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3/25/2015

1852 Democratic National Convention - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1852 Democratic National Convention
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The 1852 Democratic National Convention was held at the Maryland Institute in the eastern downtown business
district of Baltimore, Maryland, just two weeks before the opposing Whig Party met in the same hall for their
nominating convention. The Maryland Institute for the Promotion of the Mechanic Arts, then an academic
institution founded 1825-1826 with a variety of curriculums including mechanical arts along with visual art and
design, was located on the second floor of their recently constructed 1851 landmark structure with two clock
towers at each end of the long structure set atop arched, stone and brick piers which covered the ancient "Centre
Market", founded in the 1760s as the original main marketplace of old Baltimore Town. Located at Market Place
(formerly Harrison Street) and South Frederick Street between East Baltimore Street on the north and Water Street
(old colonial shoreline) to the south. It was also known as "Marsh Market" because of the old colonial marsh of
Thomas Harrison then located along the western bank of the Jones Falls stream which flowed through downtown
Baltimore to the Harbor), and east of "The Basin" (today's "Inner Harbor re-developed entertainment, commercial
and hotel area) along the northern shore of the Patapsco River's Northwest Branch. 16th President Abraham
Lincoln spoke at the Institute a decade later with his "Liberty Address" or "Baltimore Address" during the Sanitary
Fair to raise money to benefit orphans and widows of Union Army soldiers and sailors, held by the United States
Sanitary Commission in April 1864. Old Maryland Institute and the Centre Market buildings perished in the Great
Baltimore Fire of February 1904. The Institute's buildings were rebuilt with three new parallel structures here for
the marketplace and the second floors for the M.I.'s mechanical arts along with another "Main Building" at Mount
Royal Avenue in northwestern city in 1906. They were razed in the 1980s for an entranceway into the new
Baltimore "Metro" subway system, and one building (the old "Fish Market") was renovated as the "Port Discovery"
children's museum, part of the new "Power Plant Live!" entertainment complex of the 1990s.
This convention was notable for the hostility between several groups of the party, divided over the "Compromise of
1850". The convention was called to order by Democratic National Committee chairman Benjamin F. Hallett.
Romulus M. Saunders served as the temporary convention chairman and John W. Davis served as the permanent
convention president.

1852 Democratic National Convention
1852 Presidential Election

Nominees
Pierce and King
Convention
Date(s)

June 1-June 5, 1852

City

Baltimore, Maryland

Venue

Maryland Institute for the Promotion of the Mechanic
Arts [above Centre ("Marsh") Market]

Candidates
Presidential

Franklin Pierce of

nominee

New Hampshire

Vice

William R. King of Alabama

Presidential
nominee

Contents
1 Presidential Candidates
1.1 Withdrew During Balloting
2 The Convention
3 Ballots
3.1 Presidential Ballots
3.2 Vice Presidential Ballots
4 See also
5 References
6 External links

Presidential Candidates

Former Senator
Franklin Pierce of
New Hampshire

Senator Lewis Cass of
Michigan

Former Secretary of
State James Buchanan
of Pennsylvania

Delegate Joseph Lane
of Oregon

Former Congressmen
and General William
O. Butler of Kentucky

Senator Daniel S.
Dickinson of New
York

Governor Philip Allen
of Rhode Island

Senator Henry Dodge
of Wisconsin

Senator Sam Houston
of Texas

Associate Justice Levi
Woodbury of New
Hampshire (Died
Before Convention)

