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Code No: R05220802

**II B.Tech II Semester Regular Examinations, Apr/May 2007
**

CHEMICAL ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS-I

(Chemical Engineering)

Time: 3 hours

Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1. (a) Discuss Bourdon gauge for pressure measurement.

(b) The pressure of a gas in a pipe line is measured with a mercury manometer

having one limb open to the atmosphere. If the difference in the height of

mercury in two limbs is 576 mm, calculate the gas pressure. The barometer

reads 760 mm Hg, the acceleration due to gravity is 9.79 m/s2 , and the density

of mercury is 13,640 kg/m3 .

[6+10]

2. (a) State various alternative statements of first law of thermodynamics.

(b) Is it possible to prove the laws of thermodynamics? Discuss in brief.

[8+8]

**3. It is desired to design a tank to store 10 k mol methane at 6.0 MPa and 300 K.
**

Determine the size of the tank using the Red-lich-Kwong equation of state. The

critical constants of methane are Pc = 4.60MPa and Tc = 190.6 K.

[16]

4. (a) An ideal gas ( γ =1.4) at 705K and 0.48 MPa enters a reversible and adiabatic

nozzle with negligible velocity and leaves at 0.11MPa. Calculate the exit

velocity of the gas.

(b) Define convergent nozzle.

[12+4]

**5. A reversible heat engine interacts with four reservoirs at 1000K, 600K, 400K and
**

300K. It absorbs 2000 kJ energy as heat from the reservoir at 1000 K, rejects 600

kJ energy as heat to the reservoir at 300 K and delivers 1200 kJ work. Determine

the energy interaction with the other two reservoirs.

[16]

6. An insulated containers has 1 kg super cooled liquid at -120 C. Suppose a negligible

amount of ice is added as a seed to aid solidification, Calculate the mass of water

which solidifies and the change in entropy associated with the process. Cp for water

is 4.2 k J/ kg - K and the latent heat of fusion of water at 00 C is 333.43 kJ/kg.

[16]

7. Suppose a Carnot refrigerator operating between -260 C and 420 C consumes 0.7 kW

power. Determine the rate of energy removal (QL ) from the cold body. If a Carnot

heat pump operating between the same reservoirs is required, which rejects (QH ) to

the high temperature body at the same rate as the carnot refrigerator is extracting

from the cold body (QL ). Calculate the power consumption.

[16]

8. A definite man of mercury is heated from 1 bar 200 C to 440 C under constant volume

conditions. What is the final pressure, if:

β = 0.182 × 10−3 K −1 ;

K = 4.02 × 10−6 (bar)−1

[16]

1 of 2

Set No. 1 Code No: R05220802 ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 2 of 2 .

One mole of an ideal gas at 0. What are astronauts’ mass and weight on the moon. [16] 7. ∆ S of the reservoir and ∆ Stotal . estimate the pressure of the gas using Red lich-Kwong equation of state. Apr/May 2007 CHEMICAL ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS-I (Chemical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. A definite mass of mercury is heated from 1 bar and 200 C to 420 C under constant volume conditions. (b) An astronaut weighs 700 N in Houston. (b) Discuss how limitations of first law disappear in second law of thermodynamics. The heat removed from the gas as a result of compression process is absorbed by heat sink maintained at a temperature of 270 C. if both the devices are operating between the reservoirs at -110 C and 410 C. The irreversible process is 83% efficient as compared to reversible process. Make simplifying assumptions. Texas.02 × 10−6 (bar)−1 [16] 1 of 2 . (b) Calculate the COP of a Carnot refrigerator and a Carnot heat pump.3 m3 tank at 300 K.182 × 10−3 K −1 . (a) List few refrigerants. 2 Code No: R05220802 II B. If one kmol of methane is stored in 0. K = 4.Set No.4) at 0.4) and 305 K (state 1) is heated at constant pressure till the volume is doubled (state 2). where g is 1. What is the final pressure.5 MPa (γ =1. determine the amount of work to the done on the system. An ideal gas ( γ =1. if: β = 0. The critical constants of methane are Pc = 4. [6+10] 8. where the local acceleration of gravity is 9.67 ms−2 ? [6+10] 2.792 ms−2 .60MPa and Tc = 190. [16] 3.6 K. [8+8] 6. If it is desired to restore the system from state 3 to its original state by a reversible isothermal path. [16] 5. [16] 4. One gram mol of nitrogen behaving as an ideal gas undergoes an irreversible isothermal compression from 1 to 10 atm at 1270 C in a piston cylinder assembly. Calculate ∆ S of the gas. Calculate the heat and work interaction. calculate the power consumed by the compressor.Tech II Semester Regular Examinations. and then it is allowed to expand reversibly and adiabatically till the temperature is reduced to 305 K (state 3). List alternative statements. (a) Define second law of thermodynamics.1 MPa and 300K enters an adiabatic compressor at the rate of 1mol/s and leaves at 750K. (a) What are various prefixes for SI units.

