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Reference Manual

P O S I T I O N I N G

S Y S T E M S

Topcon
Receiver Utility
Version 2.5

Part Number 7010-0908


Rev F

Copyright Topcon Positioning Systems, Inc.


October, 2012
All contents in this manual are copyrighted by Topcon. All rights reserved.
The information contained herein may not be used, accessed, copied, stored,
displayed, sold, modified, published, or distributed, or otherwise reproduced
without express written consent from Topcon.

ECO#000301

Preface

Preface
Thank you for purchasing your Topcon receiver, survey product or
accessory (the Product). The materials available in this manual (the
Manual) have been prepared by Topcon Positioning Systems, Inc.
(TPS) for owners of Topcon products. This Manual is designed to
assist owners with the use of software (the Software) to be used
with the Product and its use is subject to these terms and conditions
(the Terms and Conditions).
NOTICE

NOTICE

Please read these Terms and Conditions carefully.

Terms and Conditions


USE This product is designed to be used by a professional. The user
should have a good knowledge of the safe use of the product and
implement the types of safety procedures recommended by the local
government protection agency for both private use and commercial
job sites.
COPYRIGHT All information contained in this Manual is the
intellectual property of, and copyrighted material of TPS. All rights
are reserved. You may not use, access, copy, store, display, create
derivative works of, sell, modify, publish, distribute, or allow any
third party access to, any graphics, content, information or data in this
Manual without TPS express written consent and may only use such
information for the care and operation of your Product. The
information and data in this Manual are a valuable asset of TPS and
are developed by the expenditure of considerable work, time and
money, and are the result of original selection, coordination and
arrangement by TPS.
P/N 7010-0908

Preface

TRADEMARKS HiPer, Topcon, and Topcon Positioning


Systems are trademarks of TPS. Windows is a registered
trademark of Microsoft Corporation. The Bluetooth word mark and
logos are owned by Bluetooth SIG, Inc. and any use of such marks by
Topcon Positioning Systems, Inc. used under license. Product and
company names mentioned herein may be trademarks of their
respective owners.
DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTY EXCEPT FOR ANY
WARRANTIES IN AN APPENDIX OR A WARRANTY CARD
ACCOMPANYING THE PRODUCT, THIS MANUAL, THE
PRODUCT, AND ANY ACCOMPANYING SOFTWARE ARE
PROVIDED AS-IS. THERE ARE NO OTHER WARRANTIES.
TPS DISCLAIMS ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY OF
MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR ANY PARTICULAR
USE OR PURPOSE. TPS AND ITS DISTRIBUTORS SHALL NOT
BE LIABLE FOR TECHNICAL OR EDITORIAL ERRORS OR
OMISSIONS CONTAINED HEREIN; NOR FOR INCIDENTAL
OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES RESULTING FROM THE
FURNISHING, PERFORMANCE OR USE OF THIS MATERIAL,
THE SOFTWARE, OR THE PRODUCT. SUCH DISCLAIMED
DAMAGES INCLUDE, BUT ARE NOT LIMITED TO, LOSS OF
TIME, LOSS OR DESTRUCTION OF DATA, LOSS OF PROFIT,
SAVINGS OR REVENUE, OR LOSS OF THE PRODUCTS USE.
IN ADDITION, TPS IS NOT RESPONSIBLE OR LIABLE FOR
DAMAGES OR COSTS INCURRED IN CONNECTION WITH
OBTAINING SUBSTITUTE PRODUCTS OR SOFTWARE,
CLAIMS BY OTHERS, INCONVENIENCE, OR ANY OTHER
COSTS. IN ANY EVENT, TPS SHALL HAVE NO LIABILITY
FOR DAMAGES OR OTHERWISE TO YOU OR ANY OTHER
PERSON OR ENTITY IN EXCESS OF THE PURCHASE PRICE
FOR THE PORDUCT.

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Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

Terms and Conditions

LICENSE AGREEMENT Use of the Software and any other


computer programs or software supplied by TPS or downloaded from
a TPS website (the Software) to be used with a Topcon Product
constitutes acceptance of these Terms and Conditions in this Manual
and an agreement to abide by these Terms and Conditions. The user is
granted a personal, non-exclusive, non-transferable license to use
such Software under the terms stated herein and in any case only with
a single Product or single computer. You may make one (1) backup
copy of the Software. Otherwise, the Software may not be copied or
reproduced. You may not assign or transfer the Software or this
license without the express written consent of TPS. This license is
effective until terminated. You may terminate the license at any time
by destroying the Software and Manual. TPS may terminate the
license if you fail to comply with any of the Terms or Conditions.
You agree to destroy the Software and manual upon termination of
your use of the Product. All ownership, copyright and other
intellectual property rights in and to the Software belong to TPS. If
these license terms are not acceptable, return any unused Software
and the Manual.
CONFIDENTIALITY This Manual, its contents and the Software
(collectively, the Confidential Information) are the confidential and
proprietary information of TPS. You agree to treat TPS Confidential
Information with a degree of care no less stringent than the degree of
care you would use in safeguarding your own most valuable trade
secrets. Nothing in this paragraph shall restrict you from disclosing
Confidential Information to your employees as may be necessary or
appropriate to operate or care for the Product. Such employees must
also keep the Confidentiality Information confidential. In the event you
become legally compelled to disclose any of the Confidential
Information, you shall give TPS immediate notice so that it may seek a
protective order or other appropriate remedy.

P/N 7010-0908

iii

Preface

WEBSITE; OTHER STATEMENTS No statement contained at


the TPS website (or any other website) or in any other advertisements
or TPS literature or made by an employee or independent contractor
of TPS modifies these Terms and Conditions (including the Software
License Agreement, Disclaimer of Warranty and limitation of
liability).
SAFETY Improper use of a Topcon Product can lead to injury to
persons or property and/or malfunction of the Product. The Product
should only be repaired by authorized TPS warranty service centers.
Users should review and heed the safety warnings in the manual
accompanying the Product.
MISCELLANEOUS The above Terms and Conditions may be
amended, modified, superseded, or canceled, at any time by TPS. The
above Terms and Conditions will be governed by, and construed in
accordance with, the laws of the State of California, without reference
to conflict of laws.

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Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

Manual Conventions

Manual Conventions
This manual uses the following conventions:
Example
Explanation
FileExit
Ctrl+M
Export
Name
Export OAF

TIP

Tap/press the File menu then tap/press Exit.


Press the Ctrl and M keys.
Tap/press the button or key labeled Export.
Indicates a field or tab on a dialog box or screen.
Indicates the name of a dialog box or screen.

TIP

Supplementary information that can help you configure,


maintain, or set up a system.
NOTICE

NOTICE

Supplementary information that can have an affect on


system operation, system performance, measurements, or
personal safety.

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Preface

Notes:

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Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

TOC

Table of Contents
Preface .................................................................... i
Terms and Conditions .......................................................... i
Manual Conventions ............................................................ v

Getting Started ....................................................... 1-1


Starting Topcon Receiver Utility (TRU) ............................. 1-1
Main Window ...................................................................... 1-2
The Menu Bar ............................................................... 1-2
The Tool Bar ................................................................. 1-3
The Status Bar ............................................................... 1-4
Application Modes ............................................................... 1-4
Register ................................................................................ 1-5
About Topcon Receiver Utility ........................................... 1-7
Setup .................................................................................... 1-8
General Settings ............................................................ 1-8
Modems Detection ........................................................ 1-9
Exiting the Program ............................................................. 1-10

Connection .............................................................. 2-1


Connection Parameters ........................................................ 2-2
Detecting Hardware ............................................................. 2-4
Disconnection Auto Detection ............................................. 2-5

Simple Terminal ...................................................... 3-1


Terminal ............................................................................... 3-3
Firmware .............................................................................. 3-6

Receiver Managing ................................................. 4-1


Terminal ............................................................................... 4-3
Information .......................................................................... 4-3
Options ................................................................................. 4-4

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Table of Contents

Upload OAF ..................................................................


Firmware Loader ..........................................................
Serial Port Connection ...........................................
USB, Bluetooth, Network connections ..................
Tools ....................................................................................
Receiver Settings .................................................................
Tracking ........................................................................
Positioning ....................................................................
General ...................................................................
GPS ........................................................................
GLONASS .............................................................
Galileo ....................................................................
SBAS ......................................................................
QZSS ......................................................................
OmniSTAR ............................................................
Ports ..............................................................................
Serial Ports .............................................................
Network ..................................................................
Bluetooth ................................................................
Power ............................................................................
Auto Seed ......................................................................
Point List ................................................................
Add New Point .......................................................
Volume Control ............................................................
Bluetooth .......................................................................
Status ...................................................................................
Position .........................................................................
Data Link ......................................................................
SVs List ........................................................................
Sky Plot .........................................................................
Scatter Plot ....................................................................
Position in Time ............................................................
Logging .........................................................................
Logging Messages ..................................................
Site Configuration ..................................................
File Explorer ........................................................................
Files ...............................................................................
Logs ..............................................................................

ii

4-6
4-8
4-8
4-11
4-13
4-14
4-15
4-19
4-19
4-21
4-22
4-23
4-23
4-26
4-27
4-29
4-35
4-36
4-40
4-41
4-41
4-42
4-44
4-45
4-47
4-49
4-49
4-50
4-51
4-54
4-55
4-56
4-57
4-58
4-59
4-60
4-60
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Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

Table of Contents

MINTER .......................................................................
Advanced Settings ..................................................
AFRM ...........................................................................
Modems ...............................................................................
Modem Properties .........................................................
GRS Tools ...........................................................................
Receiver .........................................................................
Modem ..........................................................................
Compass ........................................................................
Backpack Tools ...................................................................

4-66
4-67
4-68
4-69
4-71
4-76
4-78
4-79
4-80
4-82

Modem Managing ................................................... 5-1


Terminal ...............................................................................
Settings ................................................................................
General Information ......................................................
Modem Settings ............................................................
Modem Functions ..........................................................

5-2
5-2
5-3
5-3
5-4

Digital UHF Modem ................................................ 6-1


General Information ............................................................. 6-1
Modem Settings ................................................................... 6-2
Modem Functions ................................................................ 6-5

FH915 Plus Modem ................................................ 7-1


General Information ............................................................. 7-1
Modem Settings ................................................................... 7-2

Satel Modem ........................................................... 8-1


General Information ............................................................. 8-1
Modem Settings ................................................................... 8-1
Modem Functions ................................................................ 8-6

Topcon UHF460 Modem ........................................ 9-1


General Information ............................................................. 9-1
Modem Settings ................................................................... 9-1

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Table of Contents

Cinterion HC25/HC28/HC28J Modems .................. 10-1


General Information ............................................................ 10-1
Modem Settings ................................................................... 10-1
Modem Functions ................................................................ 10-3

Motorola G24 Modem ............................................. 11-1


General Information ............................................................ 11-1
Modem Settings ................................................................... 11-1
Modem Functions ................................................................ 11-3

Motorola C24 CDMA Modem .................................. 12-1


General Information ............................................................ 12-1
Modem Settings ................................................................... 12-2
Modem Functions ................................................................ 12-3

Motorola H24 Modem ............................................. 13-1


General Information ............................................................ 13-1
Modem Settings ................................................................... 13-1
Modem Functions ................................................................ 13-3

Wavecom Q24 CDMA Modem ................................ 14-1


General Information ............................................................ 14-1
Modem Settings ................................................................... 14-1
Modem Functions ................................................................ 14-2

Wavecom Q26 Elite CDMA Modem ....................... 15-1


General Information ............................................................ 15-1
Modem Settings ................................................................... 15-1
Modem Functions ................................................................ 15-2

Wavecom Q24 GSM Modem .................................. 16-1


General Information ............................................................ 16-1
Modem Settings ................................................................... 16-1
Modem Functions ................................................................ 16-3

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Table of Contents

Wavecom Q26 GSM Modem .................................. 17-1


General Information ............................................................. 17-1
Modem Settings ................................................................... 17-1
Modem Functions ................................................................ 17-3

Digital UHF II Modem ............................................. 18-1


General Information ............................................................. 18-1
Modem Settings ................................................................... 18-2
Modem Functions ................................................................ 18-5

EAsy Pro 35W Modem ........................................... 19-1


General Information ............................................................. 19-1
Modem Settings ................................................................... 19-2
Modem Functions ................................................................ 19-6

Q2 Modem ............................................................... 20-1


General Information ............................................................. 20-1
Modem Settings ................................................................... 20-2
Modem Functions ................................................................ 20-7

Compatibility Matrix ............................................... A-1


Compliance of Topcon Equipment with FCC Narrowbanding
Policy in the U.S. .............................................................. A-3

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Table of Contents

Notes:

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Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

Chapter 1

Getting Started
Topcon Receiver Utility (TRU) is a hardware configuration software
available for installation on desktop computers and hand-held
controllers (Mobile devices).
This manual describes Mobile version 2.5 of TRU with the Base
license type of register intended for general users.
TRU is primarily designed for advanced users who need to configure
the receiver hardware, or peripheral devices (internal, and external
modems, Bluetooth boards, etc.).
TRU has three modes, Terminal, Receiver Managing and Modem
Managing.

Starting Topcon Receiver


Utility (TRU)
TRU can be installed on a PC with Microsoft Windows XP or later, or
into controllers with Microsoft Windows CE.NET 5.0 or later, or
Windows Mobile 5.0 or later. Two type of installers are available:
one for PC and one for Mobile devices.
To install TRU onto the controller, run the Mobile Installer on the PC.
The Installer automatically detects the mobile platform connected to
the PC (CPU, OS, specific hardware), and installs an appropriate
edition of TRU onto the controller. After installation, shortcuts on the
desktop and in the Program menu are created.
To start TRU, double-click the shortcut or launch the application
from the Start menu. The main application window displays
(Figure 1-1).

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1-1

Getting Started

Main Window
The TRU main window consists of a menu bar, tools area, status bar.
Menu bar

Tools area

Status bar
Figure 1-1. Main Window

The Menu Bar


The menu bar has the following components:
Device contains options, which allow connecting to a device,
changing connection, hardware specific parameters, and the
application mode.

Figure 1-2. Device Menu

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Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

Main Window

View shows or hides the status bar.

Figure 1-3. View Menu

Help contains options that allow updating registration and


viewing information on the current version and edition of TRU.

Figure 1-4. Help Menu

The Tool Bar


The tool area contains icons for the tools included in the current
mode. Each tool is designated by an icon. An icon can also open the
next menu level.

Figure 1-5. Receiver Settings Submenu

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Getting Started

NOTICE

NOTICE

The tool area is inactive until a connection to a device is


established (the connection icon in the status bar is
green).

The Status Bar


The status bar shows the current mode, and the connection status icon
(the green icon indicates that the device is connected with TRU, the
gray indicates that there is no connection). You can hide the status bar
by unchecking the Status Bar option under the View menu in the
menu bar.

Application Modes
Topcon Receiver Utility has three main modes:
Simple Terminal In this mode, TRU is used only as a terminal.
This mode is also used for firmware updating of inoperative
receivers. For details on this mode, see Simple Terminal on
page 3-1.
Receiver Managing (default) In this mode, TRU is used for
configuring receiver hardware. For details on this mode, see
Receiver Managing on page 4-1.
Modem Managing - In this mode, TRU is used to configure
modems. For details on this mode, see Modem Managing on
page 5-1.

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Register

You can choose the application mode from the Device menu:

Figure 1-6. Application Modes

Register
To view or update your license for using the Application, click
HelpRegister. The Register dialog displays (Figure 1-7).
License Type shows the current license type. It can be Base,
Dealer or Engineering. The Base version is intended for general
users. The Dealer and Engineering licenses allow some additional
options in managing modems, for example, creating CCX files
for Digital UHF modems.
NOTICE

NOTICE

This manual desribes the Base version of TRU.

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Getting Started

Update the license If you know the Serial Number for your
Computer UID, you are able to change the Base license type for
other license.

Figure 1-7. Base License

Press the Update the license button, to view the UID number for your
computer. Enter an appropriate serial number to view the license type
which this number corresponds to, and click the OK button to save
the update (Figure 1-8 on page 1-6).

Figure 1-8. License Updating

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Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

About Topcon Receiver Utility

About Topcon Receiver Utility


Click HelpAbout in the main menu to display information about
the Application: version number of software and date created,
application edition and the name of publishing company (Figure 1-9):

Figure 1-9. About Topcon Receiver Utility

Table 1-1 lists Application editions for Mobile devices currently


available.

TIP

TIP

When installing the Application, the Mobile Installer will


automatically select the appropriate edition for the
controller.

Table 1-1. TRU Editions and Supported Platforms


#

Edition

CPU

OS

Topcon
controllers

3rd party
controllers

Bluetooth

FC-200

ARMV4I

CE.NET
5.0-5.99

FC-110/
120/200

Microsoft

FC-2200

ARMV4I

CE.NET
5.0-5.99

FC-2200
FC-2500

AveLink

FC-2600

ARMV4I

CE.NET
6.0-6.99

FC-2600

Microsoft

Universal ARMV4I

Windows
Mobile
5.0-5.99

FC-110/
120/200/
250

Any

Microsoft

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Getting Started

Table 1-1. TRU Editions and Supported Platforms


#

Edition

CPU

OS

Universal ARMV4I

Windows
Mobile
6.0-6.99

PTX

Windows
CE 6.0-6.99

NOTICE

ARMV4I

Topcon
controllers

3rd party
controllers

GRS-1
FC-25
FC-236

Any

Bluetooth

Microsoft

MMSI PTX -

NOTICE

We guarantee the Application will work on any Topcon


controller listed in Table 1-1. We also support 3rd party
controllers, but there is no guarantee that the Application
will work on any 3rd party controller. Every mobile device
has its own and unique OS edition, and the OS may not
have components necessary for the Application to function
properly.

Setup
To change general-purpose parameters, select DeviceSetup from
the main menu. The Setup dialog box contains two tabs, General and
Modems (Figure 1-10 on page 1-9).

General Settings
The General tab allows you to toggle between geodetic and Cartesian
coordinate systems.

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Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

Setup

Coordinate System selects either Geodetic (Latitude,


Longitude, Altitude) or Cartesian (X,Y,Z) coordinate system in
which you want to view information in the Status dialogs.

Figure 1-10. Setup/General-purpose Settings

Modems Detection
The Modems tab shows that automatic mode is set for detection of the
modem: Manual Selection is not allowed for the Base license type in
TRU (Figure 1-11).

Figure 1-11. Setup/Modem Detection Mode

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Getting Started

Exiting the Program


From within the Main window (see Figure 1-1 on page 1-2), there are
two ways to exit the program:
1. Select DeviceExit from the menu of the Main window.
2. Tap the X in the top right-hand corner of the Main window (the
"close" system button).
After one of the methods above is used to begin closing the program,
the Application will verify exiting. Answer Yes to exit TRU. Select
No to return to the program.
NOTICE

NOTICE

The X system button only closes the Application from the


Main window. From within any subwindow, this button
returns to the window of the upper level.

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Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

Chapter 2

Connection
To establish a connection to the device, select DeviceConnect
from the main menu (Figure 2-1).

Figure 2-1. Connect Device

The Connection Parameters dialog box displays (see Figure 2-2 on


page 2-2).

