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Stainless steel

semi-finished
material: billets,
blooms, ingots
and slabs

Since the discovery of a 12% Cr martensitic stainless steel by Harry Brearley in 1913. Sheffield has been considered the home of stainless steel: In 2013 we celebrated the centenary of stainless production in Sheffield. ingots and slabs SMACC Outokumpu’s UK meltshop in Sheffield. ingots and slabs . ingot and slab in a wide range of sizes and stainless steel grades. blooms. coupled with experience and expertise. blooms. At SMACC we are continually improving the product and performance so that today we provide our customers with an extensive range of stainless steel grades with an on-time arrival performance of over 90%. 2 . SMACC (Stainless Melting and Continuous Casting).Stainless steel semi-finished material: billets. With the flexibility to produce billet. bloom.Melting and Casting – billets. and we remain committed to the production and development of new grades and products. is a global supplier of semi-finished stainless long and flat products. we provide customers with an excellent level of service.

austenitic and duplex stainless steel from Degerfors Stainless for demanding applications in highly corrosive environments where strong. The stainless steel is used for a wide range of applications. The products are used across various quality-critical industries. the production expanded significantly and Degerfors now consist of two mills (both mills are part of Outokumpu). worldwide. Stainless steel semi-finished material: billets. flanges. when a forging hammer and two hearths were installed. from standard to high alloyed special stainless steel grades. up to forgings and the production of seamless tube and pipe. Steel production in Degerfors ranges back to 1660. antennas and welding consumables. Manufacturers around the world choose semi-finished martensitic.Hot rolling and forging – billet and heavy bar Degerfors Stainless Degerfors Stainless is located in the heart of Sweden and is a high-quality producer of rolled and forged billets and bars in a wide range of stainless steel grades. springs.3 . ingots and slabs . from smaller products such as screws. durable stainless steel grades are of the utmost importance. During the years. of which Degerfors Stainless is one. Stainless steel production started in the 1960s and is today the main product. blooms.

blooms.Stainless steel semi-finished material: billets.Our product portfolio Cast products Raw materials Electric Arc Furnace Stainless steel production is scrap based. The 130 tonne. Continuous Casting SMACC has two continuous casters: one slab and bloom combi-caster. utilising up to 85-90% recycled material. Slabs can be delivered in the ground or unground condition with a maximum weight of 30 tonnes. Argon Oxygen Decarburisation Ladle Arc Furnace In the AOD vessel the melt is decarburised and the chemical composition is adjusted. Blooms are delivered in the unground condition. 90 MVA furnace can process stainless scrap into molten feedstock at 1650°C in 90 minutes. At the LAF final chemical composition and temperature are adjusted and homogenised ready for casting. Cast billet Cast slab Cast bloom Billets can be supplied in the ground or unground condition. ingots and slabs . Cross-section Length Thickness Width Length Cross-section Length 127 x 127 3800-12000 170 960-1575 4000-12000 300 x 400 2000-12000 140 x 140 3800-12000 200 960-1575 4000-12000 150 x 150 3800-12000 300 700-1575 3200-6600 180 x 180 3800-12000 200 x 200 3800-12000 All dimensions in mm 4 . and one six-strand billet caster equipped with electromagnetic stirring to enhance internal quality.

is bloom or ingot. Our ingots are normally square but other ingot shapes and sizes can be considered on enquiry. tonnes Upper size. mm Length. After the roughing mill the stainless steel is rolled to its final shape and dimension. Route Shape Size.6 765 x 1773 621 x 1632 Forged and rolled products Reheating Roughing mill Rolling mill Forging The feedstock for the rolled and forged billets. Tolerances We work with our customers to tailor our production tolerances to their specifications.5 .6 629 x 629 452 x 452 19. where blooms and ingots serve as the feedstock. Weight. blooms.Ingot casting Liquid steel is uphill teemed into cast iron moulds. the material passes through a roughing mill where the outgoing product is a rough square. Stainless steel semi-finished material: billets. The entire heating and rolling process is carefully controlled. m Rolled Round 75-270 3-12 Rolled Square 75-250 3-12 Forged Round 150-400 3-12 Forged Square 150-300 3-12 Heat Treatment All products can be post-production heat treated to meet our customers’ requirements. mm Lower size. Once heated. ingots and slabs . fully ground. Forging can also be used as a mid-step for some products. peeled or turned condition. mm 5. Our billets can be supplied in both rolled and forged format. Rolled or forged billets and heavy bars Billets are produced with round or square cross-section and can be supplied in the unground. Processing of the final product such as heat treatment or surface preparation can be added. The process starts with reheating the cast products in our eight oxy-fuel heated pit furnaces. spot/corner ground.

