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1.

Choose the most appropriate phrase from the options given below to complete the following

sentence.

The aircraft_______ take off as soon as its flight plan was filed.

(A) is allowed to

(B) will be allowed to

(C) was allowed to

(D) has been allowed to

Answer: (C)

2.

All women are entrepreneurs.

Some women are doctors

Which of the following conclusions can be logically inferred from the above statements?

(A) All women are doctors

(B) All doctors are entrepreneurs

(C) All entrepreneurs are women

(D) Some entrepreneurs are doctors

Answer: (D)

3.

Choose the most appropriate word from the options given below to complete the following

sentence.

Many ancient cultures attributed disease to supernatural causes. However, modern science

has largely helped _________ such notions.

(A) impel

(B) dispel

(C) propel

(D) repel

Answer: (B)

4.

The statistics of runs scored in a series by four batsmen are provided in the following table,

Who is the most consistent batsman of these four?

Batsman

Average

Standard deviation

31.2

5.21

46.0

6.35

54.4

6.22

17.9

5.90

(A) K

(B) L

(C) M

(D) N

Answer: (A)

Exp: If the standard deviation is less, there will be less deviation or batsman is more consistent

5.

12

35

81

Answer: 725

173

357

____

EC-GATE-2014 PAPER-01|

Exp:

12

35

23

81

46

173

92

357

184

________

368

difference

357

368

725

6.

W,E,K,O

I,Q,W,A

(A) W,E,K,O

F,N,T,X

(B) I,Q,W,A

N,V,B,D

(B) F,N,T,X

(D) N,V,B,D

Answer: (D)

Exp:

N

8

T

6

X

4

V

8

B

6

D

2

Difference of position: D

7.

For submitting tax returns, all resident males with annual income below Rs 10 lakh should fill

up Form P and all resident females with income below Rs 8 lakh should fill up Form All

people with incomes above Rs 10 lakh should fill up Form R, except non residents with

income above Rs 15 lakhs, who should fill up Form S. All others should fill Form T. An

example of a person who should fill Form T is

(A) a resident male with annual income Rs 9 lakh

(B) a resident female with annual income Rs 9 lakh

(C) a non-resident male with annual income Rs 16 lakh

(D) a non-resident female with annual income Rs 16 lakh

Answer: (B)

Exp:

8.

A train that is 280 metres long, travelling at a uniform speed, crosses a platform in 60 seconds

and passes a man standing on the platform in 20 seconds. What is the length of the platform

in metres?

Answer: 560

Exp:

So, for second 60 seconds. Total distance travelled should be 840. Including 280 train length

so length of plates =840-280=560

EC-GATE-2014 PAPER-01|

9.

The exports and imports (in crores of Rs.) of a country from 2000 to 2007 are given in the

following bar chart. If the trade deficit is defined as excess of imports over exports, in which

year is the trade deficit 1/5th of the exports?

120

110

100

90

80

70

60

50

40

30

20

10

0

(A) 2005

Exports

2000

2001

2002

(B) 2004

Im ports

2003

2004

(C) 2007

2005

2006

2007

(D) 2006

Answer: (D)

Exp:

2004,

=

=

exp orts

70 7

26 2

=

76 7

20

1

=

2 0 0 6,

100 5

10

1

=

2007,

100 11

2 0 0 5,

10.

You are given three coins: one has heads on both faces, the second has tails on both faces,

and the third has a head on one face and a tail on the other. You choose a coin at random and

toss it, and it comes up heads. The probability that the other face is tails is

(A) 1/4

(B) 1/3

(C) 1/2

(D) 2/3

Answer: (B)

EC-GATE-2014 PAPER-01|

1.

For matrices of same dimension M, N and scalar c, which one of these properties DOES NOT

ALWAYS hold?

(A) (MT)T = M

(B) (cMT)T = c(M)T

(D) MN = NM

(C) (M + N)T = M T + NT

Answer: (D)

Exp: Matrix multiplication is not commutative in general.

2.

In a housing society, half of the families have a single child per family, while the remaining

half have two children per family. The probability that a child picked at random, has a sibling

is _____

Answer: 0.667

Exp:

A = picking a child then by Bayes theorem, required probability is

1

.x

2

E

2

P 2

=

= = 0.667

A

1 x 1

. + .x 3

2 2 2

(Here x is number of families)

( )

3.

z2 z + 4 j

C is a closed path in the z-plane given by z = 3. The value of the integral

C z + 2 j

dz is

(A) 4 (1 + j2 )

(B) 4 ( 3 j2 )

(C) 4 ( 3 + j2 )

(D) 4 (1 j2 )

Answer: (C)

Exp:

By Cauchys integral formula,

Z2 Z + 4 j

2

C Z + 2 j dz = 2j. Z Z + 4 j Z=2 j

= 2j[ 4 + 2 j + 4 j] = 4 [3 + j2]

A real (4 4) matrix A satisfies the equation A2 = I, where I is the (4 4) identity matrix.

