15/01/14

Balanced-Unbalanced Converter For Audio Work | DIY Electronics Projects

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Balanced-Unbalanced Converter For Audio
Work

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If you work in the professional audio field, you need to use balanced lines for long signal runs to prevent hum and
noise pick-up. This Balanced/Unbalanced Converter is really two projects in one. It can convert an unbalanced
input to balanced outputs and vice versa.
Specifications:

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Signal to noise ratio: -100dB with respect to 1V output, 4.7kW input load.
Frequency response: -3dB at 2Hz and 200kHz.
Total harmonic distortion: less than .001% from 20Hz to 20kHz with a 1V input.
Signal handling: supply dependent; requires 30VDC or ±15V for 9V RMS signal handling.

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Professional audio gear invariably has balanced inputs and outputs. However, what if you want to connect
standard audio equipment that has unbalanced outputs to equipment that has balanced inputs? Alternatively, what

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if you want to connect a balanced output signal to an unbalanced input? Either way this Balanced/Unbalanced
Converter project can do the job.
The reason professional audio equipment utilises balanced inputs and outputs is quite simple. It’s done so that
audio connections can be made over quite long distances without adding extra noise to the signal. These balanced

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connections use 3-pin XLR plugs and sockets and screened twin-core cable.
Block diagram:
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The Handmade Docking
Block diagram shows the basic arrangement. Basically, the audio output signal is coupled to two separate

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amplifiers and these drive the two signal leads in the cable in anti-phase (ie, the signals have opposite phases). In

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this case, Amplifier 1 has an output signal that’s in phase with the input, while Amplifier 2 has an output that’s
www.diyelectronicsprojects.com/2012/12/balanced-unbalanced-converter-for-audio.html

1/4

So in this case. However. one core does not carry any signal but is grounded instead. Telephone Line Based Audio Circuit looks like: Muting and Light The output impedance of each amplifier is the same and the twin-core cable carries the signal to the equipment at the other end. this also removes most of the noise and hum that was picked up in the leads.15/01/14 Balanced-Unbalanced Converter For Audio Work | DIY Electronics Projects opposite in phase with the input. At the same time. because the cores in the cable are close together.com/2012/12/balanced-unbalanced-converter-for-audio. in some cheaper balanced line drivers.diyelectronicsprojects. Parts layout: At the receiving end. However. since the same noise signal is present in both.html 2/4 . In operation. Amplifier 2 is left out and the left hand side of resistor R2 is grounded. Circuit diagram: www. there will be some noise and hum pickup over the length of the cable even though the cable is shielded. any signal that is picked up will be common to both. the signal in each of the two cores is subtracted to produce the original audio signal.

15/01/14 Balanced-Unbalanced Converter For Audio Work | DIY Electronics Projects Balanced-Unbalanced Converter For Audio Work Circuit Diagram If one of the cores is grounded. cartridges and styli too! Input Impedance Booster II General Purpose Oscillator Turtle Beach Anounces iSeries Media Headsets. Touch-Select Audio Source 10W Audio Amplifier With Bass-Boost Regence Audio USB Powered Audio Power Amplifier Divisor/Combinador de RF Stepped Volume Control Notebook Acer Aspire Sounds From The Old West Low Cost Tube Amp Kits Oscillation Monitor Filmes Completos Netflix Mini Audio Signal Generator Odontopós Secadora de Roupas Trava de Segurança Silenciosa Solaris www. we stock 16 models. then the signal level after subtraction Like I DIY Stuff will be the same as the signal in the main core.com/2012/12/balanced-unbalanced-converter-for-audio. as in the1.diyelectronicsprojects.com for 110-240VAC.8k cheaper type of balanced driver. MM and MC Phono Preamps www. the subtraction process produces an audio signal level that’s twice the level in the individual cores. if anti-phase signals are applied to both cores. Alternatively.html 3/4 .phonopreamps.

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