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June 2015

An eBook from the editors of

FierceWireless

Strategies for SDN and NFV
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Editor’s Note

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SDN, NFV Rollouts to Escalate
Over the Next Five Years

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Sponsored Content:

The Real Opportunity Behind
NFV and SDN

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The Long (but Promising) Slog
for Software-Defined
Networking

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Sponsored Content:

Operationalizing NFV
Requires a Holistic Approach

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The Promise of OpenFlow
in SDN

14

The NFV Evolution Begins

17

AT&T and Domain 2.0: A Case
Study in SDN

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” he said. Little found that. more nimble software vendors will do it instead and potentially take the lead. the up-and-comers will do it. Standards development aside. But operators are concerned about standardization and some claim that without standards. Infonetics Research estimates that there will be about 20 to 30 operators that deploy SDN and NFV in their networks this year and probably another 50 next year. Globally. the advancement of SDN will be hindered. The company has said it plans to have 75 percent of its “target” network virtualized by 2020 under its Domain 2. director of network planning for SDN implementation at Verizon said recently that the industry needs to build an ecosystem to foster the development of standards. the SDN and NFV train is moving quickly. smaller. two technologies that promise to accelerate innovation and allow them to deploy new services more quickly and efficiently. “Strategies for SDN and NFV. NFV Rollouts to Escalate Over the Next Five Years Sponsored Content: The Real Opportunity Behind NFV and SDN Operators globally are beginning to take a serious look at software-defined networks (SDN) and network functions virtualizations (NFV). n The Long (but Promising) Slog for Software-Defined Networking Sponsored Content: Operationalizing NFV Requires a Holistic Approach The Promise of OpenFlow in SDN The NFV Evolution Begins AT&T and Domain 2. This FierceWireless ebook.” takes an in-depth look at how SDN and NFV are going to dramatically change the wireless network and most likely the entire telecom business. “If existing vendors don’t do it. fixed line and mobile operators across 35 European countries could save $434 billion a year by deploying SDN and NFV. Studies like one by Bell Labs Consulting and Arthur D.0: A Case Study in SDN  Strategies for SDN and NFV // June 2015 . Chris Emmons.S. both AT&T and Verizon Communications have talked about their plans to virtualize their networks.0 initiative. In the U. with AT&T taking a particularly aggressive stance. But NFV and SDN represent a huge shift in how networks are architected and many experts say this type of shift only happens every 20 to 25 years.An eBook from the editors of share: FierceWireless Editor’s Note By Sue Marek Editor-in-Chief /// FierceWireless Editor’s Note SDN. The incentive for operators is strong. And he called upon vendors to work on SDN software that can segment different applications in the application layer. He also warned that if the big vendors don’t do this. collectively.

A recent report by SDxCentral said that SDN. SDxCentral’s study said that the combined technologies would influence almost 80 percent of the purchasing decisions associated with all networking revenue by the end of 2020. we think there were 10 deployments worldwide in March that were providing live services The Long (but Promising) Slog for Software-Defined Networking Sponsored Content: Operationalizing NFV Requires a Holistic Approach The Promise of OpenFlow in SDN The NFV Evolution Begins AT&T and Domain 2. Over the past few years. NFV and SDN are a tall order and represent an architectural shift in networks that only comes along every 20 to 25 years. the appeal of more automation in networks and less reliance on proprietary hardware is worldwide.An eBook from the editors of share: FierceWireless SDN.” said Michael Howard. NFV and other next generation initiatives would grow from less than $15 billion in revenues this year to nearly $105 billion by 2020. NFV Rollouts to Escalate Over the Next Five Years Cable. which would impact “virtually every customer within the networking space. By Mike Robuck Editor’s Note SDN. A study in late May by Bell Labs Consulting and consulting company Arthur D. “For SDN and NFV in carrier networks. Collectively. the telecom industry has recognized the need to virtualize and streamline networks in order to implement DevOps strategies that will result in new services and revenue streams. Little found that collectively fixed-line and mobile operators across 35 European countries could save a total of $434 billion a year by onboarding NFV and SDN into their network domains. principal analyst. NFV is an $8B Market “All of the big operators are heading towards this.” While current NFV/SDN deployments are largely in contained domains in existing architectures. fixed line and cable service providers. Infonetics Research.0: A Case Study in SDN  Strategies for SDN and NFV // June 2015 . wireless and wireline providers are recognizing the need to virtualize their networks so they can introduce new services and revenue streams. NFV Rollouts to Escalate Over the Next Five Years Sponsored Content: The Real Opportunity Behind NFV and SDN There are big financial numbers floating around when it comes to implementing network functions virtualizations (NFV) capabilities and deploying software-defined networking (SDN) by mobile. carrier networks.

