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Apostrophes Exercise 1
This handout accompanies Exercise 1 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Choose the correct evaluation of each underlined word.
1. Annoying music escaped from Kinyas ear buds.
A. Kinyas contains a correct apostrophe.
B. No apostrophe is needed.
2. Buy your own pens! You cannot borrow ours.
A. Ours does not need an apostrophe.
B. Ours should have an apostrophe between the r and s: ours.
C. Ours should have an apostrophe after the s: ours.
3. Ask Henry for help. His brain possesss all kinds of strange trivia.
A. Possesss contains a correct apostrophe.
B. You must spell the word like this: possesses.
4. The alarm clocks buzz startled Shane awake.
A. Clocks does not need an apostrophe.
B. Clocks should have an apostrophe between the k and s: clocks.
5. While the bee buzzes among the blooms, a patient mantis waits to strike.
A. Buzzes does not need an apostrophe.
B. You must spell the word with an apostrophe: buzzs.
C. You must spell the word with an apostrophe: buzzes.
6. The Larsens decided not to shutter their windows even though they were taking vacation at the
height of hurricane season.
A. Larsens contains a correct apostrophe.
B. The apostrophe should come after the s: Larsens.
C. Larsens should not have an apostrophe.
7. Betty Ann could not resist petting the adorable poodle puppies.
A. Puppies contains a correct apostrophe.
B. No apostrophe is needed.
C. Puppies should have the apostrophe after the s: puppies.

8. Our stomachs might burst! We shouldnt have eaten so many fried cheese sticks.
A. Shouldnt contains a correct apostrophe.
B. The apostrophe must come between the d and n, where the space was omitted: shouldnt.
9. Phillip banged his knees on the metal bar beneath the desk.
A. Knees contains a correct apostrophe.
B. Knees should have the apostrophe before the s: knees.
C. Theres no apostrophe in knees.
10. Kimberlys agile fingers typed the password too quickly for Pedro to catch.
A. Kimberlys contains a correct apostrophe.
B. The apostrophe should come after the s: Kimberlys.
11. We wouldnt try one of your oatmeal raisin cookies for cash. Weave seen your dirty kitchen!
A. Weave is a correct contraction.
B. You must spell the word like this: weve.
12. We spent more time on our science fair project than Karen and Denny did, but everyone is
ignoring our work to view theirs instead!
A. Theirs contains a correct apostrophe.
B. Theirs should have the apostrophe after the s: theirs.
C. Theirs should not have an apostrophe.
13. The pools leaf covered surface did not invite Brandi to swim.
A. Pools does not need an apostrophe.
B. Pools should have an apostrophe between the l and s: pools.
C. Pools should have an apostrophe after the s: pools.
14. In the morning, my dog Skeeter loves to sleep in the sunlight that pools on the living room floor.
A. Pools contains a correct apostrophe.
B. You dont put an apostrophe in pools.
C. Pools should have the apostrophe after the s: pools.
15. Deloress leg jiggled while Professor Caldero explained the plagiarism penalties for the research
essay.
A. Deloress contains a correct apostrophe.
B. You must spell the word like this: Deloreses.

16. Our mouths were so full of delicious brownies that we could not speak.
A. Brownies contains a correct apostrophe.
B. Brownies should have the apostrophe after the s: brownies.
C. Brownies should not have an apostrophe.
17. Anthony trys to enjoy his tropical fish, but the aquarium glass is filthy with algae.
A. Trys contains a correct apostrophe.
B. You must spell the word like this: tries.
C. You must spell the word without an apostrophe: tries.
18. Marcus harasses his little sister Maggie by pulling her long braids.
A. Harasses does not need an apostrophe.
B. You must spell the word with an apostrophe: harasses.
19. Maggie looked up in time to swat Marcuses hand from her face.
A. Marcuses correctly shows possession.
B. You must punctuate the word like this: Marcuss.
20. Eva cant believe her bad luck! First, her professor gave a pop quiz in chemistry, and now a water
main break means the bathrooms are inoperable!
A. Means does not need an apostrophe.
B. Means should have an apostrophe between the n and s: means.
C. Means should have an apostrophe after the s: means.

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Apostrophes Exercise 2
This handout accompanies Exercise 2 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Choose the option that corrects an error in the underlined portions. If no error exists,
choose No change is necessary.

1. To avoid muddy dog prints on Moms clean floor, we left the puppys in the backyard.
A
B
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

prints
Moms
puppies
No change is necessary.

2. Strands of hair whipped Jessicas face as the cold wind blew through the bare trees.
A
B
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

Strands
Jessicas
trees
No change is necessary.

3. Even on the belts last hole, the baggy jeans keep sliding off Rogers hips, making the poor
A
B
C
boy waddle like a penguin.
A.
B.
C.
D.

belts
jeans
Rogers
No change is necessary.

4. Even after four cups of coffee, Melissa couldnt muster the energy to finish the journal
A
B
assignments for Professor Koopmans class.
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

cups
couldnt
Koopmans
No change is necessary.

5. The lawn mowers roar woke Stephen from a sound sleep. He cursed his neighbors
A
B
dedication to yard maintenance and dove under the blankets.
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

mowers
neighbors
blankets
No change is necessary.

6. The bed beckoned with its soft pillows and warm blankets, but Tommy still had 25
A
problems to solve for Mr. Takashimas algebra class.
B
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

its
problems
Takashimas
No change is necessary.

7. Jeannette hated my Halloween costume, but she loves zombies, so shell like yours.
A
B
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

zombies
sheill
yours
No change is necessary.

8. Lissette cant believe her roommates bad manners; Alex has once again left the bathroom
A
B
sink full of shaving cream and whiskers.
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

cant
roommates
whiskers
No change is necessary.

9. Esthers eyeglasses are cloudy with fingerprints, but her brother Niles keeps his lenses
A
B
C
pristine.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Esthers
Niles
lenses
No change is necessary.

10. Mrs. Majeed frowned as she glanced at the blue teams answers. We certainly hope she
A
smile's when she sees ours.
B
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

teams
smiles
ours
No change is necessary.

11. Every morning, Clarissa straightens her curls with a flat iron and reapplys metallic pink
A
B
polish to her fingernails.
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

curls
reapplies
fingernails
No change is necessary.

12. Looking for signs of wear to disqualify the issue as mint, Sheldon inspected the comic
A
books corners and spine.
B
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

signs
books
corners
No change is necessary.

13. Antoines fingers are never still; if this young man isnt drumming out a song on the desk,
A
B
then hes snapping a rubber band or twirling pens.
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

Antoines
isnt
his
No change is necessary.

14. Lines of worry creased Samuels forehead as he scanned the quiz items.
A
B
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

Lines
Samuels
items
No change is necessary.

15. The contents of Christinas purse include tangled necklaces, an uncapped lip balm, and her
A
B
roommates missing watch.
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

Christinas
necklaces
roommates
No change is necessary.

16. Nicks collection of hats includes a ball cap shaped like a plate of tacos.
A
B
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

Nicks
hats
tacos
No change is necessary.

17. We couldnt see well from our seats, so when Byron and his friends left to buy popcorn, we
A
B
stole theirs.
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

couldnt
friends
theirs
No change is necessary.

18. Bens bad attitude gets him in trouble in class. We need to convince Ben to uncross his
A
B
arms and smile on occasion.
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

Benss
gets
arms
No change is necessary.

19. As James was writing his concluding paragraph, his pencil point broke. Rummaging in his
A
B
book bag for another writing instrument, he hoped that his great last lines wouldnt escape.
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

James
pencils
lines
No change is necessary.

20. Gloria covered her ears with her hands and focused on the quiz questions; she tried to
A
B
ignore the techno music escaping from Chandlers ear buds.
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

ears
questions
Chandlers
No change is necessary.

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Apostrophes Exercise 3
This handout accompanies Exercise 3 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Choose the option that corrects an error in the underlined portions. If no error exists,
choose No change is necessary.

1. Outside, the sun makes Boriss red hair glow with copper tones.
A
B
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

makes
Borises
tones
No change is necessary.

2. Louies moustache has long waxed whiskers that curl down like walrus tusks.
A
B
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

Louies
whiskers
tusks
No change is necessary.

3. Nick slammed the oven door shut when he discovered Moms burning pies inside.
A
B
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

ovens
Moms
pies
No change is necessary.

4. Rebecca borrowed Elijahs baseball cap since she would have no chance of catching
A
fly balls with the sun right in her eyes.
B
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

Elijahs
fly balls
eyes
No change is necessary.

5. We notice that Phyllis always washs her hands, so if we try an hors doeuvre, we want
A
B
one of hers.
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

always
washes
hers
No change is necessary.

6. Missing apostrophes, overabundant commas, and abused semicolons make Deons


A
B
C
essay a mess.
A.
B.
C.
D.

apostrophes
semicolons
Deons
No change is necessary.

7. Sam and Sara always have extra supplies, so if you forgot to bring a pencil, ask to borrow
A
B
one of theirs.
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

always
supplys
theirs
No change is necessary.

8. Waves crashed on the beach, and clouds darkened the sky. The days rough conditions
A
B
C
convinced us to stay out of the water.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Waves
clouds
days
No change is necessary.

9. No matter what tool Kyle tried, he couldnt remove the rusty screws from the door frame.
A
B
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

couldnt
screws
doors
No change is necessary.

10. Elephants are Jeremys favorite animal. He cringes every time he hears that poachers
A
B
C
have slaughtered another herd.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Jeremys
cringes
poachers
No change is necessary.

11. Zebras grazed in the zoos paddocks while tigers paced in concrete and iron cages.
A
B
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

zoos
tigers
cages
No change is necessary.

12. Pedro never puts much effort into his cookies, but we slaved for hours on ours, so you
A
B
C
should definitely try one!
A.
B.
C.
D.

cookies
hours
ours
No change is necessary.

13. I decided to borrow Elizabeths scarf because the colors matched my outfit, and she
A
B
wouldnt notice it was missing until hours after I left.
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

Elizabeths
colors
wouldnt
No change is necessary.

14. Melodys rendition of I Will Always Love You hurt our ears, but you have a nice singing
A
voice, so were hoping to enjoy yours.
B
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

ears
were
yours
No change is necessary.

15. Ben stared at Jennifers reflection in the plate glass library window. He admired the many
A
curls that cascaded down her back and the pink poodle earrings dangling from her lobes.
B
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

Jennifers
curls
earrings
No change is necessary.

16. After Alex skinned both of his knees, he propped his unicycle against the garage wall and
A
B
no longer rides it.
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

knees
garages
rides
No change is necessary.

17. Frances tried my chocolate-broccoli muffins and made a face. Maybe hell like yours better
A
B
C
since you use fresh broccoli.
A.
B.
C.
D.

muffins
hell
yours
No change is necessary.

18. In the hot classroom, Warrens glasss kept slipping down his sweaty nose.
A
B
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

Warrens
glasses
hes
No change is necessary.

19. Hannahs hackles rose at Jermaines criticism of her essay. Never mess with Hannah if she
A
B
hasnt had her coffee yet.
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

Hannahs
Jermaines
hasnt
No change is necessary.

20. We will try the cupcakes because they are Taras, not yours. Unlike you, Tara doesnt
A
B
C
sneeze into the mixing bowl!
A.
B.
C.
D.

Taras
yours
doesnt
No change is necessary.

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Apostrophes Exercise 4
This handout accompanies Exercise 4 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Use an apostrophe or apostrophe + s to simplify the long phrase in bold. Write your
new version in the box above the phrase.

1. The calculator that belongs to Jeffrey has keys sticky with peanut butter.

2. The sudden change of the stoplight made Shane slam on his breaks.

3. The bad table manners of Pedro include chewing and talking simultaneously. No wonder
Maria wont agree to a date!

4. Curling outside the nostrils, the nose hair of Adam repulses Laurie, who sits across the
table.

5. The money that Elvis hides in the cookie jar is greasy with butter.

6. The stiff bristles on the brush do not apply paint smoothly.

7. A hungry crow snatched the half-eaten hot dog that Todd abandoned on the picnic
table.

8. The cell phone that Marco uses is shiny with potato chip grease.

9. The barrettes that Luciana wears in her hair are antiques from her great-grandmother.

10. At work, the sullen attitude that Harriet demonstrates inspires customers to take their
money elsewhere.

11. With their long necks, the giraffes have defoliated the top branches of the trees.

12. The clumsiness that plagues Anastasia makes wearing 4-inch heels impossible.

13. The dirtiness of the public restroom inspired Beatrice to wait until she got home to go.

14. The lack of grammatical control that Nicholas demonstrates translates into low
grades on essays.

15. Look at all of those teeth marks! That must be a pencil that belongs to Tobias.

16. All night, we listened to the loud party that the neighbors threw.

17. The annoyance that Erika experiences every time that Leonard burps at the dining room
table will soon mean he has to eat dinner on the sofa.

18. The perseverance that Isabelle showed in calculus has paid off with an A in the class.

19. The crusty surfaces of the dishes indicate that Ramsey hasnt cleaned the kitchen in
days.

20. The insistent meowing of the cats tells Selena that its time to feed her seven felines.

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Apostrophes Exercise 5
This handout accompanies Exercise 5 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Use an apostrophe or apostrophe + s to simplify the long phrase in bold. Write your
new version in the box above the phrase.

1. The hot pink high tops that Montgomery wore drew everyones attention.

2. Try the cookies that Phyllis baked. They are the best ones!

3. You need to clean the yard tools that you borrowed from Mr. Dickson. Hes very picky
about his possessions.

4. The messy notebook that Marc brings to class contains detailed notes from Dr.
Graysons tedious lectures.

5. The satisfaction that Kevin gets with a C means a GPA without scholarship potential.

6. Annistacia owns a big, powerful pit bull that intimidates everyone who meets him.

7. The vegetable garden that Gladys is always fertilizing has tomatoes the size of
softballs!

8. Read the essay that Curtis wrote. Its so funny that youll snort your coffee!

9. The teacher for that class assigns twice as many essays as our teacher does.

10. Look at the grease stains! This paper must be homework from Francis. That boy is always
eating cafeteria French fries!

11. We didnt want to destroy the nests the birds had built, so we waited until winter to cut
down the old oak tree.

12. The novels that Bliss never dusts fill the shelves of her many bookcases.

13. The wild plaid shirt that Carlos was wearing made Sara dizzy.

14. When we bought the used car from an old woman, we didnt expect to find rap music in
the CD drive.

15. Hurry up and finish! You dont want to experience the anger of our boss.

16. The cats that the neighbors adopted leave a trail of paw prints all over the hoods of our
cars.

17. You must pay back the money that Dad lent you if you want to avoid all the weekend
chores that he will assign.

18. Every morning at 3 a.m., the sprinkler system that the Weavers have waters the yard
illegally.

19. We shrieked with delight at the old photos in the high school yearbook that Mom found.

20. The impressive music collection that Warren has amassed is mostly illegal
downloads from the Internet.

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Comma Splices and Fused Sentences Exercise 1


This handout accompanies Exercise 1 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Determine whether the items below are comma splices or fused sentences.

1.

Julie is a real hypochondriac when her stomach hurts, she is certain that she has a bleeding
ulcer, and if she has a backache, she believes that she has cancer of the spine.
A. comma splice
B. fused sentence

2.

My cat Buster loves to nap on warm appliances when he sleeps on top of the television, his
tail swipes the screen like a windshield wiper.
A. comma splice
B. fused sentence

3.

During English class, Anthony kept flirting with RaShaunda because his behavior was
keeping Shenicka from understanding the lecture, Shenicka whacked him over the head with
her heavy dictionary.
A. comma splice
B. fused sentence

4.

In preparation for the quiz, La'Mia studied comma splices and fused sentences until she
thought her brain would burst, finally, she put away her notes, convinced that she would
remember the rules even on her death bed.
A. comma splice
B. fused sentence

5.

At the back of the classroom, Nina sat with her arms crossed, glaring at her teacher, Mr.
Beane, her body language indicated that English was her least favorite subject.
A. comma splice
B. fused sentence

6.

When Matt shaved his head, his mother worried that he had joined a cult the real reason for
the bald head, however, was that Matt could get more attention and sympathy from girls who
thought he was sick with a dread disease.
A.
B.

7.

comma splice
fused sentence

Mike loves to play computer games, especially Tomb Raider, he imagines that all of the
villains are his problems, and he gets great satisfaction blasting them to bits.
A.
B.

comma splice
fused sentence

8.

Cindy's mumbling often gets her in trouble just the other day, in fact, her stylist misunderstood
Cindy's instructions and dyed her hair blue after Cindy asked him to trim the ends.
A.
B.

9.

Clyde knew that he should be saving money for next semester's tuition he spent every
paycheck, however, on gold jewelry and expensive dinners for his greedy girlfriend Gloria.
A.
B.

10.

comma splice
fused sentence

When Jim threw his back out while helping his wife Nancy move the sofa, he feared the
treatment the doctor would recommend, a week's worth of bed rest during the nicest week in
April would certainly wreck Jim's golf plans.
A.
B.

16.

comma splice
fused sentence

Michelle is terrified of spiders, so when she found one in the bathroom, she panicked,
refusing to shower for three days to use the restroom, she drove to her neighborhood gas
station.
A.
B.

15.

comma splice
fused sentence

Madison believed that the best job in the universe would be to work as a crew member on the
star ship Enterprise since this job existed only on television, Madison settled for clerking at a
neighborhood comic book store that sold Star Trek memorabilia.
A.
B.

14.

comma splice
fused sentence

Because his glasses were so thick, Quincy refused to get contacts, he worried that equally
thick contact lenses would make him look like a bug-eyed space alien.
A.
B.

13.

comma splice
fused sentence

Josie, Don's Cairn terrier, will bark at anything that moves, squirrels, wind blown leaves,
passing cars, and her own shadow will start her yapping.
A.
B.

12.

comma splice
fused sentence

At the campus coffee cart, Gini makes the best drinks her sweet cream latte, a blend of
vanilla ice cream and espresso, will put on the pounds, but its cool, smooth taste is worth a
trip to the gym.
A.
B.

11.

comma splice
fused sentence

comma splice
fused sentence

Sima was so sleepy after her marathon studying session for calculus that she ordered a triple
espresso before going to class once the caffeine kicked in, Sima knew that she wouldn't doze
off on Dr. Ribley.
A.
B.

comma splice
fused sentence

17.

Rachel painstakingly ironed her linen shirt all the while, she was thinking how pointless this
chore was since linen begins to wrinkle the moment after the last button is fastened.
A.
B.

18.

Jeremiah likes to put peanut butter on his pancakes instead of syrup, the smell is appealing,
but I wouldn't want to eat anything so sticky that early in the morning.
A.
B.

19.

comma splice
fused sentence

Clarence couldn't believe that the hardware store was selling garden rakes for only $1.99
each when he brought home twenty of them, his wife Marie just shook her head and
squeezed them into a garage stuffed full of her husband's other "good buys."
A.
B.

20.

comma splice
fused sentence

comma splice
fused sentence

Orange juice, toast, and cereal might be a healthy breakfast, but Ricardo always hits the
snooze button on his alarm too many times all he can grab is a stale pastry and soda.
A.
B.

comma splice
fused sentence

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Comma Splices and Fused Sentences Exercise 2


This handout accompanies Exercise 2 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Each sentence below contains three underlined parts, one of which is either a comma
splice or fused sentence. You need to find and fix the problem.
1.

Hoping to relax after a busy week at work and school, Cheryl smoothed on some sunscreen,
settled onto her pool raft, and opened her new Stephen King novel, then her neighbor
cranked up the lawnmower, ruining the quiet.

2.

Derek wanted a ferocious pit bull terrier to scare off burglars, but his apartment complex did
not allow dogs as a result, Derek had to settle for naming his goldfish Mr. Jaws and
installing additional door locks.

3.

Sylvia carefully ironed her one good suit to wear to the bank interview the next day all the
while, Buster, her hairy white cat, waited for her to lay the dark gray skirt on the bed so that
he would have a warm spot to nap.

4.

Chet decided to get a huge Chinese dragon tattooed across his shoulder blades once the
stabbing needle pierced his skin, however, Chet quickly changed his mind, opting to pierce
an ear instead.

5.

Struggling to capture the nude model on paper, Sima whined that she didn't have the right
pencil at the same time, she realized that this complaint was the same as saying that she
couldn't sink a basketball because she didn't have expensive athletic shoes.

6.

Hunched over the keyboard for hours, Charlie used two fingers to hunt and peck out the
2,000-word research paper when lightning caused his computer to crash, Charlie wept
more tears than the thunderclouds spilled rain.

7.

After listening for weeks to her boyfriend Steve bragging about his mother's chili, Amy
anticipated the first delicious spoonful, the hair floating among the beef and beans,
however, killed her appetite.

8.

When Javier was supposed to be in trigonometry, he was instead flirting with pretty girls in
the cafeteria needless to say, he was inadequately prepared to make the 98 that he needed
on the final exam to pass the course.

9.

Julina knew that she would never again agree to go out to dinner with James, he expected
her to buy her own meal, tip the waitress, and chip in for gas.

10.

At a garage sale, Clarence bought four gallons of exterior latex for only ten dollars then,
when his neighbors saw the nuclear pink, they collected 120 dollars to buy four gallons of
primer and four gallons of forest green paint.

11.

When Millie overheard Coach Jones complain that women didn't belong on a basketball
court, she became so angry that she picked up a tennis racket and whacked him over the
head, the assault and battery charge, in Millie's opinion, was worth it.

12.

Given 1,000 dollars as a graduation gift, Kris wavered between putting the money toward a
new computer or going to Germany to visit his sister, finally Fruleins and beer won out
over modems and megabytes.

13.

When Simone and her husband discovered sixteen jars full of insects in their daughter's
room, they decided to get Maria a dog, tolerating one four-legged animal seemed better
than having fifty six-legged pets in the house.

14.

Syed finally decided to clean out his disorganized book bag, old US Government handouts,
math notes from Intermediate Algebra, leaky ballpoint pens, and a smashed banana littered
the inside.

15.

With sharp scissors, Thinh tried to even her client's hair, but the woman kept twisting in her
seat to yell at her two small children who were terrorizing the salon, Thinh finally decided
that crooked ends were better than poking out a client's eye.

16.

Everyone always invites Marc to the movies, his jeans are so oversized that he can sneak in
two two-liter bottles of soda, which he straps to his thighs, saving his friends from the
outrageous drink prices at the theater.

17.

When Minori left Japan to study in the United States, she thought that she would miss her
mother's delicious home cooking, however, after her first taste of a bacon cheeseburger,
she didn't care if she ever returned to Japan.

18.

The computer began to wail like an ambulance, startling poor Robert, who only wanted to
retrieve his paper, unfortunately, a virus had immobilized the hard drive.

19.

Jenny noticed a greasy snail-like trail that snaked from the kitchen counter, onto the floor, and
then over to the hallway, June, Jenny's cat, had stolen another stick of butter and tried to
drag it to the laundry room.

20.

After a successful interview at a bookstore, Julio patiently waited by the phone, hoping to
hear that he had gotten a summer job, every call, though, was a twelve-year-old boy calling
for Rosita, Julio's younger sister.

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date
Co

Comma Splices and Fused Sentences Exercise 3


This handout accompanies Exercise 3 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Each sentence below contains three underlined parts, one of which is either a comma
splice or fused sentence. You need to find and fix the problem.
1.

If Chris hopes to survive in his 8 a.m. English class, he needs to discover caffeine even
when he has a test, his head hits the desk by 8:05, and snores soon escape his mouth.

2.

Although you might not believe it, Antonio actually benefits from his chicken scratch
handwriting because no one can read it, Antonio doesn't have to worry about using the
right word or the correct spelling.

3.

If you offer Valerie a piece of watermelon, she will refuse it, the slices look like the wicked
smile of a circus clown who once scared her as a child during a trip to the big top.

4.

During the summer when a variety of fruit is in season, Melville always avoids the fresh
peaches, the fuzzy skin brushing against his lips makes Melville think that he's eating a
small rodent.

5.

Jean always nibbles around the pit of a cherry, just as if she were eating a peach, because
she is vain about her smile, she doesn't want to chip a tooth on the hard center.

6.

Because Simon thinks that he has big, ugly toes, he insists on wearing socks everywhere
that he goes at the beach, in the shower, or around the house, you will find Simon with
socks on his feet.

7.

Sick with the flu, Howard craved a big hot bowl of his grandmother's chicken soup, but in
the refrigerator, Howard had only a jar of olives and a carton of milk, cream of olive soup,
Howard decided, would only worsen how he felt.

8.

To gain attention, Christie has pierced each of her ears eight times on breezy days, people
hear the tinkling sounds of Christie's unique wind chimes as the jewelry blows in the wind.

9.

Since he was sound asleep on the library sofa, William was oblivious to his twenty-eight
algebra classmates, who were sweating, sighing, and wracking their brains as they tried to
ace their final exam, poor William was quietly earning a zero.

10.

Sparkling with jewelry conned from ex-boyfriends, Sylvia keeps an eye out for new victims
with fat wallets, she still needs a pair of diamond earrings to complement a necklace that
she managed to coerce Ricardo into buying.

11.

As her teachers had recommended, Madison tried to study in the library but discovered
that the good music, unlimited soda, and big tables at the campus caf made a great place to
do homework during fall semester, Madison must have eaten 150 pizza slices while she
slogged through Fundamentals of Biology.

12.

Davina, a good friend in my biology class, has more interest in what is under a guy's skin
than what's under his clothes, for this reason, she is pursuing a degree in radiography.

13.

Jackie always made it a point to sit in the front row because she liked to focus on the lecture
and take good notes, the excessive spitting of her Latin professor, however, drove her to
the back of the room.

14.

Latoya tried to concentrate on Dr. Lemon's dull art history lecture, but the darkened
classroom and endless slide show soon had her dozing in her seat, Latoya knew that
Beverly would poke her with a pencil if Dr. Lemon bothered to glance their way.

15.

Todd is an amazing cook, he can look into a nearly empty refrigerator and put together an
interesting dinner; yesterday, for example, he made a sliced pickle and mayonnaise
sandwich, using an old blueberry muffin as bread.

16.

Watching the Home Shopping Network late one evening, Clarence saw handheld televisions
advertised for only $49.99, so he bought ten of them, in his lifetime, Clarence was certain
that he would need them all.

17.

When Robert is riding his Honda motorcycle, he drives recklessly, weaving dangerously
through rush hour traffic, Robert doesn't care that he might leave a kneecap or chunk of thigh
speared on a car bumper.

18.

During the fall semester, parking on campus is very difficult, students circle the lots like
vultures, waiting for an empty space, and most students soon realize that taking a 7 a.m.
class, despite the effort it takes to get up that early, at least cures their parking woes.

19.

Jacques, a self-taught computer whiz, always hates going to his Introduction to


Microcomputers class the reason is that both his textbook and professor are at least a year
behind when they discuss software or internal components.

20.

Belinda hates her psychology class, although her professor is an interesting lecturer, the
auditorium is right next to the copy center, and the whump, whump, whump of the machines
always makes Belinda drowsy.

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Comma Splices and Fused Sentences Exercise 4


This handout accompanies Exercise 4 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Choose the correct way to fix the underlined problem in each sentence.
1.

Lorna did not last long in Mr. Wolcott's busy office, her long fingernails made accurate typing
impossible, and her abrasive manner scared away too many potential clients.
A.
B.
C.

2.

Bo was craving a cold slice of watermelon, but he had money only for hotdogs and buns, Bo
was pretty sure that sticking the huge fruit under his shirt and pretending that he was
pregnant wouldn't fool the cashiers.
A.
B.
C.

3.

clock there
clock; there
clock, so there

My cat Buster is always tipping over the garbage can then he searches through the trash for
milk jug caps, which he bats around the floor, the cat version of playing ice hockey.
A.
B.
C.

5.

buns Bo
buns. Bo
buns, but Bo

Fighting the urge to crawl under her desk, Adriana looked at the clock, there was still a half
hour left of class, more than enough time to do her poorly prepared, ten-minute speech.
A.
B.
C.

4.

office her
office, because her
office. Her

can, then
can, but then
can, and then

Susan ducked down when she saw Mr. Hayden, her English teacher, walk into Titos Taco
Palace, unfortunately, a burrito wasn't big enough to hide behind, so poor Susan had to
explain why she had missed his class again.
A.
B.
C.

Palace unfortunately
Palace; Unfortunately
Palace. Unfortunately

6.

Mark searched the nearly empty refrigerator for a midnight snack his only choices were
curdled milk, stale pizza, and grape jelly, any combination of which he couldn't stomach.
A.
B.
C.

7.

Sherian refuses to let her kids have a puppy, she is convinced that dogs are just big germs
and refuses to follow one around with a sponge and bottle of bleach.
A.
B.
C.

8.

pencil, finally she


pencil, as a result she
pencil; finally, she

Sighing heavily, Melody tried to summon the energy to get to her next class her heavy book
bag and the long walk, however, seemed impossible challenges.
A.
B.
C.

11.

began, when
began; When
began. When

Bored with the lecture on comma splices and fused sentences, Jayson started poking Kim
with the sharp tip of his pencil finally she whirled around and slugged him in the mouth.
A.
B.
C.

10.

puppy she
puppy, but she
puppy, for she

Running through the parking lot, Aisha hoped to get to her car before the rain began when
she found the doors locked and saw her keys lying on the front seat, she knew that she was
in for a soaking.
A.
B.
C.

9.

snack, his
snack, but his
snack, so his

class, her
class; her
class but her

Alphonso does not care as much about comfort as he does about style he will wear, for
example, a long sleeve shirt and a leather jacket in the middle of a Florida summer if they are
the perfect complement to his new pair of khakis.
A.
B.
C.

style, he
style, but he
style; he

12.

Tajuana is a very conscientious student when she makes a B, she is so upset that she lies
awake at night, staring at the ceiling and worrying about the effect this "bad" grade will have
on her GPA.
A.
B.
C.

13.

Wally did not want to do anything to ruin his new pair of athletic shoes, he always stayed on
the sidewalks, sidestepped puddles, and made several trips a day to the bathroom to dust the
sneakers with toilet paper.
A.
B.
C.

14.

class under
class, and under
class, therefore under

Tracy always knows the right answer in English class but is too shy to volunteer whenever
Miss Simmons asks a question, Tracy's hand feels as if it weighs 1,000 pounds.
A.
B.
C.

17.

loudly she
loudly; she
loudly, so she

For two weeks, Todd refused to go to his accounting class because Professor Gastineau
would not allow students to wear hats in class, under no circumstance would Todd allow
anyone to see the butcher job his stylist had done to his hair.
A.
B.
C.

16.

shoes he
shoes, but he
shoes, so he

Poor Paola listened to her stomach rumbling loudly, she would have to wait twenty more
minutes before she could dash to the cafeteria for a quick donut and soda.
A.
B.
C.

15.

student, when
student. When
student, therefore when

volunteer, whenever
volunteer, therefore whenever
volunteer; whenever

Slouched in his seat, Michael tried to pay attention to the grammar lecture the only problem
was that NBA statistics and images of pretty women in tight miniskirts were more interesting
than subordinate clauses and participle phrases.
A.
B.
C.

lecture, the
lecture, however the
lecture. The

18.

Nathalia likes to get good grades but hates when her friends call her a nerd, sometimes
Nathalia will claim that she got a 77 on a test when, in reality, she earned a 97.
A.
B.
C.

19.

Neil's day revolves around sugar, he anticipates the pastry he will choose for breakfast, the
candy bar he will eat for lunch, and the ice cream he will have as dinner.
A.
B.
C.

20.

nerd sometimes
nerd, so sometimes
nerd, but sometimes

sugar he
sugar, for he
sugar, but he

Carla has difficulties getting to her 8 a.m. English class on time, she always watches too
many late night movies and then hits the snooze button on her alarm once too often.
A.
B.
C.

time she
time, because she
time, for she

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Comma Splices and Fused Sentences Exercise 5


This handout accompanies Exercise 5 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Choose the correct way to fix the underlined problem in each sentence.
1.

Gustavo can tolerate any lecture, no matter how boring the instructor is, in his mind, Gustavo
imagines that he is on board the starship Enterprise, blasting Romulans from his post on the
bridge.
A.
B.
C.

2.

Sylvia shivered in her silk shirt, the difference in temperature between the hot road and the
cold library was extreme.
A.
B.
C.

3.

ahead he
ahead but he
ahead. He

The grip of the pantyhose, the stranglehold of the scarf, and the bite of the tight shoes made
Rachel want the interview to end, she longed for a cotton T-shirt and jeans.
A.
B.
C.

5.

shirt the
shirt, for the
shirt, because the

Many road signs warned Tommy of the construction work ahead, he didn't realize that his
lane was closed, though, until he mowed down a traffic barricade with the front of his car.
A.
B.
C.

4.

is in
is; In
is; in

end she
end; however, she
end. She

Ryan is highly allergic to cats, he requires at least twenty god-bless-yous every time he visits
Mariko and her seven Siamese.
A.
B.
C.

cats he
cats, so he
cats, as a result, he

6.

Mrs. Britton was grading papers at her desk, her students were slaving over their in-class
compositions, sighing heavily and flipping through their dictionaries for the correct spellings of
words.
A.
B.
C.

7.

Ingie looked at his wife's collection of cookbooks and sighed, although there were
thousands of recipes for delicious meals, he knew Valerie would want to order another
pepperoni and mushroom pizza for dinner.
A.
B.
C.

8.

kitchen she
kitchen, so she
kitchen, consequently; she

Several students sat sneezing and sniffling in their seats, Jason always wore too much
cologne, and allergic reactions kicked into high gear as the odor wafted through the
classroom.
A.
B.
C.

11.

habits, when
habits, but when
habits; when

While flirting on the phone with the satellite dish salesman, Rose forgot about the omelet
cooking in the kitchen, she did not expect the stovetop fire that filled the house with smoke.
A.
B.
C.

10.

sighed although
sighed. Although
sighed; Although

Mike has terrible eating habits when he opened his lunch bag, we saw a bag of potato chips,
two candy bars, cellophane-wrapped cupcakes, and a carton of chocolate milk.
A.
B.
C.

