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Quiz 2 Set N (July 2005)

A refrigerant 11-twin cylinder compressor with equal bore and stroke of 5 centimeter, rotating at 1500 rpm has an evaporating
and condensing temperature of 5C and 40C respectively. The volumetric efficiency is 76%, mechanical efficiency is 85% and
overall efficiency is 80%. If the theoretical power is 1.327 Kilowatts, determine the following:

1.

Draw the PH Diagram showing the discharge


temperature of the Compressor, the enthalpies and
specific volume in liters per kg.

5.

RC m h1 h4 0.00993 kg

P
3

6.

H
h1 = hg at -5C
h2 = h at (s1=s2) and P=Psat of 40C
h3 = hf at 40C
h3 = h4
t2 = t at (s1=s2) and P=Psat of 40C
Pd = PC = P=Psat of 40C
Ps =PE= P=Psat of -5C

= 386.33 kJ/kg
= 415.6 kJ/kg
= 234.90 kJ/kg
= 234.90 kJ/kg
= 50.8 C
= 173.46 kPa
= 32.32 kPa

Discharge temperature of the compressor in


degree C.

7.

Actual Piston Displacement in liters per second.

Actual Refrigerating Capacity in Kilowatts.

RC act RCV 1.5037 L 0.76


s
RC act 1.1428kW
8.

Compression Ratio

CR

From chart : t 2 50.8C


3.

Pd 173.46

Ps
32.32

CR 5.367

Piston Displacement in liters per second

9.

Shaft power in kilowatts

1 min 1000 L
PD D 2 LNn
0.05 2 0.05 1500 2 x
x
PT 1.327 kW
4
4
60 s
m3 P

shaft

0.80
O
L

PD 4.9087

4.

Mass flow rate of refrigerant in kilograms per


second.

4.9087 L
PD
s
m

v1 494.3615 L
kg
m 0.00993 kg

386.32 234.9 kJ kg

PDact PDV 4.9087 L 0.76


s
PDact 3.7306 L
s

-5C
4

RC 1.5037 kW

40C

R-11

2.

Theoretical refrigerating capacity in Kilowatts.

Pshaft 1.6288kW

10. Compression Efficiency

comp

O 0.80

m 0.85

comp 94.12%

Quiz 2 Set O (July 2005)


A refrigerant 12-twin cylinder compressor with equal bore and stroke of 2.5 centimeter, rotating at 1750 rpm has an evaporating
and condensing temperature of 10C and 35C respectively. The volumetric efficiency is 80%, mechanical efficiency is 95% and
overall efficiency is 85%. If the theoretical power is 2 Kilowatts, determine the following:

1.

Draw the PH Diagram showing the discharge


temperature of the Compressor, the enthalpies and
specific volume in liters per kg.

5.

RC m h1 h4 0.0175 kg

P
3

6.

H
h1 = hg at 10-5C
h2 = h at (s1=s2) and P=Psat of 35C
h3 = hf at 35C
h3 = h4
t2 = t at (s1=s2) and P=Psat of 35C
Pd = PC = P=Psat of 35C
Ps =PE= P=Psat of 10C

= 355.686 kJ/kg
=368 kJ/kg
= 233.498 kJ/kg
= 233.498 kJ/kg
= 38.3 C
= 847.72 kPa
= 423.30 kPa

Discharge temperature of the compressor in


degree C.
From chart : t 2 38.3C

3.

Piston Displacement in liters per second

PD

Actual Piston Displacement in liters per second.

7.

Actual Refrigerating Capacity in Kilowatts.

RC act RCV 2.1383 L 0.80


s
RC act 1.7106kW
8.

Compression Ratio

CR

Pd
847.72

Ps
423.3

CR 2.003

9. Shaft
power
2

1 min
1000
L in kilowatts
D LNn
0.025 2 0.0251750 2 x
x
4
4
60 s
m3
P
2kW
Pshaft T
L
PD 0.7159
O 0.85

4.

Mass flow rate of refrigerant in kilograms per


second.

0.7159 L
PD
s
m

v1 40.9137 L
kg
m 0.0175 kg

355.686 233.498 kJ kg

PDact PDV 0.7159 L 0.80


s
PDact 0.5727 L
s

10C
4

RC 2.1383kW

35C

R-12

2.

Theoretical refrigerating capacity in Kilowatts.