somewhere around 80 percent will be software and about 20 percent will be hardware.0: A Case Study in SDN  Strategies for SDN and NFV // June 2015 . but those hardware costs won’t totally disappear. CARRIER NETWORKS. Sue Rudd. among other implementations. NFV/SDN Will Reduce CAPEX SDN enables the separation of the control and data planes to provide a centralized controller and a centralized view of the network.” MICHAEL HOWARD. NFV Rollouts to Escalate Over the Next Five Years apply data and control plane functions in fixed and mobile networks. we think there were 10 deployments worldwide in March that were providing live services to their customers. Paul Parker-Johnson. edge and metro areas by the 2018-2019 time frame.” Howard said. director of service provider analysis at Strategy Analytics said that because margins continue to fall for wireless service providers those companies are looking at ways to save on operational costs. One of the main goals of moving toward NFV/SDN is to reduce the CAPEX costs that are associated with proprietary hardware. “That’s kind of the big picture. and all of the other new NFV technologies that are used to deploy virtualized networks. but we think there will be 20 or 30 more this year and probably another 50 next year so a lot of operators are going to get into what amount to small trials with real customers and then move to widen those trials. Most of them are smaller. “One of the things that NFV does is it can spin up or spin down capacity based on demand so you flatten the peak. The hardware will be the servers.” she said. it’s part of an overall evolution where everything has to work together.” he said. PRINCIPAL ANALYST. While the software will be worth several billion dollars in licensing revenues to the suppliers going forward.” n FierceWireless Editor’s Note SDN. “Most of the benefits of SDN and NFV are going to come from OPEX savings.An eBook from the editors of share: to their customers. NFV consolidates various types of equipment onto server in order to >> SDN. the storage and the switches to run the NFV software in the virtualized network functions plus the management orchestration service chain. principal analyst for ACG Research said that just the software part of the SDNenabled element purchases were projected to reach $4 billion to $5 billion across the data center. With NFV. NFV Rollouts to Escalate Over the Next Five Years Sponsored Content: The Real Opportunity Behind NFV and SDN The Long (but Promising) Slog for Software-Defined Networking Sponsored Content: Operationalizing NFV Requires a Holistic Approach The Promise of OpenFlow in SDN The NFV Evolution Begins AT&T and Domain 2. INFONETICS RESEARCH Howard added that by 2018.” “For SDN and NFV in carrier networks. the firm expects carrier NFV to be an $8 billion market while carrier SDN will be a $3 billion market. There is going to be a savings because when you get better utilization you’re not going to have to spend as much. it will also be sold in combination with network infrastructure that has to be able to work with the software and benefit from it. “Even though the momentum and the relevance of the software is tremendous.

as well as new ways to grow both top and bottom line revenues. and that provide new benefits for customers. such as network firewall. as well as new applications and services through an automated and policy-driven process. but being able to integrate a wide range of virtual network functions (VNFs) to support different use case scenarios is equally important for service providers to be able to truly deliver customizable service chains for customers that enable profitable new business models. and continuously emerging data services. efficiently delivering customer premises equipment from the cloud. Service providers are still working toward commercializing these network architectures network address translation. VNFs that are scalable with rich sets of APIs are needed to “plug and play” with high-level NFV orchestration systems and SDN infrastructures. including management. F5 Networks Service providers (SPs) continue to focus on developing long-term network evolution plans to accommodate an increasing wave of application usage. VNF Portability and Efficiency Selecting orchestration and management platforms that provide the functionality required for efficient deployment and operation of virtualized network infrastructure is important. These trials have also exposed technical challenges that providers can now address. While there is an enormous opportunity to increase revenue growth by serving the growing numbers of connected devices. The real opportunity for service providers is to provide high-availability network services that can be easily provisioned and launched quickly and efficiently.Sponsored Content The Real Opportunity Behind NFV and SDN Launching revenue-generating services with flexible network services By Peter Margaris. but also a business transformation. Service providers can now implement usage-based business models that can leverage networks which can flex on demand. and load balancing. enterprise customers can consume hosted virtual network services on demand. to find new competitive advantages. differentiated services to consumers and enterprises. SSL-VPN. Head of Service Provider Product Marketing. Expanding their businesses into adjacencies can only be possible with the flexibility and agility that these new network architectures can deliver. web application firewall. DNS. There is a great deal of opportunity for service providers who must now focus on commercializing SDN/NFV architectures to directly enable customers to consume new services. service providers know they must transform their fundamental service delivery models to position themselves to profitably serve the dynamically evolving marketplace. ultimately providing networks with the flexibility and agility they need to efficiently deliver new. With the network flexibility and agility that NFV/SDN architectures provide combined with self-service portals. Softwaredefined networking (SDN) and network functions virtualizations (NFV) will play a critical role in this transformation. Virtualize for Business Results Service providers now fully understand that SDN and NFV architectures can provide much more than just an opportunity to reduce CapEx and OpEx. orchestration. n  Strategies for SDN and NFV // June 2015 . a surge of new connected devices. Various proof-of-concept trials have helped service providers evolve the standardization of SDN and NFV technologies. This is much more than just a technology transformation. and integration of network elements in these new architectures.

