This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
2ND EDITION 2015
BOOKS BY PETER FRITZ WALTER
Sovereign Immunity Litigation
Coaching Your Inner Child
The Leadership I Ching
Leadership & Career in the 21st Century
Integrate Your Emotions
Krishnamurti and the Psychological Revolution
The New Paradigm in Business, Leadership and Career
The New Paradigm in Consciousness and Spirituality
The New Paradigm in Science and Systems Theory
The Vibrant Nature of Life
Shamanic Wisdom Meets the Western Mind
The Better Life
Creative Learning and Career
Your Daily Companion
For Practical Guidance
Second Expanded And Revised Edition, 2015
By Peter Fritz Walter
Published by Sirius-C Media Galaxy LLC
113 Barksdale Professional Center, Newark, Delaware, USA
©2015 Peter Fritz Walter. Some rights reserved.
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This publication may be distributed, used for an adaptation or for deriva-
tive works, also for commercial purposes, as long as the rights of the author
are attributed. The attribution must be given to the best of the user’s ability
with the information available. Third party licenses or copyright of quoted
resources are untouched by this license and remain under their own license.
The moral right of the author has been asserted
Set in Palatino
Designed by Peter Fritz Walter
2nd Edition, Expanded and Revised, 2015
Free Scribd Edition
Business & Economics / Leadership
Publisher Contact Information
Author Contact Information
About Dr. Peter Fritz Walter
About the Author
Parallel to an international law career in Germany, Swit-
zerland and the United States, Dr. Peter Fritz Walter (Pi-
erre) focused upon fine art, cookery, astrology, musical
performance, social sciences and humanities.
He started writing essays as an adolescent and received a
high school award for creative writing and editorial work
for the school magazine.
Upon finalizing his international law doctorate, he studied
psychology and psychoanalysis and started writing both
fiction and nonfiction works.
After a second career as a corporate trainer and personal
coach, Pierre retired as a full-time writer, philosopher and
His nonfiction books emphasize a systemic, holistic, cross-
cultural and interdisciplinary perspective, while his fiction
works and short stories focus upon education, philosophy,
perennial wisdom, and the poetic formulation of an inte-
Pierre is a German-French bilingual native speaker and
writes English as his 4th language after German, Latin and
French. He also reads source literature for his research
works in Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, and Dutch.
All of Pierre’s books are hand-crafted and self-published,
designed by the author. Pierre publishes via his Delaware
company, Sirius-C Media Galaxy LLC, and under the im-
prints of IPUBLICA and SCM (Sirius-C Media).
In memory of Richard Wilhelm (1873-1930)
A German sinologist, theologian, scholar and missionary
who lived in China for twenty-five years, Richard Wil-
helm has made the first translation for the West of the
Book of Changes, in German entitled ‘I Ging: Das Buch der
This book, the result of a colossal scholarly achievement,
was translated to English by Cary F. Baynes and pub-
lished by Princeton University Press in the United States
in 1950 (Bollingen Foundation). It contains an important
Foreword by Carl Jung.
The author’s profits from this book are being donated to charity.
How this Book Can Help You!
The I Ching and HeartMath® Research
The Technique 45
A Road Map for Your First Consultation
Watch Your Mood
Ask Your Question
Make the Hexagram
The Moving Lines
Reading the Hexagrams
Base Structure of the I Ching 51
THE LEADERSHIP I CHING
What is Right Action?
The Men of Old
First Line Yang
Second Line Yang
Third Line Yang
Forth Line Yang
Fifth Line Yin
Sixth Line Yin
Patterns of Change
The I Ching and Morality
The I Ching and Emotions
The Reflection Pattern
The Karma Pattern
Three Phases of Action
Non-Action vs. Bold Action
The Hexagrams 111
64 Hexagrams and 384 Lines
1 Qian 113
Yang / Creative Energy / The Active Principle
2 Kun 117
Yin / Adaptive Energy / The Receptive Principle
3 TUN 121
Difficult Begin / Birth Pangs / To Be Stationed
4 MENG 125
Immaturity / Lacking Experience / The Undeveloped
5 XU 129
Waiting Patiently / Stagnation / Hesitation
6 SONG 133
Dispute / Conflict / Inner Struggle
7 SHI 137
The Army / Military Leadership / Collective Power
8 BI 141
Fellowship / Unity / Togetherness
9 XIAO CHU 145
Small Accumulation / Limitation / Incremental Progress
CONTENTS 10 LI 149 Conduct / Behavior / Attitude 11 TAI 153 Peace / Harmony / Success 12 PI 157 Obstacle / Adversity / Obstruction 13 TONG REN 161 Fellowship / Community / Uniting with People 14 DA YOU 165 Great Harvest / Power / Abundance 15 QIEN 169 Modesty / Humility / Moderation 16 YU 173 Enthusiasm / Harmony / Expansion 17 SUI 177 Compliance / Following / Diligence 18 GU 181 Correct Corruption / Improve Things / Act Against Decay 19 LIN 185 Advancing / Going Forward / Progress 20 GUAN 189 Contemplation / Stocktaking / Reflection 21 SHI HO 193 Biting Through Hardship / Correction / Reform 22 BI 197 Adornment / Beauty / Grace 23 BO 201 Erosion / Decline / Fragmentation 24 FU 205 Return / Renewal / Revival 25 WU WANG 209 Innocence / Unexpected Happening / Surprise 9 .
THE LEADERSHIP I CHING 26 DA CHU 213 Great Potential / Creative Energy / Great Power 27 YI 217 Nourishment / Nutrition / Self-Cultivation 28 DA GUO 221 Critical Mass / Great Excess / Imbalance 29 KAN 225 Watery Depths / Danger / Abyss 30 LI 229 Fire / Synergy / Cooperation 31 XIAN 233 Mutual Attraction / Wooing / Marriage 32 HENG 237 Constancy / Continuation / Perseverance 33 DUN 241 Retreat / Withdrawal / Going Backward 34 DA ZHUANG 245 Power of the Great / Great Strength / Use of Strength 35 JIN 249 Success / Progress / Advancement 36 MING YI 253 Time of Darkness / Ignorance / Difficulty 37 JIA REN 257 Family / The Clan / Group Life 38 KUI 261 Contradiction / Opposition / Disharmony 39 JIAN 265 Obstruction / Obstacle / Difficulty 40 JIE 269 Dissolution of the Problem / Release / Liberation 41 SUN 273 Sacrifice / Decrease / Reduce the Excessive 10 .
CONTENTS 42 YI 277 Benefit / Increase / Advantage 43 GUAI 281 Resolution / Decisiveness / Rushing Ahead 44 GOU 285 Contact / Encounter / Temptation 45 CUI 289 Congregation / Gathering / Harmonizing 46 SHENG 293 Rising / Progress / Going forward 47 KUN 297 Adversity / Exhaustion / Entrapment 48 JING 301 The Well / Water Hole / Reaching the Water 49 GE 305 Revolution / Reformation / Groundbreaking Change 50 DING 309 Cauldron / Harmonization / Stability 51 ZHEN 313 Force of Thunder / Shock / The Arousing 52 GEN 317 Keeping Still / Impediment / Non-action 53 JIAN 321 Gradual Progress / Step-by-Step Plan / Positive Development 54 GUI MEI 325 The Maiden / Marriage / Subordination 55 FENG 329 Peak / Abundance / Over-Capacity 56 LU 333 The Wanderer / Traveling / On the Road 57 XUN 337 Gentle Wind / Conformity / Submissiveness 11 .
THE LEADERSHIP I CHING 58 DUI 341 Joyousness / Enjoyment / Contentment 59 HUAN 345 Scattered / Dispersion / Dissolution 60 JIE 349 Self-Restraint / Limits / Limitation 61 ZHONG FU 353 Inner Truth / Insight / Faithfulness 62 XIAO GUO 357 Predominance of the Small / Restraint / Minor Excess 63 JI JI 361 After Crossing the Water / Already Done / After Completion 64 WEI JI 365 Before Crossing the Water / Not Yet Done / Before Completion Annex 369 Book Reviews Books Reviewed Bibliography 381 Contextual Bibliography 64 Hexagrams 399 A Synopsis Personal Notes 401 12 .
Preface How this Book Can Help You! .
Most of them left me with the discovery that a too nar- row and ‘literal’ translation of the wisdom book results in a sort of verbiage that is not of our time. some I Ching editions authored by famous Taoist masters. I have consulted half a dozen of famed interpretations over the years start- ing with the perhaps most classic one by Richard Wilhelm. There are now countless books on the market that extensively explain. Metamorphoses This book is not only about the I Ching or the age-old Art of Divination. In this case it would not bring something new and original to you. —Ovid. bear in its womb the seeds of change. and it’s not just another interpretation. such as Hua-Ching Ni. Baynes (1967). All ebb and flow. translated by C. and every shape that’s born. annotate and interpret the ancient Book of Changes. The present interpretation of the old wisdom book has grown with me over the last twenty years. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING There is nothing constant in the universe. contain their par- ticular teaching. and that can at times be quite misleading. The I Ching or Book of Changes. dear Reader. —Richard Wilhelm. as the I Ching is called by most scholars. 14 . In addition.
—Hua-Ching Ni, The Book of Changes and the Unchanging Truth
If one is a disciple of their philosophical school or doc-
trine, this may be agreeable, but when that is not the case,
the practical use of the I Ching for your daily divinations is
restricted because you are served a terminology that you
Last not least, we are living in a modern society today,
and our thinking has switched from a moralizing mode, so
typical for former centuries, to a functional mode.
With the expression ‘functional mode’ I mean that we
today are more inclined to find moralistic reasoning a part
of ‘religious’ sectarian opinions and rather unfit for a per-
son who is spiritually awake, whereas we more easily wel-
come an empirical approach to life that is based on scien-
tific evidence and human experience.
The HeartMath® research that I am going to discuss in
the Introduction is such an approach: it is scientific, yet it
proves age-old wisdom traditions right that say we have
an intelligence of the heart that is different from the intelli-
gence of both our brain and our body. This ‘Heart IQ’ as it
is also called is in my opinion responsible for the fact that
divination works, for it’s our heart which knows what is
right in every moment and for each and every decision.
Thus when we divine, we are doing nothing else than
involving our heart in our decision-making process!
THE LEADERSHIP I CHING
The I Ching has a clear and natural approach to moral-
ity, which means it does not embody a ‘moralizing’ ap-
proach. Taoism is based upon natural or genuine morality
which can be expressed in what has been termed the
‘golden rule’ of not doing to others what you don’t what
others do to you.
For example, the I Ching has nothing against wealth,
but it is not enamored with poverty either; it recommends
to remain simple and to see that our efforts should surpass
a mere striving for comfort, as comfort alone cannot give
meaning to our lives. However, this does not mean that the
I Ching suggests us to stay out of the world or to retire in
the forests. Not at all. The art of living the I Ching teaches
is to stay in the world without becoming entangled with
Negativity in interpreting the I Ching, which I found in
all and every I Ching edition I was using, even those from
famous scholars from the East or West got me to draft a
radically new and modern interpretation that is using the
vocabulary of our time.
In truth, the I Ching doesn’t divide life in black and
white, as our media so often do. The idea that a ‘punish-
ing’ destiny is looming or that there is a revengeful God
are not in accordance with the philosophical approach of
the old wisdom book. It has to be seen also that especially
for beginners, to receive one of those really negative lines
may cause fear and even shock to you, and this is certainly
not beneficial to your evolution, for we never grow in wis-
dom by fear or shock!
We simply do not learn through fear to better our lives,
and our behavior, but through correct assessment of our
motives of action, and the situation itself.
Also, as my own interpretation of the I Ching focuses
on leadership, the art of leading others through properly
leading self, it is essential to start with a positive mindset,
rather than a fatalistic and superstitious one.
We are far beyond the times when people were consult-
ing fortune tellers; today serious astrologers, numerolo-
gists, cartomancers, and life consultants are changing their
consultancy style from ‘predictive’ to ‘psychological.’
All learning is gradual, and when it involves a change
of basic behaviors, it is incremental. This means that evolv-
ing ‘from chaos to coherence,’ to quote the title of a book I
will be talking about further down, will not be possible
It’s a slow and gradual process; it starts with building
awareness of ‘what is’ in order to move toward a different
way of seeing the world.
In my long years of experience with I Ching editions
that are overly negative, my moving forward in life was of-
ten slowed because of the fear triggered by some really
negative readings; and in some notable extreme cases, I
lost huge amounts of money because the I Ching reading
THE LEADERSHIP I CHING
was absolutely opposite to common sense and my clear intui-
I followed it nonetheless, addicted as I was at the time
to being ‘guided’ and that was a bad idea altogether—and
I tell you these stories not because I think my life is par-
ticularly important, but because they may serve you as a
warning to not do it the way I did it, and thus use divina-
tion to your advantage! In other words, divination has to
be done with reason, with common sense, not in a fatalistic
mood that believes there is only one right solution. Often
in life there are many more options for action than just one,
and many more modalities of how to act correctly.
All belief in ‘fate’ is outdated, based upon an archaic
magic-fatalistic worldview that has no place in a world
governed by science and reason.
For example, when I inherited my family fortune back
in 2000 and my main commercial tenant, an Italian Gelate-
ria, threatened me with not paying the rent for the next
sixth month—8,500 Euros/month—for out of the air if not
unlawful reasons, my first reaction was to go to a lawyer.
I was fortunate enough to have one right at the oppo-
site corner of the street where my property was. She was
not from our region, but from North Germany, a straight-
forward and tall woman with a firm intention and diction,
that you might call a tough career lawyer!
She was exactly what I needed, and I knew it immedi-
ately upon meeting her. She said:
—We have to strike hard, with a heavy blow to these
sunshine guys who want to play rolling skates with you
while they never spoke up against your mother as long as
she was the boss. You need to throw a stone, and a heavy
one! Please sign this form so that I can go to court and start
the action tomorrow morning at 8 am.
I hesitated, suddenly thinking, I will go home and con-
sult the I Ching before I make a decision.
She said okay, let’s talk about it again tomorrow morn-
ing at 7:30 am when I come to the office.
I went home and consulted the I Ching and it said that
to go ahead aggressively would end up on an impasse and
that I should conciliate. The next morning at 7:40 I called
her and told her to wait with the action. She replied that
she felt I was going to make a mistake but I did not listen.
At 10 am one of the two Italians came and asked for a talk.
We sat down and he said they were in trouble but would
not want me to lose out on rent. They could possibly not
pay for one or two months but would surely pay thereaf-
ter. I asked what happened and he confessed that he had
personal problems with his partner since quite some time,
that he had wanted to work for a local company and thus
break up with his partner but it had not worked out so far.
I more or less agreed, not sure what to do while before
consulting the I Ching I had a sure intuition that acting im-
mediately and aggressively was the right action!
THE LEADERSHIP I CHING
And I knew why. I knew the troublemaker was not this
tall and honest-looking Italian from Venice, but his little fat
partner with the innocent-looking gray eyes.
And my intuition had been correct. About two weeks
later I got a letter from their lawyer. They had taken a law-
yer who had been one of my colleagues at law school, a
man who had a big mouth and was notoriously wrong with
all his legal work. But as I had revealed his real face sev-
eral times in class by correcting his mistaken replies, and
the whole class had laughed at him, he had a matter to set-
tle with me.
In his letter, he confronted me with an absolutely inso-
lent ultimatum. I supposedly had to let them stay for the
next six months without receiving rent, then they would
go, and all that on the shaky grounds that there was ‘water
running down the walls in the cellar’ and that the pipes
were clogged and they could not produce icecream.
I immediately got the plumber who told me nothing
was clogged, and that I should be careful with ‘those Ital-
I took another lawyer, again following the I Ching, in-
stead of staying with the tall lady from the North. It was
another university colleague of mine, a soft-spoken young
man who was very gentle and ‘understood my situation.’
But he did nothing that was in any way effective and when
I invoked a clause in the contract to change the locks and
shut those tenants out because they were more than two
months in debit with the rent, he had a hundred argu-
ments against the procedure.
Then, destiny gave me another option. One day eating
icecream in an Italian Gelateria in the capital, I got to know
the owner, an Italian from Genova. I told him the story. He
—That’s my opportunity. I know your place since long
and I have only waited for this day. I will pay you 11,500
Euros per month and want to take the place over as soon
as possible. With me you have a stable tenant!
Baffled, I told him how he was going to solve the prob-
lem with the two Italian shop owners? He smiled and said:
—Among Italians we have got easy solutions …
Upon which he took out a gun from his pocket and put
it on the table. I froze to ice, saying I would think about it
and call him up the next day. I asked the I Ching that same
night and it predicted great danger if I chose this option. So
I let it go.
To make a long and painful story short. It was impos-
sible to get any money from them while they were put out
by court order after one entire year.
A month before the final judgment, they had evapo-
rated to Italy and my lawyer was unable to find out their
address. While they had to pay the costs of the trial, I had
to pay my lawyer and had rental losses of 85,000 Euros.
I knew by then that I had done it all wrong and should
never have listened to the I Ching!
THE LEADERSHIP I CHING
Then, during the financial crisis back in 2008, I made
another wrong assessment and financial decision following
the I Ching and lost another 70,000$. It was only after the
storm was over and the damage done that I discovered to
what point my readings at that time had been influenced
by my overall negative thoughts and emotions, and the mood
of panic I had been in.
As a result of this learning experience, I have used all
my diligence to render a new interpretation for those ‘criti-
cal’ hexagrams and lines in a way that You, the user of this
book, gets a signal that change is needed, without however
losing your spontaneity for decision-making in accordance
with your deeper intuition.
For one thing is really important, and it’s not revealed
in any of the I Ching literature I consulted. When a reading
flagrantly opposes and contradicts your intuition about the
matter, and you are tense and scared by the situation at
hand, do not follow the I Ching reading!
Either ask again when you are free of fear, or if the
situation is such that you remain tense and afraid of future
events, by all means follow your intuition, and not the I
Ching for you have then impacted negatively upon the reading
because of your negative emotions!
It is important that you understand that the I Ching—
and generally all divination—doesn’t overrule your intui-
tion. What you get is a suggestion, not more, and not less.
You do not need to follow it if you feel it’s not in har-
mony with your intuition, or that the reading is against
was reputed as a business person and had an ‘Italian only’ solution.25% in- terest. again because of the I Ching. PREFACE common sense or impractical or completely disregards the realities of life. and they were all negative. how you set it all up. the situation was even more clear-cut. it was clear to me from all my life experience that hitting hard and right away was the only correct thing to do. but changed her. Hence. for they had no stock market yet. Then life gave me another chance to get a new Italian tenant who paid me substantially more. and how you handle any kind of anxiety or anticipa- 23 . It was from the start the wrong decision but I was so scared that I obviously influenced the readings. And I had had the chance to get a good lawyer right away. and paid me a lousy interest of 0. for in this case I had made several.8% for my funds while in Cambodia I had got 8. the importance of how you prepare for a read- ing. while I following the I Ching got my money to a bank in Singapore who against initial promise did noth- ing to setup my portfolio. against a guy who had nei- ther a brain nor balls in his underpants. Why was I afraid? Why did I let him go? Twice destiny offered me solutions and twice I let them go because of the I Ching. In a case as with the Italians. absolutely nothing. which mindset you have at that time. I should have left my money in the bank in Cambodia in the first place for nothing happened to that economy during the financial crisis. In 2008.
which is a — yang line and an answer and when you throw three tails. but equally no answer. which is a — yang line. Head counts 3 and tail counts 2. which is a – – yin line. This brings me naturally to giving you some advice on how to divine with the I Ching. However if you throw three heads. thus when you get two heads and a tail. you get the number 7. but no answer. or you get two tails and a head which gives you the number 8. The easiest manner to con- sult the I Ching is to drop three coins on a flat surface six times. you get the number 9. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING tion. you get 6. which is a – – yin line and also an answer. It is also important to not make too many readings for the same question. Let’s say you throw 7-8-7-9-8-8 which results in Hexagram 55: 55 丰 FENG Peak / Abundance / Over-Capacity (— —) 8 (— —) 8 ——— 9 (———) 7 (— —) 8 (———) 7 24 .
vegetation dries up. While they are no di- rect answers to your question. it’s like the sun being too strong: the light is blinding one. he should not hold onto everything for himself. indirectly they are necessary for composing the hexagram that provides the overall an- swer. decline is inevitable. when some- thing reaches its point of fullness. and nothing can flourish. If one has more than enough. This overall answer is then to be seen under the lines and for this hexagram reads as follows: Things are at a peak or climax. This line reads as follows: 4—If you want to be useful. 25 . having learnt the lesson indicated by the 3rd line. We have also seen that you have drawn the 4th line as your direct answer. it’s like a tidal movement. Feng teaches the value of control in a situation of abundance so as to not overstress the cycle. When abundance becomes full. Everything in the universe follows this cycle. the universe will guide you and you will attract an associate with whom you can work to- gether to realize your goal. the land be- comes parched. 7 or 8 are no answers. which is why I have put these lines in parenthesis. A developed person uses their full deployment for serving others and enriching the world. but be charitable. PREFACE As we have seen. According to the natural law of balance.
Joseph Needham writes in his Foreword to The Genius of China (2013) by Robert Temple: Francis Bacon had selected three inventions. (Id. the I Ching incorporates all of the dynamic pat- terns of living that are resonance patterns of our thoughts. The wisdom of the I Ching is based upon the fact that all changes in nature occur as a matter of cyclic change. 10) Just as the Chinese were the first to invent the magnetic compass for navigating in the exterior world. or any conqueror’s achievements. but while this may be conspicuous. he thought. and the magnetic compass. than any religious convic- tion. or help you in making a sound decision? That sounds almost impossi- ble for anybody who first hears about it. they coined the I Ching as a compass for navigating our interior world. paper and printing. and vibrational patterns of our emotions. or any astrological influence. to transform completely the modern world and mark it off from antiquity and the Middle Ages. which had done more. it is less obvious how these changes come about . He regarded the origins of these inventions as ‘ob- scure and inglorious’ and he died without ever knowing that all of them were Chinese. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Now you may ask how is it possible that by any means the I Ching can know what’s going on inside of your mind and even how it can help predicting your fate. gunpowder. together with the 26 .. and what the patterns of those changes are! Based upon the binary code that was long unknown in the West.
While modern medicine uses a mechanistic approach and is focused upon symp- toms. Chinese medicine is concerned with the underlying causes of disease. and that—5000 years ago. just as our science develops it now after its long ‘Newtonian Sleep. and therefore has developed a valid ap- proach to disease prevention. As we today know from systems research and quan- tum mechanics. these patterns are energy fields and the I Ching detects if they are harmonious and thus beneficial or inharmonious and harmful. Chinese medicine is able to diagnose disease long before it is actually manifesting in the physical body. which also have a certain positive or negative resonance. A good example is medicine. all we think and do creates interference patterns in the energy ocean of the universe. PREFACE actions we set in the world. and then correcting the condition by establishing harmony. The I Ching somehow got the blueprint of it all. we can actually draw a comparison to acupuncture. It’s quite a feat! The Chinese worldview was a holistic one in those olden times. The I Ching deals in a similar way not with the body but with the patterns of living. by examining the underlying energy field of the patient. detecting imbalances or blockages in the flow.’ For an unbiased ob- server it is obvious that nature is not a machine and doesn’t function like a clockwork. The acupuncturist fo- cuses on the energy flow in the body. Using pulse reading and acu- puncture. To understand how the I Ching works. 27 .
avoiding to ingest all the more or less tedious anecdotic or historical details that those voluminous commentaries pre- sent. the Book of Changes and the Unchanging Truth (1983) by Master Hua-Ching Ni consists of more than 650 pages. the first 215 pages are meant to be introductory yet are highly difficult to understand! My goal in writing this book was thus to present to the reader a practical and modern interpretation of the I Ching which has incorporated the important research on inner coherence and success principles that HeartMath® research 28 . What I tried to do in writing this book is to help you as a beginner to focus your learning efforts on the essential. For example. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Let me say a last word about how you benefit from this book compared to a classical I Ching interpretation. I was for a long time wading through hundreds of pages of material that confused me more than anything. until I started to actually use the I Ching for divination. This kind of information is not directly relevant for consulting the I Ching while it’s of course of high interest for the scholar. Richard Wilhelm’s world-famous first interpreta- tion of the I Ching in history is divided in two parts. As I did not myself find a book that gave me such a practical opening path for working with the I Ching. But to this very day I cannot see how the second part adds on to the first part without giving a lot of non-essential and rather confusing additional information? Likewise. both of which contain relevant information.
29 . Boulder Creek. 2004. From Chaos to Coherence. Doc Childre and Bruce Cryer. —See. CA: Planetary. PREFACE delivered and that has been taken over by many business leaders and Fortune 100 companies all over the world. for example.
Introduction The I Ching and HeartMath® Research .
they looked at the stars and tides. —See Fritjof Capra and Pier Luigi Luisi. the Book of Changes was a co-operative effort spanning many centuries. These early sages were great observers of na- ture. It is quite astonishing to see that those sages had an acute awareness of the hidden parallelism 32 . in his I Ching interpretation. L. Like the Bible. ever-evolving or- ganism in which everything is connected: an interconnected system of relations. warfare. They then condensed their insights into the sixty-four hexagrams of the I Ching. Their idea of nature was of a fluid. they looked at how things change in na- ture. thereby falsifying hun- dreds of years of speculative. Wing. and how structures organically emerge. and the rules pertaining to the welfare of the family. R. Contrary to Western philosophers who thought of the cosmos as a static arrangement of atoms. makes the as- sumption that the deepest ideas conveyed in the I Ching were handed down orally from the elders of nomadic Sibe- rian tribes. phi- losophy. government. plants and animals. and largely superfluous. which is exactly what cutting-edge sys- tems research now reveals to us. ancient Chinese scholars put their focus on the organic and systemic nature of the universe. They also made out the patterns of social life. The Systems View of Life: A Unifying Vision (2014). and the cycles of all natural events. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING The I Ching may well be the oldest book on the planet.
the Duke of Chou. which is a collection of philosophical essays on the I Ching. Among them are Lao Tzu.C. Another influential author and commentator of the I Ching was King Wen. Chu Hsi. At that time. social patterns. The authorship of the I Ching is attributed to the leg- endary Fu Hsi. all great scholars were devoting much time and energy to study the I Ching and write their own commentaries for it. warfare strategies. 33 . The legend goes that a dream had revealed to him a hexagram displayed on the wall of his cell. Mencius. upon which he began to describe his mental images in words. Confucius (551-479 B. known as the Ten Wings. INTRODUCTION between agricultural cycles. and his son. completed his fa- ther’s work by writing complete commentaries on all the lines of each hexagram. King Wen took the throne.C.). who ruled China during the third millen- nium B. courtly man- ners. He is said to have written his commentary on the I Ching during the time of his imprisonment under the tyrant Chou Hsin. After he was rescued from prison. and the practice of self-cultivation. and Chuang Tzu. the founder of the Chou Dynasty (1150-249 B. cosmic events.C. Mo Tzu.) made the perhaps most im- portant contribution. He is said to have created the arrangement of the initial eight trigrams that are at the basis of all the sixty- four hexagrams. and even later in ancient China.
The anecdote goes that he consulted the I Ching so of- ten during his later years that he had worn out three times the leather thongs holding together the parchment upon which it was written. He came across Richard Wilhelm’s celebrated translation for which he later wrote an important Foreword. and especially the development of leadership qualities. and the cosmic memory of archetypal forces which he named as the ‘collective unconscious. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Confucius was among the first philosophers who con- sidered the potential of the I Ching for self-development.’ 34 . Another important I Ching scholar was Carl Jung. Jung saw in the I Ching a brilliant mind map of human nature and cosmic order.
known to have studied and worked with the I Ching for many years. it could be called a developmental energy. The old Chinese called it the dualism of ying and yang. Modern science has revealed it through quantum me- chanics and calls it the Quantum Field or Quantum Vacuum. the field nature explains sufficiently why electrons are entangled even over huge distances and why there can be ‘spooky motion at a distance. is now considered as obsolete by modern physics in the sense of a secondary mover. But the very core of the I Ching is the principle of po- larity which is an underlying reality in all of nature. it’s actu- ally a plenum. While this technical expression suggests that within this field. the exact contrary is true.‘ as a result. There is a line going through all the impending change in the cosmos. All the hexagrams in the I Ching are reflections of these polar yet complementary energies. or creational principle that the old Chinese called the Tao. As Ervin Laszlo put it in his book Science and the Aka- shic Field: An Integral Theory of Everything (2004). INTRODUCTION R. As Einstein put it. Wing writes in The I Ching Workbook (1984) that the search for a solution to the mystery underlying the con- stant motion and change in the universe has spawned both the science of physics and the earlier science of metaphys- ics.L. What the old Chinese called ch’i and in the West used to be called pneuma or ether. 35 . Carl Jung. there is nothingness.
But this has well been the case. as any other divination device. the I Ching is not just a manual for for- tune telling. it’s not a random event. let me explain how the recent. the way they fall has mean- ing. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING actually explained its working with synchronicity or meaningful coincidence. As we often today are afraid of change. actually projects the content of your subconscious mind. so that the change is intel- ligent and harmonious. so the I Ching. The resulting hexagram reflects the content of your subconscious mind which knows what the outcome of the situation will be. In this sense. smooth and predictable manner. Honestly. When you throw the coins. Following the I Ching you thereby become more flexi- ble in your overall approach to life and to problem-solving. nor a substitute for your intuition! Now. Stephen Covey reports in his book The 8th Habit (2004) that controlled double-blind scientific laboratory studies ‘are producing increasing evidence of the close relation- 36 . I did not expect that once scientific re- search would prove all my intuitive insights to be true. we can learn to become more change-friendly if we often consult the I Ching and follow its advice. quite revolution- ary HeartMath® Research both confirms and explains how our heart’s intuitive wisdom impact upon life and creates reality. The good news is that the I Ching will always counsel you to change in a non-hurtful.
Covey. 37 .’ —Daniel Goleman. let me outline here the quite far-reaching conclu- sions that Dr. London: Simon & Schuster. ‣ Our Mental Intelligence (IQ). Working with Emotional Intelligence. The 8th Habit: From Effectiveness to Great- ness. —See for example Daniel Goleman. ‣ Our Emotional Intelligence (EQ). New York: Bantam Books. New York. 1998. 2004. calling it our four intel- ligences: ‣ Our Physical intelligence (PQ). The IQ is our classical intelligence concept as affirmed by psychology and early brain research. in every field. summarizing his many years of research on emotional intelligence that ‘for star performance in all jobs. Before I go more into detail using the original research report. 1995. INTRODUCTION ship between body (physical). 31.’ —Stephen R. ‣ Our Spiritual Intelligence (SQ). mind (thinking) and heart (feeling). Goleman writes in one of his later books. 51. emotional competence is twice as important as purely cognitive abili- ties. Bantam Books. Emotional Intelligence. Covey drew from it. It was widened in the 1970s by the understanding of ‘emotional intelligence’ or EQ.
cough. your lungs to expand and contract. These scientists have termed the inner state that is con- ducive to success ‘inner coherence. When you consider how little of it you have to think about. and that peak performance is a result of inner peace is now confirmed by HeartMath® research. Boulder Creek. that is. What I was trying to point out in my own words. Doc Childre and Bruce Cryer write in their research report: The human body is an incredible system—roughly 7 tril- lion cells with a mind-boggling level of physical and biochemical coordination necessary just to turn a page. The notion that intelligence is a purely cerebral. Intelligence manages the whole system. When was the last time you reminded your heart to beat. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING The intelligence of our body. that self-regulation is built in our body and mind system. aloof activity uncontaminated and unaffected by emotions has been shown in this and much other recent research to be an outdated and misguided myth. 2004. much of it unconscious. or drive a car. CA: Planetary Publish- ing.’ Based on this insight. 27-28. namely our gut. or your digestive organs to secrete just the right chemicals at just the right time? These and a myriad of other processes are handled unconsciously for us every moment we live. they are talking about the need for inner leadership and in- 38 . it becomes even more amazing. and 33. —Doc Childre & Bruce Cryer. and our spiritual intelligence have been discovered only recently. From Chaos to Coherence: The Power to Change Performance.
