 7.Subtract 3 x 2 9 x 6 from

Answer: B

remainder.

33

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SOLUTION

38. Ang mga bahay sa Tinio Street ay may sunud-sunod na bilang mula 1 hanggang 447. Ilang tanso na

numero ang kailangan upang magawa ang lahat ng bilang ng mga bahay ?

(A) 1232

(B) 1231

(C) 1236

(D) 1233

Solution:

ANSWER: D

39. Solve for x:

(A) 4

7x 1

3

x 11 x 25 34

5 14

7

(B) 11

(C) 18

(D) 25

Solution:

7x 1

3

x 11 x 25 34

5 14

7

70 7 x

1

x 11 70 3 x 25 34

14

5

98 x 5 x 11 30 x 25 2380

98x 5x 55 30 x 750 2380

93x 55 30 x 1630

63x 1575

x 25

distribute 70

ANSWER: D

34

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PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION

40. The length of a room is 8 feet greater than its width; if each dimension is increased by 2 feet, the area

will be increased by 60 square feet. Find the area of the floor.

(A) 65

(B) 105

(C) 153

(D) 180

Solution:

x8

Area = x x 8

x 10

x2

New Area = x 2 x 10 x x 8 60

x 2x 10 xx 8 60

x 2 12 x 20 x 2 8 x 60

4 x 40

x 10

Original area of the floor = 1018 180 ft 2

ANSWER: D

35

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SOLUTION

41. Find the greatest common factor of 3 x 2 6 x 9 , 6 x 2 21x 15 , and 6 x 3 6 .

(A) 3 x 1

(B) 3 x 3

(C) 3 x 1

(D) 3 x 3

Solution:

3 x 2 6 x 9 3 x 2 2 x 3 3 x 3 x 1

6 x 2 21 x 15 3 2 x 2 7 x 5 32 x 5 x 1

6 x 3 6 6 x 3 1 2 3 x 1 x 2 x 1

GCF = 3 x 1

Answer: A

42. Find the equation of the line that passes through the point (-2,-5) and is parallel to the line 5x-4y=2.

(A) 5x-4y=-17

(B) -2x-5y=2

Solution:

The lines 5x-4y=2 and 5x-4y=k [k is constant] are parallel.

To solve for k, we substitute (-2,-5) in 5x-4y=k

5 2 4 5 k

10 20 k

k 10

Therefore the equation of the line that passes through the point (-2,-5) and is parallel to the line 5x-4y=2

is 5 x 4 y 10

ANSWER: D

36

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PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION

4 x 3 p 2

43. Simplify: y 2

(A)

x6 y 4

16 p14

y3 p5

2

x

16 x12

y11 p15

(B)

(C)

x6

4 y10 p19

(D)

x12

16 y13 p19

Solution:

4 x 3 p 2

2

y

y3 p5

2

x

4 2 x 6 p 4

y4

y 9 p 15

6

x

4 2 x 6 p 4 y 9 p 15

6

y4

x12

16 y 13 p 19

ANSWER: D

44. Simplify: 6 x

7

7

1

7 y 2 6 x 2 7 y 2

(A) 36 x 42xy 49 y

(B) 36 x 49 y

(C) 36 x 42 xy 49 y

(D) 36 x 49 y 7

Solution:

Recall:

6 x

7y

6 x

7y

6 x

7 y

a b a b a 2 b 2

36 x 49 y 7

ANSWER: B

37

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PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION

45. Simplify:

(A) x y

x 6 y 3 xy 4

x 2 y 8 xy

(B) xy

(C) x y

(D) x 5 y 4

Solution:

3

x 6 y 3 xy 4

x 2 y 8 xy

x y xy x y

2

xy 4

x5 y 4

ANSWER: D

38

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PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION

46. Use similar triangles to find x.

5 ft

x

3 ft

9 ft

(A) 8/9 ft

(B) 5.4 ft

(C) 15 ft

(D) 1 2

ft

Solution:

x 5

3 9

5

or 1 2 ft

3

3

ANSWER: D

39

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PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION

47. Given: PQ // BC . Find the length of AC .

A

6

P

12

B

(A) 17

(B) 21

C

(C) 23

(D) 18

Solution:

AP AQ

AB AC

Let AQ = x

6

x

14 x 12

cross multiply

14 x 6 x 72

8 x 72

x9

AC = x+12 = 9 + 12 = 21

Answer: B

40

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PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION

48. The numbers 27, 36, and 45 represents the length of the sides of a/an

(A) acute triangle

(C) no triangle

Solution:

3-4-5 is a Pythagorean Triple, multiply by 9

27-36-45

Therefore the numbers 27, 36, and 45 represents the length of the sides of a right triangle.

ANSWER: D

49. In the figure shown, square WXYZ is inscribed in circle O. Also, OM XY and OM 7.

Find the area of the shaded region.