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2-1

Connection

Connection Parameters
The Connection Parameters dialog box displays different
parameters, depending on the current application mode (Figure 2-2).

Figure 2-2. Connection Parameters

Connect Using select either Serial Port, Bluetooth or Network


for communication. PC version also supports USB.
NOTICE

NOTICE

Bluetooth transport may not be available in the following


situations: the device-specific Bluetooth stack is not
supported by the Application, or the Bluetooth power is
turned off. If the Bluetooth power is off, turn on the
Bluetooth power before using the Bluetooth manager.
NOTICE

NOTICE

To use USB connection, install a Topcon USB driver


designed for your specific OS version.
NOTICE

NOTICE

If the Application edition for the specified platform doesnt


support installed Bluetooth stack, use virtual serial ports
provided by Bluetooth manager for your Bluetooth radio.
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Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

Connection Parameters

Port name shows physical and friendly name for the port. The
Application remembers the last used transport, and the last
successful port/device name for every transport, so it is easy to
connect to the same device.
If there is a friendly name for the port/device, you will see both
the friendly and physical name. Otherwise, only the physical
name is displayed. Press the list button to choose a port from the
Select Port dialog (Figure 2-3).
Receiver Port specially for GRS-1 platforms selects the port to
perform connection to an external receiver through the internal
receiver (the External Receiver box is checked).
Connect press to establish the last successfull connection or
press to choose a port for connection. The Select Port (or
Searching) dialog box displays.
The Select Port dialog box also displays both friendly and
physical names (if available).

Figure 2-3. Select Port

On the Select Port dialog box, click and hold on either a Friendly or
Port name to either select the port or get the device information
(Figure 2-4 on page 2-4) on that port.
Use the pop-up menu to refresh the contents of the Select Port dialog
box, and open the Device Info dialog box to view information about
the selected serial port or Bluetooth device.

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Connection

Figure 2-4. Device Information

The Device Info dialog box shows both the physical and friendly
names of the serial port or Bluetooth device. The Class of Device for
Bluetooth devices also displays.

Detecting Hardware
Pressing the Connect button on the Connection Parameters dialog
box (see Figure 2-2 on page 2-2) establishes a connection to the
devices port you selected.
When TRU is in Simple Terminal mode, it just opens the port. The
Application will neither try to detect the hardware connected to the
port, nor change the port settings.
When TRU is in Receiver Managing mode, it will attempt to detect
the device connected to the port.
When detecting a receiver, the Detecting Receiver dialog box
(Figure 2-5 on page 2-5) displays. An ActiveSync animated icon and
a Cancel button displays. Additional parameters display when using
serial transport, i.e., baud rate and flow control as shown in
Figure 2-5 on page 2-5.

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Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

Disconnection Auto Detection

Figure 2-5. Detecting a Receiver

Press the Cancel button to terminate the process.


TRU always remembers the last successful port settings. When you
try to establish a new connection, TRU first tries to use the last
selected settings. The connection is established right away if you are
connecting to the same device.
When the Application is in Modem Managing mode, and auto
detection is setup, it tries to detect a modem at the time of connection.
If there is no modem, or if it doesn't respond, a connection cannot be
established.
When detecting a modem, the Detecting Modem dialog displays
identical to the Detecting Receiver dialog box.

Disconnection Auto Detection


When in Receiver Managing or Modem Managing mode, TRU
periodically checks if the device is still connected by obtaining the
receiver ID. If connection to the device is lost, an error message
displays (Figure 2-6).

Figure 2-6. Error Message Connection to Receiver is Lost

TRU then closes the established connection and makes the tool area
inactive. TRU will not try to reconnect to the device.
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2-5

Connection

You must choose an appropriate application mode and transport, then


initialize a new connection by selecting DeviceConnect from the
main menu.

TIP

TIP

Disconnection auto detection does not work when in:


- Simple Terminal mode while using any tool,
- Receiver Managing mode while using the Terminal or
Firmware Upload tool,
- Modem Managing mode while using any tool.
NOTICE

NOTICE

When using a Bluetooth connection the OS can notify the


Application that the connection has physically been
broken (e.g., the remote device was switched off, or it was
moved too far from the controller). In that case, TRU also
closes the established connection irrespective of the
current application mode or active tool.

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Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

Chapter 3

Simple Terminal
In Simple Terminal mode, Topcon Receiver Utility (TRU) does not:
detect a device
adjust port settings
send any data to the port
This mode is intended for advanced users. Everything is decided by
the user in this pure manual mode.
Simple Manual mode can be used for the following:
when you want to connect to a device that TRU doesnt support.
when you need to export firmware files to an inoperative receiver
that cannot even be detected (e.g., if the previous firmware
update has not been completed, and the receiver cannot be
detected in Receiver Managing mode).
NOTICE

NOTICE

Simple Terminal mode is the only way to update firmware


of the MC-R3. This device doesnt support GRIL and
cannot be used in Receiver Managing mode of TRU.

TIP

TIP

To make the tool area active, first establish a port


connection on the controller using the Connect option from
the Device menu.

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3-1

Simple Terminal

If you choose Simple Terminal mode, you will see the following
icons in the main screen (Figure 3-1):

Figure 3-1. Simple Terminal Main Window

Table 3-1 describes the tool icons.


Table 3-1. Tool Icons
Button

Description

Simple terminal icon

Firmware updating icon

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Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

Terminal

Terminal
Click the Terminal icon to open the Terminal dialog box
(Figure 3-2).

Figure 3-2. Simple Terminal Screen

1. The Terminal screen allows you to send commands through the


selected port using the edit area at the bottom of the dialog box,
and the Send button. The combo box remembers previous
commands, which can be selected from the drop-down list at the
bottom of the dialog.
2. The status bar in the lower part of the dialog shows the current
state of transport for specific signals.
3. The menu icon in the lower right corner of the Terminal dialog
box opens the pop-up menu of four options (Figure 3-3).
Clear View clears the main view.
Send File sends a file, that contains either commands or binary
data.
NOTICE

NOTICE

The Send File option sends files as is. The Application will
not change encoding or charset, add carriage returns, or
line feed characters.

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3-3

Simple Terminal

Main
View

Combo Box/
Drop-Down List

Menu Icon

Status
Bar
Figure 3-3. Terminal Pop-up Menu

Escape Functions opens the Escape dialog box to send


transport specific commands.

Figure 3-4. Escape Dialog Box Send Transport Specific Commands

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Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

Terminal

Port Settings opens the Port Settings dialog box to adjust port
settings (see Figure 3-5 on page 3-5).

Figure 3-5. Port Settings Dialog Box (for serial transport)

NOTICE

NOTICE

When the Application is in Simple Terminal mode, it does


not change port settings.
NOTICE

NOTICE

Port settings depend on the OS. Usually the OS for the PC


remembers the previous port state, so if the port baud rate
was changed, the assigned value will be kept. CE.NET and
Windows Mobile usually reset port settings by default. So if
you open a serial port next time, you have to adjust port
settings again.
Simple Mode if the Simple Mode item is selected, the terminal
works in a similar way as HyperTerminal. Every time you press a
key the key code is immediately sent to the connected device .
If not selecting the Simple Mode, you have to compose a
command in the edit box, then press either the Send button or
Enter, and only after that the entered text (ended with carriage
return and line feed) will be sent to the connected device.
ASCII/HEX toggles text/HEX mode.

P/N 7010-0908

3-5

Simple Terminal

Text Size sets the size of the text (Largest, Larger, Normal,
Smaller, Smallest).
Bytes in a Row selects the number of bytes in a row, and
optionally displays the left hand (data) pane and the right hand
(character) pane. This option only applies to HEX mode.
Start Logging initiates writing all the data received from the
device to a file.
Stop Logging stops writing data received from the device to a
file.

Firmware
Click the Firmware Loader icon to upload the firmware files to a
non-functioning receiver. The Firmware Loader dialog box displays.

Figure 3-6. Upload Firmware

Device selects the device from the drop-down list, either


Receiver/Modem or Power Board.
Firmware press
to select the firmware files that
correspond to the device.
Capture Method only the Power On capture method is
available.
Start press to begin uploading firmware to the receiver in
Receiver Managing mode.
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Firmware

NOTICE

NOTICE

Normally, firmware updating is performed in Receiver


Managing mode. However, if a receiver becomes
inoperative (for instance due to unsuccessful updating the
receiver firmware) only Simple Terminal mode will be
available for use. The firmware updating process in Simple
Terminal mode is similar to that described in Chapter 4,
Receiver Managing but with only the Power ON capture
method available.

P/N 7010-0908

3-7

Simple Terminal

Notes:

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Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

Chapter 4

Receiver Managing
Receiver Managing mode is intended for configuring Topcon GNSS
receivers and firmware updating of GNSS receivers, internal
modems, power, and Bluetooth boards.
When in Receiver Managing mode, the Application tries to detect a
receiver at the time of connection. If there is no receiver, or if it
doesnt respond, a connection cannot be established.
In Receiver Managing mode, you will see the following icons in the
tools area (Figure 4-1):

Figure 4-1. Receiver Managing Main Window

TIP

TIP

Initially, the Tools area is inactive. To make the tools area


active, first establish a port connection on the PC using the
Connect option from the Device menu (For details on
connection, see Chapter 2.)

P/N 7010-0908

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Receiver Managing

Table 4-1 describes the icons in Receiver Managing mode.


Table 4-1. Receiver Managing Tools Icons
Icon

Description

Opens the Terminal to adjust port settings.

View receiver information.

Current receiver options and allows uploading OAF files.

Updates firmware.

Opens a dialog that allows clearing NVRAM, or resetting the


receiver.

Configures a receiver.

Displays the receiver status (coordinates, list of satellites, sky


plot, etc).

Manages log files (deletes, download, upload, restores deleted),


initializes file system.

Detects both radio and cell internal modems*. Allows installing


and updating cell modem drivers.
* - only modems connected to dev/ser/c port are supported.

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Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

Terminal

Terminal
Click on the Terminal icon

to use the same terminal dialog

as shown in Simple Terminal mode (see Figure 3-2 on page 3-3).


There is only one difference between Simple Terminal and Receiver
Managing modes. While in Simple Terminal mode you have to
manually adjust port settings (for a serial cable connection). In
Receiver Managing mode the Application automatically adjusts the
port settings.

Information
Click on the Information icon to view receiver information. The
Receiver Info dialog box displays basic information about the
currently connected receiver (hardware and firmware versions, RAM
size, batteries condition, etc.):

Figure 4-2. Receiver Information

Name the name of a parameter.


Value the current value of the parameter.
NOTICE

NOTICE

Parameters not supported by the receiver are not shown.


P/N 7010-0908

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Receiver Managing

Refresh refreshes the parameter list.


Save to File saves the receiver parameters and options to a text
file. By default the TRU sets the <receiver ID>.txt file name.

Figure 4-3. Information File Example

Options
Click on the Options icon to manage receiver options. The Receiver
Options dialog box displays (Figure 4-4) that allows you to view the
current authorization options and upload new ones.

Figure 4-4. Receiver Options

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Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

Options

Option Name displays the current names for the receiver


options.
NOTICE

NOTICE

The options list depends on the firmware version loaded


into the receiver.
Current indicates whether the option is valid at present or not.
Purchased indicates whether the option is purchased or not.
Leased indicates whether the option is leased or not.
Exp. Date indicates the date the leased option is disabled, if
applicable.
Refresh refreshes the options list.
Upload OAF uploads a new OAF file. By default, TRU offers
to use the <receiver ID>.tpo file name (Figure 4-5 on page 4-6).
Save to File saves the options list to a text file. By default, TRU
sets the <receiver ID>.opt.txt file name.

P/N 7010-0908

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Receiver Managing

Upload OAF
After pressing the Upload OAF button from the Receiver Options
dialog box, navigate to the location of a file that contains new
authorization options for the receiver and select the desired file.

Figure 4-5. Select an OAF file

Then Upload OAF dialog displays the full path name and information
about the selected OAF file (Figure 4-6). Press the Open Folder
icon to select another OAF if needed.

Figure 4-6. Upload OAF

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Options

Topcon Receiver Utility (TRU) initially checks to see if the file you
selected is compatible with the currently connected receiver.
If you chose a file not intended for this receiver, TRU displays an
error icon next to the Receiver ID and disables the Upload the File to
the Receiver button (Figure 4-7).

Figure 4-7. Wrong OAF Selected

If the Upload the File to the Receiver button is available, press it to


start loading the file. The content of the dialog box will change. It will
show the options that have been installed with the new OAF, and the
progress bar (Figure 4-8).

Figure 4-8. Options Uploading in Progress

P/N 7010-0908

4-7

Receiver Managing

If you are updating authorization options for a GR-5, GMSX, HiPerII,


TruPath receiver, or another receiver model that supports the new
Digest cipher, neither option names, nor the result will be displayed.
When the OAF file is uploaded to the receiver, the TRU will display a
message box informing you about the results (Figure 4-9).
If an OAF file is uploaded to the receiver, the Application will offer
to reset the receiver to put new authorization options into operation
(see Figure 4-9).

Figure 4-9. Reset the Receiver?

Firmware Loader
To upload firmware files to Topcon receivers, press the Firmware
Loader icon. The Firmware Loader dialog box displays . The
appearance of this dialog depends on the connection type.

Serial Port Connection


The Firmware Loader dialog for the serial port connection is
displayed in Figure 4-10 on page 4-9. This dialog allows you to
upload firmware files to the receiver, power board or modem.
NOTICE

NOTICE

Use of the serial port connection is the only way to upload


Power Board, Modem or Bluetooth firmware.
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Options

CAUTION

CAUTION

Be extremely attentive when selecting firmware


updating parameters, especially when updating
modem firmware. Some modem models don't allow
terminating of the firmware updating process. So if you
choose incorrect parameter combinations, or interrupt
the firmware updating process, it may damage your
equipment. If this happens, and you cannot update
firmware using even the Power On capture, you will
need to have the hardware serviced.

Figure 4-10. Firmware Loader - Serial Port Connection

Device select either Receiver/Modem or Power Board from the


Device drop-down list.

TIP

TIP

If you are updating firmware for a power board, you must


select Power Board from the combo box. In other cases (if
you are updating GNSS receiver, modem, or Bluetooth
firmware), you must select the Receiver/Modem option.

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Receiver Managing

Firmware specify the full path to firmware files corresponding


to the device by pressing the open folder
icon or enter the full
path manually.

TIP

TIP

If you are updating power board firmware, you should


specify only the path to the RAM file (it usually has an .ldr
extension). In other cases you should specify full paths to
both RAM and Flash files (the flash file usually has an .ldp
extension).
Capture Method select either the Soft Break, or the Power ON
capture method. If you select the Soft Break method, the receiver
will be switched into firmware updating mode through the
software. If you select the Power ON capture method, after you
press the Start button, you will need to press the reset button on
the receiver, or turn it off, then on again.
NOTICE

NOTICE

Attention GRS-1 users.


If you are updating firmware using the Power ON capture
method when connecting to the internal GRS-1 receiver,
you will not have to reset the receiver. The Application
does it automatically.
Start press to begin uploading firmware to the receiver in
Receiver Managing mode. After you press the button, it toggles
to Cancel. Pressing this button terminates the firmware updating
process.
NOTICE

NOTICE

If the firmware updating process for a device has not been


completed, the device may become inoperative.
If the firmware has been uploaded, a successful message displays
(Figure 4-12 on page 4-12), and TRU disconnects from the receiver.

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Options

Otherwise, one of the following error messages found in Table 4-2


will display. To detect and fix the problem, please use
troubleshooting procedures described in the table.
Table 4-2. Firmware Updating Error Messages, and Troubleshooting
Error Message

Troubleshooting

Unknown error

Repeat firmware updating. If the error


repeats, please contact your dealer or
manufacturer. It usually means that
there is a hardware problem, or your
Flash file was corrupted.

The RAM file is not compatible with


the hardware

The RAM (.ldr) file you selected is not


compatible with your hardware. Please
select appropriate .ldr file and repeat
firmware updating.

The Flash file is not compatible with


the hardware

The Flash (.ldp) file you selected is not


compatible with your hardware. Please
select the appropriate .ldp file and
repeat firmware updating.

The specified device requires a newer


version of the loader

The version of the Application you are


using cannot upload firmware to your
device. You need to receive a more
recent Application version from your
dealer.

The RAM file, checksum is incorrect

Repeat firmware updating. If the error


repeats, it means that the RAM file you
have was corrupted, and it must be
replaced with correct RAM file.

No response from the device

Usually this means that the device was


disconnected from the controller. Make
sure that a cable is reliably attached to
both the device, and the controller, and
repeat firmware updating.

USB, Bluetooth, Network connections


The Firmware Loader dialog for these connection types is shown in
Figure 4-11 on page 4-12. This dialog allows you to upload firmware
files to the receiver only.

P/N 7010-0908

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Receiver Managing

Figure 4-11. Firmware Loader - USB, Bluetooth, Network connections

Device this field cannot be changed and it always displays


Receiver.
Firmware specify the full path to firmware files corresponding
to the device by pressing the open folder
icon or enter the full
path manually. You should specify full path to the Flash file only
(the flash file usually has an .ldp extension).
Start - press to begin uploading firmware to the receiver in
Receiver Managing mode. After you press the button, it toggles
to Cancel. Pressing this button terminates the firmware updating
process.
If the firmware has been uploaded, a successful message displays
(Figure 4-12), and TRU disconnects from the receiver:

Figure 4-12. Successfull Firmware Upload

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Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

Tools

Tools
The Tools icon opens the Send Command dialog box that allows you
to reset the receiver and to clear the NVRAM.

Figure 4-13. Send Command

Reset Receiver performs a hardware reset that functionally


equivalent to turning the power off and then back on. Resetting
the receiver leaves all files intact.
Typical use of this tool is to apply certain settings which require a
hardware reset. After a receiver reset operation, the receiver
requires a few seconds to a few minutes to begin tracking
satellites and logging data.
Clear NVRAM clears the receivers Non-Volatile Random
Access Memory (NVRAM) that holds data required for satellite
tracking, such as ephemeris data and position, and also keeps the
current receivers settings, such as active antenna input, elevation
masks, etc.
Clearing the NVRAM will not delete any files from the receiver.
It will reset the receiver to factory default settings.
Typical use is after loading a new firmware, and sometimes to
eliminate communication or tracking problems. After clearing the
NVRAM, the receiver will require some time to collect new
ephemerides and almanacs (around 15 minutes).

P/N 7010-0908

4-13

Receiver Managing

Factory Reset restores default values of the receiver


parameters that were changed for a particular application;
globally resets the receiver to factory default settings.
Reset RTK resets the RTK engine.

Receiver Settings
The Receiver Settings icon opens a submenu, which contains a set of
tools for receiver configuration.

Figure 4-14. Receiver Settings Submenu

The Back icon returns to the main screen.


Table 4-3 describes the tools icons for Receiver Settings.
Table 4-3. Tools Icons for Receiver Settings
Icon

Description

Opens the Tracking dialog to change receiver tracking parameters.

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Receiver Settings

Table 4-3. Tools Icons for Receiver Settings


Icon

Description

Opens the Positioning dialog to change positioning mode and


enable a desired solution type.

Opens the Ports dialog to change parameters for ports


configuration.

Opens the Power dialog to change power parameters.

Opens the Auto Seed dialog to enable Auto seed functionality.

