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What is Kalahi-CIDSS?

Kapit-Bisig Laban sa Kahirapan-Comprehensive and Integrated Delivery of Social Services
(Kalahi-CIDSS)is one of the three projects under the Tatsulo convergence program implemented
by the Department of Social Welfare and Development. It is the Philippine government’s
flagship poverty-alleviation program that uses the Community-Driven Development (CDD)
approach, a strategy that has been proven effective in addressing the needs of the poor.
Kalahi is a national government project for a focused, accelerated, convergent, and expanded
strategy to reduce poverty. It aims to provide interventions on asset reforms, human development
services, capacity building, and participation in governance.
CIDSS is a precursor poverty alleviation program of Kalahi-CIDSS. It has facilitated meeting of
unmet needs of communities. It established community structures as vehicles for people
participation and empowerment.
Kalahi-CIDSS believes in investing not just on projects, but on the people themselves. The
program understands that the poor know who need help the most and that their skills and
potentials could be harnessed to undertake development. As such, it aims to empower the
citizenry so they can have a more active participation in community projects designed to reduce
poverty, from development to implementation and maintenance. At the same time, it also
supports poor LGUs in local development by equipping them with the skills and knowledge
needed to boost the capacity of the barangays and municipalities.
In Kalahi-CIDSS, funds are released directly to the villagers’ Kalahi-CIDSS bank accounts. The
citizenry also manage, monitor and supervise the implementation of sub-projects.
Sub-projects under Kalahi-CIDSS were shown to have been implemented faster and cheaper
compared to traditional implementation of projects in the Philippines (Mid-term Review, 2006).
Kalahi-CIDSS’ built-in transparency mechanisms have nearly attained for the Project a nil record
in graft and corruption. Through a complaints and grievance system, issues pertaining to the
project are addressed expeditiously.

Why is there a need for Kalahi-CIDSS?
 Increasing available resources for development. The annual project investment presents a huge
opportunity for addressing the poverty concern of a municipality. The grant also requires only a
minimum of 30% in equity in cash or in kind contribution.
 Responsive community projects. Kalahi-CIDSS supports projects that address the needs of the
LGU’s constituents.

consultative methods. It builds people’s capacities in development planning. What is the vision of Kalahi-CIDSS? Kalahi-CIDSS sees poverty clearly and understands the obstacles to poverty alleviation. with officials having fewer chances of committing graft. . several municipalities were able to access more grants for development or to have their volunteers manage other LGU-funded projects. Kalahi-CIDSS sets up systems to allow communities who have a greater stake in the development process to collectively and directly take more control of development decisions. Kalahi-CIDSS advocates for community participation in governance. It is a vision of democracy the way it should be – a democracy that does not tolerate poverty. and participatory decision-making powers are mandated. Transactions are regularly publicized. with concrete evidence of success. The CDD technology has been demonstrated to work and has benefited. and management.  Improve local governance by improving people’s engagement with and access to their LGUs. Top What are the goals and objectives of KalahiCIDSS? Kalahi-CIDSS aims to:  Empower communities by treating them not as passive recipients of assistance and services but as partners in development. Improved governance. Kalahi-CIDSS in turn reduces asymmetric information because the principal (community) and the agent (decision maker) are one and the same. Kalahi-CIDSS envisions empowered Filipinos. By leveraging the resources provided by Kalahi-CIDSS. Volunteers from the barangays are trained on organizational and technical skills to participate in project activities and to implement a range of local services for their communities.  Opportunities to scale up. in many municipalities resulting in better governance and improved public satisfaction. Representative bodies. proactively participating in governance. resource allocation. thereby making it more democratic and participatory.  Development of volunteers who become the engines of change in the communities.

People are capacitated so they will become better prepared in managing community issues and problems.  Simple. wherein NGOs. What are the guiding principles of KalahiCIDSS? Kalahi-CIDSS is guided by the principles of LET-CIDSS:  Localized decision-making.  Inclusive and multi-stakeholder. skills. Communities decide on which projects will be implemented. The participating barangays are tasked with submitting a proposal about their chosen projects in the MIBF. participate in the design of their own projects.  Improve core local poverty indicators in project municipalities. The community will then evaluate these proposals and identify which of these will be prioritized for funding.  Community prioritization. and make decisions on how resources are used. implementation. media.  Transparent. . from the creation of the proposal to the implementation and management of the project. and confidence to participate collectively in local governance activities in project municipalities. Everyone in the barangay is involved in every step of the process of project implementation. as well as in the planning.  Empowering. A multi-level monitoring system is followed. Communities are encouraged to prioritize their own needs.  Demand-driven. All procedures and components of the project are kept simple to enable all stakeholders to easily and understand and become fully involved in the Project. Reduce poverty by implementing barangay-level projects that respond to the communities’ felt needs and problems. mobilization.  Improve the attendance of members from marginalized groups in barangay assemblies. and other groups are encouraged to do independent monitoring of Kalahi-CIDSS.  Increase percentages of households that report an increase in knowledge. The Project is expected to achieve the following benefits for communities:  Better access to basic services. and resource management of their projects.

