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1.

UMTS RNP notations and principles

Notations (1)
Received power and
power density

Received (useful) signal


Thermal Noise
Thermal Noise at receiver

Interference intra-cell

Interference extra-cell
Interference

Power
[dBm]
C
(or RSCP)

Power
Density
[dBm/Hz
]
Ec

-108.1

Nth=-174

Iintra
(Iown)
Iextra
(Iother;Iinter)
I

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Comment
(Power Density=Power/B
with B=3.84MHz)
Ec = Energy per chip=C/B
Nth = k.T0 with k=1.38E-20mW/Hz/K
(Bolztmann constant) and T0=293K (20C)
N =-108.1dBm+NFreceiver [dB] (=Thermal
noise + Noise generated at receiver)
interference received from transmitters
located in the same cell as the receiver
Note: C is included in Iintra

interference received from transmitters not


located in the same cell as the receiver
I=Iintra+ Iextra
(no Thermal noise at receiver included)
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1.2

UMTS RNP notations and principles

Notations (2)
Received power and
power density
Total received power
(Total noise)
Total received power
(Total noise without
useful signal)

Power
[dBm]
I+N
(RSSI)

I+N-C

Power
Density
[dBm/Hz]
Io

Comment
Power Density=Power/B with
B=3.84MHz
I+N= Iintra+ Iextra +N
Note: C is included in (I+N)

No

No=( Iintra+ Iextra +N-C)/B

(Nt)

Note: C is not included in No

Note: Io can be measured with a good precision, whereas No is not easy to


measure (but it is useful for theoretical demonstrations)

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1.2

UMTS RNP notations and principles

Notations (3)
Ratio

Received
energy per chip
over noise

in [dB]

Comment

Ec/Io

Here noise=Io
This ratio can be accurately measured: it is used for physical
channels without real information bits, especially for CPICH (Pilot
channel)

Ec/No
(C/I)*

Received
energy per bit
over noise

Required
energy per bit
over noise

Eb/No

Here noise=No
This ratio is difficult to measure, but is useful for theoretical
demonstrations: it is used for physical channels with real
information bits, especially for P-CCPCH and UL/DL dedicated
channels.
Eb/No=Ec/No+PG with PG (Processing Gain) = 10 log [(3.84
Mchips/s) / (service bit rate)]
e.g. for speech 12.2 kbits/s, Processing Gain = 25dB
Fixed value which depends on service bit rate...(see 3.5)

(Eb/No)req Eb/No shall be equal or greater than the (Eb/No)


req

*This ratio is often written with the classical GSM notation C/I (Carrier over Interference ratio): this notation is
incorrect, it should be C/(I+N-C)
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1.2

UMTS RNP notations and principles

Notations (4)
Two more
interesting
ratios!
f

(or little i)

Noise Rise

in [dB]

Iextra / Iintra

(I+N)/N

Comment
In a homogenous network (same traffic and user
distribution in each cell), f is a constant in uplink.

Typical value for macro-cells with omni-directional


antennas: 0.55 (in uplink)
Very useful UMTS ratio to characterize the moving
interference level I compare to the fixed Thermal Noise at
receiver level N.

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1.2

UMTS RNP notations and principles

Exercise (1/2)

Surrounding cells
Serving cell

Node
B

Assumptions:
-

n active users in the serving cell with speech service at 12.2kbits/s and
(Eb/No)req =6 dB

Received power at NodeB: C=-120dBm (for each user)

homogenous network (f=0.55)

NFNodeB = 4dB and NFUE =8dB

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1.2

UMTS RNP notations and principles

Exercise (2/2)
1. What is the processing gain for speech 12.2kbits/s ?
2. The users in the serving cell are located at different distance from the NodeB: is it
desirable and possible to have the same received power C for each user?
3. What is the value of the Thermal Noise at receiver N?
4. Complete the following table:
n

I +N

[users]

[dBm]

[dBm]

Noise
Rise [dB]

Ec/No

Eb/No

[dB]

[dB]

Comment

1
10
25
100

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