The positive eigen value of A is __________.

Answer: 1

4.

Exp:

1

is also its eigen value. Since, we

require positive eigen value. = 1 is the only possibility as no other positive number is self

inversed

EC-GATE-2014 PAPER-01|

5.

Let X1, X2, and X3 be independent and identically distributed random variables with the

uniform distribution on [0, 1]. The probability P{X1 is the largest} is ________

Answer: 0.32-0.34

6.

For maximum power transfer between two cascaded sections of an electrical network, the

relationship between the output impedance Z1 of the first section to the input impedance Z2 of

the second section is

(A) Z2 = Zl

(C) Z2 = Z1

(B) Z2 = Zl

(D) Z2 = Z1

Answer: (C)

Exp: Two cascaded sections

Section

1

Section

Z1 Z L Z 2

For maximum power transfer, upto 1st section is

ZL = Z1*

ZL = Z2 Z1*

7.

Consider the configuration shown in the figure which is a portion of a larger electrical

network

i5

i2

R

R

i4

i1

R

i3

i6

For R = 1 and currents i1 = 2A, i4 = -1A, i5 = -4A, which one of the following is TRUE?

(A) i6 = 5 A

(B) i 3 = 4A

(C) Data is sufficient to conclude that the supposed currents are impossible

(D) Data is insufficient to identify the current i 2 ,i3 , and i 6

Answer: (A)

EC-GATE-2014 PAPER-01|

Exp: Given i1 = 2A

i5

i 4 = 1A

i2

i5 = 4A

KCL at node A, i1 + i 4 = i 2

i 2 = 2 1 =1A

i3

1. KCL at node B, i 2 + i5 = i3

i4

i3 =1 4 = 3A

KCL at node C, i3 + i6 = i1

i1

C

i6

i6 = 2 ( 3) = 5A

8.

When the optical power incident on a photodiode is 10W and the responsivity is 0.8 A / W,

the photocurrent generated ( in A ) is ________.

Answer: 8

Exp: Responsivity ( R ) =

0.8 =

Ip

P0

Ip

10 106

I8 = 8A

9.

In the figure, assume that the forward voltage drops of the PN diode D1 and Schottky diode

D2 are 0.7 V and 0.3 V, respectively. If ON denotes conducting state of the diode and OFF

denotes non-conducting state of the diode, then in the circuit,

1k

10

(C) both D1 and D2 are OFF

Answer: (D)

Exp: Assume both the diode ON.

Then circuit will be as per figure (2)

10 0.7

I =

= 9.3mA

1k

0.7 0.3

I D2 =

= 20mA

20

Now, I D1 = I ID2

20

D2

D1

(D) D1 is OFF and D2 is ON

D1

10V

D2

Figure (1)

1K

D1is OFF and hense D 2 ON

20

1K

20

I

ID1

10V

0.7V

ID2

0.3V

EC-GATE-2014 PAPER-01|

10.

If fixed positive charges are present in the gate oxide of an n-channel enhancement type

MOSFET, it will lead to

(A) a decrease in the threshold voltage

(B) channel length modulation

(C) an increase in substrate leakage current (D) an increase in accumulation capacitance

Answer: (A)

11.

(A) low input impedance and low output impedance

(B) low input impedance and high output impedance

(C) high input impedance and low output impedance

(D) high input impedance and high output impedance

Answer: (B)

Exp:

Z0 =

12.

In the ac equivalent circuit shown in the figure, if i in is the input current and RF is very large,

the type of feedback is

RD

RD

out

M2

M1

small signal

input

i in

RF

(B) voltage-current feedback

(C) current-voltage feedback

(D) current-current feedback

Answer: (B)

Exp: Output sample is voltage and is added at the input or current

It is voltage shunt negative feedback i.e, voltage-current negative feedback

13.

In the low-pass filter shown in the figure, for a cut-off frequency of 5kHz, the value of R2

( in k ) is ____________.

R2

C

Vi

1k

R1

10nF

Vo

EC-GATE-2014 PAPER-01|

Answer: 3.18

Exp:

f = 5KHz

Cut off frequency ( LPF ) =

R2 =

14.