Opens the Volume Control dialog to change volume parameters on


Topcon HiPer II receiver.

Opens the Bluetooth dialog to change Bluetooth parameters.

Tracking
The Tracking icon opens the Tracking Options dialog, which
consists of four tabs: Antenna, Observation, Advanced and Msint.
The Antenna tab allows changing the tracking antenna type used with
the connected receiver (either Internal, External, or Auto) if the
connected receiver is capable of tracking satellites with internal and
external antennas (Figure 4-15 on page 4-16).
Current Input shows the antenna type currently used with the
connected receiver: either Internal or External.
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Receiver Managing

Figure 4-15. Tracking Options, Antenna

The Observation tab allows changing parameters for satellites


observation (see Figure 4-16). The appearance of this dialog changes
depending on the RTK Engine version.

Figure 4-16. Tracking Options, Observation

Elevation mask sets the minimum elevation angle above the


horizon in degrees for satellites:
Satellites Tracking: from which the receiver will record data.
The default value is 5 degrees.

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Receiver Settings

Position Computation: which the receiver will use to


compute position. The default value is 5 degrees.
RTK Computation: the minimum angle at which the receiver
will use satellites for the RTK position computation. The
default value is 10 degrees.
PDOP mask: sets the maximum value of PDOP for satellites
used in computation:
Position Computation the receiver will not compute
positions over the corresponding epochs while PDOP
exceeds the entered threshold value. The default is 30.
RTK Computation: specifies the PDOP mask used in RTK
position computation. The default value is 3.50.
The Advanced tab allows changing advanced signal processing
parameters (Figure 4-17).

Figure 4-17. Tracking Options, Advanced

Anti-jamming if available for the connected receiver, enables


suppression of narrow-band interference for GPS, GLONASS,
L1, L2 signals, for auto-detected or manually selected bands
affected by interference.
C/A code multipath reduction when selected, enables the use
of a special signal processing technique for reduction of C/A code
phase multipath.

P/N 7010-0908

4-17

Receiver Managing

C/A carrier phase multipath reduction when selected, enables


the use of a special signal processing technique for reduction of
C/A carrier phase multipath.
Cinderella when selected, enables the Cinderella option which
sets all receiver options to their maximum allowable values for 24
hours every other Tuesday at GPS midnight.
Static Co-Op tracking when selected, allows only the static
receiver to use satellites with low signal-to-noise ratios.
L5 when selected, enables L5Q signal tracking.
NOTICE

NOTICE

If the Cinderella option has been changed, the receiver


has to be reset to apply changes.
The Msint tab allows changing position and raw measurements
update rate (Figure 4-18). The range of allowed values depends on
the firmware version, hardware, and the current receiver options.

Figure 4-18. Tracking Options, Msint

Raw measurements update rate determines the rate of receiver


generating pseudoranges, carrier phases and some other GNSS
observables.
Position update rate determines the period of receiver updating
the position.
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Receiver Settings

Positioning
The Positioning icon opens the Positioning dialog, which can consist
of seven tabs: General, GPS, GLONASS, Galileo1, SBAS, QZSS and
OmniSTAR.

General
The General tab allows changing positioning mode, and enabling
solutions (see Figure 4-19 on page 4-20).
Positioning Mode selects a positioning mode for the receiver.
Enable Solutions selects the type of solution to use for Rover
receivers.
Standalone: for a Rover receiver run in differential mode,
reports the current standalone position if a DGPS (or RTK)
position is unavailable in the current epoch.
Code Differential (DGPS): for a Rover receiver run in RTK
Float or RTK Fixed mode unable to obtain an RTK solution
at the current epoch, outputs the current code differential
position. If enabled and Code Differential solution cannot be
obtained, enable Standalone to have the receiver output
single-point positions for the unavailable differential
positions. This mode requires the Base (Reference) receiver
to broadcast Code Differential (not RTK) messages and the
Rover receiver to receive these messages. If either of these
requirements is not met, enabling Code Differential will have
no effect.
DION: selects mode in which the DION engine will operate.
DION is an enhanced absolute positioning engine that allows you
to use a single TPS receiver to compute smoothed and consistent
position solutions. Instead of using instantaneous yet rather noisy
pseudorange measurements of an ordinary single point
positioning, you can activate the DION engine to get more
1. Some Topcon receivers are capable of supporting planned signals for
Galileo. Advanced support will be incorporated into these receivers and
TRU when this constellation has matured and is ready for commercial
use.
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Receiver Managing

accurate and reliable results without the requirement of any


additional hardware or software.
Off: the DION engine is disabled.
Local: the DION engine provides precise positioning with
respect to a starting point.
Smooth: the DION engine provides smoothed estimates of
absolute positions using refined delta positions from carrier
phase processing.

Figure 4-19. Positioning - General

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Receiver Settings

GPS
The GPS tab allows enabling/disabling of tracking and use of GPS
satellites.

Figure 4-20. Positioning - GPS

Tracked and used GPS satellites can be selected using the checkboxes
or the pop-up menu:

Figure 4-21. Positioning - GPS, Pop-up Menu

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GLONASS
The GLONASS tab allows enabling/disabling of tracking and use of
GLONASS satellites.

Figure 4-22. Positioning - GLONASS

Tracked and used GPS satellites can be selected using the checkboxes
or the pop-up menu:

Figure 4-23. Positioning - GLONASS, Pop-up Menu

The pop-up menu also allows changing the presentation of


GLONASS satellites. You may choose either USI or FCN numbers.

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Receiver Settings

Galileo
The Galileo tab allows enabling/disabling of tracking of Galileo
satellites.

Figure 4-24. Positioning - Galileo

Tracked Galileo1 satellites can be selected using the checkboxes or


the pop-up menu:

Figure 4-25. Positioning - Galileo, Pop-up Menu

SBAS
The SBAS tab allows configuring WAAS/EGNOS/MSAS.
The receiver board has a number of independent channels that can be
allocated to SBAS satellites, including the Wide Area Augmentation
System (WAAS), the European Geostationary Navigation Overlay
Service (EGNOS), and the MTSAT Satellite-based Augmentation
System (MSAS). Either channel can track any one of the SBAS
satellites.
1. Some Topcon receivers are capable of supporting planned signals for
Galileo. Advanced support will be incorporated into these receivers and
TRU when this constellation has matured and is ready for commercial
use.
P/N 7010-0908

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Receiver Managing

To make the receiver track a SBAS satellite, select the corresponding


SBAS USI (Universal Satellite Identifier).
Table 4-4 shows USIs allocated to SBAS satellites.
Table 4-4. SBAS Satellites
System

WAAS

EGNOS

MSAS

Name

USI

NMEA Satellite
ID

AOR-W

122

35@

Anik

138

51*

POR

134

47@

PanAm

135

48*

AOR-E

120

33

Artemis

124

37

IOR-W

126

39

IOR-E

131

44

MTSAT-1

129

42

MTSAT-2

137

50

@ Phased out July 30th, 2007


* New WAAS satellite

G3, and TG-3 based receivers can track multiple SBAS satellites at a
time. For such receivers connected, the SBAS tab displays (see
Figure 4-27 on page 4-25).
Tracked Satellites lists USIs of all SBAS satellites. Check
mark corresponding boxes to allow the receiver to track selected
SBAS satellites.
Use the pop-up menu options to enable or disable all satellites.

Figure 4-26. Positioning - SBAS, Pop-up Menu

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Receiver Settings

Figure 4-27. Positioning - SBAS (G3, TG-3-based receivers)

Interpret message #0 as enables and disables the receiver to use


any data from SBAS satellites if message type 0 is being
broadcast.
The values:
0: the receiver will not substitute message type 0 and
therefore will not use any data from the SBAS satellite.
[1...99]: the receiver will substitute the selected message type
for message type 0 and therefore will interpret message type
0 as a message with the selected type.
Use Iono Corrections enables and disables the receiver to apply
ionospheric delay corrections broadcast by a SBAS satellite to the
GPS satellites.
The receivers other than G3 and TG-3 based have two independent
channels that can be allocated to SBAS satellites. Either channel can
track any one of the SBAS satellites. For such receivers connected,
the SBAS page will be as follows in Figure 4-28 on page 4-26:
True SBAS USI number outputs true USIs in SI messages
rather than associated with a GPS USI.

P/N 7010-0908

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Receiver Managing

Figure 4-28. Positioning - SBAS (old receivers)

QZSS
The QZSS tab allows configuring Quasi-Zenith Satellite System
(QZSS).
The receiver board has a number of independent channels that can be
allocated to QZSS satellites.

Figure 4-29. Positioning - QZSS (G3, TG-3 based reseivers)

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Receiver Settings

Tracked Satellites lists USI's of all QZSS satellites. Check


mark corresponding boxes to allow the receiver to track selected
QZSS satellites. Use the pop-up menu options to enable or
disable all satellites:

Figure 4-30. Positioning - QZSS, Pop-up Menu

NOTICE

NOTICE

QZSS is supported by all G3-based receivers with


firmware 3.5p1 and later.

OmniSTAR
The OmniSTAR tab allows configuring OmniSTAR. OmniSTAR - a
wide-area differential GPS service provider ().
NOTICE

NOTICE

OmniSTAR correction signals are proprietary, and a


subscription must be bought from the OmniSTAR
corporation to receive a subscription authorization.

Figure 4-31. Positioning - OmniSTAR

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Receiver Managing

VBS Engine:
Enable: Enables VBS engine.
HP Engine:
Enable: Enables HP Engine.
Wait VBS: If this option is enabled, the HP Engine will not
start until VBS solution is got.
Nominal Frequency and Symbol Rate:
Nominal Frequency: Nominal carrier frequency [Hz] of beam
as entered by the user.
Symbol Rate: Symbol rate of beam as entered by the user.
To change the nominal frequency and symbol rate, press
. In the
OmniSTAR Satellite Selection dialog (Figure 4-32) you can either
select a satellite from the list or enter the nominal frequency and the
symbol rate manually.

Figure 4-32. OmniSTAR Satellite Selection

The Information button displays information about OmniSTAR


subscription: the receiver Fugro ID, the library Version and the
date of Subscription End for both VBS and HP engines (see
Figure 4-33 on page 4-29).
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Receiver Settings

Figure 4-33. OmniSTAR Information

Ports
The Ports icon opens the Receiver Ports dialog, which displays all
ports available in the connected receiver. TRU with the Base license
type supports Serial, Bluetooth, USB and Network ports (expand the
tree for details).

Figure 4-34. Receiver Ports

Double-tap a desired port name or use the pop-up menu to change


settings of the selected port.

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Receiver Managing

For Serial, Bluetooth, USB and TCP ports, you can change Input
Mode, Output Mode, and Period. You can also view and edit set of
messages, which are output to the port.

Figure 4-35. Port Properties - General

Input Mode: specifies the type of data to input on the selected


port.
none: the port will reject any incoming data
cmd: the port is in command mode and will recognize usersent commands
echo: the port is in echo mode and will redirect all incoming
data to an output stream, either another port or the current log
file
rtcm: the receiver recognizes and decodes RTCM version
2.1, 2.2, and 2.3 messages accepted on the corresponding port
rtcm3: the receiver recognizes and decodes RTCM version
3.0 messages accepted on the corresponding port
cmr: the port recognizes and decodes accepted CMR
messages
jps: the port recognizes and decodes accepted TPS messages
omni: the port recognizes and decodes OmniSTAR VBS
corrections

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Receiver Settings

dtp: the port is in Data Transfer Protocol mode, which is used


for data transfer to/from the receiver
term: the port is in PPP mode
NOTICE

NOTICE

To be able to connect to the receiver through a port, input


mode of the port should be command (cmd).
NOTICE

NOTICE

You may not modify input mode of the port, which you are
currently using to connect to the receiver.
Output Mode: specifies a predefined message set to output into
the selected port.
Period, s: specifies the interval at which the receiver will
generate messages included into the currently selected predefined
message set (Output Mode), in seconds.
NOTICE

NOTICE

A predefined message set can include messages with


variable period as well as messages with fixed period.
Messages with variable period will be generated by the
receiver at the period specified in the Period, s edit box.
Value entered to the Period, s edit box has no effect on
messages with fixed period.
Table 4-5 shows predefined message sets.
Table 4-5. Predefined Message Sets
Message Set/Output Mode

DGPS RTCM 2.x

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Message

Period, s

rtcm/1

Variable

rtcm/31

Variable

rtcm/3

10

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Receiver Managing

Table 4-5. Predefined Message Sets


Message Set/Output Mode

RTK RTCM 2.1

RTK RTCM 2.3

RTK RTCM 3.x

RTK CMR

RTK CMR+

4-32

Message

Period, s

rtcm/18

Variable

rtcm/19

Variable

rtcm/22

10

Irtcm/3

10

rtcm/59t

10

rtcm/18

Variable

rtcm/19

Variable

rtcm/23

10

rtcm/24

10

rtcm/59t

10

rtcm3/1004

Variable

rtcm3/1012

Variable

rtcm3/1006

10

rtcm3/1008

10

rtcm3/1033

10

cmr/10

Variable

cmr/0

Variable

cmr/1

10

cmr/5

10

cmr/10

Variable

cmr/0

Variable

cmr/9

Variable

Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

Receiver Settings

Messages: opens the Messages dialog to configure output


messages on the corresponding port manually (Figure 4-36).

Figure 4-36. Output Messages

The pop-up menu allows adding or editing or removing messages.


The receiver will keep the customized message set in the NVRAM
for further usage.
Add new messages: opens the Receiver Message List dialog to
add new messages to the message list (Figure 4-37 on page 4-33).
You can select one or more messages to add to the list of
messages, which will be sent to the selected port.

Figure 4-37. Receiver Message list

The Receiver Message List dialog consists of upper tree control and
lower list control. The tree control displays all the messages

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supported by the currently connected receiver. The list control


displays the messages to be added.
To add a message from the upper tree control to the lower list control
you can double-click it, press <space> or use the pop-up menu.
NOTICE

NOTICE

You can change the order of the messages in the list


control using the clipboard. PC version also supports dragand-drop technique.
Edit Message: opens the Receiver Message dialog (Figure 4-38).

Figure 4-38. Receiver Message

In this dialog you can specify the schedule of the message. The
Schedule Specification fields are used to define the output
scheme for the message.
Period: specifies the message output interval. If set to zero,
the corresponding message will be output at the highest
possible rate.
Phase: specifies a time shift in the output of a message with
respect to the moment when the receiver time is a multiple of
the specified period.
Count: serves two purposes. Firstly, if set to a positive
number, specifies how many times the message outputs. Zero
means an unlimited number of times the message outputs.

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Receiver Settings

Secondly, if set to a negative number, instructs the receiver to


encapsulate a message into >> message before output.
Flags: provide further adjustment of the way the message is
output. Table 4-6 briefly explains the flags.
Table 4-6. Scheduling Flags
Flag

Description

Out

If the flag is selected, the first of the messages invoked by the


corresponding command will be output at the epoch closest to the
command execution time (whatever the specified "period" option).

Change

If the flag is selected, the corresponding message will be output


only if the message data have changed.

Out On Add

If this flag is set, then the (first) message will be output immediately
after executing the corresponding em or out command.

Notena

The receiver uses this flag in order not to output the file header
every time you change the "period" value when recording data into
the log file.

Fix Per

If these flags are selected, this disables the user to change the option
values (Period, Phase, Count, and Flags).

Fix Ph
Fix Cnt
Fix Fl

Delete Messages: removes selected messages from the list.


Delete All Messages: removes all the messages from the list.

Serial Ports
Serial ports have additional settings, which can be viewed and
modified on the Serial property page (Figure 4-39 on page 4-36).
Baud Rate, Stop Bits, Parity, Byte Size: set serial port parameters
for communication with an external device connected to this port.
RTS/CTS: enables/disables hardware handshaking for the port (if
enabled, the external device must support this mode).

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Figure 4-39. Port Properties - Serial

Network
The Network branch allows configuring general network settings, and
settings of FTP and TCP ports.

Figure 4-40. Receiver Ports - Network

The Network Settings dialog (Network -> General Settings) allows


editing general network settings (Figure 4-41 on page 4-37):
IP Address: Identifies the receiver on a TCP/IP network by
specifying its IP address.

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Receiver Settings

IP Mask: Specifies the network mask.


Gateway: Specifies the gateway.
Password: Sets a password for telnet-like TCP connections.

Figure 4-41. Network Settings

The FTP Settings dialog (Network -> FTP -> General Settings)
allows editing FTP related settings (Figure 4-42):
FTP Port: Specifies the TCP port the receiver is listening on for
FTP connection. Values: 165535. Default value: 21.
Timeout, s: Specifies a period of time that must elapse before an
inactive connection will be terminated. Values: 1231-1
seconds. Default value: 600 seconds.

Figure 4-42. FTP Settings

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The TCP Settings dialog (Network -> TCP -> General Settings)
allows editing global TCP settings (which are not related to a specific
TCP port of the receiver) (Figure 4-43):
TCP Port: Specifies the TCP port number on which the receiver
is listening on for raw TCP connections. Values: 165535.
Default value: 8002.
Timeout, s: Specifies the amount of time that the TCP server will
wait for data before terminating TCP connections. Values:
02000 seconds. Default value: 0 seconds.
Enable Authentication: Specifies whether you need to enter the
password when accessing the receiver via a raw TCP port.

Figure 4-43. TCP Settings

NOTICE

NOTICE

If the GNSS Firmware supports individual TCP Port and


Enable authentication settings for each TCP port of the
receiver, the TCP Setting dialog will not contain these
settings (see ), while the TCP Port Settings property sheet
for each TCP port of the receiver will contain a page with
individual settings for the port (see ).

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Figure 4-44. TCP Settings

Figure 4-45. Port Settings - TCP

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Bluetooth
The Bluetooth branch allows configuring Bluetooth ports of the
HiPer SR receiver (Figure 4-46).

Figure 4-46. Receiver Ports - Bluetooth

Bluetooth Serial Ports: Bluetooth Serial Port, which accepts one


incoming connection from remote device. For the Hiper SR
Rover this is the port that the user (PC or Field Controller) is
connected to. For the Hiper SR Base this is the port that either the
PC/Field Controller or the Hiper SR Rover is connected to when
configuring the base.
Bluetooth Client Ports: Bluetooth Client Port which is available
when the outgoing connection is established by Bluetooth Client.
When enabled, Bluetooth Client tries to establish connection to
the remote Bluetooth device port according to current Client
settings. This port is used in the Hiper SR Rover configuration to
maintain connection to the Hiper SR Base - either to configure it,
or to receive corrections.
Bluetooth Service Ports: Bluetooth Service Port used to accept
several (up to 3) incoming connections and provide services (i.e.
corrections) to remote devices. This port is used in the Hiper SR
Base configuration. Corrections enabled on this port will be
transferred to the Bluetooth Client port of connected Hiper SR
Rover.

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Receiver Settings

Power
The Power icon opens the Power dialog, which sets power output on
internal slots (Figure 4-47 on page 4-41).
Slots: governs power output to the receivers internal slots (the
slot name is shown below).
y: when the receiver is on, the internal slot will receive power.
If the receiver is turned off, no power will be sent to the slots.
n: the internal slot will not be powered, even if the receiver is
turned on.
always: the internal slot will be powered even if the receiver
is turned off.
Miscellaneous:
Enable power up script: available for selection only for
Topcon receiver - HiPer II. Enables powering up the receiver
by a script file loaded into the receiver.

