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Volume: 1 Issue2

April 2014 E magazine

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Volume: 1 Issue2
April 2014 E magazine

Patanjali Yoga sutra 2


The Essence of Yoga


Evolution is coiled within us (Kundalini)


Yoga helps people to relax




Editorial team
Sandhya patki
Falguni Harkisandas
Adarsh Narayandas

Editorial Advisor
Dr Yugandhar GR

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Patanjali yoga sutra 2

Yoga Chitta vritti nirodhah

Meaning of yoga is union , union between body and mind, union of jewathma with
paramathma or connecting the self consciousness with supreme consciousness,
union between two purusha and prakruthi, union between consciousness and prana
shakti or cosmic energy.

Chitta is self consciousness or jewathma conciousness, and chitta can called as

mind consciousness at the mind level there will be sub consciousness and
unconsciousness in the deeper of mind.
Here we are taking Chitta is the mind and mind is modified with the perception,
memory and ego.
Vritti is thought-wave is a modification of that mental substance. Waves of
thoughts, at the mind level the vrittis are thoughts it makes the fluctuation of mind,

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It is a process of just as waves arise from the surface of the ocean, so also these
Vrittis arise from the surface of the mind.
Vrittis are at the mind level it is movement of thoughts, whirl pool, thought
constructs; emotions, feelings, ego, modifications; fluctuation, thought patterns,
thought processes, wavelike operations, mental machinations, agitations,
disturbance, or dulled mind field, repository of thoughts, that which thinks and
feels; the inner instrument for thinking, perception, cognition; the instrument that
consciousness uses to explore its own manifestation. According to Maharshi
Patanjali, Pramana or comperehension, Viparyaya or misconception, Vikalpa or
imagination, Nidra or sleep and Smriti or memory are the five mental Vrittis or
mental functions. If these five mental functions are suppressed and suppression of
desires which leads to unstable mind. The mind which perceptions the things this
things will be stored in the mind which is called as memory and likes & dislikes
are nature of the mind but not at intellectual level this intellectual tells which is
right and which is wrong but not the mind and the ego comes out when the desire
will not be achieved.
Vrittis are obstacles and dull minded, At the time of sleep at night time the person
not aware of physical body & mind because of vrittis . Vrittis are obstacles which
keeps the mind dull, because of this vrittis the serpent energy or kundalini not
crossing the manipura chakra at navel regions, kundalini rises up at navel but once
gain it goes back to mooladhara chakra at base of spine it happens to many people
because of vrittis, there are three gunas which is satwa , rajas and tamas. Here we
see the satwa guna person having more consciousness, satwa guna keeps the mind
calm, quiet, and peace then the person having chances to overcome the vrittis but
tamas keeps the mind disturbed, no calmness of mind.

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Nirodhah - mastery, control, restrain, coordinate and stillness. Nirodhah is

controlling but not suppressing the thoughts or emotions or desires. Controlling
happens its own by practice of yoga. The vrittis or obstacles should be removed for
achieve the nirodhah. All the negativity will be removed by purifying the mind,
purifying the mind happens by practice of yoga especially Pranayama, relaxation
techniques, and meditation, from the practice of yoga, consciousness will be
expanded the consciousness is voluntary control, consciousness controls the
thoughts and mind, but unconsciousness is involuntary impurities have been stored
in the unconsciousness level which makes fluctuating the mind. Nirodhah is
completely still or state of mastery over the mind and it is state of Samadhi,
Samadhi is the aim of yoga, in Samadhi the self soul will merges with supreme

Commentary by Adarsh Narayandas

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Consciousness is something which has never been born and which is never going
to die; thats why it is called as Swayambhu. It is all pervading, all percolating,
seen everywhere inside out: of the rock, plant, animal, human being, the stars,
meteors, the space in between, everywhere; it is everything. All that is - is the
consciousness. It functions in the 3 dimensional world otherwise called as social
reality through something called as Anthahkarana
Anthahkarana has 4 dimensions: Manas, Chitta, Ahankaara and Buddhi. These are
the four dimensions where the consciousness applies or functions or operates in the
3 dimensional world, where the 4th dimension is consciousness itself. Let us work
on these 4 dimensions of operations.

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First thing is Manas - the function of consciousness through Manas is by way of

collecting data through all the Gnanendrias and Karmendriyas which are the
sensory and motor inputs of the body. So it is basically the entry of information
into something called as mind.
Second is Chitta - Chitta means all the images and impressions that we are
carrying. All that is existing as information and all that is existing as memory is
called as Chitha.
The Third is Ahankaara Ahankaara means Aham Aakaara. Aham means am
ness; Aakaara means giving shape. When you give shape to am ness it turns into
ego, it turns in to personality, it turns in to identity, it turns in to identification. So,
how we want to appear in the world is run by Ahankaara.
The Fourth one is Buddhi - Buddhi means the intellect. What you do with the
images, what you do with the perceptual ideas, ideologies and how you
conceptualise and how you postualise the information that you have in the form of
memory is called as Buddhi.

