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You are on page 1of 5

Objectives:

1. Classify materials in terms of elasticity.

2. Determine the force constant spring.

3. Demonstrate fatigue.

II. Materials:

Balls made up of different materials

Spring

Clamp

Meter Stick

Iron Stand

Paper Clip

III. Procedure:

Refer to SAS

IV: Data and Results:

A.

Ball

Marble

Jackstone

Pingpong

Golf

Height 1 (cm)

36

68

70

83

Height 2 (cm)

57

73

70

80

Height 3 (cm)

67

73

70

82

Because like the pingpong ball when we drop it first until a series of dropping

it, its height remains the same. Also with the golf ball and jackstone, after a

series of dropping it, it is near to its original height and the difference is not

big. While the marble after a series of dropping, it increases its height and

has a big difference to its first height.

Mass (g)

Force (N)

Elongatio

n (m)

30

0.29

(0.30)

0.027

40

0.39

(0.40)

0.036

50

0.49

(0.50)

0.045

60

0.59

(0.60)

0.054

70

0.69

(0.70)

0.063

80

0.79

(0.80)

0.072

1. For constant of the spring is the force needed to produce a unit

elongation of the spring. It has a unit of n/m. Force constant is a measure of

the stiffness of the spring. Bigger force constant means that spring is not

easily elongated or compressed.

2. Fatigue occurs when a material is subjected to repeated loading and

unloading. If the loads are above a certain threshold, microscopic cracks will

begin to form at the surface. Eventually a crack will reach a critical size, and

the structure will suddenly fracture. The shape of the structure will

significantly affect the fatigue life; square holes or sharp corners will lead to

elevated local stresses where fatigue cracks can initiate. Round holes and

smooth transitions or fillets are therefore important to increase the fatigue

strength of the structure.

VI. Conclusion:

A.

Elasticity is the ability of a body to undergo temporary change. Also it

is the ability to regain its original size, form, or volume when the force that

deformed it is removed. The more elastic the material, the closer the ball

rebounds to its original height.

B.

The magnitude of stretching or compressing the spring depends on the

force applied or weight of the object. If the force is increased, the elongation

also increases. It simply means that the magnitude of stretching or

compressing the spring is proportional to the force applied or weight of the

object.

I. Objectives:

1. Verify the Archimedes Principle.

2. Determine the relation between the density of liquid and buoyancy.

II. Materials:

Graduated cylinder (100 mL or 250 mL capacity)

water

Metal Object

Spring Balance

Basin

Alcohol

Salt

III. Procedure:

Refer to SAS

IV. Data and Results:

A. Relation between the Density of a liquid and Buoyant Force

Weight in air W1 (N) = 8g = 0.008kg

0.008kg(9.8m/s2) = 00784N

Density of liquid

p (g/cc)

Initial reading of

gc V1 (cc)

Initial reading of

gc V2 (cc)

Volume of liquid

displaced VL (cc)

Mass of liquid

displaced ML (g)

Weight of liquid

displaced WL (N)

Weight of object

Water

100

Alcohol

100

Oil

129

0.08

0.08

0.062

0.0925

0.093

0.075

0.0125

0.013

0.013

1.25

1.3

1.677

0.01225

0.001274

0.01644

0.0784

0.0784

0.0784

in liquid W2 (N)

Loss of weight of

object in liquid W

(N)

Percentage

Difference

B. Observation:

1. Water line was higher when the plastic toy boat was placed on tap

water than salty water.

2. Salty water is denser than tap water.

V. Sample Computations:

VL = V2 - V1

Water:

Alcohol:

Oil:

VL = 0.075cc VL - 0.062cc = 0.013

M L = p VL

Water:

Alcohol:

ML = 100g/cc(0.0125cc) = 1.25g

129g/cc(0.013cc) = 1.677g

Oil:

ML = 100g/cc(0.013cc) = 1.3g ML =

WL = ML(g)

Water:

WL = 0.00125kg(9.9m/s2) = 0.01225N

0.01274N

Oil:

WL = 0.0016777kg(p.8m/s2) = 0.01644N

Alcohol:

WL = 0.0013kg(9,8m/s2) =

W = W1 W2

Water:

W = 0.784N 0.0784N = 0

0.784N 0.0784N = 0

Alcohol:

Oil:

W = 0.784N 0.0784N = 0

W=

1. If the object is less dense than the liquid, the object will partially

submerged.

2. Because of the salt in the sea it is easier to swim in the sea. The salt helps

make the body more buoyant and helps make it easier to swim. The sea also has

currents, both strong and weak that helps push the body along so you do not have

to use as much physical energy to propell yourself.

VII. Conclusion:

If the density of the object is equal to the density of the liquid, buoyant force

is equal to the weight of the object. The object will float.

If the density of the object is greater to the density of the liquid, buoyant

force is less than its weight. The object will sink

If the density of the object is lesser to the density of the liquid, buoyant force

is greater than its weight. The object will partially submerged.

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