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SKOR A KIMIA 2014

TAJUK: FORMULA DAN PERSAMAAN KIMIA/STOIKIOMETRI


SET 1

Diagram 1 shows the structural formula of ascorbic acid (Vitamin C).


Rajah 1 menunjukkan formula struktur bagi asid askorbik (Vitamin C)

Diagram 1
Rajah 1
(a) (i) What is the meaning of molecular formula?
Apa maksud formula molekul?
..

[2 marks / 2 markah]
(ii) Write the molecular formula of compound X.
Tuliskan formula molekul bagi sebatian X.

[1 mark / 1 markah]
(iii) Calculate the relative molecular mass of compound X.
Given relative atomic mass of C = 12, H =1, 0 =16.
Hitungkan jisim molekul relatif bagi sebatian X.
Diberi jisim atom relative bagi C = 12, H =1, 0 =16.

2mark
(b) (i) A team of students took a 29.575 g sample of pure zinc, and burned it in air to
produce a oxide of zinc with mass 36.855g. Find the empirical formula of this
oxide. Given the relative atomic mass of Zn = 65, 0 = 16.
Satu pasukan murid mengambil sampel zink tulen sebanyak 29.575g, dan
membakarkan dalam udara untuk menghasilkan oksida zink dengan jisim 36.855.
Carikan formula empirik untuk oksida ini.
[4mrk]
Diberi jisim atom relatif Zn = 65, 0 = 16

SKOR A KIMIA 2014

TAJUK: FORMULA DAN PERSAMAAN KIMIA/STOIKIOMETRI


SET 2
1
Diagram 1.1 shows the formulae of 4 types of gases released during the eruption
of a volcano. Rajah 1.1 menunjukkan formula bagi 4 jenis gas yang terbebas
semasa letusan gunung berapi.
N2

CO2

H 2S

H 2O

Diagram 1.1 /Rajah 1.1


a)

b)

c)

State the meaning of molar mass of a substance by using one suitable examples.
Nyatakan maksud jisim molar bagi suatu bahan dengan menggunakan satu contoh yang
sesuai.
.
[1 mark]
Calculate the molar mass of each gas shown in Diagram1.1
[Relative atomic mass : H, 1; C, 12; O, 16; N, 14; S, 32 ]
Hitung jisim molar bagi setiap gas yang ditunjukkan dalam Rajah 2. [ Jisim atom relatif :
H,1 ; C,12 ; O,16 ; N,14 ; S,32 ]

[4 marks]
Compare the number of molecules in 0.9 g of water vapour and 2.2 g of carbon dioxide.
Explain.
23
[Relative atomic mass: H, 1; C, 12; O, 16; Avogadro Constant, N A = 6.02 x 10 ]
Bandingkan bilangan molekul dalam 0.9 g wap air dan 2.2 g karbon dioksida.Terangkan.
23
[ Jisim atom relatif : H,1 ; C,12 ;O,16 : Pemalar Avogadro ,N A = 6.02 x 10 ]

[4 marks]

SKOR A KIMIA 2014

TAJUK: FORMULA DAN PERSAMAAN KIMIA/STOIKIOMETRI


SET 3
Table 4.1 shows formula of four ions.
Jadual 4.1menunjukkan formula bagi 4 ion.
Name of ions
Nama ion
Lead ion
Ion Plumbum
Silver ion
Ion argentum
Nitrate ion
Ion nitrat
Chloride ion
Ion klorida
a)

Formula of ions
Formula ion
2+
Pb
+

Ag

NO3
Cl

Table 4.1/Jadual 4.1


Write the formula for each compound below :
Tuliskan formula kimia bagi sebatian di bawah :

i)

Lead (II) nitrate


Plumbum(II) nitrat :..
ii) Silver chloride :
Argentum klorida:.
2markah

b)

When lead(II) nitrate solution is added to sodium chloride solution , lead(II) chloride and
sodium nitrate solution are formed.
Apabila larutan plumbum(II) nitrat ditambahkan kepada larutan natrium klorida , plumbum
klorida dan larutan natrium nitrat terbentuk.
i)

ii)
and

Write the ionic equation for the reaction occurs.


Tuliskan persamaan ion bagi tindak balas yang
berlaku.

[ 2 marks ]
State two information obtained from reaction in (b), in term of qualitative aspect
quantitative aspect.
Nyatakan dua maklumat yang boleh didapati daripada tindak balas dalam (b),
daripada aspek kualitatif dan kuantitatif
Qualitative aspect :
Aspek kualitatif:
.
.....
Quantitative aspect : Aspek
kuantitatif:
..
.

2 markah

c)

The following equation shows the decomposition of lead(II) nitrate by heat.


Tindak balas berikut menunjukkan penguraian plumbum(II) nitrat oleh haba.
___Pb(NO3)2 (s) ___PbO (s) + ___NO2 (s) + O2 (g)
i)

ii)

Complete the chemical equation above.


Lengkapkan persamaan kimia di atas.

[ 1 mark ]

State the observation obtained from above reaction .


Nyatakan pemerhatian yang diperolehi daripada tindak balas di atas.
Compound
Sebatian

Colour of the residue when


hot
Warna baki bila panas

Colour of the residue


when cold
Warna baki bila sejuk

PbO

Gases
Gas

Colour of the gas


released Warna gas yang
terbebas

NO2
O2
[ 3 marks ]

SKOR A KIMIA 2014


TAJUK: FORMULA DAN PERSAMAAN KIMIA/STOIKIOMETRI
SET 4
(a) The following are the formulae of two compounds.
Berikut adalah formula bagi dua sebatian.
Al2O3

PbO2

(i) Based on the two formulae, write the formula for aluminium ion and lead ion
Berdasarkan kedua-dua formula tersebut, tuliskan formula bagi ion aluminium dan
ion plumbum.

