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List of parasitic organisms

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is an incomplete list of organisms that are true parasites upon other organisms. For more information on this
topic, see main article: Parasitism. For information on parasitoids, see main article:Parasitoid.

(endo = within; parasites that live inside their hosts)





These can be categorized into three groups; cestodes, nematodes and trematodes. Examples include:


Ascariasis (roundworms)

Cestoda (tapeworms) including: Taenia saginata (human beef tapeworm), Taenia solium (human pork
tapeworm), Diphyllobothrium latum (fish tapeworm) and Echinococcosis (hydatid tapeworm)

Clonorchis sinensis (the Chinese liver fluke)

Dracunculus medinensis (Guinea Worm)

Enterobius vermicularis (pinworm)



Loa loa

Onchocerciasis (river blindness)


Strongyloides stercoralis

a worm to receive blood from humans [edit]Fungi  Ringworm  Gymnosporangium and other rusts  Pyrenophora teres  Cordyceps [edit]Ectoparasites (ecto = outside. Dactylanthus taylorii [edit]Arthropoda Acari (ticks. attached to their skin) [edit]Plants  Broomrape  Cuscuta  Mistletoe  Strangler Fig  Santalum. parasites that live on but not within their hosts. some mites)   Varroa destructor . for example. hemi-parasitic. (Sandalwoods and Quandongs)  Toothwort  The wood rose. Toxocara canis (dog roundworm)  Trichinella  Whipworm  pop soli.

The Masai drain blood from the carotid . Cymothoa exigua  Hippoboscoidea  Tsetse fly  Lipoptena  Sheep Keds and relatives)  Ichneumonoidea (oviparous parasitoid wasps)  Oestridae (bot flies) Human botfly  Phthiraptera (Lice)   Body louse  Crab louse  Head louse  Siphonaptera (Fleas)  Tantulocarida [edit]Annelids  Hirudinea (some leeches) [edit]Vertebrates  Candiru (Vampire fish of Brazil.Humans in certain cultures have adapted behaviors that could be defined as parasitic. The Masai people of Africa make the blood of cattle a part of their diet. really a facultative parasite)  Lampreys  Humans.

artery of the cow. and collect it for use in cooking as a source of protein. although less is known about the benefits of this to the mammal.Although oxpeckers mainly eat other parasites that feed on large mammals. it is suspected that this is also a parasitic behaviour. Oxpeckers also feed on the earwax and dandruffs of mammals. The cow is kept alive before. meaning that the blood harvesting could be seen as a parasitic behavior.  Oxpeckers. and after the process.  Vampire bat  Vampire Finch . during. Some oxpecker hosts are intolerant of their presence. opeckers have been observed to open new wounds and enhance existing ones in order to drink the blood of their perches. Elephants and some antelope will actively dislodge the oxpeckers when they land.