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In 1521 500 Spanish soldiers arrived at the coast of Mexico. Their better weapons
soon defeated the hordes of natives and by the 13th of August, the same year, the last
Aztec emperor was captured. This marks the start of the Spanish rule In Mexico, or
Nueva España, New Spain, as it was called then. In Mexico there had been other
native nations, who were ruled by the Aztecs. They chose to aid the Spanish against
the Aztecs to defeat them. They thought they would be better off with the Spanish as
leaders. They were completely wrong. After the Spanish captured the Aztecs, three
centuries of oppressing by the Spanish rulers were in front of them. When the Spanish
came to Mexico, there were about 20 million natives there. The Spaniards brought
with them a lot of diseases that were unknown to the natives and after a century of
Spanish rule only one million of them remained alive. The Spanish stratified the
whole society and each ethnic group had different rights and duties. It was like the
Apartheid in South-Africa. The people from Spain were the best and they got high |
roles in the society. they were followed by the ones born in Mexico from Spanish
parents, the Criollos. The people with mixed blood from Spaniards and natives were
next in line, they were called Mestizos. After them the natives, the Indios, came and at
last, the ones w

ith least rights, the Negros, the black slaves from Africa. In 1776,

the United States claimed the independence from Britain and some years later the
revolution in France led to the end of th e monarchy. Influenced by that and by the
Voltaire, Rousseau, and Montesquieu, the revolt had to start soon. Discontent had
grown, especially among the Criollos, who had always been treated as second-class
subjects by the Spanish crown. They were the spark which ignited the ticking bomb
that Mexico was at that time. In 1808, Napoleon invaded Spain and imposed his
brother, José Bonaparte as king of Spain. That was the opportunity the Criollos had
waited for, to grasp control of their independence. They decided to start the revolt on
the 2nd of October 1810, but their plans were discovered in early September. They had
two choices then: either to abandon their plans, or to start the revolt immediately.
Fortunately for Mexico, they chose the second alternative. In the early hours of the
16th of December 1810, Father Hidalgo, accompanied by his fellow conspirators, rang
the bell of his little church and called everyone to fight for their liberty. This was the
beginning of the independence war of Mexico, which lasted for ten years and Hidalgo
´s words are still important today.

. People of ages come there to celebrate one of the most important moments in the history of Mexico. Every single street is decorated in the whole country with Mexican flags and flags are waving from nearly all of the houses. called antojitos in Mexico. Pozole is another common soup made of hominy. Then you add chocolate and chicken stock. As for the food we have many different varieties of finger food. turkey or pork. made from the blue agave plant. is the moment that every 16th of December is remade in every plaza in Mexico and commemorated by Mexicans all over the world. The sauce is served over chicken. and some different spices. whereas the most popular variety is the Tequila. the most spectacular ones in the main plaza of Mexico City. which is poblano chilies stuffed with meat and dried fruits. Mole poblano is made from a variety of chilies which are shaken and peeled. finely chopped sesame seeds and raisins. Mole means a thick sauce and poblano means from the city of Puebla. it is very time consuming. then toasted. Mescal.This moment. such as Chiles En Nogada. when Hidalgo spoke to the Mexicans. Lights with green. corn soaked and cooked in an alkaline solution. Since each ingredient must be shaken separately. Another mole is guacamole. They also eat a lot of dishes with the Mexican colors. red and white colors are set up in every city. which are eaten the whole day. After a long period of cooking the sauce is almost black. made from mashed avocadoes and onions. We must not forget Mexico’s national dish either: Mole poblano. a strong drink made from different agave plants is drunk over the whole country. toasted. and pork. chopped peanuts.