So these four things: Manas, Chitta, Ahankaara and Buddhi is called as

Anthahkarana. And consciousness functions in the 3 dimensional world or social
reality through these four dimensions of Anthahkarana.

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And coming to the 5th question - what are the factors which give raise its change,
evolution, transformation and awakening? For a common man who is living only
in the social reality, living in the world of competition and comparisons, one day
he finds in one of the incarnations the importance of going within and he starts
working on that. He starts working or discovering the ways of involuting, the ways
of centripetalizing his own consciousness and he finds a way and he works upon
them. There are definitely some factors which make a person move from the
functions of consciousness which I call as epicentre of consciousness, towards
ones center of consciousness. This center of consciousness is called a hara or
Prajna. The word Prajna has two words jna has two meanings one meaning is
knowledge, the second meaning is consciousness. The word jna came from
jnathaha that means the origin of knowledge. The origin is only consciousness.
So, there are two meaning of the word jna - knowledge and consciousness. And
pra means more epicentered, intensified. Intensified consciousness is Prajna
which is otherwise called as Hara, the center of consciousness. The word
synonymous in sanskrit for Hara is Prajna

The factors which move from Anthahkarana to the center of Prajna, the seed
consciousness or grounding consciousness are - one is, one should move away
from ones desperate interest to go with in. The very desperation keeps the result
away. This is called as jignasa. Jignasa means curiosity. Ones curiosity is good
but pathological curiosity is very bad. Here I am treating Jignasa as a factor
which works against you. The second factor can be called as Jihasa. Jihasa
means anxiety. Third factor is called as Prepsa. Prepsa means the sense of
achievement. The Fourth factor is Chikarsa, awakening of consciousness in the
form of doing, treating it as a procedure of getting inside oneself.

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These are the four factors from the vedantic side of yoga which need to be
overcome to reach ones center - to move from Anthahkarana, the superficial or
functional aspect of consciousness to the core or origin or seed of ones
consciousness. Once a person conquers this Jignasa, Jihasa, Prepsa and
Chikarsa, still he needs to eliminates many other factors like Dukha, Bhaya
and Vikalpa Dukha means suffering, Bhaya means fear, Vikalpa means
the mental modifications. These are the factors which need to be worked upon to
reach ones center. The first four factors are like elimination or freedom from
actions that is called as Karya Vimukthi. The later three Dhuka, Bhaya and
Vikalpa are called as Chitta Vimukthi. When we become Muktha from all
these 7 things we move towards centre of consciousness.

DR Yugandhar GR

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April 2014 E magazine

The Essence of Yoga

We know that yoga means to unite. Hence, whatever that unites man to the
supreme consciousness can be called Yoga. In other words, Yoga has no
boundaries or barriers. Yoga essentially subscribes to the very nature of man. Yoga
unites or whatever is uniting is Yoga, irrespective of the nature of every being.
There are various paths and all these paths are aspects of Yoga. Service to
Humanity, Devotion towards an object of power or God, Paths of contemplation
and meditation, path of conscious renunciation, path of shedding the aspects of the

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mind, path of the breath, path of silence, path of nurturing awareness, yoga of
action, yoga of inaction, yoga of restraint, so on and so forth are all aimed at
dissolving the limited mind to the supreme consciousness.
Every path has potential. Every path is relevant to someone. How to choose the
path? Simple It is the path that chooses you based on your nature. What makes
you connect easily is the right path for you. What makes you comfortable to
practice will work for you. What adds stress is not your path. This is the problem
that man faces when he follows others opinions. Others cannot understand your
nature completely. Only you can experience your nature based on what suits you.
Nature of a being is not always clearly understood by oneself and depends on likes
and dislikes to determine ones nature, orientation, so on and so forth. Nature is
formed out of character traits. Nature represents the true constitution of the
individual. One can be aggressive, passive, silent, loud, creative, destructive,
optimistic, pessimistic, kind, cruel, sadistic, cynical, compassionate, loving etc.
And nature is always a mixture of many aspects as well. Nature can also be
situational too. Having understood that, it must be clearly understood that a path
suitable for one may not appeal to another. Hence, it is important to walk ones
own path towards liberation based on ones instinct, comfort, do ability, inclination
and most importantly nature. This is why the path of knowledge, path of devotion
and path of liberating action apart from path of the royal (Raja Yoga) is clearly
defined in our ancient scriptures. Everything suits somebody.
The very reason for all the paths and all religions which represent paths are the
mans quest for liberation. Liberation is what the soul craves for. Liberation from
the birth and death! Liberation from all the lower frequencies of existence such as
anger, hatred, jealousy, revenge and the inclination to hurt other for the sake of
possessions and possessiveness. Every aspect of lower frequency binds man to
earth and repeats his existence through many bodies as well as time and space.

