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# SAI VIDYA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY

## DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

SUBJECT PLAN
Cover Page: Subject Overview
Semester: III Semester

Year: 2015

## Subject Title: Basic Thermodynamics

Subject Code: 10ME33
Total contact Hours: 52
Duration of Exam: 03 Hrs.
Total exam marks: 100
Total I.A. marks: 25
Lesson plan author: Ravichandra Koti
Date: 19-07-2015
Checked by: Dr. Narasimhamurthy K
Learning Objectives:
The students will be able to
1. Explain energy conservations and 1st law of thermodynamics
2. Demonstrate the importance of the energy conservation from the heat into work
3. Differentiate between different types of work
4. List the importance and consequents of 2nd law of thermodynamics
5. Explain whats perpetual motion I and II kind
6. Show different thermodynamic process and their directions
7. Demonstrate Carnot cycle and Carnot theorem
8. Explain concept of Entropy and its principal
9. Show how to calculate change in entropy , work and heat transfer for a given process
10. Explain what is irreversibility and available energy
11. Explain why and how energy become degraded with increased entropy
12. Explain concepts of pure substance and its different states
13. Define enthalpy, Change in enthalpy and quality of steam
14. Draw various process on Enthalpy-Entropy diagrams
15. Sketch and explain different methods of measurements of dryness fraction
16. Classify real and ideal gases and laws governing their change of state
17. Explain compressibility and compressibility charts
18. Explain concepts of gas mixtures and various laws related to gas mixtures
Learning Outcomes:
The student should be
1. Differentiate high and low grade energy
2. Demonstrate energy is always conserved and can be converted into different forms
3. Explain concept of work, heat and internal energy changes for given process
4. Mention limitation of 1st law thermodynamics
5. State two statements of 2nd law of thermodynamics
6. Show why heat cannot be completely converted into work
7. State whether a process can occur in certain direction spontaneously or not
8. Describe why a process cant be reversible and reason for irreversibility
9. Explain the role of entropy in energy conversion
10. Explain maximum energy and useful energy
11. Differentiate pure , real and ideal gases
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## DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

12. Pot different state point , critical ,triple point and different state like solid liquid and vapour
13. Describe how quality of steam is measured and how to use steam table
14. Define critical properties of an ideal gas and compressibility
15. Make use of compressibility charts
16. State Daltons law of additive pressures and Amagats law of additive volumes.
Materials and resources required:
1) Presentation: Black board, Teaching charts, Models. / OHP/ LCD presentations
2) Text book:
i.
ii.

## Basic and Applied Thermodynamics by P K nag , tata McGraw hill pub.co.,2002.

Fundamental of Classical Thermodynamics by G J Van Wylen and R E Sonntag, Wiley
eastern.
Basic engineering thermodynamics , A Venkatesh , University Press.2008

iii.

3) Reference Book:
i.
ii.

## Engineering Thermodynamics By R K Rajput , Laxi Publication pvt ltd, 3rd

edition. 2007
thermodynamics By S. C. Guptha, Person Edu.pvt .Ltd,Ist Ed 2005

Scheme of Examination
One full question to be set from each unit. Students have to answer any Five
full questions out of eight questions, choosing at least two questions from
Part A and two questions from Part B.
Evaluation:
1. Student Assessment: Through assignments.
2. I.A marks: Through Internal Assessment Tests

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## DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

SL
NO

TOPICS TO BE COVERED

DATE

REMARKS

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## quasi-static process, cyclic and non-cyclic processes;

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Thermodynamic equilibrium; definition, mechanical equilibrium; diathermicwall, thermal equilibrium, chemical equilibrium, Zeroth law of thermodynamics,

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UNIT II

07

08

## Thermodynamic definition of work; examples, sign convention. Displacement

work; as a part of a system boundary, as a whole of a system boundary,

09

10

11

12

## Heat; definition, units and sign convention.

13

UNIT III
FIRST LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS
Joules experiments, equivalence of heat and work.

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Statement of the First law of thermodynamics, extension of the First law to non cyclic processes,

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16

## pure substance; definition, two-property rule, Specific heat at constant volume,

enthalpy,

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18

19

20 MARKS

03

Specific heat at constant pressure. Extension of the First law to control volume;
Analysis of unsteady processes such as film and evacuation of vessels with and
without heat transfer.
UNIT IV SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS
Devices converting heat to work; (a) in a thermodynamic cycle, (b) in a
mechanical cycle.

20 MARKS

02

## Thermodynamics definition and scope, Microscopic and Macroscopic

approaches. Some practical applications of engineering thermodynamic Systems,
Characteristics of system boundary and control surface, examples.
Thermodynamic properties; definition and units, intensive and extensive
properties.

20 MARKS

01

20

UNIT I

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## Entropy; definition, a property, change of entropy,

Principle of increase in entropy, entropy as a quantitative test for irreversibility,
Calculation of entropy using Tds relations, entropy as a coordinate.

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## Available and unavailable energy.

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UNIT VI
PURE SUBSTANCES
P-T and P-V diagrams, triple point and critical points.

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## Sub-cooled liquid, saturated liquid, mixture of saturated liquid and vapour,

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Saturated vapour and superheated vapour states of pure substance with water as
example.

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## UNIT VII THERMODYNAMIC RELATIONS

Maxwell relation, Clausius, Clayperon's equation.
Ideal gas; equation of state, internal energy
and enthalpy as functions of temperature only,
Universal and particular gas constants, specific heats, perfect and semi-perfect
gases.

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## Thermal reservoir. Direct heat engine; schematic representation and efficiency.

Devices converting work to heat in a thermodynamic cycle; reversed heat engine,
schematic representation, coefficients of performance.
Kelvin - Planck statement of the Second law of Thermodynamics; PMM I and
PMM II,
Clausius statement of Second law of Thermodynamics, Equivalence of the two
statements;
Reversible and irreversible processes; Factors that make a process irreversible,
reversible heat engines,
Carnot cycle, Carnot principles.
UNIT V ENTROPY
Clausius inequality; Statement, proof, application to a reversible cycle.

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20

MARKS

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## Evaluation of heat, work, change in internal energy.

Enthalpy in various quasi-static processes and

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## Entropy in various quasi-static processes.

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UNIT VIII
IDEAL & GAS MIXTURE
Ideal gas mixture; Dalton's laws of partial pressures,
Amagat's law of additive volumes, evaluation of properties,
Analysis of various processes.
Real Gases: Introduction. Van-der Waal's Equation of state,
Van-der Waal's constants in terms of critical properties,
Law of corresponding states
Law of corresponding states continued
Compressibility factor; compressibility chart.
CLOSURE

Ravichandra Koti
(STAFF)

Dr. Narasimhamurthy K
(H.O.D)

20 MARKS

42
43

RKS MA

(PRINCIPAL)

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