9.

desk her
desk while her
desk, moreover, her

seats Jason
seats, and Jason
seats. Jason

Sandra spent every dime on her vacation to Cancun, Mexico, where she went shopping,
dancing, swimming, and sightseeing, she doesn't care that her rent will be late and that she
will have to eat macaroni and cheese for a week.
A.
B.
C.

sightseeing she
sightseeing, nevertheless, she
sightseeing; she

12.

The terrified passengers aboard the 747 gripped their armrests as the jet bucked in a bad
stretch of turbulence after a ride like this one, everyone knew that five minutes on Disney's
Space Mountain would feel like relaxing in a rocking chair.
A.
B.
C.

13.

Richard squeezed, thumped, and shook the empty shampoo bottle, hoping for a few drops to
wash his dirty hair, since the bottle was completely empty, Richard worked up a lather with a
few sprinkles of bathroom cleanser instead.
A.
B.
C.

14.

dry, when
dry; when
dry, as a result, when

As Irene scooped stuffing out of the Thanksgiving turkey, she saw gold glinting from the
breadcrumbs, finally, she had found her earring, which she had lost early that morning.
A.
B.
C.

17.

street she
street, because she
street, for she

Fred blew and blew on the globs of liquid white-out, but they refused to dry when the
professor called time, Fred closed the cover of his exam book and hoped the pages wouldn't
cement together.
A.
B.
C.

16.

hair since
hair; since
hair, consequently, since

After the thunderstorm, Teresa splashed through the puddles left on the street, she enjoyed
feeling the cool rainwater on her hot feet.
A.
B.
C.

15.

turbulence, after
turbulence; After
turbulence. After

breadcrumbs finally
breadcrumbs, finally at last
breadcrumbs; finally

No foot powder, no shoe insert, no expensive soap can kill the odor of Bartholomew's feet,
when he takes off his shoes, even the goldfish gag.
A.
B.
C.

feet when
feet. When
feet, thus when

18.

Ursula clutched her head, trying to remember the correct formula to solve the statistics
problem, the only thing she could focus on, however, was the stupid fight she had in the car
with her boyfriend, Mac.
A.
B.
C.

19.

Quang wants a degree in business administration, he fantasizes about yelling at future


employees who are too afraid of losing their jobs to talk back.
A.
B.
C.

20.

problem the
problem, consequently, the
problem; the

administration he
administration, because he
administration since he

In Dr. Ribley's calculus class, Yi-Ping tapes every lecture and carefully rewrites her notes,
she is planning to sell these guides to desperate freshmen next semester.
A.
B.
C.

notes she
notes, because she
notes, for she

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Commas Exercise 1
This handout accompanies Exercise 1 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Choose the option that will fix the comma error.
1.

During lunch, at the campus cafeteria, Mildred noticed the dirty tables, the overworked
cashiers, and the exorbitant price for a watery soda.
A.
B.

2.

Melissa couldnt study for her comma quiz, because she was joy riding on the Enterprise with
Mr. Spock, whom the US Air Force chased with its fastest jets.
A.
B.

3.

Should you remove the comma after midterm?


Or should you add a comma after coffee?

"Don't eat that pizza," warned Lisa. "It's over two weeks old ", she then explained.
A.
B.

7.

Should you remove the comma after atrium?


Or should you remove the comma after suddenly?

To study for his calculus midterm, Brian drank seven cups of strong Turkish coffee which
kept him wide awake for the all-nighter.
A.
B.

6.

Should you add a comma after slimy?


Or should you add a comma after burrito?

Sitting in the atrium, Marcus chatted pleasantly with a pretty student from his chemistry
class, but then he had to leave suddenly, because he noticed that he had only thirty seconds
to get to Professor Spottkes English class on time.
A.
B.

5.

Should you remove the comma after quiz?


Or should you remove the comma after Mr. Spock?

The slimy smelly lettuce on my burrito made me ask the manager to return my 99 cents.
A.
B.

4.

Should you remove the comma after lunch?


Or should you remove the comma after cashiers?

Should the comma after pizza follow the quotation marks?


Or should the comma after old precede the quotation marks?

Fifteen uncooked popcorn kernels, and a few grains of salt littered the front of Robert's shirt
as he slouched in the theater seat.
A.
B.

Should you add a comma after fifteen?


Or should you remove the comma after kernels?

8.

Swinging at the fast ball, Bobbie heard, the satisfying crack of the home run that he had just
hit.
A.
B.

9.

Karen wasn't sure if she needed a comma or not so she drew in a smudge that could pass
for a comma or a stray pen mark.
A.
B.

10.

Should you remove the comma after find?


Or should you remove the comma after psychology?

Oreo, a "barkless" basenji will scream like a human child if we don't feed her pizza crust
quickly enough.
A.
B.

16.

Should you add a comma after lottery?


Or should you add a comma after worth?

Thumbing through the s section of the dictionary, Harold tried to find, the correct spelling of
psychology, but the word eluded him despite his careful search.
A.
B.

15.

Should you add a comma after look?


Or should you remove the comma after Mrs. Clemmons?

Winning the lottery would create more headaches than the money is worth but Fred still
buys a ticket every week.
A.
B.

14.

Should you add a comma after however?


Or should you add a comma after counter?

"Don't give me that look Marlin," warned Mrs. Clemmons, who held his paycheck in her
hand.
A.
B.

13.

Should you remove the comma after dictionary?


Or should you add a comma after errors?

Last weekend, Brenda had time to wash clothes. The dishes, however were piled all over the
kitchen counter and in the sink.
A.
B.

12.

Should you add a comma after not?


Or should you use a comma after comma?

Maricarmen bought a new dictionary, so that she could proofread for spelling errors on her
next in-class essay.
A.
B.

11.

Should you remove the comma after ball?


Or should you remove the comma after heard?

Should you add a comma after basenji?


Or should you add a comma after child?

Coffee brewed on the counter top and bacon fried on the stove. Snuggling under the covers
for a few more moments of sleep, Clyde relished his first Saturday free from work.
A.
B.

Should you add a comma after top?


Or should you remove the comma after sleep?

17.

At the bakery where she worked, Denise happily took one order after another, enjoying the
fast pace of Sunday afternoon. Orville, on the other hand had a killer headache from the
constant noise and flood of hungry customers.
A.
B.

18.

Christine removed her glasses, so that the world would dissolve into a blur. If she couldn't
see the mound of homework before her, she could pretend that it didn't exist.
A.
B.

19.

Should you remove the comma after glasses?


Or should you remove the comma after her?

David looked in his cereal bowl and gasped in surprise. When his mother came running from
the kitchen, David explained "Something just dove under the flakes!"
A.
B.

20.

Should you remove the comma after another?


Or should you add a comma after hand?

Should you remove the comma after kitchen?


Or should you add a comma after explained?

Deepa slaved over her essay so she expected a good grade when Ms. Richards returned the
papers. The A on the last page confirmed for Deepa that hard work does pay off.
A.
B.

Should you put a comma after essay?


Or should you put a comma after page?

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Commas Exercise 2
This handout accompanies Exercise 2 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Choose the option that corrects an error in the underlined portion(s). If no error exists,
choose No change is necessary.
1.

In the crevices between the bathroom tiles, mold sprouts as opportunistically as


A
B
weeds do in the cracks, of sidewalks.
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

2.

Diane couldnt concentrate on General Hospital, because Santana, her beagle who had
A
B
been cooped up in the house all day, wanted to take a long walk around the lake.
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

3.

General Hospital because


Santana her
day wanted
No change is necessary.

The blue, creamy frosting from the cupcake hung like a stalactite at the tip of poor Georges
A
B
nose, causing Michelle to giggle uncontrollably.
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

4.

crevices, between
tiles mold
cracks of
No change is necessary.

blue creamy
hung, like
nose causing
No change is necessary.

Anthony wanted fried chicken for lunch, but the cafeteria offered only greenish
A
meatballs with overcooked noodles, and crispy meatloaf with lumpy mashed potatoes.
B
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

lunch but
meatballs, with
noodles and
No change is necessary.

5.

To clean up the kitchen more quickly, Maria let Romeo, the familys German
A
shepherd prewash the dishes with his fat, pink tongue.
B
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

6.

Dont let the cat out, warned my roommate Beatrice. Yesterday, he brought home
A
another dead squirrel, she then explained to me.
B
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

7.

driveway, and
house, on
deserted, but
No change is necessary.

Swimming in cloudy water, the goldfish peered through the dirty, aquarium glass, hoping
A
B
that today Fred would remember to sprinkle some food into the tank.
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

9.

out, warned
squirrel, she
explained, to
No change is necessary.

An unswept driveway and overgrown lawn make the house on the corner look
A
B
deserted but the truth is that the family living there loathes yard work.
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

8.

quickly Maria
shepherd, prewash
fat pink
No change is necessary.

water the
dirty aquarium
remember, to
No change is necessary.

Simon needed a dollar for a soda but discovered that his wallet was empty, so he gave the
A
B
machine a hard kick, hoping to dislodge a bottle for free.
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

Pepsi, but
empty so
bottle, for
No change is necessary.

10.

Rhonda remembered to grab a jacket before she left the house, so that she wouldnt freeze
A
B
for fifty minutes in College Algebra.
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

11.

Five, steaming bowls of squid eyeball stew sat on the buffet table. Cassandra didnt want
A
to be a pig, but the smell was so appetizing that she took two just for herself.
B
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

12.

out whispered
Tamara, making
word, she
No change is necessary.

Dr. Grayson, who enjoys belittling students pointed a long, bony finger at Charlotte and
A
B
began to explain why Charlottes comment about the French Revolution was hopelessly and
C
completely wrong.
A.
B.
C.
D.

14.

Five steaming
pig but
appetizing, that
No change is necessary.

Take that comma out, whispered Crystal, who saw Tamara making a mistake on the quiz.
A
B
You need to put it after the next word she then advised.
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

13.

remembered, to
house so
minutes, in
No change is necessary.

students, pointed
long bony
hopelessly, and
No change is necessary.

Larrys crumpled smelly laundry piled on the chair caused his neat-freak sister
A
B
Samantha so much frustration that she washed the clothes for her lazy brother.
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

crumpled, smelly
chair, caused
frustration, that
No change is necessary.

15.

After I saw a cockroach peeking out of my burrito, one restaurant that I no longer
A
B
recommend is Titos Taco Palace, on West Summerland.
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

16.

Ricky stuffed his wad of money in a sock hidden in the hamper, so that Mark, his
A
B
freeloading roommate, wouldnt start begging for a loan.
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

17.

cushions and
toys and
Oreo and
No change is necessary.

Sweetheart, you better get your girlfriend a better Valentines gift than that cheap box of
A
chocolates, warned Mrs. Smith, Clarences mother.
B
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

19.

sock, hidden
hamper so
roommate wouldnt
No change is necessary.

Hair clung to all the seat cushions, and dog snot smeared the glass of the living room
A
windows. Bones, stuffed toys, and tennis balls littered the floor. Exhausted from their day
B
of play, Oreo, and Skeeter slept soundly on the loveseat, waiting for their owners to return.
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

18.

cockroach, peeking
restaurant, that
Palace on
No change is necessary.

Sweetheart you
chocolates", warned
Smith Clarences
No change is necessary.

Louisa had to go food shopping for her cat had nothing to eat except the expensive canned
A
B
tuna that Louisa didnt want to waste on a pet.
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

shopping, for
eat, except
tuna, that
No change is necessary.

20.

When Sam saw the zero at the top of his comma quiz, he scratched his head in
A
puzzlement, because he had studied for hours. Then he realized the problemhe had
B
forgotten to use pencil to mark the bubble sheet!
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

quiz he
puzzlement because
pencil, to
No change is necessary.

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Commas Exercise 3
This handout accompanies Exercise 3 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Read the items below. If you believe a comma belongs in a box, then add a comma. If
you believe no punctuation is necessary, put an X in the box.

1.

"Don't worry honey said Mom. "If Rocky doesn't come home we'll go to the
humane society and pick out another cat."

2.

If you need a memo typed in a hurry you should take it to Sharon who has the fastest
fingers of anyone in the office.

3.

After catching enough trout for both dinner and breakfast we let Bobby scale and
gut the fish because he doesn't mind the dirty job.

4.

The difficult calculus problems made Setha's head hurt so badly that the aspirin
she took did little to relieve the throbbing.

5.

Desperate for a snack to take to school Willie put a ripe mushy banana in his book
bag but soon discovered that it soaked his dictionary with sweet-smelling slime.

6.

Sophia a conscientious student spent two hours every day studying for the algebra
midterm. Marvin on the other hand wrote all of the important formulae on his thigh
before the exam.

7.

Arden wanted to give his old crutches to Kathy who had sprained an ankle after a
misstep on the stairs but his wife was using them to stake tomatoes in the garden.

8.

The fire alarm began to whine startling everyone in the room but Mr. Chambless
continued to lecture about economic theory ignoring the possibility that flames might
be licking the hallway walls.

9.

Even though Cornelius had spent the entire evening practicing his speech in front of a
mirror he had less confidence than Beatrice whose theater experience prepared her
for performing in front of an audience.

10.

After the ride on the fast terrifying roller coaster Deirdre decided to avoid eating any
other heavy greasy foods at the fair.

11.

Valerie spent hours vacuuming and dusting the interior of her new car. All the while she
knew the chores were useless since Toby her big and hairy mutt insisted on riding
everywhere with her.

12.

Sitting at the sticky crumb-covered cafeteria table Luther and Ruth carefully studied
their chemistry notes so that Dr. Wilson's next tricky test wouldn't confuse them.

13.

Starving after three hours of basketball practice Julius went straight to his sister's
bathroom for he knew Annette kept a bag of corn chips hidden behind the toilet paper
underneath the sink.

14.

Unable to sleep in the hot room Robert grabbed his pillow and blanket went
outside and stretched out on a lawn chair to enjoy the evening breeze.

15.

Allowing even a small dog to sleep on the bed can cause problems for in the night the
animal will slowly uncurl and steal more than its fair share of pillows blanket and
mattress.

16.

Tasting the air with its tongue the snake lay on the warm concrete enjoying the
mild spring day and meaning no one any harm.

17.

Diane promised herself that she would eat only three caramel candies but her fingers
kept digging into the bag pulling out another treat unwrapping the cellophane and
popping the chewy square into her mouth.

18.

Stacked on the desk huge piles of books and printed web pages lay ignored by
Josephine who should have turned in her research paper two days ago.

19.

Because Shawn is so tall he must keep the driver's seat almost fully reclined so that his
head doesn't bump the roof of his small car. When he can afford it he plans to buy a
convertible so that he doesn't have to worry about a roof at all.

20.

Despite three cups of coffee Danny could not keep his eyes open for another one of Dr.
O'Sullivan's long dreary lectures on Egyptian pharaohs. So he doodled in his notebook
wishing that he had chosen a different class to satisfy his history requirement.

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Commas Exercise 4
This handout accompanies Exercise 4 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Read the sentences below. If you believe a comma belongs in a box, then add a
comma. If you believe no punctuation is necessary, put an X in the box.

1.

Chad hopes to play professional football in the future so he regularly works out at the
gym where he lifts weights, runs laps, drinks vitamin-enriched smoothies and ogles pretty
girls as he gets strong and fast for tryouts.

2.

"Quickly Annabelle put your notes away warned Ms. Simmons as she passed out
the quiz. Annabelle did as she was asked for she had all of the comma rules written on her
wrists.

3.

On the way to American Lit Drew saw Marc the most handsome man in calculus so
she risked missing the lecture to chat with him in the cafeteria.

4.

Whenever Maria needs to study she sits in the garage. She cannot study in the house
because her children watch television with the volume on high. In addition the phone rings
constantly with new juicy gossip from her sisters.

5.

"Well done " said Professor Bekas who had just finished grading Samilia's comma
quiz. With the extra credit points that Samilia had earned in class she scored a 117.

6.

Perched on the seats like human passengers seven fat sheep accompanied a farmer to
market. Joe sitting across the aisle wished that he had biked to downtown Manila
instead of riding the overcrowded smelly bus.

7.

To get an A on his biology quiz Francisco drew and labeled frog parts on his wrist
so that he could surreptitiously check his answers when Dr. Keiper wasn't looking.

8.

Because Sarah has chemistry at the other end of campus she must run to her 10 a.m.
class ignoring all of her friends who try to greet her on the way.

9.

My friend Harry who lives alone only goes food shopping if a hurricane is about to hit
the area or if he's down to using dish soap as shampoo.

10.

Whenever Maria is housecleaning she tunes the radio to her favorite salsa station
sings and dances while she dusts and vacuums.

11.

Laverne knows that she is in big trouble because she has turned in neither of her
essays for Mr. Beane who has no patience for late work excuses or apologies.

12.

To get on Mrs. Markham's good side Jason brought his teacher her favorite dish
delicious chocolate-broccoli muffins with green cream cheese frosting.

13.

On a dare Michael spent the night in the Finklestein's abandoned house which has
inspired stories of ghosts who will suck out a persons eyes and eat them like grapes.

14.

Oreo my black and white basenji puppy loves to chase the cat around the house
and lick dry the legs of anyone stepping out of the shower.

15.

Because Gloria is such a picky housekeeper she inspects any dishwashing that her
roommate Delores does checking, for example that all the lipstick has been removed
from the rims of cups and glasses.

16.

Ignoring his burning tongue and fingers Frankie sipped the steaming sugar-loaded
coffee as he tried to warm up after four hours of snow skiing in subzero weather.

17.

Dustin loves internet auctions so he spends hours on eBay where he bids on comic
books antique milk bottles and unicorn figurines to add to his collections.

18.

Lying on the coffee table were Casey's school books the ones he needed to complete his
homework. Unfortunately the TV remote also lay beside them so Casey spent the
evening channel surfing instead of preparing for his Tuesday classes.

19.

Nancy discarded one dress after another as she prepared for her first date with Ray.
Across town Ray threw on a wrinkled dirty T-shirt and old jeans completely
unconcerned about the first impression he would make.

20.

Baking in the hot sun Rachel swatted biting mosquitoes wiped sweat from her face
and rubbed her sore arms as she cleared the overgrown thorny bushes along the fence
line.

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Commas Exercise 5
This handout accompanies Exercise 5 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the
interactive version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Put the parts of the sentence in order. You must use all words and punctuation
marks. Write your answer on the lines provided.

1.

Tom wont eat in the cafeteria

baked under the cheese of his pizza

because he found a cockroach

2.

"

Take out the trash

before the dog gets in it

"

Mom ordered

3.

that the roof doesnt blow off

Tina sits on the sofa

when a thunderstorm is crashing overhead

and hopes

4.

loves

and

shredding magazines

Joe

6.

my friend Maggie

out of your nose

get those straws

has decided to sell her stove to buy textbooks

who microwaves all her meals

7.

unfortunately

chewing on sofa arms

5.

my dog Oreo

with her boyfriend Ernest

a nose picker

Shaccara went to Red Lobster

and his little sister

8.

but found Marios car already parked in the driveway

9.

to beg forgiveness

Alex drove to his girlfriend Nadias house

Elliot decided to eat at Titos Taco Palace


of his roommates awful tuna casserole

10.

as her cat purred on her lap

searching for money

so that he could avoid another evening

Olivia enjoyed an hour of television

sipping hot tea

11.

from Jerrid

who loved to stomp the poor reptiles flat

scampering off the hot sidewalk

the lizards found safety

12.

for she had once broken a leg


to get out of the tree

in a fall from that very same oak

Beverly warned her brother Tim

began meowing like a mother cat

13.

and

Maurice

opened a can of tuna fish

to entice the kitten off the roof

14.
that she was making on Justin
slurping spaghetti noisily

15.

Melissa did not realize the poor impression

her date

to get an extension on his research essay

his instructor

Dante brought brownies to Mrs. Mauzy

who loved any combination of chocolate and nuts

16.

that was holding one ear piece in place

so that Michael would notice her beautiful eyes instead of the tape

17.

Barry

18.

spider webs snatched at her hair

please

try to sit still

while I trim your bangs

and

as Karen searched the abandoned house

19.

bought a can of tuna fish

before flashing a smile

for empty bottles

insects scurried from her path

distracted as usual

forgot the mayonnaise jar was empty

Tiffany took off her glasses

Judith

but

20.

scanning his inbox


his girlfriend

Gloria

Harold hoped to find an email from

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Fragments Exercise 1
This handout accompanies Exercise 1 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Read each short passage that follows. Determine which part is the fragment
1.

Maria wasn't watching her plate of barbecue very carefully.

snatched a chicken leg hanging over the edge.

So Santana, the family beagle,

As baked beans and potato salad slid onto

Maria's new sandals.


2.

Ever since Andre peeked at Melissa's paper during the biology exam.

him.

Guilt has consumed

Even the blueberries floating in his cereal bowl seem like the accusing eyes of Dr.

Gregory, his microbiology instructor.


3.

James opened the door of his cluttered refrigerator.

fall to the floor.


4.

Which caused a pint of blueberries to

The fruit bounced and rolled everywhere in an explosion of indigo.

Richie loves to walk his friends' dogs at Lake Eola Park.

retriever Murphy or Gary's bulldog Kembo.

For example, Kim's Labrador

Beautiful women, Richie has learned, gravitate

toward guys with cute dogs.


5.

Head down, Lela stared at the textbook on her desk.

that Mrs. Markham was going over in class.

She understood the fragment practice

But was too shy to raise her hand and volunteer

an answer.
6.

Joshua found the pressure from the gas in his stomach unbearable.

to be rude in the middle of geology class.


7.

Phillip left work early.

next day.

Although he didn't want

An explosive belch erupted from his mouth.

To memorize the vocabulary that his Spanish midterm would test the

But all that he could think about was Beatrice, the cute new sales associate who

worked in the camera department.


8.

Chewing the dry, tough, whole-grain bread bought from the health food store.

to enjoy her lunch.

Lorena tried

Fantasizing about a juicy cheeseburger on a soft white bun didn't improve

the taste of the soy product sandwiched between leaves of organic lettuce.

9.

My cat Fuzz loves to sleep in inconvenient places.

Where her long hair sticks to the mouse pad, covers the keyboard, and clings to the screen of

Lately she prefers the computer table.

the monitor.
10.

Rocking and thrashing like a wild horse that cowboys had lassoed.

about its overloaded tub.

The washer complained

At the other end of the laundromat, Bobby quietly read an old

magazine, pretending that it was not his machine.


11.

Day after day, thunderclouds rolled in during the early afternoon.

thrive from all of the water.

Making Madison's grass

Her neighbors, however, prayed for a sunny afternoon so that

Madison could finally mow the jungle that was the front yard.
12.

While cleaning under his bed, Glen heard the vacuum cleaner suck up something hard and

metallic.

Glen wanted to know what the object was.

But had no intention of digging through

a bag of dust, dead bugs, cat litter, and bathroom hair to find out.
13.

Farah woke Kirby, the family's ancient German shepherd.

the remote control.

To see if he had fallen asleep on

The growl that Kirby rumbled in protest convinced Farah to use the

channel buttons on the front of the television instead.


14.

Raja knew that his roommate Tina had cupcakes hidden in the apartment.

everywhere.

He looked

Including in the clothes hamper, on top of the bookcases, behind the sofa

even under his own bed!all to no avail.


15.

Peering around the other students in line, Sylvia tried to see the lunch choices.

cafeteria selections were disappointing.

The

For example, greasy fried chicken, soupy sweet-n-

sour pork, and a gray mystery meat floating in translucent, lumpy gravy.
16.

Struggling up three flights of stairs, her arms filled with the heavy texts for four classes, her

backpack loaded with notebooks and other supplies.

Jamala huffed and puffed.

Never

again would she register for all of her classes back-to-back on the same days of the week.
17.

As quietly as possible, Sherri tried to open the one-pound bag of candy on her lap.

the tough plastic split open.

Finally,

Causing an explosion of chocolate balls that bounced and rolled

down the aisles of Dr. Wilson's chemistry class.


18.

Each morning when Helene is fixing her hair in the bathroom.

products.

She applies many sticky hair

During a typical day, she catches more bugs in her coif than most spiders manage

to land in their webs in a week.

19.

Ralph spent all of his savings on a diamond ring to give to his girlfriend Melanie.

young woman who had a box full of expensive trinkets from ex-boyfriends.

A greedy

Melanie was

always looking for the man with the fattest wallet.


20.

Emily pounded on the bedroom door, demanding a little quiet so that she could study for her

physics midterm.

Her sister Amy ignored the request.

set that she bought at a garage sale.

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

And continued banging on the drum

Name

Date

Fragments Exercise 2
This handout accompanies Exercise 2 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Read each short passage that follows. Determine which part is the fragment.
1.

While Cynthia dressed for her sister's wedding, Murphy, the golden retriever, ate the straps

off the only shoes that matched Cynthia's pale blue dress.
C

inappropriate.

Her replacement options were

Like rubber flip-flops, running shoes, fuzzy pink rabbit slippers, or brown

leather pumps.
2.

When Will stepped out of the shower, he panicked.

was still in the washing machine.


3.

Realizing that all of his underwear

Damp jockey shorts were not a good way to start his day.

Joey idolizes his older brother David.

Combing his hair in the style that David wears,

drinking coffee black with five sugars, and giving teachers the same lame excuses for late
homework.
4.

As a consequence, everyone calls Joey David by mistake!

While thunder boomed in the distance, Margaret started off on her daily five-mile run.

Confident that she had plenty of time before the storm arrived.

Wet hair and clothes

plastered to her body proved that she couldn't outpace Mother Nature.
5.

Whenever Coach Moody sees behavior that she doesn't likeeither on or off the court.

The members of the girls' basketball team pay during the next practice.

When Frankie

was caught smooching her boyfriend Larry in the hallway, everyone had to run two extra
miles that afternoon.
6.

Making his anxious students relax would have required very little effort.

he walked into class or a "Good job" written at the bottom of an essay.

Like a smile when

Professor Marshall

refused to do more than scowl and read from his yellowed lecture notes.
7.

Marcus has no consideration for the ecosystem rich with life in his backyard.

cuts the lawn, he slows for nothing.

When he

As toads, lizards, and insects jump to the sanctuary of

bushes to avoid the deadly mower blades.


8.

Each morning, Darren adds guava juice, raw egg, protein powder, raisins, and sardines to a

blender.

After mixing these ingredients on high for a few seconds, he has breakfast.

drink that will give him plenty of energy and shiny hair.

9.

Horrified, Sherri stared at her reflection in the mirror.

Hair sticking out in seventeen

different directions, a spot of whipped cream on her chin, and a green pen mark across her
C

nose.
10.

Why hadn't her friends at the table mentioned her disarray?

Lying awake in the dark room, staring up at the shadows that danced across the ceiling.

Jason worried about the shuffling and thumps that he heard outside.

Raccoonsnot

hungry zombies with grabbing armswere prowling behind the house.


11.

Like amber honey, Helene's long hair dripped over her shoulders and spilled down her

back.
C

Styling products, moreover, made the tresses as sticky as pancake syrup.

Catching pieces of thread, feathers, dust, and even an occasional insect that buzzed too

close.
12.

While eating the plate of sesame chicken, Maria was thankful for her skill with chopsticks.

Eating utensils that required only one hand to use.

For Maria's left hand was pinned to the

booth by Hunter, her five-year-old son who lay sleeping after a long day of shopping at the
mall.
13.

To stay awake for a long evening of chemistry homework.

coffee.

Beth made a huge pot of

Unfortunately, her heart beat so fast and her legs jiggled so violently that the poor

girl couldn't concentrate.


14.

Diane picked at the slice of cheesecake with her car keys.

cream off his fingers.

While Nick sucked whipped

Horrified, Rachel watched her roommates decimate the dessert that

she had spent three hours preparing.


15.

Cringing with anxiety at the grade that she might find.

the essay.
16.

Nancy peeked at the last page of

The big red A sent waves of relief radiating through her body.

Jonathon often tries to shock his English teacher, Mrs. Mauzy, with weird paper topics.

Such as eating tarantulas or wearing women's underwear.

Mrs. Mauzy remains

nonplussed, scandalized only by the number of fragments in Jonathon's essays.


17.

To save enough money to pay tuition, Tanisha keeps a strict budget.

more than three dollars in her wallet.

She never carries

To avoid making impulse purchases like a pizza or

CD that will cause her to come up short when registration begins.


18.

To keep the cat from sleeping on her new convertible's canvas top.

garden hose out.

Kim leaves the

Like a gunslinger in a Western, she "duels" with Rocky, the family's

orange tom, who hisses as vehemently as the forceful spray of water.

19.

Dr. Gregory surveyed the auditorium full of nervous, sweating biochemistry students.

gaze often stopped on Bryan.

Her

Whose test anxiety manifested in the loud popping of his

knuckles and the high-speed bouncing of his left leg.


20.

To save money on a haircut that he badly needed.

aspiring stylist, trim his shaggy head.

Raja let Tina, his roommate and an

Honestly, a blender or a weed whacker could have

done a better job!

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Fragments Exercise 3
This handout accompanies Exercise 3 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Find and fix the fragments in the passage below.
1

Marina, the beautiful mermaid, wanted some tuna salad. 2But had a small problem since she

was allergic to celery. 3At Sammys Sub Shop, Marina hoped to find tuna salad free of this dangerous
vegetable. 4Flopping across the tiled floor to the counter. 5Marina placed her order and then
checked her sandwich for celery. 6Not noticing, however, the spoiled mayonnaise. 7At five o'clock
that evening, Marina became violently ill with food poisoning. 8When a lifeguard at the beach
discovered the problem, he called 911. 9Even though the mermaid had fishy breath.
paramedic gave her mouth-to-mouth resuscitation.
to the hospital.

A handsome

11

Wailing like a sick dog, the ambulance sped off

12

Where the doctor on call refused to treat a sea creature with a scaly tail.

nurse, however, had more sympathy.

14

After she found some Pepto-Bismol.

entire bottle of pink liquid, feeling an immediate improvement.


never to swim in the ocean.

13

A kind

15

Marina drank the

16

The mermaid told the rude doctor

17

For she would order hungry sharks to bite off the doctor's legs.

sharp-clawed crabs plucked out his eyes.


Pepto-Bismol.

10

19

18

While

Tossing her long hair, Marina thanked the nurse for the

20

And took a mint from David, the handsome paramedic.

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Fragments Exercise 4
This handout accompanies Exercise 4 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Choose the option that correctly identifies each word group.
1.

Assaulted with green peas catapulted across the table from her brother's spoon.
A.
B.
C.

2.

Because he refused to touch the serving of lima beans on his plate.


A.
B.
C.

3.

Afterthought fragment
Participle phrase fragment
Subordinate clause fragment

To enjoy the warm sunshine that he could see spilling through the blinds.
A.
B.
C.

7.

Participle phrase fragment


Lonely verb fragment
Subordinate clause fragment

Including the frying pan with encrusted egg and the greasy silverware full of fingerprints.
A.
B.
C.

6.

Lonely verb fragment


Subordinate clause fragment
Appositive fragment

But saw too late that the cream had expired three weeks ago.
A.
B.
C.

5.

Main clause
Subordinate clause fragment
Lonely verb fragment

The man whom Brenda refuses to marry even if someone paid her a million dollars.
A.
B.
C.

4.

Participle phrase fragment


Lonely verb fragment
Appositive fragment

Participle phrase fragment


Main clause
Infinitive phrase fragment

Kissing the wet frog in hopes of getting a cool prize.


A.
B.
C.

Afterthought fragment
Participle phrase fragment
Lonely verb fragment

8.

Such as stacks of tottering books, crumpled paper, empty soda cans, and greasy pizza
boxes.
A.
B.
C.

9.

Because Loraine had to clean up the kitchen mess left by her roommate Bob.
A.
B.
C.

10.

Participle phrase fragment


Lonely verb fragment
Appositive fragment

One day Andrew aspires to eat asparagus.


A.
B.
C.

16.

Subordinate clause fragment


Main clause
Appositive fragment

Hissing and spitting like an angry alligator caught by its tail.


A.
B.
C.

15.

Appositive fragment
Participle phrase fragment
Infinitive phrase fragment

The neighborhood cat whom even the biggest dogs fear.


A.
B.
C.

14.

Main clause
Participle phrase fragment
Subordinate clause fragment

To see her favorite part of the parade, the majorettes with their twirling batons.
A.
B.
C.

13.

Main clause
Lonely verb fragment
Appositive fragment

Roger regrets eating the mushy radishes.


A.
B.
C.

12.

Subordinate clause fragment


Main clause
Lonely verb fragment

And grabbed the last glazed doughnut while Frederick was pouring her a cup of coffee.
A.
B.
C.

11.

Lonely verb fragment


Subordinate clause fragment
Afterthought fragment

Main clause
Subordinate clause fragment
Lonely verb fragment

Scooting the dead cockroach under the refrigerator with the toe of his shoe.
A.
B.
C.

Lonely verb fragment


Participle phrase fragment
Subordinate clause fragment

17.

For example, sand-encrusted feet or a cold drink in a sweating bottle.


A.
B.
C.

18.

To reach the countertop where Sara had momentarily left the tuna salad.
A.
B.
C.

19.

Subordinate clause fragment


Lonely verb fragment
Infinitive phrase fragment

But found only a cookie bag full of crumbs and a tablespoon of milk.
A.
B.
C.

20.

Participle phrase fragment


Lonely verb fragment
Afterthought fragment

Main clause
Lonely verb fragment
Subordinate clause fragment

Whenever Rosita makes microwave popcorn.


A.
B.
C.

Subordinate clause fragment


Main clause
Lonely verb fragment

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Fragments Exercise 5
This handout accompanies Exercise 5 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Choose the option that fixes the fragment.
1.

2.

3.

Scooting the glass of iced tea closer to her plate. Brave Vanessa dipped the tortilla chip into
Pedro's infamous hot sauce.
A.

Scooting the glass of iced tea closer to her plate, brave Vanessa dipped the tortilla
chip into Pedro's infamous hot sauce.

B.

Scooting the glass of iced tea closer to her plate brave Vanessa dipped the tortilla
chip into Pedro's infamous hot sauce.

C.

Brave Vanessa dipped the tortilla chip into Pedro's infamous hot sauce scooting the
glass of iced tea closer to her plate.