1

= 5KHz

2R 2 C

1

= 3.18 k

2 5 103 10 109

In the following circuit employing pass transistor logic, all NMOS transistors are identical

with a threshold voltage of 1 V. Ignoring the body-effect, the output voltages at P, Q and R

are,

5V

5V

5V

5V

P

(A) 4 V, 3 V, 2 V

(C) 4 V, 4 V, 4 V

Answer: (C)

Exp: Assume al NMOS are in saturation

(B) 5 V, 5 V, 5 V

(D) 5 V, 4 V, 3 V

5V

VDS ( VGS VT )

5V

For m1

M1

(5 Vp ) ( 5 Vp 1)

(5 V ) > ( 4 V ) Sat

p

ID1 = k ( VGS VT )

5V

M2

2

Q

5V

M3

For m 2 ,

I D1 = K ( 5 VQ 1)

For m 3 ,

I D2 = K ( 4 VQ ) ......( 2 )

2

ID1 = ID2

(4 V ) = (4 V )

Vp = VQ & Vp + VQ = 8

Vp = VQ = 4V

I D 2 = I D3

(4 V ) = (4 V )

2

I D3 = K ( 5 VR 1)

VR = VQ = 4V

Vp = VQ = VR = 4V

EC-GATE-2014 PAPER-01|

15.

) (

(A) X

Answer: (A)

(B) Y

(C) XY

(D) X+Y

As per the transposition theorem

( A + BC ) = ( A + B )( A + C )

so, ( X + Y ) ( X + Y ) = X + YY

( X + Y ) ( X + Y ) + XY + X

= X+0

( )

= X + XY .X

Apply absorption theorem = X (1 + Y ) = X.1= X

16.

Five JK flip-flops are cascaded to form the circuit shown in Figure. Clock pulses at a

frequency of 1 MHz are applied as shown. The frequency (in kHz) of the waveform at Q3 is

__________ .

J4 Q4

> clk

1 K4

1 J3 Q3

> clk

1 K2

J2 Q2

> clk

1 K2

1 J1 Q1

> clk

1 K1

1 J0

> clk

1 K0

clock

Answer: 62.5

Exp: Given circuit is a Ripple (Asynchrnous) counter. In Ripple counter, o/p frequency of each

flip-flop is half of the input frequency if their all the states are used otherwise o/p frequency

input frequency

of the counter is =

modulus of the counter

input frequency

16

6

110

H z = 62.5 kHz

=

16

17.

(A) periodic with period .

Answer: (D)

(D) not periodic

EC-GATE-2014 PAPER-01|

Exp:

x [n ] = x [n + N]

sin ( 2 n ) = sin ( 2 ( n + N ) )

sin ( 2 n + 2k ) = sin ( 2 h + 2 N )

2k

2k = 2 N N =

Since k is any integer, there is no possible value of k for which N can be an integer, thus

non-periodic.

18.

Consider two real valued signals, x(t) band-limited to [ 500 Hz, 500 Hz ] and y ( t ) band-

limited to [ 1kHz, 1kHz ] . For z ( t ) = x ( t ) . y ( t ) , the Nyquist sampling frequency (in kHz) is

__________

Answer: 3

Exp:

y ( t ) is band limited to [ 1000Hz, 1000Hz ]

z ( t ) = x ( t ) .y ( t )

Multiplication in time domain results convolution in frequency domain.

The range of convolution in frequency domain is [ 1500Hz, 1500 Hz ]

So maximum frequency present in z(t) is 1500Hz Nyquist rate is 3000Hz or 3 kHz

19.

0t 3

h ( t ) = { 30 for

otherwise

When a constant input of value 5 is applied to this filter, the steady state output is _______.

Answer: 45

x (t )

Exp:

y (t )

h (t )

y(t) = x (t)* h (t)

x(t) =

5

t

h (t) =

3

0

10

EC-GATE-2014 PAPER-01|

20.

The forward path transfer function of a unity negative feedback system is given by

G ( s) =

K

( s + 2 )( s 1)

The value of K which will place both the poles of the closed-loop system at the same

location, is ______.

Answer: 2.25

Exp:

Given G ( s ) =

K

s

2

+

( )( s 1)

H (s) = 1

Characteristic equation: 1 + G ( s ) H ( s ) = 0

1+

The poles are s1,2 = 1

If

( s + 2 )( s 1)

= 0

9

4K

4

9

K = 0, then both poles of the closed loop system at the same location.

4

So, K =

21.

9

2.25

4

Consider the feedback system shown in the figure. The Nyquist plot of G(s) is also shown.

Which one of the following conclusions is correct?

+

Im G ( j )

G (s)

1

+1 Re G ( j )

(B) G(s) is a strictly proper transfer function

(C) G(s) is a stable and minimum-phase transfer function

(D) The closed-loop system is unstable for sufficiently large and positive k

Answer: ( D)

Exp:

For larger values of K, it will encircle the critical point (-1+j0), which makes closed-loop

system unstable.