Figure 4-47. Power

Auto Seed
The Auto Seed icon opens the Auto Seed dialog, which enables the
Auto-Seed functionality for the base receiver.
Auto-seed feature will provide users the ability to quickly setup and
begin RTK operations without using an external interface to localize

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the base receiver. The user will simply set up over a mark and power
up. The base receiver will automatically select a new position
gathered by autonomous averaging and save it for later re-occupation.
If the point has been previously occupied and the receiver position
falls within proper tolerance, it will select a point from positions
stored in memory.
Enable Auto Seed: when selected, enables the Auto-Seed
functionality.
Maximum distance: tolerance for the distance from the
previously occupied point.
Enable averaging mode: when selected, enables averaging
autonomous positions for a occupation point.
Position averaging interval: sets the interval for autonomous
averaging.

Figure 4-48. Auto Seed

View the point list: opens a list of previous occupations saved in


the receiver memory (see Figure 4-49 on page 4-43).

Point List
The Auto Seed, Point List contains information about all occupations
which stored in the receiver memory: names, date and time,
coordinates of phase center and/or antenna reference point, whether
the point was auto determined and protected from deleting.

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Hold your stylus on a highlighted point line in the list to open a


context menu (Figure 4-49 on page 4-43). This menu allows you to
perform various operations on the point list:
Add New Point: opens a dialog to add a new point.
Edit Point: opens a dialog to edit information on the highlighted
point.
Delete the point from the list: erases the selected point in the list
if it is not protected.
Delete all the points: deletes all points except protected ones.
Enable/Disable point protection: enables/disables protection the
selected point from deleting.
Refresh: renews the list.

Figure 4-49. Auto Seed, Point List

Export the point list: opens a dialog to select a XML file to which
to export the point list.
Import the point list: opens a dialog to select a XML file from
which to import a point list.

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Add New Point


Enter the name of the new point. Check mark the Auto box to enable
averaging mode for auto detection of coordinates of the phase center.

Figure 4-50. Auto Seed, New Point

Press the corresponding


button to enter appropriate coordinates
(see Figure 4-51 on page 4-45 and Figure 4-52 on page 4-45).
NOTICE

NOTICE

The coordinates can be either entered manually or got


from the receiver. When second option is chosen, TRU
gets current coordinates from the receiver every second,
and then averages them unless you press Stop or OK
button.
NOTICE

NOTICE

Antenna Reference Point and Phase Center L1 coordinates


are interconnected. When one coordinate is change, the
other one are calculated based on the current antenna
offsets.

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Figure 4-51. Enter Geodetic Coordinates

Figure 4-52. Enter Cartesian Coordinates

Volume Control
The Volume Control icon opens the Volume Control dialog, which
allows you to adjust the volume level of the sounds on various
receiver operations. This feature is available only for Topcon HiPer II
receiver.

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Figure 4-53. Volume Control

Hold your stylus on the slider and drag it in the bar to the left or to the
right to turn the sound low or loud, respectively.
Holding the stylus on the highlighted Sound name opens a context
menu that contains three options (see Figure 4-53):
Master volume: opens a dialog to set the volume for all sounds at
a time (see Figure 4-54).
Play sound: plays the selected sound.
Refresh: renews the sound volume.

Figure 4-54. Master Volume

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Bluetooth
The Bluetooth icon opens the Bluetooth dialog that allows changing
parameters of the receiver Bluetooth module and accessibility options
(Figure 4-55):
Name: user-friendly name of the receiver.
PIN: PIN code of the receiver.
Encryption: when selected, secures all data sent over Bluetooth.
Authentication: when selected, authenticates the identity of the
receiver.
Identification: shows Bluetooth module name, address, firmware
base and version.

Figure 4-55. Bluetooth parameters

For Topcon HiPer II receiver the dialog displays the following


Bluetooth parameters (Figure 4-56 on page 4-48):
Editable Name and PIN.
Permanent Address and Firmware.
Bluetooth Power: when selected, turns on the Bluetooth module
power.
Multiplexing Mode: when selected, allows multiplexing data.

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Figure 4-56. HiPer II Bluetooth parameters

For Topcon Hiper SR receiver the dialog displays the following


Bluetooth parameters (Figure 4-57):
Editable Name and PIN.
Permanent Address.

Figure 4-57. Hiper SR Bluetooth parameters

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Status

Status
The Status icon opens the Status screen with seven tabs: Position,
Data Link, SVs List, Sky Plot, Scatter Plot, Position in Time, and
Logging.

Position
The Position tab displays the following information:
The current GPS date and time.
Solution type (Standalone, DGPS, RTK Float, RTK Fixed,
DION, Omnistar HP, Omnistar XP, Omnistar VBS, Variable
Fixed, Variable Float).
WGS84 measured position of the antenna.
PDOP value, a factor that depends solely upon satellite geometry,
and is proportional to the estimated position uncertainty.
HRMS and VRMS values, the RMS (the square root of the trace
of position error covariance matrix) values of the horizontal and
vertical coordinates, respectively.
The numbers of tracked satellites for each satellite system. Each
satellite system is marked in a certain color:
GPS in green
GLONASS in yellow
Galileo in deep blue
SBAS in violet
QZSS in magenta
NOTICE

NOTICE

The wings
on the satellite icon designate that the
satellite is used in position computation. The absence of
wings
on the satellite icon means that the satellite is
not used in the computation for some reason (e.g. it is
below the elevation mask).

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Figure 4-58. Status - Position

Data Link
The Data Link page displays information about communication link
for receiving data from a reference station by the receiver.

Figure 4-59. Status - Data Link

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Status

SVs List
The SVs page displays the list of the satellites with satellites
parameters:
SVC satellite icon and system (constellation GPS, GLONASS,
or SBAS).
USI Universal Satellite Identifier.
EL Elevation angle in degrees. The signs "+" and "-"
immediately following the elevation angle indicate that the
corresponding satellites are either ascending or descending,
respectively. If a satellite is at maximum elevation, it is marked
with "^".
AZ Azimuth in degrees.
CA Signal-to-Noise Ratio in the L1 CA channel [dB*Hz].
L1P Signal-to-Noise Ratio in the L1 P channel [dB*Hz].
L2P Signal-to-Noise Ratio in the L2 P channel [dB*Hz].
L2C Signal-to-Noise Ratio in the L2 C channel [dB*Hz].
L5 Signal-to-Noise Ratio in the L5 channel [dB*Hz]
TC Time elapsed since the last loss-of-lock in the CA channel
for the corresponding satellite. This time is given in minutes or, if
the symbol ":" is specified in the column, in seconds.
SS Satellite navigation status. For a complete description of the
satellite navigation status, see GRIL Appendix.
FCN Frequency Channel Number (valid for GLONASS
satellites only).
SN Satellite's orbital slot number (valid for GLONASS
satellites only).

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Figure 4-60. Status - SVs List

Clicking a satellite in the list opens a tool tip for the satellite. The tool
tip displays all the satellite information the list control contains; the
Satellite Navigation Status is decoded to display a legible description
(see Figure 4-61). The tip will close after clicking on it, or
automatically after 5 seconds.

Figure 4-61. Status - SVs Lists Tool Tip

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Status

The list of satellites is updated once a second. If TRU doesn't receive


any information from a satellite, the satellite does not disappear
immediately from the list, but is still displayed in the paling color for
10 seconds. If there is no signal from the satellite during these 10
seconds, the satellite will completely disappear.

Figure 4-62. Status - SVs List update

NOTICE

NOTICE

In Real-Time Logging mode, Elevation Mask for raw


measurements is set (Figure 4-67 on page 4-57). Because
of this elevation mask, some satellites may be absent in the
list. Still, they will be used for position computation.

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Sky Plot
The Sky Plot tab displays the graphic position of satellites on the sky.

Figure 4-63. Status - Sky Plot

1. Each satellite system is marked in a certain color:


GPS in green
GLONASS in yellow
Galileo in deep blue
SBAS in violet
QZSS in magenta
NOTICE

NOTICE

The wings
on the satellite icon designate that the
satellite is used in position computation. The absence of
wings
on the satellite icon means that the satellite is
not used in the computation for some reason (e.g. it is
below the elevation mask).
2. The USI (Universal Satellite Identifier) of each satellite is
displayed under satellite icons.
3. Red circle designates the elevation mask.

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Status

Clicking on a satellite icon displays a tool tip that shows the


information about the satellite. For arbitrary notations please refer to
SVs List on page 4-51.

Figure 4-64. Status - Sky Plots Tool Tip

Scatter Plot
The Scatter tab displays the receiver's trajectory/position in real time.

Figure 4-65. Status - Scatter Plot

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The scatter plot is updated each second. The current position is


displayed in the form of pictogram. Each solution type is designated
by a respective pictogram.
-

Standalone, DION

Code Differential,
OmniStar VBS
-

RTK Float, Variable Float

- RTK

Fixed, Variable
Fixed, OmniStar HP, OmniStar
XP

Use tool buttons in the lower part of the screen to customize the
graphic view. Table 4-7 explains these tool buttons.
Table 4-7. Tool Buttons of Scatter Plot
Button

Description

Zooms the plot inwards.


Zooms the plot outwards.
Clears all points from the screen
Fits all points in the plot.
Moves the center of the plot to the average of all points.

TIP

TIP

It is possible to click, and drag the plot to change the


center point. On PC version the mouse wheel can be used
to change the scale.

Position in Time
The Position in Time tab displays the receiver position in real time
(see Figure 4-66 on page 4-57).
Three graphs in the screen represent 3D position in time: Latitude,
Longitude, and Altitude. Each graph shows both absolute and relative
values, and the time scale. The time scale varies from 1 to 5 minutes.

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Status

Use tool buttons in the lower part of the screen to customize the
graphic view. Table 4-7 explains these tool buttons

Figure 4-66. Status - Position in Time

Logging
The Logging tab allows logging real-time measurements into files
and saving them in the computer (Figure 4-67).

Figure 4-67. Status - Logging

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File Path: full path to the file in which data will be logged. Use
the
button to navigate.
Raw Measurement: Elevation Mask, Period: defines the
minimum angle for satellites from which the receiver will output
raw data to a stream, and sets the recording interval in seconds
(for this, clear Default).
Statistics: shows file logging statistics in progress after starting
Logging the file.
Start Logging: press the button to start Logging the file. After
pressing, the button changes into Stop Logging.
Logging Messages: opens the Logging Messages screen to view/
edit a list of messages being logged into the file and logging
parameters (see Figure 4-68 on page 4-59).
Site Parameters: opens the Site Configuration dialog to apply
antenna parameters for data logging purposes at the site (see
Figure 4-69 on page 4-60).
NOTICE

NOTICE

If one or more message(s) in the list has a period less than


the position or raw measurements update rate of the
receiver, an error message will display. To log a file with
such a period you have to change the update rates in the
property sheet Tracking Options, Msint tab.

Logging Messages
The Logging Messages screen allows editing a list of messages being
logged into the file, and also parameters of a selected message. You
can add or remove messages or modify their scheduling parameters
using the pop-up menu options (Figure 4-69 on page 4-60). The
receiver will keep the customized message set in the NVRAM for
further usage.

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Status

Figure 4-68. Logging Messages

1. Add new messages: opens the Receiver Message List dialog to


add new messages to the message list. For details, refer to the
description of this option on page 4-33 in the chapter Ports.
2. Edit message: opens the Receiver Message dialog (Figure 4-38
on page 4-34) to edit the highlighted message.
3. Delete messages: deletes the highlighted messages.
4. Restore Defaults: restores the list of output messages to the
factory defaults.
5. Refresh: renews the list output messages with the last made
changes.

Site Configuration
The Site Configuration dialog allows editing site and antenna
parameters for data logging purposes (see Figure 4-69 on page 4-60).
Site Name: the name of the jobsite.
Description: additional information about the site.
Antenna Parameters:
Antenna Type: the type of antenna.
Antenna Height, m: the height of the antenna in meters
measured from the survey marker to the measuring mark on
the antenna (either ARP or SHMM).

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Slant: if selected, indicates that the height of the antenna was


measured at a slant (to the slant height measurement mark SHMM).
When not selected, indicates a vertical measurement (to the
antenna reference point - ARP).
Dynamics: select either Static or Dynamic to set the status of
the antenna; either fixed or moving, respectively.

Figure 4-69. Site Configuration

File Explorer
The File Explorer icon opens the File Explorer screen, which
contains four tabs:
1. Files - to manage files (see Files on page 4-60).
2. Logs - to log current files (see Logs on page 4-65).
3. MINTER - to set logging parameters for MINTER operation (see
MINTER on page 4-66). Unavailable for Topcon HiPer II.
4. AFRM - to enable Automatic File Rotation Mode (see AFRM
on page 4-68). Unavailable for Topcon HiPer II receivers.

Files
The Files tab displays the list of raw data files stored in the receiver
memory or a removable memory card (for Topcon HiPer II).

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File Explorer

Along with the file names, this list contains the file sizes in bytes, and
date and time the files were recorded (see Figure 4-70).

Figure 4-70. File Explorer - Files

For Topcon HiPer II receivers, the Application does not allow


uploading files to the memory card, and restoring deleted files.

Figure 4-71. Files Explorer for HiPer II

The Files tab allows managing files. The pop-up menu displays the
options:
1. Delete: deletes the selected log files. A confirmation message
displays.

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Figure 4-72. Confirm deletion

2. Download: begins downloading selected log files to the


computer. A download path must be specified.

Figure 4-73. Download path

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File Explorer

Pressing OK starts downloading process (Figure 4-74).

Figure 4-74. Download in progress

3. Upload: begins uploading selected *.tps files from the computer


to the receiver. A full path to the file on the computer must be
specified before beginning the upload process.
4. Initialize File System: initializes the file system. Initializing the
file system of a connected receiver will erase all of the receivers
data files. A warning message will appear to confirm the
operation.

Figure 4-75. Initializing File System - Warning Message

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5. File System Info: displays information on the file system and


phisical memory of the internal memory card in the receiver.

Figure 4-76. File System Information

6. Mode of Operation: selects operational mode for File Explorer:


Normal - this mode allows all operations on the files (deleting,
downloading and uploading). See Figure 4-70 on page 4-61.
Deleted Files Recovery - this mode allows retrieving deleted files
from the internal memory of the receiver.
To recover a deleted file:
Open this mode to view all deleted files.

Figure 4-77. Deleted Files

File Explorer

Download the desired file to a selected folder on the


controller.
Select Normal mode and upload the deleted file from the
controller to the receiver.
NOTICE

NOTICE

Deleted log files can be retrieved from the receiver internal


memory only if the receiver has not been initialized.

Logs
The Logs tab allows logging two concurrent log files (Figure 4-78):
Log File: selects current file - /cur/file/a or /cur/file/b (this
option is not available for the HiPer II receiver).
File Name: specifies the name of the file, which will be created.
Elevation Mask, deg: sets the elevation masks for TPS messages
output to the file.
Pressing Start begins recording data into the file with the
recording interval of 1 second by default. Uncheck the Default
box to change the interval.
Logging Messages: displays the list of messages outputting into
the current log files. For details, see Logging on page 4-57.
Site Parameters: sets the jobsite and antenna parameters. For
details, see Logging on page 4-57.
NOTICE

NOTICE

If one or more message(s) in the list has a period less than


the position or raw measurements update rate of the
receiver, an error message will display. To log a file with
such a period you have to change the update rates in the
property sheet Tracking Options, Msint tab.

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Figure 4-78. File Explorer - Logs

MINTER
The MINTER tab sets the receiver parameters that correspond to
MINTER operation and data logging (unavailable for HiPer II ).

Figure 4-79. File Explorer - MINTER

Prefix: determines the file name prefix used as the beginning part
of the name of the new file the receiver will create when the
MINTER FN button is pressed to start data recording. The prefix
can include up to 20 characters; the default is log.
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Period: specifies the interval to use for logging data after pressing
the MINTER FN key. This parameter also applies to AFRM
mode. It can be set to the values from 0 to 86400 seconds; the
default is 1 second.
Log File Controllable via AFRM and MINTER: select either
one of the concurrent files or both to allow controlling them by
MINTER and through the automatic file rotation algorithm.
The Advanced button opens the MINTER dialog (Figure 4-80).

Advanced Settings
The MINTER dialog allows editing advanced settings

Figure 4-80. MINTER - Advanced

FN Key Mode: Programs the receiver's reaction after press-ing


the FN key.
Led blink mode switch: pressing and holding down the FN
key for less than a second, you switch the receiver between
standard and extended information modes. Refer to the
receiver's Operator's Manual for details about these modes.
This is default value.
Occupation mode switch: pressing and holding down the FN
key for less than a second, switches the receiver between
static and kinematic survey modes when recording a file. The
receiver will output an appropriate freeform event to the
current log file every time you switch the survey mode.
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Initial Data Collection Dynamic Mode: Specifies the initial


dynamic mode for all of the new files opened through-MINTER
when FN Key Mode is set to the Occupation mode switch mode.
Default value: Static.
Data Recording Auto-start: Programs the receiver's behav-ior in
the event of a power failure. Default value: Off.
Off: The receiver will not resume data logging on start-up.
On: Should a power failure occur when the receiver is
logging data, the receiver will automatically open a new file
and resume data recording when power has been returned.
From a functional point of view, this is equiv-alent to pushing
the FN button once the receiver is powered on again.
Always: This case is similar to the previous one except that
the autostart mechanism will be launched at the receiver start
time irrespective of whether the power failure occurred while
data recording or not.

AFRM
The AFRM tab enables Automatic File Rotation Mode (AFRM). See
Figure 4-81 on page 4-69. This option is unavailable for HiPer II
receivers. In this mode the receiver will close the current log file and
open a new one according to a schedule defined by the parameters
File Rotation Period and File Rotation Phase:
Enable AFRM: when selected, activates AFRM.
Automatically Remove Old Files: when selected, the receiver
will remove log files with the earliest creation time/date if no free
memory is available for recording data.
File Rotation Period: sets the time duration of each log-file
created in AFRM.
File Rotation Phase: sets the phase (constant time shift) of
creating multiple log-files in AFRM.
File Rotation Counter: sets how many log files must be created
in AFRM before AFRM mode turns off.

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File Rotation Running Counter: reports the number of files


remaining before AFRM mode turns off.
Force File Rotation: forces the receiver to execute file rotation
immediately. AFRM must be enabled.

Figure 4-81. File Explorer - AFRM

Modems
The Modems icon opens the Modems dialog that displays internal
modems connected to the receiver. (Figure 4-82).