As he scrubbed the tile grout with a toothbrush and bleach. Nick vowed never again to let the
bathroom get so filthy.
A.

As he scrubbed the tile grout with a toothbrush and bleach Nick vowed never again
to let the bathroom get so filthy.

B.

As he scrubbed the tile grout with a toothbrush and bleach, Nick vowed never again
to let the bathroom get so filthy.

C.

Nick vowed never again to let the bathroom get so filthy, as he scrubbed the tile grout
with a toothbrush and bleach.

To keep her basset hound away from the pizza, Ana keeps the squirt bottle close by. So that
she can "draw" like a gunslinger if a dog tongue gets too close to the delivery box.
A.

To keep her basset hound away from the pizza, Ana keeps the squirt bottle close by,
so that she can "draw" like a gunslinger if a dog tongue gets too close to the delivery
box.

B.

To keep her basset hound away from the pizza, Ana keeps the squirt bottle close by;
so that she can "draw" like a gunslinger if a dog tongue gets too close to the delivery
box.

C.

To keep her basset hound away from the pizza, Ana keeps the squirt bottle close by
so that she can "draw" like a gunslinger if a dog tongue gets too close to the delivery
box.

4.

5.

6.

Even though the windows leak and the paint is peeling, Georgette loves her old pickup
truck. The vehicle that has dependably taken her everywhere since junior year of high school.
A.

Even though the windows leak and the paint is peeling, Georgette loves her old
pickup truck; the vehicle that has dependably taken her everywhere since junior year
of high school.

B.

Even though the windows leak and the paint is peeling, Georgette loves her old
pickup truck, the vehicle that has dependably taken her everywhere since junior year
of high school.

C.

Even though the windows leak and the paint is peeling, Georgette loves her old
pickup truck the vehicle that has dependably taken her everywhere since junior year
of high school.

Deidre has to watch her baby constantly, for Mathew likes to crawl around the floorboards
and pop anything into his mouth. Such as fuzz-covered candies, dog biscuits, and dead bugs.
A.

Deidre has to watch her baby constantly, for Mathew likes to crawl around the
floorboards and pop anything into his mouth such as fuzz-covered candies, dog
biscuits, and dead bugs.

B.

Deidre has to watch her baby constantly, for Mathew likes to crawl around the
floorboards and pop anything into his mouth: such as, fuzz-covered candies, dog
biscuits, and dead bugs.

C.

Deidre has to watch her baby constantly, for Mathew likes to crawl around the
floorboards and pop anything into his mouth, such as fuzz-covered candies, dog
biscuits, and dead bugs.

Baking in his hot car during rush-hour traffic, Joe slurped up the last few drops of his iced
tea. And hoped that after this week's paycheck he could afford to make the costly repair to his
broken air conditioner.
A.

Baking in his hot car during rush-hour traffic, Joe slurped up the last few drops of his
iced tea and hoped that after this week's paycheck he could afford to make the costly
repair to his broken air conditioner.

B.

Baking in his hot car during rush-hour traffic, Joe slurped up the last few drops of his
iced tea and he hoped that after this week's paycheck he could afford to make the
costly repair to his broken air conditioner.

C.

Baking in his hot car during rush-hour traffic, Joe slurped up the last few drops of his
iced tea, and hoped that after this week's paycheck he could afford to make the
costly repair to his broken air conditioner.

7.

8.

9.

To stomach the cup of strong coffee that he desperately needed to keep awake. Lawrence
added seven packets of sugar and a quarter cup of cream.
A.

To stomach the cup of strong coffee that he desperately needed to keep awake,
Lawrence added seven packets of sugar and a quarter cup of cream.

B.

Lawrence added seven packets of sugar and a quarter cup of cream, to stomach the
cup of strong coffee that he desperately needed to keep awake.

C.

To stomach the cup of strong coffee that he desperately needed to keep awake
Lawrence added seven packets of sugar and a quarter cup of cream.

Jaime grabbed the leash with both hands and threw his weight backward. To keep Roxie, his
German shepherd, from attacking Mr. Velasquez, who was walking down the sidewalk.
A.

Jaime grabbed the leash with both hands and threw his weight backward; to keep
Roxie, his German shepherd, from attacking Mr. Velasquez, who was walking down
the sidewalk.

B.

Jaime grabbed the leash with both hands and threw his weight backward, to keep
Roxie, his German shepherd, from attacking Mr. Velasquez, who was walking down
the sidewalk.

C.

Jaime grabbed the leash with both hands and threw his weight backward to keep
Roxie, his German shepherd, from attacking Mr. Velasquez, who was walking down
the sidewalk.

O'Neil quietly closed the front door and tiptoed through the living room. Hoping not to wake
his sleeping mother, who would begin a loud and long lecture on missing curfew.
A.

O'Neil quietly closed the front door and tiptoed through the living room hoping not to
wake his sleeping mother, who would begin a loud and long lecture on missing
curfew.

B.

O'Neil quietly closed the front door and tiptoed through the living room, hoping not to
wake his sleeping mother, who would begin a loud and long lecture on missing
curfew.

C.

O'Neil quietly closed the front door and tiptoed through the living room; hoping not to
wake his sleeping mother, who would begin a loud and long lecture on missing
curfew.

10.

11.

12.

Erin cannot tolerate tight and restrictive clothing. Because, she claims, she had been
wrapped too tightly as a mummy in her previous Egyptian life.
A.

Erin cannot tolerate tight and restrictive clothing because, she claims, she had been
wrapped too tightly as a mummy in her previous Egyptian life.

B.

Erin cannot tolerate tight and restrictive clothing, because, she claims, she had been
wrapped too tightly as a mummy in her previous Egyptian life.

C.

Erin cannot tolerate tight and restrictive clothing; because, she claims, she had been
wrapped too tightly as a mummy in her previous Egyptian life.

Whenever Delores makes her infamous rubbery meatballs. David sneaks them off his plate
and into the willing mouth of Jellybean, the family's terrier.
A.

Whenever Delores makes her infamous rubbery meatballs David sneaks them off his
plate and into the willing mouth of Jellybean, the family's terrier.

B.

Delores makes her infamous rubbery meatballs whenever David sneaks them off his
plate and into the willing mouth of Jellybean, the family's terrier.

C.

Whenever Delores makes her infamous rubbery meatballs, David sneaks them off
his plate and into the willing mouth of Jellybean, the family's terrier.

While Kristy labored through another evening of incomprehensible accounting homework, her
roommate Bob read a sci-fi novel. And ate an entire bag of potato chips.
A. While Kristy labored through another evening of incomprehensible accounting homework,
her roommate Bob read a sci-fi novel and ate an entire bag of potato chips.
B. While Kristy labored through another evening of incomprehensible accounting homework,
her roommate Bob read a sci-fi novel, and ate an entire bag of potato chips.
C. While Kristy labored through another evening of incomprehensible accounting homework,
her roommate Bob read a sci-fi novel and he ate an entire bag of potato chips.

13.

To make her ex-boyfriend Brad jealous, Georgia saved her money. To buy a head-turning
black dress that would attract a flock of men at the dance.
A.

To make her ex-boyfriend Brad jealous, Georgia saved her money, to buy a headturning black dress that would attract a flock of men at the dance.

B.

To make her ex-boyfriend Brad jealous, Georgia saved her money to buy a headturning black dress that would attract a flock of men at the dance.

C.

To make her ex-boyfriend Brad jealous, Georgia saved her money; to buy a headturning black dress that would attract a flock of men at the dance.

14.

15.

16.

17.

Anyone who enters Cedric's apartment can tell that this young man has a dog. For example,
puncture marks in the mini blinds, dog snot clouding the windows, and paw prints on the
beige upholstery.
A.

Anyone who enters Cedric's apartment can tell that this young man has a dog; for
example, puncture marks in the mini blinds, dog snot clouding the windows, and paw
prints on the beige upholstery.

B.

Anyone who enters Cedric's apartment can tell that this young man has a dog; for
example: puncture marks in the mini blinds, dog snot clouding the windows, and paw
prints on the beige upholstery.

C.

Anyone who enters Cedric's apartment can tell that this young man has a dog. For
example, there are puncture marks in the mini blinds, dog snot clouding the
windows, and paw prints on the beige upholstery.

Bored with the revision of his research essay. Patrick poked the soft front of his flat-screen
monitor, fascinated by its squishy surface.
A.

Bored with the revision of his research essay, Patrick poked the soft front of his flatscreen monitor, fascinated by its squishy surface.

B.

Bored with the revision of his research essay Patrick poked the soft front of his flatscreen monitor, fascinated by its squishy surface.

C.

Because he was bored with the revision of his research essay Patrick poked the
soft front of his flat-screen monitor, fascinated by its squishy surface.

Despite Cassandra's stern warning, Alex walked over to flirt with Helen. The most beautiful
and dangerouswoman at the party.
A.

Despite Cassandra's stern warning, Alex walked over to flirt with Helen; the most
beautifuland dangerouswoman at the party.

B.

Despite Cassandra's stern warning, Alex walked over to flirt with Helen the most
beautifuland dangerouswoman at the party.

C.

Despite Cassandra's stern warning, Alex walked over to flirt with Helen, the most
beautifuland dangerouswoman at the party.

All of my friends wanted to spend Friday afternoon at the beach. Except Michael, the worrier,
who was concerned about shark bites, jellyfish stings, and skin cancer.
A.

All of my friends wanted to spend Friday afternoon at the beach: except Michael, the
worrier, who was concerned about shark bites, jellyfish stings, and skin cancer.

B.

All of my friends wanted to spend Friday afternoon at the beach. Michael, however,
was concerned about shark bites, jellyfish stings, and skin cancer.

C.

All of my friends wanted to spend Friday afternoon at the beach. Excluding Michael,
the worrier, who was concerned about shark bites, jellyfish stings, and skin cancer.

18.

19.

20.

Since the roof of Orlando Hall leaks, students know to check their seats. To avoid soaking
their pants in a puddle of water and then sitting in damp underwear for an entire class.
A.

Since the roof of Orlando Hall leaks, students know to check their seats to avoid
soaking their pants in a puddle of water and then sitting in damp underwear for an
entire class.

B.

Since the roof of Orlando Hall leaks, students know to check their seats, to avoid
soaking their pants in a puddle of water and then sitting in damp underwear for an
entire class.

C.

Since the roof of Orlando Hall leaks, students know to check their seats; to avoid
soaking their pants in a puddle of water and then sitting in damp underwear for an
entire class.

As waves of boring information rolled from Professor Clark's mouth. Kris grabbed his mental
surfboard and spent the rest of the hour riding fantasy waves.
A.

As waves of boring information rolled from Professor Clark's mouth Kris grabbed his
mental surfboard and spent the rest of the hour riding fantasy waves.

B.

Waves of boring information rolled from Professor Clark's mouth, while Kris grabbed
his mental surfboard and spent the rest of the hour riding fantasy waves.

C.

As waves of boring information rolled from Professor Clark's mouth, Kris grabbed his
mental surfboard and spent the rest of the hour riding fantasy waves.

To make Sylvia, the party's hostess, happy. Kelvin steeled himself, dipped his spoon into the
squid eyeball stew, and began to drain the bowl.
A.

To make Sylvia, the party's hostess, happy; Kelvin steeled himself, dipped his spoon
into the squid eyeball stew, and began to drain the bowl.

B.

To make Sylvia, the party's hostess, happy Kelvin steeled himself, dipped his spoon
into the squid eyeball stew, and began to drain the bowl.

C.

To make Sylvia, the party's hostess, happy, Kelvin steeled himself, dipped his spoon
into the squid eyeball stew, and began to drain the bowl.

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Fragments Exercise 6
This handout accompanies Exercise 6 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the
interactive version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Choose the option that corrects an error in the underlined portions. If no error
exists, choose No change is necessary.
1.

With her heavy dictionary, (A) Donna thumps the top of her ancient computer
monitor. (B) Whenever the color tint flickers (C) from normal to sickly yellow.
A.
B.
C.
D.

2.

... dictionary Donna ...


... monitor whenever ...
... flickers. From ...
No change is necessary.

When Kate saw the gray worm on the dissection tray. (A) She folded her arms (B) and
refused to pick up the scalpel (C) even though she would earn a zero in lab.
A.
B.
C.
D.

3.

... tray, she ...


... arms. And ...
... scalpel. Even though ...
No change is necessary.

Karlene drove slowly through the heavy traffic. (A) Anticipating a bag of microwave
popcorn (B) and a couple of hours in front of the television (C) as her reward for a hard
day at work.
A.
B.
C.
D.

4.

... traffic, anticipating ...


... popcorn, and ...
... television. As ...
No change is necessary.

Because of all his responsibilities at work and school, (A) Michael had no time to devote
to the yard, (B) so weeds, vines, and insects thrived in this jungle. (C) That neighbors
looked on with disapproval.
A.
B.
C.
D.

... school. Michael ...


... yard so ...
... jungle that ...
No change is necessary.

5.

Citing writer's block as the reason (A) that she didn't have her essay, (B) Yao received no
sympathy from Mrs. Santos. (C) Who will only accept "breather's block" as a legitimate
excuse for late work.
A.
B.
C.
D.

6.

... reason, that ...


... essay. Yao ...
... Mrs. Santos, who ...
No change is necessary.

Mackenzie had to leave the room, (A) for her father was noisily crunching raw
radishes, (B) which produced so annoying a sound (C) that studying was impossible.
A.
B.
C.
D.

7.

... room. Because her ...


... radishes. Which ...
... sound; that ...
No change is necessary.

Because he had eaten a stack of twelve pancakes, (A) Emanuel heard his stomach
begin to rumble (B) as it processed the food. (C) Gurgling loudly to protest the huge
meal.
A.
B.
C.
D.

8.

... pancakes. Emanuel ...


... rumble. As ...
... food, gurgling ...
No change is necessary.

Although fans blew in every room, (A) Faye found the house unbearably hot. (B) And
wished that the air conditioning repairman, (C) who was already three hours late, would
pull into her driveway.
A.
B.
C.
D.

9.

... room. Faye ...


... hot and ...
... repairman. Who ...
No change is necessary.

A student fascinated with all things ancient Egyptian. (A) Kemette squinted at the
computer screen, (B) hoping to find the information she needed (C) to finish her research
paper on Old Kingdom art.
A.
B.
C.
D.

... Egyptian, Kemette ...


... screen. Hoping ...
... needed, to ...
No change is necessary.

10.

Whenever one of her six cats jumps on the kitchen counter, (A) Lorna just sighs. (B) And
reminds herself that everything tastes better (C) if there is a little cat hair in it.
A.
B.
C.
D.

11.

... counter Lorna ...


... sighs and ...
... better, if ...
No change is necessary.

Piling into the car, Jorge and his friends drove to Little Anthony's Pizzeria (A) and gorged
on house specialties, (B) such as, (C) garlic knots, meatballs, and sausage pizza.
A.
B.
C.
D.

12.

... Pizzeria. And ...


... specialties such ...
... as garlic ...
No change is necessary.

My appliances are always hungry. (A) For example, the dryer will eat underwear, (B) and
the microwave will suck off half a frozen dinner (C) while it is cooking.
A.
B.
C.
D.

13.

... hungry, for ...


... underwear and ...
... dinner, while ...
No change is necessary.

While Dr. Kinser bounced down the stairs (A) and strode through the hallway. (B) A
brightly colored tie streamed over his shoulder, (C) flapping in his wake.
A.
B.
C.
D.

14.

... stairs, and ...


... hallway, a ...
... shoulder flapping ...
No change is necessary.

Despite her parents' disapproval, (A) Tran continues to date Charlie. (B) A nice young
man (C) whose only fault is not being born Vietnamese.
A.
B.
C.
D.

... disapproval Tran ...


... Charlie, a ...
... man. Whose ...
No change is necessary.

15.

Anyone who visits Neil will find uneaten fruit all over his apartment. (A) Such as rotting
bananas on the kitchen counter, (B) desiccated grapes in a bowl on the coffee
table, (C) and a drippy apple on the bureau by the bed.
A.
B.
C.
D.

16.

... apartment. For instance, he has rotting ...


... counter. Desiccated ...
... table. And ...
No change is necessary.

Searching travel websites (A) to compare room and flight rates, (B) Shaquita fantasized
about a spring break vacation to Hawaii. (C) As her unfinished algebra homework lay
ignored on her desk.
A.
B.
C.
D.

17.

... websites, to ...


... rates Shaquita ...
... Hawaii as ...
No change is necessary.

Paulie is a daredevil (A) who enjoys skydiving, motorcycle racing, and boxing.
But (B) won't eat raw cookie dough (C) because he's afraid of bacteria from uncooked
eggs.
A.
B.
C.
D.

18.

... daredevil. Who ...


... But he won't ...
... dough, because ...
No change is necessary.

The potted geranium wilted (A) from lack of water on Terry's kitchen window

(B)

while

the faucet dripped wastefully, (C) staining the porcelain sink with rust.
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.

... wilted, from ...


... window. While ...
... wastefully staining ...
No change is necessary.

His arms full of expensive science fiction paperbacks, (A) Cary remembered (B) that
next semester's tuition was due in two weeks. (C) Making a trip to the library instead of
the bookstore a better financial decision.
A.
B.
C.
D.

... paperbacks Cary ...


... remembered, that ...
... weeks, making ...
No change is necessary.

20.

With the huge number of confusing rules colliding in her head, (A) Cindy took the quiz on
fragments (B) and hoped, (C) that she would remember enough of the material to pass.
A.
B.
C.
D.

... head. Cindy ...


... fragments, and ...
... hoped that ...
No change is necessary.

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Fragments Exercise 7
This handout accompanies Exercise 7 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the
interactive version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Choose the option that corrects an error in the underlined portions. If no error
exists, choose No change is necessary.
1.

After Deidre saw the tiny balance on her ATM receipt, (A) she realized, (B) that her
meals for the next week would consist of cheap food, (C) such as peanut butter
sandwiches and instant soup.
A.
B.
C.
D.

2.

... receipt. She ...


... realized that ...
... food. Such ...
No change is necessary.

Smiling with satisfaction (A) Michelle typed the last sentence of her research paper.
Then a bolt of lightning crashed nearby, (B) extinguishing the electricity (C) and making
poor Michelle wish that she had invested in a surge protector.
A.
B.
C.
D.

3.

... satisfaction, Michelle ...


... nearby. Extinguishing ...
... electricity. And ...
No change is necessary.

When the cell phone began to chime in her book bag, (A) Jasmine froze in her
seat (B) as all eyes in the room darted from her to Mr. Williams. (C) A professor who
tolerated no interruptions during a lecture.
A.
B.
C.
D.

4.

... bag. Jasmine ...


... seat. As ...
... Williams, a ...
No change is necessary.

As Alex squeezed down the narrow row of chairs. (A) His heavy book bag bumped the
large soda perched on a desk, (B) sending a shower of diet cola into Teresas lap, (C)
soaking her jeans.
A.
B.
C.
D.

... chairs, his ...


... desk. Sending ...
... lap soaking ...
No change is necessary.

5.

You might think (A) that a floor-length dress is conservative (B) until you see the one
that Christina wears. (C) A psychedelic swirl of pinks and purples that attracts everyones
attention.
A.
B.
C.
D.

6.

... think, that ...


... conservative. Until ...
... wears. It is a ...
No change is necessary.

As all of her classmates were sharing results (A) Melody quietly left the room (B) and
found a quiet corner in the hallway (C) so that she could see her grade without
embarrassing herself in front of her friends.
A.
B.
C.
D.

7.

... results, Melody ...


... room, and ...
... hallway. So that ...
No change is necessary.

Gloria and Scooby stood in front of the bathroom mirror, (A) bitterly complaining about
the difficult midterm and stern teaching in their biology course. (B) As Mrs. Perry, their
professor, (C) eavesdropped from inside a far stall.
A.
B.
C.
D.

8.

... mirror bitterly ...


... course as ...
... professor eavesdropped ...
No change is necessary.

One day in class, Shantrell rested her head against the wall (A) and discovered (B) that
she could hear the classical music that Mr. Nguyen played in his office on the other
side. (C) The music promptly put her to sleep.
A.
B.
C.
D.

9.

... wall. And ...


... discovered, that ...
... side. Which ...
No change is necessary.

While Professor Koopman explained the consequences of the French


Revolution, (A) Tiffany and Faith sniffled uncomfortably in their seats, (B) suffocated by
the cheap shaving lotion (C) that Henry always wore.
A.
B.
C.
D.

... Revolution. Tiffany ...


... seats. Suffocated ...
... lotion, that ...
No change is necessary.

10.

Once classes were over, (A) Maria used to meet her lab partner Chris at the diner near
campus (B) until she discovered that Chris preferred, (C) to flirt with the waitresses
instead of discussing their chemistry homework.
A.
B.
C.
D.

11.

... over Maria ...


... campus, until ...
... preferred to ...
No change is necessary.

Coated with dust, (A) the blinds filtered shadowy light into Adrian's cluttered apartment,
(B)

where clothing and empty take-out boxes littered the floor. (C) As flies buzzed around

rotting bananas on the kitchen counter.


A.
B.
C.
D.
12.

... dust the ...


... apartment. Where ...
... floor as ...
No change is necessary.

Hands covered in cookie dough, (A) Madeline ran to the phone, (B) hoping that the call
was from Eric. (C) Her boyfriend who had broken his promise to call the day before.
A.
B.
C.
D.

13.

... dough Madeline ...


... phone hoping ...
... Eric, her ...
No change is necessary.

Wendy pushed her glasses up her nose, (A) and blew loose strands of hair from her
eyes, (B) hoping that clearer vision would help her make sense of the difficult algebra
problem (C) that she was trying to solve.
A.
B.
C.
D.

14.

... nose and ...


... eyes. Hoping ...
... problem, that ...
No change is necessary.

To get on his mother's good side, (A) Rufus offered to unpack the groceries, (B) but
dropped the carton of eggs that Mom would later need (C) to make chocolate-broccoli
muffins for the church bake sale.
A.
B.
C.
D.

... side Rufus ...


... groceries. But he dropped ...
... need, to ...
No change is necessary.

15.

Circling the parking lot, (A) Dominique searched for an empty space close to the mall
entrance (B) so that an afternoon thunderstorm wouldn't drench her (C) while she was
loaded down with good buys.
A.
B.
C.
D.

16.

... lot Dominique ...


... entrance. So ...
... her, while ...
No change is necessary.

If his friends walked into the bookstore (A) Boris had a stack of car magazines as
camouflage, (B) but he was really reading Better Homes and Gardens, studying
decorating ideas (C) to spruce up his first apartment.
A.
B.
C.
D.

17.

... bookstore, Boris ...


... camouflage but ...
... ideas, to ...
No change is necessary.

To make his long shift at Bernies Burger Emporium tolerable, (A) Kelvin used ketchup,
(B)

to make smiley faces on the burgers (C) that he assembled at the grill.

A.
B.
C.
D.

18.

... tolerable. Kelvin ...


... ketchup to ...
... burgers, that ...
No change is necessary.

Darryl has the messiest book bag (A) of anyone Rachel knows; (B) he essentially has a
compost pile rotting in the main compartment. (C) For instance, pistachio shells, pencil
shavings, and a brown banana.
A.
B.
C.
D.

19.

... bag, of ...


... knows, he ...
... compartment. For instance, there are pistachio ...
No change is necessary.

Mrs. Neal loves chocolate cake. (A) But couldn't accept the slice that her student Michael
offered (B) because she knew that it was a bribe (C) for a better grade on his midterm
essay.
A.
B.
C.
D.

... cake but ...


... offered. Because ...
... bribe, for ...
No change is necessary.

20.

Dressing for her interview with the recruiters, (A) Leisha debated wearing four hoops in
each ear and a nose ring (B) or removing the jewelry (C) and tolerating convention during
the college job fair.
A.
B.
C.
D.

... recruiters Leisha ...


... ring. Or ...
... jewelry, and ...
No change is necessary.

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Using Irregular Verbs Exercise 1


This handout accompanies Exercise 1 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Choose the correct verb for the sentences below.
1.

When Mom __________ out the kitchen rug, dog hair, bread crumbs, coffee grounds, and
spaghetti noodles flew through the air and dusted the sidewalk.
A. shaked
B. shook
C. had shook

2.

At the back of the lab, Glenn decorated the margins of his biology textbook with caricatures.
When test time arrives, Glenn will wish that he had __________ the different cell types Dr.
Shuman was explaining to the class.
A. drawn
B. drawed
C. drew

3.

Theodore bought beautiful roses for Glenda, his date. Because he did not have a vase, he
rinsed out a peanut butter jar. After Theodore __________ Glenda's reaction to the
arrangement, he realized that he had not made a favorable first impression.
A. saw
B. had saw
C. seen

4.

Jennifer has discovered that hanging clothes outside to dry has its disadvantages. Recently,
a spider crept into a pair of her jeans and __________ a day biting the "intruder"Jennifer's
bare legthat had invaded the arachnid's new home.
A. spend
B. spended
C. spent

5.

Ms. Ayer __________ several deep breaths to keep from exploding at Jerry, whose excuse
for missing yet another class was that Grandma had diedfor the fifth time in one semester!
A. taked
B. took
C. tooked

6.

Diane always wonders where she will next discover a pair of her husband's dirty socks.
Yesterday Mike __________ two in the refrigerator next to a carton of orange juice.
A. leaved
B. leaft
C. left

7.

When Richie jammed the photocopier for the eighth time, Sharon, the administrative
assistant, picked up a heavy stapler and __________ it at his head.
A. through
B. throwed
C. threw

8.

Because her hands were still slippery from the dishwater, Marilyn dropped the watermelon,
which __________ on the floor in an explosion of pulp and seeds.
A. busted
B. bursted
C. burst

9.

On his way to an interview at the bank, Geraldo stepped in gum. Nervous about the meeting,
he failed to notice the candy wrapper and leaves that __________ to his shoe as he walked
from the parking garage to the lobby.
A. sticked
B. stuck
C. stucked

10.

On Christmas Eve, Captain Beane wore a pair of antlers while greeting passengers boarding
his 727. The costume __________ little trust in Louise, whose fear of flying required a serious
pilot.
A. built
B. build
C. builded

11.

Jim would have __________ the difficult and dirty job of cleaning the slimy gutters if the blue
sky, seventy-degree weather, and new titanium graphite driver had not summoned him to the
golf course.
A. began
B. begun
C. beginned

12.

After losing electricity during a hurricane, the Martinez family ___________ candles, speared
hot dogs on pencils, and roasted the wieners over this makeshift barbecue.
A. lit
B. lited
C. litted

13.

Because Nigel had __________ to the supermarket with this week's grocery money, Shirley
expected him to return with bread, milk, and other essentials. Boy, was she angry when he
came home with fifty dollars worth of losing lottery tickets!
A. gone
B. went
C. goed

14.

When Henry opened the vegetable crisper at the bottom of the refrigerator, the puddle of
rotting lettuce that he discovered __________ up the kitchen for the rest of the day.
A. stinked
B. stank
C. stanked

15.

Whenever Mike _________ his Cessna 152, a small airplane, he worried about running out of
fuel, hitting birds, and being abducted by alien spaceships.
A. flied
B. flown
C. flew

16.

Audrey had just __________ into her first forkful of omelet when she noticed mushrooms in
the egg. Because she was highly allergic to this vegetable, she had to spit the mouthful into
her napkin, wiping her tongue with a clean corner.
A. bited
B. bitt
C. bitten

17.

Maria __________ from the cold glass of soda, trying to extinguish the anger that, lava-like,
threatened to explode at her husband Darren, who had spent the day watching college
football instead of mowing the lawn.
A. drinked
B. drank
C. drunk

18.

Raphael would have __________ jeans and a T-shirt to the interview if he thought such attire
would land him the job. Because he knew better, Raphael struggled into a scratchy suit that
made him feel as though ants were crawling over his skin.
A. wore
B. worn
C. worned

19.

At first, Rose __________ to tolerate Simon's lack of punctuality. His good looks
compensated for her having to wait an extra ten or fifteen minutes. But once Simon's
tardiness hit half an hour, Rose dumped him for a boyfriend who looked at his watch.
A. chose
B. choose
C. choosed

20.

One spring Joe __________ tomatoes in the backyard; pollution, insects, and weekend
badminton matches did so much damage to the poor plants that Joe went back to buying
canned tomatoes at the grocery store.
A. grew
B. had grew
C. growed

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Using Irregular Verbs Exercise 2


This handout accompanies Exercise 2 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Choose the correct verb for the sentences below.
1.

A strong wind __________ through the trees, loosening clumps of moss, dead branches, old
kites, and baby squirrels, all of which fell to the wet ground below.
A.
B.
C.

2.

Charlie believed that he had __________ the best essay of the semester, but when Mrs.
Varner returned the paper, the slashes of red ink and caustic comments immediately
changed his opinion of the work.
A.
B.
C.

3.

stole
had stole
stealed

In her dreams that night, Diana had __________ in a pool of warm cocoa; when she awoke,
the aroma of chocolate still tickled her nostrils.
A.
B.
C.

5.

wrote
wroten
written

Becky had both an empty wallet and stomach, so she __________ a chocolate bar from the
candy rack. The ensuing guilt was harder to tolerate than her growling belly.
A.
B.
C.

4.

had blew
blew
blowed

swimmed
swam
swum

Chauncey would have __________ some of the squid eyeball stew if a long, gray tentacle
hadn't dangled over the side of the bowl.
A.
B.
C.

ate
eaten
eatten

6.

My grandmother doesn't trust banks, so she has __________ money all over the house.
Once, I pulled an old Reader's Digest off a shelf and found seven $100 bills stuck between
the pages.
A.
B.
C.

7.

George would have __________ to class sooner, but a beautiful woman was listening to him
lie about his fat wallet and hot car, and he couldn't tear himself away from the conversation.
A.
B.
C.

8.

freezed
froze
frozen

A thin stray kitten cried outside the back door. Because Rebecca felt sorry for the poor
animal, she __________ it some leftover ravioli, the only food she had in the refrigerator.
A.
B.
C.

12.

hurt
hurted
had hurted

Giselle dreaded attending her US Government class. Whenever Dr. Duncan called on her,
Giselle felt as if she had __________ in her chair; she couldn't open her mouth, let alone
answer one of his questions.
A.
B.
C.

11.

broken
breaked
braked

Dashing down the hallway, Tuan slipped in a puddle of soda and crashed into the water
fountain. His elbow and nose __________ for the rest of the day.
A.
B.
C.

10.

came
come
commed

If Eli hadn't escaped to the kitchen to cool down, he would have __________ a heavy plate
over the head of Mrs. Jones, who sent back her chicken for the fourth time.
A.
B.
C.

9.

hid
hiden
hidden

fed
fead
feeded

Last week, Hector had __________ his girlfriend Gloria an expensive gold necklace. When
he saw her flirting with Omar, Hector knew that he should have purchased new rims for his
car instead.
A.
B.
C.

gived
gave
given

13.

Because Kerri Ann __________ all of her biology homework, she spent the rest of the
evening with her friends. The next morning, when Dr. Wright passed out the difficult pop quiz,
Kerri Ann realized that her books should have been her only company.
A.
B.
C.

14.

On his way to an interview, Gonzalo __________ a hot dog to quiet his rumbling stomach.
While he was wolfing down this quick meal, yellow mustard dripped all over the front of his
crisp white shirt.
A.
B.
C.

15.

drived
drove
driven

For weeks, Judi searched cookbooks and culinary magazines for the recipe to make squid
eyeball stew. Finally, she __________ the instructions at www.eatmoresquid.com, a web
site dedicated to preparing this sea delicacy.
A.
B.
C.

18.

rised
raised
rose

Dan would have __________ his new truck to the grocery store if he hadn't been so worried
that a loose can of peas might roll around in the bed and chip the pristine green paint.
A.
B.
C.

17.

buyed
baught
bought

Omar woke up before dawn and drove to Daytona Beach. As the sun __________ over the
ocean, he watched the water sparkle like the beautiful diamond earrings he had given his
girlfriend Gloria, who then dumped him for a new boyfriend with a higher credit card limit.
A.
B.
C.

16.

done
had done
had did

finded
found
founded

After cooking all night, Paulette __________ a huge platter of chocolate-broccoli muffins to
the meeting. Everyone enjoyed the delicious combination of tastes while getting the daily
dose of vitamin C.
A.
B.
C.

braught
brought
brang

19.

When Mr. Tighe saw Julie using Moby-Dick as a coaster for a sweating glass of cold soda, he
__________ down his briefcase and lectured the poor woman on showing proper respect for
great literature.
A.
B.
C.

20.

throwed
through
threw

Jim's last temper tantrum __________ $200. He had thrown an expensive titanium threewood into the golf course lake, and his wife Nancy insisted that he hire a scuba diver to
retrieve it.
A.
B.
C.

cost
coss
costed

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Using Irregular Verbs Exercise 3


This handout accompanies Exercise 3 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Choose the correct verb for the sentences below.
1.

Sherry should have __________ the truth. Then poor Rebecca would have declined a bowl of
soup instead of vomiting in the bathroom once she learned the recipe included half a cup of
frog tongues.
A.
B.
C.

2.

While Allison gripped the roof's edge, she no longer resented the many hours that her
boyfriend Chris spent in the gym. After all, his strong arms would catch her when she
loosened her grip and __________ to the ground below.
A.
B.
C.

3.

rode
rided
ridden

If Carlos had known that hail the size of golf balls would fall later that day, he would have
__________ his shoulder pads and football helmet instead of his one good suit.
A.
B.
C.

5.

fell
falled
fallen

Mauricio would have _________ the seven-foot wave into shore if a huge shark had not been
patrolling the waters underneath the surfboard, hoping for a dangling arm or leg.
A.
B.
C.

4.

telled
teld
told

worn
wore
weared

Using bites of bologna as bribes, Diane convinced Reliable, her beagle, to lie still, and then
she __________ each of his eighteen toenails.
A.
B.
C.

cut
cutted
cuted

6.

At the beginning of the semester, Joyce anticipated learning about Egyptian archeology. Her
interest __________, however, as the monotonous lectures of Dr. Nelson provided facts
dustier than mummy wrappings.
A.
B.
C.