Pshaft 2.353kW

10. Compression Efficiency

comp

O 0.85

m 0.95

comp 89.47%

Quiz 2 Set P (July 2005)


A refrigerant 22 compressor with a bore of 5 centimeter and a stroke of 7.5 centimeter, rotating at 1000 rpm has an evaporating
temperature of -10C and condensing temperature of 35C. The volumetric efficiency is 80%, mechanical efficiency is 90% and
overall efficiency is 85%. If the theoretical power is 2 Kilowatts, determine the following:
1.

Draw the PH Diagram showing the discharge


temperature of the Compressor, the enthalpies and
specific volume in liters per kg.

m 0.0376 kg
5.

P
3

Theoretical refrigerating capacity in Kilowatts.

RC m h1 h4 0.0376 kg

35C

6.

-10C
1

= 401.555 kJ/kg
= 434.8 kJ/kg
= 243.114 kJ/kg
= 243.114 kJ/kg
=56.6 C
= 1354.8 kPa
= 354.30 kPa

Actual Piston Displacement in liters per second.

Actual Refrigerating Capacity in Kilowatts.

RCact RCV 5.95 L 0.80


s
RC act 4.76kW
8.

Compression Ratio

CR

Piston Displacement in liters per second

PD

1 min 1000 L
D LNn
0.05 2 0.0751000 1 x
x
4
4
60 s
m3

PD 2.454 L
4.

7.

Discharge temperature of the compressor in


degree C.
From chart : t 2 56.6C

3.

401.555 243.114 kJ kg

PDact PDV 2.454 L 0.80


s
PDact 1.963 L
s

H
h1 = hg at -10C
h2 = h at (s1=s2) and P=Psat of 35C
h3 = hf at 35C
h3 = h4
t2 = t at (s1=s2) and P=Psat of 35C
Pd = PC = P=Psat of 35C
Ps =PE= P=Psat of -10C

2.

RC 5.95kW

R-22

9.

Mass flow rate of refrigerant in kilograms per


second.

2.454 L
PD
s
m

v1 65.3399 L
kg

Pd 1354.8

Ps
354.3

CR 3.824

Shaft power in kilowatts

Pshaft

PT
2kW

O 0.85

Pshaft 2.353kW

10. Compression Efficiency

comp

comp 94.44%

O
85

m 0.90

Quiz 2 Set Q (July 2005)


A refrigerant 502 cylinder compressor with a bore of 7.5 centimeter and a stroke of 10 centimeter, rotating at 2000 rpm has an
evaporating temperature of 0C and a condensing temperature of 30C respectively. The volumetric efficiency is 70%,
mechanical efficiency is 75% and overall efficiency is 80%. If the theoretical power is 5 Kilowatts, determine the following:

1.

Draw the PH Diagram showing the discharge


temperature of the Compressor, the enthalpies and
specific volume in liters per kg.

L
PD 14.7262 s
m

v1 30.8393 L
kg

P
3

m 0.4775 kg

30C

R-502

5.

0C
4

Theoretical refrigerating capacity in Kilowatts.

RC m h1 h4 0.4775 kg

346.634 235.667 kJ kg

RC 52.987 kW

H
h1 = hg at 0C
h2 = h at (s1=s2) and P=Psat of 30C
h3 = hf at 30C
h3 = h4
t2 = t at (s1=s2) and P=Psat of 30C
Pd = PC = P=Psat of 30C
Ps =PE= P=Psat of 0C

2.

= 346.634 kJ/kg
= 361.5 kJ/kg
= 235.677 kJ/kg
= 235.677 kJ/kg
= 34.4 C
= 1318.9 kPa
= 573.13 kPa

Discharge temperature of the compressor in


degree C.

6.

PDact PDV 14.7262 L 0.70


s
PDact 10.308 L
s
7.

4.

RC act 37.091kW

Piston Displacement in liters per second

PD

Actual Refrigerating Capacity in Kilowatts.

RC act RCV 52.987 L 0.70


s

From chart : t 2 34.4C


3.

Actual Piston Displacement in liters per second.

1 min8. 1000
L
Compression
Ratio
D LNn
0.075 2 0.10 20001 x
x
3
4
4
60 s
m
P
1318.9
CR d
PD 14.7262 L
Ps
573.13
s

Mass flow rate of refrigerant in kilograms per


second.

CR 2.301

9.

Shaft power in kilowatts

Pshaft

PT
5kW

O 0.80

Pshaft 6.25kW

10. Compression Efficiency

comp

O 0.80

m 0.75

comp 106.67%