11

EC-GATE-2014 PAPER-01|

22.

In a code-division multiple access (CDMA) system with N = 8 chips, the maximum number

of users who can be assigned mutually orthogonal signature sequences is ________

Answer: 7.99 to 8.01

Exp:

Spreading factor(SF)=

chip rate

symbol rate

Chip rate =80symbol rate

S.F (Spreading Factor) =

8 symbol rate

=8

symbol rate

Spread factor (or) process gain and determine to a certain extent the upper limit of the total

number of uses supported simultaneously by a station.

23.

The capacity of a Binary Symmetric Channel (BSC) with cross-over probability 0.5 is

________

Answer: 0

Exp: Capacity of channel is 1-H(p)

H(p) is entropy function

With cross over probability of 0.5

1

1 1

1

+ log 2

=1

H ( p ) = log 2

2

0.5 2

0.5

Capacity = 1 1 = 0

24.

S12

S

A two-port network has sattering parameters given by [ S] = 11

. If the port-2 of the

S21 S22

two-port is short circuited, the S11 parameter for the resultant one-port network is

( A)

1 + s22

( B)

1 + s22

( C)

1 s22

( D)

1 s22

Answer:(B)

Exp:

a1

Two port

Network

b1

a2

b2

b1 = s11a1 + s12 a 2

b 2 = s 21a1 + s 22 a 2

b1 s11 s12 a1

b = s

;

2 21 s 22 a 2

s1 =

b1

a1

a 2 =0

12

EC-GATE-2014 PAPER-01|

25.

The force on a point charge +q kept at a distance d from the surface of an infinite grounded

metal plate in a medium of permittivity is

(A) 0

q2

towards the plate

16 d 2

(C)

(B)

q2

away from the plate

16 d 2

(D)

q2

towards the plate

4 d 2

Answer:(C)

Exp:

+q

1 Q1Q 2

F=

4 R 2

1

92

92

F=

=

4 ( 2d ) 2

16 d 2

metal plate

q

26.

( A ) 2 + 3x x 2

x3

+ .......

2

( B) 2 3x + x 2

x3

+ .......

2

( C) 2 + 3x + x 2 +

x3

+ .......

2

( D ) 2 3x x 2 +

x3

+ .......

2

Answer: (A)

Exp:

x2

x3

3sin x + 2cos x = 3 x + ... + 2 1

+ ...

3!

2!

= 2 + 3x x 2

27.

x3

+ ...

2

it is given that

y ( t ) = g ( ) d, then

(A)0

g ( t ) e jt dt = e 2

y ( t ) dt is

(B)-j

(C) -

j

2

(D)

j

2

Answer: (B)

Exp:

Given

g ( t ).e

jwt

dt = .e2w ( let G ( j) )

2

g ( t ) dt = 0

13

EC-GATE-2014 PAPER-01|

y(t) =

Y ( j) = G ( j) .U ( j)

Y ( j) =

y ( t ).e

j t

dt

Y ( j0 ) =

y ( t ) dt = .e

2w 2

j + ( ) = 0

1

= = j

j

28.

The volume under the surface z(x, y) = x + y and above the triangle in the x-y plane defined

by {0 y x and 0 x 12} is___________.

Answer: 864

Exp:

Volume = Z ( x, y ) dydx =

R

12

( x + y ) dydx

x =0 y=0

12

12

y2

3

3 x3

= xy + .dx = x 2 dx = = 864

2 0

2

2 3 0

x =0

0

12

29.

0 0 0 0 01

J6 =

0 0 0 0 10

0 0 0 1 00

0 0 10 0 0

0 1 0 0 0 0

1 0 0 0 0 0

Which is obtained by reversing the order of the columns of the identity matrix I 6 .

Let P = I 6 + J 6 , where is a non-negative real number. The value of for which det(P) =

0 is ___________.

Answer: 1

Exp:

1 0

0 1 1

Consider, ( i ) Let P = I 2 + J 2 =

+

0 1

1 0 1

P = 1 2

1 0 0

0 1 0

( ii ) Let P = I4 + J 4 =

0 1 0

0 0 1

14

EC-GATE-2014 PAPER-01|

P = (1 )

0

1

0

0 ( ) 0

1

1

0

= (1 2 ) ( ) (1 2 ) = (1 2 )

S im ilarly , if P = I 6 + J 6 th e n w e g et

P = (1 2 )

P = 0 = 1, 1

is n o n n e g ativ e

=1

30.

A Y-network has resistances of 10 each in two of its arms, while the third arm has a

resistance of 11 in the equivalent network, the lowest value ( in ) among the three

resistances is ______________.

