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# ME542 Deformation Analysis & Modeling

Homework #3
(due Tuesday 6/23/2015, 5:00 pm)
1. Repeat the same FEM example by taking the coefficient of friction as 0.0 (a free-sliding
contact) and 0.2 (stronger friction than the example). Compare the indentationdetermined hardness and elastic modulus values with those obtained from the example.
Are there any significant changes in the stress and strain fields inside the Al film near the
indentation site?
H=?
E=? @ 0.0 friction
H=P/A
A=
Table 1 Load P( "rf2" of node 9999) P(uN) =f(Displacement (um)

|d| 0.1
0
0,001
0,002
0,0035
0,00575
0,009125
0,014188
0,01925
0,024313
0,029375
0,034438
0,0395
0,044563
0,049625
0,054688
0,062281
0,069875
0,077469
0,085063
0,092656
0,10025
0,107844
0,115438

|rf2| 0.1
0
0,342429
0,415774
0,434022
0,449892
2,21929
3,01119
7,71776
9,2607
17,3181
19,7038
31,0219
35,2771
42,1703
57,3068
64,5005
92,6844
102,491
139,812
150,144
199,501
213,779
244,094

|d|0.0
0
0,001
0,002
0,0035
0,00575
0,009125
0,014188
0,01925
0,024313
0,029375
0,034438
0,0395
0,044563
0,049625
0,057219
0,064813
0,072406
0,083797
0,095188
0,106578
0,117969
0,129359
0,14075

|rf2| 0.0
0
0,342429
0,415774
0,434022
0,449892
2,13179
2,88636
7,22406
9,09518
16,4679
19,7065
29,6427
34,587
42,6884
57,3815
76,2955
91,2857
127,21
154,546
200,731
257,036
293,083
370,143

|d|0.2
0
0,001
0,002
0,0035
0,00575
0,009125
0,014188
0,01925
0,024313
0,029375
0,034438
0,0395
0,047094
0,058484
0,069875
0,081266
0,092656
0,095504
0,098352
0,102623
0,10903
0,118641
0,133057

|rf2| 0.2
0
0,342429
0,415774
0,434022
0,449892
2,30246
3,11052
7,93342
9,14303
17,5348
19,3982
31,4203
36,2281
59,9617
91,3855
115,31
146,932
157,05
200,424
207,793
216,075
273,951
312,973

7362 49.199 0.1965 744.145812 294.193219 129.927 537.326 0.182936 0.195 788.1965 0 0.6254 0.802 744.187569 0 0.186622 0.191574 26.163531 0.2347 10.8289 0.176528 0.876 0.2 0.793 0.476 124.395 162.178559 0 0.010041 0 0.07162 0.019 0.049785 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.384 30.162 0.198 0.166917 0.8562 0.140041 0.585 420.189972 0 0.193354 0 0.189972 0.182163 0.136661 0.468 266.853 368.71 578.190055 0.158286 0.187569 0.986 414.2 0.152141 0.194063 0.187207 0 0.196 0.186 0.169999 0.195094 0.16189 0.235 619.140041 0.355 283.742 0.171 271.174922 0.153781 324.199 0.774 582.152501 0.195094 347.661 670.2 0.475 464.656 0.194625 0.112672 0.462 194.48 483.138219 0.192642 81.991 436.198 804.183781 0.0.192642 82.17045 0.193828 0 0.811 555.195937 0 0.319 767.140266 0.193311 479.183965 0 0.112672 0.802 604.186312 410.385 611.195937 0.4831 0.032 309.17045 0.195172 433.2 0.123031 0.191953 0.2 0.172391 0.130625 0.2 0.010041 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .191574 0.161 0.183965 0.193828 0.474 407.130877 0.09844 0.153406 0.07162 0.36 610.193354 209.2654 14.64 0.661 804.158286 0.216 0.145672 0.468 788.178559 0.101 501.549 781.563 628.