” The Long (but Promising) Slog for Software-Defined Networking Sponsored Content: Operationalizing NFV Requires a Holistic Approach The Promise of OpenFlow in SDN The NFV Evolution Begins AT&T and Domain 2. Making Money Like a growing number of their worldwide counterparts. “There’s been a shift among carriers. While SDN is well-positioned to play a role in next-generation mobile networks.S. for example. some major obstacles must be overcome before it gains widespread adoption on a global level. They’re really trying to figure out how to apply these technologies to give themselves the ability to introduce new services they can actually profit from.share: An eBook from the editors of FierceWireless The Long (but Promising) Slog for Software-Defined Networking Carriers are finally beginning to investigate SDN.S. which may transform mobile networks. head of service provider product marketing at F5 Networks.” Margaris said. carriers are hoping to leverage SDN and NFV to lower costs by increasingly focusing on software and minimizing investments in pricey hardware. But they’re also beginning to consider how they can implement these strategies to generate revenues as well. “They’re trying to figure out actual business cases they can apply these new networks for – providing virtual application services to enterprise customers.0 initiative. enabling them to lower capital and operational expenditures.0: A Case Study in SDN  Strategies for SDN and NFV // June 2015 . But substantial hurdles remain for the very promising architecture. Juniper Networks and Nokia Networks – as its initial partners in its quest to virtualize its network. or enabling customers to selfprovision services. the two largest U. a developer of application delivery services. according to Peter Margaris. Cisco Systems. making the architecture a key component of its Domain 2. Saving Money. Verizon Wireless is also pursuing SDN and recently named five vendors – Alcatel-Lucent. Ericsson. Editor’s Note By Colin Gibbs SDN. NFV Rollouts to Escalate Over the Next Five Years Sponsored Content: The Real Opportunity Behind NFV and SDN Software-defined networking has long been viewed as a potentially transformative strategy for wireless carriers and other network operators. carrier on the SDN front. AT&T has been the most visible U.

which was recently acquired by Ciena for its SDN and NFV capabilities. Indeed. “The IoT may lead to a lot of devices that are not just lowbandwidth devices but also low ARPU. “Carriers are looking at SDN and NFV architectures to support those kinds of devices….” >> The Long (but Promising) Slog for Software-Defined Networking An eBook from the editors of FierceWireless The Reluctance of Incumbent Vendors The development of standards for any emerging technology is often a major obstacle. it has been in automating the process of backhauling from towers. some of which integrate with each other more efficiently and effectively than others. Absolutely we see that as a way for us to pry open the (wireless) market. Those savings are likely to be realized through use cases such as SDN-driven Wi-Fi offloading and video redirect. chief marketing officer at Cyan. Ericsson may have signaled some vulnerability last fall when an employee wrote on the company’s Research Blog that he was starting to hear doubts about SDN and NFV. NFV Rollouts to Escalate Over the Next Five Years Sponsored Content: And while the large incumbents in the telecom gear segment seem to be moving toward SDN – to one degree or another.” James Kempf of Ericsson Research continued.share: Early Opportunities: Backhaul and the IoT Some of these opportunities are likely to come from the Internet of Things. Editor’s Note SDN. A 2013 study by Strategy Analytics on behalf of Tellabs estimated SDN could save carriers $9 billion by 2017 by enabling them to dynamically manage traffic and backhaul bandwidth.” he continued. CHIEF MARKETING OFFICER AT CYAN “People are starting to say that NFV isn’t going to cut it for high-performance applications. The more quickly the industry can settle on just a few key standards. and SDN is no different: Several protocols are in various stages of being developed for SDN and NFV. it has been in automating the process of backhauling from towers.0: A Case Study in SDN  Strategies for SDN and NFV // June 2015 . and SDN-enabled cloud RAN.” The Real Opportunity Behind NFV and SDN The Long (but Promising) Slog for Software-Defined Networking Sponsored Content: Operationalizing NFV Requires a Holistic Approach The Promise of OpenFlow in SDN The NFV Evolution Begins AT&T and Domain 2. anyway – it’s worth noting that they risk losing their dominance as carriers move toward virtualized networks. Margaris noted.” said Joe Cumello. which is spawning a wide variety of connected devices that typically don’t require as much data as a smartphone or a tablet. I think they are looking for ways to leverage these architectures to leverage new business models.” JOE CUMELLO.” Another segment where SDN seems particularly appropriate for wireless carriers is in backhaul – the delivery of data between the cell site and the core of the mobile network. “Where we have had SDN controller success on the wireless side. “Where we have had SDN controller success on the wireless side. “The first use case we’ve been forced to tackle is backhaul for towers…. “or perhaps even at all. the more quickly SDN and NFV will gain adoption.

those guys have talked about this technology being important. how they operate their networks today. I think Cisco’s been aggressive. That might be the trickier part now. Cyan’s Cumello opined. An eBook from the editors of Instead. but when it comes to other large suppliers.” n FierceWireless Editor’s Note SDN. NFV Rollouts to Escalate Over the Next Five Years Sponsored Content: The Real Opportunity Behind NFV and SDN The Long (but Promising) Slog for Software-Defined Networking Sponsored Content: Operationalizing NFV Requires a Holistic Approach The Promise of OpenFlow in SDN The NFV Evolution Begins AT&T and Domain 2. the carrier’s biggest challenge is likely to be restructuring their businesses to adapt to supporting the services and applications that run on virtualized networks. “The one thing I see is that service providers are really wanting to push this forward. How they have their operations set up.0: A Case Study in SDN >> The Long (but Promising) Slog for Software-Defined Networking  Strategies for SDN and NFV // June 2015 . But operating these networks. more so than the vendors. “The wireless operators.” Margaris said. they have to wait until those large vendors come out with the technology because they have so much installed base. because they need to transform their talent pool. that’s the tough thing.” New Business Models And as often is the case in the tech industry. But as far as we can tell we haven’t seen much in the way of deployments with them. They’re going to need to revamp their business processes entirely. the technology itself might not be the biggest hurdle.share: That kind of reluctance from established vendors appears to have hindered the market in these early days of SDN. “I think that’s a driving force we’ve never seen before. it’s very much around the networks of the past.

