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Ada Ciganlija, popularly known as the “Belgrade Sea”, the former gathering place of

the citizens and guests of Belgrade during the spring and summer months, is now
active all throughout the year. Take a walk along the circular path around the Sava
Lake to find all the potential recreation and relaxation opportunities in this oasis in
the centre of Belgrade.

Meet Belgrade by walking the city streets and enjoy the interesting story of the
history of the city, the architecture and the lives of its citizens. This tour will
introduce you to the core of the city, the Belgrade Fortress, as well as the largest
green surface in Belgrade, Kalemegdan Park.

History
Belgrade is a city with a tumultuous, but also frequently tragic past, primarily due to
its unique position at the confluence of the Sava and Danube rivers, on the border
between the East and the West.
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Roads run through it and around it, used by invading warrior peoples conquering
and destroying this city, rebuilding it and adding to it over and over.
Belgrade has been permanently settled since the mid Neolithic period, the time
when its area played host to the Vincian culture, more than 4,000 years B.C.E.
The Greeks came later, followed by the Romans who pushed the Celts across the
Sava and Danube rivers, installing their fourth legion, the Legio Flavia, at
Singidunum. They built a mighty fort on the Kalemegdan ridge with a city next to it.
From the Celtic dun and the Roman castrum the city grew into a significant border
fortification of the Huns and then the Byzantine emperors Anastasius and
Iustinianus, the Avars, Bulgars, Ugars, Serbs, Turks and Austrians, until it became
the capital of modern Serbia during the 19 th century.
The name Belgrade was first recorded in a letter on April 16, 878, when Pope John
VIII notified the Bulgarian Emperor Mihail Boris that he had removed from office
Sergi (“episcopus Belgradensis”) due to sinful living.
Belgrade had around ten names in the past. As each conqueror claimed it, they
immediately changed its name, but the new name almost always spoke of its
beauty and whiteness. It was called Belgrad, Bello Grado, Alba Urbs, Alba Graeca,

at the time of the First Serbian Uprising and subsequently. Only in the 19 th century. between Knez Mihailova and the Cathedral Church. in 1918. This city. it became the capital of the Kingdom of Serbs. from 1841 onwards. along with a number of other large estates. All these names are translations of the Slavic word Beograd. did Belgrade become the permanent capital of the Principality. living through and surviving numerous wars and destruction during the centuries. The first cobbled road in Belgrade.178 residents and 3.444 houses at the time the Turks left Belgrade in 1867. to the delight of the citizens of Belgrade. as well as during the time of Despot Stefan Lazarević who. Following World War I. once again and finally. The first horse-drawn tram was engaged on October 1. Combat Hill. The first electric light was switched on in Belgrade in 1882.Griechisch Weissenburg. Mačva and Srem as dowry from the Hungarian king. while the first train took off towards Niš from the Belgrade railway station on August 23. 1884. as the vassal of the Ugric king received Belgrade in his possession. made up of oaken cobbles. House of Freedom… It became the capital of the Serb medieval state during the reign of King Dragutin Nemanjić who married the princess Katerina and therefore received Belgrade. Water pipelines were installed in several streets in the city centre during the same year. shoots sprang forth from those cobbles. As the spring rains started to fall. 1892. the capital of Serbia. Nándor Fehérvár. only to become. It had 25. and thereafter the Kingdom of Serbia. and thereafter of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. during the reign of Prince Miloš. Belgrade gradually grew from an oriental town into a modern mid-European city during the 19th century. . Croats and Slovenes. After World War II it regained its position as the capital of the country of Yugoslavia that changed its name a number of times. Castelbianco. such as: House of Winds. is one of the oldest cities in Europe. Nándor Alba. and thus had a number of symbolic names. Thinking Hill. was laid down in 1886 in Kralja Petra I Street.