38903 Calculation of Projected Area Table 4 X-coordinate of node 13 friction 0. um 0.4303 0.585308 0.1 97982.585308 0 0.1 788.01 0.0 101223.005 0.661 Tabla 3 Calculation of Slope S=(Y2-Y1)/(X2coefficient fraction X1).585308 0.2 95497.1 friction 0.0 t d 0.2 0 0.1 t d 0.005 0.2 NODE 13 coord x NODE 13 coord x NODE 13 coord x t d 0.585308 0.585308 0 0.2 804.01 0. N/m 0.585308 0.0 744.585308 .0 friction 0.01 0.468 0.802 0.585308 0.85075 0.Chart 1 Comparison between friction coefficient specifications P(uN) =f(Displacement (um) From the data generated in Abaqus and analizing the inflection point it is gotten: Tabla 2 Load P Coefficient Fraction P.585308 0.005 0.

613924 0.1975 0.861953 0.615156 0.614023 0.585321 0.0175 1.50125 0.0175 1.04213 1.03323 1.03086 1.146875 0.817656 0.20857 0.01 1.02875 0.65148 0.491758 0.589009 0.631849 0.627197 0.632323 0.585751 0.222813 0.235469 0.172188 0.585941 0.65148 0.02969 1.585394 0.975859 1 1 1.585903 0.767031 0.651462 0.586387 0.587952 0.619335 0.585473 0.586574 0.03086 1.587263 0.586236 0.601145 0.651939 0.632323 0.04973 1.589844 0.03679 1.585308 0.08017 1.02031 1.1975 0.586157 0.585453 0.65166 0.02453 1.620386 0.070938 0.70375 0.1975 0.121563 0.874609 0.045625 0.406328 0.620481 0.619186 0.651471 0.632018 0.586861 0.02453 1.08532 1.595127 0.172188 0.587567 0.651939 0.172188 0.585415 0.045625 0.585308 0.532891 0.651939 0.005 1.632278 0.597891 0.58541 0.585381 0.585599 0.0.585334 0.045625 0.585357 0.585308 0.592955 0.585508 0.809449 0.02875 0.586141 0.02688 1.613101 0.0175 0.632323 0.619484 0.729062 0.651933 0.590394 0.651939 0.585313 0.02 1.121563 0.651912 0.585309 0.585308 0.683307 0.248125 0.577187 0.463281 0.619186 0.619884 0.931562 1 1 1.646797 0.598557 0.14775 1.593048 0.02031 1.625335 0.311406 0.0175 0.632323 0.585314 0.09625 0.273438 0.651939 0.1072 1.651939 0.04213 1.222813 0.539219 0.5856 0.146875 0.349375 0.03679 1.463281 0.595811 0.349375 0.598424 0.586725 0.0175 0.513115 0.619753 0.918906 0.585338 0.665287 0.387344 0.06215 1.05014 0.805 0.585308 0.292422 0.286094 0.585315 0.585382 0.01 1.768904 0.585307 0.585307 0.849995 0.620519 .58534 0.05014 1.651939 0.11736 0.58531 0.02875 0.632078 0.631427 0.620305 0.418984 0.651939 0.545151 0.362031 0.324062 0.585307 0.615915 0.475937 0.146875 0.425312 0.589563 0.070938 0.701328 0.09625 0.651587 0.910814 0.04023 1.121563 0.651769 0.62004 0.585582 0.632166 0.06396 1.585323 0.248125 0.620065 0.070938 0.760703 0.631427 0.653125 0.62052 0.632323 0.586816 0.025 1.604629 0.585324 0.585851 0.728358 0.634311 0.58568 0.585308 0.586897 0.966555 1 1 1.691094 0.605373 0.585447 0.594273 0.47752 0.612041 0.592663 0.09625 0.593889 0.585308 0.593206 0.58535 0.93311 0.585359 0.601138 0.585309 0.588651 0.03391 1.03323 1.005 1.605635 0.

333374 0.43664 1.620519 2 0.14775 1.632323 0.661 1.632323 0.651939 1.65148 1.620519 0.619186 1.34562 1.651939 0.75107 2 0.6419 1.204459 Tabla 6 Calculation of Hardness coefficient fraction P.4886478 0.802 1.252553 0.1072 1. um A=d^2*pi Hardness. H=P/A MPa 0.620519 0.2998 1.9498 2 0.0 744.5078 1.1 788.333374202 558.620519 0.620519 0.468 1.620519 0.620519 0.620519 Chart 2 Comparison between friction coefficient specifications for x-coordinate of node 13 Tabla 5 Calculation of projected area Coefficient Fraction d.5843787 0.2 804.43664 1.620519 0.651939 0.23749 1.9498 0.20857 1.632323 0.2 0.632323 1.631427 1.0 0.06215 1.1 0.620519 0. um A=d^2*pi .651939 0.6419 1. um^2 0.08017 1.651939 0.16541 1.632323 0.0682363 Calculation of Elastic Module .1.632323 0.2044593 668.2998 1.252553168 629.