An architectural innovation. Unsurprisingly. Although NFV and SDN are fundamentally shifting This allows it to update the policy engine. CTO. Operators that have taken these steps are not only leading in bringing virtualized services to market. shift this significant requires cohesion among all of these groups. operators will not be able to improve time to market and service agility—two key goals of implementing NFV. Therefore the number of internal stakeholders with vested interest in NFV’s success is large and diverse. like the migration from TDM to IP. elements needed to automate NFV application fulfillment and assurance and generate revenue from those applications. among three essential functions: end-to-end service open source efforts are progressing but many lack orchestration. Ideas for remedies to this problem are not in short supply but all must start with the same premise: each group in the ecosystem must work across boundaries and contribute to each other’s missions to accelerate NFV innovation and adoption. CSPs loop automation is critical for virtualized services must develop rich ecosystems for open networks for which service-level agreements may change and application development. A closed-loop environment ensures proactive. embrace across-the. Within CSPs. dedicated NFV organizations that anticipate how virtualization will change corporate cultures. vendor. operationalization cannot to fulfill and assure services on demand. SDN/NFV Strategy. open source group or standards organization. and and offline network monitoring and analytics. fulfilling and assuring NFV applications. implementing ondemand. network virtualization is not an overlay deployment but an integration of solutions throughout the network and operational stacks. making alignment across key groups difficult to achieve. which the way communications service providers (CSPs) provides instructions to the orchestration platform operate and compete. policy management. cloud-based environments for creating. Closedbe accomplished through technology alone. n  Strategies for SDN and NFV // June 2015 . CFO and CIO groups often have divergent objectives that impede adoption and confuse broader NFV business cases.Sponsored Content Operationalizing NFV Requires a Holistic Approach By Mark Bieberich. board cultural change and align cross-functional objectives. too many vendors are resisting the inevitability of Taken together these functions encompass the openness. Therefore. NEC/NetCracker SDN/NFV Solutions The communications industry is still in the early stages of bringing NFV-based applications to market. The first step in addressing this problem is establishing cross-functional. at this early stage of Technology NFV adoption the activities among key ecosystem Among the most important technological groups are disjointed. Organizational Alignment Compared to previous architectural shifts. Although many vendors have announced solutions or built ecosystems to create virtualized applications. i. players throughout the NFV Industry Ecosystem value chain must contribute to operationalization Operationalizing NFV extends beyond the with holistic approaches that incorporate technology. the market is negligible and will remain so until real progress is made towards operationalizing NFV. Without automation.dynamically based on end-user application policies. they’re influencing the direction of NFV technologies and standards in their favor. realtime learning of customer and network behavior through advanced monitoring and analytics. Operators are holding back investment until an ecosystem is more fully formed and works to their advantage.e. There are too many advancements in NFV is creating a closed loop competing agendas among standards organizations. and real-time maturity for the communications market. industry ecosystem and organizational capability of any one operator. Senior Director.

NFV Rollouts to Escalate Over the Next Five Years Sponsored Content: The Real Opportunity Behind NFV and SDN OpenFlow has gained traction in the software defined networking (SDN) space by enabling more effective use of network resources than is possible with traditional networks. SDN has evolved beyond the formal definition of separate control and data planes. “As SDN has evolved. “In the early days of the clean-slate work at Stanford. “OpenFlow grew out of the idea that most switch/ router hardware supported a flow table–based system and that a common abstraction for modeling the flow table could be built in software on a wide variety of fixed-function switching devices. “one could assume that the software operating system for a switch — and the resulting APIs for AT&T and Domain 2. As use cases have developed. scale. and programmability in their networks.0: A Case Study in SDN Sponsored Content: Operationalizing NFV Requires a Holistic Approach The NFV Evolution Begins  Strategies for SDN and NFV // June 2015 . Over the past few years. and that has expanded the range of automated solutions that can be built with SDN.An eBook from the editors of share: FierceWireless The Promise of OpenFlow in SDN OpenFlow offers lots of opportunities for SDN developers. CTO of HP Networking. whether physical or virtual. OpenFlow is particularly strong in applications such as virtualization and next-generation IP-based mobile networks. agility. extensive work has been done in SDN organizations such as the Open Networking Foundation (ONF) to define abstractions for the configuration and management of commodity switching elements.” Carroll said.” The Long (but Promising) Slog for Software-Defined Networking As a result. The Promise of OpenFlow in SDN At the same time. the goal-posts have moved. Editor’s Note By Jason Bovberg SDN. this is driven by the need to deliver cloud infrastructure and accelerate application deployment. but real world deployments are moving slowly. In the data center world. we learned that flow tables are only a tiny percentage of the software capabilities of modern switching devices and that we needed a similar abstraction layer for the rest of the solution to become disaggregated (mix and match hardware and software from competitive multi-vendor ecosystem). it has become clear that businesses are looking for increased flexibility.” said Mark Carroll.