grades with tailored microstructures. 2205/1. Duplex grades Outokumpu is one of the largest producers of duplex stainless steels.4362 (F 68) Replaces 4404/4432 (316L). blooms. 2304/1.4410 (F 53) and 4501/1. LDX 2101®/1. resulting in a product that has increased strength.4501 (F 55) Two superduplex grades used for the most demanding environments such as the petrochemical and chemical industries.4162 This lean duplex grade has higher resistance to pitting. crevice corrosion and SCC (stress corrosion cracking) compared to 4307. The grades listed in the following pages are examples of current grades in production: additional or amended grades could be considered upon enquiry. especially where there is a risk of stress corrosion cracking or when higher mechanical strength is needed. enhanced resistance to stress corrosion cracking and improved price stability when compared to austenitic grades with the same corrosion resistance. combined with excellent machinability. LDX 2404®/1. Our 2205 can be supplied as UNS S31803 and S32205.4462 (F 51 and F 60) The most commonly used duplex grade combines good corrosion resistance with high strength. ingots and slabs .4662 A duplex stainless steel with high contents of chromium and nitrogen.Stainless steel semi-finished material: billets. 2507/1. 6 .A range of stainless grades – a world of possibilities Outokumpu is a global leader in providing stainless steels. which combine the advantageous properties of austenitic and ferritic grades. and highly alloyed grades for demanding applications. with an extensive portfolio encompassing standard grades. This grade combines a higher mechanical strength than for other common duplex grades with a generally high corrosion resistance.

ingots and slabs . and improved performance in marine environments.4845 (F 310. stress corrosion cracking. blooms. F 310H) A common high temperature stainless grade for use at temperatures up to 1100°C. a superaustenitic with 7% Mo. Stainless steel semi-finished material: billets. 654 SMO®.4539 (F 904L) 904L is a 25% nickel austenitic stainless steel alloyed with copper for use in acidic and chloride containing environments.4835 (F 45) 253 MA® is an excellent choice for high to very high temperatures (850–1100°C). nickel.7 . crevice corrosion. High temperature austenitic grades High temperature grades are designed for temperatures exceeding 550°C used for temperature ranges where creep strength and high temperature corrosion are design factors. 904L/1. 4845/1. 253 MA®/1.High performance austenitic grades High performance austenitic stainless steel grades contain higher quantities of chromium. providing enhanced corrosion resistance and physical properties. can compete in term of corrosion resistance with the nickel base alloys. 254 SMO®/1. molybdenum and nitrogen.4652 Being the most corrosion resistant stainless steel grade in the world.4547 (F 44) 254 SMO® is an Outokumpu-developed superaustenitic stainless steel with superior resistance to pitting. 654 SMO®/1. The excellent mechanical strength at high temperatures allows higher loads or thinner wall thickness compared to more commonly used high temperature stainless grades such as 309S and 310S.