Figure 4-82. Modems

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If no modem has been detected (there is no information about a


modem in the permanent NVRAM), once you open the dialog,
modem detection process starts. When TRU finds a modem, the
modem name displays in the dialog. If there is a cell modem, TRU
will prompt you to install a driver for this modem.
NOTICE

NOTICE

Topcon applications may need a driver to use the internal


cell modem. The driver represents a set of scripts, which
the GNSS firmware executes to connect to the modem, to
make a call, etc. Some applications can use a cell modem
directly and need no driver, but it is recommended to install
a driver for all the internal modems which have a cell
module.
NOTICE

NOTICE

If the internal modem is replaced, or if the baud rate of the


internal radio or cell modem has been changed, you will
need to update the driver.
The pop-up menu in the Modems dialog includes the following
options (Figure 4-83):

Figure 4-83. Modems. Pop-up menu

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Modems

Scan for hardware changes - This option can be used to detect


whether the radio or cell modems (or their baud rates) have been
changes. If TRU detects any changes, it will update information
about the modems in the permanent NVRAM of the receiver, and
will offer to the user to update the driver.
Properties - Displays a property sheet with properties of the
modem. This property page can be used to view information
about currently installed hardware and the cell modem driver
(Figure 4-84 on page 4-71).
Update Driver - Displays a Wizard, which helps the user to
update the cell modem Driver (Figure 4-85 on page 4-72).

Modem Properties
The Modem Properties dialog consists of two pages (Figure 4-84).
The Modem page displays the physical port of the receiver, which the
modem connect to, names of primary (radio) modem, secondary (cell)
modem, and baud rate of each module.

Figure 4-84. Modem Properties - Modem

Pressing the Detect Modems button initiates modem detection


process. TRU will search for modems and update information about
them in the permanent NVRAM.

P/N 7010-0908

4-71

Receiver Managing

The Driver page (Figure 4-85 on page 4-72) displays information


about the currently installed driver, and allows updating or
uninstalling the driver:
Driver Name - shows the internal name of the driver
Driver Version - shows version of the driver
Driver Description - shows user friendly name of the driver
The Driver Details button shows a list of files which the driver
consists of.
The Update Driver button shows a Wizard, which helps the user
to update the driver or install a new one.
The Uninstall button erases the driver, its internal variables and
the information about the modem from permanent NVRAM of
the receiver.

Figure 4-85. Modem Properties - Driver

The Update Driver Wizard is needed to update or install the driver.

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Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

Modems

The first page allows the user to select a driver source (Figure 4-86).

Figure 4-86. Update Driver Wizard - Select driver source

NOTICE

NOTICE

The driver source is an XML file, which consists of one or


more drivers.
NOTICE

NOTICE

Every TRU installation includes a default set of drivers for


all the officially supported equipment as of the release date
of TRU. If you have a newer driver, you may use it instead
of the default one.

P/N 7010-0908

4-73

Receiver Managing

The second page allows the user to select a driver from a list of all the
drivers found in the file specified on the first page (Figure 4-87).

Figure 4-87. Update Driver Wizard - Select driver

NOTICE

NOTICE

The Wizard does not actually detect modems. It uses


information about the modems previously stored in the
permanent NVRAM of the receiver. If your modem(s) have
not been detected yet, it's recommended to detect them
using the Scan for hardware changes menu item in the
Modems dialog, or using the Detect Modems button of the
Modem Properties property sheet.
NOTICE

NOTICE

If there is only one driver, which is compatible with the


hardware, TRU will highlight it. Otherwise you will have to
select a driver manually.

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Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

Modems

The third page of the Wizard displays (and allows editing) variables
of the driver.

Figure 4-88. Update Driver Wizard - Variables

NOTICE

NOTICE

Default variable values are recommended for most of the


users.
NOTICE

NOTICE

Do not modify variable values unless it's really needed, you


know what to do or received instructions from Topcon
dealer or Topcon support. If the variables have not been
initialized properly, the driver will not function.
NOTICE

NOTICE

There are two types of variables. If there is a physical


name, this variable is a real variable, which is stored in the
NVRAM separately, and can be read or modified by
applications. If there is no a physical name, this variable
cannot be read or modified after the driver has been
installed.

P/N 7010-0908

4-75

Receiver Managing

When you see the fourth page, the Wizard starts to install the driver
(Figure 4-89). On this step the Wizard uninstalls old driver, compiles
and uploads files of the driver to the receiver.

Figure 4-89. Update Driver Wizard - Installing the driver

GRS Tools
When running on GRS-1 platform, the TRU Device drop-down menu
of the main menu contains the GRS Tools item.

Figure 4-90. GRS Tools Option

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Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

GRS Tools

The GRS Tools item opens the GRS Tools screen that can manage the
receiver, modem and compass.
Table 4-8 summarizes the screens and platforms in GRS Tools.
Table 4-8. GMS/GRS Tools Screens
Description

Receiver

Platform

Screen

GRS-1

The Receiver tab controls power


parameters of the internal GNSS
receiver.

Modem

GRS-1

The Modem tab controls power


parameters of the internal
modem.

P/N 7010-0908

4-77

Receiver Managing

Table 4-8. GMS/GRS Tools Screens


Description

Platform

Compass

Screen

GRS-1

The Compass tab displays the


current North/South direction
and the angle to North, displays
the tilt of the unit, and calibrates
the compass.

Receiver
The Receiver tab controls power parameters of the internal GNSS
receiver.

Figure 4-91. GRS Receiver Controls

Current power state shows the current power state of the


internal GPS board, either ON or OFF.
Power ON/OFF turns on/off the GPS receiver power.

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Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

GRS Tools

Reset the receiver performs a hardware reset of the internal


GNSS receiver. From a functional point of view, the hardware
reset is equivalent to turning the power off and then back on.
Clear NVRAM - clears the receiver's NVRAM. All receiver
parameters will be set to their default values. Almanacs,
ephemerides, etc., will be erased. This operation will not delete
any raw data files stored in the receiver's memory.
Turn power ON when connecting to the internal receiver
check mark this box for the Application to turn ON the internal
GPS board, when connecting to it.
Turn power OFF when disconnecting from the internal
receiver check mark this box for the Application to turn OFF
the internal GPS board, when disconnecting from it.
Turn power OFF on exit check mark this box for the
Application to always turn OFF the internal GPS receiver power
on exit.

Modem
The Modem tab controls power parameters of the internal modem.

Figure 4-92. GRS Modem Controls

Model shows the model type of the modem.

P/N 7010-0908

4-79

Receiver Managing

Current power state shows the current power state of the


internal modem, either ON or OFF.
Power ON/OFF turns on/off the modem power.
Turn power ON when connecting to the internal modem
check mark this box for the Application to turn ON the internal
modem, when connecting to it.
Turn power OFF when disconnecting from the internal modem
check mark this box for the Application to turn OFF the internal
modem, when disconnecting from it.
Turn power OFF on exit check mark this box for the
Application to always turn OFF the modem power on exit.

Compass
The Compass tab displays the current direction, tilt of the unit. This
tab also calibrates the compass.

Figure 4-93. GRS Tools. Compass

Pointer North (red portion of pointer) and South (black portion


of pointer) directions.
Compass the angle (azimuth) from North, in degrees.
Tilt the roll and pitch, from level, in degrees and minutes.

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Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

GRS Tools

NOTICE

NOTICE

The compass is very sensitive to the tilt of controller. To


measure precise azimuth values, make sure that both
vertical and horizontal tilt values equal zero, and the tilt
pointer
is located within the crosshair
.
Calibrate The compass may need to be calibrated if you notice
that its precision is no longer accurate. The calibration procedure
depends upon the compass hardware.

Figure 4-94. Compass Calibration

NOTICE

NOTICE

The GRS -1 controller keeps the compass calibration data.

TIP

TIP

The Calibration procedure allows excluding magnetic


influence of the surroundings in the place where the
compass is used. The factory calibration is performed with
a separate utility.

P/N 7010-0908

4-81

Receiver Managing

Backpack Tools
When running on Tesla and FC-2600 platforms, the TRU Device
drop-down menu of the main menu contains the Backpack Tools
item.

Figure 4-95. Backpack Tools Option

The Backpack Tools item opens a screen to control power parameters


of the Topcon GNSS receiver in the backpack attached to the
controller.

Figure 4-96. Receiver Controls

Current power state shows the current power state of the


internal GPS board, either ON or OFF.
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Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

Backpack Tools

Power ON/OFF turns on/off the GPS receiver power.


Reset the receiver performs a hardware reset of the internal
GNSS receiver. From a functional point of view, the hardware
reset is equivalent to turning the power off and then back on.
Turn power ON when connecting to the internal receiver
check mark this box for the Application to turn ON the internal
GPS board, when connecting to it.
Turn power OFF when disconnecting from the internal
receiver check mark this box for the Application to turn OFF
the internal GPS board, when disconnecting from it.
Turn power OFF on exit check mark this box for the
Application to always turn OFF the internal GPS receiver power
on exit.

P/N 7010-0908

4-83

Receiver Managing

Notes:

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Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

Chapter 5

Modem Managing
Modem Managing mode is intended for configuring Topcon and 3rd
party modems.
In Modem Managing mode, you see the following icons in the tools
area (Figure 5-1):

Figure 5-1. Modem Managing Main Window

TIP

TIP

Initially, the Tools area is inactive. To make the tools area


active, first establish a port connection on the PC using the
Connect option from the Device menu.
When in Modem Managing mode, the Application tries to detect a
modem at the time of connection. If there is no modem, or if it doesn't
respond, a connection cannot be established.

P/N 7010-0908

5-1

Modem Managing

Table 5-1 describes the icons in Modem Managing mode.


Table 5-1. Modem Managing Tools Icons
Icon

Description

Opens the Terminal.

Opens a dialog that displays the modem's settings, and allows


changing the settings and invoking modem functions.

Terminal
The same terminal dialog displays as that shown in Simple Terminal
mode (see Figure 3-2 on page 3-2).
There is only one difference between Simple Terminal and Modem
Managing modes. While in Simple Terminal mode you have to
manually adjust port settings (for a serial cable connection). In
Modem Managing mode the Application itself adjusts the port
settings automatically.
NOTICE

NOTICE

The Terminal is designed for advanced users to allow them


to work with a device directly using the Command Line
Interface (without TRU GUI ).

Settings
The Settings icon opens the Settings property sheet, which can
involve three pages: General, Settings, and Functions, depending on
the modem used.

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Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

Settings

A list of settings and functions depends upon the type of the modem
used. For details on settings and functions of each specific modem
supported by TRU, refer to Chapter 6 through Chapter 16.

General Information
The General page shows the modem model, and the product
identification information.
Pressing the Terminal icon

opens the Terminal dialog.

When you press Cell Info button, TRU detects the cell modem,
and, if it finds the modem, connects to it and opens the Settings
property sheet for the cell modem.
NOTICE

NOTICE

If currently connected modem cannot have a cell module,


the Cell Info button is disabled.

Modem Settings
The Settings page shows a list of parameters specific for a connected
modem. The settings list may vary depending on the modem model
and possibly the firmware version.
Four icons on this page serve the following purposes:

renews the list.

imports settings from a file.

saves settings in a file.

writes new setting into the modem.

The settings can be read-only (marked by the


changeable (marked by the

P/N 7010-0908

icon) or

icon).

5-3

Modem Managing

Modem Functions
The Functions page allows invoking modem's functions.
Function shows a list of available functions.
Execute starts executing the selected function.
Input Parameters shows a list of incoming parameters for the
selected function. These parameters should be initialized properly
before the function is executed.
Output Parameters shows a list of values returned by the
function.

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Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

Chapter 6

Digital UHF Modem


This chapter describes specific parameters and functions for the
Topcon Digital UHF modem.
NOTICE

NOTICE

There is more powerful version of Digital UHF modem


called TRL-35. It is identical to the Digital UHF, but
supports different power values (up to 32 watts). TRL-35
has no cell modem.

General Information
The General page shows the modem model, and the product
identification information.

Figure 6-1. General Page

Cell Info - press to view information on the cell module.

P/N 7010-0980

6-1

Digital UHF Modem

Modem Settings
The Settings page allows setting values for parameters of the
connected modem.

Figure 6-2. Settings page

The Settings page displays general communication parameters, and


parameters specific for the modem. To change any editable
parameter, click on the Value field of the highlighted parameter and
select a desired value from the drop-down list appear.
General parameters:
Mode selects Radio or Cell to use for communication (the
UHF or GSM/CDMA band, respectively).
Baud rate, baud selects a baud rate for the modems serial
port.
Flow Control enables hardware flow control.
Radio parameters:
Frequency, MHz assigns an operating channel to the radio
modem. Select the desired frequency from the list.
Protocol sets the protocol for data receiving/transmitting.
Modulation selects a modulation type for the base radio
modem.

6-2

Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

Modem Settings

Link rate, baud data transfer speed between the base and
rover.
Network has Repeater enables retransmission in the
wireless cluster only for Simplex Transmitter protocol.
Power, mW sets the transmission power for the base radio.
Scrambler when enabled, provides more robust data
communication over high interference areas.
FEC (Forward Error Correction) Enable to maximize data
communication. The rover radio modem has the capability to
check and correct transmission errors (if any) in an incoming
data stream.
Figure 6-1 displays a list of possible values of the parameters. Default
values are shown in bold.
Table 6-1. Possible Values of parameters

Parameter Name

Values

Mode

Radio
Cell

Baud Rate, baud

19200
38400
57600
115200

Flow Control

NONE
RTC/CTS

Frequency, MHz

Carrier frequency displayed in MHz

Protocol

Simplex Receiver
Simplex Transmitter
Simplex Repeater
TrimTalk Receiver *
PDL w/EOT Receiver
PDL w/EOT Transmitter

Modulation

DBPSK - Differential Binary Phase Shift Keying


(Default)
DQPSK - Differential Quadrature Phase Shift Keying
GMSK - Minimal Shift Keying with Gaussian Filtering

Link Rate, baud

4800
9600
19200

P/N 7010-0980

6-3

Digital UHF Modem

Table 6-1. Possible Values of parameters

Parameter Name

Values

Network has Repeater

No
Yes

Power

100, 250, 500, or 1000 mW


TRL-35:
500, 630, 800, 1000, 1300, 1600, 2000, 2500, 3200,
4000, 5000, 6300, 8000, 10000, 13000, 16000, 20000,
25000, 32000 mW

Scrambler

0, 1 ... 255

FEC

Disable
Enable

NOTICE

NOTICE

* TrimTalk Transmitter is not supported because it is not


preferred protocol. Please use PDL w/EOT Transmitter.

Link Rate dependence on the modulation and the space value is


presented in Table 6-2.
Table 6-2. Link Rate vs. Modulation and Space

SpaceValues

12.5 kHz

25 kHz
9.6 kbps

Modulation
DBPSK

Differential Binary Phase Shift Keying

4.8 kbps

DQPSK

Differential Quadrature Phase Shift Keying

9.6 kbps

19.2 kbps

GMSK

Minimal Shift Keying with Gaussian


Filtering

4.8 kbps

9.6 kbps

6-4

Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

Modem Functions

Modem Functions
The Functions page allows invoking modem's functions.

Figure 6-3. Functions page

The following functions are available for executing in this modem:


BootConfiguration: This command is intended to reboot the unit
using selected user settings. Two options are available, to use the
default user settings defined by dealer or to use the settings
defined by the end-user.
UploadCCXFile: Intended to upload the factory and dealer
configurations along with the user defined radio settings. After
uploading the CCX file, the uploaded file takes into effect after
the configuration reboot (see the previous function).

P/N 7010-0980

6-5

Digital UHF Modem

Notes:

6-6

Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

Chapter 7

FH915 Plus Modem


This chapter describes specific parameters and functions for an
FH915 Plus modem.

General Information
The General tab shows the manufacturer, the modem model, and the
product identification information.

Figure 7-1. General Page

Cell Info - if available, press to view information on the GSM


module and SIM card inserted.

P/N 7010-0908

7-1

FH915 Plus Modem

Modem Settings
The Settings page shows a list of properties of the connected modem.

Figure 7-2. Settings page

The Settings page allows viewing and changing general


communication parameters, and parameters specific for the modem.
To change any editable parameter, click on the Value field of the
highlighted parameter and select a desired value from the drop-down
list appear.
General parameters:
Baud Rate, baud specifies the baud rate of the modem's
serial port connected internally with the receiver's serial port.
It can be 19200, 38400 (default), or 57600.
Flow Control enables/disables the RTS line of the modem's
serial port connected internally with the receiver's serial port.
It can be either RTS/CTS (default) or None.
Radio parameters are accessible only if GSM mode is Off:
Protocol sets an operation protocol. It can be either FH915
(default) or FH915 Ext.
Location adjusts the frequency range and RF power level
depending on the country. It can be USA/Canada (default),
Australia or New Zealand.

7-2

Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

Modem Settings

Operation Mode specifies the mode in which the radio


modem will be functioning. It can be Receiver (default),
Transmitter, Repeater or None.
Power, mW sets the transmission power for the base radio
modem. It can be either 250 or 1000 mW (default).
Link Rate, baud specifies the rate at which data is
transmitted over the RF link in FH915 protocol. It can be
9600 (default), 12000, 17000, 24000, or 51000 bauds.
Ext Link Rate, baud specifies the rate at which data is
transmitted over the RF link in FH915 Ext. protocol. It can
be 3600, 4800, 6600, 9600 (default), 19200 bauds.
Channel this feature allows up to ten simultaneously
transmitting radio modems, without interference, at the
jobsite (1- default).
GSM parameters:
Mode specifies the GSM modem operation mode. It can be
Off (default), Slave, Master, or Direct.
PIN specifies the PIN code for access to the GSM modem.
It can be a 4-digit number.
Dial specifies the phone number that the GSM modem in
Master Cell mode will dial in to the remote Slave modem. It
can be a number of 0..14 digits.
Send Time, s specifies a time interval from 0 to 255 in
seconds, is used to ensure reliable communication between
the pair of modems (Master - Slave) and avoid unnecessary
modem reinitialization. The transmitting modem will send
the service word to the receiving modem in every sndtime
seconds. Note that the service word will not affect the
differential corrections (RTCM or CMR messages) in any
way. If the parameter is set to zero, the service word will not
be used in data transmission.
Advanced parameters:
H/W Version queries the hardware version of the board.

P/N 7010-0908

7-3

FH915 Plus Modem

Net ID sets network ID. A radio link can only be


established between modems having the same Net ID. It can
be the number in the range from 0 (default) to 255.
Rep Net ID sets a new Rep Net ID parameter for Repeater
type. A modem with Repeater type set carries out
retransmission with other Rep Net ID that is different from
receiving Net ID. In this mode, it is possible to set different
Net IDs for received and retransmitted signals. It can be the
number in the range from 0 (default) to 255.
Hot Lock, s sets time to keep synchronization after signal
drop. It can be 5, 10, 20, 30 (default), or 40 seconds.
Save Power enables/disables (default) Power Saving mode.
The transmitter and receiver must be set to the same mode.

7-4

Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

Chapter 8

Satel Modem
This chapter describes specific parameters and functions for a Satel
modem.

General Information
The General tab shows the modem model, and the product
identification information.

Figure 8-1. General Page

Cell Info - press to view information on the cell module.

Modem Settings
The Settings tab shows: general information about the modem type,
software and hardware revisions, product code and serial number, and

P/N 7010-0908

8-1

Satel Modem

displays a list of settings for the modem (Figure 8-2 on page 8-3).
The UHF Satel radio modem offers a transmitter/receiver/repeater
functionality with a maximum 1W power output for data
transmission. The frequency range of the modem depends on the
country in which the receiver is used.
NOTICE

NOTICE

The default settings for radio configuration are sufficient for


most jobsites. Changing these settings can affect the
operation of the radio modem and communication
between receivers.
The settings can be read-only (marked by the
icon) or changeable
(marked by the
icon). Clicking on the corresponding line in the
Value column of any editable parameter opens a field to enter or
select from the drop-down list a needed value (see Figure 8-2).
General parameters:
Model the product model identification text.
HardwareVersion the hardware revision of the modem.
FirmwareVersion the firmware version of the modem.
Product Code specifies the product code.
Serial Number specifies the serial number unique for the
modem.
Baud Rate, baud - specifies the baud rate of the modem's
serial port connected internally with the receiver's serial port,
by default with hardware flow control.