SDN for optical and electrical circuit-based supported a flow table–based transport networks.” or virtual. ONF system and that a common specification area co-director and principal architect at Huawei. and at the same time it has been adding capabilities to allow the protocol to be extended by others (inside or outside ONF). I think we can expect strong commercial  Strategies for SDN and NFV // June 2015 . OpenFlow provides a common framework within which the extensibility mechanisms enable SDN developers to address varied problems and markets independently.” As with any software application. the size of these communities of interest will vary from custom applications to applications that are deployed in a large number of SDNs.1) allows SDN developers to define their own extensions to address “OpenFlow grew out of the idea many new network applications — including. “The latest version of OpenFlow (1. and continued convergence into VM platforms decreases the number of deployed routers and switches.” OpenFlow Evolution “APIs are becoming stable and more full-featured. as uneven vendor support. NFV Rollouts to Escalate Over the Next Five Years Sponsored Content: The Real Opportunity Behind NFV and SDN The Long (but Promising) Slog for Software-Defined Networking Sponsored Content: Operationalizing NFV Requires a Holistic Approach MARK CARROLL.0: A Case Study in SDN Carroll envisions an OpenFlow roadmap.” said Ben Mack-Crane. Patrick Hubbard. remains slowly. More importantly. In recent years. complex deployment for admins. if ever. during the lifecycle of the device. however. said his company sees hardware vendors such as HP and Juniper Networks improving support for OpenFlow. Thus. The NFV Evolution Begins AT&T and Domain 2. and controller software solutions are likewise becoming more robust consumers of OpenFlow services. this has changed.” he said. for that most switch/router hardware example. with regard to SDN management of the forwarding plane.An eBook from the editors of share: control and management planes — were permanently ‘installed’ at the equipment manufacturer and changed rarely. CTO OF HP NETWORKING The Promise of OpenFlow in SDN The keyword. OpenFlow realworld deployment still hasn’t caught fire. Head Geek at SolarWinds.” For some time now. “Cisco and VMware continue to focus on proprietary alternatives to protect market share. whether physical to the OpenFlow specification. the ONF Extensibility Working Group has been extending the OpenFlow protocol to address new applications. operators are slowly beginning to experiment with greater autonomous control of physical routing services by OpenFlow controllers — not just the internal service networks of OpenStack or other virtualization platforms.5. >> The Promise of OpenFlow in SDN FierceWireless Editor’s Note SDN. “In the next 3 to 5 years. “These extensions can be defined and used by abstraction for modeling the flow table could be built in software on a wide variety of fixedcommunities of interest without requiring any change function switching devices.

operators should focus on buying services independent from controller/device wire protocol. “It’s worth defined in the OpenFlow specification with the >> The Promise of OpenFlow in SDN FierceWireless Editor’s Note SDN. “convergence is more limited and demarcation between specialized hardware is more common. You can get both OpenFlow and non-OpenFlow ‘personalities’ from a variety of emergent vendors. In those cases.” BEN MACK-CRANE. rather than the details of the wire protocols. expect incremental network features based on overlay-style SDN services and a reduced emphasis on standardizing device/flow-table protocols. In 5 to 10 years. Thus. and the physical network infrastructure requires less maintenance after initial installation or major redesign. automated configuration — and ideally self-configuring service networks — can provide considerable benefit for both cost management and business agility. operators should deploy extensions. especially for those with transport-focused rather than data-focused networks. switching and routing is becoming increasingly virtualized.” Operator Impact For operators that have the resources to experiment. “For transportfocused operators.” “ONF is looking at how we can make it easier for operators to evaluate application-specific OpenFlow requirements and determine whether particular vendors’ offerings meet these requirements. OpenFlow is an interesting technology.x evolution. In the data center. The SDN controller platform and resulting software ecosystem will become the focus of system designers. ONF SPECIFICATION AREA CODIRECTOR AND PRINCIPAL ARCHITECT AT HUAWEI Operators will begin to see SDN solutions that not only rely on the base OpenFlow protocol but also include packages of technology-specific or application-specific In the short term. NFV Rollouts to Escalate Over the Next Five Years Sponsored Content: The Real Opportunity Behind NFV and SDN The Long (but Promising) Slog for Software-Defined Networking Sponsored Content: Operationalizing NFV Requires a Holistic Approach The Promise of OpenFlow in SDN The NFV Evolution Begins AT&T and Domain 2.x. which will be abstracted away from the consumer APIs. SDN services will be provided by software developers with deep knowledge of OpenFlow 1. These solutions will work with limited hardware choices due to differences among ‘standards-compliant’ switches. and an increased emphasis on service-level APIs. In the longer term. we’ll see switches with more programmable device interfaces.” An eBook from the editors of considering a purchase of switches with a network boot loader for installing the switch operating software.0: A Case Study in SDN  Strategies for SDN and NFV // June 2015 .share: availability of interoperable switches based on OpenFlow 1. combined with NETCONF and Open vSwitch Database Management Protocol (OVSDB) support. said Carroll. HP’s millions of OpenFlow-enabled ports in the existing network will allow new SDN services without forklift. Also. the requirements for a particular switches with OpenFlow capability based on the SDN application might include a subset of the features most recent versions of the 1.” said Hubbard.x. ONF standardization of a next-generation wire-protocol that enables far more programmable and extensible hardware devices.