10 Ni 7 17 4 201 S20100 – 0. F 310H 0.TÜV Nord • PED 97/23/EC • ASME MO QSC 713 • Approvals from DNV.1 2.4307 304L S30403 F 304L 0.1 4833 1.4316 308 S30800 – 0. Lloyd’s Register • ISO 9001 – TÜV Nord • AD 2000 – Merkblatt W0 .8 10.5 10 48292 1.2 10.4829 309 S30900 – 0.4436 316 4432 1. ingots and slabs ® 254 SMO 1.4404 316L S31603 44361 1.Forever: Sustainable stainless The current average recycled content for stainless steel produced by the Outokumpu Group is over 85%. Prodec High performance austenitic Typical chemical composition. These excellent recycling characteristics mean that stainless steels are key materials for creating a sustainable society.4878 321H S32109 F 321H 0.4401 316 S31600 F 316 0. At Outokumpu we work with our customers and partners to create long lasting solutions for the tools of modern life and the world’s most critical problems: clean energy.7 44011 1.06 22.7 2.7 3. blooms.4845 310S S31008 F 310.TÜV Nord • 1.4432 316L 1 1 Austenitic high temperature N 1 4301 3Cu F 316L 0.3 12.4547 S31254 F 44 654 SMO® 1.05 25 20 4841 1.1 8.1 8.02 16. This is achieved by recovering metals during the production process.1 Ti 1.2 10.14 Mo Others 7Mn 4311 1.1 Cu 43162 1.02 17.07 24.6 4571 1.6Si.2 13.7 12.01 0.7 2.3 9.04 16.02 18.04 16.4652 – S32654 – 0.5Cu ® 4438 1.04 20 12 2Si 1.05 1.3 12.1 8.5 9. blooms.1 Ti 4578 1.4539 904L 2 F 904L 8 .04 17.04 18. including: Billets. clean water and efficient infrastructure.4311 304LN S30453 F 304LN 0.4372 4550 1.1 2.20 20 18 6.04 17.05 18.4567 (304Cu) S30430 – 0.09 21 11 4845 1.4435 316L – – 0.5 19.3 3.4841 314 S31400 – 0.5Mn Cu .4305 303 S30300 – 0.5 4567 1.02 17.1 0.1 N08904 0.4462. % 4310 4372 1 International steel designation ® 904L 1.6 4828 1. S31803 – Lloyd’s Register • PED 97/23/EC A selection of stainless steel grades Outokumpu steel name EN ASTM UNS ASTM A182 C 1.Stainless steel semi-finished material:– billets.4828 – – – 0.4550 347 S34700 F 347 0.05 19.3 1. 25% higher than the global stainless industry average of 60%.03 23.4303 305 S30500 – 0.1 F 316 0.05 17. Quality assurance Our manufacturing programme is supported by in-house product inspection and testing.4571 316Ti S31635 F 316Ti 0.02 16. Ce Ti 253 MA 1.1 Cu 0.4835 – S30815 F 45 0.TÜV Nord • AD 2000 – Merkblatt W0/TRD 100 .4301 304 S30400 F 304 0.17 2Si 0.4948 304H S30409 F 304H 0.6 2.20 Cr 17 1.7 9.9 10.5 Nb S 4305 Austenitic 0.01 17.TÜV Nord • BS OHSAS 18001 . Our business is accredited to recognised international standards.3 9.5 13 4948 1.01 20 25 4.4310 301 S30100 – 0.2 4303 1.4833 309S S30908 – 0.4578 (316Cu) – – 0.9 10.3 4878 1. reducing waste and improving material efficiency.02 18.01 0. Because we believe in a world that lasts forever.4541 321 S32100 – 0.9 10.9 2.5 S31703 F 317L Typical grade for welding filler 0.5 9.7 2.05 17. ingots and slabs: Rolled and forged billets: • ISO 9001 & 14001 .6 4435 1.04 17.4438 317L Available as machinability improved grade. and the extensive experience of our technical team.6 S31600 F 316L 0.3 8.1 43071 1.1 44041 1. Germanischer Lloyd.2 4541 1.50 24 22 7.02 18.05 17.

03 21.1 22092 – – S39209 – 0.75 4313 1.1 8.4845 International steel designation 310S S31008 F 310.5 4.Outokumpu Steel Name Austenitic High performance austenitic Ferritic ASTM A182 C N Cr Ni 17 7 0. F 60 0.4432 316L 1 3Cu 2.8 3.4316 308 S30800 – 0.45 1.04 17.08 9 1 Nb V F 92 1.04 20 12 2Si S30815 F 45 21 11 1.1 F 316 0.4307 304L S30403 F 304L 0.4311 304LN S30453 4541 1.04 17.4436 316 44321 1.02 17.4021 420 S42000 – 0.5 4057 1.5 4016 1.3 9.4539 904L N08904 F 904L 0.04 17.2 10.01 20 25 4.4313 – S41500 F 6NM 0.4 6.14 Mo Others 18.5 9.10 201 S20100 0.05 18.4005 416 S41600 – 0.1 4833 1.4948 304H S30409 F 304H 0.4511 430Nb – – 0.7 1.10 43011 1.3 5Mn Cu 3RE60 1.4404 316L S31603 44361 1.3 8.4410 – S32750 F 53 0.02 F 91 1.1 F 304LN 4311 1.3 3.04 16.17 Outokumpu 4845 1.4362 – S32304 F 68 0.5 9.4016 430 S43000 F 430 0.7 9.6 1.02 0.4028 420 S42000 – 0.7 43162 1.08 9 0.20 20 18 6.05 16.4578 (316Cu) – – 0.08 17 7 1Al LDX 2101 1.1 8.2 0.02 15.5 4105 1.4541 321 S32100 1.4903 – K90901 F 91 0.9 2.05 17.02 16.5 4567 1.10 13 4021 1.6 4828 1.1 Ti 0.27 25.27 24 3.1 Cu 654 SMO® 1.02 0.4303 305 S30500 – 0.20 13 4028 1. blooms.4550 347 S34700 F 347 0.3 Cu 3Mn Cu 1 ® 2304 Duplex ASTM 4310 4305 Other alloys EN Typical chemical composition.5Mn Cu 4000 1.6 S31600 F 316L 0. % 4372 4550 3 International steel designation LDX 2404 ® 2205 0.4501 – S32760 F 55 0.9 10.20 16 1.4000 410S S41008 – 0. Ce Ti 253 MA 1.5 Ni 19.2 4006 1.02 0.7 3.7 44011 1.22 0.5 0.05 17.2 4511 1.7 3.05 19.8 10.5 4.6 2.02 0.4401 316 S31600 F 316 0.4567 (304Cu) S30430 – 0.2 3.02 17.75W Nb V Also available as UNS S31803 ® Registered Trademark of Outokumpu Stainless Oy Stainless steel semi-finished material: billets.7 12.3 9.03 23.4057 431 S43100 – 0.50 24 22 7.4878 321H S32109 F 321H 0.4542 630 S17400 – 0.4462 S322053 S32205 F 51.2 10.5 Mo Others 2Si S Nb S 0.4305 303 S30300 – 0.07 N 4438 1.4006 410 S41000 F 6a 0.4901 – K92460 F 92 0.1 43071 1.2 4303 1.05 17.1 Cu 4578 1.4310 301 S30100 0.1 254 SMO 2 Martensitic and precipitation hardening UNS 1.1 Ti 2. F 310H 0.03 12.01 17.1 2.03 12.1 F 316L 0.9 .5Cu ® 1.1 44041 1.4652 – S32654 – 0.09 0.05 Typical25 chemical 20 composition.5 10 48292 1.15 22 8 3 4501 1.17 22 5.9 3.9 10.12 12 4005 1.4Cu Nb 4568 1.4372 ® Cr 24.4105 430F S43020 F 430 0.02 16.4424 – S31500 – 0.4829 309 S30900 – 0.8 0.1 904L 1.30 12.3 4878 1.4828 – – – 0.04 18.2 13.4841 ASTM 314 UNS S31400 ASTM A182 – C 0.5Si 1.01 0.4571 316Ti S31635 F 316Ti 0.9 10.04 16.5 4.27 25 7 4 W Cu 2507 1.02 18.2 16.75 1.5 13 4948 1.03 0.6 4571 1.3 12.6 1.1 8.3 12.5 Nb S 1.5 1.4547 – S31254 F 44 0.8 0.02 18.4438 317L S31703 F 317L 0.3 1.7 2.02 23 4.02 18.7 2.4835 – 0.6 4542 1.4568 631 S17700 – 0.06 22.01 0.6 4435 1. ingots and slabs .75 2.4162 – S32101 – 0.02 16.4301 304 S30400 F 304 0.4435 316L – – 0.08 16. % steel 4841 name EN 1.4662 – S82441 – 0.4833 309S S30908 – 0.6Si.10 1.

