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DESIGN CALCULATION

FOR
Cornish Metal Aluminium Industries

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DESIGN CALCULATIONS FOR THE ALUMINIUM PROFILES

I.

General
1. Design Philosophy
The purpose of this calculation is to design Aluminium Glazing Structure for its
integrity, strength and stability verification. The result of this conclusion is that the
structure considered adequate in meeting the required of design criteria.
2. Unit of Measurement
Unit of measurement in design shall be in Metric system.

II.

Design Calculations
1. Design Code and reference:
BS 8118 Part 1:1991: Structural use of Aluminium. Code of practice for design
Wind loads as per CP3 chapter V - 1972
2. Materials
Aluminium Alloy profile Sec No. 13795 of Alloy 6063 T6 for both Mullion &
Transom panels
The modulus of elasticity of Aluminium E = 70000 MPa
Ultimate Bending stress Po - = 160 MPa = 160 N/mm2
Ultimate Tensile Stress Pa = 185 MPa = 185 N/mm2
Ultimate Shear Stress Pv = 0.6X Po = 0.6X160 = 96 MPa = 96 N/mm2
Wind loads (WL) calculated as per CP3: ch.V
Basic wind speed assumed as 45 m/s.
Basic wind speed V = 45.0 m/sec
Ultimate load factors are considered.
5. Design Method
The wind load calculations are done prior to check the aluminium profiles against the
Wind loads (WL) calculated as per CP3: ch.V
Basic wind speed V = 45.0 m/sec
Design wind speed Vs = V x S1 x S2 x S3

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Where,
Topography factor, S1 = 1.0
For the calculation of S2, ground roughness, building size and height above ground,
factor S2 = 0.69, as per CP3: Chapter V: Part 2, Clause 4 (Surface with large and
frequent obstructions; i.e. City Centre), class B for 15m average height as per the
attached sheets for the wind loads see appendix A.
Statistical factor, S3 = 1.0
Design wind speed Vs = 45.0 x 1.0 x 0.69 x 1.0
Design wind speed Vs = 31.05 m/sec
Wind pressure q = k Vs2
K constant = 0.613
Wind pressure q = 0.613 x (31.05)2
Wind pressure q = 591 N/m2 or 0.591 KN/m2
Referring to the attached sheets appendix A, and to a slope of 0o,
The maximum and minimum pressure co-efficients are,
Cp = +0.7, and -0.8, Since 0.7 is less than 0.8 and considering the large co-efficients
to calculate the maximum wind pressure acting on the surface either upwards or
downwards to resist the ultimate wind load by the structure.
Maximum Wind Pressure (suction) = Cp X q
Maximum Wind Pressure (suction) = -0.80 X 0.591
Maximum Wind Pressure (suction) = 0.473 KN/m2
The structural calculations for the attached sketch are divided into three
categories which as follows:
A)

B)

Design Calculations for the Transom Aluminium Profile Section 13795

C)

Design Calculations for the Anchor Bolt Connected between the angle
and the concrete surface M10-100mm Anchor bolt

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(A) DESIGN CALCULATIONS FOR THE MULLION ALUMINIUM PROFILE

SECTION 13795
Design of Aluminium Sections (Mullions panels):
The Aluminium profile used for Mullion and Transom panels are same i.e. 13795
aluminium profile used but only the difference is the transom panels are of maximum
length of 1.20 m connected between the Mullions, where as the Mullion is considered
to be supported at slabs 1.20m.
Hence, only the Mullion is to be checked for the moment of resistance, shear
resistance and deflection.
Spacing between the Mullions = 1.20 m c/c
Maximum wind load on Mullion = 1.20 X 0.473
Maximum wind load on Mullion = 0.5676 KN/m
Maximum Bending Moment due to wind load for a span of 1.20 m
B.M (max) = w l2 /8
B.M (max) = 0.5676 X (1.20)2 /8
B.M (max) = 0.102KNm
The section used is 13795 from Gulf Extrusions (attached sheet)
The Moment of resistance of the Mullion section must be larger than above value.
Calculation of Moment of Resistance (MR)
MR = Z X P o
Z = Sectional Modulus
The section used is 13795 from Gulf Extrusions and the sectional modulus
Zxx = 23.537 cm3, as per attached sheet
Z = 23537 mm3
MR = 23537 X 160
MR = 3.76 KNm which is greater than the 1.596KNm

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The Moment of Resistance is greater than the Maximum Bending moment.

