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Code No: T0823/R07

**II B.Tech II Semester Supplementary Examinations, November 2010
**

CHEMICAL ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS-I

(Chemical Engineering)

Time: 3 hours

Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

?????

1. The emf in a thermocouple with the test junction at t 0 C. On gas thermometer

scale and reference junction at ice point is given by,

∈ = 0.20 t-5 × 10−4 t2 mV.

The millivoltmeter is calibrated at ice and steam points. What will this thermometer read in a place, where gas thermometer reads 700 C?

[16]

2. One mole of an ideal gas at 0.5 MPa (γ =1.4) and 305 K (state 1) is heated at

constant pressure till the volume is doubled (state 2), and then it is allowed to

expand reversibly and adiabatically till the temperature is reduced to 305 K (state

3). Calculate the heat and work interaction. If it is desired to restore the system

from state 3 to its original state by a reversible isothermal path, determine the

amount of work to the done on the system.

[16]

3. (a) What is critical point? Define critical temperature and critical pressure.

(b) What are real gases? Do you expect real gases to obey ideal gas law. Give

suitable explanation.

[8+8]

4. Write short notes on any two:

(a) Compressors,

(b) Pumps,

(c) Turbines.

[16]

**5. (a) Differentiate between reversible and irreversible change.
**

(b) A Carnot engine absorbs 1100 kJ energy as heat from a reservoir at 500K and

rejects energy to a sink at 305 K. Determine the efficiency of the engine and

energy rejected to the sink.

[8+8]

6. One kg of water at 273 K is brought into contact with a heat reservoir at 373 K.

When the water has reached 373 K, find the entropy change of the water, of the

reservoir, and of the universe. Specific heat of water is 4.187 kJ kg−1 K−1 .

[16]

7. A refrigeration plant produces 0.135 kg/s of the ice at -40 C from water at 290 C. If

the power required to drive the plant is 24kW, determine the capacity of the ice

plant in tones and the actual COP. Cp of ice is 2.1 kJ kg−1 K−1 .

[16]

8. Discuss in brief generalized correlation of thermodynamic properties for gass. [16]

?????

1 of 1

Determine the size of the tank using the following laws: (a) Ideal gas law (b) Van der Waals equation. It is desired to design a tank to store 10 k-mol methane at 6. (a) Define refrigeration. ∈ = 0. One gram mol of nitrogen behaving as an ideal gas undergoes an irreversible isothermal compression from 1 to 8 atm at 1250 C in a piston cylinder assembly. which are commonly used. The millivoltmeter is calibrated at ice and steam points what will this thermometer [16] read in a place. (a) Present the four Maxwell relations. What is the least rate of heat rejection per kW net output of the engine? [6+10] 6.20t-5 × 10−4 t2 mV. The heat removed from the gas as a result of compression process is absorbed by heat sink maintained at a temperature of 240 C. what is the work required and what are the properties of the discharge stream? [16] 5. Calculate ∆S of the gas. [8+8] 3. November 2010 CHEMICAL ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS-I (Chemical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ????? 1.Set No.0427m3 /kmol. [6+10] 4. 2 Code No: T0823/R07 II B. 1 of 2 [8+8] .Tech II Semester Supplementary Examinations. If the compressor efficiency is 76 percent. (b) A cyclic heat engine operates between a source temperature of 7600 C and a sink temperature of 260 C. where the gas thermometer reads 500 C? 2. What is 1 ton of refrigeration? (b) What is refrigeration cycle? [8+8] 8.0 MPa and 300 K. (a) Give two statements of the second law of thermodynamics. ∆S of the reservoir and ∆ Stotal . The emf in a thermocouple with the test junction at t 0 C on gas thermometer scale and reference junction at ice point is given by. Saturated vapour steam at 100 kPa (tsat = 99. (b) State the energy minimum principle.630 C) is compressed adiabatically to 305 kPa. The Van der Waals constants are a = 228. The irreversible process is 80% efficient as compared to reversible process. [16] 7.5 kPa m3 Kmol 2 and b = 0. (a) What is the necessity of classifying point and path functions? (b) What is heat? Is it a path function? Explain.