..
[2 marks]
(ii) Name both compounds based on the IUPAC nomenclature system.
Namakan kedua-dua sebatian tersebut berdasarkan sistem penamaan IUPAC .

..
[2 marks]
(b) The following information is about an organic compound, K.
Berikut adalah penerangan tentang sebatian karbon K.

Empirical
formula is
CH2O. Formula
empirical

Relative molecular
mass is 60. Jisim
molekul relatif

Reacts with calcium carbonate to produce a type of gas that turns lime water
chalky. Bertindak balas dengan kalsium karbonat menghasilkan gas yang
mengeruhkan air kapur.

Based on the information given:


Berdasarkan penerangan yang diberikan.
(i)

Determine the molecular formula of K.


[Relative atomic mass: H = 1, C = 12, O = 16]
Tentukan formula molekul bagi K. [Jisim atom relative : H = 1 , C=12 , O = 16]
[3 marks]

(ii) Write a balanced chemical equation for the reaction of compound K with calcium
carbonate. Tuliskan persamaan kimia seimbang bagi tindak balas antara sebatian K
dengan kalsium karbonat.

..

[2 marks]

(c) Diagram 5.1 shows the apparatus set up for experiment of decomposition of copper(II)
carbonate. In this experiment copper(II) oxide and carbon dioxide gas are formed.
Diagram 8 menunjukkan susunan radas untuk eksperimen penguraian kuprum(II)
karbonat. Dalam eksperimen ini kuprum(II)oksida dan karbon dioksida dihasilkan.

Copper(II) carbonate
powder
Serbuk
kuprum(II)karbonat
Heat panaskan
Lime water
Air kapur
Diagram 5.1/Rajah 5.1
Based on Diagram 5.1 Berdasarkan rajah 5.1
(i)

State two observations.


Nyatakan dua pemerhatian.

..

..
(ii)

Write a balanced chemical equation for the reaction Tuliskan persamaan kimia seimbang
bagi tindak balas

..
(ii)

State two informations from the chemical equation in (c)(ii).


Nyatakan dua maklumat dari persamaan kimia dalam (c)(ii)

..

..

..

..

(iv) Calculate the mass of the copper(II) oxide formed from the decomposition of 12.4 g
of copper(II) carbonate.
[ Relative atomic mass of C = 12; O = 16; Cu = 64]
Hitungkan jisim kuprum(II)oksida yang terbentuk dari penguraian 12.4 g
kuprum(II)karbonat.
[Jisim atom relatif of C = 12, O = 16, Cu = 64]

SKOR A KIMIA 2014


TAJUK: FORMULA DAN PERSAMAAN KIMIA/STOIKIOMETRI
SET 5
Table 8 shows formula of four ions.
Jadual 8 menunjukkan formula bagi empat ion
Name of ions
Nama ion
Formula of ions
Formula ion

Silver ion
Ion Argentum

Zinc ion
Ion zink

Nitrate ion
Ion nitrat

Chloride ion
Ion klorida

Ag+

Zn2+

NO3-

Cl-

TABLE 8/Jadual 8
a

Write the formula for each compound below :


Tuliskan formula bagi setiap sebatian dibawah
(i) Silver nitrate
............................................................................................
Argentum nitrat
(ii) Zinc chloride
Zink nitrat

: .......................................................................................................

ii Silver chloride
: .......................................................................................................
Argenum klorida
iii Zinc nitrate
Zink nitrat
b

: .......................................................................................................

[4 marks]
When silver nitrate solution is added to zinc chloride solution, white precipitate, silver
chloride and zinc nitrate solution are formed.
Apabila larutan argentum nitrat ditambahkan kedalam larutan zink klorida, mendakan putih,
argentum klorida dan larutan zink nitrat terhasil.
(i)

Identify the reactants and products of the reaction.


Kenalpasti bahan tindakbalas dan hasil tindakbalas bagi tindakbalas di atas
Reactants :............................................................................................................

Bahan tindakbalas
Products : ............................................................................................................
Hasil tindakbalas
[2 marks]
(ii)
Write the chemical equation for the reaction occurs in (b).
Tuliskan persamaan kimia bagi tindakbalasa di(b)
..........................................................................
.................................................................
[1 mark]

The following equation shows the decomposition of silver nitrate by heat.


Persamaan kimia di bawah menunjukkan tindakbalas penguraian sebatian argentum nitrat
oleh haba
2AgNO3

2Ag

+ 2NO2

O2

If 85.0 g of silver nitrate is heated completely, calculate :


Jika 85.0g argentum nitrat telah dipanaskan selengkapnya, hitungkan
(i)

the mass of silver formed.


Given that the relative atomic mass of N =14; O = 16; Ag =108
Jisim argentum yang terhasil
[ Jisim atom relatif: N, 14; O, 16; Ag, 108]

3 marks]
(ii)

the volume of oxygen gas formed at room conditions.


Given that the Molar volume : 24 dm3 at room conditions
Isipadu gas oksigen yang terbebas pada suhu bilik
[ Isipadu molar gas pada suhu bilik: 24dm3 mol-1]

[ 2 marks]