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Pulse Wave Velocity (PWV) Quick Guide

The following guide provides step-by-step instructions for taking a Pulse Wave Velocity (PWV)
measurement. Refer to the manual for more detailed instructions.
To begin, double-click on the SphygmoCor® XCEL icon on the computer desktop to open the
application. Ensure the software and SphygmoCor XCEL module are communicating by navigating
to ‘System’ in the toolbar and selecting ‘Find Module.’ If an error message is encountered, consult
the manual for troubleshooting instructions.
Setup Screen
1. Select ‘PWV’ from the drop-down menu in the top left side of the Setup Screen.
2. To enter a new patient into the database, click the ‘New’ button in the bottom left corner of the
screen.
Note: If the patient already exists in the database, highlight the name and proceed to Step 5.
3. Enter the Last Name, Date of Birth, and Gender. All other fields are optional.
4. Click on the ‘Save’ button in the bottom center of the screen.
5. Wrap the light blue femoral cuff firmly around the subject’s upper thigh
ensuring the tube is on top of the leg and facing towards the subject’s
head (Figure 1).
Note:The femoral cuff can be placed over clothing such as thin trousers;
however in rare cases it may be necessary to remove the clothing to allow
detection of the femoral pulse wave.

6. Measure, in millimeters, the distance from the
suprasternal notch to the carotid pulse point and enter the
value into the ‘Carotid to Sternal Notch’ field (labeled 1 in
Figure 2). Measure, in millimeters, the distance from the
suprasternal notch to the top of the femoral cuff (shortest
distance) and enter the value into the ‘Sternal Notch to
Cuff’ field (labeled 2 in Figure 2).

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2

3

Figure 1

Note: The ‘Femoral to Cuff’ field (labeled 3 in Figure 2) will be
pre-populated with a distance of 200 millimeters. For a more
accurate PWV calculation, measure the distance from the
femoral pulse to the top of the cuff and enter it into this field.
7. Click the ‘Capture’ button (labeled 4 in Figure 2) in the
bottom right corner of the screen

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Figure 2

8. Perform applanation tonometry at the carotid pulse. Once
ten seconds of regular carotid waveforms have been
DCN101444 – Rev 2.0

the femoral cuff will inflate to acquire femoral waveforms. When ten seconds of consistent carotid and femoral waveforms have been simultaneously acquired. 9. Report Screen 1 Figure 3 10. Note: The cuff can be deflated at any time by pressing the ‘Cancel’ button on the screen or pushing the Stop ! button on the top of the device.0 . The assessment can also be collected manually by pressing the keyboard spacebar.detected. Assess the Quality Control (labeled 1 in Figure 3) of the measurement. A green check (Figure 4) is an indication of reproducible waveforms while a red X (Figure 5) denotes unacceptable data. Figure 4 Figure 5 Acceptable Unacceptable DCN101444 – Rev 2. the assessment will be collected and a report generated.