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BP Statistical Review

of World Energy
June 2015
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Introduction
1 Group chief executives introduction
2 2014 in review

Oil
6 Reserves
8 Production and consumption
15 Prices
16 Refining
18 Trade movements

Natural gas
20 Reserves
22 Production and consumption
27 Prices
28 Trade movements

Coal
30 Reserves and prices
32 Production and consumption

Nuclear energy
35 Consumption

Hydroelectricity
36 Consumption

Renewable energy
38 Other renewables consumption
39 Biofuels production

Primary energy
40 Consumption
41 Consumption by fuel

Appendices
44 Approximate conversion factors
44 Definitions
45 More information

64th edition

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Disclaimer
The data series for proved oil and gas reserves in BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2015 does not
necessarily meet the definitions, guidelines and practices used for determining proved reserves at company
level, for instance, as published by the US Securities and Exchange Commission, nor does it necessarily
represent BPs view of proved reserves by country. Rather, the data series has been compiled using a
combination of primary official sources and third-party data.

Group chief executives introduction


Energy in 2014 A year of change in the energy landscape.

Welcome to the BP Statistical Review of World


Energy. This 64th edition records the data for
2014, a remarkable year in the world of energy.
The eerie calm that had characterized energy
markets in the few years prior to 2014 came to
an abrupt end last year. However, we should not
be surprised or alarmed. Indeed, to someone
who has worked in the energy business for
over 30 years, the volatility and uncertainty that
characterized 2014 felt like a return to more
normal conditions.
But neither should the events of 2014 be
dismissed as just another bout of cyclical
instability. Rather, they may well come to be
viewed as symptomatic of a broader shifting
in some of the tectonic plates that make
up the energy landscape, with significant
developments in both the supply of energy and
its demand. Those developments had profound
implications for prices, for the fuel mix, and for
carbon emissions.
To understand those developments and consider
their likely implications, we need timely and
reliable data: that is where BPs Statistical Review
comes in with its mission to provide objective,
global data to inform discussion, debate and
decision-making. This record of the global energy
picture in 2014, together with the historical data,
helps us understand how the world around us is
changing and what that might bode for the future.
The most significant development on the supply
side in 2014 was undoubtedly the continuing
revolution in US shale. The US recorded the
largest increase in oil production in the world,
becoming the first country ever to increase
average annual production by at least 1 million
barrels per day for three consecutive years. The
US replaced Saudi Arabia as the worlds largest
oil producer a prospect unthinkable a decade
ago. The growth in US shale gas in recent years
has been just as startling, with the US overtaking
Russia as the worlds largest producer of
oil and gas.
The developments on the demand side
were no less striking as the growth in energy
demand slowed sharply. Global primary energy
consumption increased by just 0.9% in 2014,
its slowest rate of growth since the late 1990s,
other than immediately after the financial crisis.
This slowing was driven in part by the rebalancing
of the Chinese economy away from energy
intensive sectors causing the growth of energy
consumption in China to slow to its lowest rate
since 1998. Even so, China remained the worlds
largest growth market for energy.

to have been largely driven by the strength of


supply as non-OPEC production grew by a record
amount and OPEC maintained its production
levels in order to protect its market share.
These developments also had important
implications for the fuel mix. The slowing pace
of Chinese industrialization caused the growth
in Chinese coal consumption to stall and the
growth in global consumption of coal to be
unusually weak. Global growth in natural gas
was also weak, held back by the mild European
winter triggering a sharp fall in European gas
consumption. Renewables were again the fastest
growing form of energy and, in a year when
global consumption growth slowed sharply, they
accounted for one-third of the increase in total
primary energy use. Renewables provided around
3% of the worlds energy needs.
The deceleration in global energy demand and
shift in the fuel mix had a marked impact on
carbon emissions. Our calculations suggest that
global CO2 emissions from energy use grew
by just 0.5% in 2014, the weakest since 1998,
other than in the immediate aftermath of the
financial crisis.
So it was a year of great change and our task as
an industry is to respond in such a way as to meet
todays challenges while continuing to invest to
meet tomorrows demand, safely and sustainably.
In BP we are responding by exerting discipline
over capital and costs, driving the efficient
use of energy in our operations and products.
At the same time we are forging ahead with
investments that will deliver energy to customers
and value to shareholders over the long term.
These choices involve fine judgements that can
be more confidently made when based on the
kind of solid data and analysis provided by this
Review. I hope you will find it a useful resource
in your own work.
Let me conclude by thanking BPs economics
team, led by our chief economist, Spencer Dale,
and all those around the world who helped
us prepare this Review in particular those
in governments who have contributed their
official data.

Bob Dudley
Group chief executive
June 2015

As we have seen, these shifts in supply and


demand had major effects on energy prices,
particularly oil prices. The fall in oil prices looks

2014 in review
Global primary energy consumption decelerated sharply
in 2014, even though global economic growth was
similar to 2013.

The Oriental Pearl TV and radio tower lights


up the Shanghai sky at night.
Mumbai, the capital of the Indian state of
Maharashtra, is one of the largest and most
densely populated cities in the world.

Consumption increased for all fuels, reaching


record levels for every fuel type except nuclear
power; production increased for all fuels except
coal. For oil and natural gas, global consumption
growth was weaker than production. The data
suggest that global CO2 emissions from energy
grew at their slowest rate since 1998, other than
in the immediate aftermath of the financial crisis.
Emerging economies accounted for all of the net
growth in energy consumption, as they have on
average over the past decade, although growth
in these countries was well below its 10-year
average. Chinese consumption growth was
the slowest since 1998, yet China still recorded
the worlds largest increment in primary energy
consumption for the fourteenth consecutive year.
OECD consumption experienced a larger than
average decline, with weakness in the EU and
Japan offsetting above average growth in the US.
Energy consumption in the EU fell to its lowest
level since 1985.
Energy price developments in 2014 were
generally weak, with oil and coal prices falling
globally. Gas prices fell in Europe, were relatively
flat in Asia, and rose in North America. The
annual average price for Brent, the international
crude oil benchmark, declined reflecting a sharp
fall in prices in the second half of the year. The
differential between Brent and the US benchmark
West Texas Intermediate (WTI) narrowed but
remained elevated relative to past levels. As
with crude oil prices, differentials between

+0.9%
Growth in global primary energy
consumption, the weakest since 2009.

North American and international gas prices


generally narrowed but remained wider than
historical levels.

Energy developments

Global primary energy consumption increased


by just 0.9% in 2014, a marked deceleration
over 2013 (+2.0%) and well below the 10-year
average of 2.1%. Growth in 2014 slowed for
every fuel other than nuclear power, which was
also the only fuel to grow at an above-average
rate. Growth was significantly below the 10-year
average for Asia Pacific, Europe & Eurasia, and
South & Central America. Oil remained the
worlds leading fuel, with 32.6% of global energy
consumption, but lost market share for the
fifteenth consecutive year.
Although emerging economies continued
to dominate the growth in global energy
consumption, growth in these countries (+2.4%)
was well below its 10-year average of 4.2%.
China (+2.6%) and India (+7.1%) recorded the
largest national increments to global energy
consumption. OECD consumption fell by 0.9%,
which was a larger fall than the recent historical
average. A second consecutive year of robust US
growth (+1.2%) was more than offset by declines
in energy consumption in the EU (-3.9%) and
Japan (-3.0%). The fall in EU energy consumption
was the second-largest percentage decline on
record (exceeded only in the aftermath of the
financial crisis in 2009).

Oil

Newly constructed steam generators at Sunrise


in the Canadian oil sands of Northern Alberta help
to access the areas bitumen resources while
minimizing land disturbance.
A support vessel alongside the Na Kika oil
and natural gas production platform in the
US Gulf of Mexico.

Prices

Dated Brent averaged $98.95 per barrel in 2014,


a decline of $9.71 per barrel from the 2013 level
and the first annual average below $100 since
2010. Crude oil prices remained firm in early 2014
in the face of continued large supply disruptions,
but fell sharply later in the year due to strong
non-OPEC production growth combined with
weaker consumption growth (relative to 2013)
and OPECs November decision to defend market
share. The WTI Brent differential narrowed to
$5.66 per barrel despite continued robust US
production growth.

Consumption and production

Global oil consumption grew by 0.8 million


barrels per day (b/d), or 0.8% a little below
its recent historical average and significantly
weaker than the increase of 1.4 million b/d seen
in 2013. Countries outside the OECD once again
accounted for all of the net growth in global
consumption. OECD consumption declined
by 1.2%, the eighth decrease in the past nine
years. Chinese consumption growth was below
average but still recorded the largest increment
to global oil consumption (+390,000 b/d); Japan
recorded the largest decline (-220,000 b/d), with
Japanese oil consumption falling to its lowest
level since 1971. Light distillates were the fastestgrowing refined product category for a second
consecutive year.

+1.6m b/d
Growth of US oil production, making
it the worlds largest producer.

Global oil production growth was more than


double that of global consumption, rising by
2.1 million b/d or 2.3%. Production outside OPEC
grew by 2.1 million b/d, the largest increase in
our dataset. The US (+1.6 million b/d) recorded
the largest growth in the world, becoming
the first country ever to increase production

by at least 1 million b/d for three consecutive


years, and taking over from Saudi Arabia as the
worlds largest oil producer. Along with the US,
production in Canada (+310,000 b/d) and Brazil
(+230,000 b/d) also reached record levels in
2014. OPEC output was flat, and the groups
share of global production fell to 41%, its lowest
since 2003. Declines in Libya (-490,000 b/d) and
Angola (-90,000 b/d) were offset by gains in Iraq
(+140,000 b/d), Saudi Arabia (+110,000 b/d) and
Iran (+90,000 b/d).

Refining and trade

Global crude runs rose by 1.1 million b/d (+1.4%)


in 2014 the highest growth since 2010 and
more than double the 10-year average. Strong
growth in the US, China and the Middle East
outweighed declines in Europe and OECD
Asia Pacific. Refinery runs in the US rose by
530,000 b/d, the largest increase since 1986.
Global refining capacity expanded by an above
average 1.3 million b/d, led by additions in China
and the Middle East, with Middle Eastern
capacity expanding by a record 740,000 b/d.
Global refinery utilization remained at 79.6%,
its lowest rate since 1987.
Global trade of crude oil and refined products
in 2014 grew by a below average 0.9%, or
490,000 b/d. Import growth was driven by China
and other emerging economies, while US net
imports declined. China replaced the US as the
worlds largest net oil importer in 2013. Gross
exports from North Africa declined by 17.1%, or
360,000 b/d, primarily due to lower Libyan crude
production, however this was outweighed by a
530,000 b/d increase in US (gross) exports as
rising refinery runs lifted product exports.

7.3m b/d
Reduction in US net oil imports
since 2005.

Natural gas

-11.6%
Decline in EU gas consumption,
its largest decline on record.

-3.4%
Decline in global gas trade.

Consumption and production

World natural gas consumption grew by just


0.4%, well below the 10-year average of 2.4%.
Growth was below average in both the OECD
and emerging economies, with consumption in
the EU (-11.6%) experiencing its largest
volumetric and percentage declines on record.
The Europe & Eurasia region (-4.8%) had the five
largest volumetric declines in the world in
Germany, Italy, the Ukraine, France and the UK.
The US (+2.9%), China (+8.6%) and Iran (+6.8%)
recorded the largest growth increments. Globally,
natural gas accounted for 23.7% of primary
energy consumption.
Global natural gas production grew by 1.6%,
below its 10-year average of 2.5%. Growth was
below average in all regions except North
America. EU production fell sharply (-9.8%) to its
lowest level since 1971. The US (+6.1%) recorded
the worlds largest increase, accounting for 77%
of net global growth. The largest volumetric
declines were seen in Russia (-4.3%) and the
Netherlands (-18.7%).

Drilling for gas at the East Texas basin, one


of North Americas most prolific oil and gas
production areas.
Pipelines at the Durango gas field, located
in the San Juan Basin of Colorado.

Trade

Global natural gas trade registered a rare


contraction in 2014, falling by 3.4%. Pipeline
shipments declined by 6.2%, the largest decline
on record, driven by falls in net pipeline exports
from Russia (-11.8%) and the Netherlands
(-29.9%). The UK (-28.2%), Germany (-10.1%) and
the Ukraine (-29.9%) all reduced their net pipeline
imports markedly. Global LNG trade increased by
2.4%. Higher imports by China (+10.8%) and the
UK (+20.1%) were partly offset by declines in
South Korea (-6.0%) and Spain (-15.7%).
International natural gas trade accounted for
29.4% of global consumption; LNGs share of
global gas trade rose to 33.4%.

Other fuels

Harvesting sugar cane for biofuels in


Ituiutaba, Brazil.
Above the Gudbrandsdalslgen river the
280 metre dam serves the Hunderfossen
hydroelectric power station.

+0.4%
Growth in global coal consumption.

4.4%
The share of nuclear power in the
worlds primary energy mix.

6.0%
Share of global power generation
met by renewables.

Coal

Global coal consumption grew by 0.4% in 2014,


well below the 10-year average annual growth
of 2.9%.
Coals share of global primary energy
consumption fell to 30.0%. Consumption outside
the OECD grew by 1.1%, the weakest growth
since 1998, driven by a flattening of Chinese
consumption (+0.1%). Ukraine (-20.2%) and the
UK (-20.3%) posted significant declines. India
(+11.1%) experienced its largest volumetric
increase on record, and the worlds largest
volumetric increase. OECD consumption fell by
1.5%, led by a 6.5% decline in the EU. Global coal
production fell by 0.7%, with large declines in
China (-2.6%, the worlds largest volumetric
decline) and Ukraine (-29.0%) more than
offsetting large increases in India (+6.4%) and
Australia (+4.7%).

Nuclear and hydroelectric

Global nuclear output grew by an above-average


1.8%, the second consecutive annual increase,
and the first time nuclear power has gained global
market share since 2009. Increases in South
Korea, China and France outpaced declines in
Japan, Belgium and the UK. Japanese nuclear
power output ceased in 2014 as the countrys
last operating reactor was taken off line.
Global hydroelectric output grew by a below
average 2.0%. Growth in the Asia Pacific region
offset drought-driven declines in the Western

In detail
Additional information including
historical time series for the fuels
reported in this review; further detail on
renewable forms of energy; electricity
generation; and CO2 emissions from
energy use is available at
bp.com/statisticalreview

Hemisphere and Europe & Eurasia. Chinese


hydroelectric output grew by 15.7% and
accounted for all of the net increase in global
output. Drought conditions reduced output
in Brazil by 5.5% and in Turkey by 32%.
Hydroelectric output accounted for a record
6.8% of global primary energy consumption.

Renewables

Renewable energy sources in power generation


as well as transport continued to increase in
2014, reaching a record 3.0% of global energy
consumption, up from 0.9% a decade ago.
Renewable energy used in power generation
grew by 12.0%. Although this increase was
below its 10-year average, it meant that
renewables accounted for a record 6.0% of global
power generation. China recorded the largest
increment in renewables in power generation for
a fifth consecutive year; growth last year (+15.1%)
was one-third the 10-year average. Globally, wind
energy (+10.2%, +14.8 million tonnes of oil
equivalent, mtoe) grew by less than half of its
10-year average, with below average growth in
all regions except Africa and South & Central
America (which combined accounted for less
than 4% of global output). Solar power generation
grew by 38.2% (+11.6 mtoe). Global biofuels
production grew by a below-average 7.4%
(+4.9 mtoe), driven by increases in the US
(+5.6%), Brazil (+5.5%), Indonesia (+40.4%)
and Argentina (+30.9%).

Acknowledgements
We would like to express our sincere gratitude to the many contacts worldwide who provide
the publicly available data for this publication, and to the researchers at the Centre for Energy
Economics Research and Policy, Heriot-Watt University who assist in the data compilation.

Oil
Total proved reserves

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Azerbaijan
Denmark
Italy
Kazakhstan
Norway
Romania
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Iraq
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Yemen
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Angola
Chad
Rep. of Congo (Brazzaville)
Egypt
Equatorial Guinea
Gabon
Libya
Nigeria
South Sudan
Sudan
Tunisia
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
OPEC
Non-OPEC
European Union#
Former Soviet Union
Canadian oil sands: Total
of which: Under active development
Venezuela: Orinoco Belt
*More than 100 years.
Less than 0.05.

At end 1994
Thousand
million
barrels

At end 2004
Thousand
million
barrels

At end 2013
Thousand
million
barrels

Thousand
million
tonnes

29.6
48.1
49.8
127.6
2.3
5.4
3.1
3.5
0.8
0.6
64.9
1.0
81.5
1.2
0.8
0.8
5.3
9.7
1.0
115.1
0.5
4.3
0.3
2.3
141.2
94.3
100.0
96.5
5.1
3.5
261.4
2.7
98.1
2.0
0.1
663.6
10.0
3.0

1.4
3.9
0.3
1.4
22.8
21.0

0.3
0.3
0.6
65.0
3.8
1.2
16.3
5.8
5.0
5.2
0.2
0.6
1.1
39.2
1118.0
148.4
969.5
778.9
216.0
8.0
123.1
41.3
3.6

29.3
179.6
14.8
223.7
2.5
11.2
1.5
5.1
1.1
0.8
79.7
1.5
103.4
7.0
1.3
0.5
9.0
9.7
0.5
105.5
0.5
4.0
0.6
2.2
140.8
132.7
115.0
101.5
5.6
26.9
264.3
3.2
97.8
3.0
0.1
750.1
11.8
9.0
0.9
1.5
3.6
1.8
2.2
39.1
35.9

0.6
0.7
0.6
107.6
3.9
1.1
15.5
5.6
4.3
5.2
0.5
3.1
1.5
40.6
1366.2
244.4
1121.8
918.8
324.1
7.3
123.3
174.0
10.4

48.5
172.9
11.1
232.5
2.3
15.6
2.4
8.2
1.6
0.8
298.3
0.5
329.8
7.0
0.7
0.6
30.0
7.0
0.6
105.0
0.6
3.0
0.6
2.0
157.2
157.8
150.0
101.5
5.0
25.1
265.9
2.5
97.8
3.0
0.3
808.7
12.2
12.7
1.5
1.6
3.9
1.7
2.0
48.4
37.1
3.5
1.5
0.4
3.7
130.1
4.0
1.1
18.5
5.7
3.7
3.8
0.5
4.4
1.1
42.7
1701.0
249.1
1451.9
1214.9
342.4
5.8
143.8
167.1
25.2
220.5

5.9
27.9
1.5
35.3
0.3
2.3
0.4
1.2
0.2
0.1
46.6
0.1
51.2
1.0
0.1
0.1
3.9
0.8
0.1
14.1
0.1
0.4
0.1
0.3
20.9
21.7
20.2
14.0
0.7
2.7
36.7
0.3
13.0
0.4

109.7
1.5
1.7
0.2
0.2
0.5
0.1
0.3
6.3
5.0
0.5
0.2
0.1
0.5
17.1
0.4
0.1
2.5
0.8
0.5
0.5
0.1
0.6
0.1
5.7
239.8
37.3
202.6
170.5
50.0
0.8
19.3
27.2
4.1
35.4

At end 2014
Thousand
million
Share
barrels
of total

48.5
172.9
11.1
232.5
2.3
16.2
2.4
8.0
1.6
0.8
298.3
0.5
330.2
7.0
0.6
0.6
30.0
6.5
0.6
103.2
0.6
3.0
0.6
2.0
154.8
157.8
150.0
101.5
5.2
25.7
267.0
2.5
97.8
3.0
0.2
810.7
12.2
12.7
1.5
1.6
3.6
1.1
2.0
48.4
37.1
3.5
1.5
0.4
3.7
129.2
4.0
1.1
18.5
5.7
3.7
3.8
0.5
4.4
1.1
42.7
1700.1
248.6
1451.5
1216.5
341.7
5.8
141.9
167.1
25.2
220.5

2.9%
10.2%
0.7%
13.7%
0.1%
1.0%
0.1%
0.5%
0.1%

17.5%

19.4%
0.4%

1.8%
0.4%

6.1%

0.2%

0.1%
9.1%
9.3%
8.8%
6.0%
0.3%
1.5%
15.7%
0.1%
5.8%
0.2%

47.7%
0.7%
0.7%
0.1%
0.1%
0.2%
0.1%
0.1%
2.8%
2.2%
0.2%
0.1%

0.2%
7.6%
0.2%
0.1%
1.1%
0.3%
0.2%
0.2%

0.3%
0.1%
2.5%
100.0%
14.6%
85.4%
71.6%
20.1%
0.3%
8.3%

R/P
ratio

11.4
*
10.9
34.0
10.1
18.9
6.8
39.4
40.2
20.3
*
9.6
*
22.6
10.0
14.5
48.3
9.5
19.4
26.1
6.9
9.8
24.3
14.0
24.7
*
*
89.0
15.0
35.5
63.6
*
72.2
56.7
3.1
77.8
21.9
20.3
52.4
15.6
13.8
10.7
23.2
*
43.0
60.3
37.7
22.1
40.0
42.8
24.3
23.8
11.9
17.6
11.9
15.4
2.8
33.0
10.9
14.1
52.5
30.3
60.1
91.1
24.5
11.2
28.2

Less than 0.05%.


Excludes Former Soviet Union.
#Excludes Estonia and Latvia in 1994.
Notes: Total proved reserves of oil Generally taken to be those quantities that geological and engineering information indicates with reasonable certainty can be recovered in the future from
known reservoirs under existing economic and operating conditions. The data series for proved oil reserves does not necessarily meet the definitions, guidelines and practices used for determining
proved reserves at company level, for instance as published by the US Securities and Exchange Commission, nor does it necessarily represent BPs view of proved reserves by country.
Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratio If the reserves remaining at the end of any year are divided by the production in that year, the result is the length of time that those remaining reserves
would last if production were to continue at that rate.
Source of data The estimates in this table have been compiled using a combination of primary official sources, third-party data from the OPEC Secretariat, World Oil, Oil & Gas Journal and
independent estimates of Russian reserves based on official data and Chinese reserves based on information in the public domain. Canadian oil sands under active development are an official
estimate. Venezuelan Orinoco Belt reserves are based on the OPEC Secretariat and government announcements.
Reserves include gas condensate and natural gas liquids (NGLs) as well as crude oil.
Shares of total and R/P ratios are calculated using thousand million barrels figures.

Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratios


Years

2014 by region

History
150

160

North America
S. & Cent. America
Europe & Eurasia
Middle East
Africa
Asia Pacific
World

120

140

120

100

90

80

60

60

40
30
20

North
America

S. & Cent.
America

Europe &
Eurasia

Middle
East

Africa

Asia
Pacific

84

89

94

99

04

09

14

Total world proved oil reserves reached 1700.1 billion barrels at the end of 2014, sufficient to meet 52.5 years of global production. The largest addition to reserves came
from Saudi Arabia, adding 1.1 billion barrels. The largest decline came from Russia, where reserves fell by 1.9 billion barrels. OPEC countries continue to hold the majority
ofthe worlds reserves, accounting for 71.6% of the global total. South & Central America continues to hold the highest R/P ratio, more than 100 years. Over the past
decade, global proved reserves have increased by 24%, or more than 330 billion barrels.

Distribution of proved reserves in 1994, 2004 and 2014


Percentage

Middle East
S. & Cent. America
North America
Europe & Eurasia
Africa
Asia Pacific

2.5

47.7

7.6

3.0

54.9
9.1

7.9

5.8

12.6

3.5 59.4

2004
Total 1366.2
thousand million
barrels

1994
Total 1118.0
thousand million
barrels

11.4

2014
Total 1700.1
thousand million
barrels

10.3

13.7

16.4
7.3
7.6

19.4

Production*
Thousand barrels daily

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Azerbaijan
Denmark
Italy
Kazakhstan
Norway
Romania
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Iraq
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Yemen
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Angola
Chad
Rep. of Congo (Brazzaville)
Egypt
Equatorial Guinea
Gabon
Libya
Nigeria
South Sudan
Sudan
Tunisia
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
OPEC
Non-OPEC
European Union
Former Soviet Union

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

7250
3080
3830
14160
868
1543
528
528
86
165
3305
144
7166
309
390
113
1248
3180
120
9335
194
2064
138
482
17572
4201
2030
2523
783
1082
10458
487
2836
424
48
24873
1921
1103
168
217
701
351
273
1623
2430

291
71
165
9313
582
210
3486
773
1130
776
241
424
233
7854
80938
20819
60119
34040
35521
2955
11378

6897
3041
3766
13704
839
1713
526
534
92
181
3308
146
7339
445
380
127
1294
2961
114
9598
193
1843
115
454
17524
4184
1833
2668
777
1149
10931
448
2922
421
185
25518
1990
1404
173
239
672
358
270
1745
2502

294
73
172
9891
580
206
3642
737
1096
757
297
389
284
7988
81963
19900
62063
35170
34994
2711
11799

6827
3208
3689
13724
838
1809
529
538
97
193
3336
140
7479
646
346
120
1368
2772
105
9818
187
1666
114
445
17587
4260
1999
2737
738
1241
10671
421
3099
387
182
25734
1979
1421
153
271
679
342
242
1816
2392

356
70
224
9945
542
221
3711
760
1018
713
325
355
303
7947
82417
19467
62949
35489
34645
2471
12283

6860
3290
3479
13629
813
1833
531
513
96
166
3230
139
7322
856
311
122
1413
2551
100
10044
199
1659
104
442
17799
4303
2143
2663
710
1279
10268
404
3001
341
194
25305
1992
1684
144
221
698
350
246
1820
2265

483
97
193
10194
559
194
3742
768
972
742
341
334
319
7970
82220
19149
63072
35161
34297
2425
12763

6784
3207
3165
13156
772
1899
588
507
99
174
3222
138
7398
895
287
108
1485
2466
99
9950
208
1555
102
420
17576
4396
2428
2786
757
1449
10663
406
3026
315
192
26417
1969
1901
127
235
715
347
240
1820
2113

457
89
190
10203
547
175
3814
803
1006
741
362
311
338
8097
82847
18440
64407
36279
33787
2264
12782

7260
3202
2978
13441
716
2029
671
488
107
153
3033
129
7326
1014
265
95
1609
2349
94
10139
211
1477
95
409
17757
4249
2452
2511
813
1416
9663
401
2723
307
192
24727
1775
1804
118
269
730
307
241
1652
2211

475
83
183
9849
518
168
3805
816
994
701
376
342
328
8049
81149
18448
62701
33978
33957
2127
13214

7556
3332
2959
13847
705
2137
786
488
113
148
2838
134
7350
1023
249
106
1672
2136
90
10366
217
1361
78
394
17692
4352
2490
2562
865
1655
10075
385
2895
306
192
25777
1689
1863
122
294
725
274
255
1656
2509

462
80
167
10095
561
172
4077
882
1003
718
388
312
314
8428
83190
18553
64637
35073
34625
1987
13491

7861
3515
2940
14316
650
2193
915
501
110
140
2734
137
7379
919
225
110
1684
2040
89
10516
217
1116
77
394
17385
4373
2801
2915
885
1850
11144
353
3325
241
201
28088
1642
1726
114
302
714
252
254
479
2450

291
68
232
8524
498
165
4074
916
952
653
414
317
298
8288
83980
18592
65388
35939
34501
1724
13541

8904
3740
2911
15555
644
2149
944
505
107
120
2704
143
7317
872
204
112
1662
1917
83
10640
222
949
68
390
17119
3742
3116
3172
918
1968
11635
171
3406
190
183
28502
1537
1784
101
289
715
272
245
1509
2395
31
103
67
227
9275
489
159
4155
906
918
671
449
348
287
8382
86150
19505
66645
37472
35087
1528
13590

10069
3977
2875
16921
635
2114
1004
527
104
116
2687
148
7335
877
178
116
1720
1838
86
10777
231
867
68
398
17155
3525
3141
3135
942
1998
11393
59
3648
150
207
28198
1485
1799
83
281
714
267
236
988
2302
99
115
61
254
8684
421
135
4216
906
882
645
459
350
272
8286
86579
20623
65956
36628
36161
1436
13791

Change
2014 over
2013
2014

11644
4292
2784
18721
629
2346
990
556
110
112
2719
149
7613
848
167
121
1701
1895
85
10838
239
850
67
387
17198
3614
3285
3123
943
1982
11505
33
3712
145
213
28555
1525
1712
78
281
717
281
236
498
2361
159
109
53
252
8263
448
126
4246
895
852
666
453
365
272
8324
88673
22489
66184
36593
38278
1411
13802

15.9%
7.9%
-3.3%
10.5%
-1.2%
11.2%
-1.4%
5.6%
7.3%
-3.4%
1.1%
0.4%
3.9%
-3.3%
-6.4%
4.7%
-1.2%
2.9%
-2.1%
0.6%
3.8%
-2.3%
-1.8%
-2.4%
0.2%
2.0%
4.6%
-0.5%
0.3%
-0.9%
0.9%
-44.4%
0.9%
-3.7%
2.4%
1.1%
1.8%
-4.9%
-5.5%
0.3%
0.5%
5.6%

-49.8%
2.5%
60.6%
-5.2%
-13.3%
-0.6%
-5.0%
6.5%
-6.4%
0.7%
-1.3%
-3.5%
3.6%
-2.0%
4.3%
1.8%
0.5%
2.3%
8.9%
0.3%
-0.3%
5.7%
-2.1%
0.1%

2014
share
of total

12.3%
5.0%
3.2%
20.5%
0.7%
2.9%
1.2%
0.7%
0.1%
0.1%
3.3%
0.2%
9.3%
1.0%
0.2%
0.1%
1.9%
2.0%
0.1%
12.7%
0.3%
0.9%
0.1%
0.5%
19.8%
4.0%
3.8%
3.6%
1.1%
2.0%
12.9%

4.0%
0.2%
0.2%
31.7%
1.6%
2.0%
0.1%
0.3%
0.8%
0.3%
0.3%
0.6%
2.7%
0.2%
0.1%
0.1%
0.3%
9.3%
0.5%
0.1%
5.0%
1.0%
1.0%
0.7%
0.4%
0.4%
0.3%
9.4%
100.0%
24.6%
75.4%
41.0%
43.0%
1.6%
16.0%

*Includes crude oil, shale oil, oil sands and NGLs (natural gas liquids the liquid content of natural gas where this is recovered separately). Excludes liquid fuels from other sources such as biomass
and derivatives of coal and natural gas.
Less than 0.05%.
Excludes Former Soviet Union.
Note: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using million tonnes per annum figures.