All barangay projects will have viable long-term plans for operations and maintenance and sustainability.  Focus of facilitation effort. Direct from DSWD-Central Office Special Account to the accounts of the community. NGOs. What are the main features of KalahiCIDSS?  Coverage. Basically an open menu with emphasis on small-scale community projects. and implementation support (CBIS). Kalahi-CIDSS deploys facilitators and technical staff to mobilize local communities. and municipalities on Kalahi-CIDSS. The project conducts . Mainstreamed “National Project Management Team” (NPMT) staffed by DSWD organic staff with technical support from contracted specialists. Target municipalities include previously covered Kalahi-CIDSS areas and new candidates.  Monitoring and evaluation. the project promotes transparency and encourages community monitoring and external monitoring by independent groups. Up to a maximum 50% of municipalities in a target province. barangays. Sustainable.  Implementing mechanism.  Grievance redress mechanism. and the media.  Allowable community projects. and request for information from individuals. disallowed activities are specified in a negative list. Emphasis given on the representation of the poorest of the poor and disadvantaged groups. A grievance team is established to look into complaints. grievances. capacity building. All barangays in a municipality are covered. In addition to DSWD internal monitoring.  Fund release mechanism. What are the project components of KalahiCIDSS? Kalahi-CIDSS project interventions are identified as:  Social preparation.

and external M&E by consultants. Municipalities and barangays covered by Kalahi-CIDSS receive several packages of project interventions. and the media. and outputs by the project management. opportunity to access project funding for community-proposed projects and activities addressing local poverty reduction needs. prioritization. How effective is Kalahi-CIDSS? Impact evaluation studies made on Kalahi-CIDSS have shown that the project has produced several benefits. Kalahi-CIDSS provides grants for community development projects and the necessary training and tools for the community themselves to audit.  Monitoring and evaluation. civil society members. applying a bottom-up transparent and socially inclusive process. planning. and operation and maintenance of community projects and activities. This component provides for continuous learning and adjustment of the project’s implementation approaches. civil society organizations. proposal-making.  Provision of seed funds. process. implementation. funders. Each barangay presents project proposals and will decide with other barangays on which proposals will be funded. and supervising sub-projects. participatory identification. including: • Improved household access to local public services • Increase in household income • Community empowerment • Households better positioned for sustainable poverty reduction • Better connection between the community and the local government. These include social preparation assistance for members of barangay assemblies and development councils and volunteers of community project structures. managing. sessions and workshops to strengthen the capacity of local communities and LGUs in initiating. The allocated grants proportionally depend on the number of barangays in the municipality. Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) involves participatory monitoring by communities based on self-defined indicators. improvement of community leadership and organizational capabilities and responsiveness to local governments and promotion of convergence of response with other development partners such as LGUs. and account for financial expenditures relating to project implementation. implementing. internal M&E of inputs. seen in: • Increased trust of community members in government officials • Increased willingness of people to participate in community activities . record. and donors to help communities implement their priorities.

Among these are: • World Bank: Top 5 best practices in project design among 200 selected projects worldwide (Quality Assurance Group. These include water systems. Good Practice Award from NEDA under the Category of Strategies in Achieving Desired Sector Outcomes (2010). These include flood control systems. Vietnam. . Best Public Sector Project. These include pre. school buildings. as awarded by the Regional Council of Western Visayas (2006) What are the types of projects supported and funded by Kalahi-CIDSS? W Kalahi-CIDSS follows an open menu system wherein barangays themselves identify what projects they want to implement.and post-harvest facilities.  Environmental protection and conservation. as rated by 92 non-government and people’s organizations.  Basic access infrastructure. artificial reef sanctuaries.Has Kalahi-CIDSS received any recognitions? Since 2003. because of the Project’s engagement with civil society organizations (2005) • Government agencies: Presidential Citation for the Project’s Outstanding Contribution to Poverty Alleviation (2010). as well as small-scale irrigation systems. 2003) • Asian countries: Learning laboratory on poverty reduction with government officials from Indonesia. and electrification. health centers. These include bridges and access roads. Mongolia and Nepal conducting study tours to Kalahi-CIDSS municipalities. economic support. sea walls. and soil protection.  Community production.  Skills training and capability building. • Civil Society: Perfect scorecard. These usually fall under the following types:  Basic social services sub-projects. These include eco-tourism projects. and common services facilities. Kalahi-CIDSS has received several recognitions due to its unique approach in poverty alleviation.

