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Menoufiya University

Faculty of Engineering
Shebin El-Kom

Year: First year


Department: Mechanical Power
Subject: Fluid Mechanics (I)
Time Allowed: 3 hours
Date: 18.06.2015

Final Examination ()
Academic Year: 2014-2015

Allowed Tables and Charts: (Included Moody Chart)


[30 Marks for all]

Answer all the following Questions


Question (1)

( 25 Marks)

(a) A 25-mm diameter shaft is pulled through a cylindrical bearing as shown in Figure. The
lubricant that fills the 0.3-mm gap between the shaft and bearing is oil having a kinematic
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viscosity of 8.0 10 m / s and a specific gravity of 0.91. Determine the force required to pull
the shaft at a velocity of 3 m/s. Assume the velocity distribution in the gap is linear. ( 12 Marks)

(b) A closed cylindrical tank filled with water has a hemispherical dome and is connected to an
inverted piping system as shown in Figure. The liquid in the top part of the piping system has
a specific gravity of 0.8, and the remaining parts of the system are filled with water. If the
pressure gage reading at A is 60 kPa, determine: (i) the pressure in pipe B, and (ii) the pressure
head, in millimeters of mercury, at the top of the dome (point C)
(13 Marks)

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Question (2)

( 25 Marks)

(a) Derive an expression for the hydrostatic force acting on an immersed inclined gate and its location relative to the free
surface of water.
(12 Marks)

Solution
See your lectures
*************************

(b) A water tank is allowed to rotate with rotational speed N. Find an expression for the free surface deformation.
(13 Marks)

Solution
See your lectures
*************************
Question (3)
(25 Marks)
(a) Derive an equation expressing the actual discharge of water with installing an orifice-meter a horizontal
pipeline.
(12 Marks)
Solution
See your lectures
(b) If viscous effects are neglected and the tank is large, determine the flow rate from the tank shown in Figure.
(13 Marks)

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Question (4)
(25 Marks)
(a) Derive Bernoullis equation for an incompressible flow. Write the physical meaning of each term. What is the
difference between Bernoullis equation and energy equation of flow?
(7 Marks)
Solution
See your lectures
(b) For laminar flow through pipes, extract a relation between the friction coefficient and Reynolds number of flow.

(8 Marks)
Solution
See your lectures and notebook
(c) The pump shown in the Figure sucks water from the lower sump and delivers it to a storage tank of 60.96 m above the
sump. The steady water flow rate is registered to be
fitted elbows have the same dimensions.

0.16092m 3 / s through a pipe system of internal smooth surface. All

(1) Determine the power that the pump adds to the water ( water = 0.001N .s / m ).
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(7 Marks)

(2) After 10 years, the maintenance engineer noticed that the internal surface is covered with roughness of mean thickness 5
(3 Marks)
mm. Determine the new pump power.

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Pipe length = 152.4 m


Pipe diameter = 0.2286 m

Applying the energy equation between the water levels in the two tanks
E1 + Hpump = E 2 + h(losses )

P1 / + V12 / 2 g + z1 + Hpump = P 2 / + V22 / 2 g + z 2 + h(losses )

P1 = P 2 = Patm = 0.0
V 1 = V 2 0.0
z1 z 2 + Hpump = ( Kent + Kvalve + 4 Kelbow + Kexit + f l / d )V 2 / 2 g
z1-z2= -60.96 m
Hpump = 76.2
60.96 + H pump = (0.8 + 5 + 4 1.5 + 1.0 + f 152.4 / 0.2286)V 2 / (2 9.81)

Q o = / 4 d 2 V = 0.16092m 3 / s
V = 3.91919 m/s

Re = d V / = 1000 3.91919 0.2286 / 0.001 = 895927 (fully turbulent flow)


From Moody Chart Re=895927 and smooth pipe, f=0.012
Hpump=77.24 m
(1) Power = Q o H pump = 1000 9.81 0.16092 75.05 = 118475.82 watt
To compute the new power with the presence of roughness Epselon/D=5/228.6=0.02
From Moody Chart at Re=895927 and rough pipe E/D= 0.02 , f=0.05
Hpump = 97.077
(2) New Power = Q o H pump = 1000 9.81 0.16092 97.077 = 153248.2 watt
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Best Wishes
Prof. Dr. Eng. Wageeh A. El-Askary

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