Consumption*
Thousand barrels daily

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Israel
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
Former Soviet Union

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

20732
2309
1983
25023
425
2050
244
228
155
152
25
545
1235
5058
283
88
161
680
92
202
185
221
1963
2619
426
136
181
1850
196
53
983
221
469
327
224
2660
67
1575
362
255
660
112
310
1766
146
601
20076
1549
250
374
106
1913
484
1265
5940
239
556
513
1470
2777
865
79
6740
317
2556
1299
5270
633
147
325
336
732
2294
1057
1025
263
294
24232
83107
49686
33420
15015
3841

20802
2288
2030
25119
449
2108
250
237
169
152
26
606
1218
5214
287
106
151
675
102
210
187
229
1946
2592
424
158
191
1798
204
57
1039
224
487
336
218
2679
80
1594
358
260
665
113
296
1806
103
626
20199
1700
256
411
120
2013
504
1343
6346
250
617
518
1535
2919
897
80
6923
289
2606
1285
5354
637
150
311
314
796
2312
1053
1041
258
309
24614
84411
50049
34362
15133
3832

20687
2295
2019
25002
471
2139
278
236
180
147
29
668
1238
5384
291
96
176
668
105
207
190
222
1942
2609
442
168
191
1791
210
58
1047
229
512
302
214
2761
72
1592
358
266
698
109
308
1788
103
642
20366
1845
249
378
135
2084
540
1238
6469
258
601
528
1536
2923
930
81
7437
309
2737
1247
5174
660
152
354
284
848
2320
1052
1023
254
322
25184
85328
49856
35472
15128
3948

20680
2361
2067
25109
523
2297
358
234
183
153
34
640
1250
5672
276
91
162
677
103
205
191
223
1911
2380
435
168
195
1740
233
58
1065
237
531
307
218
2780
76
1613
357
241
718
115
318
1716
94
662
20098
1875
257
383
153
2203
580
1314
6764
286
642
556
1578
3062
937
76
7817
329
2941
1299
5014
701
154
385
301
922
2399
1110
1026
283
341
26035
86741
49656
37084
14815
3998

19490
2315
2054
23860
535
2452
372
251
188
172
37
716
1189
5911
274
74
159
730
102
209
188
222
1889
2502
425
164
187
1661
229
63
991
228
549
291
216
2866
82
1557
350
256
684
119
301
1683
93
674
20017
1960
252
406
173
2378
602
1442
7212
309
686
536
1699
3229
950
77
7937
298
3077
1294
4848
672
154
400
267
974
2308
1005
1007
300
319
25887
86115
48042
38074
14709
4047

18771
2190
1996
22957
527
2486
367
232
191
178
35
727
1187
5930
264
73
182
664
92
204
169
209
1822
2409
405
154
166
1563
188
54
971
236
549
273
195
2774
79
1473
323
260
707
110
282
1610
89
664
19210
2012
237
455
172
2593
593
1467
7530
327
725
510
1740
3301
943
72
8212
339
3237
1334
4389
679
148
434
274
1049
2339
982
1062
313
333
26138
85066
46049
39018
14001
3893

19180
2316
2014
23511
589
2701
329
258
220
189
39
690
1204
6220
276
71
150
699
82
195
171
219
1763
2445
366
146
158
1532
196
55
977
235
576
271
184
2895
82
1394
336
242
694
123
268
1588
76
661
19125
1874
234
486
193
2793
645
1540
7766
327
765
559
1828
3479
955
80
9266
368
3319
1458
4442
689
150
426
279
1157
2370
1011
1118
337
341
27766
87867
46518
41349
13868
3981

18882
2404
2043
23330
609
2813
355
277
226
208
35
710
1221
6454
262
89
175
650
80
193
168
202
1730
2369
348
139
143
1475
255
53
971
239
574
255
191
3096
81
1377
311
235
672
130
279
1532
71
662
19007
1910
248
465
237
2838
728
1560
7985
350
720
584
1737
3390
997
104
9791
369
3488
1567
4439
718
150
431
279
1216
2394
946
1170
367
384
28808
88974
46001
42973
13451
4295

18490
2372
2063
22926
630
2860
359
297
233
213
32
761
1213
6599
259
92
211
611
82
191
158
191
1676
2356
312
128
135
1346
273
55
926
235
553
230
191
3137
74
1285
309
238
680
135
265
1520
63
634
18551
1928
288
487
251
2991
754
1597
8296
371
746
584
1861
3561
1029
110
10231
351
3685
1599
4688
759
148
410
284
1204
2458
946
1244
370
396
29914
89846
45464
44382
12921
4389

18961
2383
2020
23364
670
3048
357
298
247
228
34
825
1206
6913
264
101
217
628
76
183
157
188
1664
2408
295
127
136
1288
273
53
898
243
520
242
174
3179
75
1194
306
249
722
137
256
1494
64
637
18450
2038
226
505
286
3000
787
1608
8450
390
755
581
1924
3650
1022
107
10664
359
3727
1615
4521
800
151
439
297
1235
2455
980
1255
384
403
30415
91243
45533
45710
12696
4441

Change
2014 over
2013
2014

19035
2371
1941
23347
662
3229
355
310
259
231
34
824
1221
7125
262
101
224
631
80
198
158
181
1615
2371
289
132
137
1200
276
52
866
238
520
243
187
3196
72
1205
307
224
724
139
220
1501
65
640
18252
2024
223
505
307
3185
873
1588
8706
395
813
607
1985
3800
998
115
11056
343
3846
1641
4298
815
154
458
312
1273
2456
992
1274
406
418
30856
92086
45057
47029
12527
4443

0.5%
-0.5%
-5.0%
-0.1%
-1.2%
5.4%
-0.8%
4.1%
4.7%
1.3%
-0.4%
-0.3%
1.3%
2.7%
-1.0%
0.2%
3.3%
-0.6%
4.3%
7.4%
0.5%
-3.8%
-3.0%
-1.7%
-2.4%
3.1%
0.6%
-6.9%
0.5%
-2.6%
-4.4%
-3.8%
-0.1%
-0.8%
7.5%
0.9%
-3.1%
0.8%
0.3%
-10.2%
0.5%
2.0%
-14.3%

0.8%
0.5%
-1.2%
-2.0%
-1.7%
-0.3%
8.5%
7.3%
8.6%
-1.1%
2.8%
1.6%
8.4%
4.7%
2.9%
4.2%
-2.9%
7.9%
3.3%
-5.3%
3.0%
1.0%
-5.2%
1.9%
2.7%
3.8%
5.2%
2.3%
-0.3%
1.0%
1.6%
5.6%
3.7%
1.2%
0.8%
-1.2%
2.7%
-1.5%
0.3%

2014
share
of total

19.9%
2.4%
2.0%
24.3%
0.7%
3.4%
0.4%
0.3%
0.3%
0.2%

0.9%
1.4%
7.8%
0.3%
0.1%
0.3%
0.7%
0.1%
0.2%
0.2%
0.2%
1.8%
2.6%
0.3%
0.1%
0.2%
1.3%
0.3%
0.1%
0.9%
0.2%
0.6%
0.3%
0.2%
3.5%
0.1%
1.4%
0.3%
0.3%
0.8%
0.2%
0.2%
1.6%
0.1%
0.7%
20.4%
2.2%
0.2%
0.5%
0.2%
3.4%
0.9%
1.8%
9.3%
0.4%
0.9%
0.7%
2.2%
4.3%
1.1%
0.1%
12.4%
0.4%
4.3%
1.8%
4.7%
0.8%
0.2%
0.5%
0.3%
1.6%
2.6%
1.0%
1.3%
0.4%
0.5%
33.9%
100.0%
48.3%
51.7%
14.1%
4.9%

*Inland demand plus international aviation and marine bunkers and refinery fuel and loss. Consumption of biogasoline (such as ethanol), biodiesel and derivatives of coal and natural gas are also
included.
than 0.05%.
Notes: Differences between these world consumption figures and world production statistics are accounted for by stock changes, consumption of non-petroleum additives and substitute
fuels, and unavoidable disparities in the definition, measurement or conversion of oil supply and demand data.
Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using million tonnes per annum figures.

Less

Production*
Million tonnes

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Azerbaijan
Denmark
Italy
Kazakhstan
Norway
Romania
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Iraq
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Yemen
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Angola
Chad
Rep. of Congo (Brazzaville)
Egypt
Equatorial Guinea
Gabon
Libya
Nigeria
South Sudan
Sudan
Tunisia
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
OPEC
Non-OPEC
European Union
Former Soviet Union

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

325.4
144.8
190.0
660.2
40.9
80.7
27.9
28.3
4.4
8.2
170.1
7.4
368.0
15.5
19.1
5.5
59.5
150.3
5.7
463.3
9.6
95.4
6.6
23.4
853.7
208.2
99.9
123.4
38.9
50.0
500.4
24.3
132.0
20.0
2.3
1199.4
83.6
54.5
8.8
11.2
34.8
16.6
13.7
76.5
119.0

14.4
3.4
8.2
444.6
25.9
10.3
174.1
36.3
55.6
36.3
9.3
20.7
10.4
378.9
3904.7
972.5
2932.3
1645.9
1697.2
138.8
561.6

308.8
142.3
186.5
637.6
39.4
89.1
27.7
28.6
4.5
9.0
169.7
7.4
375.3
22.2
18.5
6.1
61.5
138.7
5.4
474.8
9.5
84.7
5.4
22.0
849.0
206.4
89.9
130.4
38.5
52.6
521.3
22.3
135.8
19.8
9.1
1226.0
86.4
68.9
9.1
12.3
33.2
16.4
13.5
82.2
122.1

14.5
3.4
8.6
470.6
25.5
10.1
181.4
34.9
53.7
34.6
11.4
19.0
12.4
383.0
3941.5
926.2
3015.4
1694.2
1666.7
126.9
580.6

304.6
150.6
182.5
637.8
39.1
93.8
27.9
28.8
4.6
9.6
171.0
7.1
382.0
32.3
16.8
5.8
65.0
129.0
5.0
485.6
9.2
76.6
5.4
21.7
852.4
209.2
98.0
133.7
36.5
56.8
508.9
21.0
144.3
18.1
8.9
1235.6
86.2
69.3
8.0
14.0
33.2
15.6
12.1
85.3
116.6

17.5
3.3
11.2
472.2
23.7
10.8
184.8
36.0
50.2
32.7
12.5
17.2
13.1
381.1
3961.2
904.3
3056.9
1708.2
1648.5
115.7
604.5

305.2
155.3
172.2
632.7
38.0
95.2
28.0
27.5
4.6
8.2
165.5
7.1
374.1
42.6
15.2
5.9
67.1
118.6
4.7
496.8
9.8
76.6
4.9
21.6
863.8
210.9
105.1
129.9
35.2
57.9
488.9
20.1
139.6
15.9
9.5
1213.0
86.5
82.1
7.5
11.4
33.8
15.9
12.3
85.3
110.2

23.8
4.6
9.7
483.0
24.7
9.5
186.3
36.4
47.8
33.8
13.2
16.3
13.9
382.0
3948.6
889.2
3059.3
1689.2
1631.2
113.9
628.1

302.3
152.9
156.9
612.0
36.5
98.9
31.1
27.2
4.7
8.7
165.6
7.1
379.8
44.5
14.0
5.2
70.7
114.8
4.7
493.7
10.3
71.7
4.8
20.6
855.0
214.5
119.3
136.1
37.6
65.0
509.9
20.3
141.4
14.8
9.5
1268.3
85.6
93.1
6.7
12.1
34.7
16.1
12.0
85.5
102.8

22.6
4.2
9.5
484.9
24.3
8.6
190.4
37.8
49.4
34.0
14.0
15.2
14.8
388.6
3988.6
857.8
3130.8
1746.0
1611.9
106.3
630.7

322.3
152.8
146.7
621.7
33.6
105.8
35.3
26.1
4.8
7.6
155.7
6.6
375.4
50.4
12.9
4.6
76.5
108.7
4.5
500.8
10.4
68.2
4.5
19.9
861.3
205.5
119.9
121.2
40.2
62.4
456.7
20.0
126.2
14.3
9.4
1176.0
77.2
87.6
6.2
13.9
35.3
14.1
12.0
77.4
106.6

23.4
4.0
9.2
466.8
22.6
8.3
189.5
38.0
48.4
32.2
14.6
16.7
14.3
384.5
3885.8
853.6
3032.2
1622.6
1614.0
99.8
649.3

333.1
160.3
145.6
639.0
33.0
111.4
41.4
26.1
5.1
7.4
145.7
6.9
376.9
50.8
12.2
5.1
79.5
98.8
4.3
511.8
10.7
63.0
3.6
19.2
859.0
208.7
121.5
123.4
42.8
71.7
473.8
19.2
133.3
14.3
9.4
1218.1
73.8
90.5
6.4
15.1
35.0
12.6
12.7
77.6
120.9

22.8
3.8
8.3
479.6
24.9
8.5
203.0
41.3
48.6
32.6
14.8
15.3
13.7
402.7
3975.4
857.3
3118.1
1667.0
1645.6
93.4
662.7

345.4
169.8
144.5
659.7
30.6
114.1
48.2
26.8
4.9
6.9
140.5
7.0
379.0
45.6
10.9
5.3
80.0
93.8
4.2
518.8
10.7
52.0
3.6
19.2
844.2
208.8
136.7
140.8
43.8
78.5
525.9
17.6
151.4
11.2
9.9
1324.6
71.7
83.8
6.0
15.6
34.6
11.6
12.7
22.5
117.8

14.3
3.2
11.5
405.3
22.0
8.1
202.9
42.9
46.3
29.5
15.2
15.5
13.0
395.3
4008.1
857.8
3150.4
1705.3
1638.2
81.6
664.7

394.7
182.6
143.9
721.2
30.4
112.1
49.9
27.1
4.8
6.0
139.3
7.3
376.7
43.4
10.0
5.4
79.2
87.3
4.0
526.1
11.0
44.6
3.2
19.2
833.2
177.3
152.5
154.0
45.0
83.4
549.8
8.5
154.9
8.8
9.0
1343.2
67.2
86.9
5.3
15.0
34.7
12.7
12.3
71.1
115.5
1.5
5.1
3.2
11.2
441.7
21.6
7.8
207.5
42.5
44.6
30.3
16.4
17.0
12.6
400.4
4116.4
903.7
3212.6
1779.0
1668.8
72.9
668.6

448.5
194.4
141.8
784.7
29.9
109.8
52.9
28.2
4.6
5.7
137.9
7.4
376.4
43.5
8.7
5.6
81.8
83.2
4.1
531.0
11.4
40.6
3.2
19.6
832.6
165.8
153.2
151.5
46.1
84.3
538.4
3.0
165.7
6.9
10.2
1325.2
64.8
87.3
4.4
14.5
34.5
12.4
11.8
46.4
110.7
4.9
5.7
2.9
12.6
412.8
18.2
6.6
210.0
42.5
42.7
29.3
16.6
17.0
11.9
394.9
4126.6
955.0
3171.6
1734.4
1715.9
68.5
676.3

Change
2014 over
2013
2014

519.9
209.8
137.1
866.8
29.5
122.1
52.2
29.8
4.9
5.5
139.5
7.5
391.0
42.0
8.1
5.8
80.8
85.6
4.0
534.1
11.8
39.7
3.1
19.1
834.3
169.2
160.3
150.8
46.2
83.5
543.4
1.6
167.3
6.6
10.5
1339.5
66.0
83.0
4.1
14.5
34.7
13.1
11.8
23.3
113.5
7.8
5.4
2.5
12.5
392.2
19.4
6.2
211.4
41.9
41.2
30.3
16.3
17.8
12.2
396.7
4220.6
1039.7
3180.9
1729.6
1814.0
67.0
677.0

15.9%
7.9%
-3.3%
10.5%
-1.2%
11.2%
-1.4%
5.6%
7.3%
-3.4%
1.1%
0.4%
3.9%
-3.3%
-6.4%
4.7%
-1.2%
2.9%
-2.1%
0.6%
3.8%
-2.3%
-1.8%
-2.4%
0.2%
2.0%
4.6%
-0.5%
0.3%
-0.9%
0.9%
-44.4%
0.9%
-3.7%
2.4%
1.1%
1.8%
-4.9%
-5.5%
0.3%
0.5%
5.6%

-49.8%
2.5%
60.6%
-5.2%
-13.3%
-0.6%
-5.0%
6.5%
-6.4%
0.7%
-1.3%
-3.5%
3.6%
-2.0%
4.3%
1.8%
0.5%
2.3%
8.9%
0.3%
-0.3%
5.7%
-2.1%
0.1%

2014
share
of total

12.3%
5.0%
3.2%
20.5%
0.7%
2.9%
1.2%
0.7%
0.1%
0.1%
3.3%
0.2%
9.3%
1.0%
0.2%
0.1%
1.9%
2.0%
0.1%
12.7%
0.3%
0.9%
0.1%
0.5%
19.8%
4.0%
3.8%
3.6%
1.1%
2.0%
12.9%

4.0%
0.2%
0.2%
31.7%
1.6%
2.0%
0.1%
0.3%
0.8%
0.3%
0.3%
0.6%
2.7%
0.2%
0.1%
0.1%
0.3%
9.3%
0.5%
0.1%
5.0%
1.0%
1.0%
0.7%
0.4%
0.4%
0.3%
9.4%
100.0%
24.6%
75.4%
41.0%
43.0%
1.6%
16.0%

*Includes crude oil, shale oil, oil sands and NGLs (natural gas liquids the liquid content of natural gas where this is recovered separately). Excludes liquid fuels from other sources such as biomass
and derivatives of coal and natural gas.
than 0.05%.
Excludes Former Soviet Union.
Less

10

Consumption*
Million tonnes

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Israel
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
Former Soviet Union

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

936.5
100.8
88.5
1125.9
19.4
92.0
11.5
10.4
7.2
7.3
1.2
26.0
61.4
236.5
13.9
4.5
8.1
33.5
4.3
9.5
9.1
10.6
94.0
124.0
21.3
6.3
8.9
89.7
9.5
2.6
47.1
10.0
21.6
15.8
10.9
126.2
3.2
78.5
17.5
12.0
31.0
5.1
14.3
81.7
7.5
29.7
961.8
73.4
11.9
17.8
3.4
88.3
23.9
60.9
279.5
10.6
26.8
24.7
70.2
132.3
39.6
3.9
318.9
15.6
119.5
61.7
243.8
28.0
6.8
16.0
15.9
37.7
104.6
49.7
46.4
12.5
14.2
1134.8
3870.8
2291.1
1579.7
721.3
183.2

939.8
99.9
90.8
1130.5
20.7
94.7
11.8
10.9
7.9
7.1
1.2
28.3
60.2
242.7
14.0
5.4
7.5
33.2
4.8
9.9
9.2
11.0
93.1
122.4
21.1
7.4
9.3
86.7
9.8
2.8
50.1
10.2
22.4
16.4
10.5
126.1
3.8
79.3
17.2
12.2
31.1
5.1
13.7
83.0
5.1
30.9
964.5
80.6
12.1
19.5
3.9
88.2
25.0
63.9
293.3
11.0
29.8
24.8
73.2
138.9
40.8
3.9
326.8
14.0
121.9
60.7
247.2
28.0
7.0
15.3
14.8
41.4
104.6
49.3
46.6
12.2
14.9
1149.3
3919.3
2304.8
1614.5
725.4
181.4

930.7
99.4
89.7
1119.7
21.7
96.0
13.2
10.8
8.3
6.9
1.4
31.5
61.3
251.1
14.2
4.8
8.8
33.2
5.0
9.8
9.4
10.6
93.0
123.6
22.1
7.8
9.3
86.7
10.3
2.8
50.8
10.5
23.3
14.6
10.3
130.3
3.4
79.3
17.3
12.6
32.8
5.0
14.2
82.3
5.1
31.7
974.6
87.5
11.8
17.7
4.5
92.4
26.9
58.8
299.6
11.5
28.7
25.3
73.1
138.5
42.1
3.9
351.2
15.2
128.3
58.5
238.0
28.9
7.1
17.6
13.3
44.5
104.7
49.1
45.4
12.0
15.5
1175.4
3958.9
2291.1
1667.7
726.5
187.4

928.8
102.3
92.0
1123.1
24.0
102.2
17.0
10.7
8.5
7.1
1.6
29.7
61.6
262.6
13.4
4.5
8.0
33.7
4.8
9.7
9.4
10.6
91.4
112.5
21.7
7.7
9.4
84.0
11.3
2.8
50.7
10.7
24.2
14.7
10.3
130.0
3.6
80.3
16.9
11.3
33.6
5.2
14.7
79.2
4.7
32.5
957.7
89.4
12.1
17.9
5.3
98.1
28.9
62.4
314.1
12.9
30.6
26.6
75.0
145.0
42.5
3.7
369.3
16.4
138.1
60.9
230.9
30.8
7.1
19.2
14.1
48.3
107.6
51.2
45.1
13.3
16.4
1214.8
4017.3
2277.2
1740.1
709.5
188.1

875.4
101.2
91.6
1068.2
24.7
109.1
17.8
11.7
8.7
8.0
1.8
33.8
58.6
274.3
13.4
3.6
7.9
36.0
4.8
9.9
9.3
10.5
90.8
118.9
21.3
7.5
9.0
80.4
11.0
3.1
47.3
10.4
25.3
14.1
10.4
133.9
3.9
77.9
16.7
12.1
32.1
5.4
14.3
77.9
4.6
33.2
956.7
93.3
11.8
19.0
6.1
106.8
30.1
69.1
336.3
14.0
32.6
25.7
80.7
153.1
43.3
3.8
376.0
14.8
144.7
60.4
224.8
29.5
7.2
19.9
12.4
51.4
103.1
45.9
43.8
14.1
15.4
1210.5
3999.0
2209.5
1789.4
706.9
190.6

833.2
95.0
88.5
1016.7
24.2
109.9
17.4
10.7
8.9
8.2
1.7
34.2
58.0
273.2
12.8
3.3
9.3
32.6
4.3
9.7
8.3
9.9
87.5
113.9
20.1
7.1
8.0
75.1
8.9
2.6
45.9
10.6
25.3
13.2
9.2
128.2
3.7
73.5
15.5
12.3
32.5
5.2
13.5
74.4
4.3
32.7
913.3
95.6
11.0
20.4
6.0
115.9
28.9
70.3
348.1
14.9
34.4
24.2
82.4
155.9
42.9
3.5
388.2
16.9
152.6
61.6
200.4
29.2
6.9
21.7
12.5
55.5
103.7
44.0
45.7
14.6
16.0
1215.8
3922.9
2098.8
1824.2
670.2
182.0

850.1
101.3
88.6
1040.0
27.9
119.4
15.4
11.9
10.3
8.6
1.9
32.1
58.7
286.3
13.4
3.2
7.5
34.4
3.9
9.2
8.4
10.4
84.5
115.4
17.9
6.7
7.6
73.1
9.3
2.7
45.9
10.8
26.7
13.0
8.8
134.3
3.9
69.6
16.2
11.4
31.8
5.7
12.6
73.5
3.6
32.5
907.7
86.8
10.8
21.6
6.5
123.7
30.8
73.9
354.2
14.8
36.3
26.6
86.6
164.3
43.6
3.9
437.7
18.3
155.4
66.9
202.7
29.3
7.0
21.2
12.8
61.0
105.0
45.3
47.5
15.6
16.2
1289.5
4041.8
2115.9
1925.9
662.4
186.0

834.9
105.0
90.3
1030.2
28.3
125.0
16.8
12.8
10.5
9.5
1.7
33.0
59.6
297.2
12.7
4.0
8.6
31.5
3.8
9.0
8.3
9.6
83.0
112.0
17.0
6.4
6.8
70.5
12.3
2.6
46.1
10.6
26.6
12.1
9.1
143.5
3.9
68.5
14.8
11.0
31.1
6.0
13.1
71.1
3.4
32.5
901.6
88.3
11.4
20.4
7.8
124.6
33.4
74.3
360.2
15.8
33.7
27.7
82.1
159.3
45.8
5.1
460.0
18.4
163.0
72.0
203.6
31.1
7.0
21.5
12.8
64.1
105.8
42.6
49.0
17.0
18.2
1336.9
4085.4
2091.3
1994.1
642.6
200.4

817.0
103.3
92.3
1012.6
29.4
127.5
16.7
13.9
10.9
9.6
1.6
35.4
59.3
304.3
12.5
4.2
10.4
29.5
3.9
8.9
7.8
9.1
80.3
111.4
15.3
5.9
6.5
64.2
13.0
2.7
43.7
10.5
25.7
11.0
9.2
145.7
3.6
64.2
14.6
11.2
31.6
6.2
12.4
71.0
3.0
31.1
880.4
89.6
13.5
21.5
8.1
131.3
34.6
76.2
374.8
16.9
35.2
28.0
88.2
168.3
47.4
5.4
482.7
17.6
173.6
73.2
217.0
32.7
7.0
20.4
13.1
63.5
108.8
42.5
52.1
17.1
18.9
1392.9
4133.2
2069.0
2064.2
617.4
205.2

832.1
103.5
89.7
1025.3
31.2
135.2
16.8
13.9
11.6
10.2
1.6
38.6
58.6
317.8
12.7
4.5
10.7
30.1
3.6
8.5
7.7
8.9
79.3
113.4
14.5
5.8
6.5
60.8
12.9
2.6
41.4
10.8
23.8
11.5
8.4
146.8
3.6
59.0
14.4
11.8
33.6
6.2
11.9
69.3
3.0
31.1
869.3
95.1
10.3
22.3
9.3
132.4
36.2
76.8
382.5
17.7
35.7
27.8
91.0
172.2
46.9
5.3
503.5
18.0
175.3
73.1
207.5
34.5
7.0
21.8
13.6
64.7
108.3
43.4
52.2
17.7
19.0
1412.1
4179.1
2057.1
2122.1
601.8
206.4

Change
2014 over
2013
2014

836.1
103.0
85.2
1024.4
30.9
142.5
16.7
14.5
12.1
10.4
1.6
38.5
59.3
326.5
12.6
4.6
11.0
30.0
3.8
9.2
7.7
8.6
76.9
111.5
14.2
6.0
6.6
56.6
13.0
2.5
39.6
10.3
23.8
11.4
9.0
148.1
3.5
59.5
14.4
10.6
33.8
6.4
10.2
69.3
3.1
31.3
858.9
93.2
10.1
22.2
10.1
142.0
39.3
76.0
393.0
18.0
38.7
29.1
93.6
179.4
45.5
5.7
520.3
17.0
180.7
73.9
196.8
35.2
7.2
22.6
14.3
66.2
108.0
43.9
53.0
18.7
19.7
1428.9
4211.1
2032.3
2178.9
592.5
207.0

0.5%
-0.5%
-5.0%
-0.1%
-1.2%
5.4%
-0.8%
4.1%
4.7%
1.3%
-0.4%
-0.3%
1.3%
2.7%
-1.0%
0.2%
3.3%
-0.6%
4.3%
7.4%
0.5%
-3.8%
-3.0%
-1.7%
-2.4%
3.1%
0.6%
-6.9%
0.5%
-2.6%
-4.4%
-3.8%
-0.1%
-0.8%
7.5%
0.9%
-3.1%
0.8%
0.3%
-10.2%
0.5%
2.0%
-14.3%

0.8%
0.5%
-1.2%
-2.0%
-1.7%
-0.3%
8.5%
7.3%
8.6%
-1.1%
2.8%
1.6%
8.4%
4.7%
2.9%
4.2%
-2.9%
7.9%
3.3%
-5.3%
3.0%
1.0%
-5.2%
1.9%
2.7%
3.8%
5.2%
2.3%
-0.3%
1.0%
1.6%
5.6%
3.7%
1.2%
0.8%
-1.2%
2.7%
-1.5%
0.3%

2014
share
of total

19.9%
2.4%
2.0%
24.3%
0.7%
3.4%
0.4%
0.3%
0.3%
0.2%

0.9%
1.4%
7.8%
0.3%
0.1%
0.3%
0.7%
0.1%
0.2%
0.2%
0.2%
1.8%
2.6%
0.3%
0.1%
0.2%
1.3%
0.3%
0.1%
0.9%
0.2%
0.6%
0.3%
0.2%
3.5%
0.1%
1.4%
0.3%
0.3%
0.8%
0.2%
0.2%
1.6%
0.1%
0.7%
20.4%
2.2%
0.2%
0.5%
0.2%
3.4%
0.9%
1.8%
9.3%
0.4%
0.9%
0.7%
2.2%
4.3%
1.1%
0.1%
12.4%
0.4%
4.3%
1.8%
4.7%
0.8%
0.2%
0.5%
0.3%
1.6%
2.6%
1.0%
1.3%
0.4%
0.5%
33.9%
100.0%
48.3%
51.7%
14.1%
4.9%

*Inland demand plus international aviation and marine bunkers and refinery fuel and loss. Consumption of biogasoline (such as ethanol), biodiesel and derivatives of coal and natural gas are
alsoincluded.
than 0.05%.
Note: Differences between these world consumption figures and world production statistics are accounted for by stock changes, consumption of non-petroleum additives and substitute fuels,
and unavoidable disparities in the definition, measurement or conversion of oil supply and demand data.

