Introduction of Environmental Science Report

Written by : Nida Humaida (Student ID: 201456801)

Indonesia is a tropical country from South East Asia, an archipelago comprising thousands
of islands, located between two large oceans (Pacific and Indian) and two continents (Asia and
Australia). Indonesia has total area 1,904,569 km2 with population 237,6 million people on year
2010 and it keeps increasing 1.49% per year. As a developing country, Indonesia’s population is
unevenly distributed which becomes a pretty big problem. Therefore, the provision of
infrastructure facilities that support public residents is important to create a comfortable place to
live in, especially the green infrastructure which does not only have environmental benefits for
people but also offering economical, cultural, and aesthetical benefits.
Green infrastructure is an interconected network of green spaces that conserves natural
ecosystem values and functions and provides associated benefits to human population (Green
Infrastructure: Smart Conservation for the 21st Century, 2001). Green open spaces network
supply oxygen for human respiration, can neutralize the effects of air pollution, can absorp
carbon dioxide (CO2) while reducing carbon emission that triggers global warming. Green
Infrastructure can be an interconnection network of rivers, wetlands, forests, wildlife habitat, and
natural areas in urban areas; green belt, green areas, and conservation areas; the area of
agriculture, plantations, and various other types of green spaces, such as city parks.
In urban environment, the impact of traffic jam such as air pollution, noise and vibration
should be sought so that they wouldn’t exceed the required threshold for each type of region. In
sensitive areas such as settlement, school and health facilities, it is important to develop green
open spaces intensively which have multiple function ecologically, architecturally, socially and
economically. Utilization of local plants (endemic), for the green-line in urban areas is
something that needs to be encouraged and developed. Since they are suitable with the local
climatic conditions, they can help to protect biodiversity in archipelago country like Indonesia.
Green city is a concept that uses sustainable urban planning approachment, mainly concern
about green infrastructure development to create a city that is convenient and eco- friendly. One

The development of its technology and the utilization of green city concept is still getting less attention. inovasion and creations of the technology that support green infrastructure development can not be applied well. Many people do not understand what Green City Concept is. These programs have increased the green space that was previously below 10% to 20. etc. such as “Urban Farming". the green infrastructure development in Indonesia requires substantial funds. At least. green spaces in mountain area are used to avoid landslides and erosion. green spaces in each city have different ecological functions. the application of green city concept to each regions can not be generalized because each area requires a separated study. the macro climate. "Surabaya Colored Flowers". Why? Green infrastructure development in Indonesia is still not applied well and thoroughly because the general public understanding about this concept is still at minimum level. as well as in housing. green spaces at the beach are used to avoid the tidal wave and tsunami. In this case. Until now. noise reduction function. 2011). "Surabaya Green and Clean". Therefore. the application is currently not well-concepted which cause an image of perfunctory greening process without seeing who can use the positive benefits of it.25% (National Urban Forum (Bappenas). Procurement of infrastructure facilities in Indonesia are still constrained toward their local spatial planning which tend to lead to economical and physical development. Recycle) in waste management were carried out in order to establish a healthy green city. Local government also hardly control the use of open spaces that continuously reducing the amount of green spaces and converted them into buildings. Moreover. In addition. Constraint of costs also become an inhibiting factor. For example. we have to know about local characteristics. green spaces in big cities are used to suppress air pollution. The efforts of each . However. not all cities in Indonesia implement green city concept. and Implementation of 3R (Reuse. Surabaya City is one of Indonesia Green Region Award winner (IGRA) at 2011 as they used green city concept through activities and development / revitalization programs of city parks by engaging their own citizens to participate directly. the government’s role is very important to provide the funds for green infrastructure development.example about green city concept that is successfully applied in Indonesia is Surabaya City. Reduce. As the result.

improving environmental quality. .individual member of citizens and all related parties (stakeholders) are also required for the development to afford the best maintenance of green open spaces. and waste management.