Answer: 29.09

Exp:

10

10

X

10

11

11

10

Y

Delta Connection

Star Connection

X = 29.09

y = 32

z = 32

X=

y=

z=

11

10

10

10

+

( )( ) ( )(11) + (10 )(11)

10

(10 )(10 ) + (10 )(11) + (10 )(11)

10

31.

A 230 V rms source supplies power to two loads connected in parallel. The first load draws

10 kW at 0.8 leading power factor and the second one draws 10 kVA at 0.8 lagging power

factor. The complex power delivered by the source is

(A) (18 + j 1.5) kVA

15

EC-GATE-2014 PAPER-01|

Answer: (B)

Exp:

+

L

o

a

d

II

L

o

a

d

I

230V

Load 1:

P = 10 kw

cos = 0.8

SI = P jQ = 10 j7.5 KVA

Q = P tan = 7.5 KVAR

Load 2: S = 10 KVA

cos = 0.8

cos =

0.8 =

sin =

Q

S

P

S

P

P = 8kw

10

Q = 6KVAR

SI = P + jQ = 8 + j6

32.

A periodic variable x is shown in the figure as a function of time. The root-mean-square (rms)

value of x is_______.

x

1

t

T/2

T/2

Answer: 0.408

16

EC-GATE-2014 PAPER-01|

T

Exp:

x rms =

2

T

t 0 t 2

= T

T t T

0

2

x(t)

2

1

x ( t ) ) dt

(

T0

2

T

T2

1 2

2

.t .dt + ( 0 ) .dt

T 0 T

T

2

( 0,0)

T

2

1 4 t3 2

.

T T2 3 0

x rms =

33.

4 T3

.

3T 3 8

1

0.408

6

In the circuit shown in the figure, the value of capacitor C(in mF) needed to have critically

damped response i(t) is____________.

40

4H

i (t)

Answer: 10mF

Exp: By KVL,

di ( t )

C

+

VO

1

i ( t ) dt

dt

C

Differentiate with respect to time,

R .di ( t ) R di ( ti ) i ( t )

+ .

+

= 0

0 =

dt 2

L dt

LC

d 2i ( t ) R di ( t ) i ( t )

+ .

+

= 0

dt 2

L dt

LC

v ( t ) = Ri ( t ) + L.

R

4

R

L

L LC

=

2

2

D1,2

1

R

R

2L

2L LC

For critically damped response,

2

D1,2 =

1

4L

R

C= 2 F

=

LC

R

2L

Given, L=4H; R= 40

C =

4 4

( 40 )

10mF

17

EC-GATE-2014 PAPER-01|

34.

A BJT is biased in forward active mode, Assume VBE = 0.7V, kT / q = 25mV and reverse

saturation current IS = 1013 A. The transconductance of the BJT (in mA/V) is ________.

Answer: 5.785

Exp:

VBE = 0.7V,

KT

= 25mV, Is = 1013

q

Transconductance, g m =

IC

VT

IC = IS eVBE /VT 1

= 1013 e0.7/ 25mV 1 = 144.625mA

gm =

35.

IC 144.625 mA

=

= 5.785 A / V

VT

25 mV

The doping concentrations on the p-side and n-side of a silicon diode are 1 1016 cm 3 and

1 1017 cm 3 , respectively. A forward bias of 0.3 V is applied to the diode. At T = 300K, the

kT

= 26mV. The electron

intrinsic carrier concentration of silicon n i = 1.5 1010 cm 3 and

q

concentration at the edge of the depletion region on the p-side is

(A) 2.3 109 cm 3

(B) 1 1016 cm 3

(C) 1 1017 cm 3

Answer:(A)

Exp:

Electron concentration, n

n i 2 Vbi /VT

e

NA

(1.5 10 )

=

10 2

e0.3/26mV

1 1016

= 2.3 109 / cm 3

36.

A depletion type N-channel MOSFET is biased in its linear region for use as a voltage

controlled

resistor.

Assume

threshold

voltage

8

2

2

VTH = 0.5V, VGS = 2.0 V, VDS = 5V, W / L = 100, COX = 10 F / cm and n = 800cm / V s .

The value of the resistance of the voltage controlled resistor ( in ) is ________.

Answer:500

Exp:

= 100; Cx = 108 f / cm

n = 800cm 2 / v s

1

W

2 ( VGS VT ) VDS VDS2

I D = n C0 x

2

L

1

I D

1

W

n C0x

= rds

L

VDS

VDS 2

18

EC-GATE-2014 PAPER-01|

W

W

= n C0 x ( VGS VT ) n C0x

VDS

L

L

rds =

37.

n C0 x

1

W

( VGS VT VDs )

L

1

= 500

800 10 100 ( 2 + 0.5 5 )

8

In the voltage regulator circuit shown in the figure, the op-amp is ideal. The BJT has

VBE = 0.7 V and = 100, and the zener voltage is 4.7V. For a regulated output of 9 V, the

value of R ( in ) is ______ .

