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Introduction: Allah (God) Almighty mentions a lot of His creation in The Quran like the camel, bees, birds, spider, etc. and the reason for this is for a person to ponder and reflect upon these creatures to learn from their creation what Allah (God) wants him to learn, and to apply this knowledge in his life such that a believer would be the teacher of others and not the one on the receiving end. And such that this knowledge would be a reason for people to be guided to the path of Allah (God) Almighty. Since Allah (God) Almighty knows that the main theme of our time is knowledge and that knowledge is the common language of people, thus Allah (God) wants to attract people to His book (i.e. The Quran) since he wants their guidance and not their torment and the way for this attraction in this day and age is the miracle of knowledge in the Quran and the teachings of Prophet Mohammad peace be upon Him which means the superiority of the knowledge of Allah (God) in The Quran and the guidance of Prophet Mohammad in His teachings over the knowledge of people in this day and age. Thus when a stranger to the religion of Islam sees that he is learning engineering from the Quran then that would be a reason for him to be attracted to the book of Allah (God) and that would in turn lead that person to the path of Allah (God). In this article I would concentrate on the house of the spider as Allah (God) mentions this house in verse 41 of chapter 29 of The Quran (The likeness of those who take helpers other than Allah (God) is as the likeness of a spider, who builds a house, but verily, the frailest of houses is the spider's house; if 1
they but knew), such that Allah (God) urges us to ponder upon the house of the spider. This article concentrates on the knowledge that can be learnt from pondering upon the house of the spider.
Pondering upon the House of The Spider: Figure 1 shows the house of the spider, such that this figure shows the inspiration that Allah (God) inspired the spider with to build its house.
Figure 1: The house of the spider.
Figure 2 shows the house of the spider if we model the house of the spider from an engineering point of view.
Figure 2: The house of the spider from an engineering point of view.
We notice that Allah (God) Almighty created the house of the spider by placing links which bear tensile forces, whereas these links extend from fixation regions to the center of the house and let us name these links by the main links. In addition to these main links there are cross links which connects the main ones. If we ponder upon the house of the spider from the guidance of verse 7 of chapter 32 (Allah (God) who created everything in an optimal state, and He began the creation of people from mud), we find that Allah (God) perfected everything He has created which means from an engineering point of view that every engineering system Allah (God) created is in an optimal state. The branch of engineering which deals with optimal systems is called: Optimal engineering system and Optimization theory, so by learning these optimal systems from the Quran a believer would become the teacher of others and not the one on the receiving end. Thus we can conclude that the house of the spider should be an optimal system, and among what this means is the optimal use of matter and energy in the construction and functioning of the house such that we notice that Allah (God) inspired the spider to build its house in a hollow fashion which 3
results in the construction of the house using minimum amount of structural material, as shown in figure 3.
Figure 3: A comparison between the design of the house of the spider in discrete and solid manners.
This discrete structure for the house of the spider means a light weight for it which increases the efficiency of the structure for load bearing, since if a structure weight. We find that Allah (God) Almighty designed the house of the spider as shown in figure 2, such that this design ensure light weight for the house of the spider which ensures the reduction of self loading phenomenon and increases the efficiency of the structure for load bearing. The second aspect to ponder upon in the creation of Allah (God) for the house of the spider is the importance of the cross links connecting the main links in the house of the spider. And to know the function of these cross links I did two computer models, where in one model the displacements resulting in the center of the house of the spider are calculated resulting from a certain weight in the center of the house without cross links, as shown in figure 4. is light then this reduces self loading phenomenon. This phenomenon means the stress induced on the structure due to its own
Figure 4: Displacements resulting from central loading on the house of the spider without cross links.
The maximum value of displacement in this case was 17 units of displacement at the center of the house, and if we compare the result of this model with another having the same boundary conditions of force and fixation but with the addition of cross links. We find that the maximum value of displacement was about 8 units in this case, as shown in figure 5.
.Figure 5: Displacements resulting from central loading on the house of the spider with cross links
These results mean that there is an increase in the strength of the structure of about 50% when the cross links are found in the structure. This result also shows the mercy of Allah (God) on the spider, where this reduction in the displacements in the house of the spider means that the spider can reach one part of its house to another in minimum time and thus minimum effort. 5
However, if there were large displacements in the house of the spider then this would mean longer distance for the spider to travel from one place to another on its house and thus more effort on the part of the spider. Thus Allah (God) Almighty teaches us the importance of integrating these cross links in load bearing structures, such that these cross links increases the stability of the structure and reduces the displacements within it which reduces the risk of structural failure. Civil engineers realized the importance of these cross links as shown in figure 6, whereas the concept of cross links is something that Allah (God) teaches us in the Quran in a comprehensive manner but because the majority of Muslims deserted Allah (God) Almighty and His book thus they find themselves in pain and despair.
Figure 6: Cross links in engineering structures.
We find another application for these cross links in the human body as Allah (God) urges us to ponder upon the creation of our body as stated in verse 21 of chapter 51 (And in your ownselves will you no them see?), Such that if we ponder upon human bone we find that it is composed of two main components; firstly thick ceramic like columns which bear the forces acting 6
on bone. We also find another light ceramic like material connecting these thick bony columns, as shown in figure 7. This connecting material is similar to the cross links found in the house of the spider, such that this connecting ceramic material in bone increases the stability of bone and its strength.
Figure 7: Main columns and side links in human bone.
I end this article with a verse from the book of Allah (God) (i.e. The Quran), such that Muslims would reflect upon it and know why Allah (God) related in The Quran in details the story of the children of Israel, and for Muslims to link all of this with their relationship with the Quran. This verse is verse 5 of chapter 62 which states: (The likeness of those who carried the Taurât (Torah), but who subsequently failed to carry it, is as the likeness of a donkey who carries valuable books. How bad is the example of people who deny the signs of Allah (God). And Allah (God) guides not the people who are wrong-doers.
Zaid Kasim Mohammad Ghazzawi Website: miracle.com www.quran-