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# I.

Objectives:
1. Classify materials in terms of elasticity.
2. Determine the force constant spring.
3. Demonstrate fatigue.
II. Materials:
Balls made up of different materials
Spring

Clamp
Meter Stick

Iron Stand

Paper Clip

III. Procedure:
Refer to SAS
IV: Data and Results:
A.
Ball
Marble
Jackstone
Pingpong
Golf

Height 1 (cm)
36
68
70
83

Height 2 (cm)
57
73
70
80

Height 3 (cm)
67
73
70
82

Some of our results agree to the ordinary meaning of elasticity.
Because like the pingpong ball when we drop it first until a series of dropping
it, it’s height remains the same. Also with the golf ball and jackstone, after a
series of dropping it, it is near to its original height and the difference is not
big. While the marble after a series of dropping, it increases its height and
has a big difference to its first height.

B. Applied Force and Elongation of Spring

Mass (g)
Force (N)
Elongatio
n (m)

30
0.29
(0.30)
0.027

40
0.39
(0.40)
0.036

50
0.49
(0.50)
0.045

60
0.59
(0.60)
0.054

70
0.69
(0.70)
0.063

80
0.79
(0.80)
0.072

Conclusion: A. Eventually a crack will reach a critical size. the closer the ball rebounds to its original height. and the structure will suddenly fracture. VI. B. square holes or sharp corners will lead to elevated local stresses where fatigue cracks can initiate. microscopic cracks will begin to form at the surface. 2. The magnitude of stretching or compressing the spring depends on the force applied or weight of the object. Fatigue occurs when a material is subjected to repeated loading and unloading. It simply means that the magnitude of stretching or compressing the spring is proportional to the force applied or weight of the object. the elongation also increases. or volume when the force that deformed it is removed. Round holes and smooth transitions or fillets are therefore important to increase the fatigue strength of the structure. For constant of the spring is the force needed to produce a unit elongation of the spring. The more elastic the material.V. Also it is the ability to regain its original size. If the loads are above a certain threshold. Bigger force constant means that spring is not easily elongated or compressed. form. Post laboratory Questions and Answers: 1. . Elasticity is the ability of a body to undergo temporary change. If the force is increased. It has a unit of n/m. Force constant is a measure of the stiffness of the spring. The shape of the structure will significantly affect the fatigue life.

01225 0. Data and Results: A. Relation between the Density of a liquid and Buoyant Force Weight in air W1 (N) = 8g = 0.I.677 0.008kg 0.0784 0.8m/s2) = 00784N Density of liquid p (g/cc) Initial reading of gc V1 (cc) Initial reading of gc V2 (cc) Volume of liquid displaced VL (cc) Mass of liquid displaced ML (g) Weight of liquid displaced WL (N) Weight of object Water 100 Alcohol 100 Oil 129 0.075 0.3 1.013 0.0925 0.001274 0.013 1.0125 0. Verify the Archimedes Principle. Materials: Graduated cylinder (100 mL or 250 mL capacity) Cooking oil and water Metal Object Plastic Toy Boat Spring Balance Basin Alcohol Salt III.25 1. Determine the relation between the density of liquid and buoyancy.08 0.062 0.093 0. II. 2.0784 . Procedure: Refer to SAS IV.0784 0.01644 0.08 0.008kg(9. Objectives: 1.

9m/s2) = 0.093cc . Water line was higher when the plastic toy boat was placed on tap water than salty water.3g ML = WL = ML(g) Water: WL = 0.0925cc – 0.08cc = 0.013cc) = 1.013cc) = 1. 2.0125cc VL = 0.013cc Oil: VL = 0.01274N Oil: WL = 0. Salty water is denser than tap water.0016777kg(p.01225N 0.00125kg(9.in liquid W2 (N) Loss of weight of object in liquid W (N) Percentage Difference B.V1 Water: Alcohol: VL = 0.08cc = 0.075cc VL .25g 129g/cc(0.0.8m/s2) = 0.01644N Alcohol: WL = 0.0013kg(9.062cc = 0.677g Oil: ML = 100g/cc(0. V. Sample Computations: VL = V2 .0125cc) = 1.013 M L = p VL Water: Alcohol: ML = 100g/cc(0. Observation: 0 0 0 1.8m/s2) = .0.

. VII. The object will sink If the density of the object is lesser to the density of the liquid.784N – 0.0784N = 0 W= VI. The object will partially submerged.0784N = 0 Alcohol: Oil: W = 0.0784N = 0 0.W = W1 – W2 Water: W = 0. Because of the salt in the sea it is easier to swim in the sea. buoyant force is less than its weight. If the object is less dense than the liquid. 2.784N – 0. The sea also has currents. The salt helps make the body more buoyant and helps make it easier to swim. Conclusion: If the density of the object is equal to the density of the liquid. The object will float.784N – 0. buoyant force is greater than its weight. both strong and weak that helps push the body along so you do not have to use as much physical energy to propell yourself. If the density of the object is greater to the density of the liquid. buoyant force is equal to the weight of the object. Post-Laboratory Questions and Answers: 1. the object will partially submerged.