VI = 12 V

V0 = 9 V

+

1k

1k

Vz = 4.7 V

V = 12V

i

9V

Answer:1093

Exp: Given VBE = 0.7V, = 100, VZ = 4.7V, V0 = 9V

1K

R

R + 1k

R

4.7 = 9

( VR = Vz )

R + 1k

R = 1093

VR = 9

38.

VR

R

Vz

In the circuit shown, the op-amp has finite input impedance, infinite voltage gain and zero

input offset voltage. The output voltage Vout is

R2

(A) I 2 ( R 1 + R 2 )

(B) I 2 R 2

(C) I1 R 2

R1

l1

l2 +

Vout

(D) I1 ( R 1 + R 2 )

19

EC-GATE-2014 PAPER-01|

Answer: (C)

Exp: Given, Zi =

A 0L =

Vi0 = 0

R2

V2 = ( R1 / /R 2 ) I1

=

R1

R 1R 2

I1 ...... (1)

R1 + R 2

V2

V2 V2 V0

+

=0

R1

R2

I1

V0

V1

( Zi = )

1

V0

1

= V2 +

R2

R1 R 2

V0 R 1R 2 R 2 + R 1

=

I1

R 2 R 1 + R 2 R 1R 2

V0 = I1R 2

39.

For the amplifier shown in the figure, the BJT parameters are VBE = 0.7 V, = 200, and

VCC = +12V

R1

RC

5k

33k

vi

1 F

1 F

R2

11k

vo

RS

10

R E1

1k

CE

1mF

Answer: -237.76

Exp:

DC Analysis:

11k

= 3V

11k + 33k

VE = 3 0.7 = 2.3V

VB = 12

IE =

2.3

= 2.277 mA

10 + 1k

20

EC-GATE-2014 PAPER-01|

I B = 11.34 A

IC = 2.26 mA

25mV

= 10.98

2.277 mA

R C

V

200 5k

=

AV = 0 =

Vi re + (1 + )( R s ) 200 10.98 + ( 201)10

re =

A V = 237.76

40.

XOR

X

AND

Z

XNOR

( A ) F = XYZ + XYZ

( C) F = XYZ + XYZ

Answer: (A)

Exp:

( B) F = XYZ + XYZ

( D ) F = XYZ + XYZ

XOR

X

Y

K

F

Z

XNOR

F = K. ( K Z )

= ( KZ + K.Z )

= K. KZ + K.K.Z

F = ( XY + XY ) Z

= XYZ + XYZ

21

EC-GATE-2014 PAPER-01|

41.

Consider the Boolean function, F ( w, x, y,z ) = wy + xy + wxyz + wxy + xz + xyz. which one

of the following is the complete set of essential prime implicants?

(A) w, y, xz, x z

(B) w, y, xz

(C) y, x y z

(D) y, xz,xz

Answer: (D)

Exp: Given Boolean Function is

F ( w, x, y, z ) = wy + xy + wxyz + wxy + xz + xyz

By using K-map

xz

wx

00

yz

00

01

11

10

01

11

10

xz

42.

The digital logic shown in the figure satisfies the given state diagram when Q1 is connected

to input A of the XOR gate.

S=0

D1 Q1

>

CLK

Q1

00

A

D2 Q2

S

>

S =1

Q2

10

S =1

S=0

S=0

S =1

01

S =1

11

S=0

Suppose the XOR gate is replaced by an XNOR gate. Which one of the following options

preserves the state diagram?

(A) Input A is connected to Q 2

(B) Input A is connected to Q2

(C) Input A is connected to Q1 and S is complemented

(D) Input A is connected to Q1

Answer: (D)

22

EC-GATE-2014 PAPER-01|

Exp:

D 2 = Q1s + Q1 s ( A = Q1 )

The alternate expression for EX-NOR gate is = A B = A B = A B

So, if the Ex-OR gate is substituted by Ex-NOR gate then input A should be connected to Q1

( A

D 2 = Q1S + Q1 S = Q1S + Q1 .S

= Q1 )

= Qi S + Q1 .S

n

43.

1

1

Lex x [ n ] = u ( n ) u ( n 1) . The Region of Convergence (ROC) of the z 9

3

transform of x[n]

(A) is z >

1

9

(B) is z <

1

3

1

1

(C) is > z >

3

9

Answer: (C)

1

1

Given x [ n ] = u [ n ] u [ n 1]

9

3

n

Exp:

1

1

for u [ n ] R oc in z >

9

9

h

9

Thus overall R oc in

44.