7.

Without stopping for breath, Mervina, the neighborhood gossip, __________ Kishana up on
the neighborhood news, including Sherry's disastrous dinner party, where the frog tongue
soup sent five guests to the local emergency room.
A.
B.
C.

8.

singed
sung
sang

Because Henry enjoyed impressing his girlfriend Gloria, he __________ for the expensive
dinner with his brand new credit card; he would worry about the shocking statement when it
arrived in the mail next month.
A.
B.
C.

11.

tought
taught
teached

While crawling along in rush-hour traffic, Kay cranked up her car stereo and __________ the
lyrics to "Back in Black" with AC/DC, oblivious to the scowls of annoyance from the other
drivers trapped beside her.
A.
B.
C.

10.

cought
caught
catched

After Mrs. Curall __________ irregular verb forms in her writing class, she discovered that the
frequency of tooked and weared declined in her students' essays.
A.
B.
C.

9.

shrinked
shrank
shrunck

payed
had payed
paid

To ensure that the ragged edges of his essay did not inspire Mrs. Varners rage, Jack
carefully __________ the fuzzies from the sheets of paper.
A.
B.
C.

tore
had torn
teared

12.

If Tyree had __________ how beautiful the substitute teacher was going to be, he would
have prepared his math homeworkinstead of an arsenal of spitballsto impress her with
his intelligence.
A.
B.
C.

13.

With a hotdog, Dris __________ Butler, her bulldog, to the car but could not get him onto the
backseat; Butler sensed a trip to the vet and refused to budge.
A.
B.
C.

14.

bended
had bended
bent

Tiffany __________ through all of Dr. Olefke's 8 a.m. astronomy lectures; like black holes, the
low grades on her exams sucked up any hope of passing the class.
A.
B.
C.

17.

feeled
feld
felt

Thrashing on the surface of the lake, a huge catfish __________ Reggie's fishing pole almost
to the point of breaking. Reggie fought on, images of fried fillets making his mouth water.
A.
B.
C.

16.

lead
leaded
led

Tikeja __________ Michael's forehead to confirm his fever. When cool skin met her touch,
she knew her little brother was faking an illness to get out of helping her rake the big
backyard.
A.
B.
C.

15.

knowed
known
knew

slept
sleapt
sleeped

The telephone __________ twelve times before Pablo would lift the receiver. He prayed the
call was from a salesperson and not his psycho ex-girlfriend Maria.
A.
B.
C.

rung
rang
ringed

18.

While Clive stood on top of the fire ant mound, several of the insects crawled over his shoes
and __________ him on the ankles, sending the poor boy dancing around the yard and
slapping at his legs.
A.
B.
C.

19.

Jeanne __________ her house of twenty years with great misgivings; she worried that the
new owners would dig up the bones of her beloved cat, Emmy Lou, to put a pool or rose
garden in the backyard.
A.
B.
C.

20.

stinged
stang
stung

selled
sold
sole

Melissa dug in her heels and __________ the leash with both hands; Mellie, her Labrador
retriever, saw children playing Frisbee down the street and wanted desperately to chase the
flying red disk.
A.
B.
C.

held
healt
holded

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Using Irregular Verbs Exercise 4


This handout accompanies Exercise 4 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Each item below contains three underlined verbs. Fix the one that is formed incorrectly.
1.

Rachel would have wrote a better essay for Mr. Parker, but she drank a double espresso
and found that she had too much energy to sit still at a computer.

2.

Miguel bursted out laughing when he saw that Rey, his ferocious Chihuahua, had bitten the
seat of Julio's jeans and hung on as Julio danced around the kitchen, trying to shake off the
little dog.

3.

Danny loved going to the beach. He watched beautiful women in skimpy bikinis, ate fresh
seafood, and swum in the refreshing water. After a shark bit his leg, however, Danny
preferred the pool at his apartment complex.

4.

Cristie would have chose a less expensive dinner, but when she saw squid eyeball stew on
the menu, she knew that she had found the perfect thing to eat.

5.

Because Jonathon had forgotten to bring his wallet to school, he buyed a bag of corn chips
instead of the Salisbury steak with mashed potatoes, the lunch special that caught his eye.

6.

Keila knew that she had many misspelled words in her essay, so she digged around in her
book bag, searching for her dictionary. She found instead a Snicker's bar, which she ate,
hoping that the sugar rush would help her brain remember the right combination of letters.

7.

After a long day of mowing lawns, Kevin was truly exhausted. He sat slumped in his chair,
and even if you had put a handful of scorpions down his shirt, he would not have rose to
shake them out.

8.

When Fabiana flied from Dallas to Orlando, the plane hit such a bad patch of turbulence that
the passengers felt as if they were riding Space Mountain at Disney World.

9.

On Sunday Michael spent the afternoon waxing his new car. If he had knew about the two
pop quizzes on Monday, he would have given his algebra problems and accounting
spreadsheets more attention.

10.

Larry stuck a dead grasshopper in the cake batter and then put the pan into the hot oven to
bake. He planned to serve a slice to his little sister Stephanie, who had tore his favorite
basketball jersey.

11.

Even though Frances had already ate, she stopped at the food court and bought a slice of
pizza. She wanted an opportunity to smile at the cute young man who ran the register.

12.

Danielle hated to see her brother Tim walk into the diner where she worked. He always
brought his obnoxious friends, payed for his meal with pennies, and then left huge puddles
of ketchup at his table.

13.

Unaware that his alarm clock had not rung at 6 a.m., Levi slept under the warm blankets
while Dr. Ribley tought the semester's most difficult algebra concept to the students who had
arrived on time.

14.

Obviously Alicia had chose the most difficult English teacher in the whole school. During the
semester with Mr. Hayden, Alicia wrote twenty essays and studied grammar rules until she
thought her head would burst.

15.

Because Tran knew that a strong chemistry background was essential for a future
pharmacist, she rose from her warm bed and begun studying her notes for another test.

16.

To avoid being stung, Kasey spilled a small amount of soda on the picnic table; the wasps
that flew around the campsite left him alone and drunk from the sweet puddle.

17.

The hungry shark swam beneath the unsuspecting surfer and began to position itself for an
attack. Then the fish noticed the hot pink toenail polish on the foot that dangled over the
surfboard and losed its appetite.

18.

At the beginning of class, Matt realized that he had forgotten the essay he had wrote at 4
a.m., so he smeared blood-like streaks of red pen at the corners of his mouth and told his
instructor, Dr. Borglum, that muggers had beaten him up before stealing his backpack.

19.

My cat Buster leapt onto the wobbly table to escape Oreo, the dog, who ran in tight circles,
trying to bite Buster's tail, which hanged over the side.

20.

David was so hungry that he fought his brother for the container of leftovers, teared off the
lid, and ate the cold meatloaf and congealed gravy right out of the plastic.

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Using Irregular Verbs Exercise 5


This handout accompanies Exercise 5 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Each item below contains three underlined verbs. Fix the one that is formed incorrectly.
1.

Madison slept at the very edge of the bed, one leg dangling over the side, because Yo-Yo,
her little dog, lay stretched out in the middle of the quilt and bitt any limb that invaded her
territory.

2.

After bumping the wobbly table, Neil cought the box of donuts before it hit the floor, but no
one drank juice that morning it exploded in a spray of orange on the kitchen tile.

3.

Jim would have driven faster if his mother had took her own car to the mall. Instead, she
rode with him, criticizing his every decision and shrieking hysterically whenever he ran a
yellow light.

4.

All of Charlie's hopes sinked when the telephone rang and the beautiful Delores told the
eager young man that she didn't have time to study calculus that evening.

5.

Wendy red each Cliff's Notes title on the rack, hoping to spot Moby-Dick. She finally found a
booklet stuffed among the guides to Hamlet and bought it without regret, for she couldn't
stomach another minute of the exhausting novel.

6.

If Eli cooked and ate the half head of raw cabbage (the only item in the refrigerator), he knew
that he would burp through his date with Amy, so he drived to the food store and bought a
box of macaroni and cheese to fix instead.

7.

Bryan had had enough of his sister's loud stereo and bad taste in music, so he went to her
room, banged on the door, and teld Melissa that if she didn't reduce the volume, then he
would return with his baseball bat and pound her boom box into little bits.

8.

Marsha sat at the dining room table, wondering [and worrying] what dish her husband might
serve. Brent's refusal to use measuring devices ment that her tongue either leapt in surprise
at the excessive seasoning or lay in her mouth, bored with the bland taste.

9.

Latoya would have swum farther, but a cramp stang her side, so she rode a wave into
shore and spent the afternoon watching handsome young men parading on the beach.

10.

Leroy has read travel books about every exotic country imaginable but refuses to ever visit in
person. He worries that he might be stinged by a poisonous spider, bitten by a deadly
snake, or convinced to order pickled monkey brains at a restaurant because he doesnt
understand the language.

11.

At the coffee house table, Willie spread out his laptop computer, cell phone, and digital
watch. He gived the impression that he had important business, but in truth, he wrote love
letters to his girlfriend, counting the minutes until she returned his phone call.

12.

Kareem drank the hot tea that Sarah laid on the counter. Although the steaming liquid
burned his throat, at least he erased the terrible taste of the squid eyeball stew that he had
ate.

13.

Maria knowed the futility of her task that October afternoon. As she swept off the front
sidewalk, more leaves fell from the trees overhead, sprinkling the concrete with color.

14.

My cat Fuzz sprang onto the kitchen counter, strode to the sink, and flinged herself onto the
cool porcelain for an afternoon nap. Only here was she safe from the pursuit of Oreo, the
dog.

15.

At the video arcade, Jeremy wished that he had slew the giant mutant tomatoes on level
one. Then he would not have fought the kamikaze pickles on level two and could have
kept his grape bombs for the ninja carrots on level three.

16.

Christine wrang her hands as she listened to Dr. Armour's lecture about tardiness. Although
Christine swore to her math teacher that she would never be late again, everyone in the
class knew that when the alarm clock rang the next morning, Christine would hit the snooze
button one time too many.

17.

With regret, Jack slung the heavy backpack over his shoulders and fleed the cold library. If
he had brought a jacket, he could have continued fantasizing about the cute librarian who
sat at the reference desk.

18.

A tantalizing smell had drawn Richard to the edge of his neighbor's yard. Finally, temptation
winned, and he crept across the lawn to the open window, where he spied chocolatebroccoli muffins cooling on the kitchen counter.

19.

Juan herd his mother calling from down the street but chose to ignore her summons.
Although he knew that she would be angry about his late arrival for dinner, he had to finish
his inspection of the dead toad on the sidewalk.

20.

Christine sprang out of the bed and saw bright sunlight streaming through the windows. She
knew that Dr. Armour would not tolerate another late, so Christine leapt back under the
covers and sleapt until noon.

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

U s i n g I r r e g u l a r V e r b s : L a y a n d L ie E x e r c i s e 6
This handout accompanies Exercise 6 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Choose the correct verb for the sentences below.
1.

Defeated, Melody __________ her head on the desk. Even though she had studied until 3
a.m., she could make no sense of the chemistry problems on the exam before her.
A.
B.
C.

2.

The students who have Mr. Sebacher for World Literature believe that their professor reads
Homer, Dante, and Shakespeare all evening. The reality is that Mr. Sebacher __________ on
the couch, eats corn chips, and channel surfs until midnight.
A.
B.
C.

3.

to lie
to lay
to have lain

Saxe, Diane's horse, will let you know when she deserves another carrot or apple. She sticks
out her tongue so that it __________ outside her mouth like a long, fat, pink worm.
A.
B.
C.

5.

lies
lays
laid

Theodora will nuzzle a snake, kiss a frog, and let a tarantula crawl up her arm. But if you
were __________ a bowl of lima beans on the dining room table, she would run screaming
from the house.
A.
B.
C.

4.

lay
laid
layed

lies
lays
will lay

____________ on the kitchen counter, the chocolate chip cookie teased Spencer the
Chihuahua, who sat on the linoleum, whining and drooling.
A.
B.
C.

Laying
Lieing
Lying

6.

Pumpkin, my oldest cat, loves __________ on my pillow. All night long, she and my head
fight for room.
A.
B.
C.

7.

Removing the dirty sock from her granddaughter's mouth, Jeanne __________ Abigail in the
crib and chased after Savannah, the family's new kitten, who was using the couch as a
scratching post. Babies of any species, Jeanne knew, required constant supervision.
A.
B.
C.

8.

laid
layed
lay

Jacob's physics notes were tucked in his book bag. A half-read copy of Moby-Dick served as
a coaster for a glass of cold soda. An unopened trigonometry book was __________ on the
desk. Although final exams were only two days away, Jacob decided to play another level of
Tomb Raider, his favorite computer game.
A.
B.
C.

12.

lay
layed
laid

While Karen was cleaning green peppers at the sink, Chris __________ a long, fat anchovy
onto the pizza, camouflaging it with sliced mushrooms and onions.
A.
B.
C.

11.

lain
laid
layed

Rachel __________ the telephone receiver on the table and returned to the sci-fi novel she
had left on the couch. The poor solicitor at the other end read five more minutes of spiel
before realizing that no one was listening.
A.
B.
C.

10.

lain
lay
laid

Bill went to the bank interview smelling of wet dog. He had __________ his one suit on the
bed before going into the bathroom to shave. Dripping from the rain, Skipper, his Labrador
retriever, decided the jacket made a perfect towel.
A.
B.
C.

9.

to lay
to lie
to be laying

lying
lieing
laying

Kevin __________ the dripping barbecue sandwich on his plate and grabbed a fork and knife.
He ignored the stares of the other restaurant patrons and ate his sandwich with utensils.
A.
B.
C.

laid
layed
lay

13.

The bright floral-print tie __________ against Dr. Kinser's crisp white shirt gives everyone the
impression that snow has fallen in the rainforest.
A.
B.
C.

14.

After an especially long week at work, Deepa __________ on the sofa, watching television
and trying to relax. Once the University of Florida football game began, however, she was
jumping up every five minutes to boo referee calls and cheer effective Gator plays.
A.
B.
C.

15.

lay
lie
have lain

If Della hadn't __________ the leaky take-out container of moo goo gai pan on the top shelf
of the refrigerator, she would not have had to mop up the ooze that dripped over four shelves
of food.
A.
B.
C.

19.

laying
lieing
lying

Robin can't __________ anything on the counter. Money, glasses of orange juice, stacks of
paperall of these get swatted to the floor by Buster, her mischievous cat.
A.
B.
C.

18.

lay
was laying
laid

When Carol went hunting through the kitchen for a midnight snack, she found a stale
chocolate chip cookie __________ in a crumpled bag behind an empty cereal box.
A.
B.
C.

17.

lay
was laying
laid

The last slice of cheesecake __________ on a platter in the middle of the table; everyone
wanted to eat it, but only Cassandra was assertive enough to scoop the slice onto her own
plate.
A.
B.
C.

16.

laying
lying
lieing

lain
laid
lied

A crumpled ten-dollar bill __________ at the bottom of the washing machine. Mike retrieved
the money and drove to Titos Taco Palace, where he bought fifteen tacos and a large root
beer.
A.
B.
C.

lay
lied
laid

20.

The message light on the phone was blinking. Eight appointments and an afternoon meeting
filled the calendar. A stack of top priority work _________ in the middle of the desk. Valerie
knew that lunch would be a bottled water and a handful of antacid tablets.
A.
B.
C.

laid
lied
lay

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

M isplaced and Dangling M odifiers Exercise 1


This handout accompanies Exercise 1 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Determine whether the sentences below contain misplaced or dangling modifiers. Fix
any problems that you find.
1.

Emma Sue was delighted when Mr. Nguyen returned her perfect calculus test with an ear-toear grin.

2.

Scrubbing the tile grout with bleach and an old toothbrush, the mildew stains began to fade.

3.

To finish by the 3 p.m. deadline, the computer keyboard sang with Sylvia's flying fingers.

4.

Sheila watched Desmond stuff his mouth with a cupcake frosted with vanilla icing.

5.

Perched on the curtain rod, the parakeet watched Rocky the cat slink behind the living room
sofa.

6.

Groaning on rusty springs, the trampoline tossed the children like clothes in a dryer.

7.

Rapping the pencil on the edge of the desk, the fourth cause of the French Revolution would
not come to mind.

8.

Slathering the popcorn with melted butter, the calorie count skyrocketed.

9.

Attached to the email, Charlotte sent her boyfriend Byron another photographic self-portrait with
eerie red eyes.

10.

Hungry for dinner, the surface is where Gert the goldfish waited in anticipation of food flakes.

11.

After the rainstorm, Jeremy walked his dachshund on a sidewalk covered in wet leaves.

12.

Lying under the dining room table, Noodle the poodle waited for bites of roast beef that Rosie
sneaked off her plate.

13.

Tonya made the mistake of walking her boisterous bulldog Billy in high heels.

14.

Too hungry to wait for Brenda's return from the restroom, the bowl of egg drop soup quickly
disappeared.

15.

Struggling with the tight jeans, the zipper would not budge.

16.

Closing the hotel room door and pulling the heavy suitcase to the elevator, the relaxing beach
vacation came to an end.

17.

Whispering into Valerie's ear, Rafael shared the gossip which had shocked and dismayed
everyone in the cafeteria.

18.

Starving but broke, Rhonda called Aunt Martha, whose generous nature and well-stocked
cupboards would provide Rhonda with enough food until payday.

19.

Eric's foot indicated his nervousness during the interview, which jiggled wildly.

20.

Sneezing from the high pollen count, a clean handkerchief would come in handy.

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Misplaced and Dangling Modifiers Exercise 2


This handout accompanies Exercise 2 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the
interactive version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Find and fix the misplaced and dangling modifiers in the passage below.
1

Dangling his legs over the water, Tommy sat on the pier and cried. 2Infused with his

great sadness, the tears hit the waves and attracted Marina, a beautiful mermaid. 3Popping out
of the ocean as sleek as a seal, Tommy gasped at the sight. 4While Marinas tail flopped against
the wood, which was long, scaly, and metallic blue, she asked poor Tommy the reason for his
pain. 5Tommy explained that he had lost the surfing championship, which included a scholarship
to college. 6Assessing his set as clumsy and inelegant, not a single compliment was received
from the judges. 7After Tommy bemoaned his ineptitude on a surfboard, Marina made a
proposal: She would turn him into a merman with the grace and athleticism of a dolphin!
8

Wielding ancient ocean secrets with a snap of her fingers, a metallic green tail replaced

Tommys legs! 9Diving into the waves, the tail propelled Tommy through the strong surf.
10

Ecstatic about his new abilities, the training and advice Marina offered went unheeded.

11

Refusing to use conditioner, for example, the sun and salt water soon damaged Tommys hair,

which became dry and brittle. 12A dangerous and foolhardy activity, Tommy also insisted on
head bumping the Great White sharks that he encountered.

13

Putting straws up his nose and

barking like a walrus did not make Tommy popular when he had dinner with Neptune, Marinas
father. 14After thoughtlessly scrambling endangered sea turtle eggs for breakfast, an apology
had to be made not only to Marina but also to the grieving mother reptile.
15

One day out on a swim, Tommy drank a root beer and tossed the empty plastic bottle in

the water. 16Polluting the ocean so carelessly was the last clam shell for Marina. 17With an angry
snap of her fingers, she replaced Tommys tail with two human legs.

18

Sinking under the waves,

Tommys legs finally kicked him to the surface where he gulped a much needed breath of air.

19

Saying a curt goodbye, Marinas tail slapped the surface dismissively as she dove into the

ocean depths. 20While swimming the mile back to shore as a regular human being, Tommy
regretted the gift that he had squandered.

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

M isplaced and Dangling M odifiers Exercise 3


This handout accompanies Exercise 3 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Choose the option that has no misplaced or dangling modifier.
1.
A.
B.
C.

Drooling in anticipation of the treat, Gizmo waited for Sylvia to reward him with a dog
cookie.
Drooling in anticipation of the treat, Sylvia rewarded Gizmo with a dog cookie.
Drooling in anticipation of the treat, a dog cookie was given to Gizmo.

2.
A.
B.
C.

Digging fingernails into his palms, Jerrys speech caused sweatiness and
nervousness.
Digging fingernails into his palms, sweatiness and nervousness about the speech
were what Jerry experienced.
Digging fingernails into his palms, Jerry got sweaty and nervous during the speech.

3.
A.
B.
C.

Gasping after the five-mile run in the summer sun, the bottle of cool water quenched
Donovan's thirst.
Gasping after the five-mile run in the summer sun, Donovan quenched his thirst with
a bottle of cool water.
Gasping after the five-mile run in the summer sun, Donovan's thirst was quenched
with a bottle of cool water.

4.
A.
B.
C.

Seated around the dining room table, the Thanksgiving turkey made everyone's
mouth water.
Seated around the dining room table, everyone salivated at the sight of the
Thanksgiving turkey.
Seated around the dining room table, the sight of the Thanksgiving turkey made
everyone salivate.

5.
A.
B.
C.

Sipping slowly at the diner counter, the hot soup was enjoyed by Timothy.
Sipping slowly, the diner counter was where Timothy enjoyed the hot soup.
Sipping slowly, Timothy enjoyed the hot soup at the diner counter.

6.
A.
B.
C.

Tucked into a secret purse pocket, Larissa used her last five-dollar bill to buy a slice
of pepperoni pizza and large iced tea.
To buy a slice of pepperoni pizza and large iced tea, Larissa used her last five-dollar
bill, which was tucked into a secret purse pocket.
Tucked into a secret purse pocket, a slice of pepperoni pizza and large iced tea
were purchased with Larissa's last five-dollar bill.

7.
A.
B.
C.

Eric broke the lamp while he was bouncing on the bed.


Bouncing on the bed, the lamp was broken by Eric.
Breaking the lamp, Erics bed should not have been bounced on.

A.
B.
C.

The repairman fixed the kitchen faucet, which leaked in a wasteful manner.
Leaking in a wasteful manner, we called a repairman to fix the kitchen faucet.
Leaking wastefully, the repairman arrived to fix the kitchen faucet.

A.

Whining in a pitiful manner, Rodney waited for a commercial break to let the dog in
from the rain.
During a commercial break, Rodney let the dog in from the rain, which was whining
in a pitiful manner.
During a commercial break, Rodney let in the dog, who had been whining pitifully
out in the rain.

8.

9.

B.
C.

10.
A.
B.
C.

Abdullah gasped as the badly wrapped burrito squirted its contents onto his shirt,
which was spicy hot and full of lettuce.
The badly wrapped burrito squirted its contents onto Abdullahs shirt, which was
spicy hot and full of lettuce.
The badly wrapped burrito, which was spicy hot and full of lettuce, squirted its
contents onto Abdullahs shirt.

11.
A.
B.
C.

Sneezing and coughing, Emily soon covered the computer keyboard with germs.
Sneezing and coughing, the computer keyboard was soon covered with germs from
Emily.
Sneezing and coughing, Emily's germs soon covered the computer keyboard.

12.
A.
B.
C.

When Kareem walked into the tree, he ripped his shirt and banged his forehead,
which was old and holey.
When Kareem walked into the tree, he ripped his old, holey shirt and banged his
forehead.
Walking into a tree, Kareems old, holey shirt was ripped, and his forehead got
banged.

13.
A.
B.
C.

Peeling the banana, this snack satisfied Jackie's hunger.


Peeling the banana, Jackie's hunger was satisfied with this snack.
Peeling the banana, Jackie satisfied her hunger with this snack.

A.

Joshua used his strong hands to massage Kara's shoulders, which were tight with
stress.
Joshua used his strong hands, which were tight with stress, to massage Kara's
shoulders.
Tight with stress, Joshua used his strong hands to massage Kara's shoulders.

14.

B.
C.
15.
A.
B.
C.

Dotted with clouds, Grandma Ruth watched the birthday balloons escape her fingers
and float into the sky.
Floating into the sky dotted with clouds, Grandma Ruth watched the birthday
balloons escape her fingers.
Grandma Ruth watched the birthday balloons escape her fingers and float into a sky
dotted with clouds.

16.
A.
B.
C.

A dangerous stunt, Franklin flew over the steep staircase, his skateboard landing
with a loud clack-clack on the concrete below.
On a skateboard, Franklin flew over the steep staircase and landed with a loud
clack-clack on the concrete below. His dangerous stunt amazed the onlookers.
Landing with a loud clack-clack on the concrete below, the staircase was jumped by
Franklin on a skateboard, which was a dangerous stunt.

17.
A.
B.
C.

Swinging at the tennis ball, contact with the racket sent a stab of pain through Paul's
elbow.
Swinging at the tennis ball, Paul felt a stab of pain in his elbow as the racket made
contact.
Swinging at the tennis ball, pain shot through Paul's elbow as the racket made
contact.

18.
A.
B.
C.

Madeline admired her nails, which were painted pink with gold sparkles.
Painted pink with gold sparkles, Madeline admired her nails.
The nails were admired by Madeline painted pink with gold sparkles.

A.

Poking his head through the unzipped top, Freddy the Chihuahua rode inside Jodis
book bag.
Poking his head through the unzipped top, Jodis book bag was Freddy the
Chihuahuas taxi.
Poking his head through the unzipped top, store after store was visited by Freddy
the Chihuahua as he rode in Jodis book bag.

19.

B.
C.

20.
A.
B.
C.

Spewing from the open oven door, the kitchen filled with the thick smoke of
LaTanyas burnt cookies.
Spewing from the open oven door, LaTanya filled the kitchen with the thick smoke
of burnt cookies.
Spewing from the open oven door, the thick smoke of burnt cookies filled LaTanyas
kitchen.

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

M isplaced and Dangling M odifiers Exercise 4


This handout accompanies Exercise 4 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Choose the option that has no misplaced or dangling modifier.
1.
A.

Filling the shopping cart with D batteries and bottled water, we finally completed our
hurricane preparation.

B.

Filling the shopping cart with D batteries and bottled water, our hurricane
preparation was finally complete.

C.

Filling the shopping cart with D batteries and bottled water, the completion of our
hurricane preparation soothed our anxiety.

2.
A.

Michael rode his bike to the beach, which was squeaky with rust.

B.

Squeaky with rust, Michael rode his bike to the beach.

C.

Michael rode his squeaky, rusty bike to the beach.

A.

After the librarian scolded the noisy teenagers, silence returned.

B.

Scolding the noisy teenagers, the library returned to silence.

C.

Scolding the noisy teenagers, silence returned to the library.

A.

Knocking the baseball into the stands, the fans cheered the homerun.

B.

Knocking the baseball into the stands, the homerun was cheered by the fans.

C.

When Wesley knocked the baseball into the stands, the fans cheered the homerun.

A.

Brushing her long hair, strands fell into the sink where they got washed down the

3.

4.

5.
drain and clogged the pipes.
B.

Because Claudine brushed her long hair over the sink, strands got washed down the
drain and clogged the pipes.

C.

Falling into the sink, Claudine brushed her long hair, which got washed down the
drain and clogged the pipes.

6.
A.

Wiping fingerprints off his eyeglasses with a paper towel, the book pages were
finally readable.

B.

Wiping fingerprints off his eyeglasses with a paper towel, Kareem could finally read
the book pages.

C.

Wiping fingerprints off the eyeglasses with a paper towel, the wisdom on book
pages finally revealed itself to Kareem.

7.
A.

Watching the second hand sweep the clock, the end of the boring lecture on the
French Revolution seemed as if it would never arrive.

B.

Watching the second hand sweep the clock, Dr. Grayson's boring lecture on the
French Revolution seemed as if it would never end.

C.

Watching the second hand sweep the clock, Adriana wondered if Dr. Grayson's
boring lecture on the French Revolution would never end.

8.
A.

Walking in the hot summer sun, sweat dripped from Kenny's face.

B.

Walking in the hot summer sun, Kenny's face dripped sweat.

C.

While Kenny walked in the hot summer sun, his face dripped sweat.

A.

Collapsed on the couch, Nick's relaxation was well earned after the hard day of

9.
moving heavy furniture to his new apartment.
B.

Collapsed on the couch, Nick relaxed after the hard day of moving heavy furniture to
his new apartment.

C.

Collapsed on the couch, the hard day of moving heavy furniture to his new
apartment was soon forgotten as Nick relaxed.

10.
A.

For the party, Samantha made pizza gooey with extra cheese.

B.

Gooey with extra cheese, Samantha made pizza for the party.

C.

Samantha made pizza for the party, which was gooey with extra cheese.

A.

Hissing with bursts of hot steam, LeAnn pressed the pants with an iron.

B.

LeAnn pressed the pants with an iron hissing with bursts of hot steam.

C.

With an iron, LeAnn pressed the pants which hissed with bursts of hot steam.

11.

12.
A.

Francis ate his burger alone at the cafeteria table, which he ordered with no onions
and extra pickle.

B.

Alone at the cafeteria table, Francis ate his burger, which he ordered with no onions
and extra pickle.

C.

Alone at the cafeteria table, Francis's burger, which was ordered with no onions and
extra pickle, was consumed.

13.
A.

Leaping out of the water onto the safe pier, the sight of a shark scared poor Donny.

B.

The shark scared poor Donny, who leaped out of the water onto the safe pier.

C.

Leaping out of the water, the pier seemed a safe place to Donny, who had spied a
shark.

14.
A.

Squirting ketchup on the hot French fries, Gloria's shirt was stained red in a tomato
sauce explosion.

B.

Squirting ketchup on the hot French fries, a tomato sauce explosion stained Gloria's
shirt red.

C.

As Gloria was squirting ketchup on the hot French fries, she stained her shirt red in
a tomato sauce explosion.

15.
A.

Swerving to miss a squirrel in the street, Harold's car hit a fire hydrant, which
crumpled his hood.

B.

Swerving his car to miss a squirrel in the street, Harold hit a fire hydrant, which
crumpled his hood.

C.

Swerving to miss a squirrel in the street, a fire hydrant crumpled the hood of
Harold's car.

16.
A.

Zipping his book bag closed, Pedro crossed his arms and closed his eyes, even
though his math professor continued solving problems at the board.

B.

Zipping his book bag closed, Pedro's arms folded and his eyes closed, even though
his math professor continued solving problems at the board.

C.

Crossing his arms and closing his eyes, Pedro's book bag was zipped close, even
though his math professor continued solving problems at the board.

17.
A.

Agitating the clothes in the sudsy water, the gravy stain on the shirt disappeared in
the wash.

B.

Agitating the clothes in the sudsy water, the washing machine got the gravy stain
out of the shirt.

C.

Agitating the clothes in the sudsy water, the shirt lost the gravy stain in the wash.

A.

Mopping up the muddy paw prints, the kitchen tile gleamed in the afternoon light.

B.

Mopping up the muddy paw prints, the afternoon light made Sarah's kitchen tile

18.

gleam.
C.

Mopping up the muddy paw prints, Sarah made the kitchen tile gleam in the
afternoon light.

19.
A.

Sipping the glass of iced tea, the liquid soothed Marilyn's parched throat.

B.

Sipping the glass of iced tea, Marilyn soothed her parched throat.

C.

Sipping the glass of iced tea, Marilyn's parched throat was soothed by the cool
liquid.

20.
A.

Folding the pile of T-shirts into perfect squares, Cory's laundry chores got
completed.

B.

Folding the pile of T-shirts into perfect squares, this week's laundry smelled clean
and fresh.

C.

Folding the pile of T-shirts into perfect squares, Cory finished his laundry chores.

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Misplaced and Dangling Modifiers Exercise 5


This handout accompanies Exercise 5 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the
interactive version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Choose the most logical way to complete each sentence. Make sure that you do
not dangle or misplace a modifier.
1.

Sucking with its powerful mouth,


A.
B.

2.

Working a minimum-wage job on the weekends,


A.
B.

3.

B.

Colby danced on the sidewalk, which amused the passengers waiting for the
bus.
Colby's dance moves amused the passengers waiting for the bus.

Squeezing from the bottom of the tube,


A.
B.

6.

the crisp and spicy fried shrimp served on paper plates.


the fried shrimp served on paper plates which were spicy and crisp.

Grooving to the music pumping through his earbuds,


A.

5.

the expensive gifts that his girlfriend Gloria required couldn't be purchased with
Caesars limited funds.
Caesar discovered that he couldn't afford the expensive gifts that his girlfriend
Gloria required.

We enjoyed
A.
B.

4.

the vacuum cleaned dog hair and crumbs off the carpet.
dog hair and crumbs disappeared from the carpet.

toothpaste splattered the mirror.


Kendra splattered the mirror with toothpaste.

Cursing her heavy book bag,


A.
B.
C.

Jillian's professors seldom made assignments in the thick textbooks.


Jillian lugged around thick textbooks that her professors seldom asked her to
use.
the textbooks that Jillian seldom needed made her shoulders sore.

7.

Gobbling the slice of pizza,


A.
B.
C.

8.

Inching toward the 12,


A.
B.
C.

9.

C.

B.
C.

Diane applied abundant goopy product before she ventured out into the summer
humidity.
abundant goopy product was applied before venturing out into the summer
humidity.
the summer humidity was thwarted with abundant goopy product.

Gulping from his sports drink,


A.
B.
C.

12.

Angelina was so happy that she brought an umbrella.


protection from the rain made Angelina so happy that she had brought an
umbrella.
the umbrella saved Angelina from a soaking in the rain.

To keep her hair straight,


A.

11.

Christopher watched the minute hand crawl through the last half hour of his work
week.
Christopher's work week would end once the minute hand reached the top of the
clock.
the minute hand crawled through the last half hour of Christopher's work week.

Snapping open,
A.
B.

10.

the complaints of Phillip's growling stomach finally stopped.


Phillip's growling stomach ceased its complaints.
Phillip quieted his growling stomach.

Rob's thirst was quenched enough to give Coach Jones another hour in the hot
Florida sun.
Rob quenched his thirst enough to give Coach Jones another hour in the hot
Florida sun.
rehydration meant that Coach Jones could expect another hour of practice from
Rob even with the hot Florida sun.

To get to class on time,


A.
B.
C.

campus traffic was dodged as bicycle pedals spun like tornadoes.


Sam zipped through the campus traffic, his bicycle pedals spinning like
tornadoes.
Sam's bicycle pedals spun like tornadoes as he zipped through the campus
traffic.