8-2

Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

Modem Settings

Figure 8-2. Settings page

Radio parameters:
Frequency, MHz - the operating frequency used for data
transmission and reception.
Protocol - selects a protocol and a modulation type.
Spacing, kHz - displays the channel spacing. This is
determined by the hardware.
Satel FEC - Forward Error Correction technique to maximize
data communication. The rover radio modem has the
capability to check and correct transmission errors (if any) in
an incoming data stream.
Power, mW - sets the appropriate level of output power.
Repeater - Enables/Disables repeater function.
TX Delay, ms - Specifies TX delay.

P/N 7010-0908

8-3

Satel Modem

TX Addressing - Specifies TX address mode.


TX Address, hex - Specifies primary transmit address.
RX Addressing - Specifies RX address mode.
RX Address, hex - Specifies primary receive address.
FCS parameters:
FCS Mode - Allows enabling Free Channel Scan mode.
In free channel scan mode, the Base radio modem will
regularly scan the current operating frequency to determine
the degree of a radio noise (interference). Should the level of
noise on the current operating frequency be greater than the
threshold specified in the Signal Threshold field, the
transmitter will stop broadcasting and switch to the next
frequency.
Net ID- sets Free Channel Scan Net ID.
NOTICE

NOTICE

Occasionally, the receivers may encounter interference if a


jobsite has more than one set of receivers. In this case,
enter a different net ID for each set of receivers.
Table 8-1 displays a list of possible values of the parameters. Default
values are shown in bold.
Table 8-1. Possible Values of parameters

Parameter Name

Values

Baud Rate, baud

19200
38400

Protocol

Satel 3AS
PDL 4FSK
PDL GMSK w/EOT *
* - PDL GMSK w/EOT protocol is supported by
firmware 3.44n or later.

8-4

Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

Modem Settings

Table 8-1. Possible Values of parameters

Parameter Name
Spacing, kHz

Values

12.5
20
25
The value is determined by the hardware

Satel FEC

Disable
Enable

Power, mW

100
200
500
1000

Repeater

No
Yes

TX Addressing

Disable
Enable

TX Address, hex

0000h - FFFFh
Default: 0000h

RX Addressing

Disable
Enable

RX Address, hex

0000h - FFFFh
Default 0000h

FCS

OFF
TX Master
RX Slave
RX/TX Repeater
TX Master + Repeater
RX Slave + Repeater

Net ID, hex

0000h - FFFFh
Default: 0010h

NOTICE

NOTICE

To properly communicate, the Base and Rover radios


require the same settings for Current Frequency, FCS and
Net ID.

P/N 7010-0908

8-5

Satel Modem

Modem Functions
The Functions page allows invoking modem's functions.

Figure 8-3. Functions page

The following functions are available for executing in this modem:


AddChannel: This command is intended to add an operating
frequency from a list defined by the dealer to the list defined by
the user.
DeleteAllChannel: Intended to delete all operating frequencies
from the list defined by the user.
FactoryReset: Resets all the parameters to their default values.

8-6

Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

Chapter 9

Topcon UHF460 Modem


This chapter describes specific parameters and functions for Topcons
UHF460 modem.

General Information
The General page shows the modem model and the product
identification information.

Figure 9-1. General Page

Modem Settings
The Settings page shows a list of properties of the modem (see
Figure 9-2 on page 9-2).
The Settings page displays general communication parameters, and
parameters specific for the modem.
General parameters:
P/N 7010-0908

9-1

Topcon UHF460 Modem

BaudRate select a baud rate for the modems serial port.


The baud rate is adjustable. This is the flow rate on the serial
port connecting the modem to the GPS board. It can be 19200
or 38400 (default) rate with this radio.

Figure 9-2. Settings page

Radio parameters:
Protocol sets the protocol for data transmission. Select
between TPS and PDL. Select TPS if all of the radio-modems
at the jobsite are manufactured by Topcon Positioning
Systems. Select PDL if using PDL radio-modem(s) together
with TPS radio-modem(s) at the jobsite.
Type select a modulation scheme that will be used by the
base radio-modem. It can be either OFF or 4-Level-FSK
(Frequency Shift Keying) or GMSK (Gaussian Minimum
Shift Keying). The following table shows what modulation
technique can be used at a specific link rate.
Table 9-1. Link Rate vs. Modulation

If the LinkRate is...

Use this type of modulation

4800 baud

GMSK

9600 baud

GMSK or 4-Level-FSK

19200 baud

4-Level-FSK

9-2

Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

Modem Settings

RadioLink select the rate at which data is transmitted over


the RF link. The UHF radio-modem supports 4800, 9600
(default), and 19200 baud. Note that this setting affects the
Modulation Type control and vice versa. Must be the same
for the base and rover.
LinkProtocol select the appropriate link protocol among
the following available: FastAsn, TimeOut, and CharOut.
TimeOut enter an integer value between 1 (corresponds to
10 ms) and 50 (corresponds to 500 ms). Once the timeout
between incoming data exceeds the specified value, the
modem begins data transmission.
ControlChar enter a decimal value (usually a control
character). Once the specified character is found in the
incoming data stream, the modem begins data transmission.
Scrambler If set to ON, provides more robust data
communications over the areas with possible interference.
Must be the same for the base and rover.
FEC For a maximum data communication reliability, set
the Forward Error Correction to ON (default). In this case,
the rover radio-modem has the capability to check and correct
transmission errors (if any) in an incoming data stream.
RxChannel select the operating frequency that will be used
by the rover radio-modem to receive differential data. Must
be the same for the base and rover.
TxChannel select the operating frequency that will be used
by the base radio-modem to transmit differential data.
Power select the transmission power for the base radio from
10, 20, 50, 100, 250, 500 mW, 1 or 2 W.
FcsMode select between OFF (default), RxSlave,
TxMaster
FcsNoiseDb select between 70, 85, 100 dBm, or Custom to
specify a threshold value for the noise level for the current
operating frequency in Free Channel Scan mode.
GSM parameters for the GSM module integrated into a receiver:
P/N 7010-0908

9-3

Topcon UHF460 Modem

GsmMode set the mode control to OFF (default), Slave,


Master, or Direct.
GsmPin enter a Personal Identification Number (PIN) if
required.
GsmDial on the rover side, enter the phone number of the
base GSM modem.
GsmSndTime enter a period of time in seconds with which
the base/rover GSM modem will send a service word to the
rover/base GSM modem. This parameter is used to maintain
reliable communication between the pair of modems and
avoid unnecessary modem reinitialization.

9-4

Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

Chapter 10

Cinterion HC25/HC28/
HC28J Modems
See below for a specific description of parameters and functions for
Cinterion HC25/Cinterion HC28/Cinterion HC28J modems.

General Information
The General page displays the modem model, and the product
identification.

Modem Settings
The Settings page displays a list of settings of the modem.
Manufacturer the manufacturer identification text.
Model the product model identification text.
FirmwareVersion the product firmware version.
IMEI the International Mobile Equipment Identity (IMEI) of
the module.
IMSI the International Mobile Subscriber Identity (IMSI).
Authentication the string indicating whether or not network
authentication is required. Possible string values are presented in
Table 10-1.
Operator - the name of the operator in which network the modem
is registered.
Status - the Network Registration Status. Possible string values
are presented in Table 10-2 on page 10-3.

P/N 7010-0908

10-1

Cinterion HC25/HC28/HC28J Modems

Signal Quality - indicates the quality of the received signal


strength in dBm.
Table 10-1 shows a list of possible values of the Authentication
parameter.
Table 10-1. Possible Values of Authentication

SIM PIN authentication


READY

PIN has already been entered. No further entry needed.

SIM PIN

The modem is waiting for SIM PIN1.

SIM PUK

The modem is waiting for SIM PUK1 if PIN1 was


disabled after three failed attempts to enter PIN1.

SIM PIN2

The modem is waiting for PIN2.

SIM PUK2

The modem is waiting for PUK2 to unblock a disabled


PIN2.

Phone security locks set by client or factory


PH-SIM PIN

The modem is waiting for phone-to-SIM card password


if PS lock is active and the client inserts other SIM
card than the one used for the lock. (PS lock is also
referred to as phone or antitheft lock).

PH-FSIM PIN

The modem is waiting for phone-to-very-first-SIM


card. Necessary when PF lock was set. When
powered up the first time, The modem locks itself to the
first SIM card put into the card holder. As a result,
operation of the mobile is restricted to this one SIM
card (unless the PH-FSIM PUK is used as described
below).

PH-FSIM PUK

The modem is waiting for phone-to-very-first-SIM card


unblocking password to be given. Necessary when
PF lock is active and other than first SIM card is
inserted.

PH-NET PIN

The modem is waiting for network personalization


password.

PH-NET PUK

The modem is waiting for network personalization


unblocking password.

PH-NETSUB PIN

The modem is waiting for network subset


personalization password.

PH-NETSUB PUK

The modem is waiting for network subset unblocking


password.

10-2

Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

Modem Functions

Table 10-1. Possible Values of Authentication

PH-SP PIN

The modem is waiting for service provider


personalization password.

PH-SP PUK

The modem is waiting for service provider


personalization unblocking password.

PH-CORP PIN

The modem is waiting for corporate personalization


password.

PH-CORP PUK

The modem is waiting for corporate personalization unblocking password.

Table 10-2. Possible Values of Status parameter

Not registered, ME is not searching for a new operator


Not registered, ME is searching for a new operator
Registered, home network
Registered, roaming
Registration denied
Unknown

Modem Functions
The Functions page displays a list of supported functions. If no
functions are supported, this page is not displayed.
In the TRU version 2.4 the following functions are supported for
GSM modems:
1. PIN Authentication this function allows the modem to store the
entered password. This may be for example the SIM PIN1 to
register to the GSM network, or the SIM PUK1 to replace a
disabled SIM PIN1 with a new one, or the PH-SIM PIN if the
client has taken precautions for preventing damage in the event of
loss or theft etc.
If no PIN1 request is pending (for example if PIN1 authentication
has been done and the same PIN1 is entered again) the modem
responds "ERROR: operation not allowed"; no further action is
required.

P/N 7010-0908

10-3

Cinterion HC25/HC28/HC28J Modems

Each time a password is entered the module starts reading data


from the SIM. The duration of reading varies with the SIM card.
This may cause a delay of several seconds before all commands
which need access to SIM data are effective.
Input Parameters:
PIN Password (string type), usually SIM PIN1.
Sample:
If the requested password was a PUK, such as SIM PUK1 or PHFSIM PUK or another password, then <PIN> must be followed by
<new PIN>. If the requested code was a PUK: specify a new
password or restore the former disabled password.
Sample:
Output Parameters:
Return Value the result code (string type): OK or an error
description.

TIP

TIP

Successful PIN authentication only confirms that the


entered PIN was recognized and correct. The output of the
result code OK does not necessarily imply that the mobile
is registered to the desired network. Typical example: PIN
was entered and accepted with OK, but the modem fails to
register to the network. This may be due to missing
network coverage, denied network access with currently
used SIM card, invalid roaming agreement between home
network and currently available operators etc.

TIP

TIP

What to do if PIN authentication fails?


PIN1 / PUK1:
After three failures to enter PIN 1, the SIM card is blocked

10-4

Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

Modem Functions

(except for emergency calls). ERROR: 12 will prompt the


client to unblock the SIM card by entering the associated
PUK (= PIN Unblocking Key / Personal Unblocking Key).
After ten failed attempts to enter the PUK, the SIM card will
be invalidated and no longer operable. In such a case, the
card must be replaced. PIN1 consists of 4 to 8 digits,
PUK1 is an 8-digit code only.
To unblock a disabled PIN1, enter <PUK1>,<new PIN1>.
2. Facility Lock - this function can be used to enable or disable PIN
verification by the SIM card.
Input Parameters:
Lock Boolean variable which shows whether you want to
enable or disable PIN verification.
PIN Password, SIM PIN1.
Output Parameters:
Return Value the result code (string type): OK or an error
description.

P/N 7010-0908

10-5

Cinterion HC25/HC28/HC28J Modems

Notes:

10-6

Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

Chapter 11

Motorola G24 Modem


See below for a specific description of parameters for Motorola G24
modem.

General Information
The General page displays the modem model, and the product
identification.

Modem Settings
The Settings page displays a list of settings of the modem.
Manufacturer - the manufacturer identification text.
Model - the product model identification text.
Firmware Version - the product firmware version.
IMEI - the International Mobile Equipment Identity (IMEI) of
the module.
IMSI - the the International Mobile Subscriber Identity (IMSI).
Authentication - the string indicating whether or not network
authentication is required. Possible string values are presented in
Table 11-1.
Operator - the name of the operator of the network in which the
modem is registered.
Status - the Network Registration Status. Possible string values
are presented in Table 11-2.
Signal Quality - indicates the quality of the received signal
strength in dBm.

P/N 7010-0908

11-1

Motorola G24 Modem

GPRS - shows GPRS/EDGE coverage. Possible string values are


presented in Table 11-3.
NOTICE

NOTICE

GPRS/EDGE coverage will be detected only when SIM has


GPRS ability.
Table 11-1. Possible Values of Authentication parameter

Value

Description

SIM PIN authentication


READY

PIN has already been entered. No further entry needed.

SIM PIN

The modem is waiting for SIM PIN1

SIM PUK

The modem is waiting for SIM PUK1 if PIN1 was


disabled after three failed attempts to enter PIN1.

SIM PIN2

The modem is waiting for PIN2.

SIM PUK2

The modem is waiting for PUK2 to unblock a disabled


PIN2.

Phone security locks set by client or factory


PH-SIM PIN

The modem is waiting for phone-to-SIM card password


if "PS" lock is active and the client inserts other SIM
card than the one used for the lock. ("PS" lock is also
referred to as phone or antitheft lock).

PH-FSIM PIN

The modem is waiting for phone-to-very-first-SIM


card. Necessary when "PF" lock was set. When
powered up the first time, The modem locks itself to
the first SIM card put into the card holder. As a result,
operation of the mobile is restricted to this one SIM
card (unless the PH-FSIM PUK is used as described
below).

PH-FSIM PUK

The modem is waiting for phone-to-very-first-SIM


card unblocking password to be given. Necessary when
"PF" lock is active and other than first SIM card is
inserted.

PH-NET PIN

The modem is waiting for network personalization


password.

PH-NET PUK

The modem is waiting for network personalization


unblocking password.

11-2

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Modem Functions

Value

Description

PH-NETSUB PIN

The modem is waiting for network subset


personalization password.

PH-NETSUB PUK

The modem is waiting for network subset unblocking


password.

PH-SP PIN

The modem is waiting for service provider


personalization password.

PH-SP PUK

The modem is waiting for service provider


personalization unblocking password.

PH-CORP PIN

The modem is waiting for corporate personalization


password.

PH-CORP PUK

The modem is waiting for corporate personalization


un-blocking password.

Table 11-2. Possible Values of Status parameter

Not registered, ME is not searching for a new operator


Not registered, ME is searching for a new operator
Registered, home network
Registered, roaming
Registration denied
Unknown

Table 11-3. Possible Values of GPRS parameter

No GPRS coverage
GPRS coverage
EDGE coverage

Modem Functions
The Functions page displays a list of supported functions. If no
functions are supported, this page is not displayed.

P/N 7010-0908

11-3

Motorola G24 Modem

In the TRU version 2.4 the following functions are supported for
GSM modems:
1. PIN Authentication - this function allows the modem to store the
entered password. This may be for example the SIM PIN1 to
register to the GSM network, or the SIM PUK1 to replace a
disabled SIM PIN1 with a new one, or the PH-SIM PIN if the
client has taken precautions for preventing damage in the event of
loss or theft etc.
Input Parameters:
PIN Password (string type), usually SIM PIN1.
Sample:
If the requested password was a PUK, such as SIM PUK1 or PHFSIM PUK or another password, then <PIN> must be followed by
<new PIN>. If the requested code was a PUK: specify a new
password or restore the former disabled password.
Sample:
Output Parameters:
Return Value the result code (string type): OK or an error
description.

TIP

TIP

Successful PIN authentication only confirms that the


entered PIN was recognized and correct. The output of the
result code OK does not necessarily imply that the mobile
is registered to the desired network. Typical example: PIN
was entered and accepted with OK, but the modem fails to
register to the network. This may be due to missing
network coverage, denied network access with currently
used SIM card, invalid roaming agreement between home
network and currently available operators etc.

11-4

Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

Modem Functions

TIP

TIP

What to do if PIN authentication fails?


PIN1 / PUK1:
After three failures to enter PIN 1, the SIM card is blocked
(except for emergency calls). ERROR: 12 will prompt the
client to unblock the SIM card by entering the associated
PUK (= PIN Unblocking Key / Personal Unblocking Key).
After ten failed attempts to enter the PUK, the SIM card will
be invalidated and no longer operable. In such a case, the
card must be replaced. PIN1 consists of 4 to 8 digits,
PUK1 is an 8-digit code only.
To unblock a disabled PIN1, enter <PUK1>,<new PIN1>.
2. Facility Lock - this function can be used to enable or disable PIN
verification by the SIM card.
Input Parameters:
Lock Boolean variable which shows whether you want to
enable or disable PIN verification.
PIN Password, SIM PIN1.
Output Parameters:
Return Value the result code (string type): OK or an error
description.

P/N 7010-0908

11-5

Motorola G24 Modem

Notes:

11-6

Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

Chapter 12

Motorola C24 CDMA


Modem
See below for a description of specific parameters and functions for
the Motorola C24 CDMA modem.
The Settings icon opens the multi-tab dialog box, which can consist
of three tabs: General, Settings, and Functions depending on the
modem model used (GSM or CDMA).

General Information
The General tab shows the modem model, and the product
identification information.

Figure 12-1. Settings - General Page

P/N 7010-0908

12-1

Motorola C24 CDMA Modem

Modem Settings
The Settings page shows a list of parameters of the modem.

Figure 12-2. Parameters for Wavecom CDMA Modem

Manufacturer the manufacturer of the modem.


Model information about the modem model.
FirmwareVersion the revision identification of the firmware.
MEID/ESN the Mobile Equipment Identifier or Electronic
Serial Number of the product.
IMSI the IMSI (International Mobile Subscriber Identity) of the
module.
Signal Quality the signal strength in dBm.

12-2

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Modem Functions

Modem Functions
The Functions page allows invoking the modem's function.

Figure 12-3. Functions page

To use the CDMA modem, the user must activate it. For a start,
contact the service provider, and set up a data plan. You will need
either the MEID or ESN, which is displayed on the Settings page.
Then you must activate the module on the Verizon network. To do
that, open the Functions page, choose the Activate (Verizon)
function, and press the Execute button.

TIP

TIP

If you are not able to activate the module on your own,


please contact the service provider.

