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You are on page 1of 10

DEPARTMENT

DJJ 2093 FLUID MECHANICS

SESI DIS 2014

TEST 1

Name

: __________________________________________

Registration No

: __________________________________________

Class

: __________________________________________

Duration

: 1 Hour

Date

Instruction

DJJ 2093-FLUID MECHANICS

Mark

100

QUESTION 1

a) Define the following terms;

i.

Fluid

ii.

Mass density

(4 marks)

b) Identify the type of pressure represented at (i) and (ii) in Figure 1. Then,

define both pressures.

(i)

(ii)

(a)

(a)

Figure 1

(6 marks)

101.32 kN/m2 and the absolute pressure is 655.9 kN/m2. Your answer

must be in kN/m2, N/m2 and bar.

(5 marks)

d) A glass bottle with the volume of 250 cm3 is filled with a fluid that has a

relative density of 1.24. The glass bottle that is full of the fluid weighs 525

g and it has a density of 2110 kg/m3. Calculate;

i.

ii.

The volume of the glass bottle

DJJ 2093-FLUID MECHANICS

(10 marks)

QUESTION 2

a) Explain with a diagram the working principle of a hydraulic jack.

(5 marks)

b) A hydraulic jack is used for lifting a vehicle weighting 2000kg which is

located on the large piston. If the diameter of a small piston is 100mm

and the large piston is 150mm. Calculate the required force;

i.

(6

marks)

ii. If the small piston is 5m above the larger piston

(Given water =1000kg/m3)

(6 marks)

difference in two pipes. If the pressure difference between A and B is

5.4kN/m2, d=11cm, e=23cm and f=5cm, calculate the relative density of the

oil.

DJJ 2093-FLUID MECHANICS

Oil

d

B

e

f

P

Figure 2

Q

Mercury

(8 marks)

***** End Of Questions*****

a) Define the following terms;

i.

Fluid

A substance that continually deforms under shear stress

(2m)

ii.

Mass density

Mass over volume.

m

kg

, unit= 3

v

m

(2m)

(Total = 4 marks)

b) Identify the type of pressure represented at (a) and (b) in Figure 1. Then,

define both pressures.

DJJ 2093-FLUID MECHANICS

(i)

(a)

(ii)

(a)

Figure 1

(i) Atmospheric pressure (1m)

The atmospheric pressure is the pressure that an area

experiences due to

the force exerted by the atmosphere.

(2m)

(ii) Absolute pressure (1m)

zero referenced against a perfect vacuum, so it is equal to

gauge pressure plus atmospheric pressure.

Absolute pressure = Gauge pressure + Atmospheric pressure

pabsolute = pgauge + patm (2m)

(Total = 6 marks)

c) Determine the pressure of air in a cylinder if the atmospheric pressure is

101.32 kN/m2 and the absolute pressure is 655.9 kN/m2. Your answer

must be in kN/m2, N/m2 and bar.

Pcylinder = Pabsolute - Patm

(1m)

3

3

Pcylinder = 655.9 x 10 - 101.32 x 10 (1m)

Pcylinder = 554.58 x 103 N/m2

(1m)

2

Pcylinder = 554.58 kN/m

(1m)

Pcylinder = 5.55 bar

(1m)

(Total

= 5 marks)

d) A glass bottle with the volume of 250 cm3 is filled with a fluid that has a

relative density of 1.24. The glass bottle that is full of the fluid weighs 525

g and it has a density of 2110 kg/m3. Calculate;

i.

mglass bottle+fluid = m glass bottle + mfluid

m glass bottle = mglass bottle+fluid - mfluid

(1m)

DJJ 2093-FLUID MECHANICS

Given

v fluid=250 cm

1 m3

( 100 )3 cm3

v fluid=2.5 104 m3

(1m)

fluid = 1.24 (1000) = 1240 kg/m3

mfluid

v fluid

mfluid= fluid v fluid

2.5 10

( 4)

mfluid=1240

mfluid =0.31 kg

fluid =

m glass bottle = 0.525 0.31

m glass bottle = 0.215 kg

ii.

(1m)

(1m)

(1m)

(2m)

m glass bottle

v glass bottle

m

v glass bottle= glass bottle

glass bottle

0.215

v glass bottle=

2110

v glass bottle=1.019 m 3

glass bottle =

(Total = 10 marks)

(1m)

(2m)

DJJ 2093-FLUID MECHANICS

A1

A2

P1

P2

(1 mark)

2. Force from liquid flow into the large cylinder thus raising the piston

supporting the load W

(1 mark)

3. The force, F acting on area A1 produces a pressure, P1

(1 mark)

4. The pressure is transmitted equally in all direction through the liquid

(2 marks)

located on the large piston. If the diameter of a small piston is 100mm and

the large piston is 150mm. Calculate the required force;

m = 2000kg

d1 = 100mm

d2 = 150mm

F=?

W = mg = 2000 X 9.81 = 19620N

1=

d 2

4

2=

d 2

4

1 mark

DJJ 2093-FLUID MECHANICS

= (0.15)2/4 = 0.0177m2

i.

P1 = P2

F/A1 = W/A2

1 mark

F = (19620/0.0177) X 7.855X10-3

2 mark

= 8707.07N/m2 or 8.71kN/m2

2 mark

(Given water =1000kg/m3)

P1 = F/A1

P2 = W/A2

1 mark

P2 = P1 + gh

W/A2 = F/A1 + gh

1 mark

DJJ 2093-FLUID MECHANICS

F = (W/A2 gh) A1

= [(19620/0.0177) (1000 X 9.81 X 5)] X 7.855X10-3

= 8321.78N/m2 or 8.32kN/m2

2 mark

difference in two pipes. If the pressure difference between A and B is

5.4kN/m2, d=11cm, e=23cm and f=5cm, calculate the relative density of the

oil. (Given Smercury = 13.6)

(8 marks)

Oil

d

B

e

f

P

Figure 2

Mercury

PA PB = 5.4kN/m2

d = 11cm = 0.11m

e = 23cm = 0.23m

f = 5cm = 0.05m

SHg = 13.6

Since P and Q are at the same level in the same liquid at rest;

Pp = PQ

1 mark

2 mark

DJJ 2093-FLUID MECHANICS

10

PP = PA + oilge

1 mark

PQ = PB + oilg(e-d-f) + Hggf

1 mark

Since PP = PQ

PA + oilge = PB + oilg(e-d-f) + Hggf

PA PB = oilg(e-d-f) + Hggf - oilge

5.4 X 103 = oil (9.81)(0.23 0.11- 0.05) + (13.6X103)(9.81)(0.05) - oil

(9.81)( 0.23)

5.4 X 103 = 0.6867oil + 6670.8 2.2563 oil

5.4 X 103 = 6670.8 1.5696 oil

oil = (6670.8 5400) 1.5696

= 809.63kg/m3

2 marks

So;

Soil = oil water

= 809.63 1000

= 0.809

2 marks

1 mark

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