Stainless steel semi-finished material: billets. ingots and slabs . microstructure. size and finish are available to provide a bespoke product for our customers. 10 . Flexibility Our customers may have specific or non-standard requirements to optimize their production. blooms. With flexibility and customer focus. treatment. adjustments of the product chemistry. going back to the invention of stainless steel. • Machining guidelines give recommendations for different machining parameters. Support.Together: World-class expertise Technical support and R&D Outokumpu is built on 100 years of technical expertise in both product production and end-use. for both new and experienced users. • The Handbook of Stainless Steel contains useful information about stainless steel. Handbooks and brochures Outokumpu’s technical brochures and handbooks give useful advice regarding the end application as well as the manufacturing process: • The Outokumpu Corrosion Handbook has been published for nearly a century and contains a massive amount of corrosion data in different environments. advice and materials testing helps our customers. distributors and processors to select the most appropriate grade and manufacturing parameters to suit their specific needs.

11 . ingots and slabs Outokumpu Stainless Ltd PO Box 161 Europa Link Sheffield S91TZ United Kingdom Tel: +44 114 261 6000 Fax: +44 114 261 6184 sales.com Stainless steel semi-finished material:billets.com Rolled and forged billets Outokumpu Stainless AB Degerfors Stainless SE-69831 Degerfors Sweden Tel: +46 586 47000 Fax: +46 586 47008 sales. ingots andslabs . blooms. blooms.degerforslp@outokumpu.smacc@outokumpu.Contact Us: Billets.

com sales. March. Care has been taken to ensure that the contents of this publication are accurate but Outokumpu and its affiliated companies do not accept responsibility for errors or for information which is found to be misleading.smacc@outokumpu. . Centrumtryck AB Avesta. Working towards forever. Before using products supplied or manufactured by the company the customer should satisfy himself of their suitability. Because we believe in a world that lasts forever. sales.degerforslp@outokumpu. clean water and efficient infrastructure.com 1536EN-GB:1. 2014.We work with our customers and partners to create long lasting solutions for the tools of modern life and the world’s most critical problems: clean energy. Suggestions for or descriptions of the end use or application of products or methods of working are for information only and Outokumpu and its affiliated companies accept no liability in respect thereof.com outokumpu. Information given in this brochure may be subject to alterations without notice.