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When man became awakened to this fact, he chose to seek liberation. Liberation
does not come easy. Every desire must dissolve and mind should become totally
still or thought-free before man can raise his awareness to that of the universal
The craving of the trapped soul which repeatedly took birth on earth for the sake of
gratification pushes the mind towards liberation. Whatever expressions in the form
of spirituality, spiritual seekers, masters, gurus and religions are all the visible
expressions of this craving of the soul for liberation. In this craving, whatever
unites man to the path of liberation is called Yoga.
Thus, Yoga unites oneself to ones self as well as it unites ones self to the
universal self. Ones nature is the gateway to ones self while ones self itself is the
gateway to the supreme self.
With Unconditional Love


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Evolution is coiled within us ( Kundalini)

A Documentary Feature Film by 7 Dots Media

Kundalini Explained
Kundalini is the powerful life force energy located at the base of the spine in the
body of all humans. It is a reservoir of Divinity latent within us all, a resource of
energy that when fully awakened allows us to reach our full potential with joy,
peace and unconditional love. Never has the time been so critical for each of us to
transform our lives and the world we live in.
It has been said that to know your body is to know the Universe. Sages and saints
of every culture have attested to the existence of a powerful and mysterious life
force, depicted as a serpent coiled three and a half times at the base of the spine at
the last three vertebrae of the tailbone. Here it lays dormant in most individuals
unless and until awakened through spiritual practices, spiritual sexual activity or by

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spiritual master. This awakening can happen spontaneously or by accident,

intentionally or by chance.

Everything in the Universe is energy and the human body is no exception.

This source of energy, when utilized properly, can end suffering, increase health,
bring blissful experiences, loving relationships and spiritual/psychic gifts.
Kundalini is the source of power that the worlds most beloved artists,
composers, poets and writers may have tapped into. Many philosophers harnessed
this power within. For thousands of years, Kundalini experiences have been
described in the esoteric teachings of the Hindus, Egyptians, Tibetans, Chinese,
Native Americans, Shamans, the Bushmen of Africa, Masons and others. The
divine word Kundalini has been referenced in the Bible and the Koran and other
spiritual texts throughout the world in the spiritual context that would conform to
the teachings given in those sacred documents.

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There has been an increase in Kundalini awareness among the Western populations
since the 1970s. Typically what happens is that Kundalini (Shakti or Divine
feminine energy) who resides at the base of the spine in the first chakra (the first
plexus of energy) slowly makes her ascent up the spine when she has been
awakened. Her role as Divine Energy is to travel to the crown chakra (the top of
the head) to unite with her beloved, Shiva, the Divine masculine energy or Pure
Consciousness, who is inert until the sacred circuit is completed. The sacred union
of magnetic/energetic principles is replicated in tantra, the sacred union of the
opposite polarities of male/female, Siva/Shakti, feminine/masculine. Shaktis duty
is to purify the individual in the soul body, physical body, mental body,
physiological body, emotional body as she ascends, giving us her blessings to
evolve to our maximum potential.

Nitin Adsul.

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Yoga helps people to relax

The more we learn about yoga, the more we realize the benefits aren't all
in the minds of the 20 million or so devotees in the U.S. Yoga helps
people to relax, making the heart rate go down, which is great for those
with high blood pressure. The poses help increase flexibility and
strength, bringing relief to back pain sufferers.

Now, in the largest study of yoga that used biological measures to assess results, it
seems that those meditative sun salutations and downward dog poses can reduce
inflammation, the body's way of reacting to injury or irritation.
That's important because inflammation is associated with chronic diseases
including heart disease, diabetes, and arthritis. It's also one of the reasons that
cancer survivors commonly feel fatigue for months, even years, following
Researchers looked at 200 breast cancer survivors who had not practiced yoga
before. Half the group continued to ignore yoga, while the other half received