415774 0.014188 0.1 to 0.342377 0. N/m^2 77588423327 77687289157 77115268299 Tabla 8 Calculation of Elastic Modulus E=(1-ν^2)*Eeff. N/m β 0. Set the coefficient of friction as 0. Tabla 9 Load P( "rf2" of node 9999) P(uN) =f(Displacement (um) |d| 0.0 101223.333374202 1. N/m^2 ν 0.01053 7.85075 0.01925 |rf2| 0.02875 0.1 (Al-Si) 0 0.2 77115268299 The value of Elastic Modulus is according to experimental data E= 70 GPa or 7.2 2. um^2 1 1 1 1. N/m^2 0.33 6.252553168 1.4303 0.005 0.According to the chart 1 S (slope is similar for the three cases β=1.434022 0.0175 0. Use the same FEM model.1 97982.070938 0. This way the substrate effect can be quantified.01119 7.38903 A.1 (Al only) 0 0.449892 2.0 Tabla 7 Calculation of Effective Modulus coefficient fraction S.0035 0. See how the indentation-determined hardness and elastic modulus values are varied.91E+10 0.449887 2.21694 3.0 77687289157 0.0 E+10Pa Analizing the result it is possible to see that there is not much change when changing the coeffient fraction from 0.92E+10 0.01 0.045625 0.1 0 0.434018 0.87E+10 coefficient fraction Eeff.21929 3.00575 0.2044593 Eeff.342429 0.009125 0.001 0.33 6.1 77588423327 0.1.2 95497.71776 .1 0 0. but replace the Si substrate with Al (so you are indenting a big Al block).33 6.71188 Al-Si |d| 0.002 0.0 & 0.415759 0.09625 Al only |rf2| 0.

182936 0.7038 31.9719 92.817656 9.2 0.186 81.3563 97.166917 0.03953 1.985 391.713 777.849031 0.054688 0.501 213.138219 0.893594 0.0325 1.41 96.04586 258.954 146.779 244.513906 0.25721 17.468 266.589844 0.0395 0.374687 0.123031 0.324062 0.1975 0.05179 1.195 788.385 611.09844 0.931562 0.2771 42.779688 0.153406 0.029375 0.988516 567.1703 57.855625 0.986 414.032 309.130877 0.9332 0.46 590.195172 9.222813 0.187207 0.29875 0.627813 0.190055 0.6844 102.130625 0.450625 0.216 433.99 312.214 435.459 273.6911 30.8694 124.176528 0 0 0 0 0 1.533 217.191953 0.911 137.10025 0.484 417.452 204.682 0.144 199.273438 0.172391 0.248125 0.491 139.183781 0.062281 0.476 512.03531 1.349375 0.48 483.145812 0.793 0.475937 0.06514 1.044563 0.8268 57.069875 0.029 138.741719 0.049625 0.551875 0.176 157.094 294.9272 35.2607 17.146875 0.107844 0.395 162.3068 64.8562 26.383 0.196 0.2 0.113 297.335 768.152501 0.092656 0.319 767.713 353.034438 0.077469 0.0.05713 1.121563 0.853 368.3181 19.147 0.468 788.5005 92.194625 0.07715 0 0 0 0 0 0.024313 0.8378 45.2983 19.71 578.2474 61.70375 0.04823 1.0219 35.115438 0.02 777.8289 1.665781 0.025 1.161 0.4 0.193219 129.812 150.085063 0.172188 0.5404 82.194063 0.049785 0 0 0 0 0 .876 1 1 1.62 611.425312 0.2434 41.

16275 1.1. N/m Al only Point x y S=(Y2-Y1)/(X2-X1) 1 1 777.3148 1.85075 2 0.468 97982.45164 1.2 788.09517 1.713 -16125.04823 0 Al-Si Point x y S=(Y2-Y1)/(X2-X1) 1 0.1222 1.6569 1.22357 1.9648 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Chart 10 Comparison between different composition material specifications P(uN) =f(Displacement (um) From the data generated in Abaqus and analizing the inflection point it is gotten: Tabla 10 Calculation of Slope S.08812 2 1.191953 0 Calculation of Projected Area .

