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Rskip

Rramp

RCS

**Part I. Maximum Switch Current and Duty Consideration
**

Please enter higher limit of input rectified voltage

Please enter lower limit of input rectified voltage

Please enter output voltage

Please enter diode volt drop

Please enter output current

Please enter transformer ratio (n1/n2)

MOSFET stress (excluding the leakage)

Diode stress

Duty (input high, CCM lossless)

Duty (input low, CCM lossless)

Please enter the maximum peak switch current

Maximum current sense resistor to handle the current

Maximum input power (input high, CCM, infinity inductance)

Maximum input power (input low, CCM, infinity inductance)

Required output power

Required minimum efficiency (input high, CCM, infinity inductance)

Required minimum efficiency (input low, CCM, infinity inductance)

Part II. Inductance and Frequency

Please enter the frequency value

Critical mode inductor value (input high)

Critical mode inductor value (input low)

Please enter the primary inductance value

Inductor current ripple (input high, CCM)

Inductor current ripple (input low, CCM)

400

100

19

1

3

5

500

99

20

50

4

0.25

320

200

57.00

17.81

28.50

65

307.69

192.31

180

6.84

4.27

V

V

V

V

A

(ratio)

V

V

%

%

A

Ω

W

W

W

%

%

kHz

µH

µH

µH

A

A

**http://www.onsemi.com/
**

Prepared by: Kahou Wong

on Jan 20, 2006

input box is blue colored

output box is green colored

Note: n1 is primary turn number, n2 is main output, n3 is VCC biasing

Equation used: V(switch) = Vin + (Vout + Vd) *(n1/n2)

Equation used: V(diode) = Vout + Vin / (n1/n2)

Equation used: duty = ((n1/n2) * (Vout + Vd) ) / (Vin + (n1/n2) * (Vout + Vd) )

← Maximum available duty in NCP1271 is 80% (75% min, 85% max)

Equation used: R(cs) = 1 / Ipk

Equation used: Pin, max = duty * Vin * Ipk

Equation used: Pout = Iout * Vout

Equation used: eff = Pout / Pin

← Need to check if it is too high

**Note: Avaliable frequency options in NCP1271 is 65kHz and 100kHz
**

Equation used: L = Vin * duty / Ipk / freq

Note: Higher inductor value makes CCM

Equation used: delta(i) = duty / freq * Vin / L

← Current ripple decides CCM or DCM

Part IIIa. Continuous Conduction Mode (CCM) Scenario (when inductor current ripple is lower than maximum switch current)

Maximum input power (input high, CCM)

46.50 W

Equation used: Pin, max = duty * Vin * (Ipk - delta(i) / 2)

Maximum input power (input low, CCM)

93.16 W

Required minimum efficiency (input high, CCM)

122.59 %

Equation used: eff = Pout / Pin

Required minimum efficiency (input low, CCM)

61.18 %

← Need to check if it is too high

Part IIIb. Discontinuous Conduction Mode (DCM) Scenario (when inductor current ripple is higher than maximum switch current)

Duty (input high, DCM)

11.70 %

Equation used: duty = Ipk * freq * L / Vin

Duty (input low, DCM)

46.80 %

Discharge-duty (input high, DCM)

46.80 %

Equation used: discharge-duty = Vin / ((n1/n2) * (Vout + Vd) ) * duty

Discharge-duty (input low, DCM)

46.80 %

← Need to check (duty + discharge-duty < 100%)

Maximum input power (input high, DCM)

93.60 W

Equation used: Pin, max = duty * Vin * Ipk / 2

Maximum input power (input low, DCM)

93.60 W

Required minimum efficiency (input high, DCM)

60.90 %

Equation used: eff = Pout / Pin

Required minimum effiiciency (input low, DCM)

60.90 %

← Need to check if it is too high

Part IV. Auxiliary Winding for Bias Supply Voltage VCC

Please enter additional output voltage

Please enter the diode volt drop on this output

Transformer ratio (n1/n3)

Diode stress on this output

Part V. Snubber Circuit

Please enter the snubber resistor

MOSFET stress 1 (due to output winding reflection)

Power to spend (due to reflected output), DCM

Power to spend (due to reflected output), CCM

Please enter the leakage inductance of the transformer

Power to spend in the leakage inductance

Snubber voltage (due to leakage)

MOSFET stress 2 (due to leakage)

Minimum snubber capacitor

Part VI. Skip Adjust

Corresponding skip resistor

Pin 1 nominal voltage (Note 4)

Skip duty (borderline duty between normal and skip operation).

16

0.8

5.95

83.20

100.0

500

0.0468

0.08

2.5

1.3

360.6

760.6

307.7

V

V

(ratio)

V

kΩ

V

W

W

µH

W

V

V

pF

34.8 kΩ

1.50 V

9.0 %

**Equation used: n1/n3 = n1/n2 * (Vout1+Vd1) / (Vout2+Vd2)
**

Equation used: V(diode) = Vout + Vin / (n1/n3)

**Equation used: V(switch) = Vin + (Vout + Vd) *(n1/n2)
**

Equation used: Power = (voltage² / resistor) * discharge-duty

**Equation used: Power = ½ * L(leakage) * Ipk² * freq
**

Equation used: Voltage = sqrt( power * resistor)

Equation used: Max voltage = input voltage + snubber voltage

Equation used: C > 2 * Power / ( voltage² * freq )

**Note: Application range of skip resistor is between 30kΩ and 82kΩ.
**

Equation used: V(pin1) = 43µA * R(skip)

Equation used: D(skip) = (R(skip)*I(skip) - 1.25) / 0.73 / 3 * 80%

← Need to compare with the duty in Part III to check if it is too high

Notes:

1. VCC capacitor has to be as close as possible to the NCP1271.

2. Decoupling capacitors in pin 1 and pin 2 are typically 1nF.

3. Ramp resistor range is typically 1kΩ. Lower value makes better transient response.

4. When no skip resistor on pin 1, the nominal voltage is 6.8V and it is close to the 8V latch threshold.

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