2004. which means the human being that has also an irrational side. rather than always ra- tional. The mechanistic management solutions most executives have learnt and believed in are not working any longer because they disregarded the hu- man element.’ The authors write in their report: Creativity.’ We all live in a different world as we process the sensory date we receive according to our mental setup. Under the old leadership paradigm and before globaliza- tion. and is emotional. CA: Planetary Publish- ing. INTRODUCTION ternal self-management as the starting point of all highly ef- fective leadership. HeartMath® research confirms what ancient mystics knew. health and well-being all improve when mind and emotions are coherent and relatively noise-free. but with the networked world economy and the relocation of producing markets to 39 . From Chaos to Coherence: The Power to Change Performance. Boulder Creek. From my several years of work experience as a corpo- rate trainer in South-East Asia. our beliefs and our emotions to create what each of us ex- periences as ‘the world out there. namely that the world is an ‘internally created phe- nomenon. —Doc Childre & Bruce Cryer. decision-making. this was still quite workable. I know that today organiza- tions not just in Asia but everywhere in the world are chal- lenged at a very high level. 3.
a person often avoids learning environments and challenges because of unpleasant feelings imbedded in neural tracks in our brains during earlier learning experiences. This is why the individual learning experience assumes such importance. emotional management or misman- agement is more important in determining the long-term success of an organization than product success or proc- ess improvements. —Doc Childre & Bruce Cryer. It is not surprising. 34. that the authors summarize their research in these alarming terms: In an age of chaos. —Doc Childre & Bruce Cryer. It is also true that 80% of the Fortune 500 companies of 1970 have disappeared off the list. When executives and workers in a com- pany are left alone to self-manage their emotions and learn new knowledge. 34-35. they will fall back on old memories. From Chaos to Coherence. then. From Chaos to Coherence. Without conscious thought or choice. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING virtually everywhere on the globe. the old model proves to be increasingly insufficient. those namely they had in school or even earlier. This is as true of start-up firms that experience rapid success but are unprepared for its op- erational realities as it is for the massive older organiza- tion or institution affected by large-scale emotional tur- moil and malaise of its workforce. What this research also revealed is that the cognitive capacities of employees become far more sharp and effec- 40 .
but how long we need to build inner coherence! Research on emotional intelligence has shown that the most successful people in life are the ones who have learned to manage their emotional reactiveness. with many references.’ In so doing. Abundant re- search delivered the proof that millions of people today are maladapted to handle the stress of life in our modern con- sumer societies. 41 . Thus chaos is not the problem. He even asserted that some basic level of stress is needed for advancing in life. Hans Selye. Hans Selye was the first researcher who found that not all forms of stress are harmful. If organizations continue to leave people alone and without professional support in handling their emotional conflicts and challenges. 1978/1984. for example. in other words. understood and inte- grated. According to HeartMath® research it depends on the person’s ability to handle their individual ‘stress response. Revised Edition. New York: McGraw-Hill. both at work and at home. a person skilled in self-management can actually take stress as an opportunity for personal growth. neutral- izing or transforming negative emotions in the process of gaining a new richness of experience. The Stress of Life. —See. INTRODUCTION tive as emotions become balanced. our emotional system can cope with stress if stress levels remain within reasonable boundaries. they will not be able to help their staff handle the enormous stress that today is part of or- ganizational life everywhere on the globe.
This is one reason why heart intelligence is such a powerful metaphor for increasing personal and organ- izational effectiveness. and emotional maturity. contrary to traditional neuroscience. people can learn to ‘rewire’ neural tracks that inhibit learning. This fact alone opens enormous possibilities for assist- ing us with mind and brain changing tools targeting at not only boosting our performance level but changing our self- understanding in virtually limitless ways. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING —Doc Childre & Bruce Cryer. appre- ciation. growth. and that are necessary for achiev- ing success. The brain has showed to have an enormous plasticity for those processes of rewiring neural networks and for changing preferred neuronal pathways that were laid down in early childhood. From Chaos to Coherence. The ability to self-generate feelings such as care. 43-44. resulting in increased conscious aware- ness and greater intelligence. We need to stop blaming our emotional nature for mismanaged emotions 42 . —Doc Childre & Bruce Cryer. From Chaos to Coherence. 45-46. and compassion is key to greater brain efficiency. This research also demonstrated that when the electri- cal patterns of the brain synchronize with the rhythmic patterns of the heart people operate with greater physio- logical coherence. and a more emotionally balanced life. enhanced learning. One of the most cutting-edge findings of this research is that.
fundamental. and easily distracted. the am- plitude of the heart’s signal is 40 to 60 times stronger than that of the brain! A mind or organization without heart is scattered. —Doc Childre & Bruce Cryer. im- pulsive. 65% in anger. the first pri- ority. although the heart and brain each radiate electrical frequencies. People leave. The results measured after implementing this research are staggering. The old science of divination knew that there is an intelligence of our heart and that the heart emits vibrations into the universe that have an impact upon all of life and living! 43 . causing people to stay locked in self-justified mental loops. Groups operating only on instinct arising from gut feelings and often based in fear stay constrained in modalities that imprison the spirit and age prematurely. Incoherences rules. from the 7 trillion cells it nourishes to the life it sustains to the vitality it ensures—intuitive. miss- ing a heart intelligent perspective that could offer deeper understanding. INTRODUCTION and start to see the heart for what it is—the source of our core power intelligence! This is so much the more important as. and 44% in intentions to leave the company. core. businesslike. They included reductions of 65% in tension. From Chaos to Coherence. 87% in fatigue. intelligent. 51. The heart puts first things first. 55. Emotions and organiza- tions without the intelligent balance that comes from the heart create flash fires of instability and waste. Now let me explain how HeartMath® Research proved the divinatory method of cognition right.
and in a state of inner coherence. so that everybody involved in the situation is benefited. the I Ching. if not immediately. the Runes or any other method to help them in their decision-making. overcome any fears. will signal you the way to go. the Tarot. but our own heart’s lucid cognitive intelligence! Throughout this book. they can use divination. from the time of Bacon and Galileo until the upcoming of systems research in the 1940s. to make peace with yourself. and plunge into that state of lucid cognition that. face your future positively. was denied or declared ‘epiphenomenal’ during the phase of positivistic science. for the interpretation of the 64 hexagrams. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING This age-old insight. however. so the hours and days following your reading. I have used the expression ‘build inner coher- ence’ for indicating that the situation requires you to seek your focused state. Fact is that it’s not the divi- natory method as such that somehow ‘knows’ our future. 44 . Both the systems view of life and HeartMath® Research now clearly confirm the fact that when we are focused in- ternally. and thus to act properly. we have the abil- ity to lucidly plunge in a state of cognition that is highly aware of where we are steering and thus how our current thoughts and projects will develop on the timeline into the future! While most people are not consciously aware of these patterns of lucid cognition.
The Technique A Road Map for Your First Consultation .
so by preference place them close to this book. If you are restless or anxious. Allow your mind to be quiet. But any coins can do. avoid consulting it and choose a quieter moment. You may want to use a little ritual for getting into the right mood. It is important that you use these coins for no other purpose. the same size and the same weight! Before using the coins for the first time. to make sure your mobile is turned off and you haven’t any closely approaching ap- pointments. some paper. it is very important that you are in a relaxed and meditative state of mind before you set out to consult the I Ching. better: write it down. then focus upon the question. you may want to dedicate them by washing them and holding them up a moment in your closed hands in front of your frontal lobe (6th Chakra). Formulate the question clearly in your mind. in a dedicated 46 . THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Watch Your Mood As I mentioned it already. Get Prepared You need three coins. This preparation may focus your internal energy. Some prefer the original Chinese coins that are round with a square hole in the center. and a pen. and taking a few deep breaths. It is also important to avoid disturbance. lighting a candle. by burning an incense stick. the only thing is that they are of the same kind. You may choose the coins according to your taste and preferences.
uncluttered surface.. To repeat it.’ you can’t possibly get a correct answer for you put up two alternatives in the same question. THE TECHNIQUE drawer where there is no other material. you get potentially four different combinations: —Three tails. you may get a totally off-track answer. if you ask ‘Will it be beneficial if I travel to India for this next vacation. Make the Hexagram Then shake the coins in your cupped hand and let them fall onto a flat. In such a case. 6 (yin. and how you can learn to deal with the situation constructively. you may have all your divinatory tools in one and the same drawer. answer) 47 . except. if ever you also use the Tarot and the Runes.’ this is a fairly precise ques- tion. so avoid from the start to ask for two alternatives in one single question! For example. But if you are asking ‘Should I travel to India or to Bangladesh. If it is ambiguous. But you can well ask about a problematic situation in the following manner: ‘Why do I have constant problems with my boss?’ The answer you will get then will point you to the most intelligent way to handle the confrontation. in most cases the I Ching will tell you how you act in a way that is either inappropriate or inflexible. you will get an equally ambiguous reading. — —. Ask Your Question In my experience it is of great importance to clearly formulate your question. If you ask an either-or ques- tion.
the nines and the sixes. This means it’s hexagram 45 with the lines 1. I have found an easy way to write this down on your paper without needing to write the broken and unbroken lines. You simply write 45/1/4/5. with Lines 1. 8 (yin. consult Hexagram 45 below in the text. You can find that easily by taking your original sequence. 4 and 5 as answers. For example. Reading the Hexagrams The first hexagram comments on the current situation. answer ) —Two tails. printed in SMALL 48 . one tail. —. 6-8-8-9-9- 8 and then change the moving lines to their opposite. 9 (yang. To stay with our example. — —. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING —Three heads. the one into which the present hexagram will change. 7 (yang. You will then receive 9-8-8-6-6-8 which is Hexagram 24 (Re- turn). 4 and 5 changing. no answer) Now compose your hexagram on a sheet of paper. one head. when you draw 6- 8-8-9-9-8. —. no answer) —Two heads. That means you can then imme- diately compose the hexagram with the changed lines. look at the Hexagram Guide below and you will find it’s Hexagram 45. What is a changing line? The Moving Lines Now the lines that are answers. these lines are changing. First read the GENERAL ADVICE. or memorize your sequence.
THE TECHNIQUE CAPS under each hexagram. Then reflect how this additional information can be use- ful to you for further analyzing your situation. they are not valid in a changed hexagram. Then you try to find a synthesis or a direction in your reading. Do not look up the lines. You can only do that intuitively. 49 . then sum- marize it all in a short and concise sentence and write it down. only the GENERAL ADVICE. there is no recipe for how to do that. Read if necessary all this infor- mation over and over again until you get an inner hunch! Then look up the changed hexagram by reversing the yin lines into yang lines and vice versa. as I just explained it. 4 and 5. however. then look up the text for lines 1.
Base Structure of the I Ching What is Right Action? .
here spontaneity. Some of the translations of Lao-tzu are highly misleading in this respect. As there is today so much of unnatural conditioning. Nothing could be farther from the truth. Here freedom. against the perfume of sensuality. wrote: 52 . the real and the imitated. religions are sys- tems of worship. there blockage of intuition by obsessive scholarship and discipline. while here in reality two worldviews are opposing each other. The confusion starts with the very idea to design Tao- ism as either a ‘philosophy. here abandon- ment to intuition. the sensual and the extrasensorial. It’s pure wisdom. Yang Chu. or the shaping of desire by sensual perception. there moralistic life denial. Its very essence consists in defying any kind of system. Taoism is the contrary of a system. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING The Men of Old Taoism is often misunderstood in our times of machin- ery.’ or a ‘religion’ while it’s none of these. a Taoist who lived in the 4th century B. Philosophies are systems of thought. The next point in this scholarly confusion about Taoism is the point to say it was against desire. appearing to give the impression of an approach to life which is dry and scholastic.C. there artificiality. the machinery of mind. people are often unable to recognize what is real. and what is fake. One of the main points in this confusion is to associate Taoism with Confucianism. the conceptual trap. the confu- sion about the existential and the imaginary.
something that has no absolute value. For name and praise. and repressed none of their bodily desires. Since they cared noth- ing for fame after death. such a worldview is highly difficult to un- derstand. virtue is to be considered as a rather fleeting. They denied none of the natural inclinations. This statement is true. the value of virtue is today questioned with the result that ‘correct behavior’ is de- fined as all behavior that is within the law. they were beyond the law. as so many oth- ers. But in our days of hero culture’s pseudo values. while apparently this poem. volatile notion. In screwing down virtue to a mere conformity with reigning laws. As laws are constantly changing. Ignorant folks are likely to jump to the conclu- sion that. it became itself a concept. it was relativized. then. They sauntered through life gathering its pleasures as the impulse moved them. In truth. they cared not at all. sooner or later. 53 . appears to deny the value of sensuality or of the sen- sual world. under this modern idea. BASE STRUCTURE OF THE I CHING Yang Chu The men of old knew that life comes without warn- ing and as suddenly goes. a long life or short one. Whereas those men were living virtuous lives. Let me quote one of Lao-tzu’s poems to show what he really means. the confusion is one of values. those ‘old men’ must have been criminals. They never felt the spur of fame.
but the experience shared by somebody who has indulged in sensual experiences and comes to a point of satiation. Only somebody who has had the expe- rience of sensual abundance can know that after indulgence. Racing and hunting madden the mind. this voice of wisdom is the manna shared by our higher self. This is meant when Lao-tzu’s says that the sage doesn’t go for fame.’ simply because he knows that all human laws are ul- timately deeply and grossly unjust. a point where intuition says that wisdom is flowering when one listens inside. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Lao-tzu The five colors blind the eye. What this means is not that he shuns the world. but that he might be insulted anyway because he thinks differently about what ordinary people call ‘the law. which then comes as a profound insight. This poem is not a recipe for life-denial. with eyes of won- 54 . to look at life with pure eyes. The five tones deafen the ear. The five flavors dull the taste. He lets go of that and chooses this. at a moment when all senses are satisfied. not an abase- ment of the senses. Therefore the sage is guided by what he feels and not by what he sees. Precious things lead one astray. That is why the sages of old advised to practice decon- ditioning.
promoted the values of the inner child. These men look childlike. Having to live on. and their squared stiff faces full of hatred and violence. If it was. and carefree. Therefore they are rebellious. one knows better than to value life too much. The following shows that this childlike wisdom is not a form of foolishness or numbness. Why are the people rebellious? Because the rulers interfere too much. Therefore the people are starving. as we would say today. it would not bring something new and original as there are now countless books on the mar- 55 . with their hard rigid mechanical bodies. abso- lutely the contrary of our modern heroes. or lack of a sense of reali- ty—in the contrary. which can be seen in the depictions of sages. Why do people think so little of death? Because the rulers demand too much of life. That is why they. innocent. Therefore the people take life lightly. with a child’s eyes. and of Lao-tzu himself. It shows that this mindset brings about a keen sense for justice and political realities: Lao-tzu Why are people starving? Because the rulers eat up the money in taxes. This chapter is not about I Ching divination in the or- dinary sense. BASE STRUCTURE OF THE I CHING der.
and the wisdom of subtle cosmic guidance. If you wish to study the I Ching in depth. my understanding of life and living was uplifted through practicing divination on a daily basis since twenty years. rooted me in my new profession as a coach and cor- porate trainer. and with that decision. These years also coincided to be those during which I was beginning to coach groups. you should either buy one of the traditional I Ching translations. For example. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING ket that extensively explain. My motivation for changing 56 . or you should use a translation and annotation by a Taoist master. —Richard Wilhelm. I Ching. I wanted to understand the underlying patterns of living that are at the basis of all divination. The Wilhelm Lectures on the Book of Changes (1995). annotate and interpret the an- cient Chinese wisdom book. See also Helmut Wilhelm. and the roots of human behavior. conditioning. and privately. such as the one by Richard Wilhelm. behavior patterns. and Hua Ching Ni. I am today using the I Ching translation and interpretation by Master Hua-Ching Ni. And indeed. and the change re- sulting from it. The Book of Changes and the Un- changing Truth (1999). The I Ching or Book of Changes (1967). on the other. both in the corporate set- ting. but it had a practical purpose. This uncanny kind of holistic learning about emotions. my former career as an international law- yer had clearly found an end. that I myself used during the first years of my diligent study of the I Ching. on one hand. Studying the I Ching was not for me a form of l’art pour l’art.
to facilitate their relationships. to sustain people’s desire for conflict and ‘being right. This is. And it is destined to help you better understand yourself and others. The I Ching helped me on my way to find my true mis- sion. as it is the fruit of experience.C. while it interested me in some way. Understanding yourself and understanding others is however impossible without understanding the underlying cosmic patterns of living. and one was supposed to take sides and defend interests. was not satisfying my desire to help people grow. BASE STRUCTURE OF THE I CHING my professional career was the outcome of a deep reflec- tion about the sense of life. they are rooted in a universal scheme of cosmic interactions that is little known or totally unknown to psychologists today. and in their paths of life. The law profession. Human beings do not function dif- ferently from the rest of life on earth. then.). and not only of theoretical study. To be a lawyer meant. I understood that I am deeply interested in human beings. in daily practice. in the last generation of the Shang Dynasty (1766-1121 B. and to help them lead happier lives. perhaps the value of this personal guide about the I Ching. Master Hua-Ching Ni explains in his thorough interpretation of the I Ching: 57 . The I Ching or Book of Changes is an ancient text that is said to have been completed during the rulership of King Wen in China.’ for fighting each other. and my mission. Besides that.
The Complete Works of Lao Tzu (2003). com- bined with modern city life. acupuncture. always remains the true source of life. Great Nature. see Hua-Ching Ni. This integral vision of the universe became the spiritual faith of ancient devel- oped people. It was the broad and plain foundation for their discovery of spiritual truth and secret methods. we can use the line system of the Book of 58 . obscures the signifi- cance of nature in the lives of people today. and the internal work of spiritual self-cultivation all make living in harmony with nature their foundation. This conclu- sion was drawn after long internal and external searching which revealed the balanced way of life as the fundamental path. The Book of Changes and the Unchang- ing Truth (1999). our overgrown human population. To restore our understanding of this integral truth. Most significant was the discovery that the laws of Nature are also the laws of humanity and that since Nature and human- ity are one. —Hua Ching Ni. Regarding the Tao Teh Ching. Since life is the main theme in all useful knowledge. Master Ni pursues: Master Ni In contrast. the Tao Teh Ching. p. however. I Ching. 4. Regarding today’s modern culture. the Book of Changes. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Master Ni The system of hexagrams which we call the Book of Changes or I Ching was one of the first great suc- cesses in ancient man’s attempts to find the laws which regulate all phenomena. mentioned in this quote. internal medicine. harmony is the key to life.
59 . the upper three lines compose the upper trigram. I Ching. The upper trigram deals with the culmination and the end of processes or projects. yin and yang. pp. 3-4. positively or negatively. — Hua Ching Ni. Each hexagram is composed of six lines. We can consider each hexagram or kua as an energy pattern that is a unique mix and vibrational code of the two base energies. 3-4). Hexagrams are dynamic pat- terns in that there is a down-to-up movement contained in them.. BASE STRUCTURE OF THE I CHING Changes to study the way in which people and events develop. there are many cycles interwoven with each other that contribute to giving flexible stability to every natural system or process. All sixty-four hexagrams are combinations of the eight base trigrams that Master Ni calls The Eight Natural Forces. The lower trigram thus deals with matters that are in their beginning stage. There are countless studies on the base structure of the I Ching and how it came about with its sixty-four hexa- grams that are compositions of two trigrams each. The first three lines correspond to the lower trigram. from the start of a project until about half way into its realization. In nature’s harmonious and balanced Web of Life. The Book of Changes and the Unchanging Truth (1999). yin by a dotted line. and a certain time-span inherent in that movement. represented symbolically by lines. (Id. Yang is represented by a solid line.
The guiding advice of this hexagram is: USE YOUR STRENGTH PRUDENTLY. in all hexagrams. except in a few hexagrams where the 6th line is entirely positive. Let me explain the base structure of each hexagram us- ing Great Strength (34) as an example. In all new endeavors it is wise to use the first time of a new 60 . First Line Yang The 1st line. expresses a beginning. in most hexagrams. when you draw the 2nd and the 5th line of a hexagram. it is also the most influential line or decisive factor in the hexagram. and it holds the whole hexagram together. in every cycle. The structure of the hexagram is yang-yang-yang-yang-yin-yin. which is always the 5th line. the balancing force is expressed in the central line of the hexa- gram. and without considering the divination result. as for ex- ample in Great Amassment (26) where the top line is inter- preted as Heavenly Blessing. you can almost be sure that you got a favorable reading for your project or idea. In general. In most cases. there is what Master Ni calls the balancing force. In the case of pure yang and pure yin. this line signifies a position of leadership. The 6th line. deals with some or the other form of excess and thus signals a setback or failure to expect in the future. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING —See Fritjof Capra. If I am excessive at the start of a project. Now. The Web of Life (1997) and The Systems View of Life (2014). I risk early failure.
(Id. I may have gathered enough in- formation and experience so as to go ahead in my en- deavor in a more decisive and forward-looking way than at the start. The Book of Changes and the Un- changing Truth (1999). I Ching. This line reads: Caution in using strength brings good fortune. then I might be rejected or encounter failure. exploring opportunities. the feedback of the environment regarding my impacting upon things and people. the first line reads as follows: Too much strength in the toes.) 61 . All further references in this chapter are taken from Master Hua-Ching Ni’s I Ching edition. In Great Strength (34). — Hua-Ching Ni. Such strength will surely lead to misfortune. when I come over as the person who believes he knows all. BASE STRUCTURE OF THE I CHING project for gathering knowledge. and getting familiar in a new environment. The right attitude at the start of a new project is caution and respectful humility as well as watchfulness so as to get. when I am the new one in a team and have the biggest mouth. Second Line Yang The 2nd line represents a more advanced stage in the realization of a project. 304. p. This means that when I am in an environment I am not yet familiar with and walk in the room with proud flair. The beginning stage makes moving ahead difficult. as early as possible.
THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Third Line Yang The 3rd line represents the end of the lower trigram. It is sometimes showing some form of excess. This line reads for hexagram 34: Those of self-development do not display their strength. 404) Forth Line Yang The 4th line represents a strong position. and reads: Continue marching in the right direction. All obstruc- tions will disperse. Use strength correctly. (Id. It is the first line of the upper trigram and thus can be said to play the role of a senior manager for leading the project to its final realization. Such a display of strength is like a goat attacking a fence.. or it may contain a warning to correct one’s attitude. frequently be- ing negative in its meaning. it can be said to be the higher octave of the beginning line. The 5th line 62 .) Fifth Line Yin The 5th line represents the central line in every hexa- gram. It is therefore sometimes also called the ruling line. its horns become weakened. (Id. As this line corresponds with the 1st line. You can say that when you get the 5th line in any divi- nation. in the proper place and at the right time. you are on the right track in some way. Inferior people willingly show their strength and thus create a dangerous environment. Because of its stubborn persistence.
In other hexagrams. the 6th line predicts a negative turn of events regardless of further action or retreat from 63 . (Id. No remorse. for example. 405) To summarize. again for hexagram 34: The stubborn goat attacks the fence. 28. probably because the person did not understand that she was be- having in a rigid. stubborn and aggressive manner.) Sixth Line Yin The 6th line represents the final stage of a project or en- deavor. or its final result. however. BASE STRUCTURE OF THE I CHING shows that there is a strong point in your project or en- deavor that bears some chance for success: One subdues oneself in order to end all confrontations. trouble will not last and there will be good fortune. such as. This line reads. In most hexagrams. And yet the 6th line still sees a possibility for the person to change and turn things in a positive direction. (Id. but can neither achieve its goal nor retreat. If one learns through one’s difficulties. No benefit. the 6th line expresses some or the other kind of excess and therefore gives a negative reading. in hexagram 34 we see the 6th line oper- ating more like a warning. in hexagrams 1. 63 or 64. Or it gives a warning and shows a way out of a possible dangerous turn of events. When you compare this line with the 5th line. 11.. you see that the good turn of events (abandoning stubborn behavior) did not happen.
In every condition is con- tained its opposite. and a new cycle of growth is put in motion. and not of unlim- ited strength. what bears the smaller is decreasing in size to become small itself. things have developed to a more condensed state of reality than in other hexa- grams. In the small boy is contained the great general. In stillness is contained movement. in hot is contained cold. in movement is contained stillness. What is contained is smaller as what bears it because it is in growth. 64 . However. the relentless movement of life slows down and comes to a point of profound stillness. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING action. and not of rigid willpower put into one-pointed action. Endurance and last- ing success thus are the result of balance. in this stillness is contained the grain for fur- ther movement. of flexible adaptation to circumstance. In yin is contained yang and in yang is contained yin. The universe is a dance. All is movement. for new life. in male is contained female. In death processes. With culmination and fullness decay sets in. Patterns of Change Nothing in life is static. It’s as if in these hexagrams. in the small girl is contained the famous film diva. When we observe changes. by the same token. However. they will last. we learn that if things are kept within reasonable boundaries and the balance of yin and yang is maintained.
BASE STRUCTURE OF THE I CHING When yin and yang are in balance. then. What appears to be stillness. this is called the middle way. he needs to make constant little movements to the left and to the right. is actually the result- ing line of a movement from left to right and from right to left. It is only because of the rapidity and the smallness of the con- trolling steering movements that we perceive the position of the steering wheel as still. When you take this as a metaphor and apply it to daily life. not a static condition. the car does not really move in a straight fashion but more in a wave-like manner. But the middle way is a dynamic. With the same logic as there is no straight line in nature. there is no car driver who ever would steer a car in a straight line. we be- come aware of the wave-like movement of the car on the straight highway. consequently. you see that the firm static position of the steering wheel is a mere illusion. 65 . You then become aware of the fact that for the man to steer the car in a straight manner. you see for example that when you design a web site. and. the direction of the car appears to us as straight and only by slowing down the film. For the same reason. however. being as picky as that in relationships lets you come over as a stodgy jerk. Let me use an image to exemplify this truth. or a stingy nerd. you need to be picky about every inch of space. When you film a man who steers a car on a straight highway and then review the video and put the playback speed to very slow.
it is recommended to show latitude with peo- ple. you actually show that you see the world as a dry arrangement of ideas. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Rather. you will see that the child in most cases does not just run away. This latitude you should show with people comes from the insight that all our weaknesses and what you may find obnoxious in others are but temporary stages or phases of development in a continuous cycle of change and growth. And to the extent that the dog’s fear de- creases. 66 . a form of well-meaning generosity that is founded on inner peace and high self-worth. and not as an organic and energetic whole that is in a process of constant and dynamic change. When you see a small child facing a dog she is afraid of. but gets into some kind of back-and-forth dialogue with the dog. A dog that is in peace is not a dog that bites. The amazing thing is that the dog’s own fear will decrease because of the game-like toggle approach of the small child. the dog becomes potentially less and less harmful to the child. Run away. come back —and wait and see further … This behavior is very intelligent because the dog will respond to it. Fears are guideposts to what lies ahead to be explored for further self-expansion. When you treat life and people as straight lines. This is true for our fears and worries as well. Most progress in life we make by overcoming fears. and procrastinate. come back—run away. The biggest mistake we can do in life is to stay away from what we are afraid of.
But let me assure you: there is nobody who always goes forward. you may in- tuitively practice the same approach—and perhaps judge it negatively. It’s the way that feels good. You may swing back-and-forth and go ahead a little step and the next day step back a mile. Or your steps for- ward and backward are of equal length. your intuition always is watchful and each time when you swing forth or back. the child enters a nonverbal dialogue with the dog which says: —I am interested in you but I am careful not to make you afraid.’ —Hexagram 3 (Difficult Begin). it will give you little hints. in lowering your fear as well! So let’s play a little swing … which will help us to get acquainted with each other. The most dangerous moments for your peace of mind are not those where you are busy. and not even those when 67 . The encouraging hints you get and the ones that hold you back of going further are battling within you. No. and you will be clear. what the right way to go is for you. When you have a new and daring project. The natural way when starting something new is to swing toward your project and away from it for a certain while. which is already better. The I Ching expresses this truth with ‘he lin- gers for a while and eventually gets settled. This is how I want to lower my own fear. at the end. BASE STRUCTURE OF THE I CHING The child does not say: run away forever and see this dog never again. Of course. First Line.
The only time you need posi- tive thought is the time when you are not positive. When we are at rest. It starts with the more general worries. fate—and if you allow these general worries to erode your peace of mind. but only if you keep your mind unspoiled by destructive or nihilistic ideas. fortune. that I call the 3F-worries. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING you are tired. and especially in moments where you think you can just whistle and hang around doing nothing. destructive thought infiltrates like a bunch of cockroaches creeping in a lone- some house. This is so be- cause nonaction favors change as life patterns typically change when we are in a poised. we should prepare for war! This laconic dictum means to be mindful all the time. Sun Tzu. the worry pattern will get stuck with one or the other specific worry issue that acts like a worry-trigger every time you get back thinking about it. However. Positive thought is a funny thing because all speak about it when they are anyway positive. The I Ching 68 . It’s the moments when you feel bored because all is working so smoothly. Nonaction is certainly most creative. future. in The Art of War quotes the general Pan Lo who said that for holding on to peace. and when we sit back a little from our daily duties. this positive condition for change is spoiled when we worry. you got used to your comfort and safety and have nothing to worry about. but caught in the trap of boredom and comfort. overworked or exhausted. relaxed condition.
BASE STRUCTURE OF THE I CHING does not help you being more positive. not a luxurious setting and a bored mind. But it also tells you when you should worry. There is a dynamic process in all growth. Here. worry increases. because danger stares you in the face while you are run- ning forward like a blind hen. but for this to happen. your success and your riches are suffocating you. And stress. And it shows you when your success is going to turn into failure because you try to hasten growth. Before you reach this state of consistency in controlling your mind. And doubt. We are most happy at a meal when we start the meal in a really hungry condition. but it helps you to understand why you are negative. and that is. the first dangerous abyss. as Pan Lo noted. and thus burden yourself with stress. Positive thought can be built into a habit. It asks you why you worry when there is nothing to worry about. you may apply positive thought as a remedy in all those moments when you feel your comfort. Or as some philosopher put it: there is nothing to defeat great and lasting success but small success. then a phase of achievement and success occurs. The small petty suc- cess is a danger because complacency tends to set in and effort decreases. Hunger is the best cook. And the motor of crea- 69 . first there is an effort. you need to invest considerable time and effort. And with it. your safety. is a primary source of worry. you can see how practical the cyclic principles are that the I Ching teaches. in turn. and this effort is most of the time so consuming that there is simply no space for worries.
he was so poor that sometimes he had to repeat eighteen hours per day for a role without having anything to eat for one or two days. Our human nature is such that the surest death blow to creativity is total satiation. sexual hunger or our fundamental human hunger for art. form of creativity: sex. tells in his autobiography that during his childhood. singers or pianists. he never was caught. When you read the autobiographies of famous crea- tors. and as he could run very fast. you will see that they invariably are most productive in the first years of their careers. —Klaus Kinski. You will then under- 70 . painters. When have you been most happy in your sexual affairs? Was it not during the times when you could have sex only once in a while and when you had to use one or the other form of creativity to find a good partner? It is interesting to see the parallels between the life of individuals and the life of companies. his family was so poor that he frequently was sent to steal food in the market. actors. a famous Polish-German actor. and more common. or for religion. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING tivity is pure enjoyment that comes from a different kind of hunger. at a time when they were still struggling in all possible ways to make a living and propagate their art to find an audience. You may have known this state when you look at another. Kinski Uncut: The Autobiography of Klaus Kinski (1997). And still when he was learning his art and got his first roles as an actor. Klaus Kinski.
but it destroys the fruit. When the planetary energy however is in retrogradation. Standstill and backward direction or retrogradation are essential movements in natural growth processes. BASE STRUCTURE OF THE I CHING stand why the I Ching invariably applies for the life of in- dividuals. This is called retrogradation in as- tronomy and astrology. I am talking about growth processes. and they have within the cycle the same importance as the forward direction. Thus. Every planet spins for several months in a year in the opposite direction. but a destructive one. the effects of the energy upon our life are delayed and they are for the most part felt on the inward level only. The I Ching expresses this truth with ‘Hastening growth lets the plant shoot up. it is expressed more on the outward level. When the energy of the planet is in forward direction. and its effects are immediate and mostly also visible. All life is growth. or unhealthy and destructive. the energy of a planet is interpreted also depending on its spin.’ When you measure growth only in terms of speed or what I call for- ward direction. but organic and natural growth. The lesson to learn from nature is to not desire blind or excessive growth. Cancer is a growth process as well. the effects of retrograding planets are in- 71 . you disregard the cyclical nature of life. and growth can be healthy and con- structive. In astrology. Excessive growth is destruc- tive. companies or even countries: it is because life patterns are universal and not bound to human nature.
even if it happens hun- dreds of years after their physical death. stagnation and backward direction. Truth cannot be veiled for long: it will eventually appear and shine through even the thickest layers of ignorance and malevolent de- nial of reality. Some astrologers. goes through three different phases: for- ward direction. ignorant about action patterns. Western scientific thought and philosophy. In last resort. to name only the most famous among them. the energy of human beings. in the bright morning hours. Picasso was creative in his younger years. speak of inverted planetary energy during the phase of retrogradation. life can only reward those who have really contrib- uted to the progress of humanity. But this statement is of course valid only regarding mainstream culture and mainstream science. Similar to planets. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING visible. in the growth process. Today. even in times of the most fundamental repression of holistic pro-life wis- dom in Europe. denying to credit the validity of the two other essential movements of life. timidly learning lessons in dim afternoon classes it should have learnt. as he was creative in his older years. but when he was young he was very poor and had barely the amount of food he needed 72 . the original holistic life science was taught and practiced in the underground by alchemists such as Paracelsus. for this reason. As I have shown in other publications. long ago. mainstream science is like a lazy school boy. considers positive only the forward direction.