Less

11

Production by region

Consumption by region

Million barrels daily

Million barrels daily

Asia Pacific
Africa
Middle East
Europe & Eurasia
S. & Cent. America
North America

89

94

99

04

09

14

100

100

90

90

80

80

70

70

60

60

50

50

40

40

30

30

20

20

10

10

89

94

99

04

09

14

World oil production significantly outpaced consumption in 2014, rising by 2.1 million b/d; all of the growth was in non-OPEC countries, which recorded a record increase.
US output grew by 1.6 million b/d, its largest increase on record. OPEC production was essentially flat, with declines among African OPEC producers offset by rising
Middle East output. Global consumption increased by 840,000 b/d, with emerging economies accounting for all of the growth; China saw a below-average increase but
still accounted for the largest increment to consumption.

Consumption per capita 2014


Tonnes

0-0.75
0.75-1.5
1.5-2.25
2.25-3.0
> 3.0

12

Regional consumption by product group


Thousand barrels daily

North America
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total North America
of which: US
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total US
S. & Cent. America
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total S. & Cent. America
Europe
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total Europe
Former Soviet Union
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total Former Soviet Union
Middle East
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total Middle East
Africa
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total Africa
Asia Pacific
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total Asia Pacific
of which: China
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total China
of which: Japan
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total Japan
World
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total World
OECD
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total OECD
Non-OECD
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total Non-OECD
European Union
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total European Union

Change
2014 over
2013
2014

2014
share
of total

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

10978
7133
1340
5572
25023

11019
7249
1396
5455
25119

11131
7297
1055
5519
25002

11200
7318
1081
5509
25109

10859
6934
941
5126
23860

10839
6281
801
5036
22957

10943
6567
810
5191
23511

10697
6694
745
5194
23330

10572
6409
662
5283
22926

10772
6518
576
5498
23364

10837
6773
447
5289
23347

0.6%
3.9%
-22.4%
-3.8%
-0.1%

46.4%
29.0%
1.9%
22.7%
100.0%

9518
6116
859
4239
20732

9548
6198
914
4143
20802

9599
6226
683
4178
20687

9597
6199
718
4166
20680

9253
5801
609
3827
19490

9257
5241
508
3766
18771

9263
5464
532
3921
19180

9022
5518
459
3883
18882

8932
5278
367
3913
18490

9125
5371
317
4147
18961

9164
5604
256
4012
19035

0.4%
4.3%
-19.3%
-3.3%
0.4%

48.1%
29.4%
1.3%
21.1%
100.0%

1399
1872
717
1070
5058

1475
1881
722
1136
5214

1498
1908
745
1232
5384

1600
2101
745
1226
5672

1681
2160
764
1306
5911

1788
2130
725
1286
5930

1883
2353
698
1285
6220

1952
2474
680
1349
6454

1997
2600
690
1312
6599

2110
2716
719
1368
6913

2232
2748
750
1395
7125

5.8%
1.2%
4.2%
2.0%
3.1%

31.3%
38.6%
10.5%
19.6%
100.0%

4015
7338
1752
3130
16235

3914
7528
1742
3183
16367

3779
7704
1708
3228
16418

3705
7591
1605
3200
16101

3501
7789
1546
3134
15970

3423
7519
1378
2997
15317

3371
7545
1256
2971
15144

3151
7496
1188
2877
14712

3009
7383
1059
2711
14162

2925
7409
964
2711
14009

2850
7372
898
2689
13809

-2.5%
-0.5%
-6.9%
-0.8%
-1.4%

20.6%
53.4%
6.5%
19.5%
100.0%

1081
1124
543
1092
3841

1098
1154
522
1057
3832

1136
1207
574
1031
3948

1206
1285
437
1070
3998

1265
1347
411
1023
4047

1237
1225
395
1036
3893

1290
1333
366
992
3981

1298
1478
385
1135
4295

1325
1506
377
1182
4389

1366
1511
391
1173
4441

1367
1476
472
1128
4443

0.1%
-2.3%
20.6%
-3.8%

30.8%
33.2%
10.6%
25.4%
100.0%

1318
1909
1447
1265
5940

1404
2058
1479
1405
6346

1478
2105
1484
1403
6469

1505
2254
1591
1414
6764

1612
2303
1761
1536
7212

1653
2406
1890
1581
7530

1712
2434
1922
1698
7766

1788
2547
1949
1701
7985

1860
2678
2007
1751
8296

1895
2724
2083
1749
8450

1953
2709
2175
1870
8706

3.0%
-0.6%
4.4%
6.9%
3.0%

22.4%
31.1%
25.0%
21.5%
100.0%

678
1202
407
491
2777

704
1253
457
504
2919

689
1307
422
505
2923

709
1402
426
525
3062

765
1483
440
541
3229

800
1512
434
555
3301

841
1614
456
569
3479

825
1617
385
563
3390

876
1679
422
584
3561

887
1736
442
584
3650

916
1827
461
597
3800

3.2%
5.2%
4.2%
2.2%
4.1%

24.1%
48.1%
12.1%
15.7%
100.0%

6884
8788
3462
5099
24232

7026
9036
3439
5113
24614

7207
9131
3527
5319
25184

7585
9291
3562
5597
26035

7573
9404
3390
5520
25887

7855
9475
3032
5776
26138

8642
9930
3041
6152
27766

8869
10313
3119
6507
28808

9274
10753
3223
6664
29914

9639
10856
2984
6935
30415

9976
10998
2775
7108
30856

3.5%
1.3%
-7.0%
2.5%
1.5%

32.3%
35.6%
9.0%
23.0%
100.0%

1681
2277
943
1838
6740

1787
2518
893
1725
6923

1900
2713
929
1896
7437

2036
2869
899
2013
7817

2125
3079
776
1957
7937

2230
3178
662
2141
8212

2767
3430
666
2403
9266

2970
3660
588
2572
9791

3120
3951
560
2600
10231

3306
4001
588
2769
10664

3545
4136
537
2837
11056

7.2%
3.4%
-8.5%
2.5%
3.7%

32.1%
37.4%
4.9%
25.7%
100.0%

1728
1869
653
1019
5270

1780
1878
676
1021
5354

1758
1760
657
999
5174

1731
1621
657
1005
5014

1615
1502
707
1024
4848

1636
1381
450
922
4389

1696
1391
442
913
4442

1633
1343
577
887
4439

1616
1360
811
901
4688

1641
1353
636
891
4521

1570
1321
537
871
4298

-4.3%
-2.4%
-15.6%
-2.3%
-4.9%

36.5%
30.7%
12.5%
20.3%
100.0%

26353
29367
9668
17720
83107

26638
30159
9758
17855
84411

26917
30660
9515
18236
85328

27510
31243
9447
18540
86741

27255
31421
9253
18187
86115

27594
30548
8657
18268
85066

28683
31776
8549
18859
87867

28580
32618
8451
19325
88974

28911
33008
8440
19487
89846

29595
33471
8160
20018
91243

30131
33903
7976
20076
92086

1.8%
1.3%
-2.3%
0.3%
0.9%

32.7%
36.8%
8.7%
21.8%
100.0%

17968
17329
4140
10249
49686

18008
17670
4199
10173
50049

17994
17784
3795
10282
49856

18081
17616
3711
10248
49656

17397
17290
3509
9845
48042

17375
16213
2902
9559
46049

17537
16573
2768
9640
46518

17075
16641
2741
9543
46001

16897
16319
2776
9472
45464

17032
16455
2390
9656
45533

16989
16640
2053
9376
45057

-0.3%
1.1%
-14.1%
-2.9%
-1.0%

37.7%
36.9%
4.6%
20.8%
100.0%

8384
12038
5528
7470
33420

8631
12490
5560
7682
34362

8923
12876
5720
7954
35472

9429
13626
5736
8293
37084

9858
14130
5744
8342
38074

10219
14335
5754
8710
39018

11146
15203
5781
9219
41349

11504
15977
5710
9782
42973

12014
16689
5664
10015
44382

12563
17016
5769
10362
45710

13143
17263
5923
10700
47029

4.6%
1.5%
2.7%
3.3%
2.9%

27.9%
36.7%
12.6%
22.8%
100.0%

3778
6810
1603
2825
15015

3688
6982
1599
2863
15133

3549
7114
1583
2882
15128

3498
6985
1496
2835
14815

3310
7147
1451
2801
14709

3202
6878
1289
2631
14001

3164
6917
1190
2597
13868

2958
6854
1117
2521
13451

2825
6723
992
2381
12921

2739
6707
884
2366
12696

2680
6684
828
2336
12527

-2.2%
-0.3%
-6.3%
-1.3%
-1.3%

21.4%
53.4%
6.6%
18.6%
100.0%

Less

than 0.05%.
Notes: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand barrels daily figures.
Light distillates consists of aviation and motor gasolines and light distillate feedstock (LDF).
Middle distillates consists of jet and heating kerosines, and gas and diesel oils (including marine bunkers).
Fuel oil includes marine bunkers and crude oil used directly as fuel.
Others consists of refinery gas, liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), solvents, petroleum coke, lubricants, bitumen, wax, other refined products and refinery fuel and loss.

13

Product consumption by region


Million barrels daily

Light distillates

Middle distillates

Asia Pacific
Africa
Middle East
Former Soviet Union

04

05

06

Europe
S. & Cent. America
North America

07

08

09

10

11

12

13

14

35

35

30

30

25

25

20

20

15

15

10

10

05

06

07

08

09

10

11

12

13

14

06

07

08

09

12

13

14

30

30

25

25

20

20

15

15

10

10

04

05

06

07

08

09

US Gulf Coast product prices


US dollars per barrel

98

11

35

US dollars per barrel

97

10

35

Rotterdam product prices


160

Gasoline
Gas oil
Heavy fuel oil

99

00

140

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

10

11

12

13

14

10

11

12

13

14

160

Gasoline
Gas oil
Heavy fuel oil

140

120

120

100

100

80

80

60

60

40

40

20

20

Source: Platts.

14

05

Others

Fuel oil

04

04

97

98

99

00

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

10

11

12

13 14

Source: Platts.

Spot crude prices


US dollars per barrel

1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014

Dubai
$/bbl*

Brent
$/bbl

Nigerian
Forcados
$/bbl

West Texas
Intermediate
$/bbl

12.38
13.03
29.75
35.69
34.32
31.80
28.78
28.06
27.53
13.10
16.95
13.27
15.62
20.45
16.63
17.17
14.93
14.74
16.10
18.52
18.23
12.21
17.25
26.20
22.81
23.74
26.78
33.64
49.35
61.50
68.19
94.34
61.39
78.06
106.18
109.08
105.47
97.07

13.92
14.02
31.61
36.83
35.93
32.97
29.55
28.78
27.56
14.43
18.44
14.92
18.23
23.73
20.00
19.32
16.97
15.82
17.02
20.67
19.09
12.72
17.97
28.50
24.44
25.02
28.83
38.27
54.52
65.14
72.39
97.26
61.67
79.50
111.26
111.67
108.66
98.95

14.21
13.65
29.25
36.98
36.18
33.29
29.54
28.14
27.75
14.46
18.39
15.00
18.30
23.85
20.11
19.61
17.41
16.25
17.26
21.16
19.33
12.62
18.00
28.42
24.23
25.04
28.66
38.13
55.69
67.07
74.48
101.43
63.35
81.05
113.65
114.21
111.95
101.35

14.22
14.55
25.08
37.96
36.08
33.65
30.30
29.39
27.98
15.10
19.18
15.97
19.68
24.50
21.54
20.57
18.45
17.21
18.42
22.16
20.61
14.39
19.31
30.37
25.93
26.16
31.07
41.49
56.59
66.02
72.20
100.06
61.92
79.45
95.04
94.13
97.99
93.28

*1977-1985 Arabian Light, 1986-2014 Dubai dated.


1977-1983 Forties, 1984-2014 Brent dated.
1977-1983 Posted WTI prices, 1984-2014 Spot WTI (Cushing) prices.

Source: Platts.

Crude oil prices 1861-2014


US dollars per barrel
World events

Yom Kippur war


Post-war reconstruction

Fears of shortage in US
Growth of Venezuelan
production

Pennsylvanian
oil boom

Russian
oil exports
began

East Texas field


discovered

Sumatra
Discovery of
production Spindletop,
began
Texas

Iranian revolution

Loss of Iranian
supplies

Netback pricing
introduced

Suez crisis

Iraq
invaded
Kuwait

Asian financial crisis


Invasion
of Iraq

Arab
Spring

130
120
110
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
1861-69

1870-79

$ 2014
$ money of the day

1880-89

1890-99

1900-09

1910-19

1920-29

1930-39

1940-49

1950-59

1960-69

1970-79

1980-89

1990-99

2000-09

2010-19

1861-1944 US average.
1945-1983 Arabian Light posted at Ras Tanura.
1984-2014 Brent dated.

15

Refinery capacities
Thousand barrels daily*

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Netherlands Antilles
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Belgium
France
Germany
Greece
Italy
Netherlands
Norway
Russian Federation
Spain
Sweden
Turkey
United Kingdom
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Iraq
Kuwait
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Total Africa
Australia
China
India
Indonesia
Japan
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
Former Soviet Union

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

17125
1915
1463
20503
617
1926
320
1284
2235
6382
751
1982
2320
412
2497
1284
316
5328
1372
436
693
1848
5527
24766
1642
718
936
2079
620
1248
7243
3058
763
6603
2558
1057
4531
1406
2598
1159
1068
1408
23150
85102
45053
40049
15919
7690

17339
1896
1463
20698
621
1942
320
1291
2254
6428
756
1978
2322
418
2515
1274
316
5400
1377
436
613
1819
5499
24724
1642
721
936
2107
620
1248
7274
3154
711
7165
2558
1057
4531
1420
2598
1159
1078
1431
23708
85986
45132
40854
15945
7702

17443
1914
1463
20821
617
1942
320
1294
2263
6436
766
1959
2390
425
2526
1274
316
5484
1362
436
613
1836
5387
24774
1727
726
936
2107
620
1298
7414
3017
694
7865
2872
1127
4588
1422
2633
1140
1100
1440
24880
87342
45396
41946
15990
7726

17594
1907
1463
20964
628
1960
320
1303
2313
6524
781
1962
2390
425
2497
1236
316
5498
1362
436
613
1819
5369
24705
1772
735
936
2107
625
1381
7556
3034
733
8399
2983
1150
4650
1427
2671
1197
1100
1448
25758
88540
45618
42922
15906
7741

17672
1951
1463
21086
628
1973
320
1303
2359
6583
786
1971
2366
425
2396
1280
316
5419
1362
436
613
1827
5340
24537
1805
727
936
2107
680
1390
7645
3148
734
8722
2992
1052
4650
1427
2712
1197
1165
1470
26121
89119
45724
43395
15770
7712

17584
1976
1463
21023
630
1988
320
1303
2328
6569
786
1873
2362
425
2396
1280
316
5401
1362
436
613
1757
5382
24388
1860
754
936
2107
700
1536
7893
3009
734
9479
3574
1085
4630
1427
2712
1197
1236
1630
27704
90586
45501
45085
15591
7720

17736
1913
1463
21113
633
1988
320
1303
2298
6542
787
1702
2091
440
2396
1274
316
5511
1416
436
613
1757
5500
24240
1860
862
936
2107
700
1541
8006
3203
740
10302
3703
1139
4291
1427
2712
1197
1230
1675
28415
91519
44955
46564
15303
7860

17322
2040
1606
20967
640
2010
320
1303
2195
6468
788
1610
2077
495
2311
1276
316
5589
1416
436
613
1787
5406
24122
1860
923
936
2117
705
1553
8094
3152
742
10834
3795
1116
4274
1427
2860
1197
1230
1692
29167
91970
44864
47106
15200
7843

17824
2050
1606
21479
643
2001
320
1303
1619
5886
753
1513
2097
498
2200
1274
316
5785
1537
436
613
1526
5108
23656
1892
954
936
2122
710
1553
8167
3350
663
11933
4279
1041
4254
1422
2887
1197
1230
1700
30605
93142
44896
48246
14751
7856

17925
1965
1606
21495
609
2093
320
1303
1570
5895
776
1375
2061
498
2062
1274
316
6027
1537
436
613
1498
5096
23569
1970
994
936
2522
710
1555
8687
3509
662
13304
4319
1072
4123
1414
2887
1197
1237
1826
32042
95197
44492
50705
14418
8068

*Atmospheric distillation capacity on acalendar-day basis.


Less than 0.05%.
Note: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand barrels daily figures.

Change
2014 over
2013
2014

17791
1965
1522
21278
622
2235
320
1303
1589
6069
776
1375
2060
498
1984
1274
316
6338
1546
436
613
1368
5140
23724
1985
1094
936
2822
1143
1448
9428
3553
536
14098
4319
1095
3749
1514
2887
1197
1242
1824
32461
96514
43583
52931
14218
8423

-0.7%

-5.2%
-1.0%
2.1%
6.8%

1.2%
2.9%

-3.8%

5.2%
0.6%

-8.7%
0.9%
0.7%
0.8%
10.1%

11.9%
61.0%
-6.9%
8.5%
1.3%
-19.1%
6.0%

2.1%
-9.1%
7.1%

0.4%
-0.1%
1.3%
1.4%
-2.0%
4.4%
-1.4%
4.4%

2014
share
of total

18.4%
2.0%
1.6%
22.0%
0.6%
2.3%
0.3%
1.4%
1.6%
6.3%
0.8%
1.4%
2.1%
0.5%
2.1%
1.3%
0.3%
6.6%
1.6%
0.5%
0.6%
1.4%
5.3%
24.6%
2.1%
1.1%
1.0%
2.9%
1.2%
1.5%
9.8%
3.7%
0.6%
14.6%
4.5%
1.1%
3.9%
1.6%
3.0%
1.2%
1.3%
1.9%
33.6%
100.0%
45.2%
54.8%
14.7%
8.7%

Source: Includes data from ICIS.

Refinery throughputs
Thousand barrels daily*

US
Canada
Mexico
S. & Cent. America
Europe & Eurasia
Middle East
Africa
Australasia
China
India
Japan
Other Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
Former Soviet Union

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

15475
1957
1284
5401
19898
5795
2304
709
5555
2559
4038
7329
72305
39633
32672
13658
5417

15220
1883
1284
5381
20266
6011
2492
696
5832
2561
4136
7482
73244
39503
33740
13733
5713

15242
1835
1270
5335
20236
6302
2371
669
6235
2860
4026
7452
73832
39216
34617
13490
5873

15156
1908
1261
5456
20246
6399
2372
678
6594
3107
3995
7488
74660
39027
35633
13335
6017

14648
1839
1295
5366
20251
6395
2457
649
6828
3213
3946
7311
74199
38203
35997
13298
6188

14336
1773
1184
4899
19188
6242
2292
637
7452
3641
3627
7201
72473
36321
36151
12360
6170

14724
1832
1184
4846
19324
6338
2451
645
8408
3899
3619
7282
74551
36828
37723
12295
6401

14806
1734
1166
5050
19154
6501
2168
704
8686
4085
3410
7383
74847
36485
38362
11913
6592

14999
1802
1199
4650
19212
6430
2202
683
9199
4302
3400
7486
75565
36779
38786
11902
6683

15312
1763
1224
4773
18693
6363
2182
657
9648
4462
3453
7252
75782
36342
39440
11192
6831

15844
1735
1155
4721
18858
6656
2255
607
9986
4473
3289
7253
76833
36537
40296
11122
7069

*Input to primary distillation units only.


Less than 0.05%.
Note: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand barrels daily figures.

16

Change
2014 over
2013

2014
share
of total

3.5%
-1.6%
-5.6%
-1.1%
0.9%
4.6%
3.3%
-7.6%
3.5%
0.2%
-4.7%

20.6%
2.3%
1.5%
6.1%
24.5%
8.7%
2.9%
0.8%
13.0%
5.8%
4.3%
9.4%
100.0%
47.6%
52.4%
14.5%
9.2%

1.4%
0.5%
2.2%
-0.6%
3.5%

Source: Includes data from Energy Security Analysis Inc (ESAI).

Refinery utilization
Percentage
100

90

80

70

60

North America
S. & Cent. America
Europe
Former Soviet Union
Middle East
Africa
Asia Pacific
World
04

05

50

06

07

08

09

10

11

12

13

14

40

Global crude runs rose by 1.1 million b/d in 2014, with growth in the US, China and the Middle East outweighing declines in Europe and OECD Asia Pacific. The US
recorded its largest increase in crude runs since 1986. Global refining capacity expanded by 1.3 million b/d, led by China and record growth in the Middle East. Global
average refinery utilization remained at 79.6%, the lowest since 1987.

Regional refining margins


US dollars per barrel

25

USGC Medium Sour Coking


NWE Light Sweet Cracking
Singapore Medium Sour Hydrocracking

20

15

10

04

05

06

07

08

09

10

11

12

13

14

-5

Note: The refining margins presented are benchmark margins for three major global refining centres: US Gulf Coast (USGC), North West Europe (NWE Rotterdam)
and Singapore. In each case they are based on asingle crude oil appropriate for that region and have optimized product yields based on ageneric refinery configuration
(cracking, hydrocracking or coking), again appropriate for that region. The margins are on asemi-variable basis, i.e. the margin after all variable costs and fixed energy costs.

17

Trade movements
Thousand barrels daily

Imports
US
Europe
Japan
Rest of World
Total World
Exports
US
Canada
Mexico
S. & Cent. America
Europe
Former Soviet Union
Middle East
North Africa
West Africa
Asia Pacific
Rest of World
Total World

Change
2014 over
2013
2014

2014
share
of total

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

12898
12538
5203
18651
49290

13525
13261
5225
19172
51182

13612
13461
5201
20287
52561

13632
13953
5032
22937
55554

12872
13751
4925
23078
54626

11453
12486
4263
24132
52333

11689
12094
4567
25160
53510

11338
12208
4494
26120
54160

10587
12488
4743
26930
54748

9792
12662
4573
29216
56243

9221
12601
4333
30581
56736

-5.8%
-0.5%
-5.2%
4.7%
0.9%

16.3%
22.2%
7.6%
53.9%
100.0%

991
2148
2070
3233
1993
6440
19630
2917
4048
4189
1631
49290

1129
2201
2065
3528
2149
7076
19821
3070
4358
4243
1542
51182

1317
2330
2102
3681
2173
7155
20204
3225
4704
4312
1359
52561

1439
2457
1975
3570
2273
8334
19680
3336
4830
6004
1656
55554

1967
2498
1609
3616
2023
8184
20128
3260
4587
5392
1363
54626

1947
2518
1449
3748
2034
7972
18409
2938
4364
5631
1323
52333

2154
2599
1539
3568
1888
8544
18883
2871
4601
6226
637
53510

2495
2798
1487
3755
2053
8569
19687
1945
4637
6088
646
54160

2682
3056
1366
3830
2174
8285
19581
2596
4557
6299
322
54748

3564
3279
1347
3756
2356
9001
19787
2124
4417
6142
472
56243

4099
3535
1290
3929
2293
8932
19761
1762
4431
6223
481
56736

15.0%
7.8%
-4.2%
4.6%
-2.7%
-0.8%
-0.1%
-17.1%
0.3%
1.3%
2.0%
0.9%

7.2%
6.2%
2.3%
6.9%
4.0%
15.7%
34.8%
3.1%
7.8%
11.0%
0.8%
100.0%

Japan Singapore

Other
Asia
Pacific

Total

Excludes Japan. Excludes trade between other Asia Pacific countries and India prior to 2007.

North and West African exports excludes intra-Africa trade.


Note: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand barrels daily figures.

Inter-area movements 2014


To
Million tonnes
From

US
Canada
Mexico
S. & Cent. America
Europe
Former Soviet Union
Middle East
North Africa
West Africa
East & Southern Africa
Australasia
China
India
Japan
Singapore
Other Asia Pacific
Total imports

US

Canada

Mexico

S. & Cent.
America

Europe

Former
Soviet
Union

167.7
41.8
79.2
22.0
18.1
93.0
5.7
16.9

0.1
0.3
4.3
0.7
0.5
5.0
455.5

39.0

1.1
0.7
4.9
1.1
4.9
1.9
3.0

0.1

0.1
56.8

26.5

0.4
2.9
0.1
0.3

0.1

0.1

30.6

63.7
0.7
0.9

6.0
2.0
7.1
4.5
13.3

0.3
3.9
3.8
0.2
0.3
0.7
107.6

31.9
4.2
11.2
23.4

296.4
101.6
59.5
78.4
0.3

0.5
7.8
0.1
1.5
3.5
620.4

0.1

5.5

0.3
0.1

0.4

6.5

2.1
0.1

0.2
13.9
13.9

1.8

1.5
19.6
0.1
0.6
1.0
54.7

6.3

1.2
30.8
2.8
25.4

1.2
9.0
0.1
3.7
2.0
82.5

3388
842
1597
459
376
1869
120
343
1
2
6
91
14
11
103
9221

802

22
14
102
22
99
38
60

555

1332
14
19

126
40
144
94
268
1
5
81
80
5
7
15
2232

668
86
224
474

6028
2056
1203
1575
7

44
2

132

4
291
282

37
1

25
644
57
516

30
409
1
12
21
1133

25
188
2
78
42
1708

Middle
East

Africa Australasia

China

India

0.7

0.6
2.0
6.0

4.4

0.5
0.3
2.8
9.9
22.8
50.0

5.7
0.8
0.7
37.2
3.6
45.8
171.7
3.2
57.4
8.2
3.0

0.3
1.8
6.7
26.8
372.8

4.6
0.6
4.2
34.4
2.1
2.0
121.1
3.1
28.9
1.0
0.1
1.0

0.1
0.6
5.8
209.6

6.6
0.5
0.3
2.8
0.9
15.6
157.0
1.3
3.0
0.1
2.2
0.5
3.0

0.2
19.9
213.9

5.4
0.1
3.2
11.0
7.4
11.9
53.3
0.5
0.2
0.2
2.3
5.0
6.9
3.2

37.5
148.0

4.1
0.2
0.5
4.0
9.5
27.3
237.0
5.1
14.7
0.1
7.4
11.3
6.2
4.3
47.4

379.0

196.7
174.9
63.9
194.4
110.2
438.9
978.7
86.7
220.4
10.0
15.3
26.2
61.3
13.3
71.5
125.2
2787.9

14

118
17
14
751
74
926
3457
64
1153
165
60

7
37
140
557
7540

96
12
85
691
43
41
2440
62
581
19
2
21

1
13
117
4225

137
11
7
56
18
314
3166
28
60
3
44
11
63

4
410
4333

113
1
67
229
154
247
1082
9
5
4
48
105
144
67

780
3057

86
4

4099
3535
1290
3929
2293
8932
19761
1762
4431
202
310
547
1282
279
1495
2589
56736

Thousand barrels daily


From

US
Canada
Mexico
S. & Cent. America
Europe
Former Soviet Union
Middle East
North Africa
West Africa
East & Southern Africa
Australasia
China
India
Japan
Singapore
Other Asia Pacific
Total imports
Less than 0.05.
Less than 0.5.

18

1163

8
62
2
7

1
641

11
162
3
31
73
12601

114

7
2

1
136

1
12
40
121

89

11
7

58
207
465
1023

10

80
195
557
4796
105
296
2
149
235
130
89
991

7725

Major trade movements 2014


Trade flows worldwide (million tonnes)

31.9

296.4
4
22.0

18.1

167.7
16
67.7
.
39.0

45.8
15
157.0
10
01.6

78.4
16.9

26.5

15.6

59 5
59.5

171.7
17

30.8
30
30.8
8

41.8

27.3

5 3
53.3
93.0
63.7

19.6
9.6
9.6
6
25..4
.4

79.2

26.8

121..1

19.9

47.4
7

237.0
37.5
18.2

22.8

US
Canada
Mexico
S. & Cent. America
Europe & Eurasia
Middle East
Africa
Asia Pacific

28.9
57.4

34.4
37.2

Imports and exports 2014


Million tonnes

US
Canada
Mexico
S. & Cent. America
Europe
Former Soviet Union
Middle East
North Africa
West Africa
East & Southern Africa
Australasia
China
India
Japan
Singapore
Other Asia Pacific
Total World

Thousand barrels daily

Crude
imports

Product
imports

Crude
exports

Product
exports

Crude
imports

Product
imports

Crude
exports

Product
exports

365.4
29.9

22.2
446.9
0.1
11.4
9.7
0.2
11.0
26.4
309.2
189.7
168.5
45.6
240.3
1876.4

90.1
26.9
30.6
85.5
173.5
6.4
43.2
24.9
18.6
18.1
23.6
63.7
19.9
45.5
102.4
138.7
911.5

16.9
148.6
56.5
164.0
11.6
294.8
850.1
62.1
213.9
9.3
12.0
0.4

0.3
35.7
1876.4

179.9
26.3
7.4
30.4
98.6
144.1
128.6
24.6
6.5
0.7
3.3
25.8
61.3
13.3
71.3
89.5
911.5

7338
600

1883
562
641
1787
3627
134
904
521
390
379
492
1331
415
950
2140
2899
19054

339
2985
1135
3294
232
5921
17073
1248
4296
187
241
8

3760
550
155
635
2061
3012
2688
514
136
15
69
539
1281
278
1489
1871
19054

445
8974
2
230
194
4

221
530
6209
3809
3383
916
4826
37682

6
718
37682

Less than 0.05.