2 Code No: T0823/R07 ????? 2 of 2 .Set No.

Determine the size of the tank using the Red lich . Nitrogen may be treated as an ideal gas. What is the least rate of heat rejection per kW net output of the engine? [6+10] 6. November 2010 CHEMICAL ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS-I (Chemical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ????? 1.3 = constant. (a) What is Carnot principle? (b) A cyclic heat engine operates between a source temperature of 7500 C and a sink temperature of 280 C. If the compression process can be approximated as P ϑˆ1.6 MPa. 3 Code No: T0823/R07 II B.1 kJ kg−1 K−1 . One mol nitrogen (Υ=1. [6+10] 2.4) at 105 kPa and 305 K is compressed to a pressure of 1. [16] 3. The critical constants of methane are Pc = 4. Cp of ice is 2.4) at 0. It is desired to design a tank to store 12k mol methane at 5. [16] ????? 1 of 1 .5 MPa and 600 K. [16] 7. Suppose one kmol of an ideal gas is available at 1MPa and at ambient temperature of 302K. [16] 5. calculate the maximum work that can be obtained from the gas. (b) A car of 1000 kg mass is moving with a speed of 90 km/h on a road.60 MPa and Tc = 190. Determine the change in the entropy of nitrogen. Make simplifying assumptions.139 kg/s of the ice at-50 C from water at 300 C.Tech II Semester Supplementary Examinations. which is 100 m above the sea level.4) at 0.1 MPa and 300 K has been subjected to a series of processes as a result of which it reached the state P=0. If the gas is allowed to expand to 0.1 MPa and 300K enters an adiabatic compressor at the rate of 1mol/s and leaves at 750K. Calculate the power consumed by the compressor. [16] 8. [16] 4. determine the capacity of the ice plant in tones and the actual COP.9 MPa and 302K. determine the work done on the gas and the energy transferred as heat. A refrigeration plant produces 0. Calculate the kinetic energy and potential energy of the car. An ideal gas ( γ =1. while in contact with the ambient atmosphere and the final temperature of the gas is same as the ambient temperature. If the power required to drive the plant is 22kW. (a) Discuss in brief heat and work.6K.12 MPa.Kwong equation of state. One mol of an ideal gas (γ =1.Set No.

1 kJ kg−1 K−1 . (b) What are the units of the Van der Waals constants a and b. Cp of ice is 2. One mole of an ideal gas ( γ =1. [16] 5. Determine the ratio of energy rejected by both the devices to the ambient atmosphere to the energy absorbed by the engine from the reservoir at 600K. [10+6] 4. Calculate the heat and work interactions. (b) The fundamental relation of a particular thermodynamic system is given by [16] S=(KUVN)1/3 . (a) Name the two conditions. ????? 1 of 1 . is mixed with 0. determine the amount of work to the done on the system. Calculate the entropy change when m kg of a fluid at temperature T1 . [16] 8. A reversible engine operating between a reservoir at 600K and the ambient atmosphere at 300K drives a refrigerator operating between 240K and the ambient atmosphere. 4 Code No: T0823/R07 II B. [16] 7. which every equation of state should satisfy. Discuss the conservation of energy for flow processes and derive suitable equations.135 kg/s of the ice at -40 C from water at 290 C. November 2010 CHEMICAL ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS-I (Chemical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ????? 1. and then it is allowed to expand reversibly and adiabatically till the temperature is reduced to 303 K (state 3). The pressure of gas in a pipe line is measured with a mercury manometer having one limb open to the atmosphere. and the density of mercury is 13. If the power required to drive the plant is 24kW.Tech II Semester Supplementary Examinations. If it is desired to restore the system from state 3 to its original state by a reversible isothermal path. determine the capacity of the ice plant in tones and the actual COP. the acceleration due to gravity is 9. [16] 3. The specific heat capacity of the fluid is C.8m kg of same fluid at temperature T2 .6 MPa and 303 K (state 1) is heated at constant pressure till the volume is doubled (state 2).79 m/s2 .Set No. [16] 6. calculate the gas pressure. (a) Define CP and Cϑ in terms of partial derivatives of entropy. If the difference in the height of mercury in the two limbs is 540mm. A refrigeration plant produces 0.640kg/m3 . Obtain equation of state of the system. The barometer reads 760mm Hg.4) at 0. [16] 2.

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