P/N 7010-0908

12-3

Motorola C24 CDMA Modem

Notes:

12-4

Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

Chapter 13

Motorola H24 Modem


See below for a specific description of parameters for
Motorola H24 3G modem.

General Information
The General page displays the modem model, and the product
identification.

Modem Settings
The Settings page displays a list of settings of the modem.
Manufacturer - the manufacturer identification text.
Model - the product model identification text.
Firmware Version - the product firmware version.
IMEI - the International Mobile Equipment Identity (IMEI) of
the module.
IMSI - the the International Mobile Subscriber Identity (IMSI).
Authentication - the string indicating whether or not network
authentication is required. Possible string values are presented in
Table 13-1.
Operator - the name of the operator of the network in which the
modem is registered.
Status - the Network Registration Status. Possible string values
are presented in Table 13-2.
Signal Quality - indicates the quality of the received signal
strength in dBm.

P/N 7010-0908

13-1

Motorola H24 Modem

Table 13-1. Possible Values of Authentication parameter

Value

Description

SIM PIN authentication


READY

PIN has already been entered. No further entry needed.

SIM PIN

The modem is waiting for SIM PIN1

SIM PUK

The modem is waiting for SIM PUK1 if PIN1 was


disabled after three failed attempts to enter PIN1.

SIM PIN2

The modem is waiting for PIN2.

SIM PUK2

The modem is waiting for PUK2 to unblock a disabled


PIN2.

Phone security locks set by client or factory


PH-SIM PIN

The modem is waiting for phone-to-SIM card password


if "PS" lock is active and the client inserts other SIM
card than the one used for the lock. ("PS" lock is also
referred to as phone or antitheft lock).

PH-FSIM PIN

The modem is waiting for phone-to-very-first-SIM


card. Necessary when "PF" lock was set. When
powered up the first time, The modem locks itself to
the first SIM card put into the card holder. As a result,
operation of the mobile is restricted to this one SIM
card (unless the PH-FSIM PUK is used as described
below).

PH-FSIM PUK

The modem is waiting for phone-to-very-first-SIM


card unblocking password to be given. Necessary when
"PF" lock is active and other than first SIM card is
inserted.

PH-NET PIN

The modem is waiting for network personalization


password.

PH-NET PUK

The modem is waiting for network personalization


unblocking password.

PH-NETSUB PIN

The modem is waiting for network subset


personalization password.

PH-NETSUB PUK

The modem is waiting for network subset unblocking


password.

PH-SP PIN

The modem is waiting for service provider


personalization password.

PH-SP PUK

The modem is waiting for service provider


personalization unblocking password.

13-2

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Modem Functions

Value

Description

PH-CORP PIN

The modem is waiting for corporate personalization


password.

PH-CORP PUK

The modem is waiting for corporate personalization


un-blocking password.

Table 13-2. Possible Values of Status parameter

Not registered, ME is not searching for a new operator


Not registered, ME is searching for a new operator
Registered, home network
Registered, roaming
Registration denied
Unknown

Modem Functions
The Functions page displays a list of supported functions. If no
functions are supported, this page is not displayed.
In the TRU version 2.4 the following functions are supported for
GSM modems:
1. PIN Authentication - this function allows the modem to store the
entered password. This may be for example the SIM PIN1 to
register to the GSM network, or the SIM PUK1 to replace a
disabled SIM PIN1 with a new one, or the PH-SIM PIN if the
client has taken precautions for preventing damage in the event of
loss or theft etc.
If no PIN1 request is pending (for example if PIN1 authentication
has been done and the same PIN1 is entered again) the modem
responds "ERROR: operation not allowed"; no further action is
required.
Each time a password is entered the module starts reading data
from the SIM. The duration of reading varies with the SIM card.
This may cause a delay of several seconds before all commands
which need access to SIM data are effective.
P/N 7010-0908

13-3

Motorola H24 Modem

Input Parameters:
PIN Password (string type), usually SIM PIN1.
Sample:
If the requested password was a PUK, such as SIM PUK1 or PHFSIM PUK or another password, then <PIN> must be followed by
<new PIN>. If the requested code was a PUK: specify a new
password or restore the former disabled password.
Sample:
Output Parameters:
Return Value the result code (string type): OK or an error
description.

TIP

TIP

Successful PIN authentication only confirms that the


entered PIN was recognized and correct. The output of the
result code OK does not necessarily imply that the mobile
is registered to the desired network. Typical example: PIN
was entered and accepted with OK, but the modem fails to
register to the network. This may be due to missing
network coverage, denied network access with currently
used SIM card, invalid roaming agreement between home
network and currently available operators etc.

TIP

TIP

What to do if PIN authentication fails?


PIN1 / PUK1:
After three failures to enter PIN 1, the SIM card is blocked
(except for emergency calls). ERROR: 12 will prompt the
client to unblock the SIM card by entering the associated
PUK (= PIN Unblocking Key / Personal Unblocking Key).
After ten failed attempts to enter the PUK, the SIM card will
be invalidated and no longer operable. In such a case, the

13-4

Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

Modem Functions

card must be replaced. PIN1 consists of 4 to 8 digits,


PUK1 is an 8-digit code only.
To unblock a disabled PIN1, enter <PUK1>,<new PIN1>.
2. Facility Lock - this function can be used to enable or disable PIN
verification by the SIM card.
Input Parameters:
Lock Boolean variable which shows whether you want to
enable or disable PIN verification.
PIN Password, SIM PIN1.
Output Parameters:
Return Value the result code (string type): OK or an error
description.

P/N 7010-0908

13-5

Motorola H24 Modem

Notes:

13-6

Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

Chapter 14

Wavecom Q24 CDMA


Modem
See below for a description of specific parameters and functions for
the Wavecom Q24 CDMA modem (also known as WISMO Quick).

General Information
The General tab shows the modem model, and the product
identification.

Modem Settings
The Settings page shows a list of parameters of the modem.
Manufacturer the manufacturer identification text.
Model the product model identification text.
HardwareVersion the product hardware revision
FirmwareVersion the product firmware version.
MEID/ESN the Mobile Equipment Identifier or Electronic
Serial Number of the product.
Module Serial Number the serial number of the module.
IMSI the IMSI (International Mobile Subscriber Identity) of the
module.
Signal Quality indicates the quality of the received signal
strength in dBm.

P/N 7010-0908

14-1

Wavecom Q24 CDMA Modem

Modem Functions
The Functions page displays a list of supported functions. If no
functions are supported, this page is not displayed.
In the TRU version 2.4 the for CDMA modems the only function is
supported - Activation (Verizon).
NOTICE

NOTICE

To use the CDMA modem, you must activate it. For a start,
contact the service provider, and set up a data plan. You
will need the MEID or ESN, which is displayed on the
Settings page.
Then you must activate the module on the Verizon network. To do
this, open the Functions page, choose the Activate (Verizon) function,
and press the Execute button.

TIP

TIP

If you are not able to activate the module on your own,


please contact the service provider.

14-2

Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

Chapter 15

Wavecom Q26 Elite


CDMA Modem
See below for a description of specific parameters and functions for
the Wavecom Q26 Elite CDMA modem.

General Information
The General tab shows the modem model, and the product
identification.

Modem Settings
The Settings page shows a list of parameters of the modem.
Manufacturer the manufacturer identification text.
Model the product model identification text.
HardwareVersion the product hardware revision
FirmwareVersion the product firmware version.
MEID/ESN the Mobile Equipment Identifier or Electronic
Serial Number of the product.
Module Serial Number the serial number of the module.
IMSI the IMSI (International Mobile Subscriber Identity) of the
module.
Signal Quality indicates the quality of the received signal
strength in dBm.

P/N 7010-0908

15-1

Wavecom Q26 Elite CDMA Modem

Modem Functions
The Functions page displays a list of supported functions. If no
functions are supported, this page is not displayed.
In the TRU version 2.4 the for CDMA modems the only function is
supported - Activation (Verizon).
NOTICE

NOTICE

To use the CDMA modem, you must activate it. For a start,
contact the service provider, and set up a data plan. You
will need the MEID or ESN, which is displayed on the
Settings page.
Then you must activate the module on the Verizon network. To do
this, open the Functions page, choose the Activate (Verizon) function,
and press the Execute button.

TIP

TIP

If you are not able to activate the module on your own,


please contact the service provider.

15-2

Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

Chapter 16

Wavecom Q24 GSM


Modem
See below for a specific description of parameters for
Wavecom Q24 GSM modem.

General Information
The General page displays the modem model, and the product
identification.

Modem Settings
The Settings page displays a list of settings of the modem.
Manufacturer - the manufacturer identification text.
Model - the product model identification text.
HardwareVersion the product hardware revision
Firmware Version - the product firmware version.
IMEI - the International Mobile Equipment Identity (IMEI) of
the module.
IMSI - the the International Mobile Subscriber Identity (IMSI).
Authentication - the string indicating whether or not network
authentication is required. Possible string values are presented in
Table 16-1.
Operator - the name of the operator of the network in which the
modem is registered.

P/N 7010-0908

16-1

Wavecom Q24 GSM Modem

Status - the Network Registration Status. Possible string values


are presented in Table 16-2.
Signal Quality - indicates the quality of the received signal
strength in dBm.
Table 16-1. Possible Values of Authentication parameter

Value

Description

SIM PIN authentication


READY

PIN has already been entered. No further entry needed.

SIM PIN

The modem is waiting for SIM PIN1

SIM PUK

The modem is waiting for SIM PUK1 if PIN1 was


disabled after three failed attempts to enter PIN1.

SIM PIN2

The modem is waiting for PIN2.

SIM PUK2

The modem is waiting for PUK2 to unblock a disabled


PIN2.

Phone security locks set by client or factory


PH-SIM PIN

The modem is waiting for phone-to-SIM card password


if "PS" lock is active and the client inserts other SIM
card than the one used for the lock. ("PS" lock is also
referred to as phone or antitheft lock).

PH-FSIM PIN

The modem is waiting for phone-to-very-first-SIM


card. Necessary when "PF" lock was set. When
powered up the first time, The modem locks itself to
the first SIM card put into the card holder. As a result,
operation of the mobile is restricted to this one SIM
card (unless the PH-FSIM PUK is used as described
below).

PH-FSIM PUK

The modem is waiting for phone-to-very-first-SIM


card unblocking password to be given. Necessary when
"PF" lock is active and other than first SIM card is
inserted.

PH-NET PIN

The modem is waiting for network personalization


password.

PH-NET PUK

The modem is waiting for network personalization


unblocking password.

PH-NETSUB PIN

The modem is waiting for network subset


personalization password.

16-2

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Modem Functions

Value

Description

PH-NETSUB PUK

The modem is waiting for network subset unblocking


password.

PH-SP PIN

The modem is waiting for service provider


personalization password.

PH-SP PUK

The modem is waiting for service provider


personalization unblocking password.

PH-CORP PIN

The modem is waiting for corporate personalization


password.

PH-CORP PUK

The modem is waiting for corporate personalization


un-blocking password.

Table 16-2. Possible Values of Status parameter

Not registered, ME is not searching for a new operator


Not registered, ME is searching for a new operator
Registered, home network
Registered, roaming
Registration denied
Unknown

Modem Functions
The Functions page displays a list of supported functions. If no
functions are supported, this page is not displayed.
In the TRU version 2.4 the following functions are supported for
GSM modems:
1. PIN Authentication - this function allows the modem to store the
entered password. This may be for example the SIM PIN1 to
register to the GSM network, or the SIM PUK1 to replace a
disabled SIM PIN1 with a new one, or the PH-SIM PIN if the
client has taken precautions for preventing damage in the event of
loss or theft etc.
If no PIN1 request is pending (for example if PIN1 authentication
has been done and the same PIN1 is entered again) the modem

P/N 7010-0908

16-3

Wavecom Q24 GSM Modem

responds "ERROR: operation not allowed"; no further action is


required.
Each time a password is entered the module starts reading data
from the SIM. The duration of reading varies with the SIM card.
This may cause a delay of several seconds before all commands
which need access to SIM data are effective.
Input Parameters:
PIN Password (string type), usually SIM PIN1.
Sample:
If the requested password was a PUK, such as SIM PUK1 or PHFSIM PUK or another password, then <PIN> must be followed by
<new PIN>. If the requested code was a PUK: specify a new
password or restore the former disabled password.
Sample:
Output Parameters:
Return Value the result code (string type): OK or an error
description.

TIP

TIP

Successful PIN authentication only confirms that the


entered PIN was recognized and correct. The output of the
result code OK does not necessarily imply that the mobile
is registered to the desired network. Typical example: PIN
was entered and accepted with OK, but the modem fails to
register to the network. This may be due to missing
network coverage, denied network access with currently
used SIM card, invalid roaming agreement between home
network and currently available operators etc.

16-4

Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

Modem Functions

TIP

TIP

What to do if PIN authentication fails?


PIN1 / PUK1:
After three failures to enter PIN 1, the SIM card is blocked
(except for emergency calls). ERROR: 12 will prompt the
client to unblock the SIM card by entering the associated
PUK (= PIN Unblocking Key / Personal Unblocking Key).
After ten failed attempts to enter the PUK, the SIM card will
be invalidated and no longer operable. In such a case, the
card must be replaced. PIN1 consists of 4 to 8 digits,
PUK1 is an 8-digit code only.
To unblock a disabled PIN1, enter <PUK1>,<new PIN1>.
2. Facility Lock - this function can be used to enable or disable PIN
verification by the SIM card.
Input Parameters:
Lock Boolean variable which shows whether you want to
enable or disable PIN verification.
PIN Password, SIM PIN1.
Output Parameters:
Return Value the result code (string type): OK or an error
description.

P/N 7010-0908

16-5

Wavecom Q24 GSM Modem

Notes:

16-6

Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

Chapter 17

Wavecom Q26 GSM


Modem
See below for a specific description of parameters for
Wavecom Q26 GSM modem.

General Information
The General page displays the modem model, and the product
identification.

Modem Settings
The Settings page displays a list of settings of the modem.
Manufacturer - the manufacturer identification text.
Model - the product model identification text.
HardwareVersion the product hardware revision
Firmware Version - the product firmware version.
IMEI - the International Mobile Equipment Identity (IMEI) of
the module.
IMSI - the International Mobile Subscriber Identity (IMSI).
Authentication - the string indicating whether or not network
authentication is required. Possible string values are presented in
Table 17-1.
Operator - the name of the operator of the network in which the
modem is registered.

P/N 7010-0908

17-1

Wavecom Q26 GSM Modem

Status - the Network Registration Status. Possible string values


are presented in Table 17-2.
Signal Quality - indicates the quality of the received signal
strength in dBm.
Table 17-1. Possible Values of Authentication parameter

Value

Description

SIM PIN authentication


READY

PIN has already been entered. No further entry needed.

SIM PIN

The modem is waiting for SIM PIN1

SIM PUK

The modem is waiting for SIM PUK1 if PIN1 was


disabled after three failed attempts to enter PIN1.

SIM PIN2

The modem is waiting for PIN2.

SIM PUK2

The modem is waiting for PUK2 to unblock a disabled


PIN2.

Phone security locks set by client or factory


PH-SIM PIN

The modem is waiting for phone-to-SIM card password


if "PS" lock is active and the client inserts other SIM
card than the one used for the lock. ("PS" lock is also
referred to as phone or antitheft lock).

PH-FSIM PIN

The modem is waiting for phone-to-very-first-SIM


card. Necessary when "PF" lock was set. When
powered up the first time, The modem locks itself to
the first SIM card put into the card holder. As a result,
operation of the mobile is restricted to this one SIM
card (unless the PH-FSIM PUK is used as described
below).

PH-FSIM PUK

The modem is waiting for phone-to-very-first-SIM


card unblocking password to be given. Necessary when
"PF" lock is active and other than first SIM card is
inserted.

PH-NET PIN

The modem is waiting for network personalization


password.

PH-NET PUK

The modem is waiting for network personalization


unblocking password.

PH-NETSUB PIN

The modem is waiting for network subset


personalization password.

17-2

Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

Modem Functions

Value

Description

PH-NETSUB PUK

The modem is waiting for network subset unblocking


password.

PH-SP PIN

The modem is waiting for service provider


personalization password.

PH-SP PUK

The modem is waiting for service provider


personalization unblocking password.

PH-CORP PIN

The modem is waiting for corporate personalization


password.

PH-CORP PUK

The modem is waiting for corporate personalization


un-blocking password.

Table 17-2. Possible Values of Status parameter

Not registered, ME is not searching for a new operator


Not registered, ME is searching for a new operator
Registered, home network
Registered, roaming
Registration denied
Unknown

Modem Functions
The Functions page displays a list of supported functions. If no
functions are supported, this page is not displayed.
In the TRU version 2.4 the following functions are supported for
GSM modems:
1. PIN Authentication - this function allows the modem to store the
entered password. This may be for example the SIM PIN1 to
register to the GSM network, or the SIM PUK1 to replace a
disabled SIM PIN1 with a new one, or the PH-SIM PIN if the
client has taken precautions for preventing damage in the event of
loss or theft etc.
If no PIN1 request is pending (for example if PIN1 authentication
has been done and the same PIN1 is entered again) the modem

P/N 7010-0908

17-3

Wavecom Q26 GSM Modem

responds "ERROR: operation not allowed"; no further action is


required.
Each time a password is entered the module starts reading data
from the SIM. The duration of reading varies with the SIM card.
This may cause a delay of several seconds before all commands
which need access to SIM data are effective.
Input Parameters:
PIN Password (string type), usually SIM PIN1.
Sample:
If the requested password was a PUK, such as SIM PUK1 or PHFSIM PUK or another password, then <PIN> must be followed by
<new PIN>. If the requested code was a PUK: specify a new
password or restore the former disabled password.
Sample:
Output Parameters:
Return Value the result code (string type): OK or an error
description.

TIP

TIP

Successful PIN authentication only confirms that the


entered PIN was recognized and correct. The output of the
result code OK does not necessarily imply that the mobile
is registered to the desired network. Typical example: PIN
was entered and accepted with OK, but the modem fails to
register to the network. This may be due to missing
network coverage, denied network access with currently
used SIM card, invalid roaming agreement between home
network and currently available operators etc.

17-4

Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

Modem Functions

TIP

TIP

What to do if PIN authentication fails?


PIN1 / PUK1:
After three failures to enter PIN 1, the SIM card is blocked
(except for emergency calls). ERROR: 12 will prompt the
client to unblock the SIM card by entering the associated
PUK (= PIN Unblocking Key / Personal Unblocking Key).
After ten failed attempts to enter the PUK, the SIM card will
be invalidated and no longer operable. In such a case, the
card must be replaced. PIN1 consists of 4 to 8 digits,
PUK1 is an 8-digit code only.
To unblock a disabled PIN1, enter <PUK1>,<new PIN1>.
2. Facility Lock - this function can be used to enable or disable PIN
verification by the SIM card.
Input Parameters:
Lock Boolean variable which shows whether you want to
enable or disable PIN verification.
PIN Password, SIM PIN1.
Output Parameters:
Return Value the result code (string type): OK or an error
description.

P/N 7010-0908

17-5

Wavecom Q26 GSM Modem

Notes:

17-6

Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

Chapter 18

Digital UHF II Modem


This chapter describes specific parameters and functions for the
Topcon Digital UHF II modem.

General Information
The General page shows the modem model, and the product
identification information.

