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PCI Design Handbook

Precast and Prestressed Concrete


7th Edition

Design of Precast and Prestressed Concrete Components

CHAPTER 5

5.2 Flexure
18.8.2 of ACI 318M-08:

Bending of Asymmetrical Sections


M X ' M X cos MY sin

MY ' MY cos M X sin

5.3 Shear
Axial compression improves shear capacity
Under Axial tension, Vc = 0 ( 11.2.1.3)
Horizontal shear(Fh) composite sections

Vu Vnh

where Vnh is nominal horizontal shear strength

Total force in topping


Compression due to sagging
Tension due to hogging

Contd.

Contd.

5.3 Shear Shear Friction


11.6 of ACI 318M-08
An existing or potential crack
Interface between dissimilar materials or
Interface between Concrete cast at different times
Vu
Avf
f y

where is coeff. of friction

Contd.

5.4 Torsion
Low fixity compared to cast-in-situ members
Based on the Zia and McGee Proceedures
11.6.7 of ACI 318-05 : when d/b > 3

Cntd.

Cntd.

5.4 Torsion - Design

1. Determine Vu and Tu at critical section


2. If Tu Tu(min) Neglect torsion
Vu
T
u
3. Ensure: Tn (max)
and Vn (max)

(Avoid: potential compression failure due to over-reinforcing)

4. Calculate shear and torsion carried by


concrete Tc and Vc
5. Stirrups for Tu - Tc & min. web reinforcement
for ductility
6. Provide longitudinal reinforcement for
diagonal tension due to torsion

5.5 Beams with Ledges (eg: L beams)

Shear strength of Ledge: Refer PCI handbook


Transverse (Cantilever) Bending of Ledge
Longitudinal Bending of Ledge
Attachment of Ledge to Web
Out-of-Plane Bending near Beam End
Pocketed Spandrels
Refer PCI Handbook (Important)

Cntd.

5.6 Bearing
On Plain Concrete: when Vu (0.85 fc A1)
On RC: when Vu > Vn
Additional hooks

5.6.3 Dapped-End-Bearing
Failure modes