13.

Typing furiously,
A.
B.
C.

14.

Unwrapping the stick of spearmint gum,


A.
B.
C.

15.

a pair of flip-flops would have saved Madison's soles.


Madison's soles could have used the flip-flops left in the car.
Madison wished she hadn't left her pair of flip-flops in the car.
the car was where Madison left the flip-flops that she desperately needed.

Engrossed in the video game,


A.
B.
C.
D.

18.

Leroy gave the grass a refreshing break from the dry weather.
the grass enjoyed a refreshing break from the dry weather.
a refreshing break from the dry weather was given to the grass.

Blistering her feet in the hot sand,


A.
B.
C.
D.

17.

saliva filled Lorna's mouth as she anticipated the fresh flavor.


Lorna salivated in anticipation of the fresh flavor.
Lorna's mouth watered in anticipation of the fresh flavor.

Watering the lawn,


A.
B.
C.

16.

the keyboard sang as Brandon hurried to finish his draft.


the draft was completed in time since Brandon has such good keyboarding skills.
Brandon made the keyboard sing as he hurried to finish his draft.

Andrew ignored his mother, even though she had a plate of macaroni and
cheese in hand.
Andrew's mother could not get her son's attention even though she had a plate of
macaroni and cheese in hand.
Andrew's attention was on blasting space aliens, not eating the macaroni and
cheese that Mom offered.
the macaroni and cheese that Andrew's mother offered could not get Andrew's
attention.

Wiggling out of the clingy fabric,


A.
B.
C.
D.

the tight dress got rejected.


Anthony was disappointed that Raquel rejected the tight dress.
the sales clerk brought Raquel a different size to try.
Raquel rejected the tight dress.

19.

Sprinting up the steep hill,


A.
B.
C.
D.

20.

the wet leaves made traction difficult for Shantel.


traction was difficult, as the wet leaves slid under Shantel's feet.
Shantel slid in the wet leaves that made traction difficult.
Shantel's feet had difficulty finding traction in the wet leaves.

Working up a sudsy lather,


A.
B.
C.
D.

Joey found the hot shower especially refreshing after a long day of yard work in
the hot sun.
the hot shower was especially refreshing after a long day of yard work in the hot
sun.
the long day of yard work in the hot sun was washed away by the hot shower.
sweat and dirt washed away while Joey took a hot shower after the long day of
yard work.

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Parallel Structure Exercise 1


This handout accompanies Exercise 1 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Determine whether the sentences below contain errors in parallel structure. Fix any
problems that you find.
1. Monica brewed espresso, steamed milk, and told jokes as she prepared Mikes latte.
2. Natasha tried holding her breath, chewing a piece of gum, and poking her belly, but she could not
quiet her empty stomach, which rumbled during the chemistry exam.
3. In the restroom, Tishena was brushing her hair, freshened her lip-gloss, and took deep breaths,
trying to work up the courage to walk to her first speech class.
4. Celine looked behind the toilet, in the laundry basket, and checked under the bed, but she could
not find Squeeze, her nine-foot albino python.
5. Not only did Dennis apply an extra layer of deodorant to his armpits, but he also polished each
tooth with special care. He did not want to offend Malinda with any unpleasant odors.
6. For his first date with Malinda, Dennis bought not only a dozen roses but he also purchased a
box of chocolates.
7. Not only did Malinda squeal at the sight of the beautiful bouquet, but she also was tearing open
the box and eating chocolates all the way to the restaurant.
8. Dennis tried to be thoughtful and generous, yet Malinda refused to give him not only a kiss good
night but also a single chocolate from the nut and caramel sampler.
9. Chelsea had to paddle past a school of jellyfish, kick a small sand shark in the nose, and
untangle seaweed from her surfboard before she reached her favorite point break.
10. Spiders that bite, hissing snakes, and squealing rodents fill the aquariums in Desmonds
basement.
11. Class with Dr. Rogers was a nightmare: the clock seemed stuck in place, the air conditioner blew
inadequate cool, and a fluorescent bulb buzzed overhead.

12. Ernie is too noisy as a seatmate. Crunching on apple slices, slurping hot coffee, and the rings of
his notebook snapped open and shut all contribute to the cacophony.
13. Neither the scowls from her neighbors nor the disapproval of her husband will deter Larissa from
painting her house hot pink with orange and white trim.
14. Larissa will either add a flock of plastic pink flamingos, or she will purchase a family of ceramic
gnomes for the front lawn.
15. Until the Weavers arrived home at 5 p.m., the clock ticked, the refrigerator hummed, and the dog
snoring in the otherwise quiet house.
16. Jessica has found that neither background music nor potato chips make writing her research
essay any easier.
17. Mark looked under the bed, in the hamper, and he even searched his brothers closet, but he
could not find his favorite University of Florida T-shirt.
18. After you eat tuna salad from the campus cafeteria, not only will your stomach rumble, but you
will also sneeze for hours from the generous addition of MSG.
19. Natalia blinked her eyes, she wiped her glasses, and then squinted at the screen, but she could
not decipher the small text crammed onto the presentation slide.
20. Neither the unhappy man with the cold soup nor the irate woman with an empty glass of iced tea
could get Glorias attention, for this waitress was too busy flirting with Jose.

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Parallel Structure Exercise 2


This handout accompanies Exercise 2 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Determine whether the sentences below contain errors in parallel structure. Fix any
problems that you find.
1. Pancakes dripping with syrup, coffee steaming in big mugs, and bacon frying on the stove make
breakfast at Grandmas house a real treat.
2. LeRon scowled at Professor Nguyen, was muttering under his breath, and sighed heavily, but in
truth he loved taking algebra exams.
3. Skipping the directions, hurrying to finish first, and neglecting to recheck her work have caused
Claudia to fail every calculus exam this semester.
4. At the family reunion, we ate Grandmas barbecued ribs, Aunt Sallys potato salad, and heaping
plates of jiggling banana Jell-O prepared by Cousin Sue.
5. Claude glanced at his watch, took a last sip of coffee, and began his trek to Dr. Graysons threehour snooze fest on the French Revolution.
6. Vacuuming under the furniture, dusting the ceiling fans, and scrubbing the tile grout with a
toothbrush, Jerry prepared the house for his ultra-picky mother-in-law.
7. The sky grew pink, seagulls began to cry, and waves rolled onshore as Diane took her morning
stroll on the beach.
8. During the exam, Mary sucked the ends of her hair, chewed the top of her pencil, and all the
while she was picking at a scab on her elbow, but she could not remember the third cause of the
French Revolution.
9. Solita has packed an orange soda not only for herself but also Josh.
10. Josh neglected not only to thank Solita, but he also gave a sip of orange soda to Reva, Solita's
rival.
11. Reva not only drank from the bottle of orange soda but also got hot pink lipstick on the rim.

12. Josh thinks Annie is the most beautiful woman in Springfield, so he has no interest in dating
either Solita or going out with Reva.
13. Frances searched the car trunk, on the pantry shelves, and the top of the refrigerator, but she
could not find the box of cornflakes she remembered buying.
14. Waves that crash against the shore, chanting monks, and chirping birds are the sound files
Wendell enjoys on his iPod.
15. Filled with holiday spirit, Ximena bought a Christmas present not only for her boyfriend Andre but
also for his obnoxious younger brother Pierre.
16. Eli held the phone on his lap, trying to work up the courage to call the beautiful Leodine. All the
while, his foot jiggled, his nostrils flared, and sweat was collecting on his upper lip.
17. On school mornings, Rachel can sleep through anything, even with the alarm clock buzzing or
when Mom bangs on the bedroom door.
18. On vacation, Patrick can trust neither his roommates nor the veterinary staff with Squeeze, his 9foot albino python, so he hides his beloved reptile in a suitcase and sneaks him into hotel rooms.
19. While Patrick is sightseeing, Squeeze will either find a patch of sunlight under a window or he will
curl up under a table lamp.
20. Squeeze shocked neither the maid who cleaned the room nor the valet who brought room
service.

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Parallel Structure Exercise 3


This handout accompanies Exercise 3 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Choose the option that maintains parallel structure in the sentence.
1. When Delores realized that her father had made lima beans and rice for dinner, she __________,
claimed to feel nauseous, and excused herself from the table. The bag of stale popcorn in her
room would tide her over until breakfast.
A. clutched her stomach
B. was clutching her stomach
C. did clutch her stomach
2. Not only did Hank despise the way June chewed with her mouth open, _________ finding her
wet towels all over the bathroom floor.
A. but also disliked
B. but also disliking
C. but he also disliked
3. To protect her delicate hands, Fran will not rake the yard, do the dishes, or __________.
A. refuses to scrub the bathtub
B. won't scrub the bathtub
C. scrub the bathtub
4. When Diane takes her beagle for a walk, Santana enjoys sniffing for edible garbage,
__________, and lunging at squirrels.
A. howls at bicyclists
B. howling at bicyclists
C. she howls at bicyclists
5. After Amanda cashes her paycheck, the money goes to her savings account, cappuccino fund,
and __________.
A. paying her credit card bill
B. toward her credit card balance
C. credit card balance
6. In preparation for her run, Alicia __________, applied sunscreen, and increased the volume on
her iPod.
A. tightened her shoelaces
B. was tightening her shoelaces
C. did tighten her shoelaces

7. We searched the car trunk, __________, and the top of the refrigerator, but we could not find
the box of cornflakes that we remember buying.
A. looked on the pantry shelves
B. on the pantry shelves
C. the pantry shelves
8. Bonkers, our ninety pound golden retriever, chews on furniture, __________, and snots up the
car windowsinconveniences we didn't anticipate when we adopted him.
A. would drag us around the neighborhood during walks
B. he drags us around the neighborhood during walks
C. drags us around the neighborhood during walks
9. Belinda saw very little of the horror movie, for she shut her eyes __________, when she heard
the monster's footsteps in the dead leaves, and when characters started screaming.
A. when the violins began to play
B. while listening to the violins play
C. during the violin music
10. In Mrs. Curall's office, Ruben feigned the flu. He hoped to be excused from class, get an
extension on his paper, and __________.
A. spend the afternoon playing tennis with his friends
B. to spend the afternoon playing tennis with his friends
C. then to spend the afternoon playing tennis with his friends
11. Carlos not only missed his one-year anniversary with Adrianna __________.
A. but he also forgot his mother's birthday
B. but also forgot his mother's birthday
C. but also forgetting his mother's birthday
12. Teresa was expecting a visit from her mother, so she spent the day cleaning the shelves of the
refrigerator, scrubbing mold from the bathroom tile grout, and __________.
A. she removed dog hair from the sofa cushions
B. removing dog hair from the sofa cushions
C. removed dog hair from the sofa cushions
13. When Noodle the poodle realized that the leash meant a bath, not a walk to the park, he
growled, pulled, and __________.
A. was leaping like a fish on a line
B. he was leaping like a fish on a line
C. leaped like a fish on a line
14. With the humans out of the house, Skeeter had to decide either to shred a roll of toilet paper or
__________.
A. chew another hole in the sofa arm
B. chewing another hole in the sofa arm
C. if he wanted to chew another hole in the sofa arm

15. Neither __________ nor the ineffective air conditioner rattling in the window will deter Tiffany
from loving the freedom of her first apartment.
A. when the inconsiderate neighbors played loud music
B. the inconsiderate neighbors playing loud music
C. playing loud music by the inconsiderate neighbors
16. We looked everywhere for the car keysunder the sofa cushions, __________, and on the
counters and tabletops. All along, Andrew had them in the front pocket of his jeans!
A. our search included the trash can
B. searching for them in the trash can
C. in the trash can
17. Laura and Diane bang on Boen's door when they need heavy furniture moved, after they have
clogged the garbage disposal, and __________.
A. having discovered a spider in the bathtub
B. upon the discovery of a spider in the bathtub
C. if they find a spider in the bathtub
18. Bathing Noodle, our poodle, requires four arms to hold him in the tub, towels to mop up the
water, and __________.
A. raincoats which will keep us dry
B. raincoats to keep us dry
C. raincoats as protection against the oncoming deluge
19. We hate having dinner at Aunt Ida's house because she is a vegan health nut. Baked tofu,
__________, and decaffeinated tea do not make a satisfying meal!
A. vegetables steamed with no oil or seasoning
B. steamed vegetables
C. vegetables that are flavorless
20. Tonia kicked the back of Vincents desk, __________, and poked his arm with her sharp pencil,
but he would not bend to the side so that she could get a glimpse of his quiz answers.
A. blew on his neck
B. she blew on his neck
C. blowing on his neck

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Parallel Structure Exercise 4


This handout accompanies Exercise 4 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Choose the option that maintains parallel structure in the sentence.
1. Ironing a clean shirt, __________, and buying a pack of gum for fresh breath were the tasks
Aaron completed before the first day of spring semester.
A. the printout of a course schedule
B. printing a course schedule
C. making sure that he had printed a course schedule
2. Stuart wiggled his foot, drummed a Jimi Hendrix riff with his pencil, and __________, but he
could not burn off the caffeine-induced energy from an extra large cup of coffee.
A. chewed a mouthful of gum
B. was chewing a mouthful of gum
C. his jaw worked a mouthful of gum
3. The blonde who sucked the ends of her hair, the athlete who blinked nervously, and __________
would not share their algebra homework with Jake.
A. the rebel slouching in his seat
B. the slouching rebel
C. the rebel who slouched in his seat
4. __________, no recognition for her skills, and a dislike for the polyester uniform made Kelsey
quit the ping-pong team.
A. Because she was frustrated with the coach
B. Frustration with the coach
C. Having become frustrated with the coach
5. The hike through the canyon exhausted Kim. The steep incline made her thigh muscles throb,
__________, and the relentless sun burned her skin.
A. the heavy pack caused her shoulders to ache
B. aching shoulders from the heavy pack
C. shoulders that ached from the heavy pack
6. Instead of finishing her chemistry homework, Terry wanted to spend her birthday money at the
mall, __________, and eat pizza in the food court.
A. see a movie at the theater
B. she planned to see a movie at the theater
C. planning to see a movie at the theater

7. Because Alex is always flirting with Becky, Bridgette will neither lend him an eraser nor
__________.
A. will she let him peek at her score sheet
B. let him peek at her score sheet
C. agreeing to let him peek at her score sheet
8. Mrs. Martin, the hiring manager, explained that she would consider an interview if Lester
remembered to wear shoes, comb the crumbs out of his beard, and __________.
A. replace the shark-tooth necklace with a tie
B. he needed a tie, not a shark-tooth necklace
C. she wanted to see a tie, not a shark-tooth necklace, around his throat
9. After no rabbit popped out of the hat, Lori decided she had neither the patience nor
__________ to tolerate another of Darren's poorly performed magic tricks.
A. the good humor
B. did she have the good humor
C. the ability to muster the good humor
10. Elizabeth wanted to enjoy the plate of nachos that she and Jared shared, but she worried about
black beans sticking to her teeth, cheese dripping from her chin, and __________.
A. the possibility that chip crumbs might catapult from her mouth
B. whether or not chip crumbs would catapult from her mouth
C. chip crumbs catapulting from her mouth
11. Neither the carrots rotting in the bottom bin nor __________ will make a suitable side for the
chicken you are planning to bake for dinner.
A. the broccoli that is crusting over with freezer burn
B. the broccoli which has crusted with freezer burn
C. the broccoli crusted with freezer burn
12. Horatio tickled the pads of Samson's feet, blew in his ears, and __________, but the ancient
German shepherd refused to leave the sofa for a walk in the rain.
A. she removed dog hair from the sofa cushions
B. removing dog hair from the sofa cushions
C. removed dog hair from the sofa cushions
13. While sitting in English class, Peterson wonders how Dr. Jones can speak so passionately
about comma splices, why she would spend her free evenings voluntarily reading
Shakespeare, and __________.
A. when she manages to have some real fun
B. does she ever have some real fun
C. ever having any real fun

14. __________, a dirty hamster cage, and a glass of old milk all contribute to the unbearable
stench emanating from Wilson's bedroom.
A. Gym socks that are smelly from sweat
B. Sweaty gym socks
C. Sweaty gym socks that smell
15. Natalya quietly unzipped her book bag, removed a bottle of pink polish, and __________ while
Dr. Adams droned on and on about the Mesopotamians.
A. began painting her fingernails
B. she began painting her fingernails
C. with utter disrespect, she began painting her fingernails
16. In a car, Wesley wants __________, a sound system that vibrates with booming bass, and a
style that attracts beautiful women.
A. an engine that roars with power
B. an engine roaring with power
C. a powerful engine
17. In a girlfriend, Wesley wants a shapely body, a smart head, and __________.
A. a wallet that is fat
B. a fat wallet
C. a fat wallet that is bursting with cash
18. In a home, Wesley wants windows showcasing the skyline of Los Angeles, steel and glass
furniture sparkling in the sunlight, and __________.
A. a Great Dane sleeping on the white shag carpeting
B. a Great Dane who sleeps on the white shag carpeting
C. a sleeping Great Dane on the white shag carpeting
19. In reality, Wesley has a bus pass, an Angelina Jolie poster, and __________ in the room he
shares with his brother.
A. sleeping in the bottom bunk
B. the bottom bunk
C. the bunk which is on the bottom
20. Everyone points to Jeannine as an example of an excellent student because she has

an attentive attitude, detailed class notes, and __________.


A. never is the one who yawns in class
B. a bright smile
C. the fact that she gets As on everything

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Parallel Structure Exercise 5


This handout accompanies Exercise 5 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Fill in the blanks with the additional information provided for each item. Be sure that you
maintain parallel structure.
1. Lenora flipped through her notebook, rummaged through her book bag, and
__________________________________________________, but she could not find Mark's
completed calculus homework which she had borrowed to copy.
Fill in the blank using the information below. Maintain parallel structure.
Lenora also went outside to search the backseat of her car.

2. Watching reruns of Battlestar Galactica, shopping for new shoes online, and
__________________________________________________ were the procrastination methods
Kendrick used to avoid starting his research essay.
Fill in the blank using the information below. Maintain parallel structure.
Kendrick also took the dog for a walk.

3. A basketball, a court, and __________________________________________________ are


Jordans three favorite things.
Fill in the blank using the information below. Maintain parallel structure.
Jordan also likes an aggressive, tall, fast opponent whose skills test Jordans own ball-handling
competence.

4. This year in karate class, Andrew hopes to master the high roundhouse kick,
__________________________________________________, and win all of his matches.
Fill in the blank using the information below. Maintain parallel structure.
Breaking a 2-inch board with his bare hands is another goal Andrew has.

5. Noodles swimming in butter, __________________________________________________, and


vegetables glistening with oil made Daisys dinner a caloric nightmare.
Fill in the blank using the information below. Maintain parallel structure.
In addition, Daisy drenched the steak in hollandaise sauce.

6. We love when Christina closes the coffee shop because the next morning we find shiny counters,
a clean floor, and __________________________________________________.
Fill in the blank using the information below. Maintain parallel structure.
Christina always fills the napkin dispensers.

7. Hawks, cats, and __________________________________________________ make raising


babies difficult for mother squirrels.
Fill in the blank using the information below. Maintain parallel structure.
Six-foot black snakes that crawl into the trees and raid the nests are another danger for the
squirrel pups.

8. Professor Hayden requires a pen, an exam book, and __________________________


________________________ at his midterm and final examinations.
Fill in the blank using the information below. Maintain parallel structure.
In addition, having a brain stuffed with accurate dates, full names, and other historical details will
help.

9. Ecstatic that Keisha had agreed to a date, Shaun opened the car door for her, let her choose the
restaurant, and __________________________________________________.
Fill in the blank using the information below. Maintain parallel structure.
In addition, he had no reservations paying for the expensive lobster dinner.

10. Gerald can not only charm a dragonfly to land on his finger but also ______________________
____________________________.
Fill in the blank using the information below. Maintain parallel structure.
Moreover, Gerald is good at coaxing the neighborhood cats to twine around his ankles.

11. After chewing the sofa arm, barking at strangers passing on the street, and
__________________________________________________, Rowdy curled up on Mirandas
new sweater and fell asleep.
Fill in the blank using the information below. Maintain parallel structure.
Rowdy also ate a roll of toilet paper.

12. Gurjeet tightened the shoelaces of his inline skates, adjusted his helmet, and
__________________________________________________ before pushing off down the
steep hill.
Fill in the blank using the information below. Maintain parallel structure.
Saying a little prayer is another of Gurjeet's rituals.

13. Miranda wants her dog to sit on command, stop chasing the cat, and ___________________
_______________________________, but Rowdy behaves as he pleases.
Fill in the blank using the information below. Maintain parallel structure.
Coming when he's called is another behavior Miranda would like to see Rowdy demonstrate.

14. Sylvias home is spotless. Every day she wipes down all surfaces, vacuums all floors, and
__________________________________________________.
Fill in the blank using the information below. Maintain parallel structure.
Dusting over one hundred ceramic squirrels is another chore Sylvia completes daily.

15. Ragged jeans, a torn T-shirt, and _________________________________________________


made Theodora reconsider her decision to go out with Tommy.
Fill in the blank using the information below. Maintain parallel structure.
Tommys sneakers were also dirty, which did not impress Theodora.

16. Charday crunched ice, clicked her pen, and ____________________________________


______________, but she could not solve the last problem of calculus homework.
Fill in the blank using the information below. Maintain parallel structure.
Shuffling through her notes was another strategy Charday tried to find the solution for the
problem.

17. Joshua remains asleep when thunderclaps shake the house, when commuter jets rumble
overhead, and __________________________________________________.
Fill in the blank using the information below. Maintain parallel structure.
Joshua can sleep even if his mother is yelling his name.

18. At the family reunion, Natasha sampled the homemade ice cream, Jasper ate a cheeseburger hot
off the grill, and __________________________________________________.
Fill in the blank using the information below. Maintain parallel structure.
A tall glass of lemonade was nursed by Lori.

19. Anthony smiled, __________________________________________________, and touched her


arm before asking to borrow a pencil for the twenty-third time.
Fill in the blank using the information below. Maintain parallel structure.
Anthony also gave Wanda a compliment about her necklace.

20. Either a bagel with peanut butter or _________________________________________________


makes a perfect breakfast for Fiona.
Fill in the blank using the information below. Maintain parallel structure.
Fiona also enjoys a chocolate-broccoli muffin with cream cheese frosting warmed in a microwave
and eaten off a sheet of paper towel.

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Parallel Structure Exercise 6


This handout accompanies Exercise 6 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Fill in the blanks with the additional information provided for each item. Be sure that you
maintain parallel structure.
1. A bathroom sink filled with hair, counter surfaces piled with paper and books, and
__________________________________________________ dissuaded Beverly from sharing
the apartment with Tina.
Fill in the blank using the information below. Maintain parallel structure.
In addition, Tina's refrigerator had shelves stuffed with moldy leftovers.

2. To make his weight class for the wrestling match, Bart sipped a diet soda, nibbled carrot sticks,
and __________________________________________________.
Fill in the blank using the information below. Maintain parallel structure.
Refusing Sam's offer of a slice of pizza was another strategy Bart used to lose weight.

3. The presence of a vampire, a space alien, or ________________________________


__________________ will make Noreen reject a movie.
Fill in the blank using the information below. Maintain parallel structure.
Noreen also refuses to watch any film that includes a zombie serial killer who is wielding a knife
or a chainsaw.

4. If we manage to pass our calculus class, we will celebrate by shouting, high-fiving, and
__________________________________________________.
Fill in the blank using the information below. Maintain parallel structure.
Moreover, we might dump a bucket of Gatorade over Professor Nguyen's head.

5. At the library, Francis hoped to complete his math homework, research Da Vinci for his
Renaissance art class, and __________________________________________________.
Fill in the blank using the information below. Maintain parallel structure.
Carving "Francis loves Dawn" in the wood table was another goal for the afternoon.

6. Mara always refuses Andre's offer to style her hair because she fears a bald head, an odd color,
and __________________________________________________.
Fill in the blank using the information below. Maintain parallel structure.
Mara also worries that Andre will make the ends of her hair frizzy.

7. Tardiness, absences, and __________________________________________________ are the


behaviors that have gotten Brendan in trouble with his boss, Mr. Powell.
Fill in the blank using the information below. Maintain parallel structure.
In addition, Mr. Powell is annoyed when Brendan shows disrespect to the customers and fellow
employees.

8. This semester, Sam hopes to pass Microbiology, not faint in his speech class, and
__________________________________________________.
Fill in the blank using the information below. Maintain parallel structure.
Convincing Gloria to go out with him is another goal that Sam hopes to meet.

9. Because Frank allowed Grumpy the bulldog in the apartment, Sandy kept her pet off the furniture,
bathed him regularly, and __________________________________________________.
Fill in the blank using the information below. Maintain parallel structure.
In addition, Sandy didn't mind vacuuming every day.

10. Keisha will not only share an extra pen with the handsome Jonathon but also
__________________________________________________.
Fill in the blank using the information below. Maintain parallel structure.
Moreover, if he asks, Keisha will give Jonathon some loose-leaf paper.

11. Our beagle Reliable is no protector; he hides under the bed while the washing machine spins, if
the fire alarm goes off, and __________________________________________________.
Fill in the blank using the information below. Maintain parallel structure.
The neighbors knocking at the door will also send Reliable running into the bedroom.

12. Crisp apple slices, crunchy carrot sticks, and ______________________________


____________________ were all ground to a pulp by Simone's hardworking molars.
Fill in the blank using the information below. Maintain parallel structure.
Simone also ate several green stalks of celery that were firm with freshness.

13. At the Halloween party, Patrick will either drape Squeeze, his nine-foot albino python, over his
shoulders or __________________________________________________.
Fill in the blank using the information below. Maintain parallel structure.
Dressing as a vampire is another costume option that Kenny is considering.

14. Before his solo in the church choir, Kurtis could feel his stomach churning, his knees knocking,
and __________________________________________________.
Fill in the blank using the information below. Maintain parallel structure.
Kurtis also felt his skin begin to sweat.

15. To keep our beagle Reliable from whimpering, sighing, and _________________________
_________________________, we put him outside during dinner.
Fill in the blank using the information below. Maintain parallel structure.
Moreover, Reliable drools a flood of saliva that hangs from his jowls and puddles on the floor.

16. Broken glasses, chipped dishes, and __________________________________


________________ are the reasons that we will no longer let Fernando wash the dishes after
dinner.
Fill in the blank using the information below. Maintain parallel structure.
In addition, we found the spoons still greasy from use.

17. Cookies stuffed with raisins, scones drizzled with orange glaze, and
__________________________________________________ called to Nicole from the pastry
case at the coffee shop.
Fill in the blank using the information below. Maintain parallel structure.
Nicole also desired the donuts that bakers had sprinkled with powdered sugar.

18. Chatting with the handsome trainer, socializing at the juice bar, and
__________________________________________________ are the strategies that Carla
employs to avoid sweating at the gym.
Fill in the blank using the information below. Maintain parallel structure.
Carla also primps in front of the restroom mirror, sometimes for fifteen minutes straight.

19. When she stepped out on her porch, Maud glared at the unraked lawn, weedy flower beds, and
__________________________________________________ that made up the Harringtons'
front yard.
Fill in the blank using the information below. Maintain parallel structure.
In addition, Maud disliked seeing the bushes that needed trimming.

20. Professor Hollister has three pet peeves: unstapled homework, bare feet, and
__________________________________________________.
Fill in the blank using the information below. Maintain parallel structure.
He also gets annoyed when students walk in late and disrupt his lecture.

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Pronoun Agreement Exercise 1


This handout accompanies Exercise 1 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: In the space provided, fix the underlined error.
______________1.

Nobody knows that eating chocolate-broccoli muffins is a good way to provide


their bodies with vitamin C.

______________2.

The troupe of knife jugglers shocked their audience when a butcher knife
accidentally decapitated the head of an old woman's poodle.

______________3.

Either the grill crew or the manager must give their permission for you to
return that half-eaten double cheeseburger.

______________4.

Both the computer monitor and the refrigerator door have its shiny surface
smeared with dog snot from our curious puppy Oreo.

______________5.

Which member of your track team makes their opponents resemble turtles
trying to compete with a hare?

______________6.

The catering committee for the Halloween dance received many compliments
for their squid eyeball stew.

______________7.

The new and improved laundry detergent restored Hectors mud-stained pants
to its original condition.

______________8.

After feeding several quarters into the gumball machine, a person learns that
they have little chance of receiving the miniature camera in the display.

______________9.

Mrs. Carson, like every other American literature teacher, has their own
interpretation of the symbols in Moby-Dick.

______________10. Every puppy and kitten will cry at night until their owner comes to carry it to
bed.
______________11. My grandmother, as well as too many other Americans, believes every word
they read in the National Enquirer.
______________12. If anyone wishes to try one of Louise's famous fudge-stuffed mushrooms, they
had better hurry before the guests devour all of these delicious treats.

______________13. Each of these computers has their own technical glitch that can frustrate the
user.
______________14. If Titos Taco Palace continues to increase their prices, Samantha won't be
able to afford the cheapest lunch burrito.
______________ 15. Titos Taco Palace stuffs their tortillas with many unusual items; for example,
you can order peanut butter and octopus burritos or tarantula and mango
tacos.
______________16. Every neighbor on my street looked up in surprise as the giant spaceship
descended from the sky and hovered above their heads.
______________ 17. Someone in the apartment needs to remember to buy shampoo unless
everyone wants to wash their hair tomorrow morning with dish soap.
______________ 18. Neither Floyd the dog nor Madisons three cats enjoy sleeping on the hard,
cold floor when he can jump onto the soft, warm bed as soon as she leaves for
work.
______________ 19. These two young men will not pass the final exam in Fundamentals of Biology
because he has spent the semester flirting with the pretty Josephine instead of
listening to Dr. Shuman.
______________ 20. Not only the crickets but also a frog chirped outside David's window for so long
last night that they kept the poor boy from getting any rest before his important
pronoun agreement quiz.

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Pronoun Agreement Exercise 2


This handout accompanies Exercise 2 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: In the space provided, fix the underlined error.
______________1.

Everyone knows that they will suffer indigestion after eating a chocolatebroccoli muffin.

______________2.

After accidentally decapitating the old woman's poodle, the knife jugglers
jumped into its van and sped away.

______________3.

Neither the crew members nor the manager will open their register to refund
your money for that half-eaten hamburger.

______________4.

Fingerprints and dog snot dull both the computer monitor and refrigerator door,
so we better clean it before Grandma comes for dinner.

______________5.

That runner on the track team always wins races because they have no fear
of leaving some skin on the pavement.

______________6.

The catering committee did not care that their squid eyeball stew made
everyone at the Halloween dance violently ill.

______________7.

The new and improved laundry detergent uses their special powers to clean
the chocolate sauce from Cheryls new skirt.

______________8.

A person who eats too many jawbreakers risks loosening their fillings and
chipping his teeth.

______________9.

Mr. Smith, like Beverly and Jeremiah, has decided to spend their lunch break
eating pepperoni pizza at the campus cafeteria.

_____________10.

With the right training, every puppy and kitten eventually learns not to urinate
on their owner's floor.

_____________11.

My grandmother, as well as many other older women, believes that they


should wait until a man calls her, rather than calling the man first.

_____________12.

If anyone needs Pepto Bismol after eating a fudge-stuffed mushroom, they


should rush to the bathroom before the entire bottle is gone.

____________ 13.

The boss rambled for forty-five long minutes before he finally sat down and
shut up. Everyone in the room wished that they had bought a cup of coffee
before coming to the meeting.

____________ 14.

So boring was the lecture that Cindy focused solely on her professor's moving
hands; it jumped and twitched like electrified spiders on the surface of the
podium.

____________ 15.

Every piece of Debras jewelry glittered in the light; they gave the impression
that Debra had been dipped in gold.

____________ 16.

Each of Mike's ties has such a colorful psychedelic pattern that they
hypnotize the people who see it.

____________ 17.

The committee made a unanimous decision to use their bake sale funds to
buy plane tickets to Hawaii instead of new uniforms for the band members.

____________ 18.

Eli needed scissors to cut through the thick mailing tape that wrapped the box
of chocolate-covered ants sent from Mom, but he couldn't find it anywhere.

____________ 19.

Neither Oreo, my dog, nor Blaze and Chance, my cousins, will give up his
cookie, even if I ask politely.

____________ 20.

The faculty believes that their mission is to prepare students to be good


citizens as well as good employees.

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Pronoun Agreement Exercise 3


This handout accompanies Exercise 3 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: In the space provided, fix the underlined error.
______________1.

If everyone picked up a single piece of litter every day, they would discover that
the planet would become a much cleaner place.

______________2.

The Committee of Victorious Vegetarians picketed the cafeteria so that they


could protest the cruel and unusual treatment of plant matter by the cooks.

______________3.

Not only the city council members but also the mayor donated their lunch
money to a downtown shelter for World Hunger Day.

______________4.

My thirty-six-year-old brother still prizes a squirrel skull and a cigar box full of
baseball cards because it is a relic from his happy childhood.

______________5.

While they were watching the Battle of the Bands, Mark and Pedro made bets
on which musician of Nuclear Toasters would trash their guitar first.

______________6.

When a tornado appeared on the horizon, the family agreed that they would
have to postpone the picnic.

______________7.

Jenny almost stabbed her husband Bill with the $150 sewing scissors because
he had used it to cut roofing shingles.

______________8.

Before a person adopts a big, hairy dog, they need to consider the amount of
time spent vacuuming the floors.

______________9.

Captain Kirk, as well as the other bridge crew, denied that they had dented the
right thruster of the Enterprise while buzzing a Romulan outpost.

______________10. Every student, professor, librarian, groundskeeper, secretary, and coach


cheered their approval when the cafeteria staff agreed to treat vegetables
more kindly.
______________11. My friend Eric, like too many students in our Basic Spanish class, believes that
they don't need to learn a foreign language.