there interesting new capabilities in how packet parsing and might be an opportunity to define application-specific matching can be controlled by software. “ONF is looking at how we can make it easier for BGP-EVPN. “This could include developing — with network switches. OPEN SOURCE POLICY-BASED SOLUTIONS AT CISCO “Beyond OpenFlow. “I always focus on the problems they’re recommend that operators focus on the problems looking to solve with an SDN they’re looking to solve with an SDN solution and let solution and let that drive their that drive their decision-making process. “Looking further requirements and determine whether particular on the horizon. An eBook from the editors of FierceWireless conformance tests that can be used to certify product offerings for commonly deployed SDN applications. It’s dubbed by some as OpenFlow operators’ input — protocol conformance requirements 2. Ultimately. DIRECTOR OF PRODUCT MANAGEMENT FOR source policy-based solutions at Cisco. and they will need to understand and evaluate a range of technology choices.share: addition of extension features defined by developers addressing that specific application area.” Cohen. such as VXLAN.0.” Cohen said. and Opflex. several new standards have emerged as SDN building blocks. which offers a new programming language for Mack-Crane. While largely academic at this point.0: A Case Study in SDN >> The Promise of OpenFlow in SDN  Strategies for SDN and NFV // June 2015 . NFV Rollouts to Escalate Over the Next Five Years Sponsored Content: The Real Opportunity Behind NFV and SDN The Long (but Promising) Slog for Software-Defined Networking Sponsored Content: Operationalizing NFV Requires a Holistic Approach The Promise of OpenFlow in SDN The NFV Evolution Begins AT&T and Domain 2.” In the end. director of product management for open MIKE COHEN.” said Mike decision-making process.” n Editor’s Note SDN. there’s also an early technology called vendors’ offerings meet these requirements. operators will simply have more options “I always recommend that operators than ever before.” said P4. which have had an even operators to evaluate application-specific OpenFlow larger impact on SDN. it offers some for some common SDN applications.

NFV is a key element in the move away from integrated. service providers can ditch proprietary hardware by using standard servers and accelerate time to market for new services and revenue streams. “Software networking enables an unprecedented level of operations automation as demonstrated in the cloud. operators need to design networks in a new way similar to cloud. This requires new skills and new organization. Working in tandem with software-defined networking (SDN). if I generalize. according to Don Clarke. NFV enables operators and vendors to take advantage of open source software for common components. With NFV. enabling focus on differentiation. chairman of the European Standards Telecommunications Institute’s (ETSI) NFV Network Operations Council. Editor’s Note By Mike Robuck SDN. which requires time and investment. “Significant infrastructure efficiencies can be achieved by re-use of hardware resources and the ability to dynamically scale in/out as network demand changes.” But Clarke noted. 10 percent and 13 percent of their annual revenues The Long (but Promising) Slog for Software-Defined Networking Sponsored Content: Operationalizing NFV Requires a Holistic Approach The Promise of OpenFlow in SDN The NFV Evolution Begins AT&T and Domain 2. NFV reduces CAPEX costs and streamlines networks to provide a centralized view. according to Infonetics Research’s Michael Howard. Other big drivers for NFV and SDN also include service agility and operational efficiencies. “The automation of different parts of the network reduce operational expenses. to obtain these benefits. carrier networks.share: An eBook from the editors of FierceWireless The NFV Evolution Begins NFV will give operators operational efficiencies but the transition away from hardwarecentric networks is challenging.” said Clarke. who is also principal architect at CableLabs.0: A Case Study in SDN  Strategies for SDN and NFV // June 2015 . but there are still some potholes to navigate along the way. principal analyst.” Howard said. NFV Rollouts to Escalate Over the Next Five Years Sponsored Content: The Real Opportunity Behind NFV and SDN Thanks to network functions virtualizations the migration to next-generation networks is underway. “Operators in the main have somewhere between. hardware‐centric solutions to software-based network functionality across virtual and standard hardware. Open source simplifies the journey for integration.