I was still fi- nancially dependent on my mother and I had stressed the relationship with her up to a breaking point. Picasso. I had resisted the necessary change of a relationship pattern I was caught in and that later. He had to suffer for his art. as all great artists. and it was his passion for art and the pleasure to be creative that saved Picasso from the ultimate failure of giving up and exasperating before he was famous. I stubbornly rejected my mother’s point of view. Mastering Change The danger I am talking about is our need for change. lived apart from consumer culture. asking her for more and more money. but at the same time was very afraid of it. I felt I needed a big change. I became more and more aware that by marrying early in life. but he had to pay the price for it. but be- cause of the simple truth that I had married too young for a stable partnership and that my wife and me had very dif- ferent characters. my com- fort was not based upon a real foundation. BASE STRUCTURE OF THE I CHING for his subsistence. in 73 . She was not minding the money. only to admit later that I had wasted the best years of my life in a deeply problematic relationship that left me angry and frustrated. acclaimed and financially rewarded. my mother’s fine in- tuition was that my marriage was not going to hold for long. in addition. I had put myself in a golden cage and that. and this not because of any material reason. When I was at the end of my twenties.
Life is change and resistance to change is always a trap. When I speak about change. Without wanting to expand too much about my own little life. When you observe growth processes in nature you become aware very quickly that life essentially is change. however. Some coaches today specialize on what they call change management. sickness or a backlash in 74 . and more so if synchronistic events show you ways to change and you repeatedly disregard them. The changes in the external settings of your life are of lesser importance. Managing change is managing life. All what you change here has a direct impact on your ex- ternal life circumstances. When you resist change. I do not mean only out- ward change. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING psychotherapy. life may force you to change. When you change a pattern inside of you before you change it in your outward life. the change actually will feel organic when you incarnate it outwardly in your life. in your mindset and belief system. It’s like flowing with life. an accident. It’s as basic as that. was identified as a non-resolved Oedipus Complex. I tell these anecdotes as examples for how we may suffer from a resistance to change more than from ac- tual change. as if nothing special had happened. The really important changes are those inside of you. It’s what we use to call the welcome change. yet I think we should not separate this skill from the other skills we need in order to master life. Then something rather unde- sirable may happen.
It has always been taught by sages as the foremost quality for mastering life. a social or professional downfall or a tragedy in the family. in a world that changes faster than ever before. flexibility was never considered as an important life skill. Flexibility is somehow an Eastern value. I am dynamically involved with the present. I am out of focus for my own observation of life. because of a basically moralistic life paradigm. 75 . Asian cultures live through the profound changes modern life brings in a more dynamic and less hurtful manner than cultures that follow a pervading mor- alistic paradigm. BASE STRUCTURE OF THE I CHING one or the other of your endeavors. In fact. I study the past. and I move in the present. When I study scriptures. Flexibility and observation go to- gether in the same way as rigidity and principle-based liv- ing. both Taoism and Buddhism are religions that teach observation of life as the prima materia for the acquisi- tion of wisdom. When I directly observe all around me. To learn from direct observation or to study scriptures in which people have told their observation are two differ- ent pairs of shoes. but in the West. including my impact upon others. When I am immersed in what others think about life. That is why today. Flexibility is the single most important virtue or skill we need in order to live through changes with an open and childlike attitude.
It’s because it fits the principle-ridden and inflexible Chris- tian mindset. and that this quality is built into our human setup because life has created us. principle-ridden and moralistic instead of open and lov- ing. Many of our collective human tragedies are the direct consequence of our life-denying religions and philosophies that teach us to be stubborn and rigid instead of flexible. It was in some way a benediction that the moment I acquired wealth. I also was at that time ready to accept responsibility for my life instead of blaming parents. I had already gone through many fun- damental changes. With this basically disillusioned mindset. But it is definitely not the best teaching for managing change in a non-hurtful. I could manage without hurt the challenge with our family business. I saw my basic intuition confirmed that life is un- endingly flexible and adaptable. and had suffered quite a bit of misfor- tune. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING It is not a historical hazard that the principle-based life paradigm is presently the one most successfully taught and propagated by famous coaches in the United States. I had resisted change so long that life forced me to change. But I welcomed this change because I felt I was returning to my own true being and realizing my own nature. positive and open way! It was not before reaching my thirties that I began to observe life instead of following one or the other religion or philosophy. and static instead of dynamic. childhood or the whole world for my trials. 76 .
it is rather a compensation longing for mate- 77 . However. what we consider as our mission. Not at all. I would say. and your base intention is just to amass more riches. as comfort alone can- not give a sense to our lives. when you are lacking a more outgoing commitment to your profession or activity. that the wisdom book shows us the difference between greed and commitment. then the I Ching will disadvise you to proceed. The I Ching teaches to focus upon what we are inter- ested in. However. we have to warp against over-commitment in the form of greed. BASE STRUCTURE OF THE I CHING The I Ching and Morality The I Ching never is moralistic. What is greed? Let us have a closer look. There is no doubt that the powerful motor of capitalism is greed. greed is not for this reason a natural human characteristic. It has nothing against wealth. The art of living the I Ching teaches is to stay in the world without becoming entangled with the world. as for building commitment. procrastinating at- titude but encourages personal growth. Greed is an effective drive because it is fed by emotional flow. As a result. nor is it enamored with poverty. When you are merely greedy. after years of experience in divining. It recommends to remain basically simple and to see that our efforts should surpass a mere striving for comfort. this does not mean that the I Ching recommends us to stay out of the world or to retire in the forests. the I Ching does not recommend a fatalistic.
In Buddhism. comfortable. we really talk about excessiveness. there is per- haps no single other characteristic that is so harshly judged as destructive for human development as greed. in the Western culture where ma- terialism has come about in the first place. and it compensates for the prohibited natural body pleasure. What’s wrong with hunger for wealth? What’s wrong with being clean. And yet I have never seen a Chinese. Thai or Vietnamese business- man who was in the least bothered with being strongly focused upon acquiring wealth and social status. and constant pleasure. which is recognized as one of the fundamental life principles in Chinese philosophy. I think that when we talk about greed. we would not need to blacklist greed because it would be 78 . Interestingly. Does that mean that every Western businessman who follows and practices Christian religion will be caught in a deep conscience split? I think that this would be a misun- derstanding of what greed is. Following the Eastern principle of bal- ance and harmony in all doing. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING rial goods that comes about through the repression of our natural desires. Webster’s dictionary defines greed as ‘excessive or rep- rehensible acquisitiveness’ and it thus bears an element of excess in it. Greed is not just a sort of hunger for wealth. greed is judged very severely as negative and destructive by the Bible. wealthy and powerful? Greed is not that. To put it shortly: prohibit sex and you will breed greed in people! Greed is a longing for pleasure. joyful.
their lips are 79 . moralistic judgments have barely a rational ba- sis. but upon the natural striving for comfort and wealth. in Buddhism and in Islam regarding greed. you very sel- dom find greed among people. But it makes sense to avoid behavior that. whereas for example in the very repressive Protestant or even Calvinistic culture. When you look at permissive cultures. and that avoids to breed greed in the first place through a naturally permissive education. you find greed very strongly developed in people while para- doxically. brings about strife. conflict and backlashes in all ways. To be more correct on the meaning of words. These people are not very agreeable to have around. we could then conclude that a free economy is not based upon greed. because of its excessiveness. the religious dogma harshly condemns it. This makes much more sense in my opinion than the moralistic judgment against greed that is to be found in Christian faith. Need- less to say that this produces a schizoid split in conscience that more or less strongly marks this kind of culture. which is just another form of striving for pleasure. but that capitalism in its extreme form is well based upon greed. as they are often arbitrary. In fact. BASE STRUCTURE OF THE I CHING held as a signal for negative growth because of its excessive- ness. Such a position gives us headway out of the dichotomy capitalism-communism and a new landscape in which we may build an economic system for the future that is based upon the pleasure principle.
status and power will come to a standstill in the moment you see that it pro- duces hurt. but there will be a moment you have to acknowledge that you see your chil- 80 . and you go for what Buddha called The Middle Way. you may want to ask what in fact you can do. and bring about a human being that is whole as much as possible. your friends or your business partners. You will apply what the I Ching calls self-restraint. Your natural striving for wealth. short-term or long-term. in your life. you can’t be greedy. You may stay longer and longer in the office in order to maximize your revenues. and you don’t want and need hurt for yourself. and they tend to do exactly the opposite of what they are preaching. Example. conflict and violence in human society and in the long run perverts the human nature. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING tightly closed or even perversely distorted. you will avoid greed be- cause you are aware of the fact that greed produces hurt. this is so because fragmentation brings strife. When you follow the principle of balance and harmony. Now. An intelligent society must avoid moralism as it’s against human nature. to avoid greed and still develop commitment and a healthy focus upon the acquisition of wealth using positive growth cycles as a motor? The answer is in the question. to any creature. and what I call standstill as one of the three main directions in human behavior. your fam- ily. after this somewhat scholarly explanation. If you really wish the best for all people you are in touch with.
when you are too strongly focused on eradicating greed in your child. and later wonder why they are so ineffec- tive with their educational measures. you will create conflict in your child’s mind. you know it. and you will know it when the moment arises. most parents try to do exactly that. and you become aware that a child needs a father as a human being and not as walking money purse. it is to raise them permis- sively and thus to ensure they have real opportunities to live our their emotions. you need your- self to not be a bunch of greed for you teach by example— we all do! You cannot bring about qualities in your children that you do not yourself cultivate. You don’t need anybody to tell you that. BASE STRUCTURE OF THE I CHING dren only at weekends for a few hours. Educating your child means in the first place educating yourself. The best and most effective way of leading others is by leading self. by being yourself. This is actually true for all leadership. At the same time. This conflict is ac- tually counter-productive to your goal and will make your child still more greedy. In the education of your children. And then you may ponder the standstill option or even the back- ward option. 81 . by incarnating the example. There is only one effective way to avoid children becoming greedy. And yet. as the forward option then would clearly re- veal as destructive for the wellbeing of your family and in the long run for yourself as well.
Anger shows us where we do not bestow enough latitude upon ourselves. as so many religions and philoso- phies declare. I can accept my anger and refuse to fight against it. We may respect others. Even in the midst of my anger. but it recommends to stay centered despite of emotions. they speak about the interpre- tation of the wisdom book. and when scholars state that the I Ching was Confucian in some way. and to guard against over-reacting. However. To repeat what I said above. With this general knowledge in mind. But again. And perhaps most importantly. excess should in any case be avoided. I can make sure to not insult any- body. it recommended to simply leave the place and 82 . let us see how the I Ching’s stance would be regarding anger. While it is true that Confucian philosophy puts high stress upon restraining emotions. being excessively emotional would run counter to the I Ching’s general stress upon balance and harmony. The I Ching has existed long before Confucius. In situations of anger. but often we lack self-respect. the quintes- sential hot emotion. The I Ching does not advise against emotions. not about the original text that is written in a poetic language. and the whole world. when I asked the I Ching what to do. Let me first clarify that anger surely is not a negative emotion. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING The I Ching and Emotions The I Ching has often been found to be too Confucian in its overall attitude toward life. I cannot make out this bias in the original text of the I Ching. we should be careful using such statements.
or in direction. anger is invariably declared to be a very destructive emotion and the only thing these books do about it is to admonish us to not be angry. but it completely disregards the higher logic of life that has given us emo- tions with a purpose. 83 . And it will tell you what you should do to change the situation so that further anger is avoided. the Bible or the Koran. In these scriptures. BASE STRUCTURE OF THE I CHING change the environment. you see that it is actu- ally a very useful emotion. The I Ching. when you ask it for help in a situation of anger. When you see that anger signals us a certain change in behavior. Boredom is the worst that can happen to you. And the anger was gone on the spot when I had turned my back to the place where I had been angry. boredom. and with a good reason: all our hot emotions are signals that trigger change! Much to the contrary to religious texts. But that is stupid because it not only is ineffective. I argue that the lack of emotions is worse than the presence of emotions. I mean with lack of emotions. will not advice you to handle your anger well: it will directly go to the cause and look at what in the first place caused your anger. And here you can see how fundamentally different the I Ching is when you compare it with religious scriptures such as the Torah. in attitude.
238) The 4th line reads: Stubborn and ignorant. It is a real plague.. 241) The I Ching holds education in high regard. (Id. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING It is worse than imprisonment. In real life. one is helpless. The I Ching seems to handle boredom in The Undevel- oped One (4). It may be a normal condition of modern life. but this only proves that modern life is a perversion of real life. And when you think about it. It is an absolutely un- natural condition. The I Ching does not talk explicitly about boredom.. and that education means a constant ef- fort and commitment to learning. malady and death. He should approach with sincerity. 84 . It seems to suggest that every true and lasting success if based upon proper education. (Id. while I know that most young people today think that it was a normal condition of modern life. there might be a reason for it. The guiding advice of this hexagram is: Go ahead to enlighten undeveloped ones. not the teacher. Boredom is the result of losing your soul or being disconnected from your soul. but it should be the undeveloped one who makes the request. there is no boredom. It does not use that word. a hexagram that concerns education and self- education.
are the outcome of a lack of care. Most schools are not the fruit of love and care for children. that you imprison them in institutions that have no regard for the soul of the child. To leave it over to schools and school administration boards to educate your children shows more than all that you ne- glect your children. That this happens is in most cases not the fault of teachers but of highly boring curricula. and his or her individual destiny. and see daily how destructive this condition is for their children. and that then you share as much as pos- sible of your meaningful life with your children. You may have plenty of money but your day-to-day reality may look devoid of meaningful moments and ap- 85 . and even the whole family. they show a deep lack of creativity. To make your children’s lives more meaningful implies first of all that you make your own life more meaningful. in turn. you should try all to help your children lead more meaningful existences. but the inevitable result of child neglect. And boring curric- ula. To revolt against it does not lead to alternatives as long as parents don’t stick together and pressure politicians and educational authorities to take action for changing things positively in the future. BASE STRUCTURE OF THE I CHING Many parents experience their adolescent children be- ing bored. of commit- ment from the side of politicians and policy makers. while it is of the first and fore- most importance for the future of society. Education is always given the last priority in budget considerations. If you are in this position as a parent.
my colleagues looked at me strangely and asked me. I have known children of artists who were quite poor but who shared with their children truly meaningful existences. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING pear dull and repetitive. It seems to me today that there is nothing more impor- tant in life than our soul being nourished with meaning. when they seemed to exist in the past. That was it. and a secure job. I found the children invaria- bly to be mature. flabbergasted: —Why the hell are you learning English? What is this good for? Are you not interested to spend your life where you were born? I replied that under the circumstances I was not sure where I was going to spend my life. having a family. They be- lieved in a one-pointed form of success that consisted of becoming wealthy. Where are the cultural and religious foundations that give us mean- ing? It seems that we have lost them. autonomous and intelligent. as I knew that the law pro- 86 . and instead learnt English. happy. they may have been a part of a rather oppressive cultural system? I found meaning in my own life only after rejecting many of the false beliefs that I saw the majority of my col- leagues in school and university were holding. where I was going to find a meaningful profession. or that anyway. Noth- ing in our materialistic modern societies can compensate for our collective lack of meaning as a culture. and they were very gentle and considerate in their relation- ships with others. When I was bored in my class as a law practitioner.
and they found me ‘crazy. or a Gan- dhi. BASE STRUCTURE OF THE I CHING fession was not what I really liked. and only thirty years later I began to realize it. or again wanted to live like a saint. That was very hard for me as I was interested in so many things. wanting to be like this famous artist or that inter- esting writer. took others as ex- amples. Believe it or not. or engage in philanthropy. avoiding the pitfalls of certain karmic conditions that made me overlook myself constantly. I was reading books about overcoming the ego. or change the world as a revolutionary. or. and thus all these books were not written for me. I could have seen very early what it was. only twenty years later I got an idea what I wanted. I further told them that I was doing a masters degree in European Integration for a career in the European Community. as an astrologer once put it. I did not know what I really wanted. And when sitting at the piano. I just wanted to mesmerize my audience with sounds they have never heard before. and I had to wait for many years to pass to have clarity in this respect. I needed twenty years to find out that I was hardly 87 . Perhaps I went the hard way.’ And indeed. But I did all and everything to look away from myself. Astrology helped me tremendously on my way from the periphery to my center. I had to slow down my spin and become more single-focused. And yet. my true being. simply looking at what I liked to do in school. in my younger years. and yet I had no ego.
The problem with being poor is that when I work too hard to join both ends. I am too much con- cerned about myself and life may appear to me as a mere reflection of myself. The moment I had sold the bothersome family property and put the 88 . had a much too important place in my life. when you are rich. while I realized that most people were spinning in the op- posite sense. instead of letting their soul-being penetrate and enrich me. I then also tend to exclude others from my ego-centered world. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING ever thinking of myself and that others. And then I miss meaning because I reduce life to what appears to be my own boundaries. I was in fact concerned too much about others instead about myself. They only had themselves in mind. To say that poor people have a richer life on a soul-level is a nice illu- sion that I was holding for many years. I do not say that when we are rich. and oth- ers were for them something to keep up with. at best. I have no time for myself. I think that this dream alleviated me the pain to accept that human life on earth is ingrained with misery. and for maintain- ing comfort and safety on a daily level. and their lives. while this is a tenor that goes through almost all religious scriptures. I would not say that per se. or give them a place at the periph- ery only. I believe rather in the contrary and my life experience confirmed me in that view. The problem with being rich is that when I have too much time for myself. we are per se more materialistic. you are more at pains to realize meaning in your life. the bounds of my ego.
He was very conscious of the tradi- tion he was building his art upon. so to say. was in real- ity a culture-builder. a pool for creative development. does not really bring progress. you risk to be off- track. You build a new universe and you cannot know who or what will be the center of that universe. but a star that is better qualified than you to parent and develop what you have given birth to? This is 89 . In my experience. Tradition is not a trap. the idea that you can start from page zero. But he went beyond that mas- tership and explored into the unknown. You are not sure you will be the star because you create novelty. but a pool. This is. how Maurice Béjart. tabula rasa thinking. the creator of it. I felt free of all sorrow and began to eventually focus on what I felt was giving meaning to my life. de- scribed his artistic paradigm. It’s perhaps not you. a master in the tradition that had born him to be what he was. but also a lot of modesty. Béjart. and he admired it and studied it with incredible diligence and unending com- mitment. BASE STRUCTURE OF THE I CHING money in the bank. being known as a culture-destroyer. When you create without a foundation. like Picasso. for example. This requires not only a lot of courage. He was. and to enrich other people’s lives with my gifts and talents. off-soul. the famous French choreographer. Never before had I felt such a deep inner peace! I was beginning to pray every day for guidance to engage in the profession I was really talented for.
and that again might humble us to acknowledge that nothing is given over to fulfillment when it is not cared for. you can use your willpower also for halting when you’ve made half of the way. you are again in the starting holes. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING what life teaches us. but also yourself. You may begin taking things for granted. She was not happy before. Human history abounds of this kind of sto- ries. And if he does. This is one of the pitfalls wealth might represent for you. you can be sure that the painter in him was not really gifted for his art. and happiness for granted. When you study the biographies of creators. you might be humbled. They might have done little jobs for joining ends. My mother having been suicidal early in her youth. but taken for granted. because otherwise he would have been more committed to his art than just ‘getting a job. success for granted. and when you consider this reality. jumping from a bridge and destroying not only your mission. fulfilled love for granted. She had not learnt to be 90 . and she was not happy thereafter.’ I believe that what we are naturally gifted for is like a magnetic field that attracts all that is needed for realizing that gift. but you will not see a painter ending up as a car manufacturer or a pilot. you see that they gravitated around their mission as planets gravi- tate around the sun. was not less suicidal once she inherited the family fortune and was rich and comfortable. But of course. And then you are off-the-road again and life will teach you that instead of being at an advanced stage of development.
probably because she did herself not really commit to this longing. BASE STRUCTURE OF THE I CHING happy. life is more beautiful and more exciting when we are hungry. One step after the other. Truly. and the most part of the magic is gone when we are satiated! It might be more difficult to attract your soul mate when your thoughts are constantly gravitating around trivial matters. and yet was longing for one single true and fulfilled relation- ship with a man. and there is a certain chance that you do something that is not really connected with your soul. one brick upon another. or when you are absorbed in your worries and lose a lot of energy because of sorrow. Gradual progress means that we build upon what we built before. and try instead to explore the labyrinth of life without a guide. we do make progress. She had taken all and everything for granted. No matter how slow we are. But life did not give it to her. It’s more difficult. Tabula rasa thinking means that you cut off the Ari- adne thread that led you to the point where you are now. and so forth. The I Ching teaches that every true progress is gradual. The Reflection Pattern You may know that old parable of looking at a glass of water as half-full. as long as we remain focused and committed. or as half-empty. 91 .
We learn from this simple experiment that reality is not to be taken for granted. I tend to see order in all-that- is. and rather depends on our way of looking at it! Or to speak with quantum physics: reality is creatively interacting with the one observing it. as a glass half-useful and half-useless. I tend to make out chaos in the cosmos. as a glass half-filled or as a glass half-unfilled. and before the establishment of what today we use to call quantum physics. Why do I perceive life so differently from you? Because our percep- tion of reality is a result of the reality we live in and that we have created by our mind. When I consider life as nothing but chaos. If I interact with processes by observing processes. Einstein found this already at the be- ginning of the 20th century. whereas negative- minded people tend to make the glass down as half-empty. Needless to mention that positive-minded peo- ple tend to see that glass as half-filled. and ac- cordingly I experience my own life as chaotic. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING You fill a glass half with water. if I change flow by flowing myself. whatever occurs to me. Then you wonder about how you should see that object. Light can be seen as a wave or as a particle. if I let the universe dance to my music by dancing with the 92 . and so on and so forth. When I see life as order. as a glass half-happy or as a glass half- unhappy. Is that tautological? It is. Be- cause reality is tautological. This explains why reality is far from being the same for all of us. My internal belief system thus conditions my perception. and then contemplate that strange kind of object.
I am just a naughty child who likes to put every toy upside down. so I see sameness everywhere and all life seems to me carved from one and the same wood. when I see that I am limited. I tend to argue: —These two things are not really different. BASE STRUCTURE OF THE I CHING universe. as I will abhor faking to be all-powerful which is the way of the worldly and political forces in place. when I see what really appears to be a difference. I want to see gar- bage. so I see difference everywhere. So I see roses. so I see garbage. Their dif- ference is infinitesimally small and thus can be neglected. That is how the sage evaluates reality. I want to be different. I want to see roses. I must admit that I have no reason to complain for I am responsible for my world! Then I become aware that all I see is the result of my choice. to have the clown vomit and the woman her pants down. so I see happy children. I want to be conformist. so I see abuse. I throw a handful of sand against the wind and wipe my eyes as a result. By direct perception as well as trial-and-error. but only in relation- ship to something that is same. without sorrow. If I want to be different for any price. without a bitter taste on my tongue. Like a toddler playing on the beach. they are same. for heaven’s sake. In reality. according to Modesty (15). I want to see happy children. 93 . I want to see abuse. and this without regret. then. Then. However. they only appear to be different. I will then recognize with ease that I simply harvest what I sow. while difference per se is not a value. I cannot but practice modesty.
or how high the next wave is at the beach when there is heavy sea? Can we know how far the cricket will jump? Approximately yes. Wallenstein can tell a story. This truth is so strong that it penetrates in my heart and changes things forever. When I live without inquiring into the nature of fu- ture events. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING When I look in the eyes of a small child. all truth is approximate and not ex- act. I am accepting the approximate nature of things. There are good reasons to put away with all fortune telling as it is as approximate as liv- ing is. Nor was Nostradamus. By the same token. What is this measure other than the length of a fantasy ruler? Can we know how high the next mountain is that na- ture creates. All divina- tions are approximations. But not exactly. He was not a happy man. When I judge. But that means to measure death! We cannot measure life because that would mean to know exactly the details of things to come. and I live more carefree than when divining all day long. I cannot perceive the responsiveness of the universe. When I judge life. I see that there are no dreams that eternally have to remain dreams. but that every dream is the creative contemplation of a fu- ture reality. I perceive what is true and what is not true. 94 . When I really understand the nature of living. In hindsight we can measure all. I implicitly have a measure to base my judgment upon.
a stone or rose thrown back to you. Please note that the notion of karma is not a creation of Hinduism. such as the universe itself dialogues with us. In the West. It is often taken as a religious theory related to Hinduism or Buddhism. because it is part of our dy- namic and responsive universe. bring me closer to per- ceiving reality more objectively. As if the Western part of the globe obeyed to different laws or could abide by different cosmic rules! 95 . If you admit or not that the universe is responsive. BASE STRUCTURE OF THE I CHING The Karma Pattern When I see that not values. which are creations of the mind. and it is part of all religions. I can handle karma creatively and do not need to be trapped by it. Karma means action. I will avoid values. and for good reasons. which are in- tuitive dialogues with the universe. Hinduism has the merit to have put a very peculiar stress upon karma. the notion of karma has been largely mis- understood. As the proverb says: For the sage. and less with putting my personal stink. But when I know to dialogue with the universe in a dynamic manner. nothing more and nothing less. karma means liberation. but a reality in a universe that communicates in an organic multi-vectorial manner. you will experience karma. but dynamic exchanges with all-that-is. the dynamic feedback created by action.
I kill life and thus raise chances that I am myself killed. it simply means cause-and-effect. no right acts. I hear my voice resonating in space. feedback-looping system. You can also say that karma is the natural condition in a responsive universe. I cannot abstract from my thought and become an observer-thinker. I create a karma of positive resonance that sup- ports me in realizing my own original nature. There is karma only. All actions create a resonance according to their nature. Then. and create a negative resonance. or in the terminology of modern systems theory. By observing that feedback and recognizing its nature. You can’t do that by thinking about your behavior. their strength. 96 . be- cause I set an action of that kind. There is no other way. karma. their originality. Thought is circular and inbound within my own con- tinuum. I support others in the realization of their origi- nal nature. in a canyon. There is no god. feed- back given by the universe. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING To repeat it. or feedback to them their beauty. literally in Sanskrit means action. karma is the law of a responsive. positive or negative. I shout in the forest. I can evaluate the outcome of my ac- tions. There are no wrong acts. I nurture life by being kind and taking care of oth- ers. no savior and no punishment. despite the fact that great sages such as Krishnamurti told us we could develop this ability.
most people. This power is of a higher intelli- gence. take blind actions all the time. you can avoid fatal mis- takes and setbacks and act in accordance with the steering power of the universe. Most Western people will reply that it was through a set of firm behavior rules. And yet. or no education at all. Then I have the option to observe the nature of my actions by evaluating the feedback they create in the universe. However. BASE STRUCTURE OF THE I CHING Let’s assume I have not reached that stage of develop- ment and thus am still caught in the ego-based structure. It is ignorant human behavior. you will agree that to take blind actions is foolish behavior. es- pecially in the modern world. and even think that it was normal human behavior. of all other beings. How does a particular action you are going to take fit in the universe? What kind of waves will it create? What kind of responses will it trigger? All this can be evaluated before the action is taken. and even the ac- tions of natural forces. And the I Ching has been cre- ated precisely for assisting us in that quest. Educating children to take blind actions is irresponsi- ble education. and considers not only your actions but the actions of all other humans. moral correctness is on the same line as po- litical correctness. Once you understand this. It is totally volatile as moral rules are 97 . In being careful and observing what happens around you be- fore you take any major action. so-called ‘morally correct behav- ior’ that positive karma could be created.
and they change over time as well. and they change when economic condi- tions change. The universe sends help. but at times also backward. Action Patterns As already mentioned. moralism has been seen throughout human history as one of the most sordid ways to blindfold the masses and keep them from educat- ing themselves about the universal laws and rules that really regulate action and reaction. Hence. Then I remain open for help and support and admit that I need help and support in the first place. How much morally correct behavior triggered wars and genocide all over human history! How many massa- cres have been committed in the name of well-sounding moralistic slogans. I act from an arrogantly fixated ego position. but only to those who are open to receive it. By contrast. the I Ching teaches flexibility as a foremost value for constructive and positive action. ac- tion that creates good and beneficial karma for self and others. and once in a while. when I am humble and flexible. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING volatile and change from country to country and in some countries even from village to village. morality is a fiction. how many millions of people were killed for politically and morally correct principles!? When I maintain a rigid principle-ridden mindset. When I am flexible. I do not overestimate the powers of my ego and instead rely on the intelligence of the uni- verse to help me finetune my actions. I am ready to go not only for- ward. I am 98 .
or hurt. and it also depends on the structure and hierarchy of the particular hexagram you are contemplating. Moving forward is clearly expressed by hexagrams such as Progress (35). but they do not recommend any movement other than standstill. Rising (46) or Gradual Pro- gress (53). Let us first consider the more clear-cut divinations. from the same perspective. 99 . in this dynamic sys- tem of positive and constructive action. standing still for some time. like in Retreat (33). to others and. BASE STRUCTURE OF THE I CHING even putting things on hold. as a movement. and here. Note that I consider standing still. for example. This is de- pending on the lines you receive. and then moving forward again. those that show an unambiguous move in either of the three directions. such as. Standstill is clearly advised by Keeping Still (52). to self as a karmic boomerang. as a karmic reaction. Wrong action is ac- tion that brings about strife. a movement that I call stand- still. is a form of ac- tion. Just as nonaction. the different lines only inform about the easiness or uneasiness of the halt. Moving backward is advised by Retreat (33). tension. and differ only by the fact that such retreat is more comfortable and easy or less com- fortable and bothersome. moving forward. The I Ching teaches a gradual interplay of different move- ments. and this unconditionally as all six lines recommend to retreat from the condition in question. standstill is a form of movement. It is the movement that avoids wrong action by standing still.
All advice on divination that says I Ching readings to be valid for either three months or six months is a matter of personal opinion. as the next day a new cycle set in that was foretold by a totally different reading later that same day. I do not think that the I Ching invaria- bly advises to retreat from a certain action forever. In truth. not to be found in any serious interpretation of the Book of Changes. It is only through repeated divinations that you may get to know the reason why you should retreat and how long. if they are not just repeating the balderdash they themselves learnt from others. for one day or for 100 . All the lines indicate standstill as the right action for that moment. you intend to engage in. or intend to continue engaging in. by the way. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Thus. I have had situations where the reading was valid for just one day. Note that it is difficult to know how long a particular hexagram is valid. when you get any line of Retreat (33) or the hexa- gram without lines. but in most cases just for a certain time. or else if you should defi- nitely stop action for that particular purpose. this is a clear indication that you are advised to take a distance from the action or endeavor. or relationship. is true for all divinatory practices. Books on the interpretation of the Tarot that say a particular read- ing is valid for six months are expressing personal experi- ence at best. This. there is absolutely no rule that says that a cer- tain divination is valid for one minute. The same is true for Keeping Still (52).
