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SMK Dato Harun, Tanjong Karang, Selangor

Title:
The Latest Open Source Software Available
and
the Latest Development in ICT

Name: Muhammad Amir Aizat bin Mohd Zamri


Form: 4 Bestari

1.0 Introduction
Open Source Hardware Consists of physical artifacts of technology designed and
offered by the open design movement. It is created by this open source culture movement
and applies a like concept to a variety of components. The term usually means that
information about the hardware is easily discerned. Hardware design such as mechanical
drawings, schematics, bills of material, PCB layout data, HDL source code and
integrated circuit layout data, in addition to the software that drives the hardware, are all
released with the FOSS (free and open-source software) approach.

Open Source Software - Computer software with its source code made available
and licensed with a license in which the copyright holder provides the rights to study,
change and distribute the software to anyone and for any purpose. Open-source software
is very often developed in a public, collaborative manner. Open-source software is the
most prominent example of open-source development and often compared to technically
defined user-generated content or legally defined open-content movements.

Mozilla Firefox isAn


anexample
exampleof
ofOpen-source hardware
open source software

2.0 The Latest Open Source Operating System


2.1Meaning of Open Source OS

An operating system is a set of programs containing instructions that coordinate


all the activities among computer hardware resources. Most operating system
perform similar function that includes starting a computer, provide a user
interface, managing program, managing memory and configuring devices. Some
operating system also allows user to control a network and administer security.
Open Source Operating System is any operating system that is free to use and
which provides the original code where the source code is available (under a
copyright license) to the public, which enables them to use, modify / enhance the
operating system, and redistribute the modified (or unmodified) form of the
operating system. The advance user can modify the code of the operating system
to make it works better for them in starting the computer or a likely user
interface.

2.2 Example of open source OS


2.2.1 Android 4.4 (KitKat)
After three Jelly Bean releases in a row, Google has unleashed a major revision to
the world's most widely used operating system. With the Nexus 5 comes Android
4.4 "KitKat." KitKat brings a ton of enhancements: support for hidden system
and status bars, printer support, and lower memory usage. It also has a number of
user-level improvements, including a new dialer, a Google-infused home screen,
and a whole pile of UI refinements.

Android 4.4s logo


4
2.2.2 Microsoft Windows 8
Windows 8 is a personal computer operating system developed by Microsoft as
part of Windows NT family of operating systems. Development of Windows 8
started before the release of its predecessor, Windows 7, in 2009. It was
announced at CES 2011, and followed by the release of three pre-release
versions from September 2011 to May 2012. The operating system was released

to manufacturing on August 1, 2012, and was released for general availability


on October 26, 2012. Windows 8 introduced major changes to the operating
system's platform and user interface to improve its user experience on tablets,
where Windows was now competing with mobile operating systems, including
Android and iOS.

Microsoft Windows 8s logo

3.0 The Latest Open Source Application Hardware


3.1Meaning of open source application Software
Open source application software is computer software that is available in source
code form for which the source code and certain other rights normally reserved
for copyright holders are provided under a software license that permits users to
study, change, and improve the software. Open source licenses often meet the
requirements of the Open Source Definition. Some open source application
software is available within the public domain. Open source application software
is very often developed in a public, collaborative manner. Open source
application software is the most prominent example of open source development
and often compared to user-generated content or open content movements. The
term open source application software originated as part of a marketing campaign
for free application software.
5

3.2 Example of open source application software


3.2.1 Blender
Blender is a free and open-source 3D computer graphics software product
used for creating animated films, visual effects, art, 3D printed models,
interactive 3D applications and video games. Blender's features include 3D
modeling, UV unwrapping, texturing, rigging and skinning, fluid and smoke
simulation, particle simulation, soft body simulation, sculpting, animating,

match moving, camera tracking, rendering, video editing and compositing. It


also features a built-in game engine.

Blenders logo

3.2.2 GNU Image Manipulation


Program

Blenders welcome
screen

GIMP is a raster graphics editor used


for image retouching and editing,
free-form

drawing,

resizing,

cropping, photo-montages, converting between different image formats, and


more specialized tasks. Developers and maintainers of GIMP strive to create a
high-end free app for creating and editing original images, photos, icons,
graphical elements of web pages, and art for graphical user interface elements.

