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Biomimicryy and Architecture

The Eden Project

Introduction

Introduction

Architecture inspired by natural forms

Metals Micro-manufacturing
g
Biomimicry

Architecture Inspired by Natural Systems

PINEAPPLE SHED, HELIGAN GARDENS

Methane

Unsorted
Waste

Landfill

Emissions to
Water

Gabion
Walls

Low Grade
Heat

Carbon Neutral
Heating System

Compost

Agriculture

Digester
g
Other
Recyclables 6%

Inert
Waste 5%

Biodegradable
Waste 57%

Unsorted
Waste

Recyclable Metal,
Glass, Plastic 8%

Foodstuff

Other 12%
Paper 12%

Insulation

entrance at
high level

exit at
low level

biodigesters
g
skywalks

gantry

service road

Eco-rainforest revenue streams:

Electrical value ((4.5p/kWh)


p
)
Heat value (2p/kWh)
Landfill tax ((20/t))
Compost value (50/t)

Total

1.6 million
0.7 million
7.1 million
1.7 million
11 million / year

Biomass image

Architecture Inspired by Natural Processes

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Sunlight
Condenser
s

IR

Evaporator
1

fan
Air flow

PAR

Evaporator
2

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crops

Freshwater

Seawater intake and


return

The Sahara Forest Project


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Whatever the green lobby might want, the reality is


that humanity is going to be consuming huge and
ever-increasing amounts of coal, gas and oil
Malcolm Wicks, Interview in New Statesman, 03.10.05

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Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful


committed citizens can change the world.
Indeed it is the only thing that ever has
Margaret Mead

Biomimicry workshop

W k h task:
Workshop
k

Choose an existing building, development or organisation and


redesign it using biomimicry principles.
This could be anything from an individual house up to a city

Bi i i
Biomimicry
Pi i l
Principles:
1. Hook up
p to create synergies
y g
2. Waste from one organism becomes the nutrient for another
3 Nature
3.
N t
uses what
h t iis abundant
b d t
4. Use more design and less material
5. Use current solar income
6 Use benign manufacturing
6.
7. Biologise all the functions in a scheme and find out how
nature
t
has
h tackled
t kl d th
those challenges
h ll
8. Design elements to serve multiple functions

What is Biomimicry?
y

The Eden Project

Biomimicry Institute

Structure
Foundational support
Envelope (regulate air, light, moisture, heat)
Services (distribute data, light, solids, liquids, air,
electricity)
Colour creation
Noise abatement
Protection from non-biological agents (seismic forces,
water, wind, dust / dirt, mineral accumulation, fire)

Forest fire image

Images
ages of
o eucalyptus
euca yptus a
and
d co
cork oa
oaks
s