Less than 0.5.
Notes: Bunkers are not included as exports. Intra-area movements (for example, between countries in Europe) are excluded.
Crude imports and exports include condensates.

19

Natural gas
Total proved reserves

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Bolivia
Brazil
Colombia
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Azerbaijan
Denmark
Germany
Italy
Kazakhstan
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Romania
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Bahrain
Iran
Iraq
Israel
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Yemen
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
Libya
Nigeria
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Myanmar
Pakistan
Papua New Guinea
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
Former Soviet Union
*More than 100 years.
Less than 0.05.
Less

At end 1994
Trillion
cubic
metres

At end 2004
Trillion
cubic
metres

At end 2013
Trillion
cubic
metres

Trillion
cubic
feet

4.6
1.9
1.9
8.5
0.5
0.1
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.3
4.0
0.2
5.7
n/a
0.1
0.2
0.3
n/a
1.7
1.3
0.1
0.4
n/a
n/a
n/a
0.7
n/a
3.9
40.6
0.2
20.8
3.1

1.5
0.3
7.1
5.3
0.2
6.8
0.3

45.5
3.0
0.6
1.3
3.5
0.8
9.1
1.3
0.3
0.4
1.7
0.7
1.8
1.9
0.3
0.6

0.2
0.1
0.3
9.7
119.1
14.5
104.6
3.6
35.5

5.5
1.6
0.4
7.5
0.5
0.8
0.3
0.1
0.3
0.5
4.3
0.1
7.0
0.9
0.1
0.2
0.1
1.3
1.3
2.4
0.1
0.3
31.1
2.3
0.7
0.5
1.2
0.2
42.7
0.1
27.5
3.2

1.6
1.0
25.4
6.8
0.3
6.1
0.3

72.2
4.5
1.9
1.5
5.2
1.1
14.2
2.3
0.4
0.3
1.5
0.9
2.8
2.5
0.5
0.8

0.4
0.2
0.4
13.0
156.5
14.8
141.7
2.8
37.5

9.6
2.0
0.3
12.0
0.3
0.3
0.5
0.2
0.4
0.3
5.6
0.1
7.7
0.9

0.1
0.1
1.5
0.8
2.0
0.1
0.1
32.3
17.5
0.6
0.2
1.1
0.2
57.5
0.2
34.0
3.6
0.2
1.8
0.7
24.7
8.2
0.3
6.1
0.3

80.0
4.5
1.8
1.5
5.1
1.2
14.2
3.7
0.3
0.3
3.5
1.4
2.9
1.1
0.3
0.6
0.2
0.2
0.6
0.3
15.2
186.5
19.4
167.0
1.5
53.9

345.0
71.7
12.3
429.0
11.6
10.5
16.4
5.7
15.0
12.2
197.1
2.0
270.6
41.2
1.2
1.5
1.7
53.2
28.2
67.9
3.5
3.9
1152.8
617.3
22.5
8.5
38.3
7.7
2049.5
6.4
1201.4
126.7
6.7
63.0
24.9
866.2
288.4
10.1
215.1
9.5
0.2
2818.6
159.1
65.2
53.2
180.1
42.2
499.8
132.0
8.9
9.7
122.2
50.4
101.5
38.1
10.0
20.4
5.3
8.4
21.8
10.2
539.0
6606.4
688.2
5918.3
52.7
1926.9

At end 2014
Trillion
cubic
Share of
metres
total

9.8
2.0
0.3
12.1
0.3
0.3
0.5
0.2
0.4
0.3
5.6
0.1
7.7
1.2

1.5
0.8
1.9
0.1
0.1
32.6
17.5
0.6
0.2
1.1
0.2
58.0
0.2
34.0
3.6
0.2
1.8
0.7
24.5
8.2
0.3
6.1
0.3

79.8
4.5
1.8
1.5
5.1
1.2
14.2
3.7
0.3
0.3
3.5
1.4
2.9
1.1
0.3
0.6
0.2
0.2
0.6
0.3
15.3
187.1
19.5
167.6
1.5
54.6

5.2%
1.1%
0.2%
6.5%
0.2%
0.2%
0.2%
0.1%
0.2%
0.2%
3.0%

4.1%
0.6%

0.8%
0.4%
1.0%
0.1%
0.1%
17.4%
9.3%
0.3%
0.1%
0.6%
0.1%
31.0%
0.1%
18.2%
1.9%
0.1%
1.0%
0.4%
13.1%
4.4%
0.2%
3.3%
0.1%

42.7%
2.4%
1.0%
0.8%
2.7%
0.6%
7.6%
2.0%
0.1%
0.1%
1.8%
0.8%
1.5%
0.6%
0.2%
0.3%
0.1%
0.1%
0.3%
0.2%
8.2%
100.0%
10.4%
89.6%
0.8%
29.2%

R/P
ratio

13.4
12.5
6.0
12.8
9.3
13.9
23.1
13.7
33.0
8.2
*
21.8
43.8
68.8
7.6
5.6
7.5
78.2
14.3
17.7
23.6
9.6
56.4
*
34.3
6.6
19.0
32.7
57.9
10.7
*
*
25.3
*
24.3
*
75.4
65.5
*
28.0
40.4
*
54.1
37.9
*
*
60.3
69.8
67.6
10.7
23.3
25.7
45.0
39.2
16.2
16.8
13.8
31.0
5.7
60.4
15.6
28.7
54.1
15.6
75.8
11.3
71.8

than 0.05%.
n/a not available.
Notes: Total proved reserves of natural gas Generally taken to be those quantities that geological and engineering information indicates with reasonable certainty can be recovered
in the future from known reservoirs under existing economic and operating conditions. The data series for proved natural gas reserves does not necessarily meet the definitions, guidelines
and practices used for determining proved reserves at company level, for instance as published by the US Securities and Exchange Commission, nor does it necessarily represent BPs view
of proved reserves by country.
Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratio If the reserves remaining at the end of any year are divided by the production in that year, the result is the length of time that those remaining reserves
would last if production were to continue at that rate.
Source of data The estimates in this table have been compiled using a combination of primary official sources and third-party data from Cedigaz and the OPEC Secretariat.

20

Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratios


Years

2014 by region

History
160

North America
S. & Cent. America
Europe & Eurasia
Africa

750

Middle East
Asia Pacific
World

600

120

450

80

300

40
150

North
America

S. & Cent.
America

Europe &
Eurasia

Middle
East

Africa

Asia
Pacific

84

89

94

99

04

09

14

World proven natural gas reserves at end-2014 stood at 187.1 trillion cubic metres (tcm), sufficient to meet 54.1 years of global production. Proved reserves grew by 0.3%
relative to end-2013. Growth in Russia (+0.4 tcm), Azerbaijan (+0.3 tcm) and the US (+0.2 tcm) accounted for all of the gross increase in global proved reserves in 2014.
Iran (34.0 tcm) and Russia (32.6 tcm) hold the largest proved reserves.

Distribution of proved reserves in 1994, 2004 and 2014


Percentage

Middle East
Europe & Eurasia
Asia Pacific
Africa
North America
S. & Cent. America

4.1

42.7

6.5

4.4

46.1
7.6

4.8

4.8

38.2

9.1

7.1

8.2

7.7

8.1

8.3

1994
Total 119.1
trillion cubic
metres

2004
Total 156.5
trillion cubic
metres

34.1
27.3

2014
Total 187.1
trillion cubic
metres

31.0

21

Production*
Billion cubic metres

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Bolivia
Brazil
Colombia
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Azerbaijan
Denmark
Germany
Italy
Kazakhstan
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Romania
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Bahrain
Iran
Iraq
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Yemen
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
Libya
Nigeria
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Myanmar
Pakistan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
Former Soviet Union

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

526.4
183.7
43.4
753.5
44.9
9.8
11.0
6.4
0.9
30.2
28.4
3.1
134.7
4.5
9.4
16.4
11.9
12.3
68.5
79.2
4.4
12.8
573.3
52.8
18.4
96.4
54.2
11.0
1025.3
9.8
96.4
1.0
11.9
18.5
39.2
65.7
6.4
46.3

1.5
296.6
82.0
33.0
8.1
24.4
8.9
156.4
35.3
12.8
12.2
42.8
29.2
74.6
56.7
10.2
34.5
22.4
4.2
10.0
344.8
2711.3
1092.8
1618.5
229.5
715.7

511.1
187.1
52.2
750.5
45.6
12.0
10.9
6.7
1.5
33.0
27.4
3.4
140.7
5.2
10.4
15.8
11.1
12.7
62.5
85.8
4.3
12.4
580.1
57.0
18.6
88.2
54.0
10.7
1028.8
10.7
102.3
1.5
12.2
19.8
45.8
71.2
5.5
47.8

1.9
318.7
88.2
42.5
11.3
25.1
10.2
177.3
37.1
13.8
12.0
51.0
29.6
75.1
62.3
12.2
39.1
23.7
6.4
11.0
373.4
2789.3
1084.3
1705.0
214.1
727.8

524.0
188.4
57.3
769.7
46.1
12.9
11.2
7.0
1.8
40.1
31.5
3.8
154.3
6.1
10.4
15.6
10.1
13.0
61.6
88.7
4.3
11.9
595.2
60.4
18.7
80.0
56.6
10.5
1043.0
11.3
111.5
1.5
12.5
23.7
50.7
73.5
5.6
48.8

2.6
341.6
84.5
54.7
13.2
29.6
10.3
192.2
38.9
15.1
12.6
60.5
29.3
74.3
62.7
12.6
39.8
24.3
7.0
14.6
391.7
2892.5
1097.4
1795.1
203.0
750.3

545.6
182.7
53.6
781.8
44.8
13.8
11.2
7.5
2.7
42.2
36.1
3.9
162.3
9.8
9.2
14.3
8.9
15.1
60.5
90.3
4.3
11.5
592.0
65.4
18.7
72.1
58.2
10.7
1041.2
11.8
125.0
1.5
12.1
24.0
63.2
74.4
5.6
50.3

3.0
370.8
84.8
55.7
15.3
36.9
12.1
204.7
40.0
15.9
12.3
71.5
30.1
71.5
61.5
13.5
40.5
26.0
7.1
17.4
407.3
2968.1
1101.0
1867.1
190.2
759.5

570.8
176.6
53.4
800.8
44.1
14.3
14.0
9.1
3.4
42.0
32.8
3.7
163.2
14.8
10.1
13.0
8.5
16.9
66.6
100.1
4.1
11.4
601.7
66.1
19.0
69.6
57.8
10.2
1070.0
12.7
132.4
1.9
12.8
24.1
77.0
80.4
5.3
50.2

3.6
400.3
85.8
59.0
15.9
36.2
15.4
212.3
38.3
17.0
12.2
83.0
30.5
73.7
63.8
12.4
41.4
28.8
7.5
18.3
426.9
3073.4
1131.0
1942.4
192.1
776.5

584.0
164.0
59.3
807.3
41.4
12.3
11.9
10.5
3.5
43.6
31.0
4.2
158.5
14.8
8.4
12.2
7.3
16.4
62.7
104.4
4.1
11.3
527.7
36.4
19.3
59.7
55.6
10.1
950.3
12.8
144.2
1.1
11.5
24.8
94.2
78.5
5.6
48.8
0.8
2.9
425.1
79.6
62.7
15.9
26.0
15.8
200.0
42.3
18.5
11.4
88.1
39.2
76.9
61.1
11.6
41.6
30.9
8.0
18.6
448.2
2989.4
1128.4
1860.9
174.7
670.3

603.6
159.9
57.6
821.1
40.1
14.2
14.6
11.3
7.2
44.8
27.4
3.6
163.2
15.1
8.2
10.6
7.7
15.9
70.5
107.3
4.1
10.9
588.9
42.4
18.5
57.1
54.4
10.1
1021.7
13.1
152.4
1.3
11.7
27.1
126.3
87.7
8.0
51.3
6.2
3.4
488.6
80.4
61.3
16.8
37.3
17.5
213.3
45.9
19.9
12.3
99.0
50.8
85.7
62.6
12.4
42.3
36.2
9.4
18.2
494.7
3202.6
1152.6
2050.0
178.0
735.4

648.5
159.7
58.3
866.5
38.8
15.6
16.7
11.0
11.3
43.1
27.6
3.1
167.2
14.8
6.6
10.0
7.7
17.5
64.2
101.3
4.3
10.9
607.0
59.5
18.7
45.2
57.0
9.5
1034.2
13.3
159.9
0.9
13.5
26.5
161.1
92.3
7.1
52.3
9.4
4.4
540.7
82.7
61.4
7.9
40.6
17.7
210.2
46.5
20.1
12.8
108.8
46.1
81.5
62.2
12.8
42.3
37.0
8.5
18.4
496.9
3315.7
1171.6
2144.1
157.0
774.8

680.5
156.0
57.2
893.8
37.7
17.8
19.3
12.0
11.9
42.7
29.5
2.9
173.7
15.6
5.8
9.0
7.9
18.4
63.9
114.7
4.3
10.9
592.3
62.3
18.6
38.9
56.9
8.8
1028.2
13.7
165.6
0.6
15.5
30.0
170.5
99.3
5.2
54.3
7.6
2.7
565.1
81.5
60.9
12.2
43.3
17.5
215.4
51.6
21.1
12.6
114.3
40.3
77.1
61.6
12.7
43.7
41.4
9.4
18.2
504.0
3380.2
1207.3
2172.9
148.1
764.3

689.1
156.1
58.2
903.3
35.5
20.3
18.7
12.6
12.2
42.8
28.4
2.7
173.3
16.2
4.8
8.2
7.1
18.6
68.7
108.7
4.2
10.9
604.7
62.3
19.3
36.5
56.9
7.5
1034.7
15.8
164.0
1.2
16.3
30.5
176.5
100.0
4.7
54.6
10.3
6.5
580.5
81.5
56.1
11.0
36.2
19.9
204.7
53.4
22.7
12.2
124.9
33.7
72.1
67.2
13.1
42.7
41.8
9.8
18.8
512.3
3408.8
1214.9
2194.0
146.6
778.3

Change
2014 over
2013
2014

728.3
162.0
58.1
948.4
35.4
21.4
20.0
11.8
12.9
42.1
28.6
2.7
175.0
16.9
4.6
7.7
6.6
19.3
55.8
108.8
4.2
11.4
578.7
69.3
18.6
36.6
57.3
6.7
1002.4
16.9
172.6
1.3
16.4
29.0
177.2
108.2
4.4
57.8
9.6
7.7
601.0
83.3
48.7
12.2
38.6
19.8
202.6
55.3
23.6
11.9
134.5
31.7
73.4
66.4
16.8
42.0
42.1
10.2
23.3
531.2
3460.6
1248.2
2212.4
132.3
760.3

6.1%
3.8%
-0.2%
5.3%
-0.3%
5.6%
7.0%
-6.3%
6.0%
-1.8%
0.5%
0.2%
1.0%
4.6%
-4.8%
-6.1%
-7.6%
3.4%
-18.7%
0.1%
-2.0%
5.4%
-4.3%
11.1%
-3.7%
0.3%
0.7%
-11.6%
-3.1%
7.2%
5.2%
6.4%
0.5%
-4.9%
0.4%
8.2%
-7.9%
5.8%
-6.3%
17.2%
3.5%
2.2%
-13.1%
10.9%
6.6%
-0.4%
-1.0%
3.6%
4.1%
-2.9%
7.7%
-5.9%
1.7%
-1.2%
28.6%
-1.6%
0.8%
4.7%
23.7%
3.7%
1.6%
3.0%
0.8%
-9.8%
-2.3%

2014
share of
total

21.4%
4.7%
1.7%
27.7%
1.0%
0.6%
0.6%
0.3%
0.4%
1.2%
0.8%
0.1%
5.0%
0.5%
0.1%
0.2%
0.2%
0.6%
1.6%
3.1%
0.1%
0.3%
16.7%
2.0%
0.5%
1.1%
1.6%
0.2%
28.8%
0.5%
5.0%

0.5%
0.8%
5.1%
3.1%
0.1%
1.7%
0.3%
0.2%
17.3%
2.4%
1.4%
0.4%
1.1%
0.6%
5.8%
1.6%
0.7%
0.3%
3.9%
0.9%
2.1%
1.9%
0.5%
1.2%
1.2%
0.3%
0.7%
15.3%
100.0%
36.3%
63.7%
3.8%
21.9%

*E xcludes gas flared or recycled. Includes natural gas produced for Gas-to-Liquids transformation.
Source: Includes data from Cedigaz.
Less than 0.05%.
Notes: As far as possible, the data above represents standard cubic metres (measured at 15C and 1013 mbar); as they are derived directly from tonnes of oil equivalent using an average
conversion factor, they do not necessarily equate with gas volumes expressed in specific national terms.
Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using million tonnes of oil equivalent figures.
Natural gas production data expressed in billion cubic feet per day is available at bp.com/statisticalreview

22

Consumption*
Billion cubic metres

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Israel
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
Former Soviet Union

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

634.4
95.1
54.3
783.7
37.9
18.8
8.7
6.4
0.3
0.9
14.7
28.4
3.0
119.0
9.5
8.3
17.9
16.2
2.8
9.1
5.2
4.3
45.1
85.9
2.7
13.8
4.1
73.9
5.7
3.1
40.9
4.6
13.2
3.7
17.5
389.3
6.1
28.0
0.8
3.0
22.1
15.0
68.5
97.4
43.4
16.9
1077.9
98.7
1.2
11.9
15.0
65.7
40.2
26.5
259.3
22.0
31.7
2.1
25.3
81.1
22.8
12.8
41.0
2.7
31.9
35.7
77.0
30.5
3.9
34.5
2.4
6.5
28.4
9.3
29.9
4.2
4.5
377.7
2698.8
1418.3
1280.5
491.0
559.8

623.4
97.8
60.9
782.1
40.4
19.6
8.4
6.7
0.3
1.5
16.3
27.4
3.4
124.0
10.0
8.6
18.4
16.4
3.1
9.5
5.0
4.0
44.8
86.2
2.7
14.7
3.9
79.1
5.4
3.3
39.3
4.5
13.6
4.2
17.6
394.0
6.6
33.2
0.8
3.1
26.9
16.1
69.0
94.9
42.7
17.1
1098.4
102.8
1.7
12.2
18.7
71.2
42.1
28.4
277.0
23.2
31.6
3.1
27.5
85.5
22.2
13.8
48.3
2.7
35.7
35.9
78.6
34.9
3.6
39.1
3.1
6.5
30.4
9.4
32.5
6.4
5.2
408.2
2775.2
1433.2
1342.0
500.4
566.7

614.4
96.9
66.6
778.0
41.8
20.6
7.8
7.0
0.4
1.8
21.2
31.5
3.9
136.0
9.4
9.1
18.8
16.7
3.2
9.3
5.1
4.2
43.7
87.2
3.1
14.5
4.4
77.4
9.5
3.2
38.1
4.4
13.7
4.1
18.1
415.0
6.0
34.7
0.9
3.0
30.5
18.4
67.0
90.0
41.9
17.5
1122.0
112.0
2.3
12.5
19.6
73.5
43.4
31.4
294.7
23.7
36.5
3.5
25.4
89.1
24.4
15.1
58.0
2.9
37.3
36.6
83.7
35.3
3.7
39.8
3.0
8.6
32.0
10.1
33.3
7.0
5.5
436.3
2856.1
1435.6
1420.4
494.9
592.1

654.2
96.2
63.4
813.8
43.9
21.2
4.6
7.4
0.5
2.7
21.9
36.2
4.4
142.7
8.9
8.0
18.8
16.6
3.2
8.7
4.6
3.9
42.4
82.9
3.7
13.5
4.8
77.8
8.1
3.6
37.0
4.3
13.8
4.3
16.1
422.0
5.7
35.3
1.0
2.9
36.1
21.3
63.2
91.0
45.9
18.0
1127.2
125.5
2.8
12.1
19.3
74.4
49.2
32.4
315.7
24.3
38.4
3.5
29.9
96.0
26.6
15.9
72.9
2.7
40.3
34.1
90.2
35.5
4.0
40.5
3.6
8.6
34.7
10.7
35.4
7.1
6.0
468.9
2964.4
1479.1
1485.3
486.9
600.3

659.1
96.1
66.3
821.5
44.4
24.9
2.7
7.6
0.4
3.4
21.3
34.3
4.7
143.7
9.5
9.2
19.3
16.5
3.2
8.7
4.6
4.0
43.8
81.2
3.9
13.4
5.0
77.8
10.5
3.2
38.6
4.3
14.9
4.7
15.9
416.0
5.7
38.8
0.9
3.1
37.5
21.4
60.0
93.8
48.7
17.5
1135.8
134.8
3.8
12.8
19.3
80.4
59.5
36.5
347.0
25.4
40.8
3.7
31.0
100.9
25.5
17.0
84.0
3.2
41.5
39.1
93.7
39.2
3.8
41.4
3.7
9.2
35.7
11.6
37.4
7.5
5.7
499.3
3048.2
1500.7
1547.5
496.2
597.4

648.7
94.9
72.2
815.9
43.2
20.1
3.1
8.7
0.5
3.5
22.2
32.8
5.0
139.1
9.3
7.8
16.1
16.8
2.3
8.2
4.4
3.6
41.8
78.0
3.3
11.7
4.7
71.5
5.9
2.7
38.9
4.1
14.4
4.7
13.3
389.6
4.9
34.7
1.1
3.0
35.7
19.7
46.8
87.1
39.9
15.4
1041.5
143.2
4.2
12.4
24.9
78.5
59.1
38.9
361.1
27.2
42.5
3.4
26.5
99.6
25.2
18.5
92.5
3.1
52.4
41.5
87.4
35.4
4.0
41.6
3.8
9.7
33.9
11.4
39.2
8.0
5.2
512.6
2969.9
1458.6
1511.3
464.6
536.7

682.1
95.0
72.5
849.6
43.3
26.8
5.3
9.1
0.6
5.4
23.2
29.6
5.4
148.6
10.1
7.4
19.7
18.8
2.6
9.3
5.0
3.9
46.9
83.3
3.6
12.5
5.2
76.2
7.1
3.1
43.6
4.1
15.5
5.1
13.6
414.1
5.6
34.6
1.6
3.3
39.0
22.6
52.2
94.2
40.8
16.7
1121.3
152.9
5.3
14.5
30.0
87.7
60.8
44.2
395.4
26.3
45.1
3.9
31.9
107.2
26.0
19.9
110.5
3.8
62.7
43.4
94.5
34.5
4.3
42.3
3.5
8.8
43.0
14.1
45.1
9.4
5.8
571.6
3193.7
1552.4
1641.3
502.0
575.5

693.1
100.9
76.6
870.6
45.7
26.7
5.4
8.8
0.5
6.1
23.3
29.7
5.8
152.1
9.5
8.1
18.3
16.6
2.9
8.4
4.2
3.5
40.5
74.5
4.4
11.1
4.6
71.4
8.4
3.4
38.1
4.4
15.7
5.2
13.9
424.6
5.2
32.1
1.3
3.0
44.7
23.5
53.7
78.2
47.6
16.9
1097.8
162.4
5.0
17.0
38.2
92.3
63.2
40.6
418.7
27.8
49.6
3.9
32.5
113.9
26.5
20.1
134.9
3.1
63.5
42.1
105.5
34.8
3.9
42.3
3.9
8.7
46.3
15.5
46.6
8.5
6.2
612.2
3265.3
1542.1
1723.2
451.8
596.6

723.2
100.3
79.9
903.4
47.0
31.7
4.9
9.8
0.7
6.8
22.2
31.6
7.0
161.7
9.0
8.5
18.5
16.9
2.7
8.4
3.9
3.1
42.2
78.4
4.1
10.1
4.5
68.7
6.8
3.3
36.4
4.4
16.6
4.5
13.5
416.2
4.9
31.7
1.1
3.3
45.3
26.3
49.6
73.9
47.2
16.8
1080.9
161.5
2.6
18.4
41.0
99.3
65.6
42.2
430.5
31.0
52.6
4.0
34.2
121.8
27.8
21.1
151.2
2.8
59.2
42.2
113.5
35.5
4.2
43.7
3.7
9.4
50.2
16.3
51.3
9.4
6.2
647.6
3345.8
1580.4
1765.4
444.9
585.9

739.9
103.9
84.7
928.5
47.7
37.3
4.9
10.0
0.6
6.6
22.4
31.0
7.9
168.4
8.5
8.6
18.5
16.8
2.6
8.5
3.7
2.8
42.8
82.5
3.6
9.2
4.3
64.2
4.6
2.7
37.0
4.4
16.6
4.3
12.6
413.5
5.3
29.0
1.1
3.4
45.6
22.9
45.6
73.4
46.8
15.2
1060.8
159.4
7.0
18.5
41.0
100.0
66.8
45.0
437.7
33.4
51.4
3.8
31.6
120.3
29.2
22.7
170.8
2.6
51.4
36.5
113.5
40.3
4.5
42.7
3.4
10.5
52.5
16.3
52.3
9.8
6.3
665.3
3381.0
1609.7
1771.3
437.9
571.4

Change
2014 over
2013
2014

759.4
104.2
85.8
949.4
47.2
39.6
4.8
10.9
0.6
7.2
22.0
29.8
7.9
170.1
7.8
9.2
18.3
14.7
2.6
7.5
3.2
2.4
35.9
70.9
2.7
8.4
4.1
56.8
5.6
2.6
32.1
4.7
16.3
3.8
11.7
409.2
3.7
26.3
0.9
3.0
48.6
27.7
38.4
66.7
48.8
14.9
1009.6
170.2
7.6
20.1
44.8
108.2
69.3
44.9
465.2
37.5
48.0
4.1
30.5
120.1
29.2
23.6
185.5
2.5
50.6
38.4
112.5
41.0
4.8
42.0
3.6
10.8
47.8
17.2
52.7
10.2
6.2
678.6
3393.0
1578.6
1814.3
386.9
568.5

2.9%
0.3%
1.4%
2.5%
-1.1%
6.3%
-2.2%
9.3%
5.5%
9.8%
-2.0%
-4.0%
0.1%
1.0%
-8.4%
7.4%
-1.0%
-12.3%
-0.7%
-11.3%
-15.3%
-14.3%
-16.3%
-14.0%
-23.5%
-9.5%
-3.9%
-11.6%
23.9%
-5.1%
-13.3%
5.6%
-2.1%
-11.4%
-6.7%
-1.0%
-30.6%
-9.3%
-13.9%
-12.9%
6.5%
21.1%
-15.7%
-9.2%
4.1%
-1.8%
-4.8%
6.8%
8.8%
8.2%
9.3%
8.2%
3.8%
-0.3%
6.3%
12.4%
-6.6%
6.9%
-3.6%
-0.1%
-0.1%
4.1%
8.6%
-3.9%
-1.5%
5.1%
-0.9%
1.8%
7.5%
-1.6%
5.3%
2.7%
-9.0%
5.2%
0.9%
4.7%
-2.2%
2.0%
0.4%
-1.8%
2.4%
-11.6%
-0.5%

2014
share of
total

22.7%
3.1%
2.5%
28.3%
1.4%
1.2%
0.1%
0.3%

0.2%
0.6%
0.9%
0.2%
5.0%
0.2%
0.3%
0.5%
0.4%
0.1%
0.2%
0.1%
0.1%
1.1%
2.1%
0.1%
0.2%
0.1%
1.7%
0.2%
0.1%
0.9%
0.1%
0.5%
0.1%
0.3%
12.0%
0.1%
0.8%

0.1%
1.4%
0.8%
1.1%
2.0%
1.4%
0.4%
29.6%
5.0%
0.2%
0.6%
1.3%
3.2%
2.0%
1.3%
13.7%
1.1%
1.4%
0.1%
0.9%
3.5%
0.9%
0.7%
5.4%
0.1%
1.5%
1.1%
3.3%
1.2%
0.1%
1.2%
0.1%
0.3%
1.4%
0.5%
1.5%
0.3%
0.2%
19.9%
100.0%
46.7%
53.3%
11.4%
16.7%

*Excludes natural gas converted to liquid fuels but includes derivatives of coal as well as natural gas consumed in Gas-to-Liquids transformation.
Source: Includes data from Cedigaz.
than 0.05%.
Notes: As far as possible, the data above represents standard cubic metres (measured at 15C and 1013 mbar); as they are derived directly from tonnes of oil equivalent using an average
conversion factor, they do not necessarily equate with gas volumes expressed in specific national terms.
The difference between these world consumption figures and the world production statistics is due to variations in stocks at storage facilities and liquefaction plants, together with unavoidable
disparities in the definition, measurement or conversion of gas supply and demand data.
Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using million tonnes of oil equivalent figures.
Natural gas consumption data expressed in billion cubic feet per day is available at bp.com/statisticalreview

