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Read the following text

How Many Hours of Sleep Do You Really Need?

The general rule of thumb for what counts as a full night's sleep has been eight
hours for as long as anyone can remember, but it's not an arbitrary number at
all. Two studies, one at the University of Pennsylvania and the other at the Walter
Reed Research Institute, tested dozens of sleepers and found that sleeping
even seven hours a night will slowly add up to a costly sleep debt.
The studies lasted about four years and posted their results in 2003, but most
people still operate under the old assumption that five or six hours of nightly
sleep is enough to operate indefinitely, without any consequences. While it's true
that a small percentage of people can actually pull it off, the number for most of
us is a rock-solid eight hoursanything less and we begin to suffer major losses
in everything from attention span to reaction time.
The participants in the study were tested in a controlled laboratory setting for a
period of two weeks. Those who slept eight or nine hours didn't show any signs
of slowing down when tested, but the four and six hour groups were found to be
impaired to the point of being "the cognitive equivalent of being legally drunk" at
the end of the two-week period. Sleeping in on the weekends won't necessarily
make it better, either. We just need to sleep more.

Add up to: llevar, conducir

Anything less: cualquier cosa,
por menos / por debajo de
Assumption: creencia
As: como
At all: en lo absoluto
Attention span: perodo de
concentracin, atencin
Debt: deuda
Either: tampoco
Enough: suficiente
Even: an
Flipside: la otra cara de
For as long as: siempre y
For what counts: para lo que
Impaired: disminuido
Just: solo
Lasted: duraron
Losses: prdidas
Lower: ms baja
Posted: publicaron
Pull off: lograr(lo)
Rate: ndice, tasa
Rule of thumb: regla de oro
Setting: ambiente
Sings: signos
Slowing down: perder
energa / desacelerar
Slowly: lentamente
To the point of: hasta el punto
Tradeoff: solucin intermedia
Under: bajo
While: mientras
Without: sin

If you're having trouble meeting your eight hour quota, here are some tips for sleeping
better. The strange flipside, however? One study suggests that adults who sleep between 6
and 7 hours have a lower death rate. Tradeoffs!
Read more about the studies and their results by hitting the link below.
II. Read the text again. Now write one question for this text in Spanish.
1. _________________________________________________________________________________
III. Answer these questions in Spanish.
1. Whats the general rule of thumb for sleeping?
2. What do most people generally believe about sleeping?
3. What happens if I am an adult and sleep for 6 hours? Is there any benefit?
4. If I want to sleep better, which tips are mentioned in this article?
5. Complete the chart based upon the study mentioned in this article:

Where were participants tested?

What happened when we sleep

8 hours??
less than 8 hours

IV. Write the topic and complete main idea of this text? (Spanish)
Escriba el tpico de este texto:
Main idea (oracin):
Estudios han demostrado que ____________________________________________________________
V. What does the following word refer to?
It, line (1) paragraph 1: _________________________________________________________________
VI. Translate the underlined long nominal groups in the text.