BASE STRUCTURE OF THE I CHING one lifetime. Of course. It will tell you that you lack decisiveness. or to consult a friend or expert for finding the solution. and for reasons of stress or fear. You may know all in advance. Or it may advise you to do things in cooperation with others. that you should be persis- tent or that you should advance despite your anxiety. This is exactly the uncertainty factor in all divination. and not single-handedly. you may return too often to divi- nation. But then the I Ching will tell you what’s wrong with you. that you should be firm in following your original pur- pose. and I had readings where an event never set in. that you need to put first things first. There is a subtle interplay between your intuition and the I Ching. The universe communicates you not only the nature of your karma. you may get a negative reading. to free your mind and get new creative inspirations. 101 . To disregard your intuition and wait six months for the next reading is foolish. And when you consult the I Ching in a negative mood. but you will not know the time when events set in. but also the time when you should consult the I Ching again. Or it may tell you to meditate and put things on hold for a mo- ment. You know intuitively when you should consult the book again. probably because I was heeding the ad- vice and changed the parameters of my behavior in time. that you worry too much. I have had readings where an event set in the next day.
the I Ching is clearly again in a forward move- ment. Marching forward was seen as the only right action. we can clearly see a phase of Retreat (33). and then a period of standstill. in Western culture. We can see the three base movements equally in the way the I Ching entered the soil of Western culture. But for various rea- sons. In a way. sorrow and misery by ignoring the simple fact that action is three- directional. marching forward can be seen as the identi- fier of the total madness that is so characteristic for patriar- chy. When the Church declared the I Ching. and not con- sisting only of marching forward. from the second half of the 20th century. And the madness of today’s worldwide consumer cul- ture is the logical historical and psychological follow-up of patriarchy with its ignorance of systemliteracy. then a long retreat during the Dark Age. during Antiquity. Today. you see that our old-fashioned and somehow extremely violent tradition has created evil. you should first become familiar with the idea of action being naturally threefold. There was first a forward movement. The I Ching could be discovered by a wider range of people only after the horror regime of the Church had found its end. From the Renaissance until to- 102 . the I Ching became popular in Western culture only within the new age movement. thus from about the Renaissance. When you look at hu- man history. together with so many other jewels of human wisdom as diabolic knowledge. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING As a beginner.
while most are mixed in the sense that within a course of action. It could be consulted without danger. and a setback or failure as a result of overacting. which is one of the main reasons why I wrote this book. among them the German mathematician Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz (1646-1716) who found that the I Ching implicitly uses the binary code that today is used in every computer. the I Ching was going through a period of Keeping Still (52). The I Ching deals with action in most hexagrams. the I Ching will receive an honorable and important position within a greater range of wisdom devices that are constantly reach- ing wider circles among the educated classes of interna- tional society. BASE STRUCTURE OF THE I CHING day. let me now have a regard on the various phases within the forward movement. diligent attention and careful inspection is recommended to avoid excess. and foremost the young generations. As already mentioned. After having introduced the notion of three base movements in the previous para- graph. Three Phases of Action Action is what I call forward movement within a posi- tioning that sees action together with nonaction and retreat as one of the three phases of action. during the Aquarius Age. Let me explain this using Yang/Creative Energy/The Ac- tive Principle (1) as an example. but was given attention only by a small range of Western scholars. In the near future. The first line of this very 103 . there are only a few hexagrams that recommend action through and through.
I think it is important to consider that not after every culmination point follows a negative spiral. for securing what has been achieved. Flexibly intelligent action uses the time after completion. and for rest and meditation. The third line predicts danger. The forth line. but says there will be no harm. When I change the present pattern. as hexagram 63 teaches us. but not in any time intervals determined in advance. eventually. 104 .’ The truth is that no future can ever be ‘predicted’ because every moment a different thought and emotional pattern can be put forward that changes the present state of events. a particular reading can be superseded in a day. Such a conclusion would be a misunderstanding of the I Ching. sets action completely free and the fifth line predicts great success. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING powerful hexagram that consists of six yang lines recom- mends nonaction. That is why. an hour or a week. or a rigidly forward-moving behavior. The future is but an extrapo- lation of a vibrational pattern set in the present. logically the future pattern will be different as well. It is short-sighted to interpret the I Ching as a set of patterns that ‘predict the future. the top line is a quintessential example for excess and is generally inter- preted as a painful setback through an arrogant and in- flexible attitude. Let me now give a few examples for hexagrams that end in a positive 6th line. thereby changing the fu- ture by changing the present. as I mentioned earlier. However. The second line recommends to seek advice.
Another example is Modesty/Humility/Moderation (15) where the 6th line reads: He uses modesty instead of aggression with outsid- ers to correct the confusion within his territory. I Ching. 105 . there may be a certain level of de- struction. 300) Other examples are: ‣ Obstacle/Adversity/Obstruction (12). ‣ Contemplation/Stocktaking/Reflection (20). The Book of Changes and the Unchang- ing Truth (1999). ‣ Advancing/Going Forward/Progress (19). p. Nothing in na- ture can cause the end of nature—except human ignorance and willfulness. After a thunderstorm. The first example of a hexagram that ends in a positive 6th line is Great Harvest/Abundance (14). No problem.. BASE STRUCTURE OF THE I CHING Life is infinitely flexible. which is called by some I Ching experts as the most lucky of all hexagrams. but it’s not the end of the world. a hurri- cane or an earthquake. This is an unwritten law pervading all liv- ing in the cosmos. the 6th line simply reads in Hua-Ching Ni’s interpre- tation: ‘Heavenly blessing. 295.’ —Hua-Ching Ni. Here. ‣ Adornment/Beauty/Grace (22) ‣ Great Potential/Creative Energy/Great Power (26). (Id. Good fortune.
‣ Retreat/Withdrawal/Going Backward (33). ‣ The Well/Water Hole/Reaching the Water (48). ‣ Obstruction/Obstacle/Difficulty (39). Now. ‣ Family/The Clan/Group Life (37). 106 . the 6th line is positive and con- structive. as some scholars erroneously do. In all these hexagrams. ‣ Sacrifice/Decrease/Reduce the Excessive (41). it cannot be said. ‣ Dissolution of the Problem/Release/Liberation (40). THE LEADERSHIP I CHING ‣ Nourishment/Nutrition/Self-Cultivation (27). ‣ Contradiction/Opposition/Disharmony (38). ‣ Cauldron/Harmonization/Stability (50). ‣ Revolution/Reformation/Groundbreaking Change (49). ‣ Critical Mass/Great Excess/Imbalance (28). ‣ Mutual Attraction/Wooing/Marriage (31). that the 6th line in every hexagram of the I Ching invariably predicts misfor- tune. if almost one third of all hexagrams of the I Ching give a positive reading for the 6th line. ‣ Gradual Progress/Positive Development (53).
You can find nonaction in the I Ching in two different ways: ‣ As a general standstill. • The 1st line in Power of the Great (34). • The 1st line in Resolution (43). and contrary to the general advice given in Keeping Still (52). • The 3rd line in Gradual Progress (53). Bold Action Nonaction is action. interpretation is needed. • The 1st line in Great Potential (26). ‣ As a tactical standstill. when nonaction appears as a line in an otherwise dynamic hexagram. • The 4th line in Fire (30). BASE STRUCTURE OF THE I CHING Non-Action vs. 107 . • The 6th line in Small Accumulation (9). as indicated by Keeping Still (52). As mentioned earlier. • The 1st line in Dispute (6). • The 5th line in Adversity (47). Lao-tzu wrote in the Tao Te Ching. • The 4th line in Contact (44). • The 3rd line in Mutual Attraction (31). And this wisdom is part of the I Ching as well. as part of various action-hexagrams: • The 1st line in Yang (1). • The 1st line in Before Crossing the Water (64). • The 3rd line in Revolution (49). • The 1st line in Great Harvest (14).
THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Typically. ‣ Confucius is said to have studied the I Ching most diligently and never pretended to have developed any knowledge or system that superseded or surpassed the wisdom of the I Ching. If the line is drawn as a single answer without any other line. 108 . ‣ The I Ching contains a number of lines that advise bold and massive action. For all those who are caught in the erroneous belief the I Ching was but a textbook on Confucianism. a temporary halt is indicated or the line can be said to indi- cate a very careful way to proceed. this means that in- deed nonaction is the best for a certain time. and to prove my point. I will line them up in full detail here. The time-span cannot be predicted. let me advance the following arguments to put things in the correct light: ‣ The I Ching is much older than Confucian thinking. and that it did not favor any form of bold and spontaneous action. When this happens. • The 5th line of Yin (2). as I pointed out earlier. one of these critical lines is drawn together with other lines of the same hexagram. That is all I can say on the time matter. • The 4th line of Difficult Begin (3). but from a systemic point of view I would argue that the time-span of rest or nonaction indicated by Keeping Still (52) is certainly more extended as the one indicated by any of the lines that recommend a temporary halt. and exhaustively so: • The 4th line of Yang (1).
4th and 6th lines of Gradual Progress (53). • The 2nd line in Advancing (19). 5th and 6th lines of Rising (46). • The 1st line of Innocence (25). 5th and 6th lines of Revolution (49). 4th. 2nd and 5th lines of Benefit (42). • The 1st. • The 2nd. 3rd. • The 4th. BASE STRUCTURE OF THE I CHING • The 1st line of Peace (11). • The 3rd line of Success (35). • The 6th line of Contradiction (38). • The 1st. • The 2nd line of Modesty (15). • The 5th line of Sacrifice (41). • The 5th and 6th lines of Cauldron (50). 109 . • The 6th line of Obstacle (12). • The 2nd. • The 6th line of Great Potential (26). 2nd. 4th and 5th lines of Congregation (45). • The 2nd. • The 5th line of Return (24). • The 1st. 5th and 6th lines of The Well (48). • The 6th line of Nourishment (27). 4th and 5th lines of Peak (55). • The 1st. • The 2nd line of Great Harvest (14). 2nd and 6th lines of Dissolution of the Prob- lem (40). • The 2nd line of Power of the Great (34). • The 1st line of The Maiden (54). • The 1st and 2nd lines of Fire (30).
• The 5th line of Gentle Wind (57). If more than half of all hexagrams of the I Ching rec- ommend unbridled action in one or several lines. • The 1st and 2nd lines of Joyousness (58). in China. • The 5th line of Inner Truth (61). Let’s not forget that in the past. In fact. It is perhaps more difficult to get to bold action when using the Tarot for divination as this is the case with the I Ching. And in that moment. • The 1st line of Scattered (59). • The 5th line of Before Crossing the Water (64). what the I Ching definitely cannot do is to act for you! There is a moment when you have to cease reflect- ing and start acting. 110 . After all. I find the Tarot more difficult to interpret because it uses psychological archetypes for describing circumstances. having studied and practiced both the Tarot and the I Ching for almost thirty years. and its advice to the point. the language of the I Ching is rather precise. the opin- ion sometimes expressed in the literature that the wisdom book was an action-breaker and led people to procrastina- tion seems to be unfounded. many great generals have used the I Ching for war strategy and for gathering precise information about when and how to advance or retreat the army in order to win the battle. the I Ching has to be laid aside. By contrast. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING • The 5th line of The Wanderer (56).
The Hexagrams 64 Hexagrams and 384 Lines .
乾 1 Qian ——— ——— ——— ——— ——— ——— .
Seek out the advice of a knowledgeable person in your field. If you hold your vision. 2. pure yang energy was considered auspicious for the realization of any project. In the first the energy is not yet ready and the sixth line indicates a possible ex- cess that needs to be avoided. You can either seek pub- lic fame or work for your own inner advancement and personal development. But you need to be prudent in such a time for your creative energy may lose focus and get scattered through too much exposure and input. lis- tening to the inner voice that knows what is true for you. This is a moment of choice. The time is not ripe for outer action. but it’s a good time for self-development and working on inner clarity for your plans and goals. 3. focus and integrity. this 114 . 1. Most of the lines are fa- vorable except the first and the sixth. Follow your deepest intuition. When you affirm and have faith in your guidance. Traditionally. 4. You are now in a situation to attract others to your ideas and social advancement is possible. It will be good to work together to achieve your goals. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Yang / Creative Energy / The Active Principle Work steadily. You will achieve favorable results. you can pass safely through this period of time.
5. You will receive help and support! 6. consult a knowledgeable person. This is a line of great potential and leadership. This line shows a need for moderation. 115 . You may be too ambitious or you may over- stress your possibilities. You can realize an important project now and the outcome will be beneficial for all parties involved. BASE STRUCTURE OF THE I CHING guidance will manifest in your life and you will make the right choice. If you are not sure about the why and how of the realization. Any extreme action should be avoided for it may have a counterproduc- tive effect. Restrain yourself to avoid any un- desired consequences.
坤 2 Kun — — — — — — — — — — — — .
keep your talents and ideas for yourself and proceed in this spirit. You can advance gracefully now! 3. unselfish spirit will be rewarded later on. 1. This line indicates that you act in accordance with the universe now and that your endeavors will be natu- rally successful. This means that what you do now in a public. you should be gentle and cautious. yet what he does serves the public good. and do not worry. This hexagram is generally very positive. To understand all means to forgive all. This hexagram was traditionally associated with a female horse. then you act in accordance with the universe! 118 . THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Yin / Adaptive Energy / The Receptive Principle Adapt. Your knowledge is not broad at this point and you should proceed with care and foresight. For the moment. except the sixth line which indicates the illusion one could achieve success single-handedly. Go with the flow. In the beginning stage of a project or relationship. This line traditionally speaks about a government official who is not paid for his work. 2. Be open- minded. Be honest and upright. The overall stress of this hexagram is col- laboration and communication with others. It represents soft and gentle characteristics.
119 . Thus. However it also says that their blood blends together. and nobody wins. which was associated with intel- ligence. This is a position of leadership. The traditional in- terpretation speaks of dragons fighting in the wilderness. You can advance at this time more on the inner level than outwardly. It said that if leaders were willing to follow the natural virtue of this line. If you insist on your way in a matter where more people are involved. your project may still succeed. but you need to real- ize this truth and change your attitude. which connotes a blending of yin and yang. there would be nothing wrong in the world. You will gain the insight that the hallmark of success is not competition but cooperation. if you are able to ‘blend’ your energy with those of your collabo- rators. Your modest attitude and humility in a position of power and influence lead to great success. confrontations may lead to undesired obligations. 5. Be faithful to your highest guidance and restrain your impulsiveness in order to avoid unnecessary disturbance. you may cause losses for all. This is a time for prudence. Run a low profile and be self-contained. The traditional interpretation assigns the color ‘yellow’ to this line. 6. KUN (2) 4.
屯 3 TUN — — ——— — — — — — — ——— .
This means that if in your isolated position you push forward. In such a case it is better to wait until you attract the right people to help you. you will experience a setback. 1. You may also 122 . Reorient yourself. unable to find deer and in addition losing his way. You cannot advance alone in this position. Be faithful to inner guidance. 2. There is however a chance that persis- tence leads to later success. This is be- cause she declines to marry and will wed only in ten years. you will attract the right helpers. 3. This means metaphorically that you should not collaborate with others when the time is not right or when such col- laboration is against your principles. Do not move. It indicates a potentially confused beginning which is why treading carefully and seeking ad- vice is recommended. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Difficult Begin / Birth Pangs / To Be Stationed Be stationary and firm. The right action here is to stand still and wait until your inner guidance shows you a way out. The traditional interpretation speaks of a girl mounted on a horse but at a standstill. This hexagram teaches a need for careful thought before starting a new venture. The traditional interpretation speaks of a person who is hunting in a forest without a guide. You need to be patient. for there are difficulties and obstacles in your way.
You will receive it! 123 . This means that when you encounter a blockage on your way. this may cause you momentary sadness. Doing small steps toward your goal is after all a form of advance. The most important is that inwardly you stay your course and be faithful to your ultimate success at a later time. but stay your course and be faithful that you will see the light at the end of the tunnel. How- ever. 6. This line traditionally is associated with a person mounted on a horse. 5. it may be necessary to adjust your goals to the situation. This is a good time for introspection. TUN (3) want to check out your goals and intrinsic motivation. This line advises to not granting favors to others and to not realize big projects. but at a standstill. this line also teaches that if you change inwardly. Stop your course of action for a while and ask for inner guidance. Now the way begins to open for you. This means you should do a step at a time. and proceed with a humble attitude. the outward situation will also change. 4. meditation and self-cultivation. avoid any form of corruption. You need to cooperate with others. but not for act- ing single-handedly. weeping uncontrol- lably. sometimes slowness is the cor- rect response in certain situations.
蒙 4 MENG ——— — — — — — — ——— — — .
It may be needed to educate yourself as the situation may be confused because you are lacking inner coherence. This line traditionally announced a good marriage. This line traditionally speaks of one attempting to marry a women who seeks a wealthy man. A stoic attitude and strict principles are the path toward happiness. judgment is short-sighted be- cause we never know all the factors that motivate human action in others. More generally. You may thus be at pains to make an informed decision. tolerance and benevolence with others. In such a case. even if they act inappropriately. relying on your inner guidance. Hence. While such an interpretation may be too narrow. 2. patience and inner strength are needed to gain clarity for advancing at the right moment. what the I Ching advises here is to not be blinded by desire 126 . THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Immaturity / Lacking Expe- rience / The Undeveloped Be willing to learn and educate yourself. 1. 3. while leading an unregulated life is not a recipe for success. Restrain yourself and practice self-discipline. is the correct atti- tude and brings success. In all human affairs. what is indicated here is that collaboration with others brings good results. Set yourself strict guidelines for action and you’ll avoid hav- ing regrets later on.
It will bring you advantage to seek another’s advice and support. Right action here is to check if your intended action is in accordance with your conscience and to affirm that you are guided by correct principles. This line warns of ignorance. A modern interpretation would see the ‘child’ as a metaphor for your own inner child. you shall achieve your goal and advance in your life. 5. through dreams and premonitions. hold on and do not persist. Being faithful to your inner guidance. you may suffer a painful setback. Until you receive this inner guidance. how you should act in this situation. Thus. if your inner mind does not support your project. and thus you need to apply wisdom to the way how you proceed in life. This line traditionally speaks of punishing an igno- rant child. It may be a matter where you need more background information before you go on. Affirm this over and over and your sub- conscious mind will pick up on it and will give you feed- back. 4. If you do not heed this advice. Spiritually. If this inner energy is too boastful and neglects proper guidance you should re- strict it by considering the matter from the perspective of your inner adult (rationality) and your inner parent (re- sponsibility). there will be conflict. but sometimes creative solutions are hurting social traditions. 6. MENG (4) and to avoid excess. The inner child is your most creative im- pulse. wait patiently for a better mo- ment and avoid action. 127 .
需 5 XU — — ——— — — ——— ——— ——— .
Now be cautious and hold still so as to not invite trouble. There are difficulties ahead. You are in a vulnerable position. 1. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Waiting Patiently / Stag- nation / Hesitation Be patient and bide your time. 2. Overcome stagnation. The situation is such that retreat is the best action here. You may find help and support to get out of this situation if you are faithful to your inner guidance. 130 . This hexagram teaches the importance of time in all matters that need a growing energy for realization. The wisdom of this hexagram is to teach creative adaptation to a situation where quick pro- gress is not possible. Do not rush into things. you will see a way out and you can advance successfully! 3. When you are faithful to your inner guidance. Wait until you see a safe way to proceed. rushing ahead only results in restlessness without bringing a real advance. Keep your inner light and be faithful to be guided when the moment is right. You may have got into this position by having been too reckless in your re- cent past. 4. Do not exhaust your energy at this point. When you need to wait. To be aware of danger is a good way to avoid it.
but it does come back to us. it comes back to us not from the same people and at a later time. 6. You will be guided to advance when the time is right. This symbolizes that in some form or another. thus remain focused and do not become restless. You’ll receive a blessing in disguise. 131 . The traditional interpretation speaks of three uninvited guests who need to be properly treated for everything being alright. you receive a helping hand from the universe. when we do good to others. This is a time for relaxing and getting a good new perspective of the situation at hand. There is much more to do for realizing your goals. but you need to recognize the blessing which may not be obvious. Often in life. XU (5) 5.
讼 6 SONG ——— ——— ——— — — ——— — — .
You are likely to receive it in a read- ing when you have two ‘talking’ voices within you. but go your way and believe in your inner val- ues. You may need to make concessions in a dispute. and the other that wants you to stop. It is thus recommended to 134 . It may be an inner struggle. one that wants to go ahead. The traditional interpretation of this line is that one’s grievance has been rejected. But it can as well apply for an inner struggle. Avoid dispute and make peace. It may indicate contention. But do not start new undertakings now! 4. 2. you may eventually succeed. a state of contention or a litigation. The advice here is to run a low profile and avoid public prominence. patience and tolerance are needed for dis- solving a dispute outwardly. Retreat is a good action for now! 3. or within yourself. If you heed this advice and you remain cautious. This hexagram traditionally is about conflict with others. for- give them. Pure willpower is often in life not a good recipe for success. you need to develop good judgment. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Dispute / Conflict / Inner Struggle Tension. In such a case. or you may gain clarity about what you really want. 1. Here. If you are bothered by gossip or if others treat you with lacking respect.
It is thus favorable to go ahead! 6. SONG (6) avoid the conflict altogether by not insisting and making peace. but that will be snatched away many times. Thus to insist until the end is not favorable. This metaphor teaches the im- portance of inner poise. This line may also indicate that you have found inner peace by dissolving conflict within. As you are guided by correct principles. The I Ching always advises against competition. you will be successful and dispute can be dissolved. which have higher values than the momentary winning of a dispute. you may well proceed with a griev- ance or litigation. harmony and peace of mind. In this position. 5. if neces- sary. The traditional inter- pretation of this line speaks of a leather belt that was be- stowed because of winning a litigation. Hence the need for inner reflection and. Your position here is that while you have won the dispute. of wistful retreat. A favorable response may then occur. 135 . you have stirred up an envious reaction in others.
师 7 SHI — — — — — — — — ——— — — .
The traditional interpretation speaks of being empowered by the King. 138 . 1. This line predicts a favorable result because there is good communication. you need to control any lofty ambitions by making sure you have the ability to carry things through to the end. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING The Army / Military Lead- ership / Collective Power Learn the art of leadership. If you see that this is not the case. Psychologi- cally. This line speaks of the defeat of an army. 2. The impor- tance is to take responsibility and to have a non-selfish atti- tude for making things happen by firing others up with re- spect and enthusiasm. This line teaches that selfish motives are not appro- priate in a position of leadership. This means that yin and yang are in correct balance. retreat is the best thing to do. hence the need for self- restraint and for building an ‘orderly’ mindset and atti- tude. This hexagram indicates that great things can be achieved with cooperation and a good sense of leadership. 3. This means that you need to be organized from the start in order to avoid failure for yourself and those who are close to you. this indicates that one lacks leadership skills. While your intentions may be good. so you can advance toward your goal.
and the leader must carefully match the right person with the appropriate duty—otherwise you may run into failure. Here. Avoid petty people and give rewards only to those who have deserved it. Take special care in delegating duties. It indicates that the situation is such that in your present position you cannot win and should thus retreat. If you are not in a situation of leader- ship outwardly. This line is an extension of the 3rd line in that it teaches the way how to retreat safely. this line may also apply to your inner ‘team’ in that you may be advised to take a leadership po- sition in the face of contradicting inner voices. 139 . 6. The traditional interpretation emphasizes that one should never feel humiliated by re- treat. the I Ching consults to appoint an experienced leader for handling the situation. thus fulfilling two roles in one person. Thus assignments should be clearly given. SHI (7) 4. You have basi- cally made it through but you need to be careful what kind of people you are sharing your success with. 5. This line may also be interpreted as reflecting a person who as a leader needs to be a good manager as well. and take a responsible action based upon self-reflection.
比 8 BI — — ——— — — — — — — — — .
This line teaches that the achievement of good part- nership outwardly is the result of inner values. thus a lucky situation. Thus. You have made it to a position of some influence or leadership. This hexagram indicates a situation where even when you think you are absolutely right. integrity. If you link up with people of shadowy reputation. This is the result of your inner coherence which makes that on the outward level you come over as honest and trustworthy. you should consult others by communicating effectively. This line indicates success while one may not have done anything special. 2. The undecided will join in. 1. Success is indicated but it will come only through joint effort and cooperative action. with whom you can cooperate. Thus perseverance brings a positive result! 3. The traditional interpreta- tion speaks of ‘unity from within’ which bodes well. 4. it may negatively affect your own social standing later on. The traditional interpretation speaks of fellowship with an unvirtuous person. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Fellowship / Unity / To- getherness A time for union and cooperation. coherence. or persons. You may be in the role of support for a person. Thus while be- 142 . and focus. make sure to align your- self with the right people. sincerity.
he will not persecute it. A historical example here is the French Revolution. Likewise. Here a situation is indicated where one has failed to cooperate with others because of a tendency to isolate one- self or because the time of unity has passed. BI (8) ing prudent. If the nobility had seen the necessity to make concessions when the time was still positive for reform and moderation. He practices self-restraint in that when an animal achieves to escape the hunting circle. The traditional interpretation of this line speaks of a leader who engages in a hunt. 143 . you may graciously support others. When this is achieved. In daily situations. 5. and another cycle has set in. much bloodshed and still greater corruption by Robespierre’s brutal revolutionary regime would have been avoided. great success is possible for all parties involved! 6. a good leader uses only those who approach by their own volition and doesn’t force himself or herself on people. as this will bring advancement for the partnership. this line teaches the im- portance of using time effectively in a leadership position as everything is cyclic in life.
小畜 9 XIAO CHU ——— ——— — — ——— ——— ——— .
This kind of involuntary re- treat is auspicious for it leads to a reevaluation of the situa- tion. Avoid reckless actions! 2. Trust your inner guidance and you will know how to act appropriately. the I Ching advises prudence. 3. All success under this hexa- gram will be incremental and slow. 1. There may be some contention or struggle. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Small Accumulation / Limitation / Incremental Progress Small successes are at the basis of abundance. The traditional picture of this hexagram is that clouds are moving across the sky but no rain is falling. It doesn’t bring you advantage to insist on your point of view or go ahead with too much self-confidence. As so often at the starting point of a new situation. but through proper cooperation and communication. If you focus on inner guidance. the right way will be shown to you. Inner coherence 146 . You have the choice here to proceed or retreat. Others will realize that you are open to compromise. You may notice that somehow you are dragged away from a problematic situation. The situation cannot be mastered through single-handed advance. This indicates a situation where one should be outwardly flexible but in- wardly determined and focused.
Adversity may be on the increase and you are advised to not lose your cooperative spirit. 5. your moderate attitude. you can be influential in this position. then eve- rything will bode well! 6. and your honesty will help you to cooperate effectively with others so as to master this situation and bring about a suc- cessful outcome. This line cautions you to consolidate your gains in- stead of pressing further ahead. Here your cooperative attitude attracts even more important people and you can make good connections. When you sincerely communicate with others. No more trouble. 147 .’ This means that your un- derstanding of the situation. 4. The traditional interpre- tation of his line is ‘Be confident. Wipe away the blood and avoid danger. XIAO CHU (9) and harmonious thoughts will assist you in bringing about positive results. Be willing to share and have a charitable intention.
戾 10 LI ——— ——— ——— — — ——— ——— .
It is also important to maintain 150 . while even the strictest criminal law will not be able to prevent. let alone eradicate criminal behavior. Then you preserve your inner peace. 3. Do things appropriately. 2. who people behave in society. The I Ching teaches throughout that when neither honor nor disgrace are imposed on a plain good life. This hexagram is all about conduct. nor any high position or honor. arrogance or excessive ambi- tion. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Conduct / Behavior / At- titude Pay close attention to your conduct. This line traditionally speaks of a person who steps on the tail of a tiger and is bitten. Do not as- sume obligations in this position for you depend too much on the goodwill of others. Sometimes a bad attitude can spoil the best cause. one achieves happiness. Simplicity and modesty (moderation) are safeguard- ing a tranquil life. Conduct yourself simply and naturally. It’s a situation of danger caused by lacking foresight. It is an important hexagram in that peace and order flow out from good human conduct. The advice in this situation is to be flexible and avoid a rigid stubborn attitude. 1. Do not get entangled in other people’s dreams and do not expect favors from others. and which attitude is appropriate in different situa- tions.
Check out your conduct now and in the past. for you will see that you reap what you sow. you can go prudently ahead. you may want to change your goals. There is danger in this position but if you can muster self-discipline and you have a true understanding of the situation. you can achieve high in your life. Hence the need to refresh your attitude from time to time. Now you can proceed with your project or en- deavor. If you feel that it’s not worth the effort. 5. LI (10) inner coherence and avoid being misled by hot temper or resentment. If you are able to gain a certain objec- tiveness in assessing your behavior. 151 . you have mastered the danger indi- cated by the 3rd line. The law of karma is but cause and effect depending on the na- ture of our actions. Here advancement means to have gained wisdom through understanding one’s past. because one has been prudent and flexible. In this situation. 6. 4.
泰 11 TAI — — — — — — ——— ——— ——— .
It may not yet be visible but there will be a turning point. The I Ching teaches that inner coherence and harmony are the keys to success. you bring more harmony into your life. Especially when you work for the common good. When you have the courage to harmonize all opposites in this way. Being non-judgmental. 2. The law of attraction works positively in your life now. Your present situation undergoes a change. Harmony means that you keep to the middle way. you will attract people with similar goals and you can establish successful cooperation. You can contribute to a smooth con- 154 . it indicates that you are basically on the right path and act in alignment with the cosmos. This doesn’t mean defeat. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Peace / Harmony / Success Good opportunity. You can establish good connections now with others and proceed toward your goal. avoiding extremes. 3. Broadmindedness will increase coherence within yourself and others around you and you can accomplish great achievement in alignment with your higher purpose in life. thereby achieving more. Proceed. This is an overall positive hexagram. and taking a position of latitude by accepting both the good and bad elements you see in the world is beneficial. When you receive it in a reading. 1.
both spiritually and financially. It is important not to re- act to change with fear because that will close your oppor- tunity window. You are now at a point to experience how your in- ner coherence positively influences the people around you. you can share your success with more than one person. and you may be surprised how much support you will re- ceive for achieving your goal. When you trust others from a genuine position of broad-mindedness. you will receive their help and coop- eration. This is a true blessing! 6. you will have more successes in your life. and can benefit many. it comes up only if you resist change. 4. despite change. there is a time of consolidation when you need to care for maintaining your success. for this would make them appear bigger to you as they really are. In 155 . by being faithful and focus on the attitude that has brought you success. do not resist them on the mental and emotional levels. When you encounter obstacles. helps you to steer your ship successfully through this time. You enjoy the broad support of those around you by being upright and modest in your attitude. then. Being open to change but seeing the potential for growth. After the peak of prosperity has been passed. so be open to receive the help that is offered to you. This is a position of leadership that has the potential of great accomplishment. and by so doing. Many great achievements require more than one person to be accomplished. 5. TAI (11) tinuation. Fear negatively affects inner coherence.
avoiding any hazardous actions or investments. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING such a time you need to be both positive and prudent. It is also helpful in such a time to strengthen the bonds with those who support your cause. 156 .
否 12 PI ——— ——— ——— — — — — — — .
There is potential success waiting for you if you keep uninvolved and trust the correctness of your cause. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Obstacle / Adversity / Ob- struction Keeping still and remaining upright is favorable. Do not attempt to please those who you find are lacking integrity or honesty. 3. Do not compromise with the mass mind and be un- affected by flattery. On the other hand. The most important is to keep your smart in such a time and to not divulge your motives or strategy. 1. A strong will and patience are needed. keep to yourself and maintain your dignity. Be faithful to your in- ner guidance. Remain- ing upright in times of adversity is the recipe for great prosperity! 2. This hexagram depicts a situation of confusion. assess how you have contributed to bringing this compromising situation 158 . but wait and keep to yourself. Instead. This time will pass. Tradition- ally the picture was one of scattered sand which cannot bind together. You can use it for strengthen- ing your resolve and preparing for later success. Do not get involved in anything that is not in align- ment with your highest principles. It is hard to know which direction to take. Do not go forward with your undertaking or relationship.