deploy new services. As mobile traffic continues to proliferate and become more dynamic. and then 50 percent.” said Mark Bieberich. So operators are looking for ways to more efficiently invent new services. cooperative. senior director of SDN & NFV strategy at NEC/NetCracker. The Long (but Promising) Slog for Software-Defined Networking “In some ways perhaps the CDN use cases might be more accessible in the short term.An eBook from the editors of share: spent on CAPEX.” The Promise of OpenFlow in SDN NFV: It’s a process Sponsored Content: Operationalizing NFV Requires a Holistic Approach The NFV Evolution Begins AT&T and Domain 2. “In order to connect calls or data beyond the point of the cell tower.” Bieberich added that by year-end he thinks we will begin to see virtualization solutions deployed. the one case that is getting the most attention from the service provider and technology community is the virtualized evolved packet core. the evolved packet core (EPC). I would say over the last two years that’s where the operators have focused their attention when it comes to virtualization. which connect the cell tower mobile backhaul links to the core of the Internet. cloud-based CDN. “What’s getting virtualized is the core of the network. roaming. “I think one area where we see some relevance in the scenarios we’re showing is into 5G. there’s NFV-related work occurring for the virtualization of the radio access network (RAN).” Bieberich said. which is the North American counterpart to ETSI. 60 percent or 70 percent—it depends which study you look at—are operational expenses. efficient home-routed VoLTE roaming and enterprise voice/ collaboration arrangements.” DON CLARKE. The big target is operations expense. recently published eight interprovider use cases for service providers. when the customer wants to buy a new service it can be done fairly automatically. and charge for new services. NFV Rollouts to Escalate Over the Next Five Years Sponsored Content: The Real Opportunity Behind NFV and SDN The Alliance for Telecommunications Industry Solutions (ATIS). as well as proof-of-concept trials moving towards field  Strategies for SDN and NFV // June 2015 . I think when you start looking at 5G systems that it’s pretty much assumed that NFV will be the platform that they’re built on top of. operators have built out EPC networks. IMS and assets in data centers. Editor’s Note SDN.0: A Case Study in SDN With NFV-related commercial deployments beginning. “Of all of the use cases that apply specifically to wireless operators. By putting the necessary changes in the network. The use cases for ATIS’ network functions virtualizations (NFV) Forum included virtual network operator (VNO).” “Software networking enables an unprecedented level of operations automation as demonstrated in the cloud. virtualized EPC was one of the first proof-of-concept (PoC) demonstrations picked and >> The NFV Evolution Begins FierceWireless approved by the ETSI NFV Working Group as a NFV use case that could deliver immediate benefits.” said ATIS Senior Technology Consultant Iain Sharp. CHAIRMAN OF THE EUROPEAN STANDARDS TELECOMMUNICATIONS INSTITUTE’S NFV NETWORK OPERATIONS COUNCIL For wireless carriers in particular.

is that there are existing networks and you just can’t build a brand new network. “It’s also methods. as well as providing professional services to implement NFV/SDN. Cisco Mobility CTO.” SDN. and the bigger they are the bigger the problem. ATIS’ Sharp said there’s also “human skills and process challenges” for operators when it comes to the virtualization of networks. principal engineer.” said Tom Anderson. Both Infonetics’ Howard and NetCracker’s Bieberich cited the proliferation of standards bodies as one area that still needs sorted out.” While service providers will be able to cut back on some hardware CAPEX going forward. “The license models change how you buy software. SENIOR DIRECTOR OF SDN & NFV STRATEGY AT NEC/NETCRACKER The Real Opportunity Behind NFV and SDN Aside of technical challenges. “The big problem for all operators.0: A Case Study in SDN >> The NFV Evolution Begins  Strategies for SDN and NFV // June 2015 . While organizations such as ATIS and ETSI are working to further refine NFV use cases and interfaces. the transition to virtualized networks is happening. But there are still some sticking points.” n Sponsored Content: The Long (but Promising) Slog for Software-Defined Networking Sponsored Content: Operationalizing NFV Requires a Holistic Approach The Promise of OpenFlow in SDN The NFV Evolution Begins AT&T and Domain 2. There’s lot of revenue bearing traffic on existing networks. procedures and operations as well as pricing models and contract changes because you can start to do things like lease software with a limited right to use rather than buying chunks of hardware that has embedded software.” Howard said. the vendors are no doubt looking forward to increased software licensing Editor’s Note “What’s getting virtualized is the core of the network.share: An eBook from the editors of FierceWireless trials. “You have to fit the new technology into existing networks or you overlay it without disturbing the existing networks because the bigger the carrier the more revenue they have and that means the more risk whenever they change their main networks. I would say over the last two years that’s where the operators have focused their attention when it comes to virtualization. operators are moving forward with their best effort NFV/SDN deployments by using open source software. and co-convener of the ATIS NFV Forum. NFV Rollouts to Escalate Over the Next Five Years MARK BIEBERICH. Howard said that almost by definition standards fly in the face of agile deployments due to the time it takes to get them in place. fees. and carriers have to be very careful to not disturb that as they roll out new services.

This is much more like what the Web-scale companies have been doing. “The big motivation is really around building more flexibility. By Colin Gibbs Editor’s Note SDN. “We take a very long view. because it focuses as much on developing innovative technologies as it does on providing traditional mobile services to its wireless customers. pointing to AT&T Labs.” And AT&T is uniquely positioned to move into SDN. of course. but the early stages of its SDN network will take time. we’re not viewed as software companies. vowing to virtualize 75 percent of its “target network” by the year 2020 under its Domain 2. But its aggressive strategy isn’t necessarily appropriate for every carrier looking to leverage a new network architecture. a 2014 survey from Infonetics Research found that an overwhelming 97 percent of carriers plan to deploy SDN at some point. the telecom’s research and development division. “Traditionally. AT&T’s senior vice president of Domain 2.0: A Case Study in SDN AT&T’s plans are unquestionably ambitious.0 initiative.An eBook from the editors of share: FierceWireless AT&T and Domain 2. The  Strategies for SDN and NFV // June 2015 .0 architecture and design.0: A Case Study in SDN AT&T is blazing a trail as it transitions to a virtualized network that focuses on software rather than hardware. Fuetsch claims. aren’t exactly known for betting big on cutting-edge technologies and strategies.” Fuetsch said. NFV Rollouts to Escalate Over the Next Five Years Sponsored Content: The Real Opportunity Behind NFV and SDN AT&T is moving boldly into software-defined networking. Verizon Wireless is ready to follow suit – although perhaps not as aggressively – and it’s likely that Sprint and T-Mobile will eventually do the same. building more speed. virtualized-network functions. Mobile network operators in the U. We see the shift to becoming a software company being really key…. So why is a behemoth like AT&T taking a lead with SDN? “We’re moving from hardware-centric network appliances to much more software-. Indeed. but the architecture is still very much in the trial and experimentation stage.” said Andre Fuetsch.” Starting slowly The Long (but Promising) Slog for Software-Defined Networking Sponsored Content: Operationalizing NFV Requires a Holistic Approach The Promise of OpenFlow in SDN The NFV Evolution Begins AT&T and Domain 2. and reducing cost. we’re operators. in our industry segment.S.

