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Poor Power Quality

Low Power Factor


Harmonics

Reactive
power

3 phase
imbalance

Reactive Power Harm


Low power factor, fined by
government.

Reduce distribution system


effective capacity, need to increase
system capacity.

Increase power cost, low efficiency,


increase power loss and equipment get
hot.

Generate voltage drop caused by


reactive current, equipment is
derated.
Ap Active power P=100kW
pa
re
1
nt
Reactive power
Po
w
Q=100kvar
er
S=
14
1k
VA
Power Factor Cos 1=100/141=70%

141-105= 0.35
105

Active power P=100kW


2
Reactive powe

App
aren
t

Q=32kvar

Pow
er S
=10
5kV

Power Factor Cos 2=100/105=95%

When active power is same 100kW,


Power grid needs to supply 35% more
current for power factor 0.7 than 0.95

Industry Typical Power Factor


Industry

Power factor before compensation %

Chemical industry

65-75

Coal mine industry

65-80

Electroplating industry

65-70

Foundry industry

75-80

Forging industry

70-80

Medical industry

75-80

Machinery production

60-65

Commercial building

80-90

Oil drilling

40-60

Papermaking industry

55-65

Steelworks

65-80

Plastics industry

75-80

Textile industry

65-75

Reactive Power Compensation

SVG
Static Var Generator

PF COS=1.00
Benefit after reactive
power compensation
Avoid low power factor fine

Reduce power cost, increase efficienc


Reduce power consumption by reactive power
Release system capacity occupied by reactive

SVG Working Principle


S
P

S
P

Reactive power
compensation: the
reactive power is
supplied by reactive
power compensation
equipment to replace
supplied by power
grid or transformer

Grid
Transformer
Breaker

Reactive power
compensation

Load bus

PF0.99 compensation effect through SVG


j

j
U

voltage
current

compensated current

Power
grid

Inductive
load

Power environment with


inductive reactive power

SVG capacitive mode

j
U

SVG

Advantages of SVG

SVG

SVC

Resonance

Resonance

Big

Small

Compensation capa.
< installation capa.

Compensation capa
=installation capa.

SVG advantages
More stable running
Longer lifespan
Faster response
Wider running range
More stable capacity
More smooth adjustment
Lower harmonics
More stable system voltage

Selling Points

NO. 1

Compensation
speed fast to 20ms

SVG

Fast response
Dynamic
compensation

SVG fast response time

<50us, total response time <15ms

SVG power factor compensation could follow load quick and


big change because of DSP fast and accurate arithmetic ability
and IGBT fast switching performance.

SVC

Under compensated

Over compensated

Traditional capacitor
could not respond load
change timely, over
compensation or under
compensation happen.

Selling Points

NO. 2

Power factor
up to 1

SVG
SVG generate equal value,
opposite direction
compensation current with
reactive power current.

If the compensation
current direction is
reversed, it is same as
reactive power current.

SVG could monitor reactive power change of load, and generate


equal value, opposite direction compensation current, realize PF0.99
accurate compensation effect.
SVG could compensate inductive and capacitive reactive power.

SVC

Traditional capacitor is
step compensation,
could not realize
accurate compensation.
Normally used for
condition with stable
reactive power change,
low dynamic

Selling Points

NO. 3

Modular
structure

SVG

Module type 50kvar/100kvar, rack


or wall mounted type, easy to install.

Free parallel, easy to increase


compensation capacity.

SVC
Free parallel connection to get
flexible capacity
N+1 redundancy, high reliability
Module independent running, no
effect to other modules in case of
problem.
Production line manufacturing
ensures good quality
Inductive, capacitive reactive
power compensation adjustable
Compact, light weight
Easy to maintain
Easy to install
Easy to move

Installation is fixed, difficult


to install or change onsite.
Difficult to expand on old
cabinet.

Selling Points

NO. 4

High Stability

Compensation effect safe and stable


SVG is active compensation facility, avoid resonance
from working principle, ensure safe and stable.

Compensation capacity stable


SVG is active compensation facility, not be affected
by system voltage fall, keep stable output capacity.
Compensation capacity is installation capacity.

System voltage stable

SVG is active compensation facility, without over


compensation or under compensation, ensure
system voltage constant.

SVG Technical Parameters


400V SVG

480V SVG

690V SVG

50/100kvar

65/130/195/260kvar

90/180/270/360kvar

400V

480V

690V

Input voltage range

-40% ~ +20%

-20% ~ +20%

-30% ~ +15%

Electric network

3 ph 3 line, 3 phase 4 line

3 ph 3 line

3 ph 3 line

Module capacity

50kvar, 100kvar

65kvar

90kvar

Picture

Typical type
Rated input AC line
voltage

Efficiency

>97%

Parallel connection

No limit

quantity
Fast response time

15ms

20ms

Target power factor

-1 to 1 adjustable

Cooling method

Intelligent forced air cooling

Noise/module

<65dB

Communication interface

Rs485, CAN, internet interface

Communication protocol

Modbus

Monitor

Module monitoring, central monitoring optional

Installation
Elevation

Wall type/rack type/cabinet

Cabinet

<1500m, power rating reduced at 1500-4000m