If you trust your inner guidance. Thorough self-reflection will help you to correct the situation and go out unharmed. Having faith in a good delivery brings you blessings. PI (12) about. 4. You can now pull through the crisis and turn danger to safety. This is the result of your inner coherence. After adversity comes rejoicing. A cautious and prudent attitude will help you. Remain mindful to reach your goals through correct and timely action. The cycle is about to change and adversity now be- gins to wane. the more you need to repay to them at a later time. while you should not slacken your efforts to achieving your goal. The more you accept others’ favors. Success is waiting for you! 6. 5. and your faith in the positive nature of cyclic development. and try to minimize dependence on others. 159 . you will see that this guidance takes on every possible help and sup- port in your outer life.
同人 13 TONG REN ——— ——— ——— ——— — — ——— .
and you will realize that you have only created limitations for everyone involved. 162 . Let others know about your projects and ideas and be impartial in sharing with others. not a real commu- nity. It brings you and those you are sharing with advantage to meet in a spirit of communion and with a positive mindset. you will end up in a clique. You also may lack a public spirit and hold narrow views. others not. there are different situations of uniting with others. This is the result of narrow-mindedness. some appropriate. You may later regret your selfish motives. You may not be entirely clear about your motives. You may realize that those around you have an agenda and do not really cooperate with you. This hexagram refers to a group of people working in har- mony. Your ambition may be greater than your potential for reali- zation: this brings about inner friction and works counter to coherence. This is a time to leave your familiar surroundings and get into the open. The overall value to be discussed here is trust. Thus for a certain time not much can be achieved. When you lose your impartial spirit and adopt par- tial views. 2. 1. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Fellowship / Community / Uniting with People Work hand in hand with people. 3. and trust-building in all kinds of relationships. However.
163 . To be obsessed with certain personal goals may iso- late you from others in the long run. The achievement of your goal is possi- ble. you are now in a position of going forward through introspection and inner change. TONG REN (13) 4. 5. You will re- alize that you have little influence upon those you wish to cooperate with. but not through any kind of forceful action. you are heading toward the light. but this relationship will be limited in some ways. Then true communion with others will be possible and bring advan- tage for all parties involved. Your inner coherence brings positive resonance from others who are in a similar situation. When you realize that. There is potential for community with others. However. Together you can re- move the obstacles that were in the way to achievement and great victory is in sight! 6.
大有 14 DA YOU ——— — — ——— ——— ——— ——— .
This awareness will help you to advance! 2. and have the com- mon good in mind. and you should overcome such nega- tive feelings by building positive faith in your cause. Some traditional I Ching interpretations stress that it was the only hexa- gram of the I Ching where all lines are positive. You have abundant resources now and can under- take an important task. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Great Harvest / Power / Abundance Make good use of your wealth of experience. your public spirit will be recognized and re- warded. This line indicates that your ambi- tions will be rewarded with great success! 3. The stress here is upon accomplishment by using one’s wealth of expe- rience. You may be too iso- lated still or anxious. If you have charitable ambitions at this time. The most impor- tant is that you keep your heart open. 166 . There may be losses in some field. 1. and unex- pected gains in other areas of your life. Your idea or project may have great potential but the situation is still in its beginning stage. then you pass safely through this time of change. Do not indulge in ego-driven pursuits but share your wealth to benefit others. This is an overall very positive hexagram.
try to cooperate. You can only realize in life what you have an equivalent for in your mental domain. 6. Instead of competing with others. the universe will help you and great blessings will follow for everyone! The great art of leader- ship is to achieve balance inwardly and outwardly. try to conciliate. you won’t be harmed. nobody will take you lightly. When you are honest and open. Instead of displaying a boastful and ostentatious attitude. 5. If you do not force things. DA YOU (14) 4. 167 . which results in coherence within yourself and all those who help you achieving your goals. you don’t need to be superior in every detail. but also dignified and serious. thus keep fo- cused and visualize your goals. If you live rightly and benefit those who have helped you to this position. This is a position of successful leadership. being receptive and sincere while maintaining power results in high achievement. As a leader.
谦 15 QIEN — — — — — — ——— — — — — .
3. do the trip and it will bring you advantage! 2. Your proper conduct will bring you success. Embrace all you do with diligence and keep an attitude of modesty. Besides. According to Richard Wilhelm. 1. Once you are widely successful. If some travel is connected with your project. Ultimately.’ When you are in a position of authority. 4. This is another hexagram in the I Ching where all six lines are positive and beneficial. much can be achieved and you can get a lift from a lowly position into a higher sphere of responsibility or realm of being. do not let fame get into your head. With a modest and disciplined attitude. thus remain modest even when you meet acclaim. this shows ‘how great a value Chinese wisdom places in this virtue. con- sideration of others is particularly important. this re- 170 . you should be humble especially when you are praised. It is beneficial to be to the point and carry out your duties mindfully. then you will achieve high. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Modesty / Humility / Mod- eration Modesty and moderation bring success. Your attitude of moderation brings you advance in all affairs. Do not distinguish between pleasant and unpleasant tasks and duties. A good reputation is not a goal in itself.
dissatisfaction arises for the modest per- son as others try to take advantage of him or her. and serve the common good. both pri- vately and in public. you can advance smoothly and all obstacles will vanish out of your way. If you do not depend on wealth or personal status and you have the benefit of all in mind. Then you will be able to maintain moderation and keep to the middle way which brings ul- timate success. It may cause inner struggle to realize that others take one’s mod- esty as a display of weakness. you will gain the final victory—not those who misrepresent your motives! 171 . Sometimes. QIEN (15) quires you to keep inner balance in all you do. do not allow oth- ers to get you out of your inner poise. but remain steadfast. it does not for that matter concede others any rights over you. 5. However. Being moderate in attitude is a form of mental discipline. This is the result of maintaining a selfless and dedicated attitude. If you have the strength to keep your attitude intact despite all. 6.
豫 16 YU — — — — ——— — — — — — — .
self-confidence. When you are humble and sincere. Cooperation and shared enthusiasm are essential in order to progress appropriately. However. they may even deceive you. this hexagram also puts the stress on one’s atti- tude and advises one to be moderate and disciplined when going forward. All in your life is a reflection of your inner state of mind. You will be successful! 3. you disregard the 174 . trusting in your principles … all this means basically the same: when you are poised and disciplined. not outward appearances. A successful period is on the way. unshaken by how things are developing for you. Relationships and social contacts may not lead you toward your goals. and your level of inner coherence. when you are too complacent. You may call it faith. 1. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Enthusiasm / Harmony / Expansion This is a time for expansion and growth. When you trust your inner guidance. Trust your inner guidance. you help this divine power in you to unfold creatively for you. you may block this force. 2. on the other hand. If you believe that gaining advantage from some so- cial relations will bring you success. you are led toward the right people or you attract them into your life. or even stoic. you attract a positive and happy outcome of the situation.
Trust the guidance you receive from the universe! You can still change direction and correct a sycophantic attitude. YU (16) creative power that is located in your own inner mind. 175 . Then you may discover a vein of new growth that can lead you to a new victory. and this brings you success! 5. and to restrain yourself. Doing so will bring you ultimate success. while a stoical and good-natured attitude helps and heals you. reduce your expenses. 6. they may lead to deterioration and a self-centered attitude. This means. it is beneficial to develop mindfulness. Over-indulgence weakens you. A truthful and joyful attitude which is consistent can get you far in life: you will attract friends and collabora- tors. You will experience new creative ideas emerging from your inner mind. it brings you advantage to be steadfast and disciplined in your conduct. In such a case. and avoid excesses of any kind. When joy and happiness are extreme. 4.
随 17 SUI — — ——— ——— — — — — ——— .
It is advantageous to you now to go out and meet people of various kinds. Stay focused on your long-term goals and you will reach them. The word here connotes two meanings: following up to one’s highest principles. one is a willful attitude without ever listening to advice. There is a proverb that says that not failure. and following another person or example. make sure you make your own decisions. and communicate. This hexagram teaches the value of compliance. This also means to let lower and inferior 178 . THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Compliance / Following / Diligence It is beneficial to be of service while trusting your principles. but small success is the enemy of great success for it leads to complacency. Have your greater future in mind and think long-term. 2. When you let go of the smaller for gaining the big- ger. 1. You may easily attract help and support for the realization of your projects and ideas when you meet others in a friendly and positive mood. however. The middle way is the way to go. There are two extremes in life that need to be avoided. Stay true to your highest principles and avoid to be too much focused upon small profits. While listening to others’ suggestions and ideas. and the other is an attitude of lenience that imitates others because the person lacks identity. 3. you are aligned with your divine power which always wants your best.
This line indicates great success. 5. a helper or advisor. Others may want to bind you in. Such an attitude brings you ultimate success and also strengthens your character. 4. Your faithfulness brings you rich reward. your correct attitude has impressed oth- ers to follow you or to seek you out for advice. Some of your connections may try to pull you in a direction that is not what you were originally wanting to be heading toward. 6. and believe in what you initially rec- ognized to be true and worthy. or a healer. Remain focused on your goals and try to act independently. You will be rewarded every time you offer others help and support without selfish motives! 179 . as an expert or con- sultant. SUI (17) goals behind and focus upon higher and more worthy and noble goals. Whatever your field of expertise.
蛊 18 GU ——— — — — — ——— ——— — — .
1. A compromising attitude needs to be avoided. then the right ac- tion for correction or reform is to be taken. You can only solve a problem in the present. Corruption is already manifest at this point. on the psychic level. or both. This prob- lem may be within you. Let the past be gone and pre- pare your future by bringing order into your life now. the situation needs to be properly assessed. but in the end you will be successful if you persist. 2. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Correct Corruption / Im- prove Things / Act Against Decay Act decisively to put things right. You are in a situation where you are asked upon to put order and bring about renewal. The value of the advice received by this hexagram is to correct the situa- tion in the best possible manner. or in your outward life. Live in the present. It may not look possi- ble at first to solve the problem which has to do with your past. Use only harmonious means to put things right. Avoid thus to indulge in 182 . At the beginning. for other- wise you would trigger unnecessary resistance. Do not waste energy by thinking of the past and what would have happened if you had done this or that differently … such worries make it only worse. not for the past.
you may end up with defeat. doing so will result in an improvement of the situation that was long needed. not in the past. You are asked upon to assume responsibility and act decisively. On the outward level. you are on a new and positive track! 4. If you slacken in your efforts. To turn this situation around. your efforts to correct the problem may meet resistance. The solution is to avoid excess and trust your inner guidance that the right solution will come about. Do not take over any of the thought patterns of your past. This may cause conflict with others. you may have been over- zealous or impatient to put things straight. and do not blame anybody for what happened in the past. coherence and positive conviction will produce the right outcome! 5. your wellbeing is in the eternal now. Such an attitude should be accompanied by for- giveness: forgive yourself and others. GU (18) regrets and seize the day (carpe diem) for building a new positive and forward-looking attitude—now! 3. You may as well decide to get out of the situation entirely and devote yourself to the life of the sage. As soon as you feed your inner mind with your new convictions. The disorderly or problematic situation will be cor- rected thanks to your persistence and determination. You will attract help to correct the situa- tion and you can earn merit and honor! 6. and practice self-improvement instead of trying to improve 183 . you need to persist without being over-zealous and yet confident that your inner harmony.
you will reap a rich reward also on the outward level for you will see that your entire life will change for the better. relationships. you can benefit others with your wisdom. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING situations around you. or your business. Then. in your life. and your influence upon the world and others will grow. 184 . when you clarify and clear up your thoughts and calm your emotions. So doing brings success because our outside world is but a reflection of our own inner processes. when you bring balance into your inner setup.
临 19 LIN — — — — — — — — ——— ——— .
then you will pass through this period successfully. 1. and others will cooperate. This is a prosperous time for you. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Advancing / Going For- ward / Progress Advance with a positive attitude. Advancement or progress is a yang movement. When you are convinced of doing the right thing and you are saturated with a benevolent attitude toward all beings. 4. you will advance. 3. Your advance should always be cautious and mind- ful. impartial and mindful advancement benefits others. Being impartial in this advantageous situation brings the greatest gain! 2. This is an overall positive hexagram that shows the virtue of advancing properly. This success is the result of your inner coherence and your harmonious and impartial attitude! 186 . This makes your advance smooth and you can continue to grow personally and in your responsibili- ties. and others will come to share in your ideas. it needs to be controlled for avoiding excess. as such. You are perfectly overseeing the situation. Your positive. such as being flattered or in- dulging in negative thinking. Ban any lower motives.
187 . Thus. and you can gain a position of respect. You have been so success- ful in your advancement that at this point you should choose competent and loyal helpers for delegating respon- sibilities. LIN (19) 5. This is the sign of a leader. honor and wisdom. The positive and compassionate vibrations you radi- ate toward others bring you in a sphere of growth and in- fluence. you can benefit many people while being victorious yourself! 6.
观 20 GUAN ——— ——— — — — — — — — — .
As long as your mind is clouded with self- defeating beliefs. This hexagram teaches the value of self-reflection and stock- taking. When trying to influence others. you must believe that what you are conveying is true and accepted by your inner mind as being true! 2. You need to adopt latitude and insight in the greater social perspective so that you can be- 190 . all the other lines are positive and indicate that one’s vision is properly enhanced by self-reflection and thus correct. Your self-development depends on a correct vision of yourself. or else with self-aggrandizing ideas. You should see yourself and the situation you are in from a greater distance. Try to see yourself embedded in a greater systemic network so that you can detect all the influences you are exposed to. it is necessary for you to be honest with yourself. which may be based upon poor vision or correct vision. For so doing. 1. you cannot develop yourself. or point of view. you will not get a correct vision and appreciation of the complexity of the situation. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Contemplation / Stock- taking / Reflection Take a good look at yourself. As long as you are entangled with it. It is also concerned with one’s overall view of life. While the first two lines speak of poor vision.
and others. 3. 4. If it is. True wisdom is to be able to look at yourself through the eyes of others. This will enable you to decide about the next step to take. Heaving reached this level of objectiveness in assess- ing yourself. 191 . and if that influence is positive and beneficial. you can focus upon eternal verities. and the faculty to look upon life. You are now in a situation of leadership and as soon as you are able to assume some level of objec- tive self-assessment. You will discover that the ultimate victory in life is the victory over your own ego. one that surpasses your own position. thereby becoming a light for many others who look up to you. This is very rewarding! 6. GUAN (20) come influential. You are in an excellent position now for developing a great vision. It is a position of leadership that. you know you are on the right track. if you have the necessary social awareness. can certainly lead you to assuming a situation of considerable social influence. 5. from an unselfish and broad-minded perspective. At the same time. The best way to see how you are do- ing in life is not by second-guessing what kind of person you are. but by attentively assessing how you come over to others. Investigate your inner motives from the point of view of a broad vision. and for overseeing the social implications of your actions. you should calmly trust your inner guidance. Trust your inner guidance that everything will unfold in time for you to do the right thing in the right moment. you shall become a role model for others.
噬嗜 21 SHI HO ——— — — ——— — — — — ——— .
1. Such moral courage can transform gentleness into the highest 194 . and do not allow others to drag you into any compromising situa- tion. you are still able to reform yourself without suffering undesired social repercussions. The teaching of this hexagram is to get entirely beyond toxic emotions. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Biting Through Hardship / Correction / Reform Adopt severe measures. you should inwardly be firm and principle-minded. Be always watchful that your thoughts and actions abide by the laws of universal harmony. If you discover that you have failed to comply with this universal law. While appearing as virtuous and kind outwardly. It’s like cutting away an evil force. This is how you can learn from your mistakes and avoid to repeat them! 2. Be aligned with the principles of truthful and respectful conduct. The image of ‘biting through’ indicates that one needs to act decisively to correct the situation. and to thereby ‘clean up’ and reform one’s inner and outer life. It was especially important for this hexagram to provide a new interpretation for punishment is not the way heaven acts. shame and self- condemnation. and should therefore not be the way a devel- oped person acts.
but if you per- sist in a constructive and positive attitude for overcoming the problem. you will naturally do what is right. This is how you can dissolve the obstruction. Adopt a somewhat stoical attitude and keep focused not on the problem. They weaken your entire organ- ism and block your progress. Be persistent with this attitude and you will be able to reform yourself! 4. There may be danger all around you. jealousy. If you try to force your ego through the situation instead of understanding it. what- ever reaction you encounter from the outside world. Cleanse your inner mind regularly from such toxic emotions by repeating positive and uplifting affirmations on a daily basis. Are you having ears and cannot hear. and feelings of revenge. You must face the problem di- rectly and work through it completely. bite the bullet. Beware of mental poison in the form of negative thinking and emotions such as anger. rage. and soci- 195 . SHI HO (21) form of virtue and power. 3. you will be victorious. and keep a positive attitude toward overcoming the difficulty. per- sist. and eyes and cannot see? You cannot reform yourself by ignoring the advice of others or by closing your eyes in front of your inner and outer reality. envy. 5. but on the solution! 6. However difficult your problem may seem. If you have faith in your inner guidance. and however stringent the adversity is you may be facing. you will suffer a setback or defeat and create conflict with others.
THE LEADERSHIP I CHING ety. Listen to the voice of conscience timely enough to avoid any undesired outcome of the situation! 196 .
贲 22 BI ——— — — — — ——— — — ——— .
Progress by your own effort instead of overly count- ing on others’ help and support. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Adornment / Beauty / Grace Develop grace and wisdom. 2. 1. without emphasizing form over substance. and piercing the veil of daily life. It will benefit you to trust your own capa- bilities and to focus on your principles. Self-education is important through- out our lives. nobility and grace. you may inspire and uplift others and by so doing. experience yourself being inspired and uplifted. Most peo- ple look only at the outside of things and people. considering the beauty of character. Trusting appearances does not bring you forward in life. 3. and there is no age when we stop learning and growing. 198 . It is positive for your development to develop a graceful and pleasing personality. personal culture. This hexagram is associated with art and civilization. and true intelligence. and the way a developed person refines his character. This is a good time for advancement if you avoid appearances and opt for your intrinsic values. finding beauty in superficial decorum instead of looking inside. if you focus upon your convictions and prin- ciples. Instead.
Having chosen the right attitude from the start. or else simplicity. Simplicity is the secret of good conduct. you are being rewarded for you will be supremely successful in the end. sincerity and virtue. You may either put the stress on developing your outward position. In this position you are having a choice. glamor. you will strengthen your spiritual guidance and you will experi- ence an increase in worthwhile and interesting relation- ships with others. 5. BI (22) 4. Your true nature is now developed and you are having an increasing and beneficial influence upon others. This is true success! 199 . If you choose to put the stress on your inner values. and fame. compassion and sincerity. 6. and having developed grace.
剥 23 BO ——— — — — — — — — — — — .
1. try to clearly assess your situation. while the top yang line is the single force of virtue. The five yin lines of this hexagram were traditionally asso- ciated with an evil or negative force. Keep to yourself. use positive affirmations after waking up to dispel the depressive mood. and rebuild faith on a daily basis. Meanwhile. When you have bad dreams. Instead. All cycles in life lead to decline or decay. 2. You may be in a com- promising situation. Put a hold immediately to all negative thoughts and affirm to being guided toward the best possible outcome of the situation. but always keep in mind that the ‘en- 202 . Avoid being self-righteous and be cautious in your conduct. hence it is well possible to interpret this hexagram without speaking of evil forces. wait patiently for better times to come and avoid bitching and complaining. It’s not chance but systemically sound that this hexagram is fol- lowed by Renewal (24). thereby avoiding a moralistic interpretation which would not be in alignment with the tenets of Taoism. and thereby. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Erosion / Decline / Frag- mentation Put things on hold. Do not indulge in wishful thinking. to renewal.
but you can turn the situation around by stopping thoughts of defeat and. Do not trust low mo- tives or low-minded people around you. 4. while having 203 . of self-condemnation. Toxic thoughts and emotions are always involved in dangerous situations. 3. Use positive affirmations to dispel apprehension and wait for a turn of the tide. anger or revenge. 5. and by patiently affirming that your inner guidance will summon the right solution. you are coherent on your inner level and there will be safety all around you. BO (23) emy’ is in your own house: it takes the form of negative thoughts and emotions that are ravaging your inner peace and prevent inner coherence. for when you are at peace with yourself. and you will be removed from evil. hate. The tide is now turning in your favor and you are close to a successful outcome. You may be in a dangerous situation. forgive your- self and immediately start affirming that you are positively guided by universal love and that the whole situation will turn to the best for everybody involved. and you can avoid friction. Maintain your integrity and be faithful to a good outcome. worse. Thus if you have indulged in toxic emotions or thoughts. You will see that faithfulness and positive attitude have made your adversaries vanish away or be drawn into defeat while you enjoy the positive outcome of the situa- tion! This outcome is the fruit of your virtue. Cooperation with others will be beneficial for all parties involved! 6.
THE LEADERSHIP I CHING tried to force defeat on your adversaries. you would have been yourself defeated. 204 .
24 FU — — — — — — — — — — ——— .
However. steadfastness and constancy are important. You may have arrived at a bifurcation point. 2. in this hexagram. negativity is giv- ing way to light. contrary to the previous one. THE PRACTICAL I CHING Return / Renewal / Revival A time for renewal. 1. If you are not certain or you are torn up by doubt. When you opt for what you con- sider right and correct. 3. In a time of renewal. If you are around them or if you just take them as your role model doesn’t make a difference. as so often in the I Ching. A cer- tain action may not be in accord with your principles. a refusal to follow the teaching of the hexagram. It is advantageous for your development to follow those of whom you think highly. the most important is that you return to your own true nature. you may miss an opportunity. Make a sound decision. choose that as your direction! Such an orientation. Thus revival or renewal can start to grow. which is in alignment with your higher values. will bring renewal in your life and will strengthen your character. an excess or. and it does so from the first to the fifth line. In other words. this weak- 206 . those who are acting in alignment with higher principles. while the sixth line shows. The first yang line is like a seed that has fallen to the ground.
and you will achieve success! 6. FU (24) ness of character can still be corrected through practicing a firm and stoical attitude. Then you may see in which way you should turn and redeem your lack of fore- sight. but with humility and understanding. a cer- tain time of solitude is beneficial. and your clear intuition. If you experience a setback. At this stage of your character development. You have now developed the firmness of character you need in order to overcome all your obstacles. inwardly or outwardly. 4. Let them go and follow but your own star. You may have missed an opportunity for renewal. Doing so will at- tract to you the real friend! 5. Some of your friends may not follow you into the new land you have discov- ered. do not react aggressively. you may be too much stricken by certain habits or desires in order for you to have an objective view of the situation. 207 .
无妄 25 WU WANG ——— ——— ——— — — — — ——— .
your intuition. Go forward with good intentions. 4. one step at a time. do not second- guess your success.’ Many good things come to pass because we plan for them. Sometimes they are good surprises. it may not be useful to listen to 210 . Wu Wang deals with situations in life that are beyond our conscious control. Just go forward. sometimes bad surprises. but there are also many things that come about spontane- ously when we are ‘innocent’ and inwardly coherent. Trust your heart. and the universe will give it back to you in another form. You will win over obstacles in your way when re- maining faithful to your goal. All successful endeavors need careful preparation. Act independently and you will be victorious! In such a situation of inner clarity. 2. but with no harmful intention. your inner mind. When you experience loss. 3. trusting your heart. Do not doubt to go into the right direction. 1. This is why the ancients called this hexagram ‘unexpected happening’ or ‘innocence. and avoid a resentful attitude. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Innocence / Unexpected Happening / Surprise Proceed. provided you remain faithful and innocent. What truly belongs to you cannot be lost. do not accept it in your inner mind. or at a later time.
WU WANG (25)
friends, but, to use a Gandhi saying, to ‘trust the friend
5. If you encounter a problem that was not caused by
yourself, be it related to health, finance, or a relationship,
remain steadfast and relax. Focusing on your inner direc-
tion will surely help you and the problem will take care of
6. In this position, you better stand still for a certain
time. Advancing at this moment does not bring you benefit
and can turn out to be dangerous. Be patient and wait for a
better moment for taking action!
26 DA CHU
THE LEADERSHIP I CHING
Great Potential / Creative
Energy / Great Power
Stay firmly committed and go forward.
This hexagram gives advice how to deal with creative en-
ergy, an accumulation of energy. In the traditional sense,
amassing positive energy means gathering personal virtue,
material support, information, and knowledge, in the sense
not of book knowledge, but of intuition. Thus, this hexa-
gram teaches how to amass positive energy and help people
develop collectively in a positive direction. If energy can be
properly controlled, then people are united and success is
1. At this point, nonaction is advised. There are certain
obstacles in your way that you may ignore. Racing ahead
does not bring you benefit. Calm down and wait, the right
moment will come soon!
2. Focus on your goal and diligently carry out your
daily duties. A big leap is not possible at this moment, thus
conserve your vitality for the moment when the energy is
ready for progress.
3. The way begins to open for your breakthrough, but
you need to harness your talents and avoid rushy, impul-
sive action. Go forward with prudence and secure your
DA CHU (26)
4. You have used your energy wisely. The obstacles in
your way have helped you to activate your resources. You
can now reach a breakthrough success if you do not force
things. Let life help you and you will be victorious!
5. True leadership is the ability to avoid direct struggle
and to recognize the source of the problem instead of fo-
cusing on the symptoms. You are guided toward success if
you act moderately and prudently.
6. Having acted within the universal moral order and
with proper restraint, you can now enjoy the fruits of your
actions: you will experience a notable success!
THE LEADERSHIP I CHING
Nourishment / Nutrition
Seek the right source of income. Restrain eating and speaking.
This hexagram, Yi, means self-cultivation and nourishment
that is obtained in the proper manner, peacefully and law-
fully. The two trigrams, the lower and the upper, exemplify
different kinds of nourishment. The teaching here is how to
use restraint in eating and care in speaking, thereby bring-
ing the inward and outward flow of energies into balance.
1. Envy and jealousy surely are mental poisons. When
you envy others to enjoy their blessings, you block the way
those blessings can come to you. In addition, such an atti-
tude will negatively impact upon your sense of self-worth
and dignity. The right attitude is to bless all those you see
are fortunate, and to calmly declare that you will attract
the same for yourself within the good order of things, and
at the right time.
2. The source of wealth lies in yourself, in your talents
and abilities you were born with and which you should
cultivate. If you disregard this fact and search for income
through other people’s goodwill or favor offered to you,
you may lose your independence and in the long run, your
self-esteem may be eroded. Always try to stand on your
own feet, and provide sustenance for yourself through
work and the proper handling of your financial affairs.
6. your soul also needs to be fed with proper education. It may be beneficial to ask a person you trust for advice. emotionally. This in turn will open you the way to gain influence over others so that you can expand your affairs. Meanwhile be patient. both mentally and physically. the contempla- tion of beauty. All your projects will succeed because you care for the welfare of all! 219 . improper nutrition. This is a time of reflection and preparation. YI (27) Only exceptionally and when it’s required by the na- ture of your project or idea. materially. and you will find them. Your social awareness leads to a new path opening for you in which you have increased responsibilities and you gain influence upon others. travel or indulging in any personal extravagances. 5. You can now achieve your project. 4. and confident that the right time for action will come. the cultivation of a sense of aesthetics. you will deteriorate in all areas of your life. Avoid distractions. 3. You need not only material nourishment. In this position you may look out for helpers. in the pursuit of art and music. actively or passively. and the engagement. or the public. ask others for help and sup- port. great expenditures. you may travel to another destina- tion. If however you engage yourself only in satisfy- ing your material desires and sensual pleasures and ne- glect to feed your soul and spirit. and spiritually.
大过 28 DA GUO — — ——— ——— ——— ——— — — .
Softness and flexibility help you to avoid harm. Things are strained. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Critical Mass / Great Ex- cess / Imbalance There is excess and friction. and you can realize your desire. you may have a real opportunity. If you do not listen to well-meant advice and persist in your own way. 3. reso- nance or symmetry. 1. Pay attention to all the details before you begin anything. If you are attentive to unusual possibilities. To be very cautious in such a position is correct. The I Ching teaches the Middle Way which means to do things by keeping a proper balance in everything. This principle may also be called harmony. You have been too inflexible in the past. A gentle demeanor helps you to achieve higher. there may be excess that brings harm. while internally you should be faithful to your highest principles. equilibrium. This hexagram was traditionally considered as very unfor- tunate. It shows that energies are out of balance. The I Ching 222 . Do not think conventionally and be open for new solutions which may emerge spontane- ously. 2. Caution is needed. This is how the universe regulates it- self. that there is excess and that inner and outer strength are out of sync.
The problem can be solved by responding calmly and gently. 6. The situation may look dangerous. The same is true for old age. and to understand the reality of your life here and now. When you dream to be young while being old. extinction is not far away. The solution is to get a fresh new look at yourself. but remain soft and yielding out- wardly. you will be able to handle the situation. Through finding the appropriate measures. you may engage in foolish adventures that may bring you harm. Do not rely overly on others now. DA GUO (28) teaches that when excess of any process becomes visible. 4. To remedy this situation. 5. instead. In order to achieve anything in life you need to be realistic. Thus this line is unfortunate. but you won’t incarnate them into tangible reality. If you are overly idealistic. trust your own inner guidance. and how much you have iso- lated yourself. You can achieve success now if your vision is cor- rect. you can pro- gress. and by trusting your inner guidance. thus do not be daring in your attitude. you may have nice vi- sions and dream of many projects. you need to reflect about your lack- ing cooperation with others. If you are open to learn and change. and remain calm and centered. 223 .
大过 29 KAN — — ——— — — — — ——— — — .
It is one of only eight hexagrams where the basic trigrams are doubled. When you don’t see the light. you may stand still for a moment and stop all action. The more you do in such a situation. one may go through this cycle of danger unharmed. 3. Thus. do not despair. You are temporarily out of tune with inner guidance. 1. thus its image is reinforced! The primary guidance of this hexagram uses the nature of water as an example of appropriate conduct and self-development. Now. The best action in times of danger is nonaction. stop action. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Watery Depths / Danger / Abyss Roll with the flow to ride out danger. When you are 226 . be mindful. Do a step at a time. Calmness and clarity are appropri- ate to gradually overcoming difficulty. Confidence and mental stability help you to go through this time without harm. 2. It’s an unfortunate situation and you must face the challenge. Recklessness may get you more deeply entrapped in danger. then you will be guided to- ward a good delivery. This hexagram is formed by two identical trigrams called Kan or water. going forward is not the right thing to do. the more tends to go wrong. By remaining centered. and engage in reflection. thus change course.
it will be given to you. KAN (29) faithful to your inner guidance. Fear and self-condemnation. Your actions for coping with the danger have not been ap- propriate. 5. 6. keeping a stoical atti- tude. You can solve your problem using inner clarity and by trusting your in- tuition. What you can do now is to wait until the situa- tion changes by itself for the better. Danger will then vanish off by itself. The best attitude in such a situation is to follow the line of least resistance. as well as resentment toward others are mental poisons. Do not hesi- tate to ask for help. Things are now getting back to normal and you will find a handle for your problem or difficulty. 4. Until then. Do not chase for honor and recognition in a time that requires you to practically solve your problems and get out of danger. be patient and practice nonaction. the way out will be shown to you. They keep you from be- ing guided into safety and prolong the time of danger. 227 .
离 30 LI ——— — — ——— ——— — — ——— .
Such an attitude is 230 . and you will advance easily now because your en- ergy is properly centered. you may well set your idea to real- izing now. what you may not have achieved in your younger years. Similarly. Practice the middle way and avoid excess. even if you should have learnt it when you were much younger. To radiate brightness means that one radiates warmth in all of one’s actions. and the energy of the heart. To meet aging with nega- tive thoughts and ideas. 1. This is another of the eight hexagrams bearing double tri- grams. Keep in mind that it is never too late in life for you to learn something new. Aging is a natural process. and in the years to come. is an attitude that leads to loss. 3.’ then you will advance. On the practical level. being faith- ful to your highest principles. or with regret. This hexagram symbolizes brightness. both materially and spiritually. What you begin with a positive attitude. Focus upon your goal and keep a ‘beginner’s mind. be mod- erate. Here they double fire. light. Cultivate the heart and cooperate. thereby reinforcing the mean- ing. 2. this hexagram instructs humanity in the use of brightness and mental il- lumination for the guidance of others. you can accomplish well. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Fire / Synergy / Coopera- tion Bright and prosperous.