Figure 18-1. General Page

Cell Info - press to view information on the cell module.

P/N 7010-0908

18-1

Digital UHF II Modem

Modem Settings
The Settings page allows setting values for parameters of the
connected modem.

Figure 18-2. Settings page

The Settings page displays general communication parameters, and


parameters specific for the modem. To change any editable
parameter, click on the Value field of the highlighted parameter and
select a desired value from the drop-down list appear.
General parameters:
Mode selects Radio or Cell to use for communication (the
UHF or GSM/CDMA band, respectively).
Baud rate, baud selects a baud rate for the modems serial
port.
Flow Control enables hardware flow control.
Radio parameters:
Frequency, MHz assigns an operating channel to the radio
modem. Select the desired frequency from the list.
Protocol sets the protocol for data receiving/transmitting.
Modulation selects a modulation type for the radio modem.
Spacing, kHz selects the channel spacing.
18-2

Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

Modem Settings

Power, mW sets the transmission power for the base radio.


Scrambler when enabled, provides more robust data
communication over high interference areas.
FEC (Forward Error Correction) Enable to maximize data
communication. The rover radio modem has the capability to
check and correct transmission errors (if any) in an incoming
data stream.
Satel parameters:
FCS Net ID, hex: Configures network ID.
Address Receiving: Configures address receiving.
Address Transmission: Configures address transmission.
RX Address, hex: Configures the receiving primary address.
TX Address, hex: Configures the transmission primary
address.
Table 18-1 displays a list of possible values of the parameters.
Default values are shown in bold.
Table 18-1. Possible Values of parameters

Parameter Name

Values

Mode

Radio
Cell

Baud Rate, baud

19200
38400
57600
115200

Flow Control

NONE
RTC/CTS

Frequency, MHz

Carrier frequency displayed in MHz

Protocol

PDL Receiver
PDL Transmitter
PDL Repeater
Satel Receiver
Satel Transmitter
Satel Repeater
Satel FCS Receiver

P/N 7010-0908

18-3

Digital UHF II Modem

Table 18-1. Possible Values of parameters

Parameter Name

Values

Modulation

GMSK - Minimal Shift Keying with Gaussian


Filtering
4FSK - Four Level Frequency Shift Keying

Spacing, kHz

12.5
20
25

Power

100, 250, 500, or 1000 mW

Scrambler

Disable
Enable

FEC

Disable
Enable

FCS Net ID

[0x0000...0xFFFF]
Default value: 0x0010

Address Receiving

Off
On

Address Transmission

Off
On

RX Address, hex

[0x0000...0xFFFF]
Default value: 0x0000

TX Address, hex

[0x0000...0xFFFF]
Default value: 0x0000

Link Rate dependence on the modulation and the space value is


presented in Table 18-2.
Table 18-2. Link Rate vs. Modulation and Space

SpaceValues 12.5 kHz

20 kHz

25 kHz

Modulation
GMSK

Minimal Shift Keying with


Gaussian Filtering

4.8 kbps

4.8 kbps

9.6 kbps

4FSK

Four Level Frequency Shift


Keying

9.6 kbps

9.6 kbps

19.2 kbps

18-4

Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

Modem Functions

Modem Functions
The Functions page allows invoking modem's functions.

Figure 18-3. Functions page

The following functions are available for executing in this modem:


BootConfiguration: This command is intended to reboot the unit
using selected user settings. Two options are available, to use the
default user settings defined by dealer or to use the settings
defined by the end-user.
Factory Reset: Resets all the parameters to their default values.
UploadFile: Intended to upload Country Configuration (CCF) or
Dealer Configuration (DCF) files.

P/N 7010-0908

18-5

Digital UHF II Modem

NOTICE

NOTICE

Please be aware that the Digital UHF II modem supports a


wide UHF frequency range of between 400-470 MHz, and
has been delivered to you in a default factory
configuration1
Before operating a receiver equipped with a Digital UHF II radio, you
must upload the frequencies needed for radio communication in your
specific region. UHF frequencies in your region may be licensed or
unlicensed, but are always subject to some level of restriction within
the overall 400-470 MHz range. Your dealer should load the DCF file
before giving you the receiver integrated Digital UHF II radio. If your
receiver is not loaded with UHF frequencies specific to your region,
please contact your local dealer and request that he supply you with a
DCF file containing licensed UHF frequencies and channel spacings.
Once you receive the DCF file from the dealer, you must have the
latest release version of TRU and do the following:
Install TRU on your Mobile or PC device.
Copy DCF file provided by your dealer and paste it in hard drive
of Mobile or PC device.
Run TRU on your mobile or PC device.
Connect to the internal radio modem of the receiver, using the
Modem Managing mode of TRU.
Click on the Setting option and scroll to the Function tab in TRU.
Select the DCF file saved on local drive and select DCF as the
type of file as shown in (Figure 18-4).
Click on Execute to load the radio frequencies into the radio.

1. The default factory configuration to support operation in 400-470 MHz


is achieved through CCF configuration file.

18-6

Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

Modem Functions

Click once more on Settings to ensure that all frequencies are


correctly loaded and appear available for use.

Figure 18-4. DCF Loader

WARNING

WARNING

A valid DCF configuration is mandatory before using


the product. Failure to understand and apply this
procedure may result in non-operation of the Digital
UHF II radio, or breach of local regulatory laws that
govern radio communications. If you have further
questions or concerns, please contact your Regional
Sales Manager.

P/N 7010-0908

18-7

Digital UHF II Modem

Notes:

18-8

Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

Chapter 19

EAsy Pro 35W Modem


This chapter describes specific parameters and functions for the
EAsy Pro 35W modem.

General Information
The General tab shows the modem model and the product
identification information.

Figure 19-1. General Page

NOTICE

NOTICE

The EASy Pro 35W modem doesn't have a cell module.

P/N 7010-0908

19-1

EAsy Pro 35W Modem

Modem Settings
The Settings tab shows: general information about the modem type,
software and hardware revisions, product code and serial number, and
displays a list of settings for the modem (Figure 19-2 on page 19-3).
The UHF Satel EAsy Pro 35W radio modem offers a transmitter/
receiver/repeater functionality with a maximum 35W power output
for data transmission. The frequency range of the modem depends on
the country in which the receiver is used.
The settings can be read-only (marked by the
icon) or changeable
(marked by the
icon). Clicking on the corresponding line in the
Value column of any editable parameter opens a field to enter or
select from the drop-down list a needed value.
General parameters:
Model the product model identification text.
HardwareVersion the hardware revision of the modem.
FirmwareVersion the firmware version of the modem.
Product Code specifies the product code.
Serial Number specifies the serial number unique for the
modem.
Baud Rate, baud - specifies the baud rate of the modem's
serial port.

19-2

Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

Modem Settings

Figure 19-2. Settings page

Radio parameters:
RX Frequency, MHz - the operating frequency used for data
reception.
TX Frequency, MHz - the operating frequency used for data
transmission.
Protocol - selects a protocol and a modulation type.
Spacing, kHz - selects the channel spacing.
Satel FEC - Forward Error Correction technique to maximize
data communication. The rover radio modem has the
capability to check and correct transmission errors (if any) in
an incoming data stream.
Power, W - sets the appropriate level of output power.
Repeater - Enables/Disables repeater function.

P/N 7010-0908

19-3

EAsy Pro 35W Modem

TX Delay, ms - Specifies TX delay.


TX Addressing - Specifies TX address mode.
TX Address, hex - Specifies primary transmit address.
RX Addressing - Specifies RX address mode.
RX Address, hex - Specifies primary receive address.
FCS parameters:
FCS Mode - Allows enabling Free Channel Scan mode.
In free channel scan mode, the Base radio modem will
regularly scan the current operating frequency to determine
the degree of a radio noise (interference). Should the level of
noise on the current operating frequency be greater than the
threshold specified in the Signal Threshold field, the
transmitter will stop broadcasting and switch to the next
frequency.
Net ID- sets Free Channel Scan Net ID.
NOTICE

NOTICE

Occasionally, the receivers may encounter interference if a


jobsite has more than one set of receivers. In this case,
enter a different net ID for each set of receivers.
Table 19-1 displays a list of possible values of the parameters.
Default values are shown in bold.
Table 19-1. Possible Values of parameters

Parameter Name

Values

Baud Rate, baud

19200
38400

Protocol

Satel 3AS
PDL 4FSK
PDL GMSK w/EOT

Spacing, kHz

12.5
20
25

19-4

Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

Modem Settings

Table 19-1. Possible Values of parameters

Parameter Name

Values

Satel FEC

Disable
Enable

Power, W

10
20
25
35

Repeater

No
Yes

TX Addressing

Disable
Enable

TX Address, hex

0000h - FFFFh
Default: 0000h

RX Addressing

Disable
Enable

RX Address, hex

0000h - FFFFh
Default 0000h

FCS

OFF
TX Master
RX Slave
RX/TX Repeater
TX Master + Repeater
RX Slave + Repeater

Net ID, hex

0000h - FFFFh
Default: 0000h

NOTICE

NOTICE

To properly communicate, the Base and Rover radios


require the same settings for Current Frequency, FCS and
Net ID.

P/N 7010-0908

19-5

EAsy Pro 35W Modem

Modem Functions
The Functions page allows invoking modem's functions.

Figure 19-3. Functions page

The following functions are available for executing in this modem:


AddChannel: This command is intended to add an operating
frequency from a list defined by the dealer to the list defined by
the user.
DeleteAllChannel: Intended to delete all operating frequencies
from the list defined by the user.
FactoryReset: Resets all the parameters to their default values.

19-6

Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

Chapter 20

Q2 Modem
This chapter describes specific parameters and functions for the
Q2 modem.

General Information
The General tab shows the manufacturer, the modem model and the
product identification information.

Figure 20-1. General Page

- opens the Terminal dialog, which allows you to send


command to the modem manually.

Cell Info - if available, press to view information on the cell


module and SIM card inserted.

P/N 7010-0908

20-1

Q2 Modem

Modem Settings
The Settings tab shows a list of properties of the connected modem.

Figure 20-2. Settings page

The Settings page allows viewing and changing general


communication parameters and parameters specific for the modem.
To change any editable parameter, click on the Value field of the
highlighted parameter and select a desired value from the drop-down
list appear.
General parameters:
Baud Rate, baud - specifies the baud rate of the modem's
serial port connected internally with the receiver's serial port.

20-2

Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

Modem Settings

Radio parameters:
Band - Indicates the frequency band and spacing.
RX Frequency, MHz - the operating frequency used for data
reception.
TX Frequency, MHz - the operating frequency used for data
transmission.
Protocol - current protocol.
Modulation - current modulation type.
Link Rate, baud - specifies the rate at which data is
transmitted over the RF link.
Scrambling - indicates use of the scrambler.
FEC - (Forward Error Correction) Enable to maximize data
communication. The rover radio modem has the capability to
check and correct transmission errors (if any) in an incoming
data stream.
CRC Checking - indicates the checksum use (CRC="Cyclic
Redundancy Check") when receiving a package. If the
checksum is wrong (the package was received with errors),
the data is not applied.
Power, mW - the transmission power for the base radio.
FCS - the operation mode in the Free Channel Scan mode.
Satel parameters (the parameters are applied to Satel-compatible
protocols):
Satel Mode - the modem operation mode.
Satel FEC - Forward Error Correction.
Satel CRC Checking - indicates the checksum use.
Satel TX Addressing - Configures address transmission.
Satel TX Address, hex - Configures the transmission primary
address
Satel RX Addressing - Configures address receiving.

P/N 7010-0908

20-3

Q2 Modem

Satel RX Address, hex - Configures the receiving primary


address.
GSM parameters:
Mode - specifies the GSM modem operation mode.
PIN - specifies the PIN code for access to the GSM modem.
It can be a 4-digit number.
Dial - specifies the phone number that the GSM modem in
Master Cell mode will dial in to the remote Slave modem. It
can be a number of 0..14 digits.
Send Time, s - specifies a time interval from 0 to 255 in
seconds, is used to ensure reliable communication between
the pair of modems (Master - Slave) and avoid unnecessary
modem reinitialization. The transmitting modem will send
the service word to the receiving modem in every 'Send Time'
seconds. Note that the service word will not affect the
differential corrections (RTCM or CMR messages) in any
way. If the parameter is set to zero, the service word will not
be used in data transmission.
Table 20-1 displays a list of possible values of the parameters.
Default values are shown in bold.
Table 20-1. Possible Values of parameters

Parameter Name

Values

Baud Rate, baud

19200
38400

Band

UHF460 - [450-470 MHz], step 12.5 kHz


UHF440 - [430-450 MHz], step 12.5 kHz
UHF420 - [410-430 MHz], step 12.5 kHz
VHF160 - [155-175 MHz], step 12.5 kHz
VHF160_20 - [155-175 MHz], step 10 kHz

Protocol

TPS
PDL
Satel
Satel NMS
Trimble

20-4

Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

Modem Settings

Table 20-1. Possible Values of parameters

Parameter Name

Values

Modulation

OFF
4FSK
GMSK

Link Rate, baud

4800
9600
19200

Scrambling

OFF
ON

FEC

OFF
ON

CRC Checking

OFF
ON

Power, mW

100
250
500
1000

FCS

OFF
ON

Satel Mode

FCS OFF
FCS OFF Rx/Tx Repeater
FCS in the transmitting mode (Master)
FCS in the receiving mode (Slave)
Rx/Tx-Mode
Rx/Tx-Repeater
Master advance mode
Slave advance mode

Satel FEC

OFF
ON

Satel CRC Checking

OFF
ON

Satel TX Addressing

OFF
ON

Satel TX Address, hex

0000h - FFFFh
Default: 0000h

Satel RX Addressing

OFF
ON

P/N 7010-0908

20-5

Q2 Modem

Table 20-1. Possible Values of parameters

Parameter Name

Values

Satel RX Address, hex

0000h - FFFFh
Default 0000h

Mode

Off
Slave
Master
Direct

PIN

Any 4-digit number


Default: 0000

Dial

Any number of 0..14 digits.


Default: empty

Send Time, s

0-255
Default: 2

Link Rate dependence on the modulation and the space value is


presented in Table 20-2.
Table 20-2. Table 6-2. Link Rate vs. Modulation and Space

Protocol

Modulation Type
GMSK

TPS
4FSK
Satel
Satel NMS

4FSK

Trimble

GMSK

20-6

Link Rate

Channel Spacing

4800

12.5/20

9600

25

9600

12.5/20

1920

25

9600

12.5/20

19200

25

4800

12.5/20

9600

25

Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

Modem Functions

Modem Functions
The Functions page allows invoking modem's functions.

Figure 20-3. Functions page

The following functions are available for executing in this modem:


AddChannel: This command is intended to add an operating
frequency from a list defined to the users list.
DelChannel: Intended to delete an operating frequency from the
list defined by the user.
FactoryReset: Resets all the parameters to their default values.
GetChannelFCS: Shows if a channel can be used in the FCS
mode.
SetChannelFCS: Enables/Disables use of a channel in the FCS
mode.
SetBand: Changes the current band (and the step).
NOTICE

NOTICE

Supported bands depend on the hardware.

P/N 7010-0908

20-7

Q2 Modem

Notes:

20-8

Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

Appendix A

Compatibility Matrix
The following matrix outlines the compatibility between the different
radios used in Topcon GNSS receivers. Please note that our current HiPer
II and GR-5 receivers are transitioning from the Digital UHF to the
Digital UHF II radio board with the release of the Digital UHF II radio.
Topcon 35 Watt external radio, TRL-35 and most discontinued Topcon
GNSS receivers ---such as the original HiPer series and GR-3--- use the
Digital UHF radio board..

P/N 7010-0908

A-1

Compatibility Matrix

SATELLINEEASy Pro 35W

PDL

GMSK

12.5 kHz

TrimTalk

GMSK













PDL

GMSK

TrimTalk

GMSK

Satel 3AS

4-Level-FSK
4-Level-FSK













PDL

GMSK

TrimTalk*

GMSK

Satel 3AS

4-Level-FSK

4-Level-FSK

PDL

GMSK

TrimTalk*

GMSK

Satel 3AS

4-Level-FSK

4-Level-FSK

GMSK

TrimTalk*

GMSK

Satel 3AS

4-Level-FSK
4-Level-FSK













PDL

GMSK

Satel 3AS

4-Level-FSK

4-Level-FSK

GMSK

Topcon
Digital UHF
25 kHz

12.5 kHz

Topcon
Digital UHF II

Topcon

Modulation

Digital UHF II

Protocol

Digital UHF

Channel
Spacing

Topcon

RX Modem

SATELLINE3AS

TX Modem

20 kHz

25 kHz
PDL

12.5 kHz

SATELLINE-3AS

25 kHz

PDL

*Use of PDL protocol is recommended in applications where possible. Note


that a minimum baud rate of 9600 bps is recommended for all RTK
operations. Compatibility with TrimTalk is subject to some restrictions for
radios listed above.
a TrimTalk protocol is supported on revision C of Satel-3AS boards(with
FW3.39) integrated in Topcon GNSS receivers.
Note: Protocol, modulation, channel spacing and link rate should match between
transmitting and receiving radios for radio operations.

A-2

Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

Compliance of Topcon Equipment with FCC Narrowbanding Policy in the U.S.

Compliance of Topcon
Equipment with FCC
Narrowbanding Policy in the U.S.
The table below outlines the suitable radio configurations that can be
supported by Topcon products to maintain compliance with FCC
narrowbanding regulatory requirements. Note that product operation at
12.5 kHz spacing alone does not provide compliance, and appropriate
updates to your existing FCC licensing may also be required.
Product
Topcon Digital UHF II
12.5 kHz channel spacing

25 kHz channel spacing

Topcon Digital UHF


12.5 kHz channel spacing

25 kHz channel spacing

Topcon TRL-35
12.5 kHz channel spacing

25 kHz channel spacing

P/N 7010-0908

Protocol
SATEL 4FSK
TrimTalk GMSK
PDL GMSK
PDL 4FSK
SATEL 4FSK
TrimTalk GMSK
PDL GMSK
PDL 4FSK
PDL GMSK
TrimTalk GMSK
Topcon DBPSK
Topcon DQPSK
PDL GMSK
TrimTalk GMSK
Topcon DBPSK
Topcon DQPSK
PDL GMSK
TrimTalk GMSK
Topcon DBPSK
Topcon DQPSK
PDL GMSK
TrimTalk GMSK
Topcon DBPSK
Topcon DQPSK

Rate (bps)
FCC Compliant
GRX1, GR-5, Hiper II, MC-R3
9600
Yes
4800
Yes
4800
Yes
9600
Yes
19200
Yes
9600
No
9600
No
19200
Yes
GR-3, GR-5, HiPer (all), HiPer II, MC-R3, MC-2.5
4800
Yes
4800
Yes
4800
Yes
9600
Yes
9600
No
9600
No
9600
No
19200
Yes
External 35-wa Radio
4800
Yes
4800
Yes
4800
Yes
9600
Yes
9600
No
9600
No
9600
No
19200
Yes

A-3

Compatibility Matrix

Notes:

A-4

Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual

Topcon Receiver Utility Reference Manual


P/N: 7010-0908 Rev F 10/12
2012 Topcon Positioning Systems, Inc.
All rights reserved. No unauthorized duplication.