Less

23

Production*
Million tonnes oil equivalent

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Bolivia
Brazil
Colombia
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Azerbaijan
Denmark
Germany
Italy
Kazakhstan
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Romania
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Bahrain
Iran
Iraq
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Yemen
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
Libya
Nigeria
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Myanmar
Pakistan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
Former Soviet Union

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

480.7
165.3
39.0
685.0
40.4
8.8
9.9
5.7
0.8
27.2
25.6
2.8
121.2
4.1
8.5
14.7
10.7
11.1
61.6
71.3
3.9
11.5
516.0
47.5
16.5
86.7
48.8
9.9
922.7
8.8
86.8
0.9
10.7
16.7
35.3
59.1
5.8
41.7

1.3
266.9
73.8
29.7
7.3
22.0
8.0
140.8
31.7
11.5
11.0
38.6
26.3
67.1
51.0
9.2
31.0
20.1
3.7
9.0
310.3
2447.0
990.4
1456.6
206.5
644.1

467.6
168.4
47.0
683.0
41.1
10.8
9.8
6.0
1.4
29.7
24.7
3.1
126.6
4.7
9.4
14.2
10.0
11.4
56.3
77.3
3.9
11.2
522.1
51.3
16.7
79.4
48.6
9.6
925.9
9.6
92.1
1.3
11.0
17.8
41.2
64.1
4.9
43.0

1.7
286.8
79.4
38.3
10.2
22.5
9.2
159.5
33.4
12.4
10.8
45.9
26.7
67.6
56.1
11.0
35.1
21.3
5.8
9.9
336.1
2518.0
983.4
1534.5
192.7
655.0

479.3
169.6
51.6
700.5
41.5
11.6
10.0
6.3
1.6
36.1
28.3
3.4
138.9
5.5
9.4
14.1
9.1
11.7
55.4
79.8
3.9
10.7
535.6
54.3
16.9
72.0
51.0
9.4
938.7
10.2
100.3
1.3
11.3
21.3
45.6
66.1
5.1
43.9

2.3
307.4
76.0
49.2
11.9
26.6
9.2
173.0
35.0
13.6
11.3
54.4
26.4
66.9
56.4
11.3
35.8
21.9
6.3
13.1
352.5
2611.0
995.4
1615.6
182.7
675.3

498.6
164.4
48.2
711.2
40.3
12.4
10.1
6.8
2.4
38.0
32.5
3.5
146.1
8.8
8.3
12.9
8.0
13.6
54.5
81.3
3.9
10.4
532.8
58.9
16.9
64.9
52.4
9.6
937.0
10.6
112.5
1.3
10.9
21.6
56.9
67.0
5.0
45.3

2.7
333.7
76.3
50.1
13.8
33.2
10.9
184.3
36.0
14.3
11.0
64.4
27.1
64.4
55.4
12.2
36.5
23.4
6.4
15.6
366.6
2678.9
998.6
1680.4
171.2
683.6

521.7
158.9
48.0
728.6
39.7
12.9
12.6
8.2
3.1
37.8
29.5
3.3
146.9
13.3
9.1
11.7
7.6
15.2
60.0
90.1
3.7
10.3
541.5
59.5
17.1
62.7
52.0
9.2
963.0
11.4
119.2
1.7
11.5
21.7
69.3
72.4
4.8
45.2

3.3
360.3
77.2
53.1
14.3
32.6
13.9
191.1
34.4
15.3
10.9
74.7
27.5
66.4
57.4
11.2
37.3
25.9
6.7
16.5
384.2
2774.0
1025.9
1748.2
172.9
698.8

532.7
147.6
53.3
733.6
37.3
11.1
10.7
9.5
3.1
39.3
27.9
3.8
142.7
13.3
7.6
11.0
6.6
14.8
56.4
94.0
3.7
10.1
474.9
32.7
17.3
53.7
50.0
9.1
855.2
11.5
129.8
1.0
10.3
22.3
84.8
70.6
5.0
44.0
0.7
2.6
382.6
71.6
56.4
14.3
23.4
14.2
180.0
38.1
16.7
10.3
79.3
35.3
69.2
55.0
10.4
37.4
27.8
7.2
16.7
403.4
2697.5
1022.7
1674.8
157.2
603.3

549.5
143.9
51.8
745.2
36.1
12.8
13.1
10.1
6.5
40.3
24.7
3.2
146.9
13.6
7.4
9.6
6.9
14.3
63.5
96.5
3.7
9.8
530.0
38.1
16.7
51.4
49.0
9.1
919.5
11.8
137.1
1.2
10.6
24.4
113.7
78.9
7.2
46.2
5.6
3.1
439.7
72.4
55.2
15.1
33.6
15.7
192.0
41.3
17.9
11.1
89.1
45.8
77.1
56.3
11.2
38.1
32.6
8.5
16.4
445.3
2888.6
1043.6
1845.0
160.2
661.8

589.8
143.7
52.4
786.0
34.9
14.0
15.1
9.9
10.2
38.8
24.8
2.8
150.5
13.3
5.9
9.0
7.0
15.7
57.8
91.1
3.8
9.8
546.3
53.6
16.8
40.7
51.3
8.5
930.8
12.0
143.9
0.8
12.2
23.9
145.0
83.0
6.4
47.1
8.5
4.0
486.6
74.4
55.3
7.1
36.5
15.9
189.2
41.9
18.1
11.5
98.0
41.5
73.3
56.0
11.5
38.1
33.3
7.6
16.6
447.2
2990.3
1060.6
1929.7
141.3
697.3

620.2
140.4
51.5
812.1
34.0
16.0
17.3
10.8
10.7
38.4
26.5
2.7
156.4
14.0
5.2
8.1
7.1
16.5
57.5
103.3
3.9
9.8
533.0
56.1
16.7
35.0
51.2
7.9
925.4
12.4
149.1
0.6
14.0
27.0
153.4
89.4
4.7
48.9
6.8
2.4
508.6
73.4
54.8
11.0
39.0
15.8
193.8
46.4
19.0
11.3
102.9
36.3
69.4
55.4
11.5
39.4
37.3
8.4
16.4
453.6
3049.9
1094.2
1955.6
133.3
687.9

629.8
140.5
52.4
822.6
32.0
18.3
16.9
11.4
11.0
38.6
25.6
2.4
156.0
14.6
4.4
7.4
6.4
16.7
61.8
97.9
3.8
9.8
544.2
56.1
17.3
32.8
51.2
6.8
931.2
14.2
147.6
1.1
14.7
27.5
158.8
90.0
4.3
49.1
9.2
5.9
522.4
73.4
50.5
9.9
32.6
17.9
184.2
48.0
20.4
11.0
112.4
30.3
64.9
60.5
11.8
38.4
37.6
8.8
16.9
461.1
3077.6
1103.0
1974.6
132.0
700.4

*Excludes gas flared or recycled. Includes natural gas produced for Gas-to-Liquids transformation.
Less than 0.05%.

24

Change
2014 over
2013
2014

668.2
145.8
52.3
866.3
31.9
19.3
18.0
10.7
11.6
37.9
25.7
2.4
157.5
15.3
4.2
6.9
5.9
17.3
50.2
97.9
3.7
10.3
520.9
62.3
16.7
32.9
51.6
6.0
902.1
15.2
155.3
1.1
14.7
26.1
159.5
97.4
3.9
52.0
8.7
6.9
540.9
75.0
43.8
11.0
34.7
17.8
182.4
49.8
21.2
10.7
121.0
28.5
66.1
59.8
15.2
37.8
37.9
9.2
21.0
478.1
3127.3
1136.2
1991.1
119.1
684.3

6.1%
3.8%
-0.2%
5.3%
-0.3%
5.6%
7.0%
-6.3%
6.0%
-1.8%
0.5%
0.2%
1.0%
4.6%
-4.8%
-6.1%
-7.6%
3.4%
-18.7%
0.1%
-2.0%
5.4%
-4.3%
11.1%
-3.7%
0.3%
0.7%
-11.6%
-3.1%
7.2%
5.2%
6.4%
0.5%
-4.9%
0.4%
8.2%
-7.9%
5.8%
-6.3%
17.2%
3.5%
2.2%
-13.1%
10.9%
6.6%
-0.4%
-1.0%
3.6%
4.1%
-2.9%
7.7%
-5.9%
1.7%
-1.2%
28.6%
-1.6%
0.8%
4.7%
23.7%
3.7%
1.6%
3.0%
0.8%
-9.8%
-2.3%

2014
share of
total

21.4%
4.7%
1.7%
27.7%
1.0%
0.6%
0.6%
0.3%
0.4%
1.2%
0.8%
0.1%
5.0%
0.5%
0.1%
0.2%
0.2%
0.6%
1.6%
3.1%
0.1%
0.3%
16.7%
2.0%
0.5%
1.1%
1.6%
0.2%
28.8%
0.5%
5.0%

0.5%
0.8%
5.1%
3.1%
0.1%
1.7%
0.3%
0.2%
17.3%
2.4%
1.4%
0.4%
1.1%
0.6%
5.8%
1.6%
0.7%
0.3%
3.9%
0.9%
2.1%
1.9%
0.5%
1.2%
1.2%
0.3%
0.7%
15.3%
100.0%
36.3%
63.7%
3.8%
21.9%

Source: Includes data from Cedigaz.

Consumption*
Million tonnes oil equivalent

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Israel
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
Former Soviet Union

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

577.7
85.6
48.8
712.1
34.1
16.9
7.8
5.7
0.3
0.8
13.2
25.6
2.7
107.1
8.5
7.5
16.1
14.6
2.5
8.2
4.7
3.9
40.6
77.3
2.4
12.5
3.7
66.5
5.1
2.8
36.8
4.1
11.9
3.4
15.7
350.4
5.5
25.2
0.7
2.7
19.9
13.5
61.7
87.6
39.1
15.2
970.1
88.9
1.1
10.7
13.5
59.1
36.2
23.9
233.4
19.8
28.5
1.9
22.7
73.0
20.5
11.5
36.9
2.4
28.7
32.1
69.3
27.4
3.5
31.0
2.1
5.9
25.5
8.4
26.9
3.7
4.1
340.0
2435.6
1283.2
1152.4
441.9
503.8

568.6
88.0
54.8
711.5
36.4
17.6
7.5
6.0
0.3
1.4
14.7
24.7
3.1
111.6
9.0
7.7
16.5
14.7
2.8
8.5
4.5
3.6
40.3
77.6
2.4
13.3
3.5
71.2
4.9
2.9
35.4
4.0
12.2
3.8
15.8
354.6
5.9
29.8
0.7
2.8
24.2
14.5
62.1
85.4
38.4
15.4
988.6
92.5
1.5
11.0
16.8
64.1
37.8
25.5
249.3
20.9
28.4
2.8
24.8
77.0
19.9
12.4
43.5
2.4
32.1
32.3
70.7
31.4
3.2
35.1
2.8
5.9
27.3
8.5
29.3
5.8
4.7
367.3
2505.3
1297.5
1207.8
450.4
510.0

560.4
87.3
59.9
707.6
37.6
18.5
7.0
6.3
0.4
1.6
19.1
28.3
3.5
122.4
8.5
8.2
16.9
15.0
2.9
8.4
4.6
3.8
39.3
78.5
2.8
13.1
3.9
69.7
8.5
2.9
34.3
4.0
12.4
3.7
16.3
373.5
5.4
31.2
0.8
2.7
27.4
16.5
60.3
81.0
37.7
15.7
1009.8
100.8
2.1
11.3
17.6
66.1
39.0
28.3
265.2
21.4
32.9
3.1
22.9
80.2
22.0
13.6
52.2
2.6
33.5
32.9
75.4
31.8
3.3
35.8
2.7
7.7
28.8
9.1
30.0
6.3
4.9
392.7
2577.9
1299.5
1278.4
445.4
532.9

596.3
86.6
57.1
739.9
39.5
19.1
4.1
6.7
0.4
2.4
19.7
32.5
3.9
128.5
8.0
7.2
16.9
14.9
2.9
7.8
4.1
3.5
38.2
74.6
3.3
12.2
4.3
70.0
7.3
3.3
33.3
3.8
12.4
3.9
14.5
379.8
5.1
31.8
0.9
2.6
32.5
19.1
56.9
81.9
41.3
16.2
1014.5
113.0
2.5
10.9
17.4
67.0
44.3
29.1
284.1
21.9
34.5
3.1
26.9
86.4
23.9
14.3
65.6
2.5
36.3
30.7
81.2
31.9
3.6
36.5
3.2
7.7
31.2
9.6
31.8
6.4
5.4
422.0
2675.4
1338.7
1336.8
438.2
540.3

600.8
86.5
59.7
747.0
40.0
22.4
2.4
6.8
0.4
3.1
19.2
30.9
4.3
129.3
8.6
8.2
17.4
14.8
2.9
7.8
4.1
3.6
39.4
73.1
3.5
12.1
4.5
70.0
9.4
2.9
34.7
3.9
13.5
4.3
14.3
374.4
5.2
34.9
0.8
2.8
33.8
19.3
54.0
84.4
43.8
15.7
1022.2
121.3
3.4
11.5
17.4
72.4
53.5
32.9
312.3
22.8
36.8
3.4
27.9
90.8
23.0
15.3
75.6
2.9
37.4
35.2
84.4
35.3
3.4
37.3
3.4
8.3
32.1
10.5
33.6
6.7
5.1
449.4
2751.0
1358.3
1392.8
446.6
537.6

590.1
85.4
65.0
740.5
38.9
18.1
2.8
7.8
0.5
3.1
19.9
29.5
4.5
125.2
8.4
7.0
14.5
15.1
2.1
7.4
4.0
3.2
37.6
70.2
2.9
10.5
4.3
64.4
5.3
2.5
35.0
3.7
13.0
4.2
11.9
350.7
4.4
31.2
1.0
2.7
32.1
17.7
42.1
78.4
35.9
13.9
937.4
128.9
3.8
11.1
22.4
70.6
53.2
35.0
325.0
24.5
38.3
3.0
23.8
89.6
22.7
16.7
83.2
2.8
47.1
37.3
78.7
31.8
3.6
37.4
3.4
8.7
30.5
10.2
35.3
7.2
4.6
461.4
2679.1
1318.9
1360.2
418.2
483.0

619.3
85.5
65.2
770.0
39.0
24.1
4.8
8.2
0.5
4.9
20.9
26.7
4.8
133.8
9.1
6.7
17.8
17.0
2.3
8.4
4.5
3.6
42.2
75.0
3.2
11.3
4.7
68.6
6.3
2.8
39.2
3.7
14.0
4.6
12.2
372.7
5.0
31.1
1.4
3.0
35.1
20.4
47.0
84.8
36.8
15.0
1009.2
137.6
4.8
13.1
27.0
78.9
54.7
39.8
355.9
23.7
40.6
3.5
28.7
96.5
23.4
17.9
99.4
3.4
56.4
39.1
85.1
31.0
3.9
38.1
3.2
7.9
38.7
12.7
40.5
8.5
5.2
514.4
2879.7
1402.5
1477.2
451.8
518.0

628.8
90.8
68.9
788.6
41.1
24.0
4.8
8.0
0.5
5.5
21.0
26.7
5.2
136.9
8.5
7.3
16.5
14.9
2.6
7.6
3.8
3.1
36.4
67.1
4.0
10.0
4.1
64.3
7.6
3.1
34.3
4.0
14.1
4.7
12.5
382.1
4.6
28.9
1.1
2.7
40.2
21.2
48.3
70.4
42.9
15.2
988.0
146.2
4.5
15.3
34.4
83.0
56.9
36.6
376.8
25.1
44.7
3.5
29.2
102.5
23.9
18.1
121.4
2.7
57.2
37.9
94.9
31.3
3.5
38.1
3.5
7.9
41.7
14.0
41.9
7.6
5.6
551.0
2943.8
1392.9
1550.9
406.6
536.9

657.4
90.2
71.9
819.6
42.3
28.5
4.4
8.9
0.6
6.1
20.0
28.5
6.3
145.5
8.1
7.7
16.7
15.2
2.5
7.5
3.5
2.7
38.0
70.5
3.7
9.1
4.0
61.8
6.1
3.0
32.8
3.9
15.0
4.0
12.2
374.6
4.4
28.6
1.0
2.9
40.7
23.7
44.6
66.5
42.5
15.1
972.8
145.4
2.3
16.6
36.9
89.4
59.0
37.9
387.5
27.9
47.3
3.6
30.8
109.7
25.1
19.0
136.0
2.5
53.2
38.0
102.2
31.9
3.8
39.4
3.3
8.5
45.2
14.7
46.1
8.4
5.6
582.8
3017.8
1429.0
1588.8
400.4
527.3

675.8
93.5
76.2
845.5
42.9
33.6
4.4
9.0
0.5
5.9
20.2
27.9
7.1
151.6
7.6
7.7
16.7
15.1
2.4
7.6
3.4
2.6
38.6
74.2
3.2
8.3
3.9
57.8
4.1
2.4
33.3
4.0
15.0
3.8
11.3
372.1
4.8
26.1
1.0
3.1
41.1
20.6
41.0
66.1
42.2
13.7
954.7
143.4
6.3
16.7
36.9
90.0
60.1
40.5
393.9
30.0
46.3
3.5
28.5
108.2
26.3
20.4
153.7
2.4
46.3
32.8
102.2
36.3
4.0
38.4
3.0
9.5
47.3
14.7
47.0
8.8
5.7
598.8
3052.8
1458.6
1594.1
394.1
514.2

Change
2014 over
2013
2014

695.3
93.8
77.2
866.3
42.4
35.7
4.3
9.8
0.6
6.5
19.8
26.8
7.1
153.1
7.0
8.3
16.5
13.3
2.4
6.8
2.8
2.2
32.3
63.8
2.5
7.5
3.7
51.1
5.1
2.3
28.9
4.2
14.7
3.4
10.6
368.3
3.3
23.7
0.8
2.7
43.7
24.9
34.6
60.0
43.9
13.4
908.7
153.2
6.8
18.1
40.3
97.4
62.4
40.4
418.6
33.7
43.2
3.7
27.4
108.1
26.3
21.2
166.9
2.3
45.6
34.5
101.2
36.9
4.3
37.8
3.2
9.7
43.0
15.5
47.4
9.2
5.6
610.7
3065.5
1432.6
1632.9
348.2
511.6

2.9%
0.3%
1.4%
2.5%
-1.1%
6.3%
-2.2%
9.3%
5.5%
9.8%
-2.0%
-4.0%
0.1%
1.0%
-8.4%
7.4%
-1.0%
-12.3%
-0.7%
-11.3%
-15.3%
-14.3%
-16.3%
-14.0%
-23.5%
-9.5%
-3.9%
-11.6%
23.9%
-5.1%
-13.3%
5.6%
-2.1%
-11.4%
-6.7%
-1.0%
-30.6%
-9.3%
-13.9%
-12.9%
6.5%
21.1%
-15.7%
-9.2%
4.1%
-1.8%
-4.8%
6.8%
8.8%
8.2%
9.3%
8.2%
3.8%
-0.3%
6.3%
12.4%
-6.6%
6.9%
-3.6%
-0.1%
-0.1%
4.1%
8.6%
-3.9%
-1.5%
5.1%
-0.9%
1.8%
7.5%
-1.6%
5.3%
2.7%
-9.0%
5.2%
0.9%
4.7%
-2.2%
2.0%
0.4%
-1.8%
2.4%
-11.6%
-0.5%

2014
share of
total

22.7%
3.1%
2.5%
28.3%
1.4%
1.2%
0.1%
0.3%

0.2%
0.6%
0.9%
0.2%
5.0%
0.2%
0.3%
0.5%
0.4%
0.1%
0.2%
0.1%
0.1%
1.1%
2.1%
0.1%
0.2%
0.1%
1.7%
0.2%
0.1%
0.9%
0.1%
0.5%
0.1%
0.3%
12.0%
0.1%
0.8%

0.1%
1.4%
0.8%
1.1%
2.0%
1.4%
0.4%
29.6%
5.0%
0.2%
0.6%
1.3%
3.2%
2.0%
1.3%
13.7%
1.1%
1.4%
0.1%
0.9%
3.5%
0.9%
0.7%
5.4%
0.1%
1.5%
1.1%
3.3%
1.2%
0.1%
1.2%
0.1%
0.3%
1.4%
0.5%
1.5%
0.3%
0.2%
19.9%
100.0%
46.7%
53.3%
11.4%
16.7%

*E xcludes natural gas converted to liquid fuels but includes derivatives of coal as well as natural gas consumed in Gas-to-Liquids transformation.
Source: Includes data from Cedigaz.
than 0.05%.
Note: The difference between these world consumption figures and the world production statistics is due to variations in stocks at storage facilities and liquefaction plants, together with
unavoidable disparities in the definition, measurement or conversion of gas supply and demand data.

Less

25

Production by region

Consumption by region

Billion cubic metres

Billion cubic metres

Rest of World
Asia Pacific
Europe & Eurasia
North America

89

94

99

04

09

14

3500

3500

3000

3000

2500

2500

2000

2000

1500

1500

1000

1000

500

500

89

94

99

04

09

14

World natural gas production increased by 1.6% in 2014, four times the growth rate of global consumption (+0.4%). Production growth was below average in all regions
except North America. The US (+6.1%) recorded the largest growth increment while Russia had the largest decline (-4.3%). Consumption growth was below average
in all regions except North America and the Middle East. The US (+2.9%) recorded the largest growth in consumption in the world while the EU had the biggest decline
on record (-11.6%).

Consumption per capita 2014


Tonnes oil equivalent

0-0.5
0.5-1.0
1.0-1.5
1.5-2.0
> 2.0

Source: Includes data from Cedigaz.

26

Prices
$/Mmbtu
18

US Henry Hub
Average German Import Price cif
UK NBP
Japan LNG cif

15

12

97

98

99

00

02

01

03

04

05

06

07

09

08

10

11

12

13

14

Prices
US dollars per million Btu

LNG
Japan
cif

Average German
Import Price*

1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014

5.10
5.23
4.10
3.35
3.34
3.28
3.64
3.99
3.62
3.52
3.18
3.46
3.66
3.91
3.05
3.14
4.72
4.64
4.27
4.77
5.18
6.05
7.14
7.73
12.55
9.06
10.91
14.73
16.75
16.17
16.33

4.00
4.25
3.93
2.55
2.22
2.00
2.78
3.19
2.69
2.50
2.35
2.39
2.46
2.64
2.32
1.88
2.89
3.66
3.23
4.06
4.32
5.88
7.85
8.03
11.56
8.52
8.01
10.49
10.93
10.73
9.11

Natural gas
UK
(Heren NBP Index)

US
Henry Hub

Canada
(Alberta)

Crude oil
OECD
countries cif

1.70
1.64
1.49
1.77
2.12
1.92
1.69
2.76
2.53
2.08
2.27
4.23
4.07
3.33
5.63
5.85
8.79
6.76
6.95
8.85
3.89
4.39
4.01
2.76
3.71
4.35

1.05
0.89
0.98
1.69
1.45
0.89
1.12
1.36
1.42
2.00
3.75
3.61
2.57
4.83
5.03
7.25
5.83
6.17
7.99
3.38
3.69
3.47
2.27
2.93
3.87

5.00
4.75
2.57
3.09
2.56
3.01
3.82
3.33
3.19
2.82
2.70
2.96
3.54
3.29
2.16
2.98
4.83
4.08
4.17
4.89
6.27
8.74
10.66
11.95
16.76
10.41
13.47
18.56
18.82
18.25
16.80

1.87
1.96
1.86
1.58
2.71
3.17
2.37
3.33
4.46
7.38
7.87
6.01
10.79
4.85
6.56
9.04
9.46
10.63
8.22

*Source: 1984-1990 German Federal Statistical Office, 1991-2014 German Federal Office of Economics and Export Control (BAFA).
Source: ICIS Heren Energy Ltd.
Source: Energy Intelligence Group, Natural Gas Week.
Note: cif = cost+insurance+freight (average prices).

27

Trade movements 2014 by pipeline

N or

Unit

A ze

K az

ak h
st an
Rus
Fed sian
er at
ion

Turk
m

Q at

A lg

Liby

74.6
21.8
20.5
116.9

5.4
11.1

16.4

0.1
1.3
1.3

5.4

4.9
18.1

8.3

6.6
0.8

3.9
7.1
2.6

15.5
27.7

4.8
9.4

3.1

25.9
1.1

4.4

4.5

1.7

0.7
0.6

0.3
8.7
1.7

1.1

0.4
5.4

5.3

3.9
9.9
4.7
3.1
7.0
38.5
1.7
5.2

21.3
3.5
8.9
4.3

26.9

8.8

8.9

6.2

11.1

2.2

6.0

5.4
11.1
1.3
17.8
7.7
26.8
7.3
3.1
27.4
85.0
2.3
5.2
4.5
46.9
23.2
10.6
4.3
15.4
41.1
32.9
18.2

44.1 101.1

10.6

18.8

4.6

5.3

0.2

1.9

147.7

17.9

4.3
10.9

12.9
0.2
4.6

0.5
9.0

2.0
4.1

8.9

0.7

19.5

6.0

361.9
17.9
6.7
24.2
17.5
7.4

74.6

16.4

1.3

44.1 101.1

10.6

4.6

23.4

2.1
0.3

0.3

7.7

11.1
39.8

0.4

0.4

11.4 187.4

9.5
6.5

6.5

25.5

25.5
41.6

6.1

2.4

2.4
8.5

0.7

9.6

2.1
18.0
20.1

20.1

4.0
4.0

23.5

6.0

0.3

0.3
4.0
0.5
4.5

4.8

2.9
6.6

9.5
9.5

3.0

9.7
12.7
12.7

5.7

1.7

7.3
7.3

73.8
6.9
0.3
2.1
18.0
27.2
4.0
4.5
8.5
5.7
31.3
2.9
8.3
9.7
57.8
663.9

Argentina
Brazil
Other S. & Cent. America
S. & Cent. America
Austria
Belgium
Czech Republic
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Ireland
Italy
Netherlands
Poland
Slovakia
Spain
Turkey
United Kingdom
Other Europe

Europe
Belarus
Kazakhstan
Russian Federation
Ukraine
Other Former Soviet Union

42.3

Former Soviet Union


Iran
Jordan
Oman
United Arab Emirates
Middle East
South Africa
Other Africa
Africa
Australia
China
Malaysia
Singapore
Thailand
Asia Pacific
Total exports

Less than 0.05.

ia
nes
Indo

My
anm
ar
O th
Pac er A sia
ific
Tot
impal
or t
s

a
fric
er A
O th

eria

ar

t an
Iran

ekis
Uzb

enis

an

pe

rbaij

er E

u ro

ingd

O th

ed K

w ay

s
land
her

via

Me

74.6

74.6

t an

N et

21.8
20.5
42.3

US
Canada
Mexico
North America

om

O th
e
A m r S. &
eric
a Cent.

xico

ad a

C an

US

To

From

Boli

Billion cubic metres

Source: Includes data from CISStat, FGE MENAgas service, IHS, PIRA Energy Group.

Trade movements 2014 as liquefied natural gas

Less than 0.05.


*Includes re-exports.

28

ia
lays

Pap
Guinua New
ea
S ou
t
Ko r h
ea*
Tot
impal
or t
s

ia
nes
Indo

0.1

0.2

1.4

0.2

2.5

0.3

1.7
0.6
9.3

2.2

4.3

0.3

0.3

1.4

0.2

2.5

0.3

11.6

0.1

0.1

0.3

0.3
0.4

0.1

0.1

0.1

3.4
1.9
3.7
2.6
11.5

0.1
0.1
2.0
0.1
0.4
0.5
3.1
1.2
0.2
0.1
0.2

0.4
0.2
0.1
0.1
1.2
19.3

0.1

1.2

1.3

0.1

0.1
5.7

0.2
1.1

0.1
1.3

0.2

1.2
0.3

1.0
2.7

0.2
0.1
0.5
0.1

0.1

0.9
5.3

1.1
1.7

0.1
2.9

0.1
0.1
0.2
0.2

0.2
0.8
0.4
0.3
0.3
1.3
0.2
0.2
1.5
0.1

3.8
8.2

0.2

11.5

2.6
0.1
0.1
14.5
14.5

0.9

0.6

0.1

0.1

1.7

2.9

1.0

4.3
0.2
3.0

1.1
10.4

0.9
0.2 23.6
0.1
2.3
0.2
9.2
0.1 16.2
4.7 21.9

0.1

5.1 17.7
0.2
8.0
0.1
1.3
10.4 74.4
10.6 103.4

0.1
7.7

0.1

8.0
8.0

0.4
1.4
0.6
1.3
0.4

4.2
0.3
0.1
8.3
8.9

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.2

0.1

0.1

0.4
0.5

0.2

0.1
0.1

0.1

0.4
0.4

0.5
0.1

0.5

0.1

0.1

1.0

1.2

1.9
0.1
0.2

4.4
5.0

0.9
1.9

0.2
3.0

1.2

2.7
1.5

0.1
5.2

25.0
0.1

1.2
0.1

31.6
31.6

0.2

5.9
0.4

1.0
0.8

8.3
8.3

3.5

7.8

0.1
7.1
2.8

21.4
21.7

0.3
4.1
0.1
20.3
0.2

5.1
3.9
0.1
33.7
33.9

0.4

3.0

1.3

4.7
4.7

0.1
0.1

0.2
0.2

6.5
7.9
3.8
3.0
21.4
2.9
7.1
4.5
15.5
7.3
11.3
3.5
52.1
5.4
27.1
18.9
120.6
2.4
2.6
51.1
18.1
1.9
242.7
333.3

4.4
0.1
4.9
4.1
0.5
0.6
14.6

0.3
0.2
1.0
0.5

0.5
0.1

2.6
17.3

0.4
5.8
0.7
0.6
1.2
6.5
0.4

4.4
0.2
0.2
13.3
25.3

Ma

Bru

nei

a
trali

0.2

0.2

Nig

Aus

eria

pt

Eq u
Guinatorial
ea

4.3

Q at

1.2
0.6
0.4

Om

N or

Per

Eg y

ola

en
Yem

Unit
Em e d A r a
irate b
s

ar

an

w ay

O th
Eu r e r
ope
*
Rus
Fed sian
er at
ion

Trin
& T idad
oba
go

zil*

A ng

Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Other S. & Cent. America
S. & Cent. America
Belgium
France
Italy
Spain
Turkey
United Kingdom
Other Europe & Eurasia
Europe and Eurasia
Middle East
China
India
Japan
Malaysia
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Asia Pacific
Total exports

A lg

North America

Bra

US
Canada
Mexico

U S*

To

eria

From

Billion cubic metres

Source: Includes data from GIIGNL, IHS Waterborne, PIRA Energy Group, Poten, Wood Mackenzie.