______________12. If a person wants to eat healthy fast food, they should try Titos Taco Palace
because it generously provides at least four ounces of high-protein insects in
every tortilla.
______________13. Neither of those two surfers realizes their dangling arms and splashing legs
are captivating a hungry shark cruising under the waves.
______________14. Either Ryan or his brothers will give his socks to a complete stranger
complaining about blisters.
______________15. Each pig, chicken, goose, and rabbit breathed a sigh of relief and wiped the
proverbial sweat from their brows when Farmer Jackson grabbed a rake
instead of the butchering hatchet.
______________16. My friends would argue less if everyone kept opinions about basketball, music,
and women to themselves.
______________17. After closing the restaurant, the pizzeria staff drove home, fell into its bed, and
dreamed about things as diverse as Corvettes, poodles, and skies full of
spinning pepperoni slices.
______________18. Bernies Burger Emporium claims that their burgers are low fat, but the
optional condiments I need to make the dry patties palatable add plenty of
calories.
______________19. Not only the cats but also Jasper the dog believes that the bed is theirs, and
humans are permitted to sleep on it only because they warm the mattress.
______________20. When classes begin this year, Edgewater High School will allow their students
to have piercings only in their ears.

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Pronoun Agreement Exercise 4


This handout accompanies Exercise 4 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: In the space provided, fix the underlined error.
______________1.

If every student writes the required 6,000 words for the research essay, they
will keep poor Prof. OBrien busy grading papers until the end of the semester.

______________2.

My weird neighbors believe that the Loch Ness Monster ate Elvis, but he or she
disagrees that space aliens have kidnapped the brain of the President.

______________3.

During away games, neither the basketball players nor Coach Jones can get
their beauty sleep because the college vans bounce along on bad shock
absorbers.

______________4.

Both the living room furniture and the kitchen counter have its surface scarred
from cigarettes that my chain-smoking Aunt Mary carelessly put down.

______________5.

Watching the new recruits marching in the hot sun, the two drill sergeants made
bets on which soldier would be the first to vomit their lunch during the strenuous
exercise.

______________6.

When the earthquake shook everyone awake, the family dashed outside without
worrying about their possessions in the house.

______________7.

After using the scissors to trim a loose thread on his new suit, Marvin left it on the
couch where his mother later stabbed her thigh on the sharp points.

______________8.

Before a person buys a car with a V-8 engine, they need to think about the
frequent trips to the gas pump to fill the tank.

______________9.

A crew member on the Enterprise learns never to make bald jokes in front of
Captain Picard, for he will make them scrub all fifty transporter pads with a
toothbrush.

_____________10.

All of the clowns, acrobats, animal trainers, and audience members gasped in
horror when he or she saw the knife juggler accidentally slice off his own hand
with a chainsaw.

_____________11.

Both of my sisters believe that Mom and Dad love our brother Fred more than
her.

_____________12.

If students want to do well on the pronoun agreement quiz, he or she should


have faithfully studied all of the rules governing agreement.

_____________13.

The nursing program at the college can boast that their students often have a
100 percent pass rate on the state boards.

_____________14.

Each of these NFL players will tell you about a game when they played despite
a pulled muscle, injured knee, or cracked rib.

_____________15.

The citys marine aquarium spends thousands of dollars a day to feed their
animals fresh fish, crustaceans, and seaweed flown in from around the world.

_____________16.

The class members brought his or her heavy textbooks only to discover that
an amiable substitute teacher was showing a movie that required no notetaking.

_____________17.

After complaining about aching backs, the class enjoyed their day of respite
from old Mr. Matthews and his nonstop lecturing.

_____________18.

Not only the customers but also the cashier ran for the door when they saw the
giant green Martian walk into the diner.

_____________19.

Neither the raw oysters nor the crispy fried squid tentacles appeal to Christine,
who would never consider letting it touch her lips.

_____________20.

At the neighborhood grocery store, all the cashiers, shoppers, and managers
held his or her breath as a circus ringmaster led a baby elephant down the
snack aisle to buy peanuts.

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Pronoun Agreement Exercise 5


This handout accompanies Exercise 5 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Choose the option that corrects an error in the underlined portion(s). If no error exists,
choose No change is necessary.
1.

If everyone thoughtfully used turn signals, they would find that their daily commute required
A
B
C
less honking, cursing, and fist shaking.
A.
B.
C.
D.

2.

Before students bite into a cafeteria sandwich, they should lift the bun and check for
caterpillars in the lettuce.
A.
B.
C.
D.

3.

he
she
he or she
No change is necessary.

When swimmers ignore the instructions of lifeguards, they might drown, get stung by
A
B
jellyfish, or have his or her legs chewed off by hungry sharks.
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

4.

drivers
he or she
his or her
No change is necessary.

a swimmer
he or she
their
No change is necessary.

Not only the attorneys but also the judge rolled their eyes in disbelief when Larry claimed that
Fluff-Ball, the family poodle, ordered him to rob a bank.
A.
B.
C.
D.

his or her
her
its
No change is necessary.

5.

The class voted unanimously to write one long research paper instead of several short
essays for its final grade. But once the difficult projects began, some students wished that
A
they could change their minds.
B
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

6.

The team agreed that their strategy of fair play was ineffective against the constantly
cheating Tyson High Tigers.
A.
B.
C.
D.

7.

their shine
their tread
its
No change is necessary.

Neither of my best friends believes that death is a reality for them. During the weekend, these
A
two buddies spend their time jumping out of airplanes, never worrying that their parachutes
B
C
might not open.
A.
B.
C.
D.

9.

his
his or her
its
No change is necessary.

All of the car's paint has lost its shine, and most of the tires have lost its tread. Some of
A
B
the engine components, however, can still perform their job.
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

8.

their
he or she
his or her
No change is necessary.

him
his time
his parachute
No change is necessary.

Someone needs to move their car out of Glorias parking spot immediately; otherwise a tow
A
truck will happily move his vehicle for him.
B
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

his
their
them
No change is necessary.

10.

Tony refuses to eat at Bernies Burger Emporium because their onions make his breath stink
so badly that his girlfriend won't kiss him for three days.
A.
B.
C.
D.

11.

Everyone should dissect a frog for Dr. Wright because the extra credit points will help them
A
B
improve their averages at the end of the semester.
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

12.

he or she
she
it
No change is necessary.

Both Diane and her cat, Big Toe Joe, take her or his afternoon naps under the green quilt on
the living room sofa.
A.
B.
C.
D.

14.

Biology students
him or her
his or her
No change is necessary.

During the pep rally, not only the cheerleaders but also Dr. Stover, the principal, shouted as
loudly as they could to inspire the basketball team to win.
A.
B.
C.
D.

13.

his
his or her
its
No change is necessary.

his
its
their
No change is necessary.

At Antonio's Restaurant, every waiter wanted to take a break after he had taken care of his
A
B
guests, but all of the managers wanted them to take a break at strictly scheduled times.
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

they
their
the waiters
No change is necessary.

15.

Aunt Louisas barking Chihuahuas so startled poor Carolina, who was sound asleep on the
living room sofa, that she threw a book at it.
A.
B.
C.
D.

16.

Yesterday when Amir was in his calculus class, Samantha's snoring and Beverly's bubble
gum smacking were so loud that they distracted him from Dr. Armour's lecture.
A.
B.
C.
D.

17.

his
his or her
its
No change is necessary.

An explosive crash made every patron, server, hostess, and manager turn his or her head in
A
Isaiah's direction. They could not believe how red the poor boy turned as he stood amid the
B
C
pile of dish fragments.
A.
B.
C.
D.

19.

he
she
he or she
No change is necessary.

In Jack's kitchen, each cup, plate, bowl, and glass has their rim chipped by careless
dishwashing.
A.
B.
C.
D.

18.

them
her
him or her
No change is necessary.

their
These people
it
No change is necessary.

Leroy bought new jeans at the mall for two reasons: they had a great sale, and the
A
saleswoman told him that she thought he had a cute butt.
B
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

the store had


told it
it had
No change is necessary.

20.

Melissa washed her new pants because they had gotten muddy in the rain.
A
Unfortunately, the hot water shrank the cotton fabric, so Melissa found scissors and
used it to cut the pants into shorts. These shorts became her favorite pair because
B
they showed off her beautiful legs.
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

it had
them
it showed
No change is necessary.

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Pronoun Case Exercise 1: I, Me, My, Mine, and Myself


This handout accompanies Exercise 1 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Fill in the blanks with the appropriate choicesI, me, my, mine, or myself.
1.

To complete our Egyptian mummy costumes, Lou Ellen and __________ bought a 12 pack of
toilet paper.
A.
B.
C.

2.

It was __________ who ate your leftover slices of pepperoni pizza.


A.
B.
C.

3.

I
me
myself

Thats not what happened! It was __________ who shoved straws up my nose and began
barking like a walrus!
A.
B.
C.

5.

I
me
myself

Grandma asked my brother and __________ to buy cherry cough drops while we were at the
drugstore.
A.
B.
C.

4.

I
me
myself

I
me
myself

When I was a child, Grandpa was unhappy with __________ excavating his rose garden in
the hopes of finding dinosaur bones.
A.
B.
C.

me
my
myself

6.

Dont ask Josephine for her sloppy and ill-prepared homework! It is __________ who can
give you all of the correct answers to Mr. Nguyens calculus homework.
A.
B.
C.

7.

In his sternest voice, Professor Cohen told Matthew and __________ that he wanted to see
us after class.
A.
B.
C.

8.

I
me
myself

I admit that I ate your last two eggs. Consider it payback for __________ finding an empty
cereal box and milk carton this morning.
A.
B.
C.

11.

mine
mines

Our boss called both Shane and __________, hoping that we would work an extra shift that
evening. When we saw the number on caller ID, we decided not to answer.
A.
B.
C.

10.

I
me
myself

When Richard started eating my French fries, I pulled the plate closer and told him they were
all __________.
A.
B.

9.

I
me
myself

me
my
myself

If you must have anchovies, order your own pie. Loretta and __________ prefer plain cheese
pizza.
A.
B.
C.

I
me
myself

12.

It is important to Julie and __________ that Dad offers a vegetarian alternative to the pork
fest that is his current menu for the family reunion picnic.
A.
B.
C.

13.

Dont drag me into the argument! __________ choosing one side over the other will just
make everyone mad at me!
A.
B.
C.

14.

Mine
Mines

Just between you and __________, Selena should dump Fred the nose picker and date that
cute track star in our chemistry class.
A.
B.
C.

17.

I
me
myself

Judi brought a tray of perfect cupcakes to the bake sale. __________, on the other hand,
were lopsided with drippy frosting and stale sprinkles.
A.
B.

16.

me
my
myself

Although Dr. Grayson shot us several stern looks, Tawana and __________ continued
knitting during the boring lecture on the French Revolution.
A.
B.
C.

15.

I
me
myself

I
me
myself

If you dont like __________ criticizing your sappy poetry, then dont ask for an honest
opinion!
A.
B.
C.

me
my
myself

18.

On our afternoon walk at the lake, __________ met Jake, a bloodhound with droolsicles
dripping from his jowls.
A.
B.
C.

19.

We dont care if you feel superior eating a healthy spinach salad for lunch. __________ are
happier splitting this sausage and mushroom pizza.
A.
B.
C.

20.

me and Oreo
Oreo and I
Oreo and myself

Me and Waldo
Waldo and I
Waldo and myself

The crackle from the cellophane bag gave away __________ position in the auditorium. We
stopped chewing the popcorn, hoping Professor Wright didnt notice that we were breaking
his no food policy.
A.
B.
C.

Freds and my
Me and Freds
Myself and Freds

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Pronoun Case Exercise 2: She , Her , and Hers


This handout accompanies Exercise 2 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Fill in the blanks with the appropriate choicesshe, her, or hers.
1.

See that young lady smacking her lips? It might have been __________ who stole your jelly
donut.
A.
B.

2.

Clarisse shrugged her shoulders and shook her head. Neither __________ nor Jermaine knew
the answer to question 5 on the quiz.
A.
B.

3.

she
her

Mom comes from a family of strict disciplinarians, so always say please and thank you around
Aunt Nancy and __________ if you dont want your earlobe twisted.
A.
B.

6.

hers
hers
hers

Kendra has a car. Perhaps __________ and Ruth can run to the fish market for some fresh
octopus tentacles.
A.
B.

5.

she
her

Kettias favorite color is peach, so Id guess that this pretty orange sweater is __________.
A.
B.
C.

4.

she
her

she
her

Dont set the platter of fried chicken in front of Amber and __________! Both of those young
women are vegetarians and gag at the sight of meat!
A.
B.

she
her

7.

My dog Oreo loves to rip paper. __________ and the cat have a system; Buster bats the mail to
the floor where Oreo shreds it.
A.
B.

8.

I didnt spill that coffee on your essay! It was __________, that blonde sipping the cappuccino
and flirting with Carlos.
A.
B.

9.

hers
hers
hers

Please pass these four quarters to Yolanda and __________. Last week they lent me a dollar,
and I want to pay them back.
A.
B.

14.

she
her

Only one swimmer is left in the pool, so these size 14 shoes must be __________.
A.
B.
C.

13.

She and Brianna


Brianna and her

Give Lisa your homework to check. It is __________ who knows all of the complicated rules that
govern pronoun case.
A.
B.

12.

hers
hers
hers

Sharon is addicted to romance novels. __________ trade the cheap paperbacks as fast as they
can consume them.
A.
B.

11.

she
her

Theodora has hair that flows down her back, so maybe that 12-inch strand stuck in your tuna
fish is __________.
A.
B.
C.

10.

She
Her

she
her

Tonya sighed in irritation. Either __________ or Marie would have to cover Toms hours if he
didnt show up to work soon.
A.
B.

she
her

15.

Mildred turned her back as soon as the door opened. We believe that __________ will never
mend their friendship.
A.
B.

16.

Keisha is a real slob, so Ill bet the crusty pot in the sink is __________.
A.
B.
C.

17.

she
her

Mrs. Watson has adopted several stray cats, so maybe that orange tomcat is __________.
A.
B.
C.

20.

she
her

Mrs. Redmond is a stickler about grammar. Wesley will have to watch what he says around
Grandma and __________ if he doesnt want a 30-minute pronoun lesson in the living room.
A.
B.

19.

hers
hers
hers

The stranger wore a heavy fleece hoody. Carl squeezed in between __________ and Salina,
who had a cushy down jacket, because his thin cotton shirt offered no protection from the falls
first cold snap.
A.
B.

18.

she and Leanne


Leanne and her

hers
hers
hers

Vivian slurped the piping hot soup. Not only __________ but also the other guests will be
shocked to learn that Mark used frog tongues, not clams, as the meat for the chowder.
A.
B.

she
her

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Pronoun Case Exercise 3: He , Him , His , and Himself


This handout accompanies Exercise 3 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Fill in the blanks with the appropriate choiceshe, him, his, or himself.
1.

Dont bother offering to help Dwayne with that heavy branch. He insists on dragging it to the
road __________.
A.
B.
C.

2.

Marcus cant wait two hours for a sugar fix, so we assume that the candy wrapper on the
classroom floor is __________.
A.
B.
C.

3.

him
his

Emilio loves American football. At the dinner table, __________ argue whether football or
soccer requires more skill.
A.
B.
C.

5.

his
his
hiss

Brianna shot Nate a dirty look across the restaurant table. She found __________ slurping the
squid eyeball stew rude and embarrassing.
A.
B.

4.

himself
hisself
his self

he and his father


his father and him
his father and himself

Jacob is a computer geek too! Ask either Stephanie or __________ to help us bypass this
security software.
A. he
B. him
C. himself

6.

The driver in front slammed on his brakes for no reason and sat in the middle of the road.
Jasmine waved an angry fist at his passenger and __________ as she drove around.
A.
B.
C.

7.

Sergei is so tall that you dont want to sit behind Lori and __________ at the movies. Youll be
craning to see the screen the entire film!
A.
B.
C.

8.

he
him
himself

Tyrone is a terrible housekeeper, so that heap of sweaty gym clothes is probably __________.
A.
B.
C.

11.

he
him
himself

If you buy a mocha latte at the caf, order it from Mark. It is __________ who will spray an
avalanche of whipped cream onto the finished drink.
A.
B.
C.

10.

he
him
himself

Ruths brother has muscles bursting out of his shirt sleeves. Ask __________ and his friend if
they will help us load this sofa onto the truck.
A.
B.
C.

9.

he
him
himself

his
his
hiss

As Madison waited for the veterinarian, she hugged Jack, her new puppy. __________
squirming covered her white sweater in black hair.
A.
B.

him
his

12.

David is always well prepared for a quiz. Either __________ or Melissa, another excellent
student, will have a #2 pencil that you can borrow.
A.
B.
C.

13.

With both feet planted on the floor, Wesley could still reach the lightbulb in the kitchen ceiling. I
wish I were as tall as __________!
A.
B.

14.

he
him
himself

Kelvin has so much hair that he must buy a new bottle of shampoo every week. I wouldnt want
to have as much hair as __________.
A.
B.

17.

himself
hisself
his self

Cameron has a problem with punctuality. Neither __________ nor his roommate Jeb remember
to get the rent check to the landlord on the first of the month.
A.
B.
C.

16.

he
him

We offered to help Gregory frost the six dozen cupcakes. Even though he was behind schedule,
he insisted on finishing the work __________.
A.
B.
C.

15.

he
him
himself

he
him

Jessica hated her upstairs neighbor. __________ stomping in the apartment above at 3 a.m.
made uninterrupted sleep impossible.
A.
B.

him
his

18.

That man over there was lurking near the coat rack. It might have been __________ who stole
the bag of pretzels from your jacket pocket!
A.
B.
C.

19.

If you want to find the missing issue to your Swamp Thing collection, ask Frank for help.
__________ are masters of online auctions and will get you the best price.
A.
B.
C.

20.

he
him
himself

He and his brother


His brother and him
His brother and himself

See that young man with the ponytail? Give this glass of lemonade to __________. He
volunteered to help us carry heavy boxes up three flights of stairs to our new apartment.
A.
B.
C.

he
him
himself

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Pronoun Case Exercise 4: We, Us, Our, Ours, and Ourselves


This handout accompanies Exercise 4 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Fill in the blanks with the appropriate choiceswe, us, our, ours, or ourselves.
1.

We tried to make cupcakes __________, but the cake was dry and the frosting drippy, so we
bought a dozen from the bakery instead.
A.
B.
C.

2.

Did you notice the toilet paper streamers hanging from the Pattersons trees? It was
__________ who did the decorating!
A.
B.

3.

Us
Our

The tutor watched as we scribbled, sighed, and erased calculations. She asked if we wanted
help, but we insisted on solving the problem __________.
A.
B.
C.

5.

we
us

In an angry whisper, Leslie asked us to put down our sodas. __________ slurping was drawing
angry glances from the test proctor, which made consulting her cheat sheet more dangerous.
A.
B.

4.

ourself
ourselfs
ourselves

ourself
ourselfs
ourselves

Has anyone seen Squeeze, a ten-foot albino python? He belongs to __________ two.
A.
B.

we
us

6.

Dont call Animal Control! That ten-foot albino python is __________.


A.
B.
C.

7.

The bakery manager told __________ shoppers that fresh chocolate-broccoli muffins were
ready to purchase.
A.
B.

8.

we
us

Professor Simpson finally relented and gave __________ students the 20 bonus points he
promised if we could silence our cell phones for an entire week of class.
A.
B.

12.

ours
ours
ours

Were those your clothes in the dryer? It was __________ who folded them when the cycle
ended.
A.
B.

11.

we
us

We cant believe you ate the leftover Chinese food! We are starving, and it was __________!
A.
B.
C.

10.

we
us

Sylvester photocopied his notes for those of us who missed class; __________ recipients
appreciated the help but couldnt read his chicken scratch handwriting.
A.
B.

9.

ours
ours
ours

we
us

Mom and Dad explained that they had saved enough money to visit Daytona Beach for summer
vacation; __________ kids were happy to learn that this year the family would avoid another
two weeks on Aunt Imeldas pig farm.
A.
B.

we
us

13.

Simon, who was trying to finish his chemistry homework, left the room in a huff because
__________ crunching popcorn was interfering with his concentration.
A.
B.

14.

The hiring manager explained that arriving tardy to the interview made such a bad impression
that we could just take __________ home.
A.
B.
C.

15.

ours
ours
ours

Jonathan rushed into the bathroom, where we pointed at the huge spider crawling up the tile.
__________ screaming had woken him from a deep sleep.
A.
B.

18.

we
us

Dont you dare try to recruit Amanda to your presentation group! She has already agreed to join
__________.
A.
B.
C.

17.

ourself
ourselfs
ourselves

Professor Glennon announced that she would drop our lowest test grade to help our final
averages; __________ students gave her a standing ovation, desperate to pass sociology.
A.
B.

16.

us
our

Us
Our

Our neighbor, a handyman by profession, offered to help, but we decided that we could fix the
hole in the roof __________.
A.
B.
C.

ourself
ourselfs
ourselves

19.

Rhondas birthday party got a little out of hand. It might have been __________ whom you
heard playing loud music late last night.
A.
B.

20.

we
us

Mr. Dickson was threatening to call the homeowners association. __________ choosing hot
pink paint not only was against the regulations but also would bring down his property value.
A.
B.

Us
Our

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Pronoun Case Exercise 5:

They, Them, Their, Theirs, and Themselves


This handout accompanies Exercise 5 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Fill in the blanks with the appropriate choicesthey, them, their, theirs, or themselves.
1.

Oblivious to the consequences, Erica and Teresa spend all of history class chattering in the
back row. __________ constant gossiping inspires Mrs. David to look extra hard for points to
deduct when she grades their essays.
A.
B.
C.

2.

Marsha and Diane wrestled the sofa up the flight of stairs. Derrickwith muscles bursting from
his shirt sleevesoffered to help, but the two women insisted that they could do it __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.

3.

theirself
theirselves
themself
themselves

See those students over there? __________ will join you for a game if you want to share your
basketball.
A.
B.

4.

They
Them
Their

They and I
I and them

Yikes, those Nuclear Toaster fans are really rowdy! Too bad for you, seating is assigned, so you
are between __________.
A.
B.
C.

Emilio and they


they and Emilio
Emilio and them

5.

The squirrels crouched against the branches, stone still, as a hawk circled overhead.
__________ and the other tree dwellers relaxed when the raptor finally abandoned the hunt and
flew away.
A.
B.

6.

Joshua shushed the two students sitting behind him. __________ knuckle cracking and gum
smacking were making him crazy as he tried to concentrate on the dissection demonstration.
A.
B.
C.

7.

theirself
theirselves
themself
themselves

Stop yelling at the cat and look at the dogs! It is __________ who are guilty of tipping over the
trash.
A.
B.

10.

They
Them

Jacob and Ryan argued about the calculus problem. Marie offered the answer, but they wanted
to solve the equation __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.

9.

They
Them
Their

Are you hungry? Those students are selling escargotsnails roasted in butter and garlic.
__________ and Mrs. Montaigne, the French teacher, are trying to raise money for a trip to
Paris.
A.
B.

8.

They
Them

they
them

The students milled around the parking lot. __________ waited for the fire marshal to declare
the alarm a prank and allow everyone back into the classrooms.
A.
B.
C.

Their professors and they


Their professors and them
Them and their professors

11.

All of the cans in Saras cupboards have their labels facing forward, like soldiers at attention.
Sara has further organized __________ in alphabetical order.
A.
B.
C.

12.

Monica asked if the test was open book. Leo wanted to know if he could use his notes. Albert
pleaded for extra credit opportunities. Professor Edmundson continued the review session,
ignoring __________ and their silly questions.
A.
B.

13.

they
them

While Tanya and I spent all night studying for the chemistry exam, our roommates ate pizza and
watched movies. When we both received As, we felt superior to __________.
A.
B.
C.

16.

they
them

Look at those students laughing and pointing this way. Perhaps it was __________ who slipped
the whoopee cushion under your seat.
A.
B.

15.

they
them

The hungry angel fish pecked at the aquarium glass. Felicia was oblivious to __________ and
their needs, intent as she was on finishing her last-minute, 20-page paper for Greek & Roman
Humanities.
A.
B.

14.

they and the cereal boxes


the cereal boxes and they
them and the cereal boxes

they and their Ds


them and their Ds
their Ds and themselves

Because Rebecca over fertilized the garden, the tomato plants sagged with fruit. __________
will make a summer full of salads for a family that prefers fast-food burgers and pizza.
A.
B.
C.

They and the giant heads of lettuce


Them and the giant heads of lettuce
The giant heads of lettuce and them

17.

The Bartletts made painting the house a family project. When they finished the two-story
dwelling, they treated __________ to a weekend at the beach with the money they saved.
A.
B.
C.
D.

18.

Look at that flock of pigeons peering down at us from the power line. Ill bet it was __________
who defecated all over the roof of our clean car.
A.
B.

19.

they
them

The Jacksons are really struggling with that push mower. Perhaps we should offer __________
the use of our riding mower so that the torture can end.
A.
B.
C.

20.

theirself
theirselves
themself
themselves

they and their lawn


their lawn and they
them and their lawn

The talent show contestants couldnt sing or play guitar. We applauded __________ because
we knew we might bomb just as badly when our turn on stage arrived.
A.
B.
C.

they and their poor effort


them and their poor effort
their poor effort and they

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Pronoun Case Exercise 6


This handout accompanies Exercise 6 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Fill in the blanks with the appropriate pronoun case.
1.

Maria finished the 100-item geology exam in ten minutes. I envied my friends intelligence and
wished to be as smart as __________.
A.
B.
C.

2.

So that we dont have to flash our wet armpits at the other passengers, __________ hope to
find a seat on the bus.
A.
B.

3.

he and Jacob
Jacob and him

Ive shown you my A+ essay; now lets see __________.


A.
B.
C.

5.

Shawn and I
Shawn and me

Cameron finds his English class especially boring, so __________ have an agreement. If
Cameron falls asleep, Jacob has permission to poke his buddys thigh with a sharp pencil.
A.
B.

4.

she
her
herself

yours
yours
yours

We thought Dr. Grayson would blow a blood vessel yelling at Mario, who walked into class 45
minutes late. It was __________ who saved us from her exhausting lecture about the French
Revolution.
A.
B.
C.

he
him
himself

6.

Dont carry the puppies up to the second floor! Let them learn to climb the stairs __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.

7.

We doubt that Samuel will attain his dream of becoming a world champion because he keeps
knocking __________ unconscious with his yo-yo.
A.
B.
C.

8.

theirs
theirs
theirs

Jeremy fell asleep on the TV room sofa where __________ snoring distracted us from the golf
championship.
A.
B.

11.

I
me

Frank constantly picks his nose, and Jack never washes his hand. Since they both attended the
potluck, we asked which dishes were __________.
A.
B.
C.

10.

hisself
his self
himself

Just between you and __________, this algebra class is snore city; lets slip our while Mr.
Williams is solving an equation with his back turned.
A.
B.

9.

theirself
theirselves
themself
themselves

him
his

Desmond and I prefer the back of the yoga studio; we are not yet good enough to enjoy
watching __________ in the floor length mirrors at the front.

A.
B.
C.

ourself
our self
ourselves

12.

Jessica scowls at Mr. Henderson, her arms folded across her chest; __________, however,
smile and pretend to take notes because we understand that our body language might influence
Mr. Hendersons attitude toward our essays.
A.
B.
C.

13.

When Mrs. Olson found Buster the Labrador retriever digging up her flowers, she used her
shovel to give __________ a piece of her mind.
A.
B.

14.

we
us

Look at the blue frosting under Wendys nail! It was __________ who dragged her finger across
the top of Grandmas birthday cake!
A.
B.

18.

my little brother and I


my little brother and me
my little brother and myself

Professor Warren congratulated __________ students on bombing the calculus exam more
horribly than any class he had ever taught.
A.
B.

17.

he
him
himself

When the lights came on after the movie, Mom discovered that __________ had decorated
Grandpas wild hair with popcorn kernels.
A.
B.
C.

16.

he and his owner


his owner and him

Preston ran the 100-meter dash so fast that the coaches smiled at the stop watch. I admired my
friends speed but hoped that I was even faster than __________.
A.
B.
C.

15.

Yolanda and I
me and Yolanda
Yolanda and myself

she
her

Natalie is a vegetarian, so perhaps the banana left under the desk is __________.
A.
B.
C.

hers
hers
hers

19.

As the students slaved over the essay exam, they dreamed of rewarding __________ after
class with double espressos and giant muffins from the courtyard caf.
A.
B.
C.
D.

20.

theirself
theirselves
themself
themselves

Julissa, Sara, and I have become fast friends this year; __________ three do everything
together, including visits to the restroom to fix our hair.
A.
B.

we
us

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Pronoun Reference Exercise 1


This handout accompanies Exercise 1 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Determine whether the sentences below contain pronoun reference errors. Fix any
problems that you find.
1.

Fred told Tony that polka-dotted underwear was showing through the ripped seat of his dress
pants.

2.

Brendan's snoring was so loud that he distracted everyone in class from the exciting pronoun
reference lecture.

3.

Ms. Simmons decided to postpone the pronoun reference quiz so that her composition
students could discuss their new 3,000-word essay. This made everyone happy.

4.

Partially hydrogenated oils can be especially dangerous to your health, so you should
eliminate this type of fat from your diet.

5.

It says in this week's National Inquisitor that Elvis Presley manages a surf shop in Boca Raton,
Florida.

6.

The West Coast is a beautiful area of the country, but I have a real fear of earthquakes. They
claim that the next big quake might dump half of California into the Pacific Ocean.

7.

Last night at 3:00 a.m., Tom got out of bed, walked outside, turned on the hose, and used it to
soak the two tomcats whining and hissing under his bedroom window.

8.

After flunking the chemistry exam, Theodore brought peanut butter cookies to Dr. Wilson, his
professor, who was not pleased by this.

9.

It was 2 p.m., and it was hardly cloudy when it started to drizzle, and it was interesting to Sarah
to watch a rainbow form over the city.

10.

Big Boy, which is a trained killer whale at Ocean World, tried to swallow a New Jersey toddler
who wanted to pet Big Boy's nose.

11.

I cannot ride roller coasters like the Kumba at Busch Gardens because they always make you
dizzy and sick.

12.

Because they are always gossiping behind the counter instead of cleaning the dining area,
Titos Taco Palace is always filthy.

13.

Trina's eyes filled with tears of joy when she received an expensive box of chocolate-covered
ants from her boyfriend Bob.

14.

The stray tomcat who lurks around Tony's house has two tattered ears and a missing eye.

15.

Derek waited until the last minute to start his research essay, so he had to stay up all night to
write a lousy paper that will anger Mr. Hayden, his professor.

16.

The pizza toppings were so chewy and slimy that they gave everyone the experience of eating
raw newts and salamanders.

17.

My dog Floyd, who enjoys eating pizza, has developed a terrible case of pepperoni breath.

18.

Mrs. Geiger told Maria, her student, that she needed to conquer her fear of computers
because they are a valuable research tool.

19.

During the worst airline meal in the history of commercial flight, the captain of the 747
announced that the plane was experiencing engine trouble. This really distressed the
passengers.

20.

It says in the course syllabus that whining about grades will cost a student twenty points at the
end of the semester.

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Pronoun Reference Exercise 2


This handout accompanies Exercise 2 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Determine whether the sentences below contain pronoun reference errors. Fix any
problems that you find.
1.

Bernard's hair is so long that this young man really needs to visit a barber before his interview
at the bank.

2.

Calm Calvin never gets nervous before making a speech in Mrs. Smith's class, and he is so
relaxed that he can fall asleep during a root canal at the dentist's office. This really amazes
his friends.

3.

Mrs. Olsen told her neighbor Marge that she was going to set all of Mayfair Circle aflame with
the thousands of Christmas lights in her yard.

4.

I need to write a letter to the Orlando Sentinel because they have cancelled my favorite
section of the newspaper, the daily horoscopes.

5.

The neighbors' lawn is so overgrown that they could have a dead body lying in the weeds
without anyone knowing it.

6.

In some college classes, you will have instructors who begin the lecture five minutes before
your class is supposed to start and then keep you five minutes after class should have let out.

7.

Lilly Mae made a terrible announcement: She didnt have enough squid eyeball stew to serve
everyone, so a volunteer would need to brave the blizzard to fetch a can of stewed tomatoes
from the store.

8.

It said in today's horoscope that all Pisces should avoid eating tuna salad.

9.

There are more sightings of extraterrestrials than there are of Elvis. Some of them say that
Elvis was actually from the planet Zortek.

10.

It was a cold, wet January evening when Barry's watch alarm beeped to remind Barry that it
was 11 p.m., and so it was time to take a study break from calculus before it was too late to
visit Titos Taco Palace for a cheap snack.

11.

Shirley finds her biology text a wonderful book because the authors always clearly explain
difficult concepts to you.

12.

A thinking person wonders why Wiley Coyote, who is always trying to catch the Roadrunner,
doesn't just order a bucket of original recipe from KFC.

13.

It was a beautiful, cloudless night when it became apparent to Avery that a space alien from
Zortek was about to steal her Elvis records, so it was necessary for Avery to get a kitchen
knife and defend the collection as it was worth a lot of money.

14.

Julie sat down to a huge bowl of Chocolate-Broccoli Puffs, a new breakfast cereal, and ate
every spoonful. And they say that broccoli isn't a morning food!

15.

As Ms. Simmons was explaining the twenty-seventh rule for pronoun reference, a spider
crawled into Sergio's hair. This really distressed him.

16.

Edline visits the ATM before going to the discount warehouse because she always finds giant
bottles of ketchup or ten-pound bags of cookies that you must buy.

17.

CJ told Frank that Ms. Orsini had assigned twenty more chapters in Moby-Dick, so he picked
up the thick book and began to read.

18.

Yara thinks that algebraic equations are more beautiful than romantic poetry. Her boyfriends
must know this quirk when they whisper sweetly in her ear.

19.

In ancient Egypt, you had to pay huge sums of money to be entombed in a sarcophagus;
most inhabitants had their mummified remains buried in the desert sand and soon became
dust.

20.

Dianes beagle Santana, who is two years old, loves to bay at the full moon and drink out of
greasy puddles in the apartment complex parking lot.

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Pronoun Reference Exercise 3


This handout accompanies Exercise 3 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: In the blank on the left, fix the underlined error.
__________ 1.