The magic word here is balance. Do not judge and do not treat others harshly. 4. or both. then your life will be harmonious and prosperous. even if you recognize their mistaken attitude. You must have the mental equivalent for anything you desire in your outward life. the more destiny cares for your own wellbeing. such a broadening of your insight is often a blessing in that it brings the change that is needed for situating yourself on a higher level of being. while when you practice latitude of mind. Then. and instead just try to work harder for earning more. 5. How- ever. it helps you to keep your energy high. Often times. You will see that the more you care for the wellbeing of others. 231 . meeting others in a good-willed manner. If you don’t practice mental techniques such as visualization or posi- tive prayer. self-reflection leads to sadness because we recognize the mistakes committed in the past. or spiri- tually. You need to keep a balance between your inner and your outer life. 6. Negative feelings attract negative reactions. LI (30) positive and constructive. there is a danger that you end up in a burnout or attract a disease. be it materially. moderation and understanding. you may cause strain to your body and those around you. you will attract all you need to be successful! And your character will be strengthened. and between giving and receiving. Struggling for material success alone is not enough in a prosperous life.
咸 31 XIAN — — ——— ——— ——— — — — — .
be it for a business coop- eration. but there is poten- tial to deepen the relationship if both parties are ready for it. be it for a love relation. so that trust can grow between the partners. You are at the beginning of a new relationship or friendship. It brings more advantage to restrain yourself and be prudent than rushing ahead. It is just the starting point and has perhaps not much significance for you at this stage. This hexagram describes how we attract others. You may run into trouble if you act out on brute de- sire. and if mutual trust can be built. Marriage can be successful. this line was a warning to not engage in reckless sexual relations. Traditionally. Today. in whatever field of life. You may be at pains of understanding what’s really going on. 3. 1. The lines teach in which way the relationship should be handled to not overdo things. Avoid to act in an impulsive manner and try to clarify what the motives of both parties are in this relation- ship. The teaching of the I Ching here is traditional in the sense that even in love relations. a hur- ried sexual approach to a person one may fall in love with is not conceived of as positive. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Mutual Attraction / Woo- ing / Marriage Welcome new relationships. we may interpret its mean- ing differently as the realm of mutually consenting sexual 234 . 2.
Here the relationship has grown farther. If you receive this line for a business rela- tion. Trust is built through an inner proc- ess. 4. If there is too much closeness too early. You may well now talk about your feelings and see to what extent they meet a response. This is one of the rare instances in the I Ching where the fifth line is not really a better constellation than the preceding ones. 5. make sure it’s worthwhile to develop the contact fur- ther or if it’s better to not invest more energy in it and re- 235 . however there is still a need for prudence. Avoid to mentally press ahead. In case of a business relation. XIAN (31) relations is much larger and morality more permissive. and is not much influenced by the physical relation- ship. It’s not some- thing that can be forced and it won’t happen overnight. Both sympathy and respect. you may want to check out if the destination really meets your ex- pectations. this line can be interpreted in a more integra- tive sense and simply connote the need for building more trust in a relationship. resistance may be unavoidable. Nonetheless. and many other factors must come together for gradually building trust. Here it namely indicates that the relation- ship is not meaningful to you or that you cannot exert a significant influence upon the other party to move them in your direction. You need to show now that your attraction is constant and not a fleeting mat- ter. If you receive this line for a travel project. the physical relationship is anyway of lesser meaning than the mutual sympathy and the respect that flows out from it.
that we don’t miss them at all. and discussions take place. 6. This line indicates conversation. and we discover. exchange or discus- sion. It may be the final act in a business relation. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING treat. Sometimes people with whom we think we have a strong relationship move physically away. 236 . with more or less surprise. It may be a letter exchange in a platonic love relation or an intellectual relationship. the right direction will be shown to you. If you focus on inner guidance. when a contract is worked out by both parties. It may be the discussion of a marriage project or engagement in a love relation.
恒 32 HENG — — — — ——— ——— ——— — — .
The lines indicate when persistence is appropriate and when one should desist and remain still. relationships or situations it not a natural approach. Rushing into things. This line indi- cates that a balanced attitude brings the best result. When you are faithful to your goal. you will be guided to act appropriately. Constancy cannot be built if you a fear-ridden or if you doubt your motives. If this line is received for a new project. check if you are not too hasty in your approach to make things happen. In the education of children. with constancy as the underlying principle. All natural phenomena are in a continuous process of change. constancy equally is important for their feeling emotional secure. The energy cycles of all life are based upon an invariable subtle law. 2. This hexagram teaches the value of constancy in all human relations and for realizing projects. Excessive demands at the beginning of a relationship may interfere with trust-building. 1. That means to not overdo things. It is always smarter to use a cautious approach for building mutual respect and appreciation. but to do just enough to keep things moving in the right direction. Constancy both in relationships 238 . 3. or overstress a relationship. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Constancy / Continuation / Perseverance It brings advantage to be constant and persevere.
If you trust your inner guidance you may get a new creative idea or you may realize what responsible action to take to remedy the present situation. 4. This is why the I Ching considers flexibility. Mindful- ness may help you to get back on track. HENG (32) and in the realization of a project means to give a sustained effort. This is always regrettable for constancy doesn’t really mean effort. You can get above fear and doubt by building strong faith and a positive attitude. or moody. The counsel of this line is that perseverance or constancy are not enough in a position of leadership for reality also asks us to make adjustments or even change direction. You may realize at this point that you had fostered illusions and that there is no basis for continuation of your project or relationship. 5. 239 . This is a line that indicates leadership. or you may lose the opportunity. it just means to give a little energy consis- tently. you may lack this constant focus and as a result. you may check if you are flexible and crea- tive enough in your approach. If you are too fickle. else you may have used too much energy and feel exhausted. or you may slacken your efforts in the realization of a pro- ject. and how much you could gain with adopting a different viewpoint or perspective! 6. on a daily basis. and an inner focus on the outcome. not persistence. as the highest virtue of a true leader! If you received this line for a project or relationship. You may realize at this point that you slackened in your efforts to be constant and enduring. you may see your chances vanish in a relationship.
遯 33 DUN ——— ——— ——— ——— — — — — .
The cyclic alternation of yin and yang is a natural process. unassertive and not express sharpness. The lines of this hexagram describe different forms of retreat. Do not seek public exposure at this time. you should be flexible. retreat at the right time ensures safety and peace of mind. In this situation. Do not advance. It is better to stand still now or to retreat. This is not a form of weakness. 242 . on a more subtle level you are actu- ally entangled in something that long term will not bring you advantage. You have a good chance now to get out of it and start all over again. 3. Do not challenge the difficulty! 2. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Retreat / Withdrawal / Going Backward Make a strategic withdrawal. If you are faithful to your inner guidance. depending on one’s in- volvement in the situation. a way out will be shown to you. A spiritually evolved person responds correctly to the situa- tion and knows when to retreat. For a developed person. You may want to give up certain activities or in- volvements and begin others. 4. While outwardly things may seem attractive to you. Private life will offer you security and fulfillment while emotional at- tachment to mundane affairs may bring you disappoint- ment and harm. 1.
simply remain centered and unresponsive to their flattery. overcome them and adopt a positive perspective. If there are negative emotions. 6. especially when being in a leader posi- tion. but do it without making a fuss about it. do it. 243 . Here it means that re- treat will bring you more advantage than staying the course. If the situation requires a real withdrawal. Then you can remain in peace with yourself. If you are surrounded by sycophants. You can change any kind of situation by changing how you respond to it and how you see it in your mind. The situation is such that you can withdraw from your position without inner turmoil. This is one of the rare occasions in the I Ching when the top line is bringing advantage. remain steadfast but unobtrusive in your attitude. Sometimes. DUN (33) 5. retreat takes the form of an inner disentanglement rather than an open withdrawal. thereby preserving both your poise and your reputation. If you are involved in a public discussion.
大壮 34 DA ZHUANG — — — — ——— ——— ——— ——— .
you 246 . energy. Thus you can ad- vance easily. thus the energy to be used should be light. the energy can be used profitably as the atti- tude is one of restraint and moderation. which symbolizes too much strength. this hexagram teaches how to correctly channel and apply this energy in order not to damage the two yin lines on top. It’s all about the ap- propriateness of the means you are using. Here. and power can be maintained in this manner. which is why a quiet humble attitude is beneficial. Too much demonstration of strength usually creates resistance. If you think that all means are justified if only the purpose is correct. If too much is invested at this stage. hurry is a bad advisor for starting something. 2. While there is a predominance of yang. Advancing must be gradual so as to be in accordance with the law of life. or money. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Power of the Great / Great Strength / Use of Strength Apply strength correctly. At this point you have a choice. Besides. 1. it will likely be wasted. 3. Use power without abuse. in terms of time. Traditionally the image used in several lines of his hexa- gram was the goat. This line symbolizes the beginning of a project or relationship.
This line indicates that your attitude is just and bal- anced and that you are using your strength correctly. Then you can avoid conflict and the cycle of realization can be finalized successfully. 247 . At this point. for this is in align- ment with the principle of sustainability. thus a great advance is possible! 5. Then you will notice that you can advance more smoothly as a result. This is also valid in the spiri- tual realm. When you give up a stubborn attitude in order to develop more smart for handling your problems. 6. you can know how to act properly and avoid ob- stacles that are the result of pushing forward. 4. you have done the right choice. When you practice intro- spection. Successful people use appropri- ate means in every stage of a project. Sometimes we need to sacrifice something for receiv- ing something more valuable. DA ZHUANG (34) act against the law of life. Developed people educate themselves through suc- cessfully tackling their problems. you should stand still for a moment and reflect what’s tak- ing place around you.
晋 35 JIN ——— — — ——— — — — — — — .
Persist in your efforts. except however. then you may advance faithfully even though progress cannot be seen at this point. and in- tuition. This hexagram teaches that instead of pushing forward. In the beginning stage. then the universe will help you as a mother helps her son achieve greatness. a stoical attitude is the best. This is generally a positive hexagram. as so often. progress can be made safely by responding to one’s highest spirit. Let things happen naturally. This is so because true prosperity is coherence be- tween one’s energy and the external world. progress may not find the approval of those around you. Check if your intentions are correct. for the top line. In such a situation. Advancement that meets obstacles may cause you worries. and remain calm and upright. and the gathering of internal energy. 2. pro- gress and advancement in life were seen more on the in- ward level. Sometimes progress achieved through strenuous efforts may be harmful. Traditionally in Taoist wisdom. as a development of one’s capacity for introspec- tion. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Success / Progress / Ad- vancement A good time for progress and advancement. 250 . 1.
Be painstaking with yourself in all matters of right- eousness. Do not worry about gain or loss. If you practice self-restraint. Besides. always value the importance of your intentions. An aggressive attitude seldom pays in life. The I Ching teaches to ac- cept favor and disfavor as the same. and your faith in the goodness of the universe that is the basis for this kind of attitude. This line traditionally speaks of a ram advancing its horns. it 251 . the stoic is a person who knows that advancing has a value in itself regardless of meeting approval or dis- approval. Stoicism is a similar teaching. At this point. and hidden motives are no guideline for lasting suc- cess. JIN (35) 3. 6. 5. you should stop and reflect about what’s really going on. Going forward brings benefit. Going forward may be dangerous. Advance- ment is smooth and easy now. you may not end in trouble. especially health and long life. In this situation. the easier you will motivate them to help you achieve your goals. it may not be wise to advance. and it often has undesired repercussions. It’s your inner value. The more you are trusted by those around you. you may stand still and reflect. Life is never really predict- able which is why the stoical attitude brings a lot of bene- fit. and success will surely come! 4. your feeling of self-worth. This line represents another step forward. while it may be not yet be clear if this bene- fit will be material or spiritual. There is no safety in straying from the correct way.
THE LEADERSHIP I CHING helps to be faithful to the right direction for such inner strength is at the basis of all lasting success. 252 .
明夷 36 MING YI — — — — — — ——— — — ——— .
The better attitude is to retreat and get centered. similarly to 28 and 29. using the gen- eral darkness as a protection. then to move on by choosing a safer pathway. in times of darkness. it may even make you enemies. Some kind of hierarchical relationship is indicated where the upper one is ignorant and the lower one bright. people of virtue have a hard stand in society. every problem can be solved. The art in life is to not develop resentment when things go awry. 254 . and let others have their way. instead of fighting against it. This hexagram. it is vain to discuss and explain. When you feel you are misunderstood. The image is one of light vanishing and darkness ap- pearing. 1. one should never show it. is a challenging one. Each line of this hexagram teaches that. But the developed person in this position is advised to keep still and run a low profile. It saves you a lot of trouble and safeguards your health and inner peace. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Time of Darkness / Igno- rance / Difficulty Respond correctly to difficulty. The I Ching teaches that even if one is mentally or morally superior. stead- fastness and strong faith in a good delivery. for it will trigger envy or jealousy in others. With inner peace.
not the projection of it we see in others. but it should always be one’s own ignorance. which has the power to carry you to safety. You are not responsible for the negative thoughts and emotions of those around you. When you meet people who are mentally crippled because they abuse the law of life by projecting hatred and revenge into the world. in reality. or whatever. You can now easily get out of this situation without being harmed. There is no harm if you are careful and remain faithful to inner guidance. If you see that your motives and good intentions are misunderstood. Your inner light can now show you the way out of darkness. It is favorable in such a situation to run a low profile and 255 . 4. it is better to keep your ideals for yourself. wish them well. 5. stubbornness. 3. but go your way. Some- times in life we need to artfully and tactfully confront ig- norance. traditionally associated with a horse. you should have compassion with them as you would have with a physically crippled per- son. ignorance. Do not get entangled. but it’s the lesser perfect self in you. Then you may go your way and let them go in peace. When you do not compromise in matters of principle. MING YI (36) 2. This line represents the borderline between light and darkness. this something is within yourself. You may call it your shadow. you set a high standard for yourself which will bring you success and recognition down the road. Hence the metaphor of moving away from something. This is a strong line. You may meet a person who thinks in the wrong way.
This time will pass. 6. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING keep to oneself without stirring resistance in others. Down the road you will be rewarded for your inner firmness and your faith in a good delivery. and it may have been good for your developing a stoical mindset and a positive attitude. you may experience loss in life. Even hostility you find in others only reflects your own hostile attitude. If you are depressed or foster feelings of revenge. you experience decoher- ence and lack of success is the result. 256 . Forgive yourself and get back on the right path. When you act against the law of harmony.
家人 37 JIA REN ——— ——— — — ——— — — ——— .
With this understanding. the way the different energies interact determines the harmony of the entire family or group. Generally speaking. This hexagram teaches how to behave in a family or any group. it makes sense to establish firm rules in any fam- ily or community. for that matter. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Family / The Clan / Group Life Find your proper place. you may want to show them respect and gratitude to earn their constant benevolence. but you will talk with him or her. 258 . one should reflect about the diversity of life. so that people know what their duties are. you may not want to remain silent when your child develops bad habits. If you are a parent. the members radiate different energies toward each other and peace and order are determined by the capability of each member to handle his or her energy properly. In every family or grouping a certain amount of or- der and discipline must reign so that everybody feels safe and comfortable. 1. When you are in front of your parents. This is so because ultimately. not trying to see conflict in this fact. and also can anticipate what happens when they dis- respect them. The basic pattern of cooperation re- lies on the correct organization of diverse energies. In every group.
3. those rigid roles today are widely abandoned for we all have both male and fe- male energy within us. An assertive attitude may not be in keeping with your position in the family or group. there will be disorder. If you are not sure which position to take. people will not unfold emotionally and remain tight up. it brings advantage to the family or group and down the road to yourself if you focus upon the wellbeing of the whole instead of satis- fying your own needs. 4. JIA REN (37) 2. This line indicates that your faithfulness and proper attitude bring blessings to all members of the family or group. When you set a good example and show a re- 259 . If the rules are too strict. safety. the members must practice a certain amount of moderation. Hence the need for balance. be advised that the I Ching generally values moderation and self-discipline higher than a libertarian attitude. It brings you advancement to be mindful and con- sider all the details of the situation. as a communicator or negotiator. While such an attitude tra- ditionally was assigned to women. When all members of a family or group are devoted to the best for all. You are properly ad- justed and your endeavor will be successful! 5. In all group life. If there are no rules and everybody acts only on selfish motives. This is the recipe for prosperity and long-term suc- cess! 6. In this position. there is great prosperity. You may be called upon to gently harmonize various energies around you. and ad- vancement.
THE LEADERSHIP I CHING sponsible and dutiful attitude. you can inspire all those around you and your good intentions will be recognized and rewarded! 260 .
睽 38 KUI ——— — — ——— — — ——— ——— .
THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Contradiction / Opposi- tion / Disharmony A time of estrangement. This is the result of introspection and of a de- sire to achieve harmony in all relationships. 2. There may be meaningful encounters ahead with people if you are able to practice good communication. Only when a positive. Such an attitude may cause you to see evil. you will attract harmonious relationships. 3. harmonious view is adopted will one be able to cooperate properly with others and thereby reach one’s goals. be mindful to not retaliate. Do not worry about it as this cy- cle soon comes to an end. Thus use restraint and modera- tion to remain in peace with yourself. Do not try to force unity of spirit when you see that disharmony be- tween people is growing. but to act from a superior position. You always attract the equivalent of what you foster in your own mind. When others hurt your feelings. A situation of strife and opposition may come to an end now and harmony will return. The law of attraction works positively for you if you keep your inner mind pristine and clean and in a positive condi- tion. dishonesty or insincerity in others. All our problems in life 262 . This hexagram teaches that disharmony between people is the result of doubt and suspicion. 1. If your thoughts and ideas are harmo- nious. Only small things can be achieved.
a wise person. While there was opposition in your past. it has vanished off now and harmony and close relationships are possible now in your life. Making peace with others therefore always requires making peace with yourself first! 4. and by developing a steadfast and faithful attitude. 263 . You can now attract a partner or collaborator. you can remedy any kind of situation by turning inward and see how you have pro- jected you own inner conflict into the world. When others approach you in a spirit of making peace. 6. helper or trustworthy friend and together you can over- come difficulties and achieve greatness! 5. Rather than com- plaining about circumstances. The law of attraction works positively for you. KUI (38) are reflections of our inner difficulties. do not meet them with suspicion and hostility. Do not take your friends for your enemies and your enemies for your friends. It is now good for you to collaborate for there is trust and harmony between you and those around you. You can establish good relationships now af- ter you have dissolved your inner resistance and anxiety. Never look at the present from the perspective of the past but ac- cept novelty.
寋 39 JIAN — — ——— — — ——— — — — — .
then the right way and time for action will be shown to you. 1. 2. The I Ching teaches that all in life is both natural and cy- clic. trust your inner guidance. At this point. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Obstruction / Obstacle / Difficulty You need to overcome an obstacle in your way. If you are not sure how to solve the difficulty. While your way for- ward is blocked. It may for example be an unwill- ing attitude in those you need to cooperate with. you need to wait for the right moment. Whatever it is. or it may be a financial problem. A developed person culti- vates virtue and is not defeated by obstruction. Trust your inner guidance and the way to go will be shown to you. in- wardly or outwardly. During a time of obstruction. Thus obstruction can actually be seen as an opportu- nity for gathering energy instead of complicating matters with impatience and struggle. now the right action is to go forward and try to dissolve the obstacle by finding an effective solution. one should turn inward and cultivate patience and mental clar- ity. Here you may know what the obstacle actually is and which form it takes. The I Ching regularly advises to start a new cycle with foresight and a prudent attitude. become still and listen 266 . Obstruction can be caused by various factors. practice patience and trust your inner guidance.
There are people who care to help you. you will attract the right advisor. Now is the time to listen to your inner voice and trust your guidance. Your positive energy has attracted a beneficial re- sponse from the universe. You will be guided if you are aware of your responsibilities and foster a dutiful attitude! 3. You will attract people who help you in overcoming the difficulty. With a har- monious inner attitude. You need to accept the help from others and help develop- ing a common strategy for dissolving the obstruction. Do not endanger yourself. JIAN (39) to the voice inside. You are here to contribute to the world with your unique gifts and talents. Together. 5. This entire hexagram teaches that overcoming obstacles in life is done through quieting the restless mind and increasing inner coherence. 4. Success is indicated! 267 . Thus communication and cooperation bring you advance. helper or collaborator and together you will overcome the obstacle. In this situation. it is important to avoid acting single-handedly for it may cause you further difficulties. and achieve success! 6. you can now overcome the difficulty through a unified approach. but retreat.
解 40 JIE — — — — ——— — — ——— — — .
Forgiveness helps very much to get there for in as much you are tolerant and forgiving toward others. To be straightforward now brings you good luck. Be direct and do not hesitate to tackle difficulties on your way to accomplishment of your project or mission. Honesty and care in all dealings with others brings you advance- ment. Doing so. Success is indicated! 2. It is time for the preparation of a new project. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Dissolution of the Prob- lem / Release / Liberation Your fortune is changing for the better. was to keep still and gather energy. rather do one step at a time. This is thus the time to positively solve all problems. Here the obstructive force has started to de- crease and a new cycle is set forth.’ which implies untangling the psychological knots of one’s life. 1. JIE also means to ‘untie. After obstruction comes resolution. 270 . But do not rush. Obstruction (39). in as much you are toward yourself. The guidance of the previous hexagram. hence you get over past mis- takes. Diffi- culties are behind you. you can resolve both inward and outward entanglement.
the more you free yourself of unworthy relationships. You may have to overcome an enemy. The more your personality matures. 4. You may need all your strength and smart to get this done. arrogance and conceit! Such an atti- tude may get you into a negative karmic cycle. Beware of greed. Once you are liberated of these attachments. and trust you. Hold your vision. JIE (40) 3. use fair play. you will attract good helpers and collaborators. then nothing can defeat you. Now it’s time to set yourself free. a person who tries to mess up your plans. Free yourself from false friends and people who flat- ter you because they expect an advantage through the rela- tionship with you. Aim high and you will make it! 271 . the more you gain the trust of good people who will then put their faith in you. but the rewards will be great. 5. Success is indicated. 6.
损 41 SUN ——— — — — — — — ——— ——— .
do it in a manner that safeguards your dignity. as they are in financial affairs where a good flow of cash also is based upon inflow and outflow. Sacrificing yourself as this is understood in some religions is not what the I 274 . 2. do so. This hexagram must be properly understood with the back- ground of the yin-yang dichotomy in mind. you can go suc- cessfully through this period of time. it decreases in order to strengthen the more passive yin energy. When you help others. Another aspect of this hexagram is that everything that is excessive cannot last. When strong yang energy seeks balance. the principle of decrease can help restore harmony. It’s a time for helping others. but do not overdo it. 1. If demands are made on your time for helping others. not stagnation. In financial matters. In emotional matters. you should care for your inflow of money and your outflow of money be- ing properly balanced. If you keep matters in proper balance from the start. Reduce that which is excessive. Thus increase and decrease are cyclic in life. which is why it is advised to reduce that which is excessive in order to make it last. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Sacrifice / Decrease / Re- duce the Excessive Periodic decrease. but not for advancing in your own projects.
Here your success is obvious and visible to all. do charity and work for the common good. This is a good direction to go. This gives an opportunity for the remaining two people to form a closer bond. This is a long- term strategy for while your benefits to others are immedi- ate. You have become aware of a problem and now can work on its solution. what happens is that one person leaves the group. Thus there is success all around! 6. In such a position. When in a group of three disharmony occurs. This line shows another form of decrease. you can attract friends and helpers. It symbolizes that one is given a precious gift that one has deserved because of one’s integrity and right attitude. 275 . Only if you support others in a way that is comfortable with your own wellbeing you do it right. This may be caused by your inner guidance which considers it more advantageous that you seek cooperation with only one person so that the integrity of your plan is safeguarded. it is good to give support to others. This line was traditionally symbolized by a big tur- tle. for yourself it’s a position of good karma that may have a positive return only down the road. 4. Thereby. and if your attitude is correct. This line indicates an inner awareness process. 3. SUN (41) Ching teaches. 5.
益 42 YI ——— ——— — — — — — — ——— .
which were considered as luck bringers by the ancient Chinese. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Benefit / Increase / Advan- tage A period of increase. Normally the first line is too weak to engage in bold action but here the first and forth line are positively connected. It means that advance- ment is correct at this time. This is the result of inner coherence. This means you can harmonize your energy with others and cooperate effectively. endeavor or new relationship. This line. 5th Line. Go ahead! The traditional interpretation of this hexagram speaks of ‘crossing the great water’ which is a metaphor for any pro- ject. is associ- ated with turtles. you can now have great success by going forward. Often in life. If you are correctly aligned with your principles. Obstacles can thus be overcome and you can be overall successful! 2. This line speaks of a great benefit that you receive for being positively aligned with the pur- poses of the universe. Many possibilities are ahead of you and progress comes naturally! 1. we do not recognize the hidden blessing in a situation 278 . similar to Hexagram 41. 3. you can still gain an advantage here if you stay true to your principles. While the outer circumstances that this line indicates may not be favorable on first sight.
going through a hard expe- rience helps one achieve higher. 4. The I Ching always teaches balance in life. but if you ruthlessly press ahead for selfish gain only you may experience a setback. YI (42) that seems unfortunate. you can reap great benefit for yourself for your advice will be followed. If you have the best for all parties in mind. you will be benefited yourself because of your positive inner coherence. 5. You can now be a good in-between and thereby take a responsible and authoritative position. In fact. and your charitable atti- tude. If you remain steadfast for benefiting others you can go through this cycle unharmed. 6. 279 . Such an influen- tial position may even bring more benefits later on. for all our actions. This line is a warning to not change one’s attitude in the belief that increase can be continuous and excessive. This line indicates that when you now work for the benefit of others .
THE LEADERSHIP I CHING
Resolution / Decisiveness /
Seek cooperation, avoid single-handed action!
The single yin line at the top here influences the power of
all the yang lines. Thus, the five positive energies repre-
sented by the yang lines must break through the energy
above. After a firm decision is made to break through the
negative energy, complete yang, as in the 1st hexagram,
can be achieved. The hexagram recommends caution for
every step up to the top line. Dealing with negative energy
can be compared with tending a flower garden. If weeds are
brusquely removed, the flowers may also be damaged.
1. This line warns that one may be ill-equipped to deal
with the task. In such a situation, great caution is needed.
2. You need to be attentive now, all the details in this
situation need your careful attention and scrutiny. If you
have oversight, there will be no harm and there is gain
3. An aggressive advance to solve the problem, espe-
cially when you go ahead single-handedly, may result in a
confrontation that brings no real advantage. Do not try to
rush things and preserve your advantage!
4. The teaching of this line is to listen to advice and be
flexible but decisive to dissolve the obstruction. This is an
inner attitude of firmness combined with an unobtrusive
attitude outwardly. If you are upright and have courage,
you can go ahead in cooperation with others.
5. This line puts the stress on balance, inwardly and
outwardly. It is right to go ahead now, firmly and deci-
sively, but avoiding sharpness and cunningness in your
behavior. Then you will be successful and petty people
will lose their advantage over you.
6. This line warns of an excess either in outer action or
in your attitude. Seek to be balanced, or you may lose the
advantage that you may have made earlier, as indicated by
the five yang lines below this line! Always behold that
negativity in your inner attitude will attract negative reac-
tions on the outward level, in real life, hence the impor-
tance to keep your inner smart and make sure you are
striving first of all for inner coherence.
THE LEADERSHIP I CHING
Contact / Encounter /
Beware of temptation!
The traditional image of this hexagram is that five men are
competing for one woman, but she can only marry one of
them; hence there is a contention within the situation but it
is hidden. If the five yang lines do not cooperate, the nega-
tive yin line which approaches from below may inhibit any
positive progress. However, this is inherent in the cyclic
changes between yang and yin, and thus a natural situa-
tion. If you are aware of your limitations and shortcomings,
you may still achieve success if you tread cautiously and
1. You are facing a situation of temptation. It looks like
a good opportunity to be seized but there is danger if you
go forward. Ignoring the problem will not help you deal
with it, thus you should gain emotional awareness of it.
But do not yield to the temptation either! If the temptation
doesn’t present itself outwardly, it can be within you; you
may be pondering a certain action which you should check
back with your conscience, and if it’s not in accordance
with your highest principles, the best is to change your in-
tention to a better and more worthy goal.
2. You may seize the opportunity now, but the profits
may be snatched away by a competitor; you need to act
decisively and cautiously to prevent that from happening.
Beware of letting others know about your plans; for the
moment it’s better to act from behind the screen.
3. This is a situation of indecisiveness which causes
restless behavior. Seeing things clearly at this point can
prevent further problems. If you ponder a bold yet possi-
bly incorrect action versus a cautious yet possibly correct
action, you have a choice. Choose what is in alignment
with your conscience and your highest principles!
4. You need to avoid going forward in this situation;
you are in danger. Possibly your motives for action are in-
correct or you are not collaborating sufficiently with oth-
ers. Traditionally this line was depicting a man who courts
a woman who is no more available and invites trouble be-
cause he uses force or cunning to win her over.
5. In this situation, you have passed the danger of the
4th line and are in a situation where you can build on the
wisdom and inner strength you gained. You are in accor-
dance with the cosmos and can dissolve any difficulty
smoothly with the help of others.
6. This line depicts a situation where one is isolated
from others because one is uncooperative. The choice here
is yours. If you want to retreat from the project, you can do
so without being harmed, else if you want to stay and go
ahead, you can only do so by winning others over for your
萃 45 CUI — — ——— ——— — — — — — — .
You need to bring your goals in alignment with that of others. 3. 4. You can gather help from others if you are sincere. and recommendations. 290 . The way is shown to you. 1. This implies that one is able to harmonize different energies and focus them for accom- plishing a common goal.’ That means to gather others around oneself for a good and virtuous purpose. and managing your affairs re- sponsibly. or a group of people. But the re- quirement is that you clearly communicate the purpose of the gathering and that you bring order to the group so that energies are focused on a shared goal. encounters. 2. This line indicates that you won’t succeed single- handedly in this cause. Going forward is indicated by this line. This line indicates success as you are successfully cooperating with others. There may be some losses and gains that cancel each other out. But the meaning of this hexagram is twofold: it also applies to inner growth and renewal through the gathering of subtle energy. Be open to influences. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Congregation / Gather- ing / Harmonizing A time to form strong bonds! The traditional picture of this hexagram is ‘to gather the essence.
This is a meta- phor that your endeavor to gather people for a common cause is by and large successful. CUI (45) 5. This line indicates a disharmonious position. For some reason. and thus blessings for eve- ryone will follow. The traditional interpretation sees the obstacle here in pride and lack of an integrative attitude. 6. or re- treat. Inquire and check if your motives are worthy enough for this cause. There will be no harm. 291 . It is through effective leadership that you can realize your goals and bring a positive outcome to the cause. you are not able to gather people around you. This line traditionally speaks of a group of men gathered around a man in a high position.
升 46 SHENG — — — — — — ——— ——— — — .
power or wealth must accumulate in small increments so as to be beneficial. A step-by-step approach is indicated here for pro- gress. making an offering on a moun- 294 . you can realize your goal. You are being trusted by others. except the top line which contains a warning. and in align- ment with your higher purpose. empowered by the king. This line indicates that you can advance toward prosperity. 1. This line traditionally uses the image of a prince. Even if your resources are meager. 3. but is not strictly negative as in many other hexagrams. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Rising / Progress / Going forward A great opportunity for progress! This is one of those hexagrams that are overall positive. and do not doubt your advancement. Do not hesitate. All lines are predicting good progress. Steady growth is based on the accumula- tion of many small achievements. their ambition may become excessive and conflict with others will be the result. Your sincerity and enthusiasm will open you the doors for reaching out to those who help and support you. Easy and smooth success is indicated by this line. This hexagram teaches that life is a slow but constant process and progress. When people are too anxious to get ahead. Go ahead! 2. 4. By the same token.
great success is a constant accumulation of small daily successes. one may end up losing what has been gathered. when rising becomes excessive because one lacks inner reflec- tion. You can now realize your ambitions! 5. Thus both complacency and rushing ahead blindly need to be avoided in order to safeguard your success! 295 . Success is the enemy of complacency. progress and achieve- ment come now at the right time for you. Do not squander your blessings. On the other hand. Be constant in your attention to detail and you will surely be rewarded! 6. an enjoyable position. we are all tempted to slacken in our ef- forts and become complacent. Promotion. SHENG (46) tain. In a position of high achievement. This is the metaphor of being trusted by a high person and generally. Greatness is obtained by the accumulation of small achievements.