Withdrew During Balloting

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popular in the South as well as in his home state. King's tuberculosis. to whom Pierce had no objections.org/wiki/1852_Democratic_National_Convention 2/3 . with Buchanan second. and William L. Douglas of Illinois.ourcampaigns.[2] In a peace gesture to the Buchanan wing of the party. (August 24. James Buchanan of Pennsylvania.com). Throughout the balloting. Vice Presidential Ballots http://en. Our Campaigns (http://www. King. Democratic Pierce/King campaign poster Cass led on the first 19 ballots. selecting Pierce as their dark horse by one vote over former New York Congressman and Brooklyn Mayor Henry C. Marcy 27 27 26 25 26 26 26 26 27 Stephen A. Marcy 26 Stephen A. Murphy.[1] After being nominated by the Virginia delegation.3/25/2015 1852 Democratic National Convention . who had the backing of northerners in support of the Compromise of 1850. On the second ballot. Pierce's supporters allowed Buchanan's allies to fill the second position. a former Congressman and Senator. Cass then recaptured first placed through the 44th ballot. candidate of the expansionists and the railroad interests. the nominee in 1848. numerous favorite son candidates received a few votes. considered as a dark horse candidate by Virginia delegates before they decided to support Franklin Pierce. War William L.wikipedia. did not get on the board until the 35th ballot. whose strength was centered in his home state. 2009).html?RaceID=58094). Buchanan took the lead on the 20th ballot and retained it on each of the next nine tallies. and Douglas and Marcy exchanging third and fourth places. the free encyclopedia Former Secretary of Senator Stephen A. although he worked hard to assure his region's voters with the statement that New Hampshire's Pierce was a "northern man with southern principles. Murphy of New York. King finally obtained the Democratic Vice Presidential nomination. Marcy of New York.ourcampaigns. 80 85 88 91 92 92 80 60 53 52 43 34 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 32 32 33 33 Douglas Others 56 55 58 54 54 30 23 16 31 25 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 16 16 19 Source: US President . Douglas managed a narrow lead on the 30th and 31st ballots. knowing that they would select Alabama Senator William R. Marcy Douglas of Illinois of New York The Convention As Democrats convened in Baltimore in June 1852. During the ensuing campaign. Marcy carried the next four ballots. Pierce consolidated his support in subsequent voting and was nominated nearly unanimously on the 49th ballot. denied him the active behind-the-scenes role that he might otherwise have played." Henry C. Ballots Presidential Ballots Presidential Ballot Ballot 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th 11th 12th 13th 14th 15th 16th 17th 18th 19th 20th 21st 22nd 23rd 24th Franklin 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Pierce Lewis 116 118 119 115 114 114 113 113 112 111 101 98 98 99 99 99 99 96 89 81 60 43 37 33 Cass James 86 87 88 88 87 87 87 87 85 85 92 102 104 104 103 Buchanan 93 95 94 89 88 88 88 88 87 William 27 27 27 26 26 26 26 26 25 26 26 26 26 27 26 L.com/RaceDetail.D Convention (http://www. with only minor opposition. four major candidates vied for the nomination.Wikipedia. 20 23 21 33 34 34 34 34 39 40 50 51 51 51 51 51 50 56 63 64 64 77 78 80 Douglas Others 40 33 36 34 34 34 35 35 31 32 31 32 33 33 33 33 34 34 33 33 44 46 50 54 Presidential Ballot Ballot 26th 27th 28th 29th 30th 31st 32nd 33rd 34th 35th 36th 37th 38th 39th 40th 41st 42nd 43rd 44th 45th 46th 47th 48th Franklin 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 15 30 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 44 49 55 Pierce Lewis 33 32 28 27 33 65 93 123 130 131 122 120 107 106 107 107 101 101 101 96 78 75 72 Cass James 98 96 98 91 83 74 72 49 39 28 28 28 28 27 27 27 27 27 27 28 28 28 Buchanan 101 William 26 26 26 26 26 26 25 33 34 58 70 84 85 85 85 91 91 91 97 98 95 89 L. which he believed he had contracted while living in Paris. Stephen A.Lewis Cass of Michigan. when the Virginia delegation brought him forward as a compromise choice. Franklin Pierce of New Hampshire.

wikipedia. Our Campaigns (http://www. By using this site.com).3/25/2015 1852 Democratic National Convention . See also Democratic National Convention References 1. LL..D Convention (http://www. Weller 28 0 David R. you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. 14. Inc. Presidents. Maryland Political conventions in Baltimore. Volumes 13-14. Downs 30 0 John B. Butler 13 0 Thomas J.org/wiki/1852_Democratic_National_Convention 3/3 .D. the free encyclopedia Vice Presidential Ballot Ballot 1st 2nd William R. Gramercy 1997 External links Proceedings of the Democratic national convention held at Baltimore. a non-profit organization. The Complete Book of U. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. 2.org/details/proceedingsofde00demo) Preceded by 1848 Democratic National Conventions Succeeded by 1856 Retrieved from "http://en. King 125 277 Solomon W. Murphy.google. Atchison 25 0 Gideon J. 2009). Maryland 1852 in Maryland This page was last modified on 6 January 2015. N. June 1-5.S.wikipedia. (https://books. Pillow 25 0 Robert Strange 23 0 William O..ourcampaigns. 1852 Democratic National Conventions History of Baltimore.Y. Memoir of Hon. William DeGregorio. http://en.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail. Henry C. additional terms may apply. p. Stiles. 1852 (https://archive. Rusk 13 0 Jefferson Davis 2 11 Howell Cobb 2 0 Abstaining 2 0 Source: US Vice President .com/books?id=GZkyAQAAMAAJ&pg=RA1PA14&dq=%22henry+c+murphy%22+1852+convention&hl=en&sa=X&ei=BAOsVI6RComogwTAyoL4CA&ved=0CDQQ6AEwBA#v=onepage&q=%22henry%20c%20murph y%22%201852%20convention&f=false) The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record.html?RaceID=59697).Wikipedia.php?title=1852_Democratic_National_Convention&oldid=641259221" Categories: United States presidential election. (August 25. at 16:17. Henry Reed (1883).org/w/index. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation. of Brooklyn.