In the last seconds of the game, Leroy passed the basketball to Marc, and then he
tripped over an untied shoelace and broke his arm.

__________ 2.

The computer geek's biggest dream was to hack his way into the Defense
Department's mainframe. Was he ever surprised when the FBI burst into his
apartment.

__________ 3.

While terrifying, hungry space aliens were holding the class hostage, Mr. Parker
announced that the research essays were due earlyon Friday, not Monday. This
really distressed the poor students.

__________ 4.

Lori surprised everyone when, at age nineteen, she saved enough money to make
a down payment on her own home. And they say that young people don't
understand financial responsibility!

__________ 5.

It says in the syllabus that Prof. Duncan wont tolerate tardiness, but we were
not surprised to see Will peeking through the classroom window, hoping that he
could enter late once again.

__________ 6.

Jenny found a hungry, lost kitten in the mall parking lot. She brought it home to
live with her twenty-three other cats. Cat food and litter get expensive if you have
such a kind heart!

__________ 7.

Mrs. Schmitz explained to her assistant Julie that she would need a cup of coffee
to finish payroll on time.

__________ 8.

So strained were Bob's eyes from staring at a computer monitor all day that he
had a killer headache. Not even six aspirin would dull the pain.

__________ 9.

Because of the category 5 hurricane, all of Central Florida had lost electrical
power, so Mike couldn't watch the Nightmare on Elm Street marathon on HBO.
That really bothered him.

__________ 10. Judi will never fly again. This past weekend it explained on Sixty Minutes that
the Federal Aviation Authority allows unsafe passenger jets to fly.

__________ 11. Harold perused the beef items on the menu. Then Maria, his vegetarian girlfriend,
began to nag about it, so Harold ordered spinach ravioli instead.
__________ 12. Being an astronaut is a difficult career. You have to tolerate days in space without
a shower.
__________ 13. Because the engine was idling so hard that Owen bounced in his seat at red
lights, he took it to a repair shop where the mechanics explained that he needed a
tune up.
__________ 14. At the top of Mt. Everest, the highest peak in the Himalayas, you must find the
stamina, supplies, and good luck to make the trip back down to base camp.
__________ 15. A group of waiters arrived at Cecelias table to sing happy birthday. Cecelia hates
having them at restaurants because her family cant be trusted not to arrange this
yearly embarrassment.
__________ 16. The horses tail whipped from side to side as it tolerated the long, stinging needle
that Dr. Syler used for vaccinations.
__________ 17. Because the sky was clouding up, Jack found his umbrella and wrapped it in his
hiking jacket. This way, if rain began, he would have it as he made his trek across
campus for his afternoon chemistry lab.
__________ 18. Dusty took Chris on his pizza deliveries so that he would not be obsessing alone
about his recent breakup with the beautiful Gloria.
__________ 19. In the NBA, you supplement franchise income with endorsements for products
ranging from athletic shoes to bubblegum.
__________ 20. My dependable car, who has taken me over 120,000 miles, still has a smoothly
purring engine.

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Pronoun Reference Exercise 4


This handout accompanies Exercise 4 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: In the blank on the left, fix the underlined error. If no error exists, write CORRECT in the
blank.
_______________ 1.

Dr. Skinner, our psychology instructor, explained that Tweety, which is a


Looney Tunes cartoon character, has passive-aggressive tendencies.

_______________ 2.

I hate driving my brothers truck because it always breaks down when you
are in the middle of a busy intersection.

_______________ 3.

To save money, the manager told Jimmy, his employee, that he needed to
use more of the cheap lettuce and less of the expensive taco beef.

_______________ 4.

The dog's nose sniffed the floor as it searched for crumbs under the dining
room table.

_______________ 5.

My lawn service company owes me $50 because he destroyed my


collection of plastic flamingoes with a high-powered mower.

_______________ 6.

While Ben was picking brown lettuce out of his beef burrito, a cockroach
crawled from underneath the shredded cheese. This really distressed poor
Ben.

_______________ 7.

It says in this supermarket tabloid that extraterrestrials have kidnapped


the Presidents brain.

_______________ 8.

The car passengers were blasting music and throwing recyclable aluminum
soda cans out the windows. It really upset Erin, who drove behind them.

_______________ 9.

Gladys' long hair stuck to the mashed potatoes with gravy as she sat on the
windy patio of the campus cafeteria.

_______________10.

Betty prefers eyeglasses to contact lenses because she doesn't have to


worry about bugs bouncing off her corneas.

_______________11.

While fishing, we saw explosions of bubbles on the surface of the waves.


They say that over 100 boats have vanished in this area of the Bermuda
Triangle.

_______________12.

Coachs bald head was so shiny that he inadvertently blinded his own
quarterback during the last seconds of the close game.

_______________13.

Cisco loves the mythological stories from ancient Egypt, so he plans to


study even more of it during summer break.

_______________14.

Stephanie insists on running before the sun sets, for she never knows what
kind of nutcase will be prowling the streets after dark.

_______________15.

At the mall, Eboni and Andrea browsed for two hours before she finally
decided to buy Samuel a new leather jacket for his birthday.

_______________16.

Lincoln refuses to own a white car because one hour after you wash it, the
paint is powdered with gray dust.

_______________17.

The sun-blistered paint and clouds of black exhaust attest to Dianes poor
care of it.

_______________18.

During her speech, Lucy spoke with heart-felt conviction about animal
cruelty. She loves them very much and hates to see a single one hurt or in
pain.

_______________19.

Clarence always brings a tape recorder to class because you never know
when Dr. Wilson will drop an important clue about the next chemistry test.

_______________20.

Jennifer explained to Samantha that she needed to comb her wild hair
before her interviews with the recruiters began on campus later that
afternoon.

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Pronoun Reference Exercise 5


This handout accompanies Exercise 5 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Choose the answer that best corrects the error in the underlined portion(s). The
correction should sound natural and be logical. If no error exists, choose No change is
necessary.
1.

Because Tara and Diana worked the closing shift at Titos Taco Palace, they often arrived to
A
class with their eyes barely open. Tara would have given Diana the correct answer to number
B
seven on the chemistry exam if she hadnt fallen asleep in the middle of it.
C
A.
she
B.
her
C.
Diana
D.
No change is necessary.

2.

The puppy was howling; explosions and gunfire boomed from the television; and a tray of
brownies was calling Fred's name from the kitchen. This made studying for the pronoun
reference quiz impossible.
A.
B.
C.
D.

3.

Bob's hands were so cramped from typing a 2,000-word essay that the poor boy stuck
A
his fingers in an ice-cold glass of soda so that he wouldn't feel the pain.
B
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

4.

kitchen, which made


kitchen. That made
kitchen. Fred's desire for chocolate made
No change is necessary.

he
the fingers of Bob
it
No change is necessary.

You ought to take my advice and register for your fall classes early. They say that first
A
B
C
semester courses fill the most quickly.
A.
B.
C.
D.

One
his or her
Counselors
No change is necessary.

5.

Mrs. Jones explained to her niece Fiona that she couldnt poison the neighbors barking dog
no matter how much she needed her beauty sleep.
A.
B.
C.
D.

6.

It says in this weeks National Inquisitor that Big Foot walked into a convenience store and stole
twelve boxes of donuts.
A.
B.
C.
D.

7.

In this weeks National Inquisitor, it says


It says, In this weeks National Inquisitor
This weeks National Inquisitor says
No change is necessary.

Many people who buy a new puppy believe that the young dog should automatically behave
A
as well as Lassie, who had years of obedience training and which was a mature animal with
B
C
control of her bladder.
A.
B.
C.
D.

8.

Fiona, You cant poison the neighbors barking dog no matter how much you need your
beauty sleep.
Fiona, She couldnt poison the neighbors barking dog no matter how much she needed
her beauty sleep.
Fiona that she couldnt poison the neighbors barking dog no matter how much she
needed her beauty sleep.
No change is necessary.

which buy
which had
who
No change is necessary.

Nick used to love water skiing and swimming in Florida lakes, but now he worries about the
pollution and high bacteria rates. They say that brain-sucking amoebae can crawl up
A
a persons nose and kill the victim in days.
B
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

9.

Marjorie made a grab for the last donut, which glistened with fresh glaze. Suzanne, who had
A
B
not eaten in twelve hours, threw a hard enough punch to break her arm.
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

10.

News reports
your
you
No change is necessary.

who
that
Marjories
No change is necessary.

It says on the bathroom wall that Joe will sell the answers to the pronoun reference quiz for five
dollars.
A.
B.
C.
D.

The bathroom wall says


On the bathroom wall, it says
On the bathroom wall, they say
No change is necessary.

11.

Mickey Mouse, who greets guests at the gates of the Magic Kingdom, is really a five-foot
A
young woman who wishes that her costume, which weighs thirty pounds, was air conditioned.
B
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

12.

I always arrive to class on time because I want the 25 points for perfect attendance that Prof.
A
B
Smith will give you at the end of the semester.
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

13.

them
them
Olivia
No change is necessary.

An inconsiderate driver tailgated Chad for five miles and then honked annoyingly when Chad
slowed to make his turn. It really made him angry.
A.
B.
C.
D.

16.

Dog books
one
them
No change is necessary.

Olivia told Maggie that writing essays for English class was more important than flirting with
A
cute guys in the cafeteria if she planned to complete her degree.
B
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

15.

You always arrive


you want
me
No change is necessary.

At the pet store, Felicia fell in love with a beagle puppy that she impulsively bought. They say
A
that no reputable breeder will sell puppies to a pet store.
B
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

14.

that
which
who
No change is necessary.

limit. This
limit, which
limit. This jerk
No change is necessary.

It is necessary for Renee to fulfill her science requirement. She won't take a chemistry class
A
because it requires too much math. Marine Biology would be a better choice because
B
it would give her an opportunity to smile every day at Mr. McCourt, the cute new professor.
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

Renee must
they require
they would give
No change is necessary.

17.

Brandt worked a double shift waiting tables at Bernies Burger Emporium, stayed awake to
write his research essay, and then attended his four back-to-back classes. Isn't it amazing
A
B
what you will do for an education?
C
A.
B.
C.
D.

18.

Ever since Tikeja began her internship at the hospital, she has tried to take better care of her
health. They claim that eating five servings of fruit and vegetables will protect a person from
many diseases such as cancer.
A.
B.
C.
D.

19.

We claim
Doctors claim
One of them claims
No change is necessary.

My dog's toenails click on the wood floor as she chases the cats away from their food bowl.
A.
B.
C.
D.

20.

one's research essay


one's four back-to-back classes
he
No change is necessary.

My dog's claws
Oreo's toenails
The toenails of my dog
No change is necessary.

My friend Harold, who had Mr. Byrnes last semester for US Government, never received an A
A
on an essay. They say that Mr. Byrnes has absolutely no patience for grammar errors of any
B
C
kind.
A.
B.
C.
D.

which
Other students
he
No change is necessary.

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Subject-Verb Agreement Exercise 1


This handout accompanies Exercise 1 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: In the blank, use the correct present tense form of the infinitive given at the beginning of
each sentence.
1.

to have: The cracked windshield, in addition to the torn upholstery and rusted body,
__________ made Ruths old car difficult to sell.

2.

to be: This week's National Inquisitor claims that there __________ photographs of the
Loch Ness Monster eating Elvis.

3.

to work: At Titos Taco Palace __________ friends who will stuff double meat into our
burritos for free.

4.

to crawl: On the tables in the library __________ the many germs that have escaped in the
hot breath of hardworking students.

5.

to be: None of this breakfast that Lilly Mae cooked __________ fit to eat.

6.

to taste: None of these chocolate-broccoli muffins __________ good, either.

7.

to have: The whole red ant colony, including the queen and all of her drones, __________
swarmed over Tommy's feet, stinging his ankles.

8.

to make: Fifteen gallons of chocolate milk __________ Herbert the elephant a happy
pachyderm.

9.

to hope: Everyone on the roller coaster, including Martha and Angie, __________ that the hot
dogs, onion rings, funnel cake, and cotton candy will stay down during the twisting ride to
come.

10.

to bother: Neither Fred's ratty clothes nor his sullen attitude __________ Esmeralda, who lets
Fred pick up the check every time they dine out.

11.

to hug: That pair of jeans __________ the curves of Hannahs body as nicely as tinfoil on a
baked potato.

12.

to annoy: Neither the coughing muffler nor the squeaky brakes __________ Ruth as much as
the broken radio in her old car.

13.

to get: Florida alligators usually __________ severe indigestion after eating poodles.

14.

to cling: Every cat hair, candy wrapper, and loose thread __________ to the super-charged
polyester pants that Theodora loves to wear.

15.

to know: Any one of Ms. Orsini's students __________ the rules that govern subject-verb
agreement.

16.

to take: The shine on my hardwood floors __________ abuse from the ragged toenails of
Floyd, my dog.

17.

to have: Neither of those students __________ a clue about the rules governing subject-verb
agreement. Pity them both during the quiz.

18.

to make: Patience and compassion, in addition to a wallet bulging with money, __________
everyone want Jordan as a friend.

19.

to require: Statistics __________ so much homework that Michelle's poor fingers have
permanent indentations from the calculator pads.

20.

to come: The committee ___________ from all parts of the city, so we usually have to start
late because so many members get stuck in traffic.

21.

to believe: The committee ___________ that waiting until everyone arrives is more important
than starting on time.

22.

to be: When Dad is angry, there __________ fire flickering in his eyes as well as smoke
escaping from his ears.

23.

to brighten: When Matthew is having a bad day, old episodes of The X-Files always
__________ his mood.

24.

to hit: Each of those opera singers regularly ___________ notes high enough to break glass
and rupture eardrums.

25.

to be: Either the fried oyster sandwich or shrimp pizza __________ the best choice for lunch
at Crusty's Seafood Restaurant.

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Subject-Verb Agreement Exercise 2


This handout accompanies Exercise 2 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the
interactive version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: In the blank, use the correct present tense form of the verb given at the beginning
of each sentence.
1.

to disapprove: Not only the Zorteks from Saturn but also the Martian ambassador
__________ of the unfriendly greeting from the United Nations.

2.

to annoy: Each of my brothers __________ me with his bad habits, like nose-picking at
the dinner table and spitting on the sidewalk.

3.

to keep: Even though Jose has seen the film at least twenty times, Star Wars always
__________ him on the edge of his seat.

4.

to be: Where __________ the gas mask and HAZMAT gloves? It's time to change the
litter box.

5.

to make: The giant spider in the kitchen, together with the cockroaches in the bathroom,
__________ entertaining at my house a potentially embarrassing experience.

6.

to disagree: Even after carefully considering the evidence for several days, the jury still
__________ about the guilt of the mob kingpin.

7.

to arrive: For the trial of the mob kingpin, the sequestered jury __________ in a
bulletproof van.

8.

to give: Physics __________ Philip many headaches because he has to solve long,
difficult word problems.

9.

to be: A vitamin C tablet, in addition to milk jug caps and dead cockroaches,
__________ part of the debris that Sara found when she cleaned under the stove.

10.

to see: Neither of the surfers __________ the sharks that wish to make a quick snack of
some human toes.

11.

to go: Jim, together with his dog Pooh, __________ walking on the golf course
everyday, even in the rain.

12.

to be: In the backyard of Sam's house __________ the buried corpses of many pets,
including all of the goldfish that he won at state fairs.

13.

to be: Zipping through the clouds __________ a fleet of UFO'swith the United States
Air Force in hot pursuit.

14.

to make: Not only shopping for presents but also attending boring parties __________
many people dislike the winter holidays.

15.

to cause: This semester, statistics _________ Shantell the most frustration.

16.

to be: Mrs. Mauzy told her student, "There __________ too many subject-verb errors in
this essay for it to pass."

17.

to have: The inch-thick dust on all the furniture, as well as the piles of unwashed clothes
and dirty dishes, __________ convinced Tony that Horace will not make a good
roommate.

18.

to buy: Neither the nurses nor Dr. Taggart __________ soup at the hospital cafeteria.
There are rumors that the cooks regularly use two-week-old leftovers as the primary
ingredient.

19.

to have: That pair of pants __________ a big rip in the back that showcases your polkadotted boxer shorts.

20.

to enjoy: Neither the spoiled chimpanzees nor the pampered gorilla __________
bananas without ice cream, chocolate sauce, and chopped nuts.

21.

to fill: One thousand pounds of jelly beans __________ the bed of Betty's truck.

22.

to sneer: Richard, the class snob, together with his two arrogant buddies, Philip and
Charles, __________ at everyone who pulls into the parking lot in a car that costs less
than $50,000.00.

23.

to come: From the school cafeteria __________ the palest tomatoes, the driest lettuce,
and the most nuclear-green pickle slices that you will ever see.

24.

to have: The entire class, including the two students who have slept every day in the
back row, __________ been invited to have dinner at Mr. Parker's house.

25.

to be: Where _________ the gifts that I deserve for washing all the smashed love bugs
off the front of your car?

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Subject-Verb Agreement Exercise 3


This handout accompanies Exercise 3 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Some of the sentences below contain subject-verb agreement errors. If you find an error,
draw a line through it and write the correction in the space provided. Keep all verbs in the present
tense. If the sentence is correct, write CORRECT in the blank.
_______________ 1. Our dog Babe, together with her seven puppies, have chewed all the stuffing
out of the sofa cushions.
_______________ 2. This weekend, a Great White shark, as well as a school of barracuda, are
terrorizing the tourists at Daytona Beach.
_______________ 3. Where is the bowl of squid eyeball stew and the platter of broccoli-chocolate
muffins that Madison made for Elizabeths housewarming party?
_______________ 4. Here are the fifty-dollar bill that I promised for pet sitting Bo-Bo, my Jack
Russell terrier, this weekend.
_______________ 5. Neither of my two older brothers invests money wisely.
_______________ 6. Every piece of popcorn and dropped chocolate on the theater floor has stuck
in the treads of Larrys new running shoes.
_______________ 7. All that Susan wants this semester is a wink and a smile from the cute guy
who sits next to her in algebra class.
_______________ 8. All that the cute guy wants this semester is the correct answers from Susan's
algebra quiz.
_______________ 9. Now that the cute guy has found a way to cheat, mathematics no longer
cause him problems in school.
_______________10. Mike is one of those students who never brings a pen with him to writing
class.
_______________11. The iguana is the only one of my brother's reptiles that does not require live
rodents for dinner.
_______________12. The family have conflicting opinions about how to celebrate the holidays since
they learned that Grandpa is a space alien from a distant galaxy.
_______________13. Seventeen dollars are all that Brenda has saved for spring break this year.
_______________14. Two hundred buckets of sand fill the interior of Mr. Clarks new car.
_______________15. The flaming-orange polyester pants, together with the beehive hairdo, make
Betty stand out among the other shoppers at the mall.

_______________16. Here is the grasshoppers that you need to give the iguana while Marvin
recovers in the hospital.
_______________17. Wrestling on the cafeteria floor are two hungry students that want the last
slice of pepperoni pizza.
_______________18. Not only the squid souffl but also the fried octopus make a delicious snack to
eat while you are watching 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea.
_______________19. Mary Anne's compassion, as well as the Professor's intelligence and the
Skipper's good humor, are what Jillian most enjoys about Gilligan's Island.
_______________20. Each of these yo-yo champions give the same advice: you have to risk
whacking yourself in the head a few times to master the really challenging
tricks.
_______________21. Every love bug smashed on his windshield, every cockroach poisoned by
insecticide, and every trapped spider starving to death in a dusty corner
causes Ernie, an aspiring Buddhist, a pang of guilt.
_______________22. The powdery sugar on lemon doughnuts makes Rhonda happy to start a new
day.
_______________23. Every one of Jenny's six cats enjoy relaxing on top of her new car; the paw
prints create an Art Deco design in the dust that coats the hood.
_______________24. Lincoln is one of those people who thinks eating at Titos Taco Palace is an
authentic multicultural experience.
_______________25. There is many misconceptions about gorillas; the most damaging is that these
primates are ferocious, crazed killers like King Kong.

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Subject-Verb Agreement Exercise 4


This handout accompanies Exercise 4 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Choose the correct present tense verb form for the sentences below.
1.

Every pale tomato slice, wilted pickle, and brown lettuce leaf __________ an extra 25 cents at
Bernies Burger Emporium.
A.
B.
C.
D.

2.

Not only the Smiths but also Tonya __________ agreed to try one of the world-famous
chocolate-broccoli muffins.
A.
B.
C.
D.

3.

is
are
was
were

Even though Antonio has many friends who love their Chevrolets and Buicks, he has always
believed that General Motors __________ lemons.
A.
B.
C.
D.

6.

hopes
hope
hoped
had hoped

On the sidewalk _________ many little lizards sunning themselves on the hot concrete.
A.
B.
C.
D.

5.

has
have
had
has been

The Smiths, along with Tonya, _________ to avoid indigestion after eating these weird
muffins.
A.
B.
C.
D.

4.

costs
cost
costed
had cost

makes
make
made
had made

My dog Floyd, together with Buster the cat, __________ to play with money; the cat swats
crumpled bills onto the floor where the dog shreds them to pieces.
A.
B.
C.
D.

likes
like
liked
had liked

7.

Latoya isn't going to Daytona Beach for spring break because fourteen dollars __________ all
that she has in her vacation fund.
A.
B.
C.
D.

8.

Even though Johnson and Johnson _________ consumers not to insert Q-tips into their ears,
people refuse to read directions and frequently rupture their eardrums.
A.
B.
C.
D.

9.

is
are
was
were

Even though the jury _________ to believe that the defendant did not feed Elvis to the Loch
Ness Monster, much of the evidence points to the her guilt.
A.
B.
C.
D.

13.

causes
cause
will cause
had caused

Digging holes in the sofa cushions __________ Peanut, Elizabeths new puppy.
A.
B.
C.
D.

12.

is
are
was
were

Grandpa claims that Martian measles _________ green and purple spots to erupt all over a
person's body.
A.
B.
C.
D.

11.

warns
warn
warned
had warned

All of my important keys __________ now stuck in the drain pipe of my bathroom sink.
Buster, my kitten, doesn't realize how much his playfulness inconveniences me.
A.
B.
C.
D.

10.

is
are
was
were

wants
want
wanted
are wanting

Neither the students nor their instructor __________ happy with the long cafeteria line for
squid eyeball stew.
A.
B.
C.
D.

is
are
was
were

14.

Neither of Freuds parents _________ much intelligence when it comes to choosing spouses.
Freuds father has married five times, and Mom just presented him with stepfather number
three.
A.
B.
C.
D.

15.

Each of these women __________ that she had read the care instructions before washing the
delicate and expensive dresses.
A.
B.
C.
D.

16.

does
do
did
has

Here ___________ Tonya and Robert, the two students who scored 100 percent on the
subject-verb agreement quiz.
A.
B.
C.
D.

20.

ruins
ruin
has ruined
ruined

___________ no one except Marge and Beatrice have the subject-verb agreement exercises
that Ms. Koopman assigned for today?
A.
B.
C.
D.

19.

is
are
was
be

Mr. Lowry, our English teacher, believes that students who major in economics or physics
__________ their imaginations.
A.
B.
C.
D.

18.

wishes
wish
wished
would wish

Here ___________ the mail and newspapers that I picked up for you while you were on
vacation.
A.
B.
C.
D.

17.

has
have
are showing
had

stands
stand
is standing
stood

General Foods, the maker of Cheerios, ___________ developed a new cereal with chocolate
puffs and broccoli-flavored marshmallows.
A.
B.
C.
D.

has
have
had
is

21.

Each man, woman, and child __________ to write General Foods a letter supporting the
company's decision to produce a chocolate-broccoli breakfast cereal.
A.
B.
C.
D.

22.

There ___________ more calories in a bowl of chocolate-broccoli breakfast cereal than you
might think.
A.
B.
C.
D.

23.

makes
make
made
will make

Who needs a pet if you live in Florida? There already __________ lizards that sneak in
between the window screens and cockroaches that take up residence in every bathroom and
kitchen.
A.
B.
C.
D.

25.

is
are
will be
were

Not only the vitamin C from the broccoli but also the delicious taste of the chocolate
___________ this breakfast cereal a real crowd pleaser.
A.
B.
C.
D.

24.

needs
need
needed
will need

is
are
has been
had been

Susan is one of those students who ___________ up to the instructor every chance that they
get.
A.
B.
C.
D.

kisses
kiss
kissed
has kissed

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Subject-Verb Agreement Exercise 5


This handout accompanies Exercise 5 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Choose the correct present tense verb form for the sentences below.
1.

The dead trees and peeling paint, along with the broken windows and flapping shutters,
__________ everyone believe that evil spirits haunt the deserted Sinclair house.
A.
B.
C.
D.

2.

Where __________ the earrings that I left by the bathroom sink? Oh no! That stupid cat has
swatted them down the drain again!
A.
B.
C.
D.

3.

is
are
was
were

Agnes never loses a single possession. Everyone knows what belongs to her, for each pen,
pencil, and paperclip __________ a tiny flag attached with Agnes' full name on it.
A.
B.
C.
D.

6.

looks
look
looked
had looked

One hundred and fifty gallons __________ the amount of liquid the average living room rug
can absorb. Rachel discovered this fact after taking a long shower when the curtain wasn't
tucked inside the tub.
A.
B.
C.
D.

5.

was
were
is
are

Neither of those sharks circling your boogie board __________ hungry enough to bite.
A.
B.
C.
D.

4.

made
has made
makes
make

will have
has
have
had

Asteroids and comets slamming into Earth __________ Marge; she tries to remain under the
protective cover of her roof as much as possible.
A.
B.
C.
D.

worries
worry
worried
used to worry

7.

Someoneperhaps Emmanuel or Paul__________ the right wine to serve with earthworm


lasagna.
A.
B.
C.
D.

8.

These scissors __________ so dull that I'm not sure you could slice butter with them!
A.
B.
C.
D.

9.

gobbles
gobble
gobbled
will gobble

At Wendy's Washateria, each of the industrial washing machines _________ so forcefully


during the spin cycle that new patrons dash outside, convinced that an earthquake is shaking
the building.
A.
B.
C.
D.

13.

costs
cost
will cost
had cost

At Wendy's Washateria, all of the dryers _________ six quarters before spinning wet clothes
dry.
A.
B.
C.
D.

12.

has
have
had
will have

The good jewelry Dad gave Sara for graduation __________ more than the cheap leather
wallet that David got as his reward for finishing high school.
A.
B.
C.
D.

11.

is
are
has been
had been

Physics __________ proven to be Jerry's easiest subject this semester. He brings Carol, the
lab assistant, an oatmeal-raisin cookie, and, as his reward, she finishes his report.
A.
B.
C.
D.

10.

knew
will know
knows
know

rocks
rock
rocked
will rock

Everyone at Wendy's Washateria, even Myra and old Mrs. Webster, __________ that she
could afford her own washer and dryer at home.
A.
B.
C.
D.

wished
have wished
wish
wishes

14.

Every cereal bowl and casserole dish _________ slipped out of Sheilas soapy hands and
shattered on the hard tile of the kitchen floor. Sheila really needs to buy a dishwasher.
A.
B.
C.
D.

15.

Not only fat caterpillars but also my neighbor's rabbits __________ chewed my poor tomato
plants to leafless nubs.
A.
B.
C.
D.

16.

was
were
is
are

The eight slots on Pam's extra large toaster __________ that no one has to fight over frozen
waffles during breakfast.
A.
B.
C.
D.

20.

is
are
was
were

Either The Matrix or Aliens ___________ Sam's favorite science-fiction movie.


A.
B.
C.
D.

19.

seemed
had seemed
seems
seem

Even after winning the away game, the girl's basketball team __________ gloomy because
Coach Cox will insist that the players return to their hotel rooms to study for next weeks
classes.
A.
B.
C.
D.

18.

has
have
will have
had

Two cups of sliced jalapeno peppers ___________ extreme for a single batch of burrito filling,
but that's the amount in Felipe's recipe.
A.
B.
C.
D.

17.

has
have
will have
had

meant
will mean
means
mean

"Here __________ the box of broken appliances that you promised to repair," Bob reminded
Sue, his wife.
A.
B.
C.
D.

is
are
will be
have been

21.

Statistics __________ become Matt's favorite subject because for fifty minutes three times a
week he gets to study the beautiful curls on the back of Bettys head.
A.
B.
C.
D.

22.

Eltons newest pair of eyeglasses __________ corrected his vision so well that this young
man clearly sees the lovely Miranda sneering at his nerdy appearance.
A.
B.
C.
D.

23.

disagrees
disagree
disagreed
will continue to disagree

When the fire alarm starts ringing, Mrs. Hoff is one of those teachers who __________ that
class continue on the lawn outside.
A.
B.
C.
D.

25.

have
had
has
will have

The class __________ about the solution to the stuffy condition of the room; ten students
want to open the window, but the others remember the flood of frightened cockroaches that
poured in the last time Mr. Frampton released the window from the frame.
A.
B.
C.
D.

24.

has
have
had
will have

insists
insist
insisted
has insisted

Mrs. Hoff and Mrs. Phillips __________ that class time is precious and should not be wasted
because of someone's immature prank.
A.
B.
C.
D.

believes
believe
believed
will believe

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

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Name

Date

Word Choice Exercise 1: Their, There, and They're


This handout accompanies Exercise 1 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Fill in the blanks with the appropriate choicetheir, there, or they're.
1.

Unable to tolerate the dust one moment longer, Elizabeth spent the afternoon cleaning the
living room tables and shelves. Now __________ slippery with furniture polish, glowing in the
sunlight that spills through the open window.

2.

"Oh, no! _________ are lima beans on my plate!" screamed Noel before he fainted with a
thud on the dining room floor.

3.

Nothing makes Dianes cat Big Toe Joe happier than a laundry basket full of fresh warm
towels. _________ he will sleep, purring in contentment and shedding long white hair on the
clean terry cloth.

4.

Mrs. O'Shea spent the day steam cleaning the living room floor. Now her children can hardly
find the kitchen without __________ trail of dirty footprints leading the way.

5.

Dolly hates dogs more than snakes or cockroaches. She believes that canines are loathsome
creatures because _________ only goal in life is to kill her front lawn with urine.

6.

Behind the sofa _________ is a collection of desiccated broccoli spears that Simon, the
family cocker spaniel, carries away for Noel, who cannot stomach the vegetable.

7.

The knives in Roseanne's kitchen are encrusted with bits of brownie and smears of dried
mustard. _________ is no way a doctor would ever consider operating with any instrument
that Roseanne had washed!

8.

Bentley, our neighbor's basset hound, has toenails that are so long that ________ curled like
macaroni noodles at the ends of his paws.

9.

Noel carefully sliced each Brussels sprout in half, carefully scrutinizing the heart of the little
cabbage. He always worries that ________ might be a worm buried in the middle.

10.

Casey and Tamara had plenty of privacy for kissing because _________ were six sheets
drying on the clothesline in the backyard.

11.

Warren hates cleaning the bathroom because his brothers always leave globs of toothpaste
in the sink, and _________ dirty underwear hangs from the doorknobs or lies in damp piles
on the tile floor.

12.

Raymond's parakeets love to sit on his head; _________ droppings litter his shoulders like
flakes of dandruff.

13.

After a few ineffective swipes across the kitchen floor, Kristy returned the mop to the closet.
________ it would remain for another six months.

14.

In a frenzy of packing, the Gonzalez family even boxed their poodle, Chiquita. _________
moving into a new home tomorrow, and everything must be ready to go.

15.

Willard loves going food shopping late at night. The aisles are free of people, so ________ is
no one to see him sneaking grapes in the produce section or filching cookies from the bakery.

16.

Russell and his friend Ted dived into ________ car and sped out of the parking lot. Dripping
milkshake, Billy soon followed, shaking his fist and swearing revenge at the fleeing car.

17.

Lolita heaped her brother's plate with barbecue chicken, potato salad, and baked beans.
_________ was so much food that Henry needed two hands to carry the plate to the table.

18.

Eboni and Andrea can spend an entire paycheck during one trip to the mall. They eat at the
food court, shop for clothes and makeup, and buy popcorn and movie tickets with ________
last few dollars.

19.

Maria gasped in horror when she looked at her new leather furniture. ________ were
scratches and punctures all over the armrests from the sharp claws of her cat Brandy.

20.

After the long walk in the August heat, Norman's two dogs collapsed on the cool tiles of the
kitchen floor, tongues rolling from _________ mouths in exhausted panting.

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Word Choice Exercise 2: Their, There, and They're


This handout accompanies Exercise 2 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Fill in the blanks with the appropriate choicetheir, there, or they're.
1.

Because Tamara and Casey are always smooching in their car, __________ friends expect
them to arrive at least fifteen minutes late to dinners and movies.

2.

"Don't touch those cookies!" warned Mrs. Patterson. "__________ made with termites and
honey for Freddie, my pet anteater."

3.

Mom was furious when she arrived home from work. __________ were muddy paw prints on
the new white sofa, a huge grape juice stain on the carpeting, and a message from the high
school wanting to know why my little brother George wasn't in class.

4.

The Mitchells cut __________ grass so infrequently that early in the morning, you can find
wild rabbits feasting on the long green shoots.

5.

Dusty and Chris came to the essay exam without __________ dictionaries. The disapproving
look of Mrs. Mauzy, their teacher, haunted them for the entire test.

6.

My dog Oreo loves to chase things, especially the lizards sunning themselves on the
sidewalk; __________ not as dangerous as the two family cats who will stand their ground
and swipe her with sharp claws.

7.

Despite the complaints from his girlfriend Gloria, Frank continues to wear his old, dirty, smelly
sneakers because __________ the most comfortable shoes that he owns.

8.

Dallas and Kelly crammed until 4 a.m. for their final exam in accounting; __________ hoping
for As on the test to bump their wretched averages up to Cs.

9.

I'm starving! Are __________ any more leftover honey-roasted grasshoppers in the fridge?

10.

Paulette and Judi tried to eat the cafeteria hamburgers, but the brown lettuce, cold meat, and
stale buns were making __________ stomachs queasy.

11.

Because my careless roommate Jennifer is always dripping grape juice, you will find purple
spots here and __________ on the carpeting.

12.