困 47 KUN — — ——— ——— — — ——— — — .
Do not get caught in fear. This time will pass! 2. this hexagram can be seen as an unfavorable time for outward development. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Adversity / Exhaustion / Entrapment Meet adversity with resolution! This hexagram was traditionally showing the image of a person who is surrounded by water and can go nowhere safely. you can inwardly fight adversity by being faithful to a good outcome. while it can be used very favorably for inward enhancement. In a modern sense. you are doomed to fail. If you lose your motivation because of obstacles in your way. and trusting your inner guidance. and 298 . The traditional image of this line was a person who cannot see the light for three years. or demo- tivation. the incapacity to plan ahead because one feels trapped and exhausted. This is a metaphor for mental and emotional ‘blind- ness. one should be charitable and not self-righteous.’ that is. Rather than lamenting circumstances. for the law of cyclic change makes ever such situation a temporary one! 1. thus he is entrapped by feast- ing and honor. one should accept the blockage and store energy for later effort. The I Ching teaches that when progress is easy. This line speaks of a person who was being awarded the red apron of high office.
You cannot reap figs when you sow thistles. one should think of those below and practice latitude of mind. 299 . This means that you are heading in the right direction. and remain correctly centered. If you are cynical and selfish. The traditional image of this line is of a high officer who is burdened by his duties. relax your mind. which means that you need to focus your energy instead of spilling it in restless maneuvering. Stay your course and be careful to not lose your mo- tivation once again. This line bears the image of a wagon that comes late and slows progress. When you correct and refresh your attitude and let go of your self-aggrandizement. you will naturally find the way to mastering the situation successfully. and set a clear goal. but who slowly finds a way out. This line teaches that the good outcome depends primarily on your inner attitude. but you need to practice pa- tience. This line traditionally speaks of a man who is en- trapped by rocks and thorns and cannot meet his compan- ion or wife. and trust your inner guidance. you may feel that you are trapped in your own pride. This metaphor hints at your need to build in- ner clarity. Do whatever you can to find help and you will get it. practice patience. 4. 3. This means that you should now be prepared for a blessing ahead of you. 5. KUN (47) despite a high position. The blessing will come! 6. and a dignified attitude.
井 48 JING — — ——— — — ——— ——— — — .
This metaphor means that you are too self-centered and isolated from others. giving up something that is outdated. Trust your inner guidance and focus your intention on becoming use- ful to those around you. business person. be it as a teacher. This hexagram uses a well as a metaphor for the mind. else the meaning of this line is that you need to up- date and broaden your vision. and the world in general. Whatever your posi- tion or profession. doctor or professional. or adapt positively to a new situation. the way you can reach out to others for bringing over your message. The first line uses the image of a well that seems for- saken as nobody comes to drink from it. Its ideal state is one of clarity and quietude amidst the activities of daily life. or as an artist. you are living in the world and you need to reach out to others in order to be useful. The well also represents the ‘waters’ you are giving to others. and the clarity or lacking clar- ity of the water. how to conduct one’s education. The mind is like a well. 1. or a government official. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING The Well / Water Hole / Reaching the Water You must understand basic truths. The message of this hexagram is to follow the example of the well by being peaceful and resourceful. 302 .
Trust in your potential and you will find a way to deploy your smart! 3. but a person reach- ing not far enough down to catch water because the rope of the bucket is too short. It is thus a similar image as the first line. Besides. This means that it is too early for an undertaking or you do not make full use of your talents in carrying it out. and do not be shy! You need to share your knowledge. You now should build the foundation for your later successes. and avoid being involved in those of others. You have clear ‘waters’ now to give but you need to be known to others. you also need to be attentive to the material world and have the de- sire to be heard and seen. your talents have been recognized and you 303 . This metaphor means that you should now take care of your own affairs. art or wisdom. which means you need first of all build a solid inner foundation. It is not enough to be talented. clean water that is available for all. Here. only that now the well is clean. 4. based upon virtue and a correct attitude. This line speaks of a functional and clean well but nobody comes to drink the water. or it’s not useful to the world. you need to have faith that the time will come for your deployment and suc- cess! 5. This line traditionally speaks of a well that is pro- tected by a railing around it. This line speaks of pure. This means that you need to practice persistence in reaching out to oth- ers. This line speaks of an open well. JING (48) 2. Make yourself known to others in what- ever way this is possible.
This is the beginning of your social success. who benefit from your spirit of open-mindedness and universal love. Here great success is indicated because of wise deci- sions that also benefit others. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING are visible to others. your clear ‘waters’ now reach oth- ers. This is a situation of great good fortune! 304 . 6. You need to trust your inner guidance still further in order to continue to grow and expand your influence. Likewise. The advice of this line was traditionally to not cover the well so that the waters can be drunk by all.
革 49 GE — — ——— ——— ——— — — ——— .
You will now re- ceive help and support from others if you are correctly fo- cused and accept great change in your life. The time is ripe now for action. The right time will come. The timing is not right for a big change. If you see the need for change. Your action needs careful preparation in order to be successful. 3. Never rush into action when you are insufficiently pre- pared. Keep still. 2. you need to go ahead fearlessly and focus on the positive outcome once the change has been properly effected. thus you can go ahead to trigger change and reformation. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Revolution / Reformation / Groundbreaking Change Accept a great change in your life. This hexagram encourages you to let go of the old in order to proceed with what is new and right. Many habits and patterns of thought stand in the way of change. or you may 306 . 1. this is one of the reasons why most people are afraid of change. You should adjust to external conditions and act at an appropriate time so as to reform the situation and bring about novelty in your life. The traditional image of this hexagram is that of a revolu- tion and the advice is that a successful revolution is a mat- ter of proper timing and correct implementation. Do not rush ahead at this point.
On a personal level. After the change. and focus upon the matter that needs to be changed. The traditional interpretation of this line speaks of a deep change versus a shallow and superficial change. GE (49) rush into danger. For the Chinese. and the color yellow indicates intelligence and great good for- tune! This means that you are here in a position of great power and others follow you. where others can rely on you. Great success is indicated! 6. and you should do that in a balanced manner. Now the change has been done and you are in a po- sition of leadership. remain humble and work for the public good. This will help you to find the right way to pro- ceed! 4. you shall have great suc- cess! 5. Trust your inner guidance. Use visualiza- tion to see it the way you want it once the change has been carried out. When others show you allegiance. When your motivation is correct. without triggering hurtful reactions around you. the tiger was a sacred symbol. this line represents both heart and mind which guide the correct reformation that comes from within and without. harmony is possible. This means that the change can be seen when it is deep and lasting. You may now safely change established habits and traditions. Try to stabilize this new situation in your life so that it will be lasting! 307 . This line traditionally speaks of the yellow stripes of a tiger.
鼎 50 DING ——— — — ——— ——— ——— — — .
The image of this hexagram is that of a cauldron. This can also mean that a third person is needed to balance the energies in a family. 310 . it serves a proper goal. It also symbol- izes good luck for one’s family. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Cauldron / Harmoniza- tion / Stability Lay the groundwork for something new. While such a situation may be unfortunate. a recepta- cle for cooking royal feasts or for making offerings. partnership or enterprise. Each line of the six lines repre- sents a different section of the cauldron. Thus. 1. This line traditionally speaks of one leg of the caul- dron being damaged so that the cauldron tilts to one side and thus can be easily cleansed and purified. This hexagram teaches the art of proper timing. Cleaning the cauldron may also mean to purify yourself of bad hab- its before starting a new enterprise. this hexagram encourages the wise to understand their duty and their responsibilities and to stabilize their efforts in order to help and guide the wellbe- ing of all people. Following the progressive levels symbol- ized in the cauldron can help one fulfill one’s duty in life and develop accordingly. which is symbolized by the proper cooking of a feast. It is a lucky symbol associated with good fortune.
but you should listen to your inner voice and remain calm and cen- tered. and correct information. This is a situation where your talents are not rec- ognized by the outside world. the fat pheasant’s meat remains uneaten. The cauldron is now filled with food but there is envy all around you. It speaks of a great minister who fails to fulfill his duty because the pub- lic has no faith in him. Here. This is a metaphor for a leader who has the proper attitude for going forward and broaden his experi- ences. Here the image is of strong golden handles of the cauldron with yellow ears. DING (50) 2. It is better for you to put a halt to your project or endeavor and to as- sess the situation once again. The time will come for you to unfold your talents so that ‘the feast can be eaten when the rain comes. so the food falls out and is spoilt. Remain steadfast but retreat for the time being. the handles of the cauldron have been changed but cannot be used. Yellow is for the Chinese the ‘middle’ color in the spectrum.’ 4. Here the image is that of the leg of the cauldron be- ing broken. Thus. This is a metaphor for a person who lacks a sense of realism. There may be criticism. and it represents wisdom. The lid and ears of the cauldron allow the adjustment of the heat and steam so that the food is properly cooked. The solution is here to trust your inner smart and your spiritual guidance. smart and proper balance. You will have great success! 311 . 5. Keep on improving things! 3.
THE LEADERSHIP I CHING 6. This is a metaphor for being guided by your higher self. thereby serving the world as a wise and humble leader. The food sym- bolizes the substance that nourishes a whole nation. This is really a great achievement! 312 . The image of the strong jade handle on top of the lid suggests that the cauldron will not be overheated and eve- rything is in order and properly prepared.
震 51 ZHEN — — — — ——— — — — — ——— .
A blessing in disguise. 1. you will meet danger. but one who is centered will act appro- priately. Calmness is always necessary in fulfill- ing great responsibility. There may be some or the other circumstance that causes you shock. 2. so as to dissolve any kind of inner entanglement and limitation. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Force of Thunder / Shock / The Arousing Awakening jolt. The image of his hexagram is that of a rolling thunder that jolts up and lets one correct one’s attitude. You are ultimately benefited by the situation. To consider shock as a form of punish- ment would be misunderstanding the wisdom that this hexagram teaches. one can be easily jolted by every shock that comes along. Do not feel defeated by it. It serves your awakening and progress once you understand it. In addition. Shock is some- times necessary to remove one from a position of compla- cency and inertia. It is especially important in deal- ing with shock and confusion. you will have learnt a valuable lesson for coping with unexpected situations in the future. The image is that of a person who loses her fortune by hurrying to 314 . If one’s energy is scat- tered or disordered. If you go forward. regardless of what confronts him or her.
in seven days he recovers his losses. and here it’s the only safe action. ZHEN (51) safety during a thunderstorm. However. you can transit this period of time safely. In such a situation. a wise person would stop and reflect. There will be no damage if you don’t make mistakes. 315 . thus keep safe. you won’t make serious mistakes. Retreat is not weakness of character. You may experience such a shock that you feel terri- fied. Stand still for now. 6. Shock will hit your neighbor. but you should stay calm. In the end there is no trou- ble. 4. there is no real problem. Trust your inner guidance and the way out will be shown to you. Avoid action now. You are now aware of the danger which means you will also know that going ahead will trigger more shocking experiences for you. Do not lose your spontaneity and master your fear. This is a metaphor for wast- ing energy. No further movement should be made. not you. it’s the wrong moment to go forward. The image here is of a lightning that hits the mud. Though there is a treat. Do not proceed! 3. giving no power and no light. as any progress will meet danger. You can now make slight progress without mistakes. If you keep your smart and remain calm. When you keep your smart. but you should change your attitude. Put your life in order. 5.
艮 52 GEN ——— — — — — ——— — — — — .
you will know when going ahead will be profitable. there will be no difficulty. it means that you should use this time for inner progress. 2. When you have the feeling that you cannot master a certain situation that presents itself to you. Here. developing firmness of charac- ter. In the contrary. This does not mean defeat. then trust your inner guidance. one can clear the mind of self- serving thoughts and desires. nor does it mean you should be demotivated. standing still and going backward (retreat). Your in- ner guidance will show you when this period comes to an end and you can go ahead once again. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Keeping Still / Impediment / Non-action A time to stop action and quieten your heart. The I Ching teaches three forms of action: going forward. Keeping still does not mean to be inactive. When you gain an objective in- sight in the situation. raise your inner coherence through a meditative or self-reflective practice and ponder your mo- 318 . to practice nonaction. This weak line must keep still and remain firm: thus. and strong focus on accomplishing your goal. all the six lines of the hexagram recommend you to stand still for the time being. With calm and inward focus. 1. but rather that one acts correctly and with- out strain in any situation.
Listen to your inner guidance and your communications shall be effective and positive. GEN (52) tives. This is a good time for self- development. Be natu- ral. your inner coherence. Your intentions should be positive and harmonious and you should mind the best outcome for all. Do not press ahead at a time when progress cannot be seen. a time for listening and a time for being silent. There is a time for speaking. for this would only result in restlessness and a waste of energy or resources. and you will improve your health. 4. for it will help you to succeed at a later time. and your inner mind at peace. There is a time for action and a time for rest. 5. Good fortune is waiting for you in a situation in which your inner smart. Enjoy the time of self-reflection. and practice meditation. Relax your mind and body. and visualize success! This is the best you can do during this time. There will be power in the way you communicate. 6. 3. There will 319 . see it positively in your mind. your inner peace projects itself outwardly into the world. Do not press ahead. you will speak in a manner that is both spontaneous and effective. You will realize that when you are properly focused. When you are in alignment with inner guidance. It will negatively affect your heart function. you act cor- rectly by not acting at all. Whenever you think of your project or relationship. Now it’s a time to master any anxiety you may have.
320 . THE LEADERSHIP I CHING be a positive response if you are properly aligned with your purpose and avoid to overstress your luck.
渐 53 JIAN ——— ——— — — ——— — — — — .
The image is that of geese migrating to distant lands. By slowly showing one’s tal- ents and earning the trust of others. by focusing upon your goal and building more coherence. All success is the result of inner coherence. Gradual progress leads one to higher levels of achievement. This hexagram symbolizes the union of male and female energies. you should not act defen- sively and instead progress inwardly. Geese sym- bolize proper inner guidance. being properly guided by their instinct. When you are criticized. 1. or of any positive relationship. 2. Sharing is the secret of all real wealth. Remain steadfast. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Gradual Progress / Step- by-Step Plan / Positive Development Slow but steady progress. This type of inter- nal harmony encourages the gradual development of a good relationship. Progress one step at a time and you will not run into danger. for money is like water: it needs to flow! If you are aware that money 322 . You may have a fortune but if you clasp your hands around it. social relations may be positively developing. So prepare ahead and do not ask for a premature promotion at a time when you are not ready for delivering your smart. it will not benefit anybody for you will finally lose it.
This is the safe way of doing things be- cause you are aligned with your intuition. or if you are sur- rounded by people who do not reflect to you your good intentions. avoid to pile up resentment and stay focused on your goals. You are about to make good connections for later suc- cesses. if you overlook them. do not become demotivated! You are advancing but this is a time of gradualness that you need to adapt to. Every cycle of evolu- 323 . That means you need to be flexi- ble and attentive. Then you are building the foun- dation of real wealth. and you will be blessed because you bless others. and within its own cycle of growth. you will give and receive with equal peace of mind. 3. 4. Every action needs to be checked back in order to see if it was appropri- ate for the time being. you win. Hence. This line traditionally speaks of a husband marching to war and a pregnant wife not giving birth. for all success is the result of inner coherence. You do not depend on outward circumstances for achieving suc- cess. If you have bad experiences with others. If you do this. For the time being. you lose. you should be happy that you are progressing. It is a situa- tion of danger. If you recognize them. one step at a time. you will realize that you will gradually but securely advance. Make sure that all risk you are taking is cal- culated. All is a matter of sens- ing your internal cycles. take care of your inner harmony. 5. JIAN (53) needs to circulate in your life. and all will be well. If you cannot see advancement. There are cycles in life.
6. this is something not only for your own benefit. and this is a blessing in itself! 324 . but also for the benefit of those who take you as an example. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING tion is different. for the timing is different. You will realize that once you have mastered your problems and know how to gradually advance in life. This means that your success is shared with all those who follow you. you will have the right attitude to master this situation. and once you understand that.
归妹 54 GUI MEI — — — — ——— — — ——— ——— .
this hexagram is in modern times no more restricted to marriage but gives advice for people behaving in social life. When you do your work dutifully and joyfully. If you ask. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING The Maiden / Marriage / Subordination Know your proper place in life. you build inner coherence. Jian.’ suggesting that something is out of place. you will advance and obstacles will vanish from your way. harmony is the essence not only of a good marriage. However. The present hexagram as well as the preceding one. which is the condition for success. 1. Your social situation is modest but others trust you. Indeed. but of any kind of relationship. here the literal translation is ‘a woman returns to where she belongs. if you are persistent you will be making progress. attributing to each person their proper place. Be patient and persevere! 3. it shall be given to you. You receive in life only what you are asking for. When your thoughts are harmonious. 2. were traditionally considered as marriage advice. Do not 326 . But you must ask. You may have the impression to be in a treadmill and that things are not advancing. While in Jian marriage is successfully achieved in gradual stages.
This line is a positive reading for a person who is able to find his or her proper place and by being unassum- ing. but work on your pro- jects from inside out. and you risk that people stop trusting you! 327 . On the outward level. then you will reach your goal. Then the late marriage will be harmonious! Be patient. You can make good progress now in a position where you serve and support another person. realizing inner coherence. This line was traditionally denoting a late marriage. It is recommended to turn inward and practice self-cultivation. whatever it happens to be. If you hold back or you play a role. acting under false pretenses. will not progress at the present time. you will be found out. However. 5. You need to share your being with the world in order to be successful and rewarded. the relationship you are asking about. being peaceful and good-willed. GUI MEI (54) be too shy to have high ambitions. responsible and flexible. it’s a positive reading in that the waiting time is passed by improving oneself and strengthening one’s character. be firm and persistent. Your efforts are going to be rewarded! 6. or a group of people. 4.
丰 55 FENG — — — — ——— ——— — — ——— .
330 . 2. According to the natural law of balance. decline is inevitable. A developed person uses their full deployment for serving others and enriching the world. it’s like a tidal movement. and nothing can flourish. but be charitable. 1. it’s like the sun being too strong: the light is blinding one. Feng teaches the value of control in a situation of abundance so as to not overstress the cycle. Blind ambition can hurt you if you lose your inner clarity and steer an unbalanced approach to realizing your goals. this brings about darkness. A new relationship brings you advantage. When abundance becomes full. he should not hold onto everything for him- self. vegetation dries up. Let others for themselves discover your true value and ca- pability. If one has more than enough. when something reaches its point of full- ness. Everything in the universe fol- lows this cycle. This line implies that one seeks external prosperity rather than internal clarity. the land becomes parched. It is bene- ficial to associate with those whose aims are similar to yours. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Peak / Abundance / Over- Capacity Things are at a peak or climax.
having learnt the lesson in- dicated by the 3rd line. If you want to be useful. You will realize that when you hold on to your riches with an uncaring attitude toward others. your wealth will not grow. FENG (55) 3. While your position could be bet- ter. you may lose sight of reality and incur losses. but make sure the fi- nal decisions are yours. Avoid to do things single-handedly and stay in contact with those who can help you. 331 . Surround yourself with a group of wise people who advise you in all important matters. Never yield to blind ambition! Be mindful of the changes of fortune and take care of your household and/ or your enterprise. the universe will guide you and you will attract an associate with whom you can work to- gether to realize your goal. also in your daily consumption so as to keep flexible and avoid stagnation! 4. When your wishes and dreams are situated too much outside of what is currently achievable. but decline. 5. Be balanced in all you do. there is success ahead! 6.
玈 56 LU ——— — — ——— ——— — — — — .
When traveling. This is why inner coherence is so important in life! 3. this will attract others toward you who are of help and support. Also. Since life is energy in movement. In a more general sense. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING The Wanderer / Traveling / On the Road Be humble on the road! This hexagram traditionally was accompanied by the pic- ture of a wanderer who can only achieve minor undertak- ings while on a journey. travel is a natural part of living. one should be tolerant of the different customs one encounters. Do not lose your dignity while on travel. Here. 2. par- ticularly while on a journey. do not be overly critical toward others and do not fight over habitual expenses. the traditional image is of an arrogant traveler who loses a valuable helper. You can find helpers when you are unassuming and tactful. If your thoughts are harmonious and respectful. We always reflect our inner life toward the outside. the teach- ing here conveys that a balanced personality can be attained by integrating one’s spiritual purposes with a practical life style. Arrogance can destroy one’s attainments and achievements in all circumstances. avoid to show off in any way and do not get involved in trivial matters. 334 . One should neither fear to move nor lose the stillness within. 1.
4. You may not feel good in your new environment. Be
it that you traveled to the wrong destination, feel isolated,
or that you haven’t had enough inner clarity to really
know why you wanted to change your place. Now, it is
best to avoid restlessness and remorse and build inner co-
herence by trusting in your inner guidance. Then, the right
way will be shown to you!
5. When you have a caring attitude toward others, and
you have a harmonious mindset, you will realize that you
are welcome even in places where others may be consid-
ered as strangers. On the intrinsically human plane, there
are no strangers. You can now advance successfully to-
ward a new position, at a new place, and unfold your tal-
6. When you meet others with a hostile mind, or you
are careless and inconsiderate of other people’s or coun-
tries’ customs and particularities, you may encounter loss
and you may not be able to establish a new place for your-
self. In such a case, retreat is the best move, while working
on improving your mindset toward friendliness and
goodwill for all people.
THE LEADERSHIP I CHING
Gentle Wind / Conformity
Be yielding in small matters!
Nature teaches that all creation has an element of spontane-
ity to it. One cannot see a flower growing, and yet it grows.
One cannot see the wind except by its effect upon objects.
This is the way the subtle energy creates in the universe. It
is the same with spirit. One who seeks guidance from this
hexagram is counseled to wait for the right time to pursue
what he wishes to achieve. Great achievements cannot be
expected in the beginning.
1. You should develop a firm intention and fight hesita-
tion and doubt. In such a situation, the I Ching uses the
image of a soldier who needs to be disciplined and go for-
ward decisively and with perseverance.
2. You cannot go ahead when you are confused and
lack clarity. Reflect about what’s going on and analyze the
situation as well as your motives. When everything is cor-
rect, go ahead and do not hesitate!
3. There is a time for reflection, and a time for action.
This line indicates that you are now beyond reflection and
need to act. If you procrastinate, you may lose the oppor-
4. The traditional interpretation of this line is: ‘One ob-
tains three kinds of game in the hunt and earns merit.’ You
can act now with a modest but decisive attitude, and you
will be rewarded. If you act in following instructions, carry
them out dutifully and all will be well!
5. Attention to detail is one of the key factors in suc-
cess. When you are scrupulous and fair in your deals, you
can advance smoothly now, and you will be overall suc-
6. The universe will give you a negative response if
you are bewildered and fearful, and too hesitant to claim
your good. You need to express your expectations in this
position and a too much of gentleness may be counterpro-
ductive to achieving your goal.
THE LEADERSHIP I CHING
Joyousness / Enjoyment /
A time of joyous interaction!
Joy is a combination of inner and outer harmony, of recep-
tiveness and gentleness. True happiness is the result not of
emotional charge, but of virtue and constancy. Joy is thus
different from pleasure. The source of all happiness is peace
of mind, not emotionality. This is why the ancients were
saying that true joy comes from inside.
1. You are firm and constant, unattached and inde-
pendent. Your joy is the result of inner harmony and based
upon inner coherence. This brings you success.
2. When you act from inner joy and with a good-willed
attitude, you will attract helpers and resist temptation. In
fact, pleasing others is not a recipe for success, but inner
firmness combined with outer gentleness.
3. The more you are moved by flattery or engage in
flattering others, the more you estrange yourself from your
own true nature. Then your actions become shallow and
you may lack influence upon others.
4. You may go through a period of indecisiveness,
which is the result of an inner choice to be made between
lower and higher forms of pleasure. Rely on your inner
strength to make the correct choice, then you will experi-
ence joy because joy is the result of the higher, and more
one that is incorrect and down the road dangerous. and you lose your independence of judgment. This line symbolizes another kind of choice. without build- ing a joyful inner attitude. Be alert to make the right choice! 6. and what your soul really longs for! 343 . 5. DUI (58) spiritual forms of pleasure that are within the culture and that serve to uplift humanity. Here it’s the choice of a relationship. This can result in undesired experiences and negative consequences. you are completely dependent on how others act. equally important. The solution here is to go inward and reflect about what you really want. versus one that is noble and advantageous. If you seek pleasure only outwardly.
涣 59 HUAN ——— ——— — — — — ——— — — .
1. If you are aware of your inner movements and you can feel that you are in an inharmonious mood swing. Sometimes a situation is so complex that you need to put all personal motives behind and care for helping the new condition to emerge. Down the road. 2. you will attract the right helpers. while you may not have a direct material benefit for yourself. this is a good thing to happen for you can then correct the con- dition and seek to build inner coherence once again. If others have hurt you. you ultimately work against your own good. Be calm and trust your inner guidance. When you face an obstacle and practice inner coher- ence. Through for- giveness inner balance can be restored and the tension thus dissolved. and thereby achieve success. unselfish ac- 346 . 3. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Scattered / Dispersion / Dissolution Your ego causes problems with others! When you hold grudges against others. practice forgive- ness until you feel there is no more inner sting to be felt when you think of the person or situation. then the solution will emerge. This hexagram teaches that such inharmonious conditions in our inner mind need to be dissolved for establishing inner coherence.
You may retreat. because they help people overcome their frag- mented views and greedy little desires! 6. All great advances in human evolution have been made by new ideas. You can now put your own goals on a line with those of others and thereby achieve a great outcome for all of you! 5. and seek each to cook their own little soup. Great success is the result of open-mindedness and a caring attitude toward the common good. especially when you do them joyously and without resentment. 4. There is danger in this situation. and you can do it safely by affirming your inner guidance. you can become a leader in the group by giving them a great idea. 347 . seeking inner coherence over outer fame. When you see that those around you have limited views. HUAN (59) tions always improve your karma.
节 60 JIE — — ——— — — — — ——— ——— .
you may lose the opportunity. A this time do not be active and keep yourself safe. Trust in your inner guidance and you will see the way out. 2. for if you have a firm inner attitude. if the energy is depleted. Now opportunities are coming to you and you need to be watchful and alert to seize the day (carpe diem). it is better to restrain yourself and retreat. Do not try to overcome obstacles at this point. If you 350 . 3. the dam will break. Water sym- bolizes emotions and may stand for emotional reactions that have put you in a difficult position with others. The traditional interpretation of this line speaks of a ‘flooding’ of some sort. you will have a beneficial influence upon others to keep their boundaries and respect yours. for if you hesitate and focus on your limitations. This is a time for you to exercise self-discipline and restraint. there will not be enough in reserve for times of need. 1. and overflow of water. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Self-Restraint / Limits / Limitation Self-restraint helps you to progress! You can manage your energy in much the same way that water is regulated by a dam. The corrective influence is not only for oneself but also for others. If the energy becomes too full.
When you apply this princi- ple in your relationships. Too much restraint has negative consequences be- cause it creates bitterness and a harsh inflexible attitude. others will follow you because they appreciate your correct attitude and will respect you. have a disciplined attitude and keep focused on your duties. When you cooperate with others. This is especially so for a leader who puts the restrictions upon those he leads while he himself does not apply them in his own life. Self-restraint also means to do your daily duties within the boundaries and limitations of your life. You will have success! 5. This must be avoided because overly severe discipline brings no real benefit in the long run. Such a person will not be followed in the long run! 351 . JIE (60) do not fault-find others but see the problem in yourself. you may correct it easily and avoid further mistakes. Success is the result! 6. 4. A true leader will always try to find the fault in him- self before he blames others.
中孚 61 ZHONG FU ——— ——— — — — — ——— ——— .
The first impetus for action is inside of us. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Inner Truth / Insight / Faithfulness Develop leadership qualities! This hexagram pictures a bird’s egg as a symbol for the ap- propriate balance between firmness and flexibility. on one hand. and stillness and action. Align yourself with your principles and trust your inner guidance. Your inner poise should never be dependent on oth- ers. You are properly aligned with your highest princi- ples and you are focused upon your goals. on the other. 354 . It is the correctness of alignment with our highest principles. You will now attract a positive response from the outside world and can communicate and cooperate with others to achieve your goal. then you are led toward your goal. and there is a certain danger that you lose your way. There is no other hexagram in the I Ching that matches the present one as a guideline for responsible leadership. Success is indicated! 3. 1. If by contrast you start on the outward level and push relation- ships forward to achieve your goals. This is the ba- sis from which we create faithfulness to influence others. 2. and the right kind of help for achieving it. you may bond with the wrong people. you are deluded. Joy and self-assurance are inner qualities. If you de- pend on others for your enjoyments.
you are helped in mo- ments when you need support. Any sincere at- tempt to do this will make your advance smoother and eliminate obstacles in your way. 5. This is a major position of leadership where inner poise and responsibility go hand in hand. You should now give priority to higher goals than those that only serve your own purposes. Do not aim too high! When your ambitions are not supported by firmness of character and correct principles. you may head into the wrong direction and incur losses or even worse: the loss of your reputation as a leader. turn inward and ask for inner guidance! 355 . In such a situation. ZHONG FU (61) 4. Others will want to be guided by you. thus assume the role of the leader and exercise it dutifully. When you help the uni- verse to achieve its higher purpose. Success is indicated! 6.
小过 62 XIAO GUO — — — — ——— ——— — — — — .
Leadership requires strong energy. When you are cautious in your conduct. however only when you remain conser- vative in the true sense. The two yang lines here are not in a position for leadership and are unable to control the situation. One who is humble receives help. 1. 2. provided you pay attention to detail. This requires you to lower your pride and make a 358 . this hexagram sug- gests remaining low and still. This line is a warning! Do not be too self-assured. One who is too ambitious or too proud places himself in a difficult situation. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Predominance of the Small / Restraint / Minor Excess Pay attention to detail and act with restraint! This hexagram indicates that this is a time to make small progress. Thus. The time is not ripe for a great project. In this position there is a certain chance for coopera- tion with others. Do not take unreasonable risks and be aware of your limitations. 3. you can avoid a setback. but help others if you can. That’s why the image depicted by this hexagram is that of a bird flying into a storm. Be humble and follow traditional ways of doing as anything beyond that would be dangerous at this time.
You need to avoid acting single-handedly in this situa- tion. try to establish limits that can be respected and achieved. XIAO GUO (62) deaf ear to those who flatter you. Set your goal on a line with others’ ideas and advance jointly with others so that you do not deviate from what is right. 6. Never force a decision. The right way to advance is based on inner coherence. not upon outward force and might. You may be too aggressive to realize your goal. then you will be led in the right direction. The top line exceeds the situation instead of just meeting it. Excessiveness and an attempt to maintain a high and lofty position will only invite danger. 5. They have their own agenda. be open for inner guidance. and do not force yourself on others. instead. thus be on guard! 4. 359 . Teach by example and remain steadfast.
既济 63 JI JI — — ——— — — ——— — — ——— .