Set No. 2 Code No: R05220802 ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 2 of 2 .

[16] 8. Saturated vapour steam at 100 kPa (tsat = 99. 3 Code No: R05220802 II B. Assuming no heat losses from the exchanger.Set No. (b) What is the use of classifying properties into intensive and extensive properties? [10+6] 3. Molecular weight.0 MPa and 300 K. volume. The critical constants of methane are Pc = 4. what is the work required and what are the properties of the discharge stream? [16] 5. compute the total change in entropy of the process.60MPa and Tc = 190.50 C. Determine the size of the tank using the Red-lich-Kwong equation of state. where the local acceleration of gravity is 9. Total mass. Whether process is reversible? Specific heats of oil and water may be taken 2512. (b) The fundamental relation of a particular thermodynamic system is given by S=(KUVN)1/3 . Texas. [16] 6. If the compressor efficiency is 75 percent. [16] 4. when water is supplied to it at 240 C at a rate of 0.8 Joules/kg-K respectively. Determine the ratio of energy rejected by both the devices to the ambient atmosphere to the energy absorbed by the engine from the reservoir at 605K. while the power consumed is 220 Watts.Tech II Semester Regular Examinations. A hot oil at the rate of 5300 kg/hr is cooled from 2030 C to 530 C in a heat exchanger by using cooling water entering the heat exchanger at a flow rate of 2530 kg/hr and 220 C. [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1 of 1 . A water cooler supplies chilled water at 6. (a) Define CP and Cϑ in terms of partial derivatives of entropy. (a) What are various prefixes for SI units.630 C) is compressed adiabatically to 300 kPa.792 ms−2 . A reversible engine operating between a reservoir at 605K and the ambient atmosphere at 305 K. It is desired to design a tank to store 10 k mol methane at 6.6 K. drives a refrigerator operating between 245K and the ambient atmosphere. Apr/May 2007 CHEMICAL ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS-I (Chemical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. [16] 7.67 ms−2 ? [6+10] 2.77 litres/min. Density. Obtain equation of state of the system. where g is 1..0 and 4186. Pressure. (b) An astronaut weighs 700 N in Houston. What are astronauts’ mass and weight on the moon. (a) Classify the following into intensive or extensive properties with reasons. Compare the COP of this refrigeration plant with that of the ideal refrigeration cycle for a similar situation.

The store is to the maintained at a temperature of -5. U = 38+ 3.6K. compute the total change in entropy of the process. (c) Turbines. (a) Discuss in brief. The density of mercury is 13. p in kPa and V in cubic metre. 4 Code No: R05220802 II B.60 MPa and Tc = 190. determine the pressure drop.0 × 103 kg/m3 . which absorbs 1530 kJ and 170 kJ energy as heat from reservoirs at 1030K and 302K respectively and rejects 630 kJ energy as heat to a reservoir at 630K.5kW. Where U is in kJ. Apr/May 2007 CHEMICAL ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS-I (Chemical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1.9 MPa and 302K.03m3 to a final state of 400 kPa. [16] 3. 0. A hot oil at the rate of 5500 kg/hr is cooled from 2100 C to 600 C in a heat exchanger by using cooling water entering the heat exchanger at a flow rate of 2600 kg/hr and 250 C.8 Joules/kg-K respectively. A refrigeration plant for a food store operates as a reversed Carnot heat engine cycle. If the heat is transferred from 1 of 2 . It is desired to design a tank to store 12k mol methane at 5. [16] 7. Judge. [16] 4. [16] 5. If the fluid changes from initial state of 170 kPa.Set No. Write short notes on any two: (a) Compressors. Determine the size of the tank using the Red lich . find the direction and magnitude of the work and heat transfer. A fluid is confined in a cylinder by a spring loaded frictionless piston. Assuming no heat losses from the exchanger. The critical constants of methane are Pc = 4. It delivers 1070 kJ work. The internal energy of the fluid is given by the following equation. If the difference of the mercury levels in the two limbs reads 25cm. 0.50 C and the heat transfer from the store to the cycle is at the rate of 5. An inventor claims to have designed a heat engine.0 and 4186. whether the claim is acceptable or not. with no work other than that done on the piston. [6+10] 2.02 pV. so that the pressure in the fluid is a linear function of the volume (p = a+b V). (b) Pumps. Whether process is reversible? Specific heats of oil and water may be taken 2512. how the pressure is measured? (b) A mercury manometer is used to measure the pressure drop of water flowing in a pipe line.Kwong equation of state.Tech II Semester Regular Examinations.6 ×103 kg/m3 and that of water is 1.06m3 . [16] 6.

Calculate the power required to drive the plant. Prove that Cp − Cϑ = −T ∂V ∂T p ∂V T ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 2 of 2 . 4 Code No: R05220802 the cycle to the atmosphere at a temperature of 230 C. [16] 2 ∂P [16] 8.Set No.

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