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Chapter 5

:
Curriculum Planning
The specific details of the curriculum planning
process are determined by the level and nature of
curriculum work: designing a field of studies,
improving a program of studies, and developing a
course of study.
Glatthorn, Boschee, Whitehead, Boschee, Curriculum Leadership, 3rd Edition

© 2012 SAGE Publications

Curriculum Leadership.Curriculum Planning  …is the specification and sequencing of major decisions regarding curriculum. Boschee. develop database and planning calendar)  Carry out specific activities Glatthorn. Whitehead. 3rd Edition © 2012 SAGE Publications . It begins with three steps for organizing:  Organize for planning (determine locus of decision making and structures needed)  Establish the planning framework (align goals with fields and standards. Boschee.

Whitehead. 3rd Edition © 2012 SAGE Publications . evaluate. Boschee. change provide resources  Provide staff development Glatthorn. Curriculum Leadership. Boschee.Goal-Based Model  Determine locus of decisions  Determine organizational structures needed  Identify and allocate leadership functions  Align goals with curricular fields  Develop a curriculum database  Organize.

Whitehead. Boschee. 3rd Edition © 2012 SAGE Publications . Glatthorn. Boschee.  District level – when there is a plan to revise a field of study.Determining the Locus of Planning Decisions  Federal level – when policy decisions and their implementation are planned.  State level – when there needs to be changes in graduation requirements.  School level – when the program of studies needs to be changed or new courses added  Classroom level – when teachers plan units of study. Curriculum Leadership.

Curriculum Leadership.Organizational Structures Needed  District curriculum advisory council  School curriculum advisory council  Curriculum task forces Glatthorn. Boschee. Whitehead. 3rd Edition © 2012 SAGE Publications . Boschee.

Curriculum Leadership. 3rd Edition © 2012 SAGE Publications . Boschee. Boschee. Differentiate between district and schoolbased responsibilities 2. Whitehead. Decide what organizational structures are needed 3.3 Organizing Strategies 1. Allocate specific leadership functions to district and school staff Glatthorn.

Leadership Functions  Superintendent level  Assistant superintendent level/Director of Curriculum  Principal level  Teacher level/Classroom level Glatthorn. Whitehead. Curriculum Leadership. 3rd Edition © 2012 SAGE Publications . Boschee. Boschee.

Glatthorn. Curriculum Leadership. Whitehead.Goal-Based Model  Relies on the use of standards-based teaching  Teachers must be a part of the curriculum creation process. 3rd Edition © 2012 SAGE Publications . Boschee.  Sharing common goals is key to curriculum change. Boschee.

Curriculum Leadership. Whitehead. Specify district educational goals  2. Allocate goals to several fields of study Glatthorn. Determine which goals should be met through the courses of study  3. Boschee. Boschee. 3rd Edition © 2012 SAGE Publications .Alignment Between Education Goals and Curriculum Fields  1.

Whitehead. Boschee.Top-Down Process  One that begins at the district level and ends at the field of study level Glatthorn. Boschee. 3rd Edition © 2012 SAGE Publications . Curriculum Leadership.

Boschee. Whitehead. This database will provide needed information to be used when analyzing needs and developing curriculum. Boschee. Curriculum Leadership. Glatthorn. 3rd Edition © 2012 SAGE Publications .Curriculum Database  Teachers must access a curriculum database for a particular theme or standard using a system’s instructional tools.

Curriculum Calendar  Develop a curriculum calendar with six steps:  Needs assessment  Task forces appointed and working  Evaluate project  Organizational provisions  Resources selected and provided  Staff development  Mark important reference points to keep the curriculum project on schedule Glatthorn. Curriculum Leadership. Whitehead. Boschee. Boschee. 3rd Edition © 2012 SAGE Publications .

3rd Edition © 2012 SAGE Publications . Boschee. Boschee. Whitehead.Needs Assessment – Identify the Gaps  Conduct needs assessment  Just-right learning targets  Functional planning schema  Varied assessment  Did feedback improve student performance? Glatthorn. Curriculum Leadership.

Evaluate. Provide Resources  Following the needs assessment and evaluate of data.Organize. 3rd Edition © 2012 SAGE Publications . the next step is the development and implementation of strategies. Curriculum Leadership. Change. Boschee. Boschee. Glatthorn. Whitehead. Resources must also be secured by the new or improved program.

Providing Staff Development  One of the most effective means of ensuring successful implementation of new curricula is to integrate effective staff-development programs with any major curricular change. Boschee. Three models can be used:  1st model – pre-staff development model  2nd model – subsequent development model  3rd model – community-based learning model (PLCs) Glatthorn. 3rd Edition © 2012 SAGE Publications . Whitehead. Curriculum Leadership. Boschee.