1

1

<z<

9

3

n

Consider a discrete time periodic signal x[n] = sin . Let a k be the complex Fourier

s

any integer. The value of B is_________.

Answer: 10

Exp:

n

Given x [ n ] = sin ; N = 10

5

Fourier series co-efficients are also periodic with period N = 10

x [n] =

a1 =

1 j 210 n 1 i 210 n

e

e

2j

2j

1

1

1

; a 1 =

a 1 = a 1+10 = a 9 =

2j

2j

2j

a1 = a1 + 10

a1 = a1 + 20

or

a 1 = a 1 + 10 a 1 = a 1 + 20

k = 10 m + 1 or k = 10.m 1 B = 10

23

EC-GATE-2014 PAPER-01|

45.

A system is described by the following differential equation, where u(t) is the input to the

system and y(t) is the output of the system.

y ( t ) + 5y ( t ) = u ( t )

.

(A) 0.2 + 0.8e 5t

Answer: (A)

Exp: Given y ( t ) + 5y ( t ) = u ( t ) and y ( 0 ) =1; u ( t ) is a unit step function.

Apply Laplace transform to the given differential equation.

S y ( s) y ( 0) + 5 y (s ) =

y ( s ) [ s + 5] =

1

s

1

dy

+ y ( 0) L = s y ( s ) y ( 0) L u ( t ) = 1

s

s

dt

1

+1

s

y (s) =

( s + 5)

y (s) =

( s +1)

s ( s + 5)

A

B

+

s s+ 5

A= 1 ; B = 4

5

5

1

4

y (s) =

+

5s 5 ( s + 5 )

Apply inverse Laplace transform,

1 4 5t

+ e

5 5

y ( t ) = 0.2 + 0.8e 5t

y(t) =

46.

.

x 1 1 1 0

.

x 2 = 0 1 0

. 0 0 2

x 3

x1

x +

2

x 3

x1

0

4 u; y = 1 1 1 x

[

] 2

x 3

0

The system is

(A) controllable and observable

(B) uncontrollable and observable

(C) uncontrollable and unobservable

(D) controllable and unobservable

Answer: (B)

24

EC-GATE-2014 PAPER-01|

Exp: From the given state model,

1 1 0

0

A = 0 1 0 B = 4

0

0 0 2

c = [1 1 1]

Controllable: Q c = c = B AB A 2 B

if Q c 0 controllable

0 4 8

Q c = 4 4 4 Q c = 0

0 0 0

uncontrollable

C

Observable : Q 0 = CA

CA 2

If Q 0 0 observable

1 1 1

Q 0 = 1 0 2 Q 0 =1

1 1 4

Observable

The system is uncontrollable and observable

47.

10

calculated using the

( s + 0.1)( s + 1) + ( s + 10)

Answer: 48

10

Exp:

G (s) =

+

s

0.1

(

)( s +1)( s +10 )

10

G (s) =

s

s

0.1 1 + [ 1+ s ] 1+ .10

0.1

10

10

G (s) =

[1+10s][ 1+ s][ 1+ 0.1s]

By Approximation, G ( s ) =

10

[10s +1]

25

EC-GATE-2014 PAPER-01|

Phase Margin = =180 + GH =gc

10

gc = 1 =

10 0.99

= 180 tan 1

1002 + 1

99

1

99

gc = 0.9949r / sc

1

=1002 =

2

48.

1

. The 2% settling time of the step

( s + 1) + ( s + 2 )

response is required to be less than 2 seconds.

r +

C ( s)

G ( s)

( A)

1

3

s + 5

( B)

0.03

+ 1

5

s

( C) 2 ( s + 4)

( D)

s + 8

4

s + 3

Answer: (C)

Exp: By observing the options, if we place other options, characteristic equation will have 3rd order

one, where we cannot describe the settling time.

If C ( s ) = 2 ( s + 4 ) is considered

The characteristic equation, is

s 2 + 3s + 2 + 2s + 8 = 0

s 2 + 5s +10 = 0

Standard character equation s 2 + 2 n s + 2n = 0

2n =

Given, 2% settling time,

49.