Belgrade is very much alive and full of positive people.700. administrative. and many departed under their own volition or under duress. Belgrade’s glamour at the crossroads of the European revival celebrates a diverse mix of culture. love. as well as towards Srem and Banat. an inexhaustible source of energy. while the first cinema projection was held in 1896. communications. Unfortunately. occurred in 1999 when the NATO Alliance air force destroyed several tens of residential buildings. More than a quarter of the population of Serbia lives there today! The city is growing towards Šumadija.000 citizens today and is growing into a true metropolis. smiles. etc. the natural combination of oriental passion and European refinement. energy. city of festivals and music. hopefully the last.000 citizens and grew into a true European capital during the early 20th century. Unfortunately. communal and production facilities. Belgrade . dead. The makeup of the population of Belgrade often changed during the past centuries. but those that remained became Belgraders within a generation and seldom abandoned it without pressing need. but also increasingly frantic.. and the same occurred in World War II. since life in Belgrade is ever faster as it is in all big cities. joy. All of these bombings left behind a large number of human victims. Belgrade is a city that is changing and developing at an accelerated pace. It is becoming ever more beautiful. Belgrade had a population of 50. People from all over the Balkans and central Europe moved to it. when the Nazi Luftwaffe turned a large part of the city to dust and rubble in 1941. A city that leaves nobody indifferent. orderly and clean. Belgrade is a city that makes everyone come back with a reason! Step into the attractions of Belgrade. a mere six months after the first projection by the Lumière brothers in Paris.The first telephone rang in 1890. the city of sports and leisure. A city that welcomes everybody. another round of destruction. The cycle was repeated in 1944 when the allied Anglo-American air force repeatedly demolished large parts of the city in addition to the few remaining German military facilities. architecture. Belgrade has more than 1. buried in the rubble or wounded. Choose one of our .. Belgrade – full of inspiration. it was bombed and demolished during World War I. sighs and sounds. Belgrade – Europe’s best nightlife and entertainment.the city of culture.

Statue of the Victor). was the field of many battles. several sports courts. Amam – Turkish bath. science and culture. Sahat kula . Skadarlija. The Fortress was built in stages. through a Byzantine castle and the remains of the medieval capital of the Serb Despotate. the zoo. all the way to an Austrian-Ottoman artillery fortification. the Grand Stairway. The Belgrade Fortress changed and developed throughout the centuries. Have a taste of organic produce in the green markets of Belgrade. It is frequently compared to the Montmartre of Paris. Relax and dine in a restaurant on the river or in some of the lively Belgrade streets. home to busts of important persons from Serbian history. Gate of Charles VI) and the Kalemegdan Park. Feel the energy of the youth and take part in one of the numerous events. both in appearance as well as the exuberant and dynamic artistic atmosphere. during the lengthy period between the 1 st and 18th century. children’s park and a number of monuments and sculptures. a place where you can literally observe the passage of time.Clock Tower. divided into the Upper Town (Despot’s Gate. Check out our clubbing scene. it saw many armies. The complex consists of the fortress itself. . a café and a restaurant. of New Belgrade and Zemun.sightseeing tours. Roman Well. Skadarlija The old. arose during the late 19th and early 20th century when its inns were the gathering place of the best known names in Belgrade. Fortress The Belgrade Fortress is a museum of the history of Belgrade. Lower Town (Nebojša Tower. The Kalemegdan Park contains the “Cvijeta Zuzorić” Pavilion. The Belgrade Fortress offers an exciting view of the confluence of Sava and Danube. it witnessed the brutality of the conquerors and the courage of the tireless defenders of the city. a museum. Take a ride on a bike and stop for a refreshment. It was the place where Belgrade started to develop. bohemian quarter of Belgrade. from a Roman castrum.