Its capital expenditure in 2015 is expected to be roughly $18 billion. “We take a very long view.000 AT&T employees are charged with transitioning to the new. in a recent post. facilitate organizational change within the operators. many strategies Editor’s Note SDN. NFV Rollouts to Escalate Over the Next Five Years Sponsored Content: The Real Opportunity Behind NFV and SDN The Long (but Promising) Slog for Software-Defined Networking Sponsored Content: Operationalizing NFV Requires a Holistic Approach The Promise of OpenFlow in SDN The NFV Evolution Begins AT&T and Domain 2. hardware-centric architectures. Some will die.” wrote Jason Marcheck. >> AT&T and Domain 2. The transition has already proved fruitful.0: A Case Study in SDN An eBook from the editors of FierceWireless It’s also virtualizing its enterprise and consumer VoIP architecture including VoLTE and combining those offerings to run on a single network. Cisco Systems and Juniper Networks must strike a difficult balancing act as AT&T and other carriers embrace SDN and NFV: They must continue to develop and market traditional telecom equipment as they move to leverage newer technologies and strategies. and in many cases. “Vendors that can’t demonstrate a sustained commitment to this road will fail. “All vendors must show their commitment to SDN/NFV. down from $21 billion last year. and the system automatically routed queries to an alternate location.0 ARCHITECTURE AND DESIGN The carrier claims the transition to SDN will also enable it to add capacity more rapidly and issue network upgrades more quickly and efficiently than through traditional. That decrease can be traced not only to a lesser need for traditional telecom hardware but also to AT&T’s newfound ability to extract pricing concessions from legacy vendors that find themselves threatened by the emergence of SDN and NFV architectures. An industry-wide transition And while AT&T’s transition to SDN is still very much in its infancy. Likewise.” Many carriers. So incumbent vendors such as Adtran. software-centric architecture. the eyes of the telecom world are on AT&T as it moves into the SDN/NFV era.share: company said it plans to virtualize only five percent of its network this year as it lays the foundation for the broader SDN deployment. the carrier is already enjoying some financial dividends. But most of its DNS lookups now occur through automated virtual machines running in the cloud. This year AT&T launched its first SDN-enabled network service. AT&T’S SENIOR VICE PRESIDENT OF DOMAIN 2.” It’s virtualizing mobile network functions starting this year with its Connected Car applications and MVNO services. all vendors need to demonstrate the wherewithal to prod. however: AT&T processes 190 billion Domain Name System queries per day and recently suffered an outage at a California-based DNS facility that handles consumer wireline traffic. “It ramped up without a hiccup. an offering branded Network on Demand that provides a way for customers to increase or decrease their bandwidth as needed “in near real time. This is much more like what the Webscale companies have been doing. But while  Strategies for SDN and NFV // June 2015 . We see the shift to becoming a software company being really key…. help.0: A Case Study in SDN Meanwhile. that much has been made clear.” ANDRE FUETSCH. research director for Current Analysis’s Service Provider Infrastructure Service.” a senior AT&T executive wrote on the company’s Innovation Blog. More than 2.

Few telecoms around the world can match AT&T’s deep pockets.” Jarich concluded. that’s because orchestrated. business-focused aspects of NFV (potentially leading with them) but be prepared to start it is.” wrote Peter FierceWireless Editor’s Note SDN.” n smaller and support narrow use cases. NFV Rollouts to Escalate Over the Next Five Years Sponsored Content: The Real Opportunity Behind NFV and SDN The Long (but Promising) Slog for Software-Defined Networking Sponsored Content: Operationalizing NFV Requires a Holistic Approach The Promise of OpenFlow in SDN The NFV Evolution Begins AT&T and Domain 2.0: A Case Study in SDN >> AT&T and Domain 2. An eBook from the editors of Jarich. meanwhile. “But the payoff promises that it’s a dance worth learning. nor can they ignore the need for those use cases to be linked into broader service-enabling platforms going forward. analysts warn that its strategies and tactics aren’t necessarily applicable to other service providers and other markets. and most are likely to embrace the new technologies more circumspectly. Vendors need to engage with carriers on the “If this all sounds like a complex dance. “Operators. cannot let lofty orchestrated service-enablement NFV goals get in the way of single use-case investigations.0: A Case Study in SDN  Strategies for SDN and NFV // June 2015 .share: it may be the most visible carrier pursuing the new architecture. vice president of Consumer and Infrastructure Services at Current Analysis.