You are on page 1of 8

UNIVERSITI KUALA LUMPUR

Malaysian Institute of Chemical & Bioengineering
Technology

ENV 3053
Air Pollution Control Technology

Laboratory Report 6
“Spray Chamber System”
Date of experiment:
15th September 2006

PREPARED BY:
FITRINNAS BIN MOHAMMAD NAZRI
55100204074
NOR’AIN BT MOHD RAMLI
55100204079
SITI NUR BT YUSUF
55100204029
LECTURER: MR. TENGKU FAZLI TENGKU YAHYA
1.0 SUMMARY

A mist eliminator at the top section of the chamber prevents water droplets from escaping.The Spray Chamber System consists of mainly a spray (separation chamber. increasing of spray pressure will decreased the droplet size in order to provide more surface area. The bulk of the liquor is separated by gravity and collects in the base of the tower.0 INTRODUCTION The spray chamber has five different spray nozzles that have been installed inside the chamber to produce five different droplet sizes. liquid flow meters. a water re-circulation system. 2. Spray chamber is a low energy scrubber and has low contacting power so it is not intended for collection of small particulates. The largest droplet size has less efficiency and the smallest droplet size has better efficiency. Mist eliminator is required to prevent excessive carry over of droplets with the clean gas. Furthermore. The experiment was performed to determine the effect of droplet size upon separation efficiency of the spray chamber unit by using different nozzle. Spray chamber scrubbers consist of empty cylindrical chambers in which the gas stream is contacted with liquid droplets generated by spray nozzles. The droplets size from the nozzle can be controlled to optimize particle contact. pressure gauge and regulator. The resulting spray droplets impact with the particle matters. Five different spray nozzles have been installed inside the chamber to produce five different droplet sizes. . a feed container with a valve. water pump. an air blower. which are larger than 10µm. The water re-circulation tank consists of a water tank. an outlet dust filter and air flow meter with control valve. The different droplet sizes are for the separation process of dust.

the appropriate control valve was adjusted so that the nozzle pressure. 1.1 PROCEDURE Below is the procedure to run the experiment. 2. the valve V9 was adjusted to maintain this water height.3. was set according to Table 1. PT1. . The nozzle water flow rate was recorded either flow meter FM1 or FM2 depending on the nozzle to be tested (Table 1) 5. the isolation valve as outlined in Table 1 below was opened. Then. Valve V9 was closed. Depending on the nozzle to be tested.0 OBJECTIVES - To determine the effect of droplet size upon separation efficiency of the spray chamber unit by using different nozzle o Different nozzles were used to determine the efficiency. The water level inside the spray chamber was increased until it reached the desired level indicated by the line on the chamber. 4. Once so. The Centrifugal Pump. (µm) 520 290 130 1000 190 V1 V2 V3 V4 V5 Flow meter PT1 2 bar 2 bar 5 bar 2 bar 2 bar Control Valve FM1 FM2 FM2 FM1 FM2 CV1 CV2 CV2 CV1 CV2 4. Table 1: Operation Guide for AP03 Spray Chamber System Nozzle N1 N2 N3 N4 N5 Particle Isolation Set Size Valve Pressure.0 METHODOLOGY 4. 3. Ensure that all valves are initially closed except valve V9 to be initially opened. P1 was switched on.

7. Then the dust was collected on a suitable oven tray. V11 fully closed. 11. The excess water was drained. 9. 13. 12. wait two minutes to ensure all dust has cleared from the pipeline then the centrifugal water pump P1 and Centrifugal Air Blower was switched off.0 RESULTS Experiment 1 . Then. The air blower speed controller was set to its minimum. 5. The bucket was taken out carefully.6. 10. The blower was switched on. After all the sand had been delivered into the air stream. Valve V9 was slowly opened to let the dust-laden water in the spray chamber flow down by gravity to dust collecting bucket. The efficiency was calculated. 8. the air blower speed controller was gradually adjusted so that the blower frequency is set to 20. The collected sample was weighted and the final weight was recorded. 1 kg of sample (300µm sand) was poured into the feed vessel with the feed control valve. The wet sample was heat up in an oven at 200ºC for 2 hours until the sample becomes sufficiently dry. control valve V11 was opened slightly so that the sample flow down steadily. Then.0Hz. The dust was let to settle down in the bucket (approximately 5 minutes) once all water has flowed down from the chamber.

290µm ( Nozzle 2.06m/s Set Pressure. PT1 (Bar) Air blower speed (Hz) Weight of sample loaded (g) 2 20 1000g .07m/s Set Pressure. N3) Flow rate: 0. PT1 (Bar) Air blower speed (Hz) Weight of sample loaded (g) Weight of sample collected (g) Collection efficiency. N2) Flow rate: 0.7% b) Nozzle size .a) Nozzle size .130µm (Nozzle 3. η (%) 5 20 1000g 657g 65. PT1 (Bar) Air blower speed (Hz) Weight of sample loaded (g) Weight of sample collected (g) Collection efficiency. N5) Flow rate: 0.4% c) Nozzle size . η (%) 2 20 1000g 724g 72.190µm ( Nozzle 5.08m/s Set Pressure.

58m/s Set Pressure.1% d) Nozzle size . The highest efficiency of the nozzle used is obtained by nozzle 4 which have the smallest droplets.0 DISCUSSION The experiment is aimed to determine the effect of droplet size upon separation efficiency of the spray chamber unit by using different nozzle.520µm ( Nozzle 1. PT1 (Bar) Air blower speed (Hz) Weight of sample loaded (g) Weight of sample collected (g) Collection efficiency.89m/s Set Pressure.Weight of sample collected (g) Collection efficiency. η (%) 2 20 1000g 987g 98. η (%) 951g 95. N1) Flow rate: 5.7% of efficiency. PT1 (Bar) Air blower speed (Hz) Weight of sample loaded (g) Weight of sample collected (g) Collection efficiency. the lowest efficiency is obtained with nozzle 3 with 65.1000µm ( Nozzle 4. η (%) 2 20 1000g 975g 97. 1000µm. N4) Flow rate: 11. There are five types of nozzles inside the chamber to produce five different droplet sizes. 6.7% The result obtained from the experiment is increasing in term of the efficiency by the size of nozzle used. .5% e) Nozzle size .

Note that the water level in the chamber need to be maintained at a secure level by control the opening of valve V9. the frequency is made to constant at 20 Hz. However. Note that. William L Heumann. However. Each and every nozzle has different value of flowrate. As mentioned in discussion section. some problems occur while running the experiment. resulted better efficiency and biggest size droplet which is 130 µm is less efficient. 8. the sample use is sand with 300 microns in diameter. 7. better efficiency of the collected particle/pollutant. the better collection can be obtained. The smaller droplets have maximum surface area and increase the opportunity to pollutant to make contact with the water. The collected sand from the filter is not wholly weight as some of the sand remains on the filter. In addition. .0 CONCLUSION From the experiment. “Industrial Air Pollution Control System”. 1997. The frequency of the blower is maintained at 20 Hz. Mc Graw Hill. the smaller droplet has maximum surface area so that the particle is easily contacted with water and be collected. From the data obtained. New York. The flowrate of the water works with the size of nozzle used. it shows that smaller size droplet. the flowrate also influence the efficiency of the spray chamber collection. The smaller size nozzle produced smaller sized droplets.0 REFERENCE 1. the higher.In experiment 1. it can be concluded that smaller droplet size. there are sand losses after the drying process which has affected the final weight reading.