Major trade movements 2014


Trade flows worldwide (billion cubic metres)

120.8

39.8
26.9
74.6

21.8

10.5

3.1
5.8

23.7

24.2

11.5

35.7
27.2

25.5
14.2

4.1

6.5

28.3

20.5
20.1
17.0

13.2

8.5

US
Canada
Mexico
S. & Cent. America
Europe & Eurasia
Middle East
Africa
Asia Pacific

25.0

7.5

34.0

9.7

6.6

1.9

11.1

5.2

7.7

3.4

5.7

6.5

Pipeline gas
LNG

Source: Includes data from Cedigaz, CISStat, FGE MENAgas service, GIIGNL, IHS Waterborne, PIRA Energy Group, Wood Mackenzie.

Gas trade in 2013 and 2014


Billion cubic metres

US
Canada
Mexico
Trinidad and Tobago
Other S. & Cent. America
France
Germany
Italy
Netherlands
Norway
Spain
Turkey
United Kingdom
Other Europe
Russian Federation
Ukraine
Other Former Soviet Union
Qatar
Other Middle East
Algeria
Other Africa
China
Japan
Indonesia
South Korea
Other Asia Pacific
Total World
Less than 0.05.

Pipeline
imports

78.9
25.8
18.6

18.6
30.5
98.4
51.6
21.5

15.3
38.2
40.0
99.5
27.0
25.0
32.2

25.5

7.2
27.3

26.4
707.5

2013
LNG
imports

2.7
1.1
7.8

19.6
8.7

5.5
0.8

14.9
6.1
9.4
6.0

4.5

24.5
119.0

54.2
40.4
325.3

Pipeline
exports

LNG
exports

Pipeline
imports

44.4
78.9

18.6
1.1
15.1
0.2
51.3
102.4
0.9
0.6
9.0
11.8
212.0

67.1
19.9
9.4
28.8
9.3

10.0

16.7
707.5

0.1

19.8
5.7
0.6

0.2
3.8
2.6

1.6
14.2

105.6
28.5
14.9
31.6

22.4

73.5
325.3

74.6
21.8
20.5

17.8
27.4
85.0
46.9
23.2

15.4
41.1
32.9
90.0
24.2
17.5
32.1

27.2

8.5
31.3

26.5
663.9

2014
LNG
imports

1.7
0.6
9.3

21.4
7.1

4.5
1.1

15.5
7.3
11.3
5.3

5.4

27.1
120.6

51.1
43.9
333.3

Pipeline
exports

LNG
exports

42.3
74.6

17.8
1.1
10.1
0.2
44.1
101.1
0.6
0.6
10.6
10.8
187.4

69.3
20.1
9.6
23.5
10.8

9.5

20.0
663.9

0.4

19.3
5.8
0.6

0.6
5.3
5.1

2.0
14.5

103.4
27.5
17.3
31.2

21.7
0.2
78.6
333.3

Source: Includes data from CISStat, FGE MENAgas service, GIIGNL, IHS Waterborne, PIRA Energy Group, Poten, Wood Mackenzie.

29

Coal
Total proved reserves at end 2014
Million tonnes

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Brazil
Colombia
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Kazakhstan
Poland
Romania
Russian Federation
Spain
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
South Africa
Zimbabwe
Other Africa
Middle East
Total Middle East & Africa
Australia
China
India
Indonesia
Japan
New Zealand
North Korea
Pakistan
South Korea
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
Former Soviet Union

Anthracite
and
bituminous

Subbituminous
and lignite

Total

108501
3474
860
112835

6746
479
57
7282
2
181
48

13
21500
4178
10
49088
200
322
15351
228
47
1389
92557
30156
502
942
1122
32722
37100
62200
56100

337
33
300

150
1583
157803
403199
155494
247705
4883
86725

128794
3108
351
132253
6630

729
7359
2364
871
40500
3020
1647
12100
1287
281
107922
330
8380
18522

1853
18904
217981

214

214
39300
52300
4500
28017
10
538
300
2070
126
1239

2125
130525
488332
229321
259011
51199
141309

237295
6582
1211
245088
6630
6746
479
786
14641
2366
1052
40548
3020
1660
33600
5465
291
157010
530
8702
33873
228
1900
20293
310538
30156
502
1156
1122
32936
76400
114500
60600
28017
347
571
600
2070
126
1239
150
3708
288328
891531
384815
506716
56082
228034

Share
of total

R/P ratio

26.6%
0.7%
0.1%
27.5%
0.7%
0.8%
0.1%
0.1%
1.6%
0.3%
0.1%
4.5%
0.3%
0.2%
3.8%
0.6%

262
96
87
248
*
76
189
234
142
76
22
218
61
174
309
40
12
441
136
125
*
20
432
337
268
116
120
379
*
122
155
30
94
61
265
143
19
*
72
69
4
97
51
110
191
83
111
428

17.6%
0.1%
1.0%
3.8%

0.2%
2.3%
34.8%
3.4%
0.1%
0.1%
0.1%
3.7%
8.6%
12.8%
6.8%
3.1%

0.1%
0.1%
0.2%

0.1%

0.4%
32.3%
100.0%
43.2%
56.8%
6.3%
25.6%

*More than 500 years.

Source of reserves data: World Energy Resources 2013 Survey, World Energy Council.
than 0.05%.
Notes: Total proved reserves of coal Generally taken to be those quantities that geological and engineering information indicates with reasonable certainty can be recovered in the future from
known deposits under existing economic and operating conditions. The data series for proved coal reserves does not necessarily meet the definitions, guidelines and practices used for determining
proved reserves at company level, for instance as published by the US Securities and Exchange Commission, nor does it necessarily represent BPs view of proved reserves by country.
Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratio If the reserves remaining at the end of the year are divided by the production in that year, the result is the length of time that those remaining reserves
would last if production were to continue at that rate.
Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratios are calculated excluding other solid fuels production.

Less

Prices
US dollars per tonne

1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014

Northwest
Europe
marker price

US Central
Appalachian coal
spot price index

Japan coking
coal import
cif price

Japan steam
coal import
cif price

Asian
Marker
price

37.18
44.50
41.25
38.92
32.00
28.79
35.99
39.03
31.65
43.60
72.08
60.54
64.11
88.79
147.67
70.66
92.50
121.52
92.50
81.69
75.38

31.72
27.01
29.86
29.76
31.00
31.29
29.90
50.15
33.20
38.52
64.90
70.12
62.96
51.16
118.79
68.08
71.63
87.38
72.06
71.39
69.00

51.77
54.47
56.68
55.51
50.76
42.83
39.69
41.33
42.01
41.57
60.96
89.33
93.46
88.24
179.03
167.82
158.95
229.12
191.46
140.45
114.41

43.66
47.58
49.54
45.53
40.51
35.74
34.58
37.96
36.90
34.74
51.34
62.91
63.04
69.86
122.81
110.11
105.19
136.21
133.61
111.16
97.65

29.48
27.82
31.76
36.89
30.41
36.53
72.42
61.84
56.47
84.57
148.06
78.81
105.43
125.74
105.50
90.90
77.89

Source: IHS McCloskey Northwest Europe prices for 1993-2000 are the average of the monthly marker, 2001-2014 the average of weekly prices. The Asian prices are the average of the

monthly marker
Source: Platts. Prices are for Central Appalachian 12,500 BTU, 1.2 SO2 coal, fob. Prices for 1990-2000 are by coal price publication date, 2001-2014 by coal price assessment date.
Note: cif = cost+insurance+freight (average prices); fob = free on board.

30

Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratios


Years

History

2014 by region
300

250

North
America

S. & Cent.
America

Europe &
Eurasia

Middle East
& Africa

600

North America
S. & Cent. America
Europe & Eurasia
Middle East & Africa
Asia Pacific
World

500

200

400

150

300

100

200

50

100

Asia
Pacific

94

99

04

09

14

World proved coal reserves in 2014 were sufficient to meet 110 years of global production, by far the largest R/P ratio for any fossil fuel. By region, Europe & Eurasia
holds the largest proved reserves and has the highest R/P ratio 268 years, compared with 248 years for North America. The lowest R/P ratio is in the Asia Pacific
region (51 years).

Distribution of proved reserves in 1994, 2004 and 2014


Percentage

Europe & Eurasia


Asia Pacific
North America
Middle East & Africa
S. & Cent. America

6.0

0.9 39.7
5.6

2.2 31.6
3.7 1.6 34.8

1994
Total 1039181
million tonnes

2004
Total 909064
million tonnes

2014
Total 891531
million tonnes

24.1
28.0

32.7

27.5
32.3

29.2

Source: World Energy Resources 2013 Survey, World Energy Council.

31

Production*
Million tonnes oil equivalent

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Brazil
Colombia
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Kazakhstan
Poland
Romania
Russian Federation
Spain
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Total Middle East
South Africa
Zimbabwe
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
China
India
Indonesia
Japan
New Zealand
Pakistan
South Korea
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
Former Soviet Union

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

572.4
33.9
5.9
612.2
2.0
34.9
5.9
0.2
43.1
4.4
23.5
0.4
58.4
9.0
2.4
44.4
70.5
6.7
132.2
6.9
10.5
42.4
15.3
0.9
20.4
448.4
0.8
137.1
2.4
1.3
140.8
197.1
1106.6
155.7
81.4
0.7
3.3
1.5
1.4
5.6
15.3
22.1
1590.8
2835.9
1021.0
1815.0
204.7
223.7

580.2
35.3
6.1
621.6
2.4
38.4
5.3
0.3
46.3
4.1
23.5
0.2
56.5
8.9
2.0
44.2
68.7
6.6
139.6
6.6
11.2
41.2
12.5
1.0
20.7
447.5
1.0
138.4
2.2
1.2
141.7
206.5
1240.9
162.1
93.9
0.6
3.3
1.6
1.3
5.8
19.1
25.0
1760.1
3018.2
1033.0
1985.2
197.9
229.9

595.1
34.8
6.8
636.7
2.2
42.6
5.7
0.6
51.2
4.2
23.8
0.2
53.3
8.3
2.1
49.1
67.0
6.5
145.5
6.2
13.2
41.9
11.3
0.9
22.6
456.1
1.0
138.3
1.4
1.3
140.9
211.6
1327.8
170.2
119.2
0.7
3.6
1.8
1.3
5.3
21.7
25.5
1888.7
3174.7
1050.3
2124.3
192.0
241.2

587.7
35.7
7.3
630.7
2.3
45.4
4.5
0.3
52.5
4.7
23.6
0.2
54.4
8.5
2.0
50.0
62.3
6.7
148.4
5.9
14.8
40.0
10.3
1.1
22.3
455.4
1.1
138.4
1.3
1.0
140.7
217.9
1438.7
181.0
133.4
0.8
3.0
1.7
1.3
5.1
23.8
24.2
2030.9
3311.2
1046.0
2265.2
186.0
244.1

596.7
35.6
6.9
639.2
2.5
47.8
3.6
0.4
54.3
4.8
22.8
0.1
50.1
8.5
1.9
56.8
60.5
6.7
153.8
4.4
16.7
41.4
11.0
1.0
22.7
463.2
1.0
141.0
1.0
1.0
143.0
224.9
1491.4
195.6
147.8
0.7
3.0
1.8
1.2
5.1
22.3
26.2
2119.8
3420.6
1054.7
2365.9
178.0
257.4

540.8
33.1
6.1
580.0
1.9
47.3
2.4
0.5
52.2
4.5
21.0
0.1
46.4
8.4
1.9
51.5
56.4
6.4
142.3
3.8
17.4
38.5
10.9
1.1
23.0
433.5
0.7
139.7
1.1
0.9
141.8
232.6
1538.0
210.8
157.6
0.7
2.8
1.6
1.1
4.9
24.7
29.7
2204.6
3412.7
993.7
2419.0
167.8
237.7

551.2
35.4
7.3
594.0
2.0
48.3
2.0
0.4
52.7
4.9
20.8
0.1
45.9
7.3
1.9
54.0
55.5
5.8
151.4
3.3
17.5
40.0
11.2
1.1
23.0
443.6
0.7
144.1
1.7
1.2
147.1
240.5
1664.9
217.5
169.2
0.5
3.3
1.5
0.9
5.1
25.1
37.5
2366.2
3604.3
1013.1
2591.2
165.4
251.4

556.1
35.5
9.4
600.9
2.1
55.8
1.5
0.4
59.8
6.1
21.6
0.1
46.7
7.6
2.0
56.2
56.6
6.7
158.8
2.6
17.8
44.1
11.3
1.2
23.9
463.4
0.7
143.2
1.7
1.1
146.0
233.4
1852.6
215.7
217.3
0.7
3.1
1.5
0.9
6.0
26.1
41.2
2598.5
3869.4
1015.1
2854.3
169.8
265.7

517.8
35.9
7.4
561.1
2.5
57.9
0.9
0.6
61.8
5.5
20.7
0.1
47.8
8.1
1.9
58.6
58.8
6.4
169.5
2.5
16.9
45.3
10.4
1.3
21.9
475.7
0.7
146.6
1.0
1.6
149.2
250.4
1872.5
229.1
237.3
0.7
3.0
1.4
0.9
5.1
23.6
40.4
2664.4
3912.9
991.8
2921.1
169.4
280.2

500.9
36.6
7.6
545.0
3.2
55.6
1.9
1.7
62.4
4.7
18.0
0.1
44.7
6.9
2.0
58.2
57.6
4.6
168.8
1.8
15.3
44.4
7.8
1.3
24.8
461.0
0.7
145.3
3.2
1.9
150.4
268.2
1893.7
228.8
276.2
0.7
2.8
1.3
0.8
5.1
23.0
41.4
2741.9
3961.4
983.8
2977.6
157.6
278.6

Change
2014 over
2013
2014

507.8
36.7
6.9
551.4
3.2
57.6
1.8
2.3
65.0
5.2
17.3
0.1
43.8
6.3
2.0
55.3
55.0
4.4
170.9
1.6
17.8
31.5
7.0
1.4
21.9
441.6
0.7
147.7
2.7
1.9
152.2
280.8
1844.6
243.5
281.7
0.7
2.5
1.4
0.8
5.0
23.1
38.4
2722.5
3933.5
999.0
2934.4
151.4
265.3

1.4%
0.2%
-8.9%
1.2%

3.6%
-1.6%
37.5%
4.2%
9.2%
-3.5%
-4.2%
-2.1%
-8.7%
0.1%
-4.9%
-4.5%
-4.5%
1.2%
-10.5%
15.9%
-29.0%
-10.2%
7.2%
-11.5%
-4.2%

1.6%
-15.7%

1.2%
4.7%
-2.6%
6.4%
2.0%
8.6%
-13.6%
5.6%
-3.8%
-0.7%
0.5%
-7.2%
-0.7%
-0.7%
1.5%
-1.4%
-3.9%
-4.8%

2014
share of
total

12.9%
0.9%
0.2%
14.0%
0.1%
1.5%

0.1%
1.7%
0.1%
0.4%

1.1%
0.2%
0.1%
1.4%
1.4%
0.1%
4.3%

0.5%
0.8%
0.2%

0.6%
11.2%

3.8%
0.1%

3.9%
7.1%
46.9%
6.2%
7.2%

0.1%

0.1%
0.6%
1.0%
69.2%
100.0%
25.4%
74.6%
3.9%
6.7%

*Commercial solid fuels only, i.e. bituminous coal and anthracite (hard coal), lignite and brown (sub-bituminous) coal, and other commercial solid fuels. Includes coal produced for Coal-to-Liquids
and Coal-to-Gas transformations.
than 0.05%.
Note: Coal production data expressed in million tonnes is available at bp.com/statisticalreview

Less

32

Consumption*
Million tonnes oil equivalent

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Israel
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
Former Soviet Union

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

566.1
30.0
11.8
607.9
0.7
13.5
2.8
2.0

0.7

1.8
21.5
4.0

0.7
5.8
7.2
21.0
4.4
6.8
12.9
85.0
9.1
3.4
2.4
16.6
26.5
0.2
8.6
0.8
57.3
3.3
9.3
99.9
4.5
21.0
2.7
0.1
22.3

39.3
36.6
1.2
23.7
536.6
1.4
8.0

0.1
0.1
9.6
0.7
1.0
86.9
7.5
96.0
50.7
0.4
1125.0
6.3
172.3
21.3
120.8
6.6
2.1
3.8
5.0

53.1
36.5
10.4
8.8
19.8
1642.8
2914.5
1179.1
1735.4
327.7
172.0

574.5
31.0
16.0
621.5
0.8
13.0
2.8
2.7

0.8

2.0
22.1
4.0

0.6
5.1
6.9
20.2
3.7
4.1
13.4
81.3
8.9
3.0
2.7
16.5
27.2
0.2
8.2
0.7
55.7
3.3
8.8
94.6
4.2
20.5
2.5
0.1
22.5

37.5
37.4
1.2
22.1
517.4
1.6
7.9

0.1
0.1
9.8
0.6
0.9
80.1
7.4
89.0
53.9
0.5
1318.2
6.9
184.4
24.4
121.3
6.9
2.3
4.1
5.7

54.8
38.0
11.2
9.0
21.0
1862.6
3122.4
1187.7
1934.7
316.6
165.5

565.7
30.1
16.8
612.6
0.8
12.8
3.4
2.4

0.6

0.2
2.3
22.6
4.1

0.6
4.9
7.0
21.0
5.6
6.8
12.4
84.6
8.4
3.1
2.4
16.7
29.8
0.3
7.8
0.6
58.0
3.3
9.5
97.0
4.5
17.9
2.5
0.2
26.6

39.8
40.9
1.7
19.0
536.9
1.5
7.8

0.3
0.1
9.8
0.9
0.9
81.5
7.1
90.4
56.6
0.5
1445.5
6.9
195.4
28.9
119.1
7.3
2.2
4.0
5.5

54.8
39.5
12.4
5.3
21.6
2005.7
3278.0
1193.7
2084.3
327.0
173.0

573.3
31.2
16.0
620.4
1.1
13.6
4.1
2.4

0.8

0.1
2.3
24.4
3.9

0.6
4.3
7.9
21.4
4.7
6.4
12.8
86.7
8.8
3.1
2.4
16.8
31.7
0.3
8.5
0.7
57.9
2.9
10.1
93.9
4.0
20.0
2.5
0.2
29.5

39.8
38.4
1.4
20.5
542.0
1.6
8.0

0.1
0.1
0.1
9.9
0.8
0.8
83.6
6.3
91.5
54.9
0.6
1573.1
7.5
210.3
36.2
125.3
8.8
1.7
5.3
5.9

59.7
41.2
14.2
5.8
18.5
2169.2
3457.5
1215.8
2241.7
330.2
172.3

564.2
30.3
12.8
607.2
1.2
13.8
4.4
2.8

0.8

0.1
2.3
25.3
3.7

0.6
4.4
7.6
19.7
4.1
4.7
12.1
80.1
8.3
3.1
2.3
16.3
33.4
0.2
8.1
0.7
56.0
2.5
9.6
100.7
4.0
13.5
2.3
0.2
29.6

41.8
35.6
1.4
21.0
527.6
1.2
7.9

0.1
0.3
0.1
9.6
0.8
0.7
93.3
6.4
101.2
55.4
0.6
1598.5
6.9
230.4
31.5
128.7
9.8
2.1
5.8
7.0

66.1
39.5
15.3
11.4
20.3
2229.3
3500.1
1188.4
2311.7
304.4
182.8

496.2
24.2
12.5
532.9
1.2
11.1
4.0
3.5

0.8

0.2
2.2
23.0
2.8

0.6
3.0
6.4
17.6
4.0
4.9
10.8
71.7
8.4
2.6
2.0
12.8
32.6
0.2
7.5
0.5
51.9
2.9
7.6
92.2
3.9
9.4
2.0
0.1
30.9

35.9
29.8
1.1
19.9
475.9
1.4
7.7

0.6
0.1
9.8
0.5
0.7
93.8
5.5
100.4
53.4
0.8
1679.0
7.2
250.3
33.2
108.8
10.6
1.6
5.2
6.7

68.6
38.0
15.4
10.7
20.4
2309.9
3451.9
1061.5
2390.4
267.6
166.8

525.0
25.2
17.2
567.5
1.0
14.5
4.5
4.0

0.8

0.2
2.4
27.3
3.4

0.7
3.7
6.9
18.4
3.9
6.2
11.5
77.1
7.9
2.7
2.0
14.2
31.6
0.2
7.6
0.6
56.4
1.6
7.0
90.5
3.9
6.9
2.4
0.1
31.4

38.3
30.9
1.1
21.2
490.2
1.3
7.7

0.1
0.7
0.1
9.9
0.3
0.5
92.8
6.5
100.0
50.6
0.8
1740.8
6.2
260.2
39.5
123.7
14.8
1.4
4.9
7.7

75.9
39.9
15.8
14.0
20.0
2416.3
3611.2
1130.0
2481.2
281.3
167.6

495.4
22.2
19.0
536.5
0.9
15.4
5.7
4.2

0.8

0.2
2.5
29.9
3.5

0.7
3.4
8.1
18.1
3.3
5.0
9.8
78.3
7.9
2.8
2.0
15.9
34.0
0.2
7.5
0.6
56.1
2.2
8.2
94.0
3.7
12.8
2.4
0.1
33.9

41.5
31.4
1.1
23.1
511.5
1.4
7.9

0.1
1.2
0.2
10.8
0.3
0.5
90.4
6.6
97.8
50.2
0.7
1896.0
7.4
270.1
46.9
117.7
14.8
1.4
4.4
8.3

83.6
41.5
16.0
16.5
15.4
2590.8
3777.4
1109.5
2667.8
288.9
176.8

437.9
21.2
13.2
472.4
0.7
15.3
6.6
3.7

0.8

0.2
2.7
30.1
3.2

0.9
3.1
6.9
17.2
2.6
4.0
11.1
80.5
8.1
2.7
2.4
16.3
36.6
0.2
8.2
0.7
54.3
2.9
7.6
98.4
3.5
15.5
2.1
0.1
36.5

42.7
38.9
1.2
21.4
529.9
1.1
8.8

0.1
1.7
0.2
11.9
0.3
0.4
88.3
6.2
95.3
47.3
0.9
1922.5
7.3
302.3
53.0
124.4
15.9
1.7
4.4
9.8

81.0
41.1
16.8
15.0
15.9
2659.3
3798.8
1061.5
2737.3
297.4
185.3

454.6
20.8
13.4
488.8
1.3
16.5
7.5
4.3

1.0

0.2
2.8
33.6
3.3

0.9
3.2
5.9
16.4
3.2
4.5
11.8
81.7
7.0
2.3
2.0
14.0
35.9
0.3
8.2
0.7
55.8
2.7
5.8
90.5
3.5
11.4
2.1
0.1
31.6

41.4
37.1
2.6
22.5
508.2
1.1
7.4

0.1
1.5
0.1
10.3
0.2
0.2
88.7
7.6
96.6
44.9
1.0
1961.2
7.8
324.3
57.6
128.6
17.0
1.5
3.5
11.0

81.9
41.0
16.2
15.8
16.3
2729.5
3867.0
1069.1
2797.9
288.6
177.8

2014
share of
total

Change
2014 over
2013
2014

453.4
21.2
14.4
488.9
1.3
15.3
6.8
4.2

1.0

0.2
2.9
31.6
2.7

1.0
3.8
6.5
16.0
2.6
4.1
9.0
77.4
6.5
2.2
2.0
13.5
34.5
0.2
9.0
0.7
52.9
2.5
5.8
85.2
3.4
12.0
2.0
0.1
35.9

33.0
29.5
2.0
20.4
476.5
1.1
6.9

0.1
1.5
0.1
9.7
0.2
0.7
89.4
8.2
98.6
43.8
1.0
1962.4
8.1
360.2
60.8
126.5
15.9
1.5
4.9
11.7

84.8
40.9
18.4
19.1
16.7
2776.6
3881.8
1052.5
2829.3
269.8
162.6

-0.3%
1.8%
7.3%

11.7%
0.5%
0.4%
12.6%

0.4%
-7.4%
-10.4%
-1.3%

-4.8%

-3.7%
3.2%
-6.0%
-18.4%

13.6%
17.1%
9.5%
-2.2%
-18.9%
-8.1%
-23.6%
-5.3%
-7.5%
-4.0%
-0.9%
-3.7%
-3.8%
-17.8%
10.5%
-0.5%
-5.2%
-5.0%
0.3%
-5.8%
-2.0%
5.1%
-6.3%
2.2%
13.6%

-20.2%
-20.3%
-21.5%
-9.2%
-6.2%
2.0%
-7.0%

-3.3%
-5.5%
-5.4%

295.8%
0.9%
8.7%
2.0%
-2.5%
6.1%
0.1%
4.8%
11.1%
5.6%
-1.6%
-6.2%
-4.4%
37.4%
6.5%
2.9%
3.5%
-0.2%
13.3%
20.6%
2.7%
1.7%
0.4%
-1.5%
1.1%
-6.5%
-8.6%

0.4%
0.2%
0.1%

0.1%
0.8%
0.1%

0.1%
0.2%
0.4%
0.1%
0.1%
0.2%
2.0%
0.2%
0.1%
0.1%
0.3%
0.9%

0.2%

1.4%
0.1%
0.1%
2.2%
0.1%
0.3%
0.1%

0.9%

0.9%
0.8%
0.1%
0.5%
12.3%

0.2%

0.3%

2.3%
0.2%
2.5%
1.1%

50.6%
0.2%
9.3%
1.6%
3.3%
0.4%

0.1%
0.3%

2.2%
1.1%
0.5%
0.5%
0.4%
71.5%
100.0%
27.1%
72.9%
7.0%
4.2%

*Commercial solid fuels only, i.e. bituminous coal and anthracite (hard coal), lignite and brown (sub-bituminous) coal, and other commercial solid fuels. Excludes coal converted to liquid or
gaseous fuels, but includes coal consumed in transformation processes.

Less than 0.05.


Less

than 0.05%.
Note: Differences between these world consumption figures and the world production statistics are accounted for by stock changes, and unavoidable disparities in the definition, measurement
or conversion of coal supply and demand data.

33

Production by region

Consumption by region

Million tonnes oil equivalent

Million tonnes oil equivalent

Asia Pacific
Africa
Middle East
Europe & Eurasia
S. & Cent. America
North America

89

94

99

04

09

14

4500

4500

4000

4000

3500

3500

3000

3000

2500

2500

2000

2000

1500

1500

1000

1000

500

500

89

94

99

04

09

14

World coal production declined by 0.7% in 2014, while consumption grew by 0.4%. India (+6.4%) recorded the largest production increment, while China contributed the
biggest decline (-2.6%). India accounted for the largest increment to consumption (+11.1%) and Ukraine for the largest decline (-20.2%).