10; n = 2.5

4

< 2 w n > 2

w n

Let x be a real-valued random variable with E[X] and E[X2] denoting the mean values of X

and X2, respectively. The relation which always holds true is

( A ) ( E [ X ])

( B) E X 2 ( E [ X ])

> E X 2

( C) E X 2 = ( E [ X ])

( D ) E X 2 > ( E [ X ])

Answer: (B)

Exp: V ( x ) = E ( x 2 ) {E ( x )} 0 i.e., var iance cannot be negative

2

E ( x 2 ) {E ( x )}

26

EC-GATE-2014 PAPER-01|

50.

distributed in the interval [ 0, 2 ] . The auto-correlation E X ( t1 ) X ( t 2 )

( A ) cos ( 2 ( t1 + t 2 ) )

( C ) sin ( 2 ( t1 + t 2 ) )

( B ) sin ( 2 ( t1 t 2 ) )

( D ) cos ( 2 ( t1 t 2 ) )

Answer: (D)

Exp:

f ()

E [ x(t1 )x(t 2 ) ] =

1

2

1

.d

2

1 2

1 2

sin(2(t1 + t 2 ) + 2)d +

cos(2(t1 t 2 )d

=

2 0

2 0

= 2 sin ( 2t1 + ) sin ( 2t 2 + ).

0

Second integral result into cos {2(t1 t 2 )}

E [ X(t1 )X(t 2 )] = cos ( 2(t1 t 2 )

51.

Let Q

( )

be the BER of a BPSK system over an AWGN channel with two-sided noise

power spectral density N0/2. The parameter is a function of bit energy and noise power

spectral density.

A system with tow independent and identical AWGN channels with noise power spectral

density N0/2 is shown in the figure. The BPSK demodulator receives the sum of outputs of

both the channels.

AWGN

Channel1

0 /1

BPSK

Modulator

0 /1

BPSK

Demodulator

AWGN

Channel 2

Answer: 1.414

Exp:

2E

E

Bit error rate for BPSK = Q

. Q

NO N O

2

Y=

2E

NO

27

EC-GATE-2014 PAPER-01|

2 ( t )

NO

2

Channel is A WGN which implies noise sample as independent

1 ( t )

Let 2x + n1 + n 2 = x1 + n1

where x1 = 2x

+

n = n1 + n 2

1

2E

Now Bit error rate = Q

N O1

x + n1

x

noise in channel 1

2x + n1 + n2

x + n2

E1 is energy in x1

noise in channel 2

N O1 is PSD of h1

E1 = 4E [as amplitudes are getting doubled]

4E

2E

= Q 2

Bit error rate = Q

b = 2 or 1.414

N

N

O

O

52.

A fair coin is tossed repeatedly until a Head appears for the first time. Let L be the number

of tosses to get this first Head. The entropy H(L) in bits is _________.

Answer: 2

Exp:

L can be 1, 2,..............

P {L = 1} =

1

2

P {L = 2} =

1

4

P {L = 3} =

1

8

1

1 1

1 1

1

1

1

1

H {L} = log 2

+ lg o 2

+ log 2

+ ......... = 0 + 1. + 2. + 3. + .........

1

1

1

2

4

8

2

4

8

2

4

8

[ Arithmatic gemometric series summation]

=

1 .1

2

2

+

=2

2

1 1

1

2 1

2

28

EC-GATE-2014 PAPER-01|

53.

100

and

sin cos ( t r ) a V / m

r

0.265

H=

sin cos ( t r ) a A / m

r

represent the electric and magnetic field components of the EM wave of large distances r

from a dipole antenna, in free space. The average power (W) crossing the hemispherical shell

located at r = 1km,0 / 2 is _______

E=

Answer: 55.5

Exp:

100

sin e Jr

r

E =

0.265

sin e Jr

r

1

Pavg = E H*Q .ds

2 s

1 100 ( 0.265 ) 2 2

sin r sin d d

=

2 s

r2

1

Pavt = ( 26.5 ) sin 2 d d

2 s

HQ =

=13.25

sin 3 d

= 0

Q=0

( 3 ) ( 2 )

d = 13.25. 2

P = 55.5 w

54.

For a parallel plate transmission line, let v be the speed of propagation and Z be the

characteristic impedance. Neglecting fringe effects, a reduction of the spacing between the

plates by a factor of two results in

(A) halving of v and no change in Z

(B) no change in v and halving of Z

(C) no change in both v and Z

(D) halving of both v and Z

Answer: (B)

Exp:

276

d

log

r

r

Zo =

so, zo changes, if the spacing between the plates changes.

V=

1

LC

29

EC-GATE-2014 PAPER-01|

55.

8

impedance 50 is found to be real when the other end is terminated by a load

Answer: 40

Exp:

Given, =

s

Zo = 50

Zin

Z + JZo

= Zo L

Zo + KZL

Z + J50

Z L + J50 50 JZ L

= 50 L

= 50

50 + JZ L

50 + JZL 50 JZ L

Zin =

Zin = 50

502 + Z2L

Given , Zin Re al

So, I mg ( Zin ) = 0

502 Z2L = 0

Z2L = 502

R 2 + X 2 = 502

R = 40

30

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