a noted tourist attraction of Belgrade. two painters. antique and souvenir shops. Second-level Knights of Barley. Contemporary Skadarlija. at the initiative of the city of Paris. Zemun Once a separate town. “Skadarlija”. where a memorial plaque was placed. fifteen musicians from the parade orchestra and several members of the Society of Beer-drinkers. The bohemian spirit of Skadarlija started to develop in 1901 when. its residents moved to the inns of Skadarlija. This ambiental environment. Six months later Skadarlija returned the visit to its fraternal commune. and the artists of Skadarlija performed their programs on the most important places in Montmartre. His house was turned into a meeting place for poets during the “Skadarlija Nights”. with its revitalization initiated in 1968. A large procession of Belgraders. Skadarlija was once home to many famous writers. 1977. . was urbanistically and architecturally shaped by the renowned Belgrade architect Uglješa Bogunović. paraded in honour of this event from the Monument of Gratitude to France. carrying a poet. along with galleries. A caravan arrived from France on that occasion. Many famous local and international names “spent their best days there – during the night”. “Dva bela goluba” (“Two White Doves”) and “Putujući glumac” (“Travelling Actor”). representatives of the administration of the Free Commune of Montmartre. “Ima dana” (“Time Enough”). houses the famous restaurants “Tri šešira” (“Three Hats”). Zemun has been a municipality within the city of Belgrade since 1945. actors. following the demolition of the famous “Dardaneli” inn. ”Dva jelena” (“Two Stags”). along with the guests. “Zlatni bokal” (“Golden Flagon”). The fraternization of the Belgrade Skadarlija and the Parisian Montmartre occurred on October 22. painters and journalists. using the favourable position of the banks of the Danube and the Sava.This part of the city arose during the early 19 th century. People have settled the area of Zemun as far back as the Neolithic. across the Republic Square to Skadarska Street. with Skadarska Street being named and the houses being numbered in 1872. The famous Serbian poet and painter Đura Jakšić lived and died in Skadarlija.

was erected in 1793 in a transitional style between baroque and classicism. The history of Zemun as a town in the contemporary sense of the word originates in 1717 with the arrival of the Austrians and its joining the Habsburg Monarchy. period furniture from the 18th and 19th century and family portraits. It currently houses the Memorial Museum of Zemun. is a rare example of a residential building from the second half of the 19th century. based on the dugouts (“zemunice”) the first settlers lived in. . Zemun had more than 30.000 citizens around 1920. stands preserved to this day. It was erected by the Hungarian authorities in 1896 and was renewed in 1962. at the corner of Bežanijska and Svetosavska Street. It became a significant fortification against Turkey and developed as an economic and trading centre located at the border. The sundial house in Dubrovačka Street 2 was constructed during the early 19th century in a classical style with elements of baroque. Spirta’s house. Most were farmers. The house of the Karamata family in Matije Gupca Streeet 17 was built in 1764 for the wealthy merchant Kuzman Jovanović. with varied national composition. designed by a Viennese architect in a neogothic style. in Main Street 9. founded in 1955.The toponym Zemun arose with the arrival of the Slavs. It is also known as the tower of Sibinjanin Janko (John Hunyadi).000 in 1910. mentioned as early as the 9th century. nearly a third Germans and a fifth were Croatians. His descendants still live there. Just under half were Serbs. It was home to the famous merchant and diplomat of Insurgent Serbia Petar Ičko. The Zemun Fortress is the oldest building in Zemun. This improved the position of Zemun as a cultural nexus with special impact for the Serbs still living under Turkish rule at the time. Zemun had a population of 17. The current remains are from the 15th century. only to be purchased by Dimitrije Karamata in 1772. The house was built for the Aromanian family Spirta. Ičko’s house. The house interior with its household. The renowned Serbian writer and public official Jovan Subotić spent the last days of his life there. The Millenium Tower stands at the centre of the fortification. but a quarter of the population was employed in crafts and industry.

It is the birthplace of Dimitrije Davidović. as a single-story civil house. a statesman and a diplomat. in Main Street 6. founder of Serbian newspapers. was built during the second half of the 18th century in a classicist style. .The house of Dimitrije Davidović. secretary to Prince Miloš Obrenović.

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