Consumption per capita 2014


Tonnes oil equivalent

0-0.25
0.25-0.5
0.5-1.0
1.0-1.5
> 1.5

34

Nuclear energy
Consumption*
Million tonnes oil equivalent

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Israel
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
NonOECD
European Union
Former Soviet Union

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

Change
2014 over
2013
2014

187.8
20.3
2.1
210.2
1.8
2.6

4.4

10.7
4.4
6.0

5.2
101.7
37.8

2.7

3.4
0.9

1.3
32.7
3.9
14.4
17.3
6.1

19.7
18.1

1.8
287.9

3.2

3.2

11.4

3.8

64.7

0.5

29.6
8.9

119.0
624.7
530.4
94.3
228.9
56.4

186.3
20.7
2.4
209.4
1.6
2.2

3.8

10.8
4.2
5.6

5.3
102.4
36.9

3.1

2.3
0.9

1.3
33.4
4.0
13.0
16.4
5.2

20.1
18.5

1.9
285.4

2.7

2.7

12.0

4.0

66.3

0.6

33.2
9.0

125.2
626.4
532.4
94.0
226.0
56.4

187.5
22.0
2.5
212.0
1.7
3.1

4.8

10.6
4.4
5.9

5.2
102.1
37.9

3.0

2.0
0.8

1.3
35.4
4.1
13.6
15.2
6.3

20.4
17.1

1.9
287.0

2.4

2.4

12.4

4.0

69.0

0.6

33.7
9.0

128.7
634.9
537.6
97.3
224.3
58.4

192.1
21.0
2.4
215.4
1.6
2.8

4.4

10.9
3.3
5.9

5.4
99.7
31.8

3.3

2.2
1.0

1.7
36.2
3.5
12.5
15.2
6.3

20.9
14.3

1.9
275.9

2.7

2.7

14.1

4.0

63.1

0.6

32.3
9.2

123.3
621.7
521.8
99.9
211.9
60.0

192.0
21.1
2.2
215.4
1.6
3.2

4.8

10.3
3.6
6.0

5.3
99.6
33.7

3.4

2.2
0.9

2.5
36.9
3.8
13.3
14.5
6.2

20.3
11.9

2.0
276.5

3.1

3.1

15.5

3.4

57.0

0.4

34.2
9.2

119.7
619.4
516.8
102.6
212.5
60.0

190.3
20.3
2.4
213.0
1.8
2.9

4.7

10.7
3.5
6.2

5.4
92.8
30.5

3.5

2.5
1.0

2.7
37.0
3.2
11.9
11.9
6.2

18.8
15.6

1.9
265.1

3.1

3.1

15.9

3.8

65.0

0.6

33.4
9.4

128.2
614.0
511.6
102.4
202.5
58.8

192.2
20.3
1.3
213.8
1.6
3.3

4.9

10.8
3.5
6.3

5.2
96.9
31.8

3.6

0.9

2.6
38.6
3.3
14.0
13.2
6.0

20.2
14.1

1.8
272.9

2.9

2.9

16.7

5.2

66.2

0.5

33.6
9.4

131.7
626.2
521.1
105.0
207.6
59.3

188.2
21.4
2.3
211.9
1.3
3.5

4.9

10.9
3.7
6.4

5.3
100.0
24.4

3.5

0.9

2.7
39.1
3.5
13.1
13.8
6.1

20.4
15.6

2.0
271.5

3.2

3.2

19.5

7.3

36.9

0.9

35.0
9.5

109.1
600.7
488.9
111.8
205.3
60.1

183.2
21.7
2.0
206.9
1.4
3.6

5.0

9.1
3.6
6.9

5.3
96.3
22.5

3.6

0.9

2.6
40.2
3.5
13.9
14.6
5.8

20.4
15.9

1.8
266.7
0.3

0.3

2.8

2.8

22.0

7.5

4.1

1.0

34.0
9.1

77.8
559.6
444.5
115.1
199.9
61.1

187.9
23.1
2.7
213.7
1.4
3.3

4.7

9.6
3.2
7.0

5.4
95.9
22.0

3.5

0.7

2.6
39.0
3.6
12.8
15.1
5.9

18.8
16.0

1.7
262.9
0.9

0.9

3.4

3.4

25.3

7.5

3.3

1.2

31.4
9.4

78.1
563.7
447.1
116.6
198.6
58.4

189.8
1.0%
24.0
4.1%
2.2 -18.0%
216.1
1.1%
1.3
-8.3%
3.5
5.0%

4.7
1.1%

7.6 -21.1%
3.6
12.0%
6.9
-1.4%

5.4
-0.1%
98.6
2.9%
22.0
-0.2%

3.5
1.8%

0.9
41.5%

2.6
0.5%
40.9
4.8%
3.5
-1.4%
13.0
1.0%
14.8
-2.2%
6.3
6.0%

20.0
6.2%
14.4
-9.7%

2.0
15.3%
266.1
1.2%
1.0
6.3%

1.0
6.3%

3.6
8.2%

3.6
8.2%

28.6
13.2%

7.8
4.1%

-100.0%

1.1
-5.4%

35.4
12.7%
9.6
1.8%

82.5
5.7%
574.0
1.8%
449.8
0.6%
124.2
6.5%
198.3
-0.1%
61.5
5.2%

2014
share of
total

33.1%
4.2%
0.4%
37.6%
0.2%
0.6%

0.8%

1.3%
0.6%
1.2%

0.9%
17.2%
3.8%

0.6%

0.2%

0.5%
7.1%
0.6%
2.3%
2.6%
1.1%

3.5%
2.5%

0.3%
46.3%
0.2%

0.2%

0.6%

0.6%

5.0%

1.4%

0.2%

6.2%
1.7%

14.4%
100.0%
78.4%
21.6%
34.5%
10.7%

*Based on gross generation and not accounting for cross-border electricity supply. Converted on the basis of thermal equivalence assuming 38% conversion efficiency in amodern thermal power station.
Less than 0.05.
Note: Nuclear energy data expressed in terawatt-hours is available at bp.com/statisticalreview

35

Hydroelectricity
Consumption*
Million tonnes oil equivalent

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Israel
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
Former Soviet Union

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

61.3
76.6
5.7
143.6
8.0
72.6
4.9
9.0
1.6
4.0

15.9
17.7
133.8
8.3
0.6

0.1
0.7
0.5

3.4
13.5
4.5
1.1

0.1
9.6
1.8
0.1

24.7
0.5
2.2
3.7
40.2
0.9
7.2
13.7
7.6
10.4

2.7
1.1
1.6
18.9
179.9
2.7

1.3
4.0
0.1
2.9
0.2
16.6
19.8
3.6
0.2
80.0

19.0
2.2
21.1
1.3
6.1
5.5
1.9

1.0
0.7
1.4
4.3
6.1
154.2
635.2
292.4
342.9
74.6
56.2

61.8
82.1
6.2
150.1
9.0
76.4
6.0
9.0
1.5
4.1

17.4
18.3
141.6
8.3
0.7

0.1
1.0
0.5

3.1
11.8
4.4
1.1

0.1
8.2
1.8
0.1

30.9
0.5
1.0
4.6
39.5
1.0
4.0
16.5
7.1
9.0

2.8
1.1
1.4
19.1
179.8
3.0

2.2
5.1
0.1
2.9
0.3
17.0
20.3
3.6
0.2
89.8

22.0
2.4
17.9
1.2
5.3
6.9
1.9

0.8
0.9
1.3
3.7
6.5
164.4
661.3
295.0
366.4
70.6
55.8

66.1
80.2
6.9
153.2
9.8
78.9
7.0
9.6
1.6
4.4

18.4
18.4
148.2
8.1
0.6

0.1
0.9
0.6

2.6
12.7
4.5
1.3

0.2
8.4
1.8
0.1

27.1
0.5
2.4
4.2
39.6
1.0
5.8
14.0
7.0
10.0

2.9
1.0
1.4
18.4
177.3
4.2

2.5
6.6

2.9
0.7
18.3
21.9
3.6
0.2
98.6

25.4
2.2
20.4
1.6
5.3
6.8
2.2

0.8
0.9
1.8
4.5
7.3
181.7
689.0
300.2
388.8
71.2
55.5

56.6
83.6
6.1
146.3
8.5
84.6
5.2
10.0
2.0
4.4

18.8
19.4
152.9
8.4
0.5

0.1
0.7
0.5

3.2
13.2
4.8
0.6

0.2
7.4
1.8
0.1

30.6
0.5
2.2
3.6
40.5
1.0
6.2
15.0
8.0
8.1

2.3
1.1
1.4
17.7
179.8
4.1

2.2
6.3
0.1
3.5
0.2
17.8
21.5
3.3
0.2
109.8

27.7
2.6
17.5
1.5
5.3
7.2
1.9

0.8
1.0
1.8
5.1
7.9
193.6
700.4
292.3
408.1
71.2
56.4

58.2
85.2
8.8
152.2
8.4
83.6
5.7
10.4
2.5
4.3

19.6
19.4
154.0
8.7
0.5

0.1
0.7
0.5

3.9
13.6
4.6
0.7

0.2
9.4
1.7
0.1

31.8
0.5
1.5
3.9
37.7
0.9
5.3
15.7
8.2
7.5

2.6
1.2
2.6
18.5
182.5
1.7

1.5
3.2
0.1
3.3
0.3
18.2
21.9
2.7
0.2
144.1

26.0
2.6
17.5
1.9
5.1
6.1
2.2

0.7
0.9
1.6
5.9
8.4
226.0
739.9
302.0
437.9
74.3
53.9

62.5
82.9
6.0
151.4
9.2
88.5
5.9
9.2
2.1
4.5

19.4
19.1
157.9
9.2
0.5

0.1
0.8
0.6

2.9
13.0
4.3
1.2
0.1
0.2
11.1
1.6
0.1

28.8
0.5
1.8
3.5
39.9
1.0
6.0
14.9
8.1
8.1

2.7
1.2
2.1
20.2
184.3
1.5

1.3
2.8
0.1
2.9
0.3
19.1
22.4
2.5
0.1
139.3

24.0
2.6
16.4
1.6
5.5
6.4
2.2

0.6
0.8
1.6
6.8
8.0
218.5
737.4
299.2
438.1
76.0
55.6

59.5
79.4
8.3
147.2
9.2
91.2
5.0
9.1
2.0
4.5

17.3
20.2
158.7
8.7
0.8

0.1
1.1
0.6

2.9
14.3
4.8
1.7

0.1
11.6
1.8
0.1

26.7
0.7
3.7
4.5
38.1
1.2
9.6
15.1
8.2
11.7

2.9
0.8
2.3
23.3
197.5
2.2

1.9
4.0

3.0
0.5
21.3
24.8
3.8
0.2
163.4

25.0
3.9
20.6
1.6
5.6
6.7
1.8

0.8
0.9
1.3
6.2
10.0
251.7
783.9
309.4
474.5
85.6
55.8

73.0
85.2
8.1
166.3
9.0
96.9
4.7
11.1
2.5
4.9

18.8
20.3
168.1
7.7
0.6

0.7
0.4

2.8
10.3
4.0
0.9
0.1
0.2
10.4
1.8
0.1

27.6
0.5
2.7
3.3
37.3
0.9
6.9
15.1
7.2
11.8

2.4
1.3
2.3
19.4
178.8
2.4

1.9
4.3
0.1
2.9
0.5
20.5
24.0
3.2
0.2
158.2

29.8
2.8
19.3
1.8
5.7
6.9
2.2

1.0
0.9
1.8
9.3
11.0
254.0
795.5
314.7
480.8
71.0
54.5

63.1
86.0
7.1
156.2
8.4
94.0
4.6
10.8
2.8
5.0

18.5
21.2
165.2
9.9
0.4

0.1
0.7
0.5

3.8
13.4
5.0
1.0

0.2
9.5
1.7
0.1

32.3
0.5
1.5
2.7
37.3
0.9
4.6
17.8
8.6
13.1

2.4
1.2
2.5
19.8
191.6
2.8

2.3
5.1
0.1
3.2
0.3
22.2
25.7
3.8
0.2
197.3

26.2
2.9
18.3
2.1
5.2
4.8
2.3

0.9
1.2
2.0
11.9
10.9
290.0
833.8
316.5
517.3
76.3
54.6

61.4
88.5
6.2
156.1
9.2
88.5
4.5
10.0
2.5
4.9

19.0
21.8
160.4
8.4
0.3

0.1
0.9
0.7

2.9
15.8
5.2
1.5

0.1
11.9
1.7
0.1

29.2
0.6
3.3
3.3
41.3
1.1
8.3
13.9
8.6
13.4

3.1
1.1
2.4
22.4
201.9
3.4

2.0
5.4

2.9
0.3
23.2
26.4
4.4
0.2
208.2

29.8
3.8
19.0
2.7
5.2
7.0
2.3

1.0
1.2
1.3
12.1
13.2
311.4
861.6
320.3
541.3
83.0
58.9

Change
2014 over
2013
2014

59.1
85.7
8.6
153.5
9.3
83.6
5.4
10.1
2.6
4.9

18.7
20.8
155.4
8.1
0.3

0.1
1.0
0.4

3.0
14.2
4.6
1.0
0.1
0.2
12.9
1.7
0.1

30.9
0.5
3.7
4.2
39.3
1.0
8.9
14.6
8.5
9.1

1.9
1.3
2.4
21.7
195.7
3.4

1.8
5.2

3.1
0.3
24.2
27.5
3.3
0.1
240.8

29.6
3.4
19.8
2.7
5.5
7.2
2.1

0.8
0.9
1.2
12.3
12.0
341.6
879.0
315.7
563.3
83.8
55.4

-3.7%
-3.1%
39.0%
-1.7%
0.8%
-5.5%
20.4%
0.8%
3.8%
-0.6%

-1.2%
-4.9%
-3.1%
-3.7%
-12.6%

-29.2%
8.0%
-31.9%
12.6%
4.2%
-10.3%
-10.9%
-30.1%
40.8%
22.0%
8.0%
-1.3%
-24.4%
-2.0%
5.9%
-10.9%
10.5%
26.0%
-5.0%
-12.5%
6.5%
5.0%
-1.3%
-32.0%

-37.8%
26.2%

-3.2%
-3.1%
1.2%

-12.8%
-4.1%
94.9%
5.3%

4.2%
4.4%
-25.7%
-22.9%
15.7%

-0.8%
-12.0%
4.0%

5.6%
2.9%
-9.3%

-15.1%
-20.3%
-4.6%
1.3%
-9.1%
9.7%
2.0%
-1.5%
4.1%
0.9%
-6.0%

2014
share of
total

6.7%
9.8%
1.0%
17.5%
1.1%
9.5%
0.6%
1.2%
0.3%
0.6%

2.1%
2.4%
17.7%
0.9%

0.1%
0.1%

0.3%
1.6%
0.5%
0.1%

1.5%
0.2%

3.5%
0.1%
0.4%
0.5%
4.5%
0.1%
1.0%
1.7%
1.0%
1.0%

0.2%
0.2%
0.3%
2.5%
22.3%
0.4%

0.2%
0.6%

0.4%

2.7%
3.1%
0.4%

27.4%

3.4%
0.4%
2.3%
0.3%
0.6%
0.8%
0.2%

0.1%
0.1%
0.1%
1.4%
1.4%
38.9%
100.0%
35.9%
64.1%
9.5%
6.3%

*Based on gross primary generation and not accounting for cross-border electricity supply. Converted on the basis of thermal equivalence assuming 38% conversion efficiency in amodern thermal
power station.

Less than 0.05.


Less

than 0.05%.
Note: Hydroelectricity data expressed in terawatt-hours is available at bp.com/statisticalreview

36

Nuclear energy consumption by region

Hydroelectricity consumption by region

Million tonnes oil equivalent

Million tonnes oil equivalent


700

Rest of World
Asia Pacific
Europe & Eurasia
North America

900

Asia Pacific
Africa
Middle East
Europe & Eurasia
S. & Cent. America
North America

600

800

700
500

600

400

500

400

300

300
200

200
100

100

89

94

99

04

09

14

94

89

99

04

09

14

World nuclear power generation increased by 1.8%, significantly faster than the 10-year average of -0.8%. Gains in South Korea, China, France and North America more
than offset declines in Japan, Belgium and the UK. Global hydroelectric output grew by 2.0%. This was slower than the previous two years and below the 10-year average
of 3.3%. Nearly all global growth came from China which grew 15.7%. This was partially offset by large declines in Brazil, Turkey, North America and Russia.

Other renewables consumption by region

Other renewables share of power generation by region

Million tonnes oil equivalent

Percentage
320

Asia Pacific
Africa
Middle East
Europe & Eurasia
S. & Cent. America
North America

11

World
Asia Pacific
Africa
Middle East
Europe & Eurasia
S. & Cent. America
North America

280

10

240

200

6
160

5
120

80

2
40

94

96

98

00

02

04

06

08

10

12

14

94

96

98

00

02

04

06

08

10

12

14

Renewable energy in power grew by 12.0%, the lowest rate of growth since 2006. Nevertheless renewables continued to increase their share of electricity production,
accounting for 6.0% of global electricity. Asia Pacific contributed the largest growth increment, led by China, while Africa recorded the fastest growth rate. Europe
& Eurasia continues to lead in terms of share of power generation, with non-hydro renewables now supplying nearly 17% of EU power generation.

37

Renewable energy
Other renewables consumption*
Million tonnes oil equivalent

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Israel
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
Former Soviet Union

19.6
2.3
2.1
24.0
0.3
3.7
0.5
0.1

1.2
5.9
0.7

0.5

0.2
2.2
2.4
1.0
8.3
0.3
0.2
0.2
2.9

1.2
0.2
0.2
0.5

0.1

4.4
1.8
0.2
0.1

2.1

0.4
30.0

0.1
0.1
0.5
0.7
0.8

0.9

1.9
1.5
5.4

0.8

2.3
0.2
0.1
0.7
0.3

15.1
75.7
61.5
14.2
29.1
0.1

20.6
2.5
2.4
25.5
0.3
4.2
0.4
0.1

0.1

1.1
6.3
0.9

0.6

0.2
2.2
2.2
1.1
9.7
0.3
0.4
0.3
3.1

1.7
0.2
0.4
0.8

0.1

5.6
1.9
0.2
0.1

2.7

0.5
35.1

0.1
0.1
0.5
0.7
1.2

1.1

2.3
1.5
6.5

1.0

2.2
0.2
0.1
0.7
0.4

0.1
17.2
84.9
69.7
15.2
34.1
0.2

22.7
2.6
2.1
27.4
0.7
4.3
0.3
0.1

0.1

1.2
6.8
1.2

0.8

0.2
2.1
2.5
1.4
11.7
0.4
0.3
0.4
3.5

1.8
0.3
0.5
1.1

0.1
0.1
6.2
2.1
0.3
0.1

3.1

0.7
40.7

0.1
0.1
0.7
0.9
1.4

1.5

3.3
1.5
6.6

1.0

2.4
0.2
0.1
0.8
0.3

0.1
19.3
95.1
77.4
17.7
39.3
0.2

24.7
2.7
2.3
29.7
0.7
5.0
0.6
0.1

0.1

1.3
8.0
1.4

1.0

0.3
2.3
2.3
1.9
15.2
0.5
0.3
0.5
3.8

1.7
0.3
0.7
1.4

0.1
0.1
7.2
2.5
0.3
0.2

3.3

0.9
48.3

0.1
0.1
0.6
0.8
1.6

1.9

4.0
1.6
6.9

1.1

2.3
0.2
0.2
0.9
0.4

0.1
21.4
108.2
88.3
19.9
46.5
0.2

29.5
2.6
2.2
34.3
0.7
5.5
0.7
0.1

0.1

1.5
8.8
1.4

1.2

0.4
2.3
2.4
2.3
16.5
0.6
0.5
0.6
4.1

2.1
0.3
1.0
1.8

0.1
0.1
8.7
2.8
0.3
0.3

3.8

1.1
54.7

0.2
0.1
0.7
1.0
1.7

3.6

4.8
1.9
6.8

1.3

2.4
0.2
0.3
0.9
0.6

0.1
24.7
123.5
99.5
23.9
52.7
0.2

33.6
3.4
2.3
39.3
0.7
5.9
1.0
0.1

0.1

1.7
9.6
1.4

1.5
0.1
0.5
2.3
2.0
2.8
17.2
0.6
0.6
0.7
4.6

0.1
2.4
0.3
1.4
2.3

0.1
0.1
10.7
3.1
0.3
0.5

4.5

1.3
61.5
0.1

0.1

0.2
0.1
0.8
1.1
1.7

6.9

6.3
2.1
6.8
0.3
1.6

2.4
0.3
0.5
0.9
0.7

0.1
30.7
142.2
112.0
30.2
59.2
0.4

38.9
4.1
2.4
45.4
0.5
7.3
0.6
0.1
0.1
0.2

1.8
10.6
1.5

0.1
1.8
0.2
0.7
2.8
2.5
3.4
19.0
0.7
0.6
0.7
5.8

0.1
2.5
0.3
1.8
2.8
0.1
0.1
0.2
12.5
3.5
0.3
0.9

5.0

1.4
71.3

0.1

0.3
0.1
0.9
1.3
2.0

13.1

7.6
2.1
7.2
0.3
1.8

2.3
0.3
0.6
1.0
0.8

0.1
39.3
168.0
128.3
39.7
68.6
0.5

45.0
3.9
2.4
51.3
0.5
9.0
1.2
0.1
0.1
0.2

1.8
12.9
1.5

0.1
2.2
0.2
1.2
3.2
2.6
4.4
24.0
0.9
0.6
1.1
8.4

0.1
2.8
0.4
2.4
2.8
0.4
0.1
0.3
12.6
4.0
0.4
1.3

6.5

1.6
86.2
0.1
0.1

0.1

0.3
0.1
0.9
1.4
2.4

24.6

9.2
2.2
7.5
0.3
2.0

2.3
0.3
0.7
1.2
0.8

0.1
53.7
205.6
150.2
55.4
82.8
0.7

50.6
4.8
2.8
58.1
0.6
10.1
1.2
0.1
0.1
0.2

2.4
14.7
1.7

2.4
0.5
1.3
3.4
2.6
5.5
27.5
1.3
0.6
1.0
11.4

0.2
2.8
0.4
3.4
3.1
0.6
0.1
0.3
15.0
4.4
0.4
1.7

0.2
8.1

1.9
101.9
0.1
0.1

0.2
0.1
0.4
0.1
1.1
1.6
3.0

33.8

11.0
2.2
8.2
0.4
2.0

2.4
0.2
0.7
1.2
1.2

0.2
66.4
242.9
173.4
69.5
97.8
0.9

58.7
4.8
3.4
66.9
0.7
11.9
1.3
0.1
0.1
0.2

2.6
16.9
1.9

2.8
0.6
1.5
3.6
2.9
5.9
29.3
1.8
0.6
1.1
13.4

0.2
2.7
0.5
3.3
3.6
1.2
0.1
0.3
16.3
4.8
0.5
2.3

0.3
11.1

2.0
114.7
0.1
0.2

0.2
0.1
0.4
0.1
1.3
1.8
3.7

46.1

12.5
2.2
9.5
0.3
2.0

2.2
0.2
0.9
1.2
1.3
0.1
0.2
82.5
283.0
196.3
86.7
109.7
1.1

Change
2014 over
2013
2014

65.0
4.9
3.7
73.6
0.7
15.4
1.9
0.2
0.1
0.3

2.9
21.5
2.1

3.1
0.7
1.7
4.1
2.9
6.5
31.7
2.0
0.6
1.3
14.8

0.3
2.6
0.6
3.9
3.6
1.4
0.1
0.3
16.0
5.0
0.6
2.8

0.4
13.2

2.1
124.4
0.1
0.2

0.3
0.1
0.4
0.6
1.8
2.9
4.1
0.1
53.1

13.9
2.2
11.6
0.3
2.3
0.1
2.3
0.2
1.1
1.3
1.5
0.1
0.2
94.2
316.9
215.9
101.1
118.7
1.3

10.8%
0.3%
9.2%
10.0%
5.7%
30.2%
44.5%
3.3%
39.9%
27.0%
9.5%
157.1%
13.3%
27.5%
11.9%
575.0%
0.6%
10.9%
4.2%
14.4%
13.1%
0.1%
10.5%
8.3%
11.4%
-2.4%
12.1%
10.7%
95.5%
19.1%
-4.7%
14.1%
17.3%
1.3%
22.5%
3.1%
-7.4%
-1.4%
3.6%
13.4%
21.7%
66.7%
17.4%
19.4%
60.6%
6.3%
8.5%
15.7%
61.6%
48.3%
123.2%

5.8%
47.1%
8.2%
11.5%
482.2%
40.6%
57.5%
10.2%
33.8%
15.1%
0.1%
11.5%
2.3%
22.1%
11.1%
11.4%
120.0%
1.8%
2.0%
25.8%
0.7%
12.9%

6.7%
14.2%
12.0%
9.9%
16.6%
8.2%
12.9%

2014
share of
total

20.5%
1.5%
1.2%
23.2%
0.2%
4.9%
0.6%

0.1%

0.9%
6.8%
0.7%

1.0%
0.2%
0.5%
1.3%
0.9%
2.1%
10.0%
0.6%
0.2%
0.4%
4.7%

0.1%
0.8%
0.2%
1.2%
1.1%
0.5%

0.1%
5.1%
1.6%
0.2%
0.9%

0.1%
4.2%

0.7%
39.3%

0.1%

0.1%

0.1%
0.2%
0.6%
0.9%
1.3%

16.7%

4.4%
0.7%
3.7%
0.1%
0.7%

0.7%

0.4%
0.4%
0.5%

0.1%
29.7%
100.0%
68.1%
31.9%
37.5%
0.4%

*Based on gross generation from renewable sources including wind, geothermal, solar, biomass and waste, and not accounting for cross-border electricity supply. Converted on the basis of thermal
equivalence assuming 38% conversion efficiency in amodern thermal power station.

Less than 0.05.


Less

than 0.05%.
Note: Other renewables data expressed in terawatt-hours is available at bp.com/statisticalreview

38

Biofuels production
Thousand tonnes oil equivalent

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Colombia
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Belgium
Finland
France
Germany
Italy
Netherlands
Poland
Portugal
Spain
Sweden
United Kingdom
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Total Middle East
Total Africa
Australia
China
India
Indonesia
South Korea
Thailand
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
Former Soviet Union

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

Change
2014 over
2013

2014
share
of total

6374
114

6488
9
7154

148
7311
48

1
387
890
272
6
6

210
43
9
163
2035

6
4
493
99

4
3

604
16445
8521
7924
2028
11

7478
133

7612
9
7835
14
235
8093
70
1
6
439
1525
340
3
109
1
282
48
39
296
3160

6
20
622
114
9
9
52
10
834
19704
10782
8922
3136
22

9746
160

9906
29
8729
131
515
9405
105
21
11
665
2488
585
22
144
70
251
81
219
393
5056

6
54
846
134
44
39
80
106
1304
25676
15019
10657
5007
28

13456
461
4
13922
272
11323
141
610
12347
220
140
51
1121
3181
443
80
96
153
352
139
359
489
6824

6
70
901
136
216
74
138
207
1743
34841
20779
14063
6753
50

19149
501
4
19654
632
14132
143
787
15693
263
278
96
2012
2727
617
77
279
145
359
171
276
931
8231

11
111
1096
155
528
141
495
387
2913
46502
27907
18595
8089
130

21697
721
4
22422
1048
13962
295
606
15911
354
473
267
2312
2728
758
241
393
202
958
238
220
1170
10315

17
165
1124
70
464
343
618
435
3221
51886
32926
18960
10134
212

25568
741
13
26322
1790
15575
439
314
18118
375
582
363
2269
2888
670
384
421
275
1267
274
304
1249
11322
4
32
198
1479
113
718
491
661
294
3953
59752
38034
21718
11141
181

28518
851
12
29381
2397
13197
565
457
16616
370
641
206
1859
2825
479
651
398
293
809
315
251
1314
10412
4
25
203
1673
192
1104
308
721
249
4450
60888
39952
20936
10196
158

27270
1001
14
28284
2468
13547
612
407
17035
370
539
174
2071
2888
292
1250
631
338
586
305
287
1223
10953
4
21
176
1931
208
1388
272
994
392
5361
61658
39376
22282
10841
183

28462
1037
53
29552
1970
15782
632
406
18790
354
524
47
2220
2632
432
1445
674
208
709
305
482
1241
11274
4
21
183
2016
248
1740
308
1251
541
6286
65928
40967
24961
11197
194

30056
1143
53
31252
2577
16656
655
406
20294
310
550
47
2269
2684
432
1445
696
246
938
305
482
1280
11683
4
21
152
2083
320
2444
302
1402
834
7538
70792
43034
27758
11606
199

5.6%
10.2%

5.8%
30.9%
5.5%
3.6%

8.0%
-12.7%
4.9%

2.2%
2.0%

3.3%
18.2%
32.2%

3.1%
3.6%

-16.8%
3.3%
29.1%
40.4%
-1.8%
12.0%
54.3%
19.9%
7.4%
5.0%
11.2%
3.6%
2.6%

42.5%
1.6%
0.1%
44.1%
3.6%
23.5%
0.9%
0.6%
28.7%
0.4%
0.8%
0.1%
3.2%
3.8%
0.6%
2.0%
1.0%
0.3%
1.3%
0.4%
0.7%
1.8%
16.5%

Less

than 0.05%.
Note: Consumption of fuel ethanol and biodiesel is included in oil consumption tables.

0.2%
2.9%
0.5%
3.5%
0.4%
2.0%
1.2%
10.6%
100.0%
60.8%
39.2%
16.4%
0.3%

Source: Includes data from F.O. Lichts; US Energy Information Administration.

World biofuels production


Million tonnes oil equivalent
80

Rest of World
Europe & Eurasia
S. & Cent. America
North America

04

06

08

10

12

14

Ethanol 2004
Ethanol 2014
Biodiesel 2004
Biodiesel 2014

32

60

24

40

16

20

North America

S. & Cent. America

Europe & Eurasia

Rest of World

World biofuels production increased by 7.4% in 2014. Global ethanol production increased by 6.0%, the second consecutive year of growth, led by increases from
North America, South & Central America and Asia Pacific. Biodiesel production increased by 10.3% in 2014, despite a decline in production from North America.

39

Primary energy
Consumption*
Million tonnes oil equivalent

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Israel
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
Former Soviet Union

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

than 0.05%.
Note: Oil consumption is measured in million tonnes; other fuels in million tonnes of oil equivalent.