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twice-weekly, 90-minute classes for 12 weeks, with take-home DVDs and

encouragement to practice at home.
According to the study, which was led by Janice Kiecolt-Glaser, professor of
psychiatry and psychology at Ohio State University, andcpublished in the Journal
of Clinical Oncology, the group that had practiced yoga reported less fatigue and
higher levels of vitality three months after treatment had ended.
Laboratory Proof
But the study didn't rely only on self-reports. Kiecolt-Glaser's husband and
research partner, Ronald Glaser of the university's department of molecular
virology, immunology, and medical genetics, went for stronger, laboratory proof.
He examined three cytokines, proteins in the blood that are markers for
Blood tests before and after the trial showed that, after three months of yoga
practice, all three markers for inflammation were lower by 10 to 15 percent. That
part of the study offered some rare biological evidence of the benefits of yoga in a
large trial that went beyond people's own reports of how they feel.
No one knows exactly how yoga might reduce inflammation in breast cancer
survivors, but Kiecolt-Glaser lays out some research-based suggestions. Cancer
treatment often leaves patients with high levels of stress and fatigue, and an
inability to sleep well. "Poor sleep fuels fatigue, and fatigue fuels inflammation,"
she says. Yoga has been shown to reduce stress and help people sleep better.
Other smaller studies have shown, by measuring biological markers, that expert
yoga practitioners had lower inflammatory responses to stress than novice yoga

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practitioners did; that yoga reduces inflammation in heart failure patients; and that
yoga can improve crucial levels of glucose and insulin in patients with diabetes.
Yoga for Other Stresses
Cancer is an obvious cause of stress, but recent research has pointed to another
contributing factor: living in poverty. Maryanna Klatt, an associate professor of
clinical family medicine at Ohio State University, has taken yoga into the
classrooms of disadvantaged children. In research that has not yet been published,
she found that 160 third graders in low-income areas who practiced yoga with their
teacher had self-reported improvements in attention.
"Their teachers liked doing it right before math, because then the kids focused
better on the math work," she says. "Telling a kid to sit down and be quiet doesn't
make sense. Have them get up and move."
While it would be too complicated and intrusive to measure biological responses to
yoga in schoolchildren, Klatt has done similar research on surgical nurses, who are
under the daily stress of watching suffering and death. She said she found a 40
percent reduction in their salivary alpha amylase, a measure of the fight-or-flight
response to stress.
And she's about to begin teaching yoga to garbage collectors in the city of
Columbus before they head out on their morning shift. At the moment, her
arrangement with the city is not part of a study. She just hopes to make their lives
less stressful. And she does not plan to check their inflammatory response, though
she admits she'd love to.

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Meditation is not.
Meditation is not Prayer/Worship
Meditation is not Concentrationnot Meditation requires Concentration
Meditation is not Contemplation
Meditation is not just a Method
Meditation is not Doing
Meditation a state of being which comes with emptying oneself
Meditation is choice less awareness born out of the awakening of energy of
While there is no singular method which can be called as superior or ultimate, still many
meditation methods advocate the importance of Breath
Here is a way Just Enjoy !!!

Sit Straight ( Sitting Straight makes the alignment of energy properly)

Nose and Navel should be in straight line
Close of your eyes with your hands on the lap
Watch the rise and fall of abdomen with each breath (abdomen raises with every
inhalation and goes within with every exhalation)
Keep the minds eye in the lower abdomen
let the breath be smooth, soft, pause less/jerk less like the flow of oil
Allow the letting-go phenomenon happen
Let there be no expectation or craving for an experience
Slowly the meditative process starts blossoming

With continuous passive attention on breath, with a feeling of letting-go, slowly the mind
gets emptied and gets focussed on the inner eternal silence and the consciousness
slowly gets internalized. This internalized consciousness has to be maintained
throughout the day and night.
The Mastery over breath is said to happen when the breath always happen in the
abdomen even during normal daily activities of life. When the breath patterns are
changed, mind also changes.

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1st World Parliament on Spirituality pics.

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Positive feedback on last Electronic magazine

Madhu sudhan Sharma I went through the magazine and it was very practical, informative and
interesting. Looking forward to reading the future issues of the magazine.
it is very good, I am happy to receive it & great job.Y Manohar

Gnanamurthy Hearty congratulations, Went through the articles highly informative and
The journal is amazing. We regret that no options can deal with such a guru like you. I pray that
this dream might be fulfilled. tatjana marton..
nitin luhadia its very very nice .. good.
The first issue of the magazine focused on Yoga beyond asana brought out by the WORLD
UNITED Yoga Association (TWUYA) that it is impressive, is an understatement. In fact it is
an attempt to meet the requirements of many thinkers of whom many can be even non
practitioners of any yoga, but live with an unanswered feeling that yoga means nothing but
asana. By reading this magazine, I have confirmed my belief that It is not mere an exercise
of some sort, but it is much more for the human being to know himself.
As lay man with a little familiarity on Patanjali. I feel Patanjali yoga sutras are the first and final
words on yoga. In these days of unrest, everybody is aggrieved for some reason or other. But the
silver lining is that, knowledge is percolating with enormous speed to different layers of the
society; what it needs to be firmly rooted, is more practical applications and research, and
institutionalizing. I am glad that this first issue itself is so informative, and genuine on patanjali
and his yoga sutras. It is dense with the sincerity of purpose. I look forward for their future
issues. ---------------------------Rao Sambasiva.

Thank You.
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