2. Peace and stability are indicated. you need to persevere and avoid complacency. thus go ahead but be mindful about all the details of your action to prevent any possible decay or decline down the road. 362 . It might well be that your last-gasp effort for finalizing your project can consolidate your achievement. Hence. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING After Crossing the Water / Already Done / After Completion A phase of your life has reached a climax! All in this hexagram is about the art to keep the fruits of one’s achievement and thus to maintain order. 1. When you care about others. Decline can be prevented through mindful action and the preservation of your achievement through foresight and wisdom. or serve a greater. transpersonal goal. There may be a minor delay. and to be mindful about a possible decay or decline—which is indi- cated by the developmental cycle. the natural cycle of decline can be avoided. Thus. others will sense your com- mitment and return benefits to you. Success is possible. but you are heading in the right direction. This is not a time to engage in new undertakings.
brings more than marathons followed by periods of exhaustion. This also means acting by using consideration. 363 . Success in life is often on the way but then impeded from manifesting because there are constant doubts. Focus on preserving what has been achieved and avoid taking exorbitant risks. 6. Keep the balance between inner peace and outward right action. Overcome your fears and doubts by remaining cen- tered and faithful. Ponder if the out- come is justified by the investment of time and effort! 4. Avoid slackening of your efforts. but the ef- fort you need might be considerable. Avoid demonstrations of power and work from inside out. not domination. when done regularly. Stay true to your responsibilities. Going step by step toward your goal is the right tempo now. A step at a time. JI JI (63) 3. There is danger in the present situation. Be mindful and you will be able to prevent a decline. 5. Success and victory are indicated.
未济 64 WEI JI ——— — — ——— — — ——— — — .
You may see that you need to put order in the situation. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Before Crossing the Water / Not Yet Done / Before Completion The goal is within reach but do not celebrate prematurely! This hexagram is the opposite of the previous one but here the opposites do not integrate. The way will be shown to you. 2. the time for action will come. The person who receives this line is unaware of his limitations and puts himself at risk. Together they indicate the completion of a task. The lower trigram (water) indicates danger because of in- experience. while the upper trigram (fire) expresses clarity and strength. 1. When you remain centered and focused upon your goal. At this time matters should be handled carefully and prudently. refrain from action and trust your inner guidance. Thus be cautious. This line indicates that the person who receives it has more self-control and thereby is less endangered in the situation than the person of the first line. but you are not yet aware of all the hidden factors. which means there is an opportunity. The traditional image of this hexagram is a young fox crossing a frozen stream. Don’t get discouraged by the standstill! 366 .
re- garding some contradictory voices. If you are focused and receptive to help. There is a contention. Persevere and remain flexible.’ 5. perhaps within yourself. Refrain from single-handed maneuvers now! 4. Some speak of failure. Your goal cannot be realized in the present situation. or on the outward level. for the line only refers to one’s inner reality. The interpretation of the top line of this hexagram is quite contradictory across various I Ching editions. you may find support and can act in alignment with others. The 5th line repre- sents a civilized. some warn of over-indulgence. So it would make more sense to see it as a warning against over-indulgence in a time of happy success! 367 . So let us quote here the Chinese proverb that was traditionally associated with this line: ‘When happiness is enjoyed to its extreme. WEI JI (64) 3. you shall be rewarded later as this line indicates success ‘by over- coming difficulties. sad- ness results. humble faithful and enlightened person who overcomes all obstacles and nobly reaches his or her goal.’ A modern reading of this proverb doesn’t really look like an indication of failure. Great achievement is now possible for you! 6. This is a position of leadership. with others. some speak of festivities to celebrate suc- cess.
Annex Book Reviews Hua-Ching Ni .
and re-examination. Drs. teacher and healer. he continued to study many traditions and spiritual arts from a broad range of teachers. ad- dresses the essential nature of human life and works to fur- ther the personal growth and spiritual development of this and future generations. and by his many friends and supporters throughout the world. Daoshing and Maoshing Ni. author. California. Master Ni is heir to the ancient wisdom and teaching of an unbroken suc- cession of 74 generations in the Taoist tradition that dates back to the Han Dynasty (216 B. he was educated by his family and spent his youth learning from highly achieved masters in the mountains of China. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Books Reviewed The Book of Changes and the Unchanging Truth (1999) The Complete Works of Lao Tzu (2003) Master Hua-Ching Ni. After several decades of persistent searching and with in- tensive training. As a young child. He also belongs to the 38th generation of healers in the Ni family legacy. he brought the ancient wisdom (now known as the Integral Way) alive for us today by using modern language. study. Later.C. As a teacher of natural spiritual truth. 370 . He was raised in a family tradition of healing and spirituality that is continued by his two sons. He has written over 70 books in English and around 50 in Chinese and lives in Santa Monica.).
and it was here that I found Mas- ter Ni’s Book of Changes. just after having started a consulting business in Holland. 1999 (Quotes are from the 1994 edition) The Book of Changes and the Unchanging Truth is my life guide and preferred I Ching edition since 1994. through a Chinese friend. My friend from Hong Kong invited me for an afternoon out in Rotterdam and showed me various Chinese coffee houses and shops. ANNEX ONE The Book of Changes and the Unchanging Truth (Translation and Interpretation of the I Ching) Santa Monica: Seven Star Communications. One of these shops was selling religious utensils. This book immediately talked to 371 . I have found it at a time of great happiness.
It is a volume of almost 700 pages that actually starts with its 1st Hexagram (The Creative). THE LEADERSHIP I CHING me and I bought it and could not wait to begin my studies of the I Ching. Instead. at page 217! All the pages before contain a thorough theoretical and highly esoteric background analysis of the Book of Changes. Let me quote from the Preface: Hua-Ching Ni A bright new epoch starts with a correct philosophy that can guide people to restore human nature to its original healthy condition and then encourage them to attain further development. uncorrupted people. by observing the simple principles of behavior expressed by an- cient. People who know they are sick also know how they feel when they are well. The Western reader may feel jolted at times because the conceptual thinking of Chinese sages is fundamentally op- posed to our modern society’s way of thinking and living. especially the I Ching translation by Richard Wilhelm. It is aimed at reducing the dualistic thinking of 'good fortune' and 'misfor- tune' which pervades daily life. it leads to- 372 . Master Ni’s I Ching edition excels in its profound wis- dom and spirituality. which is absolutely unique and in part not an easy read. For this reason. I felt the time was right for this contemporary transla- tion of the Book of Changes. I had studied other I Ching books before that time. we can rediscover the value of naturalness and health. and learning to use it for divination. Similarly.
Sometimes my readers may be puzzled at the logic I present. Master Ni writes: Hua-Ching Ni Most significant was the discovery that the laws of Nature are also the laws of humanity and that since Nature and humanity are one. The actual divinatory part of the book. Conceptual real- ity is the playground of the mind and can be a far cry from the reality of natural existence. namely that ‘one plus one equals one plus one’ rather than the usual ‘one plus one equals two. was never understood as being opposed to na- ture or as being out to dominate nature. because things of nature exist simply by and for themselves. ANNEX ONE ward spiritual absoluteness and independence./3 Let me give a short overview over the chapters of the book that deal with the theoretical foundation of the I Ching./iv In. sub-titled ‘The Guidance of the Sixty-Four Specific Cir- 373 . It was the broad and plain foundation for their discov- ery of spiritual truth and secret methods. Because it cannot pierce its own shell. is subject of Part Three of the book.’ This is important spiritual logic. contrary to Christian theology. harmony is the key to life. addition. which con- tains the 64 hexagrams. (…) The integral vision of the universe became the spiritual faith of ancient developed people. Chinese spirituality. the human mind cannot see the natural truth that surrounds it. This logic is validated by natural existence and needs no recognition from the general mind.
374 . Basic Guidelines for Daily Living in Accordance with Natural Truth 11. An Abstract Understanding of How Nature De- velops Itself 6. entitled The Principle of Yin and Yang.’ Here is a Table of Contents for Part I and Part II. The Five Elementary Phases of Cyclic Movement 5. Introduction 2. Introduction to the Guidance of the 64 Hexa- grams 12. Various Energy Cycles of Nature 7. The Natural Truth of the Spiritual Realm Part Two The Natural Path of Life pp. The Natural Rhythm of Life 3. Guide for Finding the Hexagrams In sub-chapter three of Part One. Master Ni mentions the following natural cycles based upon the alternation of yin and yang. Natural Energy in Human Life 9. Spiritual Implication of the Sky 8. 3-168 1. The Principle of Yin and Yang 4. 169-216 10. Part One The Natural Truth Underlying the Book of Changes and the Unchanging Truth pp. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING cumstances.
ANNEX ONE ‣ The Eight Natural Forces ‣ The Complete Cycle of the Eight Phases of Yin and Yang ‣ The Five Elementary Phases of Cyclic Movement ‣ Yin and Yang in the Daily Cycle ‣ Yin and Yang in the Lunar Cycle ‣ Lunar and Solar Energies in the Yearly Cycle ‣ Four Phases of Natural Energy ‣ Six Phases of Natural Energy ‣ Eight Phases of Natural Energy ‣ The Universal Cycle of Energy Phases ‣ The Ten Celestial Phases ‣ The Twelve Terrestrial Branches ‣ The Complete Sixty Cycle Energy Phases ‣ Sixty-Cycle Interaction of the Five Elements ‣ Sixty Interacting Phases in Cyclic Rotation ‣ The Spiral Unfolding of the Sixty Cycles ‣ The Relation of the Sixty Cycles to the Natural Energy Calendar/39-81 Regarding spiritual development. Master Ni gives an important statement under the header of ‘Mental Illness.’ a sub-chapter of chapter 8. Natural Energy in Human Life. I think that Master Ni’s observations here are very pointed 375 .
spiritual growth does not occur suddenly. Spiritual achievement depends on sanity. Hua-Ching Ni People who have a mental or spiritual illness often strive for spiritual achievement. many Christian Fundamentalists who stir turmoil. often being judgmental about life and living. the less will be the results. one is only looking for something to cover up those problems. and here primarily in the United States and Great Britain. And I fully agree. Also. those who are out to missionarize others. on having a sound mind in a sound body. but such a search is unrealistic. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING and realistic for those who try to convince others of their religion. In a case such as this. confusion. persecutory and fundamentalist. The harder one works. There are today in the West. great nature is a good cure. violence and persecution by their vio- lent vintage of (misunderstood) religion—which in Master Ni’s understanding simply is a form of mental illness. If one is unaware of one’s own problems yet tries to follow a religious ritual./117 376 . especially in the Anglo- Saxon world. to con- vert others to their own faith.
I have read sev- eral translations of the Tao Te Ching. but clearly the one by Master Ni offers more insights and has a higher spiritual level. The translation that Master Ni provides of both books is extraordinary and very comprehensive. 2003 The Complete Works of Lao Tzu is a well-published vol- ume of works by Lao Tzu that Master Ni has translated from ancient Chinese into modern English—and here is the value of the book. I recommend this book vividly to all serious search- 377 . ANNEX ONE The Complete Works of Lao Tzu Tao The Ching & Hua Hu Ching Translation & Elucidation by Hua-Ching Ni Santa Monica: Seven Star Communications.
/130-131 Tao Teh Ching. but in this case the con- nection of the mind with reality is not through any pattern of understanding but through direct partici- pation in the experience of life. Under- standing always comes one moment after the expe- rience itself and therefore cannot be direct enlight- enment which dissolves both subject and object. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING ers for truth and all lovers of true wisdom. It is not necessary to accumulate mental atti- tudes after an experience has taken place. it too can help con- nect one to worldly things. The following quotes should give a taste of the poetic and enlightening quality of the translation. The observer and the object of observation are dissolved with no hin- drance of preconception / or delayed understand- ing. While universal wisdom sometimes appears to be the opposite of worldly wisdom. This is the way of a universal being. but it is only conceptual understanding and thus hinders the direct experience of truth. profound and indistinguishable. 26 Worldly wisdom can help one understand worldly things. 378 . It’s a precious book by one of today’s greatest sages who is a true mem- ber of the ancient league of initiated souls. 15 The ancient ones who knew how to live with the subtle essence of the universe were gentle and flexible. Tao Teh Ching. because to be is to know.
They were reverent in demeanor to everyone. not assertive. thus we can only describe their appearance. They did not insist on imposing their views on oth- ers or interfering in worldly affairs. 35 When the subtle Way of the universe is taught. They did not rush into anything. people know where to go and what to learn. ANNEX ONE They were too deep to be known. They were retiring and hesitant. as if they were passing travelers. because they know that they will not be harmed but will receive great peace. Neither does it offer much 379 . with nothing much to offer the mouth./23 Tao Teh Ching. He does not feed them colorful bait with the intention of catching them. The subtle Way of the universe is flavorless. as if they were shy of people. They adapted themselves to a circumstance like melting ice. as if meeting honored guests. as if fording an icy stream in early winter. The teacher of the universal Way is like one who gives real food to people.
when one is content within one’s own na- ture. than to be covetous. yet its usefulness is inexhaustible./49 Tao Teh Ching. or for an individual. are driven into the battlefield and bred there. When the people of the world do not live in accord with the subtle Way of the uni- verse. or for an individual. then horses. than not finding contentment with one’s own sufficiency. There is no greater calamity for a nation./64 380 . Hence. one will always have enough. There is no greater mistake for a nation. 46 When the people of the world live in accord with the subtle Way of the universe. even pregnant mares. horses are used for agricultural purposes. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING to be enjoyed by the eyes or entertain the ears.
Bibliography Contextual Bibliography .
1997 Bertalanffy. 2005 (DVD) Down The Rabbit Hole Quantum Edition 20th Century Fox. Richard Get the Life You Want The Secrets to Quick and Lasting Life Change With Neuro-Linguistic Programming Deerfield Beach. 1990 Adrienne. Annie An Autobiography New Delhi: Penguin Books. Ludwig von General Systems Theory Foundations. Karma & Transformation The Inner Dimensions of the Birth Chart Sebastopol.. Frank X. et al. 2008 Barron. William & Chasse. 1978 Relationships and Life Cycles Astrological Patterns of Personal Experience Sebastopol. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Abrams. Tarcher/Putnam. Development. CA: CRCS Publications. 2005 Originally published in 1893 382 . 1993 Arntz.) Creators on Creating Awakening and Cultivating the Imaginative Mind (New Consciousness Reader) New York: P. Jeremiah (Ed. 1976 Besant. (Eds. CA: CRSC Publications. Betsy What the Bleep Do We Know 20th Century Fox. Carol The Numerology Kit New American Library. Applications New York: George Brazilier Publishing. Montuori. 1988 Arroyo. Fl: HCI. 2006 (3 DVD Set) Bandler.) Reclaiming the Inner Child New York: Tarcher/Putnam. Stephen Astrology.
1973 Campbell. 1994 Quantum Theory London: Dover Publications. 1999 Occidental Mythology Princeton: Princeton University Press. & Laughan. 2002 Thought as a System London: Routledge. 1995 Bohm. Peter Stewardship Choosing Service Over Self-Interest San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler. Herbert James The Pleasure Areas London: Eyre Methuen Ltd.P. David Wholeness and the Implicate Order London: Routledge. Martin’s Press. BIBLIOGRAPHY Block. Ralph H. 1973 (Bollingen Series XVII) New York: Penguin Arkana. 1965 Blum. 1991 The Masks of God Oriental Mythology New York: Penguin Arkana.. Dutton. 1992 Originally published 1962 383 . Heart & Soul New York: St. 1973 (Bollingen Series XVII) London: Orion Books. Mind. 1989 Campbell. 1996 Blofeld. Susan The Healing Runes Tools for the Recovery of Body. J. The Book of Changes A New Translation of the Ancient Chinese I Ching New York: E. Joseph The Hero With A Thousand Faces Princeton: Princeton University Press.
1989 The Web of Life A New Scientific Understanding of Living Systems New York: Doubleday. 2007 Learning from Leonardo Decoding the Notebooks of a Genius San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler. 2000 (New Edition) Originally published in 1975 The Turning Point Science. Cognitive And Social Dimensions Of Life Into A Science Of Sustainability New York: Doubleday. 2013 384 . by Sue Flowers New York: Anchor Books. 2008 First published with Doubleday. 1995 The Science of Leonardo Inside the Mind of the Great Genius of the Renaissance New York: Anchor Books. 1987 Original Author Copyright. Society And The Rising Culture New York: Simon & Schuster. 1997 Author Copyright 1996 The Hidden Connections Integrating The Biological. 2002 Steering Business Toward Sustainability Edited with Wolfgang Pauli New York: United Nations University Press. 1982 Uncommon Wisdom Conversations with Remarkable People New York: Bantam. Fritjof Steering Business Toward Sustainability New York: United Nations University Press. 1988 Capra. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING The Power of Myth With Bill Moyers ed. 1995 The Tao of Physics An Exploration of the Parallels Between Modern Physics and Eastern Mysticism New York: Shambhala Publications.
Thomas The Taoist I Ching Translated by Thomas Cleary Boston & London: Shambhala. (Ed.) Towards A New World View Conversations at the Leading Edge Erie. 1992 Originally published in 1964 Childre. 2014 Chaplin. BIBLIOGRAPHY The Systems View of Life A Unifying Vision With Pier Luigi Luisi Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. PA: Epic Publishing. 2004 The 3rd Alternative Solving Life’s Most Difficult Problems London: Simon & Schuster. CA: Planetary. 1999 DiCarlo. Doc & Cruyer. 1996 385 . 2012 Dalai Lama Ethics for the New Millennium New York: Penguin Putnam. 1986 Covey. Russell E. 2004 Cleary. 2004 15th Anniversary Edition First Published in 1989 The 8th Habit From Effectiveness to Greatness London: Simon & Schuster. The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People Powerful Lessons in Personal Change New York: Free Press. Charles My Autobiography New York: Plume. Stephen R. Bruce From Chaos to Coherence The Power to Change Performance Boulder Creek.
1996 The Mythic Journey With Juliet Sharman-Burke The Meaning of Myth as a Guide for Life New York: Simon & Schuster (Fireside). Liz Astrology of Fate York Beach. The Complete Numerology Guide New York: Red Wheel/Weiser. 1995 Goodwin. Amit The Self-Aware Universe How Consciousness Creates the Material World New York: Tarcher/Putnam. Matthew O. ME: Red Wheel/Weiser. Mircea Shamanism Archaic Techniques of Ecstasy New York: Pantheon Books. 1964 Goleman. 2001 Originally published in 1986 386 . 1986 Saturn A New Look at an Old Devil York Beach. Daniel Emotional Intelligence New York. 2000 The Mythic Tarot With Juliet Sharman-Burke New York: Simon & Schuster (Fireside). Albert The World As I See It New York: Citadel Press. 1988 Goswami. ME: Red Wheel/Weiser. 1993 Eliade. 1976 The Astrological Neptune and the Quest for Redemption Boston: Red Wheel Weiser. 1995 Greene. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Einstein. Bantam Books.
Bierman et al. 2003 Originally published in 1928 Hameroff. 1999 Grof. BIBLIOGRAPHY The Luminaries The Psychology of the Sun and Moon in the Horoscope With Howard Sasportas York Beach. Stanislav Ancient Wisdom and Modern Science New York: State University of New York Press. Death and Transcendence in Psychotherapy New York: State University of New York. New York: Alsbury Films. ME: Red Wheel/Weiser. 540 min. 1985 Realms of the Human Unconscious Observations from LSD Research New York: E. 2000 Hall. Woolf. Dutton. 1992 Greer. John Michael Earth Divination. Earth Magic A Practical Guide to Geomancy New York: Llewellyn Publications. 2003 387 . Consciousness 20 Scientists Interviewed Director: Gregory Alsbury 5 DVD Box Set. 2005 Grout. Newberg. Manly P. 1998 When the Impossible Happens Adventures in Non-Ordinary Reality Louisville. Pam Art & Soul New York: Andrews McMeel Publishing. The Secret Teachings of All Ages Reader’s Edition New York: Tarcher/Penguin. CO: Sounds True. 1984 Beyond the Brain Birth. 1976 The Cosmic Game Explorations of the Frontiers of Human Consciousness New York: State University of New York Press.P.
CA: Malibu Publishing. CA: Association for Psychedelic Studies. Albert LSD. Tarcher/Putnam. 2001 Hicks. Jean The Possible Human A Course in Enhancing Your Physical. Esther and Jerry The Amazing Power of Deliberate Intent Living the Art of Allowing Carlsbad. 1998 Hunt. 1938/1998 Houston. 2009 Originally published in 1980 Holmes. Ernst The Science of Mind A Philosophy. 1982 Huang. Aldous The Doors of Perception and Heaven and Hell London: HarperCollins (Flamingo). 2006 Hofmann. My Problem Child Reflections on Sacred Drugs. Tarcher/Putnam. CA: Hay House. NY: Inner Traditions. Valerie Infinite Mind Science of the Human Vibrations of Consciousness Malibu. A Way of Life New York: Jeremy P. A Faith. Mental. 1982 Originally published in 1980 Hermes Trismegistos Corpus Hermeticum New York: Edaf. Alfred The Complete I Ching The Definite Translation from Taoist Master Alfred Huang Rochester. 2000 Huxley. Mysticism and Science Santa Cruz. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Harner. 1994 (originally published in 1954) 388 . and Creative Abilities New York: Jeremy P. Michael Ways of the Shaman New York: Bantam.
London: Victor Gollancz. 2000 Jung. 1959 On the Nature of the Psyche in: The Basic Writings of C.G. J. 1978 Commentaries on Living First Series. 1969 The First and Last Freedom San Francisco: Harper & Row. Nigel The Rune Mysteries With Silver RavenWolf St. Jung New York: The Modern Library. 47-133 The Basic Writings of C. 1959.G. Carl Gustav Archetypes of the Collective Unconscious in: The Basic Writings of C. Paul. The Art of War for Executives London: Nicholas Brealey Publishing. 1995 Krishnamurti. Jung New York: The Modern Library. Freedom From The Known San Francisco: Harper & Row. 1993 Kinski. 1959. Klaus Kinski Uncut: The Autobiography of Klaus Kinski New York: Penguin. Jung New York: The Modern Library. 1959 Kiang. BIBLIOGRAPHY Jackson. 358-407 Collected Works New York. Donald G. Minn.G.: Llewellyn Publications. 1997 Krause. Kok Kok The I Ching An Illustrated Guide to the Chinese Art of Divination Singapore: Asiapac. 1985 389 . 1975 Education and the Significance of Life London: Victor Gollancz.
1992 On Fear San Francisco: Harper & Row. 1995 Laszlo. Ervin Science and the Akashic Field An Integral Theory of Everything Rochester: Inner Traditions. 1986 The Penguin Krishnamurti Reader New York: Penguin. London: Victor Gollancz. David Bohm San Francisco: Harper & Row. 1985 Beginnings of Learning New York: Penguin. 1986 Beyond Violence London: Victor Gollancz. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Commentaries on Living Second Series. 1985 Kwok. Man-Ho The Feng Shui Kit London: Piatkus. 1986 Krishnamurti's Journal London: Victor Gollancz. 2008 Science and the Reenchantment of the Cosmos The Rise of the Integral Vision of Reality Rochester: Inner Traditions. 1995 The Essential Krishnamurti San Francisco: Harper & Row. 2006 390 . 1987 Krishnamurti's Notebook London: Victor Gollancz. 1996 The Ending of Time With Dr. 1987 On God San Francisco: Harper & Row. 2004 Quantum Shift to the Global Brain How the New Scientific Reality Can Change Us and Our World Rochester: Inner Traditions.
2006 Leadbeater. 1998 The Inner Life Chicago: The Rajput Press. George. 1986 First published in 1977 391 . 2009 The Chaos Point The World at the Crossroads Newburyport. Tarcher/Putnam. 1903 Kessinger Publishing Reprint Edition. Tuttle. Mind. Murphy. MA: Hampton Roads Publishing. 2004 Authors Copyright 2003 Leonard. Jean Continuum Concept In Search of Happiness Lost New York: Perseus Books. BIBLIOGRAPHY The Akashic Experience Science and the Cosmic Memory Field Rochester: Inner Traditions. Heart and Soul New York: Jeremy P. Eddie Meeting the Other Crowd The Fairy Stories of Hidden Ireland With Carolyn Eve Green New York: Jeremy P. 1980 Originally published in 1972 Lenihan. 1984 Liedloff. Inhabitants and Phenomena Kessinger Publishing Reprint Edition. 1997 Dreams What they Are and How they are Caused London: Theosophical Publishing Society. 1911 Kessinger Publishing Leggett. Michael The Live We Are Given A Long Term Program for Realizing the Potential of Body. Charles Webster Astral Plane Its Scenery. A First Zen Reader Rutland: C. Trevor P. Tarcher/Penguin.E.
2002 by Matthew Greenblad Master Lam Kam Chuen The Way of Energy Mastering the Chinese Art of Internal Strength with Chi Kung Exercise New York: Simon & Schuster (Fireside). Alexander Bioenergetics New York: Coward.: YMAA Publication Center. 2004 Joy The Surrender to the Body and to Life New York: Penguin. 2003 Honoring the Body The Autobiography of Alexander Lowen New York: Bioenergetic Press. Ramana The Collected Works of Ramana Maharshi New York: Sri Ramanasramam. Collier Books. McGoegham 1975 Fear of Life New York: Bioenergetic Press. Max Freedom The Secret Science at Work The Huna Method as a Way of Life Marina del Rey: De Vorss Publications. 1955 Lowen. Shou-Yu & Wu. Wen-Ching Tai Chi Chuan: 24 & 48 Postures With Martial Applications Roslindale. Mass. 1995 Narcissism: Denial of the True Self New York: Macmillan. 1983 Maharshi. Marina del Rey: De Vorss Publications. 1991 Master Liang. 2002 The Essential Teachings of Ramana Maharshi A Visual Journey New York: Inner Directions Publishing. 1996 392 . 1995 Originally published in 1953 Growing Into Light A Personal Guide to Practicing the Huna Method. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Long.
1995 Nau.: Parker. Thinking in Systems: A Primer White River. Thomas Care of the Soul A Guide for Cultivating Depth and Sacredness in Everyday Life New York: Harper & Collins. BIBLIOGRAPHY Meadows. N. Belleruth Your Sixth Sense: Unlocking the Power of Your Intuition London: HarperCollins. Michael The Future of the Body Explorations into the Further Evolution of Human Nature New York: Jeremy P. and Spiritual Responses that Promote Health and Healing New York: Three Rivers Press. Psychological. VT: Chelsea Green Publishing. 2008 Merleau-Ponty. Joseph The Power of Your Subconscious Mind West Nyack. 1995 Originally published 1945 Moore.Y. 1998 Naparstek.: Bantam. 1981. N.Y. Tony Pearce The Soul of Creativity Insights into the Creative Process Novato. Maurice Phenomenology of Perception London: Routledge. Donella H. 1999 Myss. 1994 Murphy. CA: New World Library. Caroline The Creation of Health The Emotional. 1998 Staying Well With Guided Imagery New York: Warner Books. Tarcher/Putnam. 1981 393 . 1962/1982 Murphy. 1992 Myers. Erika Self-Awareness Through Huna Virginia Beach: Donning.
1999 Esoteric Tao The Ching The Shrine of the Eternal Breath of Tao Santa Monica: College of Tao and Traditional Chinese Healing. 1999 Rank. 1986 Radin. Sallie Jung and Tarot: An Archetypal Journey New York: Red Wheel/Weiser. Otto Art and Artist With Charles Francis Atkinson and Anaïs Nin New York: W.W. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Ni. 1992 The Complete Works of Lao Tzu Tao The Ching & Hua Hu Ching Translation and Elucidation by Hua-Ching Ni Santa Monica: Seven Star Communications. Neville Life After Death London: Robert Hale. 1989 (1932) Reid. Norton. 1993 394 . 1997 Randall. 1995 Nichols. 1989 Guarding the Three Treasures The Chinese Way of Health New York: Simon & Schuster. Daniel P. The Tao of Health. Sex & Longevity A Modern Practical Guide to the Ancient Way New York: Simon & Schuster. Dean The Conscious Universe The Scientific Truth of Psychic Phenomena San Francisco: Harper & Row. Hua-Ching I Ching The Book of Changes and the Unchanging Truth 2nd edition Santa Barbara: Seven Star Communications.
and The Illumined Road New York: Aurora Press. Alexander Cycles of Becoming The Planetary Pattern of Growth New York: CRCS Publications. 1996 First published in 1979 Rudhyar. 1997 The Mastery of Love A Practical Guide to the Art of Relationship San Rafael. CA: Amber Allen Publishing. CA: Amber Allen Publishing. 1991 Ruiz. Don Miguel The Four Agreements A Practical Guide to Personal Freedom San Rafael. Jane The Nature of Personal Reality New York: Amber-Allen Publishing. New York: Putnam-Berkeley. 1978 SantoPietro. CA: Amber Allen Publishing. BIBLIOGRAPHY Roberts. Harmony by Design How to Create a Beautiful and Harmonious Home. 1994 First published in 1974 The Nature of the Psyche Its Human Expression New York. 1996 395 . 1999 The Voice of Knowledge A Practical Guide to Inner Peace With Janet Mills San Rafael. 1990 An Astrological Triptych Gifts of the Spirit. Dane Astrology of Personality A Reformulation of Astrological Concepts and Ideals in Terms of Contemporary Psychology and Philosophy New York: Aurora Press. The Way Through. 2004 Ruperti. Amber-Allen Publishing. Nancy Feng Shui.
CA: New World Library. 2007 396 . 1969 Temple. 2007 Targ. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Stone. Hal & Stone. Altered States of Consciousness A Book of Readings Hoboken. 1989 Sun Tzu (Sun Tsu) The Art of War Special Edition New York: El Paso Norte Press. 2013 Foreword by Joseph Needham The Tibetan Book of the Dead The Great Liberation through Hearing in the Bardo Translated with commentary by Francesca Fremantle & Chögyam Trungpa Boston: Shambhala Dragon Editions. Robert The Genius of China 3000 Years of Science. 1975 Tiller. Jane Miracles of Mind Exploring Nonlocal Consciousness and Spiritual Healing Novato. Russell & Katra. 2007 Tart. Charles T.: Wiley & Sons. William A. Sidra Embracing Our Selves The Voice Dialogue Manual San Rafael. Michael The Holographic Universe New York: HarperCollins. N. Psychoenergetic Science New York: Pavior. 1999 Talbot.J. CA: New World Library. Discovery & Invention London: André Deutsch. 1992 Tarnas. Richard Cosmos and Psyche Intimations of a New World View New York: Plume.
BIBLIOGRAPHY Conscious Acts of Creation New York: Pavior. Savary New York: Paulist Press. The Runes Workbook A Step-by-Step Guide to Learning the Wisdom of the Staves San Diego: Thunder Bay Press. Vidette The Enigma of Energy Where Science and Religion Converge New York: Crossroad Publishing. Helmut The Wilhelm Lectures on the Book of Changes Princeton: Princeton University Press. 1991 397 . Leon D. 2004 Wilhelm. Bollingen Series XIX Princeton. 2007 Wild. 1994 Watts. Strephon Kaplan Dreams and Spiritual Growth With Patricia H. Lillian Feng Shui Kuala Lumpur: Konsep Books. The Way of Zen New York: Vintage Books. NJ: Princeton University Press. 2001 Todaro-Franceschi. 1991 Too. 1999 Wee Chow Hou The 36 Strategies of the Chinese Adapting Ancient Chinese Wisdom to the Business World New York: Addison-Wesley. 1995 Wilhelm. Berne and Louis M. Baynes 3rd Edition. 1967 Williams. 1984 Dream Cards Understand Your Dreams and Enrich Your Life New York: Simon & Schuster (Fireside). Richard The I Ching or Book of Changes With C. Alan W.
Y. 1995 The Eagle’s Quest A Physicist Finds the Scientific Mind into Matter A New Alchemy of Science and Spirit New York: Moment Point Press. 1984 Wolf. Mass. & Enlightenment Roslindale. Nancilee Feng Shui The Book of Cures Lincolnwood: Contemporary Books. 1989 Parallel Universes New York: Simon & Schuster. MA: YMAA Publication Center.: YMAA Publication Center.: Doubleday. 1996 Yang. R. 2000 398 . The I Ching Workbook Garden City. Longevity. Jwing-Ming Qigong. THE LEADERSHIP I CHING Wing. 1990 The Dreaming Universe A Mind-Expanding Journey into the Realm Where Psyche and Physics Meet New York: Touchstone. 2000 The Root of Chinese Qigong Secrets for Health. L. 1997 Zukav. 2000 Wydra. The Secret of Youth Da Mo’s Muscle/Tendon Changing and Marrow/Brain Washing Clas- sics Boston. Gary The Dancing Wu Li Masters An Overview of the New Physics New York: HarperOne. Fred Alan Taking the Quantum Leap The New Physics for Nonscientists New York: Harper & Row. N.
64 Hexagrams A Synopsis .
Personal Notes .