40

2012

2013

2349.1 2351.5 2333.1 2371.7 2320.1 2205.9 2284.9 2265.4 2209.3 2270.5 2298.7
332.7
315.6
324.2
321.6
327.4
326.7
311.3
315.9
328.5
327.2
334.3
191.4
158.9
172.7
177.7
175.8
177.3
176.7
183.0
191.0
189.3
191.5
2823.7 2848.5 2832.4 2874.9 2824.2 2693.8 2783.8 2784.9 2725.8 2796.3 2822.8
85.8
64.3
68.7
72.3
75.5
76.6
75.9
79.2
81.2
82.9
86.6
296.0
201.3
208.0
213.6
227.3
237.7
236.3
259.9
273.9
279.0
288.9
35.0
27.5
28.5
31.1
31.0
30.9
31.2
30.3
33.3
33.6
34.5
38.8
27.3
28.6
29.4
29.9
31.9
31.4
33.4
36.1
37.3
37.4
15.4
9.2
9.7
10.3
10.9
11.6
11.5
12.8
13.6
14.3
14.7
23.0
12.8
13.4
13.6
14.9
16.2
16.7
19.0
20.9
21.6
22.3
21.4
14.4
15.9
20.5
21.4
21.0
21.7
22.8
22.7
21.6
21.8
84.3
67.5
70.4
78.5
81.1
84.4
83.4
76.3
78.8
82.6
85.7
93.1
84.8
84.7
86.7
88.6
86.1
85.6
87.9
89.4
92.0
92.9
692.8
509.1
528.1
555.9
580.7
596.4
593.7
621.5
649.9
664.9
684.9
32.5
35.4
36.2
36.0
35.1
35.8
34.7
36.0
33.9
35.4
34.0
13.1
12.6
13.8
13.6
12.3
12.3
10.9
10.7
11.9
12.3
12.6
28.6
24.9
24.7
26.3
25.6
25.9
24.4
26.0
25.8
28.1
28.3
57.7
65.2
64.5
64.5
64.9
66.9
63.0
67.8
63.1
59.4
61.0
17.9
19.1
19.7
20.1
19.6
19.5
17.1
17.8
19.1
18.1
16.7
40.9
45.3
45.0
45.9
45.6
44.3
41.9
43.6
42.7
42.4
41.6
17.3
20.3
19.6
21.6
20.5
19.8
18.5
19.6
18.5
17.2
17.9
26.1
32.2
29.3
31.5
31.4
30.4
28.3
30.8
28.5
27.5
27.1
237.5
263.7
262.1
260.9
257.2
257.9
244.5
252.8
244.0
244.5
247.2
311.0
336.8
332.3
340.7
325.6
326.9
307.8
323.0
309.8
317.5
325.8
26.1
34.2
33.9
35.1
34.9
34.4
33.3
31.4
30.7
29.4
28.0
20.0
25.1
27.2
27.3
26.7
26.5
24.2
24.9
23.3
21.8
20.6
13.7
15.2
15.9
16.2
16.7
16.6
15.3
15.2
14.2
14.1
13.7
148.9
185.3
185.6
184.9
182.0
180.2
167.9
173.2
169.5
163.2
157.9
54.3
43.0
43.7
50.3
52.1
55.5
48.4
49.0
55.6
57.5
54.7
5.4
9.1
8.3
8.0
8.7
8.6
7.9
5.9
6.2
6.2
5.7
81.1
94.5
96.2
95.4
95.2
93.2
91.8
96.1
91.5
88.4
86.4
46.7
39.9
46.0
42.4
46.1
47.1
43.9
42.1
43.2
47.9
45.1
95.7
91.4
91.2
94.7
95.7
96.2
92.1
99.5
99.8
98.8
98.4
24.6
25.3
25.4
25.1
25.2
24.1
24.3
25.7
24.5
22.6
24.9
33.7
40.9
41.0
41.6
40.3
40.7
34.9
35.2
36.2
35.0
32.6
681.9
649.5
648.3
676.0
680.5
683.8
648.0
674.3
696.2
696.3
689.9
15.0
18.0
19.0
18.4
17.3
17.9
16.3
17.5
16.8
16.2
16.9
133.0
150.7
152.4
154.1
158.0
153.7
142.8
143.7
142.8
141.8
133.9
51.6
53.8
55.1
51.8
52.9
52.8
48.4
51.8
51.2
54.5
51.3
28.7
28.8
27.7
28.9
28.7
29.7
29.7
29.0
27.5
29.1
30.0
125.3
83.7
86.7
96.9
103.7
103.2
104.2
111.0
118.4
123.6
122.0
31.3
18.6
19.6
21.5
24.4
24.7
22.9
26.1
27.1
29.9
26.8
100.1
137.7
136.2
137.7
134.6
133.0
112.9
120.9
125.7
122.7
116.6
187.9
227.3
228.2
225.4
218.2
214.8
204.0
209.1
196.3
201.7
200.6
51.3
49.4
46.2
46.0
48.8
52.4
43.4
43.7
49.7
49.2
50.1
91.0
89.8
89.9
87.4
89.7
91.5
89.7
95.4
93.8
91.1
93.5
2966.3 2970.8 3026.3 3018.2 3020.2 2837.5 2948.7 2937.5 2943.3 2911.7 2830.3
252.0
166.3
177.6
194.0
208.1
217.5
227.3
227.8
238.4
239.2
244.0
24.0
21.0
21.6
21.8
22.6
23.1
22.5
23.4
23.9
24.7
24.1
40.3
28.5
30.5
28.9
28.8
30.5
31.6
34.7
35.7
38.1
39.0
50.5
16.9
20.7
22.2
22.8
23.6
28.5
33.6
42.2
45.0
46.2
239.5
147.4
152.4
158.5
165.1
179.2
186.5
202.7
207.7
220.8
222.5
103.2
60.2
63.0
66.2
73.3
84.0
82.6
86.2
91.5
95.3
97.9
118.3
86.3
91.7
89.6
94.0
103.6
106.7
115.7
112.9
116.6
119.5
827.9
526.6
557.5
581.3
614.5
661.5
685.7
724.1
752.3
779.7
793.3
52.0
31.2
32.7
33.8
35.6
37.7
39.9
38.9
41.3
45.2
48.0
86.2
59.3
62.2
65.5
69.6
73.7
76.5
80.6
82.1
86.6
85.5
126.7
117.0
110.8
113.0
116.3
125.8
124.5
126.4
125.5
123.1
123.6
155.3
117.6
122.9
122.0
126.5
133.9
131.6
144.0
139.4
148.5
151.5
420.1
325.1
328.6
334.4
347.9
371.0
372.4
389.8
388.2
403.3
408.6
122.9
115.3
119.3
125.7
126.2
126.1
123.2
123.4
125.5
126.5
126.2
28.2
15.9
16.9
18.1
18.8
19.9
21.1
22.8
24.1
25.5
26.9
1573.1 1791.4 1961.5 2133.7 2213.3 2312.5 2471.2 2679.7 2794.5 2898.1 2972.1
27.5
24.3
23.3
24.7
26.3
24.6
26.8
27.9
28.5
27.4
28.1
637.8
345.1
366.8
390.0
420.3
446.7
484.2
510.0
536.6
573.7
595.7
174.8
118.8
121.3
124.0
131.9
131.6
136.8
151.5
161.7
169.4
169.6
456.1
525.1
529.8
528.5
525.1
519.2
476.1
505.4
479.9
474.0
470.1
91.0
63.4
67.5
69.6
73.1
76.5
73.6
76.9
79.4
82.9
90.7
20.8
19.3
18.8
19.0
19.0
19.2
19.1
19.7
19.6
19.7
19.9
73.6
56.8
62.1
64.9
68.7
69.5
71.3
71.5
71.8
70.0
71.9
33.6
27.3
27.5
26.2
27.6
27.4
27.2
27.8
29.0
30.9
32.2
76.1
43.8
47.5
52.4
56.3
59.9
64.4
69.1
72.2
72.1
74.3
273.2
213.8
220.8
222.9
231.9
236.4
237.4
254.6
267.8
270.6
270.8
112.0
105.0
106.4
108.4
113.0
106.9
103.4
109.3
109.5
109.8
111.0
121.5
85.3
88.8
90.0
93.3
95.0
98.7
105.9
109.5
118.1
118.0
59.3
29.3
30.8
28.1
30.6
38.2
39.3
44.3
50.4
52.6
54.5
54.2
44.2
47.2
49.5
48.4
49.2
49.2
51.5
50.3
51.4
54.4
3405.8 3686.1 3903.5 4144.3 4259.6 4364.4 4642.9 4895.5 5069.1 5212.3 5334.6
10556.6 10919.6 11233.7 11580.6 11732.9 11547.5 12110.8 12408.3 12586.1 12807.1 12928.4
5637.6 5687.0 5699.5 5734.1 5674.5 5402.1 5607.3 5547.5 5493.8 5548.5 5498.8
4919.0 5232.7 5534.2 5846.5 6058.3 6145.4 6503.5 6860.8 7092.3 7258.7 7429.6
1823.4 1823.1 1833.8 1807.6 1797.4 1693.7 1757.2 1697.2 1689.2 1675.9 1611.4
999.3
971.7
969.3 1007.4 1017.2 1025.2
946.6
987.2 1029.4 1034.4 1016.9

*In this review, primary energy comprises commercially-traded fuels, including modern renewables used to generate electricity.
Less

2011

Change
2014 over
2013
2014

1.2%
-0.5%
-0.1%
0.9%
-1.0%
2.5%
1.4%
3.8%
4.8%
3.1%
-1.9%
-1.7%
0.1%
1.1%
-4.3%
4.3%
1.1%
-5.3%
7.1%
-1.6%
-3.4%
-3.5%
-3.9%
-4.5%
-6.6%
-3.1%
0.3%
-5.7%
-0.6%
-4.0%
-6.1%
3.6%
-2.8%
-1.1%
3.2%
-1.2%
-11.1%
-0.7%
0.6%
-4.3%
2.7%
16.7%
-14.1%
-6.3%
2.4%
-2.7%
-2.8%
3.3%
-0.2%
3.3%
9.1%
7.6%
5.5%
-1.0%
4.4%
8.4%
0.8%
2.5%
2.5%
2.8%
-2.6%
4.8%
2.6%
-2.4%
7.1%
3.1%
-3.0%
0.3%
4.8%
2.4%
4.4%
2.4%
0.9%
1.0%
3.0%
8.9%
-0.3%
2.3%
0.9%
-0.9%
2.4%
-3.9%
-1.7%

2014
share of
total

17.8%
2.6%
1.5%
21.8%
0.7%
2.3%
0.3%
0.3%
0.1%
0.2%
0.2%
0.7%
0.7%
5.4%
0.3%
0.1%
0.2%
0.4%
0.1%
0.3%
0.1%
0.2%
1.8%
2.4%
0.2%
0.2%
0.1%
1.2%
0.4%

0.6%
0.4%
0.7%
0.2%
0.3%
5.3%
0.1%
1.0%
0.4%
0.2%
1.0%
0.2%
0.8%
1.5%
0.4%
0.7%
21.9%
1.9%
0.2%
0.3%
0.4%
1.9%
0.8%
0.9%
6.4%
0.4%
0.7%
1.0%
1.2%
3.2%
1.0%
0.2%
23.0%
0.2%
4.9%
1.4%
3.5%
0.7%
0.2%
0.6%
0.3%
0.6%
2.1%
0.9%
0.9%
0.5%
0.4%
41.3%
100.0%
42.5%
57.5%
12.5%
7.7%

Consumption by fuel*
2013
Million tonnes oil equivalent

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Israel
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
NonOECD
European Union
Former Soviet Union

Oil

Natural
gas

Coal

832.1
103.5
89.7
1025.3
31.2
135.2
16.8
13.9
11.6
10.2
1.6
38.6
58.6
317.8
12.7
4.5
10.7
30.1
3.6
8.5
7.7
8.9
79.3
113.4
14.5
5.8
6.5
60.8
12.9
2.6
41.4
10.8
23.8
11.5
8.4
146.8
3.6
59.0
14.4
11.8
33.6
6.2
11.9
69.3
3.0
31.1
869.3
95.1
10.3
22.3
9.3
132.4
36.2
76.8
382.5
17.7
35.7
27.8
91.0
172.2
46.9
5.3
503.5
18.0
175.3
73.1
207.5
34.5
7.0
21.8
13.6
64.7
108.3
43.4
52.2
17.7
19.0
1412.1
4179.1
2057.1
2122.1
601.8
206.4

675.8
93.5
76.2
845.5
42.9
33.6
4.4
9.0
0.5
5.9
20.2
27.9
7.1
151.6
7.6
7.7
16.7
15.1
2.4
7.6
3.4
2.6
38.6
74.2
3.2
8.3
3.9
57.8
4.1
2.4
33.3
4.0
15.0
3.8
11.3
372.1
4.8
26.1
1.0
3.1
41.1
20.6
41.0
66.1
42.2
13.7
954.7
143.4
6.3
16.7
36.9
90.0
60.1
40.5
393.9
30.0
46.3
3.5
28.5
108.2
26.3
20.4
153.7
2.4
46.3
32.8
102.2
36.3
4.0
38.4
3.0
9.5
47.3
14.7
47.0
8.8
5.7
598.8
3052.8
1458.6
1594.1
394.1
514.2

454.6
20.8
13.4
488.8
1.3
16.5
7.5
4.3

1.0

0.2
2.8
33.6
3.3

0.9
3.2
5.9
16.4
3.2
4.5
11.8
81.7
7.0
2.3
2.0
14.0
35.9
0.3
8.2
0.7
55.8
2.7
5.8
90.5
3.5
11.4
2.1
0.1
31.6

41.4
37.1
2.6
22.5
508.2
1.1
7.4

0.1
1.5
0.1
10.3
0.2
0.2
88.7
7.6
96.6
44.9
1.0
1961.2
7.8
324.3
57.6
128.6
17.0
1.5
3.5
11.0

81.9
41.0
16.2
15.8
16.3
2729.5
3867.0
1069.1
2797.9
288.6
177.8

2014

Nuclear
Hydro
energy electricity

187.9
23.1
2.7
213.7
1.4
3.3

4.7

9.6
3.2
7.0

5.4
95.9
22.0

3.5

0.7

2.6
39.0
3.6
12.8
15.1
5.9

18.8
16.0

1.7
262.9
0.9

0.9

3.4

3.4

25.3

7.5

3.3

1.2

31.4
9.4

78.1
563.7
447.1
116.6
198.6
58.4

61.4
88.5
6.2
156.1
9.2
88.5
4.5
10.0
2.5
4.9

19.0
21.8
160.4
8.4
0.3

0.1
0.9
0.7

2.9
15.8
5.2
1.5

0.1
11.9
1.7
0.1

29.2
0.6
3.3
3.3
41.3
1.1
8.3
13.9
8.6
13.4

3.1
1.1
2.4
22.4
201.9
3.4

2.0
5.4

2.9
0.3
23.2
26.4
4.4
0.2
208.2

29.8
3.8
19.0
2.7
5.2
7.0
2.3

1.0
1.2
1.3
12.1
13.2
311.4
861.6
320.3
541.3
83.0
58.9

Renew
ables

Total

Oil

Natural
gas

58.7 2270.5
4.8
334.3
3.4
191.5
66.9 2796.3
0.7
86.6
11.9
288.9
1.3
34.5
0.1
37.4
0.1
14.7
0.2
22.3

21.8

85.7
2.6
92.9
16.9
684.9
1.9
34.0

12.6

28.3
2.8
61.0
0.6
16.7
1.5
41.6
3.6
17.9
2.9
27.1
5.9
247.2
29.3
325.8
1.8
28.0
0.6
20.6
1.1
13.7
13.4
157.9

54.7
0.2
5.7
2.7
86.4
0.5
45.1
3.3
98.4
3.6
24.9
1.2
32.6
0.1
689.9
0.3
16.9
16.3
133.9
4.8
51.3
0.5
30.0
2.3
122.0

26.8
0.3
116.6
11.1
200.6

50.1
2.0
93.5
114.7 2911.7
0.1
244.0
0.2
24.1

39.0

46.2

222.5

97.9

119.5
0.2
793.3
0.1
48.0
0.4
85.5
0.1
123.6
1.3
151.5
1.8
408.6
3.7
126.2

26.9
46.1 2898.1

28.1
12.5
595.7
2.2
169.6
9.5
470.1
0.3
90.7
2.0
19.9

71.9
2.2
32.2
0.2
74.3
0.9
270.8
1.2
111.0
1.3
118.0
0.1
54.5
0.2
54.4
82.5 5212.3
283.0 12807.1
196.3 5548.5
86.7 7258.7
109.7 1675.9
1.1 1016.9

836.1
103.0
85.2
1024.4
30.9
142.5
16.7
14.5
12.1
10.4
1.6
38.5
59.3
326.5
12.6
4.6
11.0
30.0
3.8
9.2
7.7
8.6
76.9
111.5
14.2
6.0
6.6
56.6
13.0
2.5
39.6
10.3
23.8
11.4
9.0
148.1
3.5
59.5
14.4
10.6
33.8
6.4
10.2
69.3
3.1
31.3
858.9
93.2
10.1
22.2
10.1
142.0
39.3
76.0
393.0
18.0
38.7
29.1
93.6
179.4
45.5
5.7
520.3
17.0
180.7
73.9
196.8
35.2
7.2
22.6
14.3
66.2
108.0
43.9
53.0
18.7
19.7
1428.9
4211.1
2032.3
2178.9
592.5
207.0

695.3
93.8
77.2
866.3
42.4
35.7
4.3
9.8
0.6
6.5
19.8
26.8
7.1
153.1
7.0
8.3
16.5
13.3
2.4
6.8
2.8
2.2
32.3
63.8
2.5
7.5
3.7
51.1
5.1
2.3
28.9
4.2
14.7
3.4
10.6
368.3
3.3
23.7
0.8
2.7
43.7
24.9
34.6
60.0
43.9
13.4
908.7
153.2
6.8
18.1
40.3
97.4
62.4
40.4
418.6
33.7
43.2
3.7
27.4
108.1
26.3
21.2
166.9
2.3
45.6
34.5
101.2
36.9
4.3
37.8
3.2
9.7
43.0
15.5
47.4
9.2
5.6
610.7
3065.5
1432.6
1632.9
348.2
511.6

Coal

453.4
21.2
14.4
488.9
1.3
15.3
6.8
4.2

1.0

0.2
2.9
31.6
2.7

1.0
3.8
6.5
16.0
2.6
4.1
9.0
77.4
6.5
2.2
2.0
13.5
34.5
0.2
9.0
0.7
52.9
2.5
5.8
85.2
3.4
12.0
2.0
0.1
35.9

33.0
29.5
2.0
20.4
476.5
1.1
6.9

0.1
1.5
0.1
9.7
0.2
0.7
89.4
8.2
98.6
43.8
1.0
1962.4
8.1
360.2
60.8
126.5
15.9
1.5
4.9
11.7

84.8
40.9
18.4
19.1
16.7
2776.6
3881.8
1052.5
2829.3
269.8
162.6

Nuclear
Hydro
energy electricity

189.8
24.0
2.2
216.1
1.3
3.5

4.7

7.6
3.6
6.9

5.4
98.6
22.0

3.5

0.9

2.6
40.9
3.5
13.0
14.8
6.3

20.0
14.4

2.0
266.1
1.0

1.0

3.6

3.6

28.6

7.8

1.1

35.4
9.6

82.5
574.0
449.8
124.2
198.3
61.5

59.1
85.7
8.6
153.5
9.3
83.6
5.4
10.1
2.6
4.9

18.7
20.8
155.4
8.1
0.3

0.1
1.0
0.4

3.0
14.2
4.6
1.0
0.1
0.2
12.9
1.7
0.1

30.9
0.5
3.7
4.2
39.3
1.0
8.9
14.6
8.5
9.1

1.9
1.3
2.4
21.7
195.7
3.4

1.8
5.2

3.1
0.3
24.2
27.5
3.3
0.1
240.8

29.6
3.4
19.8
2.7
5.5
7.2
2.1

0.8
0.9
1.2
12.3
12.0
341.6
879.0
315.7
563.3
83.8
55.4

Renew
ables

Total

65.0 2298.7
332.7
4.9
191.4
3.7
73.6 2822.8
85.8
0.7
296.0
15.4
35.0
1.9
38.8
0.2
15.4
0.1
23.0
0.3
21.4

84.3

93.1
2.9
692.8
21.5
32.5
2.1
13.1

28.6

57.7
3.1
17.9
0.7
40.9
1.7
17.3
4.1
26.1
2.9
237.5
6.5
311.0
31.7
26.1
2.0
20.0
0.6
13.7
1.3
148.9
14.8
54.3

5.4
0.3
81.1
2.6
46.7
0.6
95.7
3.9
24.6
3.6
33.7
1.4
681.9
0.1
15.0
0.3
133.0
16.0
51.6
5.0
28.7
0.6
125.3
2.8
31.3

100.1
0.4
187.9
13.2
51.3

91.0
2.1
124.4 2830.3
252.0
0.1
24.0
0.2
40.3

50.5

239.5

103.2

118.3

827.9
0.3
52.0
0.1
86.2
0.4
126.7
0.6
155.3
1.8
420.1
2.9
122.9
4.1
28.2
0.1
53.1 2972.1
27.5

637.8
13.9
174.8
2.2
456.1
11.6
91.0
0.3
20.8
2.3
73.6
0.1
33.6
2.3
76.1
0.2
273.2
1.1
112.0
1.3
121.5
1.5
59.3
0.1
54.2
0.2
94.2 5334.6
316.9 12928.4
215.9 5498.8
101.1 7429.6
118.7 1611.4
999.3
1.3

*In this review, primary energy comprises commercially-traded fuels, including modern renewables used to generate electricity.
Less than 0.05.
Note: Oil consumption is measured in million tonnes; other fuels in million tonnes of oil equivalent.

41

World consumption
Million tonnes oil equivalent
14000

Coal
Renewables
Hydroelectricity
Nuclear energy
Natural gas
Oil

13000
12000
11000
10000
9000
8000
7000
6000
5000
4000
3000
2000
1000

89

90

91

92

93

94

95

96

97

98

99

00

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

10

11

12

13

14

World primary energy consumption grew by a below-average 0.9% in 2014, the slowest rate of growth since 1998 other than the decline in the aftermath of the financial
crisis. Growth was below average in all regions except North America and Africa. All fuels except nuclear grew at below-average rates. Oil remains the worlds dominant
fuel. Hydroelectric and other renewables in power generation both reached record shares of global primary energy consumption (6.8% and 2.5%, respectively).

Regional consumption pattern 2014


Percentage
100

90

80

70

60

50

40

30

20

10

North America

S. & Cent. America

Europe & Eurasia

Middle East

Africa

Asia Pacific

The Asia Pacific region once again accounted for the largest increment to global primary energy consumption and continues to account for the largest share (41.3% of the
global total). The region accounted for over 71% of global coal consumption for the first time in 2014, and coal remains the regions dominant fuel. Gas is the dominant fuel
in Europe & Eurasia and the Middle East, while oil is the largest source of energy in the Americas and Africa.

42

Consumption per capita 2014


Tonnes oil equivalent

0-1.5
1.5-3.0
3.0-4.5
4.5-6.0
> 6.0

Fossil fuel reserves-to-production (R/P) ratios at end 2014


Years
500

Oil
Natural gas
Coal

400

300

200

100

OECD

Non-OECD

European Union

Former Soviet Union

World

Coal remains by far the most abundant fossil fuel by R/P ratio, though oil and natural gas reserves have increased over time. Non-OECD countries account for the
majority of proved reserves for all fossil fuels. The Middle East holds the largest reserves for oil and natural gas, and the highest R/P ratio for natural gas; South &
Central America hold the highest R/P ratio for oil. Europe & Eurasia holds the largest coal reserves and the highest R/P ratio.

43

Appendices
Approximate conversion factors
Crude oil*

Units

From

To

Tonnes (metric)
Kilolitres
Barrels
US gallons
Barrels per day

tonnes
(metric)

US
gallons

tonnes
per year

kilolitres

barrels
Multiply by

1
0.8581
0.1364
0.00325

1.165
1
0.159
0.0038

7.33
6.2898
1
0.0238

307.86
264.17
42
1

49.8

tonnes
kilolitres
to barrels
to tonnes
Multiply by

tonnes
to kilolitres

*Based on worldwide average gravity.

Products
To convert
barrels
to tonnes

Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG)


Gasoline
Kerosene
Gas oil/diesel
Residual fuel oil
Product basket

0.086
0.118
0.128
0.133
0.149
0.125

11.6
8.5
7.8
7.5
6.7
8.0

0.542
0.740
0.806
0.839
0.939
0.786

1.844
1.351
1.240
1.192
1.065
1.272

Natural gas (NG) and liquefied natural gas (LNG)


From

To
billion cubic
metres NG

1 billion cubic metres NG


1 billion cubic feet NG
1 million tonnes oil equivalent
1 million tonnes LNG
1 trillion British thermal units
1 million barrels oil equivalent

billion cubic million tonnes million tonnes


feet NG oil equivalent
LNG
Multiply by

1
0.028
1.11
1.36
0.028
0.15

35.3
1
39.2
48.0
0.99
5.35

0.90
0.025
1
1.22
0.025
0.14

0.74
0.021
0.82
1
0.021
0.11

trillion British million barrels


thermal units oil equivalent

35.7
1.01
39.7
48.6
1
5.41

6.60
0.19
7.33
8.97
0.18
1

1 metric tonne = 2204.62lb


= 1.1023 short tons
1 kilolitre = 6.2898 barrels
= 1 cubic metre
1 kilocalorie (kcal) = 4.187kJ
= 3.968Btu
1 kilojoule (kJ) = 0.239kcal
=0.948Btu
1 British thermal
=0.252kcal
unit (Btu)
= 1.055kJ
1 kilowatt-hour (kWh) = 860kcal
= 3600kJ
= 3412Btu

Calorific equivalents

One tonne of oil equivalent equals approximately:


Heat units 10 million kilocalories
42 gigajoules
40 million British
thermal units
Solid fuels
1.5 tonnes of hardcoal

3 tonnes of lignite
Gaseous fuels See Natural gas and
liquefied natural gas table
Electricity
12 megawatt-hours
One million tonnes of oil or oil equivalent produces
about 4400 gigawatt-hours (= 4.4 terawatt-hours)
of electricity in amodern power station.
1 barrel of ethanol = 0.57 barrel of oil
1 barrel of biodiesel = 0.88 barrel of oil

Definitions
Statistics published in this review are taken from
government sources and published data. No use
is made of confidential information obtained by
BPin the course of its business.
Country and geographic groupings are
made purely for statistical purposes and are not
intended to imply any judgement about political
or economic standings.
North America
US(excluding Puerto Rico), Canada, Mexico.
South & Central America
Caribbean (including Puerto Rico), Central and
SouthAmerica.
Europe
European members of the OECD plus Albania,
Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus,
Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Gibraltar,
Malta, Romania, Serbia and Montenegro.
Former Soviet Union
Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia,
Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova,
Russian Federation, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan,
Ukraine, Uzbekistan.
Europe & Eurasia
All countries listed above under the headings
Europe and Former Soviet Union.
Middle East
Arabian Peninsula, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan,
Lebanon,Syria.
North Africa
Territories on the north coast of Africa from Egypt
to western Sahara.

44

West Africa
Territories on the west coast of Africa from Mauritania
to Angola, including Cape Verde, Chad.
East and Southern Africa
Territories on the east coast of Africa from Sudan to
Republic of South Africa. Also Botswana, Madagascar,
Malawi, Namibia, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Asia Pacific
Brunei, Cambodia, China, China Hong Kong SAR*,
Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Macau, Malaysia, Mongolia,
NorthKorea, Philippines, Singapore, South Asia
(Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Nepal,
Pakistan, SriLanka), South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand,
Vietnam, Australia, New Zealand, Papua NewGuinea,
Oceania.
*Special Administrative Region.
Australasia
Australia, New Zealand.
OECD members
Europe: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark,
Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary,
Iceland, Republic of Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg,
Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia,
Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, UK.
Othermember countries: Australia, Canada, Chile,
Israel, Japan, Mexico, New Zealand, South Korea, US.
OPEC members
Middle East: Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia,
United Arab Emirates.
North Africa: Algeria, Libya.
West Africa: Angola, Nigeria.
South America: Ecuador, Venezuela.

European Union members


Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus,
CzechRepublic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France,
Germany, Greece, Hungary, Republic of Ireland, Italy,
Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands,
Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain,
Sweden, UK.
Non-OECD
All countries that are not members of the OECD.
Methodology
The primary energy values of nuclear and
hydroelectric power generation, as well as electricity
from renewable sources, have been derived by
calculating the equivalent amount of fossil fuel
required to generate the same volume of electricity
ina thermal power station, assuming aconversion
efficiency of 38% (the average for OECD thermal
power generation).
Fuels used as inputs for conversion technologies
(gasto-liquids, coal-to-liquids and coal-to-gas) are
counted as production for the source fuel and the
outputs are counted as consumption for the
convertedfuel.
Percentages
Calculated before rounding of actuals. All annual
changes and shares of totals are on aweight basis
except on pages6, 13, 16, 18 and 20.
Rounding differences
Because of rounding, some totals may not agree
exactly with the sum of their component parts.
Tonnes
Metric equivalent of tons.

More information

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Acknowledgements
Data compilation
Centre for Energy Economics Research
and Policy, Heriot-Watt University,
www.ceerp.hw.ac.uk
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