 Activities that have alternative prior sources of committed funding.  Activities that employ children below the age of 16 years. in which proposed projects falling under any one of these will not receive funding from the Project. and other potentially dangerous materials and equipment. explosives.  Fishing boats beyond the weight limit set by the Philippine Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources and related equipment.  Purchase of or compensation for land. pesticides.  Consumption items. Kalahi-CIDSS also has a negative list.  Civil works that are in or affect protected areas.  Activities that exploit an individual or individuals.  Civil works for government administration or religious purposes. asbestos.However. herbicides.  International travel. The categories under the negative list are:  Weapons. including salaries. insecticides.  Micro-credit and livelihood activities which involve on-lending of project funds. chainsaws.  Political and religious activities (including rallies) and facilities and materials related to such activities.  Maintenance and operation of facilities that have been the subject of civil works financed by proceeds from Kalahi-CIDSS.  Recurrent government expenditures. .

after completion. and Planning Stage. Barangay volunteers are trained to design and package community project proposals that address their needs. The Inter-Barangay Forum selects which barangay proposals will be funded by Kalahi-CIDSS using criteria they themselves developed.  Social Preparation Stage. operate and maintain the projects.  Implementation SP and O&M.  Project Identification. Selection. Barangays with approved proposals implement their community projects and.How is Kalahi-CIDSS implemented? Kalahi-CIDSS follows the Community Empowerment Activity Cycle.  Project Approval Stage. as well as to formulate an action plan to address these concerns. . Communities are mobilized to identify their problems and needs.

NCIP. OPAPP. DepEd. and Millennium Challenge Account-Philippines (MCA-P). as lead agency. where another set of community projects will be funded. The National and Regional Project Management Team The DSWD. NEDA. Who implements Kalahi-CIDSS? The National Steering Committee. Transition. The National Steering Committee It is chaired by the DSWD Secretary and co-chaired by the National Anti-Poverty Commission (NAPC) Lead Convenor. DOH. DOF. The members of the steering committee include NGO representatives nominated by the NAPC. Municipalities. and Barangays. and the Regional Project Management Teams as well as representatives from the municipal and barangay levels all have roles in the implementation of Kalahi-CIDSS. assigns organic staff as part of the National and Regional Project Management Teams. World Bank. Communities reflect on and evaluate the processes in the preceding stages before entering another cycle. DILG. DBM. and the Leagues of Provinces. the National Project Management Team. Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC). .

Under the Barangay Assembly is the Barangay Development Council (BDC). In a municipality. Other observers in the forum come from the local legislative body. regional representatives of national government agencies. with the Barangay Captain as one among the three. non-government organizations operating in the municipality and cooperating with the project. The Barangay Structure At the barangay level. DSWD deploys one Area Coordinator. one Deputy Coordinator who is an engineer. the Barangay Assembly is the final decision-maker in Project implementation. and a Community Facilitator for every five barangays who will assist in community mobilization and link barangay projects to LGUs and local institutions for funds and technical assistance. local government unit department heads. local media groups. and universities in the locality participating in the project. The Municipal Forum is composed of three representatives from each participating barangay.The Municipal Structure The Mayor or representative officially opens the Kalahi-CIDSS Inter-Barangay Meeting/Forum. . It oversees the work of the committees involved in Kalahi-CIDSS. Only the barangay representatives are entitled to vote during the forum.

and accountability in local decision-making .g. logistical support. cost sharing and technical assistance) Supports the integration of CDD principles of people’s participation.) Participates in local monitoring Assists in the operation and maintenance of the sub-projects Commits to integrate CDD principles of people participation. engineering. transparency. and accountability in local decision-making Municipal LGU       Provides counterpart contribution (in cash or in kind).What are the roles of the Local Government in Kalahi-CIDSS? Provincial LGU    Observes the selection of municipalities Provides complementary support to barangay sub-projects (e. transparency. etc. and counterpart staff Convenes municipal inter-barangay forum and local inter-agency committees Provides technical assistance to barangays (planning. agricultural inputs.