GIMPs screenshot

3.0 The Latest Development in ICT


3.2Hardware

Hp Photosmart 5510 (Previous)

Hp Photosmart 7520 (Latest)

-The Photosmart 5510 combines the - Photosmart 7520 can access Hewlettfunctionality of a printer, scanner, and Packard's ePrintCenter apps directly on
copier into a low-profile chassis finished the large 4.33-inch landscape display,
in matte black that jells with HP's though a wireless network is required to
current design aesthetic. It measures log in to the store. The Web connectivity
17.2 inches long by 5.8 inches tall and also

engages

HP's

suite

of

apps,

12.8 inches wide, so it won't occupy including the convenient ePrint service
your entire desktop like more full- that takes your print queue to the cloud
fledged multi-functions.

and adds remote printing. There is no

-In lab testing, the HP Photosmart 5510 shortage

of

useful

printer registered scores slightly faster ePrintCenter, not

to

apps

in

mention

the
high-

than the average for multifunction resolution yields for an affordable price
-In lab testing, the HP Photosmart 7520
devices at the $100 price point. It
printer registered scores slightly faster
churned out just over five pages of
than the average for multifunction
monochrome text, two pages of color
devices at the $200 price point. It
graphics, and about two and a half
churned out just over six pages of
PowerPoint slides per minute.
monochrome text per minute, produced
nearly four pages of color graphics in the
same span, and screamed past the
competition with 6.4 PowerPoint slides
in the same 60 seconds.

4.2 Software

Need For Speed The Run

Need For Speed Rivals

(Previous)

(Latest)

Release Date 15 November 2011


Platform

Microsoft

Windows,

19 November 2013
Xbox

360, Microsoft Windows, Playstation 3,

Playstation 3, Wii, Nintendo 3DS, Java Playstation 4, Xbox 360, Xbox One
Gameplay

ME
In The Run, players are participating in Rivals features gameplay somewhat
an "underground world of illicit, high similar to the earlier Hot Pursuit, with
stakes racing," in a race from San exotic cars and high-speed police
Francisco to New York, with stops chases. Players take on the role of a
through Las Vegas, Denver and many Racer or a Cop, with each side of the
other locations, making it the first title law offering its own set of challenges,
in the series to use real locations. The risks and rewards. Rivals features
cops aren't the only ones after the eleven upgradeable gadgets such as
player though, as the player "blows EMPs, shockwaves and the ability to
across borders, weaves through dense call in roadblocks. The game takes
urban

traffic,

rockets

down

icy place in a fictional location known as

mountain passes and navigates narrow Redview County. It's an open world
canyons at breakneck speeds." There and features over 100 miles (160 km)
are over 300 kilometres (190 mi) of of open road, larger than that of 2012's
track, three times more than Hot Most Wanted, but on the same size as
Pursuit, making it the biggest Need For Criterion's Hot Pursuit. The open
Speed game.

world features a similar set-up to Most


Wanted, with several jumps, speed
traps and unlockable cars

4 Pervasive Computing
4.1Meaning of pervasive computing

An advanced computing concept where computing is made to appear everywhere


and anywhere. In contrast to desktop computing, ubiquitous computing can occur
using any device, in any location, and in any format. A user interacts with the
computer, which can exist in many different forms, including laptop computers,
tablets, terminals and phones. The underlying technologies to support ubiquitous
computing include Internet, advanced middleware, operating system, mobile code,
sensors, microprocessors, new I/O and user interfaces, networks, mobile
protocols, location and positioning and new materials.

4.2Example of pervasive computing


4.2.1

Smartphones
A smartphone, or smart phone, is a term for distinguishing mobile
phones with advanced features from basic feature phones. Early
smartphones typically combined the features of a mobile phone with
those of another popular consumer device, such as a personal digital
assistant (PDA), a media player, a digital camera, and/or a GPS
navigation unit. Modern smartphones include all of those features plus
the features of a laptop, including web browsing, Wi-Fi, and 3rd-party
apps and accessories.

Examples of Smartphones

4.2.2

Smart TV
A smart TV, sometimes referred to as connected TV or hybrid TV, (not
to be confused with IPTV, Internet TV, or with Web TV), describes a
trend of integration of the Internet and Web 2.0 features into television
sets and set-top boxes, as well as the technological convergence
between computers and television sets and set-top boxes. The devices
have a higher focus on online interactive media, Internet TV, over-the-

top content, as well as on-demand streaming media, and home


networking access, with much less focus on the traditional
broadcasting media that traditional television sets and set-top boxes
offers.

An Example of Smart
TV

Conclusion
Open Source can be used

by anyone and

because

copyright

it

has

no

claims, so users are free to

use, change, and

improve the software, and

to redistribute it

in modified or unmodified forms. Pervasive Computing is to make our lives easier


because we can interact with computers. Besides that, we can easily give the
computer commands and the computer will grant your wish.

Reference

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ubiquitous_computing
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open-source_hardware
http://mbarhanudin.blogspot.com/2010/07/open-source-operating-system.html
http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20081102050802AADL1yf