Julia has put her house up for sale because the neighbors are driving her crazy. They play
loud music until 2 a.m., after which __________ German shepherd barks for another three
hours.

13.

Both of Clarks grandfathers wear toupees because they don't want to blind any beautiful
women with __________ shiny bald heads.

14.

Derrick's coworkers at Bernies Burger Emporium never get hungry because __________
always popping onion rings into their mouths when the managers aren't looking.

15.

The students put __________ heads on the desks and groaned, for Professor Tighe had just
assigned another four chapters of Moby-Dick, a novel that they all found tedious to read.

16.

Is __________ a possibility that we can abandon our plans to rake the yard and spend the
day at the mall instead?

17.

"Look over _________ !" shouted Lenny. In the direction he was pointing, we saw a funnel
cloud descending from the sky and roaring in our direction.

18.

Kay has a huge collection of DVDs, everything from "How To" titles to Mae West movies.
__________ all lined up in alphabetical order, filling five bookcases in the living room.

19.

Michael blasts hip hop music from his car stereo, annoying the drivers trapped beside him at
traffic lights. __________ looks of disapproval don't register, however, as he grooves with the
heavy bass that pounds through his open windows.

20.

Sheba and Cindy Sue, the family cats, keep Jeanne from sleeping past 6 a.m. __________
meows of hunger can wake her from the deepest sleep.

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Word Choice Exercise 3: Lose and Loose


This handout accompanies Exercise 3 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Fill in the blanks with the appropriate choicelose or loose.
1.

Pizza for lunch was such a treat that Clifford refused to __________ his place in the cafeteria
lineeven though all of his money was in the car.

2.

Clarissa ducked into a doorway, for the strong wind was blowing her long, __________ hair
onto her double scoops of rocky road ice cream.

3.

Flying __________ in the house, Jacques visited every mirror where he chirped to the
handsome green parakeet who met him on the other side of the glass.

4.

Gabrielle doesnt want to __________ her locker key, so she wears it on her charm bracelet,
where it jingles with a diamond-eyed poodle, a gold skate, and an emerald-studded four-leaf
clover.

5.

If you __________ a sock in a washing machine, Mrs. Chen, the Laundromat owner, will
make a puppet with it to amuse the children who visit.

6.

Everyone snickered as Bruce walked by, for __________ dog hair clung to the back of his
black pants.

7.

Michael purchased a two-liter bottle of soda and a one-pound bag of chocolate-covered


peanuts so that he would not __________ momentum finishing his critical analysis of
Melvilles Moby-Dick.

8.

A __________ board on the back staircase squeals like a dying mouse whenever someone
climbs to the second floor.

9.

If you have a fascination with ancient Egypt, dont take a class with Dr. McConnell, whose
boring lectures make anyone quickly __________ interest.

10.

Franklin fought to keep his eyes open, but the __________ structure of the plot and poor
characterization of the main characters made him fall asleep in the middle of the play.

11.

Peggy smelled the faint odor of last summers barbecue as she lifted the __________ cover
draping the gas grill.

12.

Aida hates to __________ her place in a book, so she not only turns down the corner of a
page but also adds Start here in pen, even to library books!

13.

As Jane leaned over the potato salad, her __________ hair fell over her shoulders and
dragged through the mayonnaise.

14.

So that Mrs. Hoff doesnt __________ a single minute of class time, she watches the second
hand sweep across the twelve, indicating the hour has started, and then launches into her
lecture.

15.

__________ the dogs from their leashes, Rachel watched as her whippets streaked in circles
in the dog park field.

16.

Pulling a cantaloupe from the bottom of the pyramidal display will cause the rest of the
melons to crash to the floor, rolling __________ without organization imposed by the produce
managers.

17.

Because Gisela always borrows pens and then quickly __________ them, her friends no
longer volunteer their extras.

18.

Grandma believes that clothing color indicates a persons character. Wearing pinks, reds, or
orangeswhether male or female, whether shirts, socks, or tiesindicates __________
morals in Grandmas book.

19.

Jessie found enough __________ change in her book bag to buy either a root beer or a bag
of chips; she contemplated the difficult decision between sweet or salty.

20.

Reggie will not __________ the 100-meter race because Bianca, the girl of his dreams, is
watching from the bleachers.

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Word Choice Exercise 4: Lose and Loose


This handout accompanies Exercise 4 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Fill in the blanks with the appropriate choicelose or loose.
1.

Stuffed with novels, the cheap bookcase sagged to the right, so Angela tightened the
__________ screws before the shelves collapsed.

2.

Kamaria wiggled her __________ tooth, hoping to find a five-dollar bill under her pillow when
the incisor finally came out.

3.

Because Regina removes her engagement ring to wash her hands, her fianc Emilio is
certain she will ________ the beautiful diamond in a public restroom.

4.

Glendas Yorkshire terrier escaped under the fence and ran __________ in the front yard,
yipping ferociously at cars that drove past the house.

5.

If Terrence continues skipping class, he will not only fail Freshman Composition but also
__________ his scholarship.

6.

With the __________ change Robert found on the bedroom table, he can buy a soda to drink
with his peanut butter sandwich.

7.

Grandma decided to buy Jason a belt for Christmas. She disliked the __________ jeans that
hung on his hips, revealing his polka-dotted boxer shorts.

8.

Raisin-sized droppings littered the living room floor, so Eric knew his roommates rabbit had
once again escaped her cage and was __________ in the apartment.

9.

Old Professor Seymour will frequently __________ his train of thought in the middle of an
explanation; he must ask the class what they were discussing before he can continue the
lecture.

10.

If you leave the turkey on the cutting board, you will __________ it to Billy, the familys Irish
wolfhound, whose head easily reaches the countertop.

11.

The director warned Samuel that he would __________ computer lab privileges if she ever
again caught him downloading research papers at schoolsucks.com.

12.

Everyone warned Dusty that he would __________ his girlfriend if he insisted on singing in
the car, but he continued belting out country ballads in his scratchy, off-tune voice.

13.

Sanford untucked his __________ shirt, hoping to conceal his pockets bulging with bootleg
snacks that he wanted to sneak into the movie theater.

14.

Kimberly thought she would surely __________ her mind trying to keep up with the pages
and pages of homework assigned by Dr. Frazier, her organic chemistry professor.

15.

My basenji Oreo never misses an opportunity to meet another dog. Just yesterday, she
slipped out of her __________ collar and bolted after a dachshund trotting beside its owner.

16.

Rachel prefers to wear __________ clothing but learned that a snug fitting shirt was best for
yoga class since it wouldnt fall over her head during the downward dog pose.

17.

Dianes beagle Reliable loves to visit Kendon Horse Park, where he can run __________ in
the big pastures, tracking rabbits with his keen nose.

18.

Because we often find Isabelles car keys or cell phone in the refrigerator, we wonder if she
has a screw __________.

19.

Betsys grandmother hasnt seen a movie since the 1970s because of the __________
morals she observed on screen.

20.

Fall semester registration can be time consuming and frustrating. Bring a magazine and a
bottle of water so that you do not __________ your patience while waiting in the long lines for
academic advising and financial aid.

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Word Choice Exercise 5: Loss and Lost


This handout accompanies Exercise 5 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Fill in the blanks with the appropriate choiceloss or lost.
1.

A bolt of lightning crashed outside the window, disrupting the power and causing the
computer to reboot. Kim __________ two big paragraphs of her research essay and four new
entries to the works cited page.

2.

Chris searched the apartment for his Environmental Studies textbook. Its __________ would
mean spending another $75 in the bookstore so that he could study for his final exam.

3.

After the Smiths moved, no one mourned their __________. Their noisy parties, unkempt
yard, and ferocious dogs had won them no friends in the neighborhood.

4.

Madeline grabbed Kebos leash even more tightly as she read the flyer announcing a $100
reward for a __________ dog.

5.

Rosita gave a wide smile to show the gap where she had wiggled out an incisor. In the
morning, she could expect a five-dollar bill under her pillow for the __________ tooth.

6.

Richard ducked out of Titos Taco Palace when he spied Juan and Jessica sharing a large
order of nachos. Richard regretted not only the __________ of Jessica, his ex-girlfriend, but
also that of Juan, his best friend since middle school.

7.

We looked everywhere for the pink sockincluding under all the furniture and in the dryer.
The gurgling stomach of Chewbacca, Danas new puppy, might explain the __________.

8.

The __________ set of keys eluded Sara, who was already behind schedule and couldnt risk
angering her manager Mr. Latoya with another late arrival to work.

9.

Bernard __________ thirty points from his essay grade for not parroting Dr. Graysons
analysis of the novel.

10.

Cary stared at the top of his head in the bathroom mirror. He worried that the loose strands in
the sink signified impending hair __________ and eventual baldness.

11.

__________ in the crowd of holiday shoppers, Melinda hoped to find her friends as she no
longer had money for a bus ride home.

12.

After a strict diet of low-calorie dog food, Sylvias Labrador retriever no longer resembles a
beach ball on sticks. In fact, the __________ of weight enables Hooper to catch Frisbees in
midair again.

13.

Unable to please Professor Markham with anything he wrote, Anthony withdrew from his
contemporary literature class. The three-credit __________ will make a summer semester
mandatory if he hopes to graduate next year.

14.

__________ in a new sci-fi novel, Jerrod didnt realize that the slices of pizza he was
reheating were blackening in the oven.

15.

Esmeralda was forced to sneak peeks at Jeffreys chemistry exam because she had
__________ the crib sheet she had carefully prepared the night before.

16.

When Jeffrey caught Esmeralda sneaking peeks at his chemistry exam, he immediately
__________ respect for his tablemate.

17.

Jeffreys __________ of respect for Esmeralda means that she will not have his company at
next weeks homecoming festivities.

18.

When Tamika left her biology notebook on the city bus, she regretted the __________ of her
twelve-page research paper more than the twenty-dollar bill tucked in a pocket.

19.

The impending hurricane season inspired the Martinez family to cut down the huge oak tree
that towered over the house. The __________ of shade annoyed Mr. Martinez the most as he
had the responsibility of paying the higher electric bill.

20.

In the homestretch, as competitors began reducing the distance of his lead, Charlie knew the
__________ of the race was inevitable as his legs had no more speed to give.

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Word Choice Exercise 6: Who and Whom


This handout accompanies Exercise 6 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Fill in the blanks with the appropriate choicewho or whom.
1.

Kerry Ann, __________ hates spiders, wears bug-stomping boots wherever she goes.

2.

Professor Borglum glared at Reggie, __________ spent the entire class drawing space aliens
in the margins of the lecture outline.

3.

Into the dark apartment walked David, __________ we nearly killed with surprise when
everyone shouted Happy Birthday and jumped from behind the furniture.

4.

In desperation, Belinda sought help from Professor White, __________ she knew preferred
playing solitaire on his computer to assisting students during office hours.

5.

The doctor explained that Rex, __________ we had rushed to the veterinary clinic, would not
die after eating eight bananas that he stole off the kitchen counter.

6.

Tim was too embarrassed to say anything to Deidre, __________ had sauted spinach
caught between two teeth.

7.

Grandma bought Freddie, __________ wears black T-shirts exclusively, a button-down white
oxford shirt and a navy blue blazer for Christmas.

8.

Grandma, __________ Freddie loves despite her bad taste in clothing, believes that a blue
blazer is an essential component of a young mans wardrobe.

9.

__________ believes that Kyle will eat the tarantula fried in garlic and olive oil?

10.

Kyle, __________ will take anyones dare, no matter how outrageous, smacked his lips in
anticipation of the fried tarantula.

11.

The game show host presented a trophy and a $500 check to Kyle, __________ Sara
refused to give a congratulatory kiss.

12.

Oliver, __________ hates to cut the lawn, pushed the heavy mower through the tall grass
rather than face a fine by the homeowners association.

13.

With __________ will Scoobie attend the homecoming festivities, the handsome Jake or the
nerdy William?

14.

We gave our crunchy apple cookies to Marilyn, __________ spit the first bite into a napkin
and declared our new recipe crapples.

15.

Melissa searched the house for her little brother Morgan, __________ she found asleep on a
pile of clean towels.

16.

__________ will you invite to dinner this Saturday? Warn the person that Rhonda has
promised to make squid eyeball stew!

17.

Since she arrived late, Clarissa had to decide between __________ she wished to sit, the
prankster boys or the gossipy girls.

18.

If her humans are home, Santana will bark her head off should a stray leaf blow onto the
grass, but when the humans leave for work, she sleeps all day, no matter __________ enters
the yard.

19.

Richie, __________ tailgates so closely that he can rest his chin on the trunk of the car in
front of him, inspires many angry gestures from other drivers.

20.

Ingrid, __________ we admire for her quick wit and repartee, was speechless when she
received a D- on her first paper for Professor ONeil.

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Word Choice Exercise 7: Who and Whom


This handout accompanies Exercise 7 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Fill in the blanks with the appropriate choicewho or whom.
1.

Diane insisted that her appointment was with Roberto, the only stylist __________ she would
trust with her hair.

2.

To __________ has Michelle spilled the delicious gossip about Jude and Marie?

3.

Juan dreaded another football camp with Coach Hayden, _________ insisted that players
collapse on the field before he would give them permission to leave a workout early.

4.

Marina registered for American Literature, even though the professor was TBA. She prayed
that she would not find herself in a classroom with Dr. Carson, the one professor __________
no one can please.

5.

__________ ate the leftover casserole? Everyone does know that Frederick is experimenting
with bugs as food for his sociology class, right?

6.

Although Tom prefers Grandmas company when gossiping at family barbecues, his
mother is the woman __________ he admires the most.

7.

Joey contemplated his suck-up options as he waited for Professor Orson, the teacher
__________ might ruin Joeys perfect 4.0 GPA.

8.

For __________ has Jennifer cooked the delicious Italian dinner, complete with a fried squid
appetizer?

9.

Mr. Martinez decided to fire Roseanne, the cashier __________ could never make correct
change.

10.

__________ did you find to keep your noisy, smelly, annoying beagle while you are on
vacation?

11.

Yolanda asked her fianc Cesar to ride home with Brittney, __________ the other girls would
not trust with their own boyfriends.

12.

Sylvia cringed when Dr. Frasier paired her with Seymour, the one lab partner __________ no
one can stand.

13.

__________ else knows that Rhonda lost all her hair when she neglected to follow the
package directions on the home perm kit?

14.

Ryan gave a dozen chocolate-broccoli muffins to his sweetheart Natasha, __________


declared them the most delicious treat that she had ever tasted.

15.

Everyone at the gym stared at Kenny, __________ sang along at the top of his voice to the
Dolly Parton songs on his iPod.

16.

When you are walking at the park, do not try to stand your ground against Marjorie,
__________ will run you over with the baby carriage and then allow Moose, her sheltie, to nip
your heels.

17.

After a month of dating Ashley, Brad decided that he wasnt ready for a relationship with an
entomologist __________ spent more time looking for bugs when they dined al fresco than
listening to his football exploits.

18.

Carmen shook her head in disgust as another moronic driver blabbing on a cell phone nearly
steered into a pedestrian __________ the driver was too distracted to notice.

19.

Mrs. Ryerson, __________ is paranoid about identity theft, clutches her purse so tightly that
she has constant shoulder pain.

20.

When Isabelle sat down in the computer lab, she cursed the previous user __________ left
the keyboard sticky with melted chocolate.

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Word Choice Exercise 8: Whoever and Whomever


This handout accompanies Exercise 8 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Fill in the blanks with the appropriate choicewhoever or whomever.
1.

If you take biology with Professor Parker, be sure to read all of the assignment directions. He
gives As to __________ does exactly what he says.

2.

After taking a bad step, Glenda cursed __________ allowed a dog to defecate on her pristine
lawn.

3.

Belinda will welcome __________ Terry picks to join the study group, even if he chooses
another beautiful woman.

4.

__________ ate my last slice of leftover pizza will pay as soon as I catch the first whiff of
pepperoni breath.

5.

You can sit beside __________ you wish. Just remember that Grandpa will put you to sleep
with tales of what he could buy for 25 cents when he was a boy.

6.

Sherry will share her juicy bit of gossip with __________ she finds in the cafeteria.

7.

Professor Dunn can pick __________ she wants as our next author to study. Anyone will be
a big improvement over our month with Melville and that dreadful book, Moby-Dick.

8.

Jennifer will share her big bag of mixed nuts and dried cranberries with __________ sits
beside her in the cafeteria.

9.

While researching on the internet, Teresa readily believes __________ she reads, no matter
how outrageous, misguided, or just plain stupid the persons ideas are.

10.

At the end of the semester, Dr. Licata will leave piles of old books outside his office. He gives
these outdated editions to __________ wanders down the hallway and wants a free text.

11.

Chadwick will allow __________ needs a pencil or pen to borrow one, but he charges one
dollar per hour, hoping to earn enough money to buy a hotdog and soda at lunch.

12.

You can tell __________ seasoned this sauce that salt doesnt contribute to global warming
or destroy the rainforest.

13.

Grandpa shakes his fist and honks his horn at __________ he catches cutting into the
cushion of space that he likes to maintain between his vehicle and the one in front.

14.

__________ walks past the cookie jar and neglects to give Santana a biscuit will soon spy
her big, sad beagle eyes pleading for a treat.

15.

Samuel is desperate to pass his calculus class and thus win the admiration of the beautiful
Julie, so he will trust __________ his professor recommends as a good tutor.

16.

Mom says that she is withholding allowance from ___________ left all of those wet towels on
the bathroom floor.

17.

__________ used the microwave oven left splattered spaghetti sauce and crusted cheese all
over the interior.

18.

__________ is brave enough must kill the giant spider in the shower.

19.

You can recommend _________ you want for the cashier position. But dont waste my time
interviewing someone who cannot do the simple math necessary to make correct change.

20.

Despite Rogers disgust, Emily let the Great Dane puppy lick her entire face. Emily will kiss
__________ she pleases.

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Word Choice Exercise 9: Whose and Whos


This handout accompanies Exercise 9 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the interactive
version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Fill in the blanks with the appropriate choicewhose or whos.
1.

If you want to identify that ugly bug in your hair, ask Claudia, __________ collection of
beetles covers every inch of her bedroom walls.

2.

The biggest entertainment at the picnic was Louis, __________ ability to eat an entire hotdog
in one mouthful amazed everyone who watched him demonstrate this feat fifteen times.

3.

In the computer lab sits Veronica, __________ furiously typing as she attempts to meet Dr.
Williams nonnegotiable deadline for the research paper.

4.

__________ going to bait Jerrys hook and gut his fish if you invite your squeamish brother to
come fishing with us?

5.

Before you buy a pit bull or Rottweiler puppy, talk to Thomas, __________ attack hamster will
bite the fingers of any hand that enters its cage.

6.

As Mom stood in front of the frozen vegetables, she thought of Lorraine, __________ loathing
of lima beans would mean a dinners worth of complaints if Mom chose them for dinner.

7.

Pirouetting by the cash register is Celina, __________ as comfortable dancing in line at the
cafeteria as she is the in ballet studio.

8.

We all turned to stare at Brenda, __________ wacky hairstyle included feathers, ribbons, and
macaroni braided into her hair.

9.

Clive sat behind Julie, __________ long, curly, red hair dripped down her white shoulders like
strawberry syrup over vanilla ice cream.

10.

Tanya, __________ praying no one requests the last slice of cheese pizza, waited in the long
cafeteria line.

11.

Professor Byrnes sighed with impatience after he called on Kevin, __________ lack of
preparation always holds up the rest of the enthusiastic class.

12.

Jackie bought a half dozen tennis balls for her golden retriever Oliver, __________ bad habit
of chewing off the fuzzy skins is expensive.

13.

Francisco steeled himself for a 50-minute class with his theatrical math teacher,
___________ jerky hand movements cause students in the front row to cringe like beaten
dogs.

14.

Jerrod, __________ ashamed that he ate the last doughnut, is discreetly wiping strawberry
jelly from the corner of his mouth.

15.

Latoya chuckled as she watched her little brother Reggie, __________ little finger waved in
the air as he attempted sophistication while drinking hot tea.

16.

Our dog Cooper, __________ waiting politely under the table, expects a meatball from
everyone before dinner is over.

17.

__________ fungus-covered chicken salad sandwich is polluting the refrigerator in the


lounge?

18.

Mrs. Currall returned the A+ essay to Andre, __________ smile flashed despite his usual
surly attitude in class.

19.

Even though the lecture had begun, we knew we could soon expect Sasha, __________
always hitting the snooze button on the alarm instead of getting out of bed to be on time.

20.

__________ going to drive Raymond to the park? He spilled a chocolate milkshake on my


leather upholstery last week, so he cannot ride with me.

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Word Choice Exercise 10: Whose and Whos


This handout accompanies Exercise 10 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the
interactive version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Fill in the blanks with the appropriate choicewhose or whos.
1.

Give that glass of cold water to Stephen, __________ determined to finish the entire bowl of
squid eyeball stew.

2.

Stephen, __________ mouth burned after a big spoonful of the piping hot stew, grabbed the
glass of cold water and took a long drink.

3.

Up and down the long hallway paces Julio, __________ hoping that Mrs. Abbot will give him
one more extension for the research essay when she returns to her office.

4.

Professor Duncan returned the failing exam to Lornice, __________ poor performance on the
midterm confirmed her reputation as a slacker.

5.

While waiting in line at the register, Bryan stared at the cashier, __________ long, painted
fingernails curled like macaroni.

6.

Although we tried to concentrate on Mr. Nguyens lecture, we couldnt help eavesdropping on


Jerry, __________ loud voice boomed in the hallway as he chatted on his cell phone.

7.

Ernesto, __________ ignoring Glorias frequent telephone calls, hopes to see Jasmines
name and number pop up on his caller ID.

8.

During biology lab, Eddie cannot keep his mind off the beautiful redhead __________ dating
the jealous football player sitting beside her.

9.

Unable to remember a single cause of the French Revolution, Corey glanced at John,
__________ neat handwriting filled every available line in the exam book.

10.

Before you eat the cold leftovers in that casserole dish, talk to Katie, __________ taking a
microbiology class this semester and knows what miniscule creatures are crawling in the
food.

11.

When Daniel gets to Spanish class, he might summon his courage and talk to Lisa,
__________ been smiling at him for half a semester.

12.

Lisa, __________ smile lights up the classroom, has attracted the attention of Mario, who
enjoys flexing his biceps as the students recite long lists of conjugated verbs.

13.

Mario feels nothing but disdain for Daniel, __________ shyness keeps his eyes fixed on the
textbook instead of gazing at the lovely Lisa.

14.

Joey, __________ hoping to graduate with a perfect 4.0 GPA, worries that his chances are
evaporating since Professor Orson is so difficult to please.

15.

Hide that bottle of insect repellent from Maya, __________ down at the lake shore charming
the dragonflies.

16.

To avoid eating the stringy spears of asparagus, Markus sneaks them to his dog Cooper,
__________ willing to disappear anything drenched with butter.

17.

Sheila winked at Wilson, __________ cheeks blushed a bright pink.

18.

To earn the highest possible grade on his essays, Darren brings drafts to Gertrude,
__________ happy to show off her superior grammar skills while she edits his work.

19.

Isabelle glared at Derrick, __________ loud knuckle cracking interfered with her ability to
concentrate on the calculus quiz.

20.

After admiring the gold necklace at the jewelry counter, Marlene looked up from her empty
wallet to Wilfredo, __________ front pocket bulged with money he had gotten for his birthday.

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Word Choice Exercise 11: To, Too, and Two


This handout accompanies Exercise 11 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the
interactive version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Fill in the blanks with the appropriate choiceto, too, or two.
1.

After the marathon, Yolanda soaked her __________ sore feet in a bucket of warm water.

2.

Jessica agreed to jalapeno slices on her burrito. She regretted this decision __________
hours later as she chewed antacid tablets to relieve her heartburn.

3.

If you really want the answers to Dr. Hirtas calculus homework, bring a jelly donut
__________ Kristine, the smartest student in the class.

4.

The party next doorwith its laughter, shouting, and musicwas __________ loud, so Lisa
banged on her neighbors door to complain.

5.

As we were walking __________ the library, we met Benjamin and Maria, who tempted us
away from research with the promise of a hot cheese and pepperoni pizza.

6.

The slice of pizza was still __________ hot to eat, but Benjamin couldnt resist, blistering his
mouth with the first painful bite.

7.

Tony should buy an aquarium full of goldfish. A puppy would be __________ rambunctious
for his small apartment.

8.

Svetlana has __________ book bagsone that she wears on her shoulders and one that she
pulls on rollersto accommodate all of the big, heavy textbooks for her science courses.

9.

If you purchase __________ parakeets, they will sing to each other instead of interacting with
you.

10.

Whenever our parakeet chirps __________ loudly, we throw a towel over his cage.

11.

Instead of researching killer whales for Marine Biology, Jorge went __________ the beach.

12.

Martin dreaded going __________ the movies with his young cousins because they started
popcorn fights whenever the action onscreen got too slow.

13.

Diane was __________ short to reach the oatmeal, so the friendly stock clerk grabbed a box
for her.

14.

Gordon didnt want __________ miss Spanish class if his teacher Seora lvarez was
rewarding right answers with lollipops.

15.

We watched Sam lick the __________ fingers that he ran through the icing of Betty Lous
birthday cake.

16.

When Randall heard that Betty Lou got a pet tarantula, he wanted one __________.

17.

Randall picked up the tarantula, hoping __________ impress Betty Lou, who had a 10-foot
albino python draped over her shoulders.

18.

When Betty Lou accused Randall of being a coward, he __________ allowed the tarantula to
crawl on his head.

19.

Boom! Boom! We heard __________ big oak trees crash onto the street during the violent
hurricane.

20.

Tatiana took several deep breaths __________ savor the smoky barbecue aroma wafting
from her fathers gas grill.

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Word Choice Exercise 12: To, Too, and Two


This handout accompanies Exercise 12 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the
interactive version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Fill in the blanks with the appropriate choicesto, too, or two.
1.

Because Kyle had eaten __________ pizzas for lunch, he was __________ full at practice
__________ impress Coach Hayden, who was making football cuts that afternoon.

2.

Christopher managed to soak his sister Julie with __________ water balloons because the
lazy sitter was __________ involved in her afternoon soap operas __________ notice their
aggressive play.

3.

Applying makeup in the rearview mirror and driving over the speed limit were the __________
reasons that Officer Rodriguez decided __________stop Clarissa. He then wrote a ticket that
was __________ expensive for her tight budget.

4.

At night, the __________ hamsters made __________ much noise running on their squeaky
exercise wheel. Sam plans to return them __________ the pet store and fill the aquarium with
goldfish instead.

5.

The __________ puppies pounced on Felixs tail, but the cat ignored them as he was
__________ aloof __________ play.

6.

Jake bought __________ dozen roses for his girlfriend Cynthia, hoping that she wasnt
__________ angry that he had driven __________ New Smyrna Beach to surf with his
buddies.

7.

Tina has __________ much bad luck! She bought __________ new pens for her final exam
in International Politics. __________ her surprise, the test was multiple choice and required a
pencil for the answer sheet.

8.

__________ ponytails bobbed on the back of Brittneys head. They were __________
distracting __________ Eric, who sat mesmerized like a cat watching the mini blind cord
swaying in the breeze through an open window.

9.

Sienna ordered __________ extra shots of espresso in her cappuccino. Joshua would have
enjoyed the extra caffeine __________, but didnt want his hands __________ shake in
chemistry lab that afternoon.

10.

__________ cars ahead of Wanda was an idiot on a cell phone who was __________
distracted by the conversation __________ realize the light had changed.

11.

Arriving __________ late to take the quiz, Amy calculated the zero into her average. She
realized that she would need __________ 100s if she hoped __________ have the minimum
C- to pass the course.

12.

When Martha counted only __________ dollars in her wallet, she knew that she was
__________ broke for a sandwich and would have __________ settle for potato chips and a
canned soda for lunch.

13.

Mrs. Pickle, the librarian who is __________ mean __________ approach, scowled when we
removed the __________ large books on Renaissance art from the reference shelves.

14.

Like everyone else in my organic chemistry class, I __________ want a good grade, but I
refuse to bribe the lab assistant with __________ jelly donuts for extra time __________
finish this weeks experiment.

15.

__________ tired __________ clean up, Harry left the __________ half-eaten pizzas on the
kitchen counter even though he knew Felix the cat would hop up and eat the pepperoni
slices.

16.

The bottle cap was __________ tight __________ loosen by hand, so Shane used his teeth,
chipping __________ of them in the process.

17.

__________ neglected plants were drooping on the kitchen window ledge. Kelly, who was
__________ busy __________ notice, gulped a glass of cool water.

18.

Ronnie and Tyler were __________ busy doing math homework in the back row __________
take notes on Mrs. Smiths Shakespeare lecture. She will happily reward their behavior with
__________ Fs on the next exam.

19.

Attempting __________ eat more fruit and vegetables each day, Logan ordered a salad for
lunch. __________ hours later, his stomach was growling __________ loudly for Logan to
concentrate, so he bought a burger and fries to quiet the noise.

20.

Her __________ roommates were planning __________ eat pizza at Antonios. Sylvia
wanted to go __________ but knew an A on her psychology exam would be more
pleasurable than hot cheese and sauce on her tongue.

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Word Choice Exercise 13: Its and Its


This handout accompanies Exercise 13 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the
interactive version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Fill in the blanks with the appropriate choicesits or its.
1.

As strawberry ice cream dribbled down the cone and over his hand, Jerry complained,
__________ so hot out here that my tongue cant keep up!

2.

The frozen cappuccino sat forgotten on the table. __________ sweating cup formed a ring on
the polished wood.

3.

The cockroaches and ants are very happy since __________ been over a week since
Tommy has washed dishes or taken out the trash.

4.

__________ obvious that Professor Grayson hates us. She wouldnt keep assigning 150
pages of reading for every class if she liked us!

5.

Just as Jackie was completing the last question on the essay test, her pen ran out of ink;
__________ ball point dug into the paper but left no words.

6.

When the realtor unlocked the door of the old house, Beverly and Bill gasped in
disappointment, for __________ floor undulated with warped wood.

7.

Francisco decided against a golden retriever puppy as __________ thick coat of long fur
would be a vacuuming nightmare.

8.

__________ all over, announced the lone race official as Veronica crossed the finish line
five hours after the winning runner.

9.

We assume that our neighbors orange tomcat is off on a feline adventure. __________ been
a week since weve found paw prints on the hoods of our cars.

10.

Malinda spooned yogurt into her mouth, savoring __________ cool, creamy blueberry flavor.

11.

Be careful when you close that notebook, warned Michael. __________ rings will snap
right through your finger!

12.

__________ time you found a summer job, Mom declared as she pushed Sonnys feet from
the coffee table and turned off the television.

13.

__________ not too late for Ricardo to pass his chemistry class. He just needs to give his
attention to Dr. Wilson instead of flirting with Josephine, his pretty lab partner.

14.

__________ been seven years since Ive seen you! squealed Sophia when she spied
Jerome thumping cantaloupes in the produce section.

15.

Clive held the comic book under a magnifying glass, studying __________ spine and corners.
He looked for flaws that would help him negotiate a better price.

16.

Kay hates to find grapes in her salad as __________ too difficult to stab them with a plastic
fork.

17.

Opening the door with __________ nose, the puppy entered the bathroom to steal another
roll of toilet paper.

18.

__________ either buttered squid tentacles or braised frog legs for dinner, Mom
announced.

19.

The octopus tested the cooler lid with a tentacle, planning __________ escape off the pier.

20.

The old car struggled up the steep hill, __________ engine sputtering and choking with the
effort.

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

Name

Date

Word Choice Exercise 14: Its and Its


This handout accompanies Exercise 14 of Grammar Bytes! Get the answers by doing the
interactive version of the exercise at this address: http://chompchomp.com/exercises.htm
Directions: Fill in the blanks with the appropriate choicesits or its.
1.

The puppy was unsure if shredding a roll of toilet paper was worthy of praise or a squirt from
the water bottle, so it wagged __________ tail with hesitation.

2.

__________ been quite a challenge, Eric admitted as he shook hands with Dr. OSullivan
on the last day of class.

3.

The cup of hot tea sat on __________ saucer, tendrils of steam rising into the air.

4.

When Yolanda opened the garden shed door, __________ rusty hinges screamed for oil.

5.

__________ kind of you to compliment the landscaping, but Grandpa really needs to sell that
rusty old car sitting on cinderblocks.

6.

Clarissa sprinkled hot pepper flakes on the arm rests. __________ important that the puppy
learns not to chew on the sofa.

7.

Every time Sophies thumb hit the space bar, she winced. __________ a real disadvantage to
slice open a finger while chopping celery if a major research essay is due the next day!

8.

The blow dryer whined beside Carlas ear, __________ hot breath burning her scalp.

9.

Get out of the house! Mom ordered. __________ too beautiful outside to sit here playing
video games!

10.

__________ a shame that Theo wont try the squid eyeball stew since Marilyn has made a
really excellent batch this time.

11.

The abandoned textbook lay on the coffee shop table, __________ pages ruffled by the
breeze.

12.

Tell Charlie that he has 15 minutes to finish. __________ imperative that he turn in his essay
on time since Professor Parker refuses to accept late work.

13.

Tony marked his answer sheet with a sharp pencil, __________ point nearly piercing the
thick paper.

14.

The cat crouched underneath the oak tree; __________ tail twitched as the feline watched
the squirrel in the branches above.

15.

Sylvia sprayed furniture polish on the ancient table. __________ surface gleamed until the
cleaner evaporated, leaving the same old, scarred wood.

16.

Saundra sat in the saddle, yelling Giddyup! The horse, however, lowered __________ head
to graze, ignoring her command.

17.

__________ already two weeks overdue! exclaimed Professor Zuromski as Byron begged
for another extension on his research essay.

18.

"__________ been forever since you baked chocolate-broccoli muffins," squealed Sienna as
she took her first bite.

19.

The stray dog wagged __________ tail, hoping that Nate would share his ham and cheese
sandwich.

20.

Beethoven played on the old stereo with __________ one bad speaker popping and crackling
like bacon frying in a pan.

1997 - 2013 by Robin L. Simmons


All Rights Reserved.

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