577187 0.58533 0.585453 0.585308 0.586122 0.01 0.222813 0.1975 0.070938 0.02 0.585508 0.587658 0.045625 0.585308 0.604629 0.248125 0.988516 0.585308 0.595127 0.586957 0.172188 0.585309 0.02688 0.585751 0.610036 0.248125 0.628726 NODE 13 t Al-Si NODE 13 coord x t d (Al-Si) 0 0.4 0.513906 0.627813 0.273438 0.590885 0.855625 0.585981 0.585401 0.539219 0.045625 0.146875 0.025 0.632018 1.585308 0.121563 0.613101 0.631849 1.729062 0.589844 0.931562 0.311406 0.918906 0.551875 0.463281 0.29875 0.450625 0.222813 0.585313 0.349375 0.585311 0.50125 0.593171 0.02875 0.374687 0.653125 0.273438 0.146875 0.586897 0.601145 0.70375 0.585307 0.172188 0.590394 0.587567 0.585308 0.09625 0.586387 0.585308 0.585308 0.585321 0.626768 1 0.585318 0.01 0.585308 0.597891 0.475937 0.585308 0.585903 0.58555 0.585741 0.767031 0.585491 0.585382 0.070938 0.631427 1 0.324062 0.02875 0.58541 0.121563 0.817656 0.665781 0.619628 0.588651 0.741719 0.805 0.615419 0.585307 0.632078 .0175 0.Tabla 11 X-coordinate of node 13 Al only coord x d (Al only) 0 0.585345 0.586468 0.58565 0.586141 0.586269 0.585334 0.585374 0.588945 0.5856 0.861953 0.1975 0.0175 0.62004 0.604325 0.627197 1 0.893594 0.387344 0.005 0.975859 0.601324 0.425312 0.349375 0.005 0.58535 0.595316 0.691094 0.592663 0.425312 0.585442 0.58583 0.615156 0.09625 0.585308 0.585308 0.779688 0.631427 1.598154 0.

0325 1.631427 1.629883 1.629553 0.629883 0.5078 1.632323 0.05179 1.22357 1.75107 2 0.3148 1.02 1.632323 0.11736 1.23749 1.632323 0. um^2 0.02969 1.025 1.632323 0.9648 2 0.629303 0.629883 0.629766 0.09517 1.629129 0.07715 1.04973 1.34562 1.632323 0.06514 1.629883 0.45164 1.629883 0.629883 0.632278 0.629883 0.629883 0.629883 0.632323 0.629881 0.632323 0.628726 0.03531 1.632323 0.632323 0. um A=d^2*pi.252553168 .629883 0.629643 0.03391 1.6569 1.629883 0.16275 1.628726 1.08532 1.16541 1.241860213 0.06396 1.629883 0.632166 0.632323 Tabla 12 Comparison between different material specifications for x-coordinate of node 13 Tabla 13 Calculation of projected area and Hardness Material Al only Al-Si d.05713 1.629883 0.629883 0.04586 1.04823 1.03953 1.1 1.632323 0.1222 1.04023 1.

um^2 1 1 1.91E+10 Using only Aluminium. N/m^2 0. N/m β -16125. Its slope is negative.241860213 626. when a load is applied it is possible to see from the drawing Tabla 16 Comparison between different composition material specifications P(uN) =f(Displacement (um) - The plate completely made of Aluminium shows a bigger deformation.252553168 629. N/m^2 -12823621195 77588423327 Tabla 15 Calculation of Elastic Modulus Material Al only Al-Si Eeff.33 0. um A.241860213 1.713 1. H=P/A MPa 777.0 Tabla 14 Calculation of Effective Modulus Material Al only Al-Si S.33 -1.4886478 Calculation of Elastic Module According to the chart 1 S (slope is different for the two cases) β=1.252553168 Eeff. Moreover it also shows a plastic region after inflexion point. In other words it would cause failure (permanent deformation).um^2 Hardness.85075 A.Material Al only Al-Si P.08812 97982. N/m^2 ν -12823621195 77588423327 E=(1-ν^2)*Eeff.14E+10 6. .248423 788.468 1.