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Annealed Engineering Steel

1191 C45E / 1042 (ASTM & SAE)

Europe : DIN EN 10083-1 / DIN EN 10250-3 / DIN EN 10277-5


Standards
USA : ASTM 29 / ASTM 183 / ASTM A 331 / ASTM 510 / ASTM A 576

C Si Mn P S Cr Mo Ni
Chemical 0.42 - 0.50 0.15 - 0.40 0.50 - 0.80 < 0.035 < 0.035 ≤ 0.40 ≤ 0.10 ≤ 0.40
Composition in % Note : (Cr + Mo + Ni) approx. 0.63%. A controlled Sulphur content of 0.20-0.35% can be supplied if required.
Narrower or other tolerance ranges in chemical composition have to be agreed before order is placed.

Material Medium carbon engineering steel more often used in the normalized than in the quenched and tempered
Characteristics condition. This steel grade is suitable for surface hardening

This steel has a low hardenability. The microstructure in the normalized condition consists of ferrite and pearlite.
Transformation
In the quenched and tempered condition on the surface of the bars, a bainitic microstructure can be obtained
Characteristics
depending on the bar diameter. Deeper into the core a ferrite-pearlite structure is to be expected.

Applications General mechanical engineering components such as hydraulich jacks, pisons, axels and pinions for gears.

Products Hot rolled bars in annealed condition Hot forged bars in annealed Bright steel bars
delivererable (DIN EN 10083-1) condition (DIN EN 10250-3) (DIN EN 10277-5)

Hardening Tempering Annealing Jominy Test


0 0 0 0
820-860 C / oil or water 540 - 680 C 650 - 700 C 845 - 855 C
Heat Treatment
Normalizing Hot Forming
0 0
840 - 870 C 800 - 1100 C

1 mm 2 mm 3 mm 4 mm 5 mm 6 mm 7 mm 8 mm 9 mm
55 - 62 51 - 61 37 - 61 30 - 60 28 - 57 27 - 51 26 - 44 25 - 37 24 - 34
Jominy 10 mm 11 mm 13 mm 15 mm 20 mm 25 mm
hardenability in
23 - 33 22 - 32 21 - 31 20 - 30 < 29 < 28
HRc
If required, more limited hardenbility values on the lower range (HL) or higher range (HH) can be supplied.
These narrower limits have to be specifically ordered.

Annealed Spherodized annealed For Shearbility


Hardness (HB)
≤ 207 HB ≤ 214 HB ≤ 250 HB

Physical Properties Density at 20o C is 7.80 kg / dm3

Mechanical Bar
0.2% Proof Stress Tensile Strength Elongation Impact Toughness (Av) in
Properties in diameter in
(Rp.0.2) in MPa (Rm) in Mpa (A5) in% Joules (ISO-V-Notch)
normalized mm
condition ≤ 16 ≥ 340 ≥ 620 ≥ 14 > 35
corresponding to
DIN EN 10083-1/DIN 16-100 ≥ 305 ≥ 580 ≥ 16 > 45
EN 10250-2 100-250 ≥ 275 ≥ 560 ≥ 16 > 18
(Longitudinal
samples) 250-500 ≥ 240 ≥ 540 ≥ 16 > 15
Mechanical Bar Impact Toughness
0.2% Proof Stress Tensile Strength
Properties in diameter in Elongation (A5) in % (Av) in Joules (ISO-
(Rp.0.2) in MPa (Rm) in Mpa
Quenched and mm V-Notch)
Tempered ≥ 490 700 - 850 ≥ 14 ≥ 25
≤8
condition
corresponding to
8 - 20 ≥ 430 650 - 800 ≥ 16 ≥ 25
DIN EN 10083-1
(Longitudinal
20 - 60 ≥ 370 630 - 780 ≥ 17 ≥ 25
samples)

Bar Impact Toughness


Mechanical 0.2% Proof Stress Tensile Strength
diameter in Elongation (A5) in % (Av) in Joules (ISO-
Properties in (Rp.0.2) in MPa (Rm) in Mpa
mm V-Notch)
Q+T condition
corresponding to ≤ 70 ≥ 370 ≥ 630 ≥ 17 (longitudinal) ≥ 25 (longitudinal)
DIN EN 10250-2 ≥ 17 (longitudinal) ≥ 22 (longitudinal)
(longitudinal and 70 - 160 ≥ 340 ≥ 590
≥ 12 (transverse) ≥ 15 (transverse)
transverse
≥ 16 (longitudinal) ≥ 20 (longitudinal)
samples) 160 - 330 ≥ 320 ≥ 540
≥ 11 (transverse) ≥ 12 (transverse)

Temper- Hardness- Diagram of Steel 1.1191


(10 mm Bar Diameter)

500

400
Hardness in HV

300

200

100

0
200 300 400 500 600
Te m pe ring Te m pe ra ture in °C

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