Check for shear resistance
d/t < 49 for section to be compact
d/t = 99 / 3 = 33
49 = 49 X 1.508 = 73.8
Hence the section used is compact.
Maximum Shear force Vmax = wl/2
Maximum Shear force Vmax = 0.6906 X 4.30 / 2
Maximum Shear force Vmax = 1.485 KN
Shear resistance = Av X Pv / Ym
Shear resistance = (2X3X55) X 96 / 1.2
stress

- Surface area is considered under shear

Shear resistance = 26.4 KN and it is greater than the maximum shear force.
Hence the above section is safe to use as Mullions
Check for Deflection:
= 5 WL4 / (384 EI)
Note: for long term deflection un-factored load is considered.
< L / 175
E = 70000 MPa
W = 0.8 X 0.6906 = 0.552 KN/m
Since the Mullion is supported at a distance of 4.0m from the bottom,
Span = 4300mm
I xx = 1466373.19 mm4 as per the attached data for Profile 13795 section.
= 5 X (0.552 X 4.30 X 1000) X (4300)3 /(384 X 70000 X 1466373.19)
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= 23.94 mm
L/175 = 4300 / 175
L/175 = 24.57 mm
< 24.57mm
Hence the deflection is less than the permissible values.
(B) DESIGN CALCULATIONS FOR THE TRANSOM ALUMINIUM PROFILE
SECTION 13795
Design of Aluminium Sections (Transom panels):
The Aluminium profile used for Transom panels are same i.e. 13795 aluminium
profile used but only the difference is the transom panels are of maximum length of
1.460 m connected between the Mullions with a distance of 1.50m.
Hence, only the Transom is to be checked for the moment of resistance, shear
resistance and deflection.
Maximum clear span of Transom is considered for checking the Aluminium profile,
hence clear span is considered 1.460 m.
Maximum wind load on Transom = 0.473 x 1.50 = 0.71 KN/m
Maximum Bending Moment due to wind load for a span of 1.460 m
B.M (max) = w l2 /8
B.M (max) = 0.71 X (1.460)2 /8
B.M (max) = 0.19KNm
The section used is 13795 from Gulf Extrusions (attached sheet)
The Moment of resistance of the Mullion section must be larger than above value.
Calculation of Moment of Resistance (MR)
MR = Z X P o
Z = Sectional Modulus

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The section used is 13795 from Gulf Extrusions and the sectional modulus
Zxx = 23.537 cm3, as per attached sheet
Z = 23537 mm3
MR = 23537 X 160
MR = 3.76 KNm which is greater than the 0.190KNm
The Moment of Resistance is greater than the Maximum Bending moment.
Check for shear resistance
d/t < 49 for section to be compact
d/t = 99 / 3 = 33
49 = 49 X 1.508 = 73.8
Hence the section used is compact.
Maximum Shear force Vmax = wl/2
Maximum Shear force Vmax = 0.71 X 1.460 / 2
Maximum Shear force Vmax = 0.520 KN
Shear resistance = Av X Pv / Ym
Shear resistance = (2X3X55) X 96 / 1.2
stress

- Surface area is considered under shear

Shear resistance = 26.40 KN and it is greater than the maximum shear force.
Hence the above section is safe to use as Mullions
Check for Deflection:
= 5 WL4 / (384 EI)
Note: for long term deflection un-factored load is considered.
< L / 175
E = 70000 MPa
W = 0.8 X 0.710 = 0.568 KN/m
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I xx = 1466373.19 mm4 as per the attached data for Profile 13795 section.
= 5 X (0.568 X 1.460 X 1000) X (1460)3 /(384 X 70000 X 1466373.19)
= 0.328 mm
L/175 = 1460 / 175
L/175 = 8.34 mm
< 8.34 mm
Hence the deflection is less than the permissible values.
(C) DESIGN CALCULATIONS FOR THE ANCHOR BOLT CONNECTED BETWEEN
THE ANGLE AND THE CONCRETE SURFACE M10 ANCHOR BOLT
Design of Anchor bolt 10mm dia see attached the anchor bolt values:
Maximum Shear force Vmax = wl/2
Maximum Shear force Vmax = 0.6906 X 4.30 / 2
Maximum Shear force Vmax = 1.48 KN
The above shear force will be resisted by the tensile force of the anchor bolt
Tension capacity of the Anchor bolt (6.7 KN) under safe working loads is more than
the factored Shear force (1.081 KN) acting.
Hence, M-10 Anchor bolts are safe enough to resist the Shear force.
Conclusion:
All Aluminium profiles are structurally sufficient and meet its intended purpose.

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