(A) 49 49

(B) 49 2 49

(C) 98 196

41

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PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION

Solution:

YZ 2 OM 14

XZ is a diagonal of the square, therefore

XZ 2 YZ 14 2

XZ is also the diameter of the circle, so the radius is one-half of its measure.

Radius of circle O = 7 2

Area of shaded region = Area of circle Area of square

= 7 2

14 2

= 98 196

Answer: C

42

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PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION

5 1

6 3

50. Simplify:

7 1

2

8 3

(A)

3

8

(B)

4

5

(C)

2

3

(D)

1

6

Solution:

5 1

20 8

6 3 24

7 1 24

7 1

48 24

2

8 3

8 3

28

48 21 8

28

35

4

5

Answer: B

43

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PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION

51. Evaluate x 2 2 y 2 4 x y 2 x 5 4 xy 5 3 y 5

(A) -45

(B) -81

(C) -36

if x 3 and y 4 .

(D) -27

Solution:

x 2 2 y 2 4 x y 2 x 5 4 xy 5 3 y 5

1

x 2 2 y 2 4 x y

substitute x 3 and y 4 .

32 24 43 4

2

9 32 4 1

27

ANSWER: D

44

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UPCAT REVIEWER

PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION

52. The length of AC is 5

1

1

meters. The length of BC is 2 meters. Find AB.

6

2

(A) 2 m

(B) 7

1

m

4

(C) 7

2

m

3

2

3

(D) 2 m

Solution:

AB BC AC

1

1

AB 2 5

2

6

1

1

AB 5 2

6

2

1

3

5 2

6

6

31 15

6 6

16

6

8

2

or 2 m

3

3

ANSWER: D

45

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PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION

53. What is the sum of

(A) 2i 5

2 and

(B) 5i 2

18 ?

(C) 4i 2

(D) 6i

Solution:

2 18 i 2 3i 2

4i 2

Answer: C

54. Ano ang ika-7-term sa isang geometric sequence kung ang unang term ay 81 at ang ika-11-term ay

1

?

729

(A)

1

27

(B)

1

9

(C)

1

3

(D) 1

Solution:

Given: a1 81, a11

1

, a7 ?

729

a11 a1 r 111

1

81r 10

729

46

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PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION

1

r 10

729 81

1

r 10

4

3 3

6

1

r 10

310

1

3

r

10

r 10

1

3

Therefore

a 7 a1 r 7 1

1

81

3

34

36

1

32

1

9

Answer: B

47

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SOLUTION

55. Kung ang 25% ng isang numero ay 75. Ano naman ang 30% ng numero?

1

(A) 80

(B) 90

(C) 100

(D) 85

Solution:

Let

be the number

x 300

Therefore

Answer: B

0.3x 90

48

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PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION

56. Based on the diagram below, which statement is true?

b

a

110

115

60

120

(A) a // b

(B) a // c

(C) b // c

(D) d // e

Solution:

Therefore d//e

ANSWER: D

49

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PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION

57. Ayon sa isang sinaunang paniniwala, kapag ang isang kaibigan ay dumalaw sa isang may sakit na tao,

1 ng kanyang pagkakasakit ay nawawala . Ano ang pinakamababang bilang ng kaibigan ang

30

kailangang bumisita sa may sakit upang maalis ang 98% o higit pa ng kanyang pagkakasakit?

(A) 114

(B) 115

(C) 116

(D) 117

Solution:

1

30

100% - 98%

x

29

0.02

30

29

x log log 0.02

30

Recall:

log b a n n log b a

log 0.02

29

log

30

x 115 .3936

The smallest integer greater than 115.3936 is 116.

Answer: C

50

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PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION

58. Si Sarah ay gagawa ng isang keyk at ilang mga cookies. Ang keyk ay nangangailangan ng 3

tasa ng

asukal at ang mga cookies ay nangangailangan ng 3 tasa ng asukal. Si Sarah ay may 15 tasa ng

5

16

asukal. Siya ba ay may sapat na asukal?

(A) Siya ay may sapat na asukal

(B) Kailangan pa niya ng 1 tasa ng asukal.

8

(C) Kailangan pa niya ng 3 tasa ng asukal.

80

4

(D) Kailangan pa niya ng

tasa ng asukal.

19

Solution:

3

8

Sarah needs

3 15

cups of sugar

5 16

39 15

40 16

39 15

40 16

78 75

80

3

80

Answer: C

51

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SOLUTION

59. Find the distance from the point (2,3) to the line x y 5.

(A) 1

(B)

2

3

(C)

3

2

(D) 3 2

Solution:

Ax1 By1 C

A2 B 2

12 13 5

2

12 1

6

2

3 2

ANSWER: D

52

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PRACTICE TEST 1

SOLUTION

60. If x 1 4 , what is the value of x 2 12 ?

x

x

(A) 16

(B) 15

(C) 14

(D) 12

Solution:

x

1

4

x

1 1

16

x x2

x2 2 x

x2

1

14

x2

Answer: C

.

53

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