UPDATED DRAFT

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Constitutional Law One
First Semester, 2015-2016

Atty. Edilwasif T. Baddiri

Required Textbook
Bernas S.J., Fr. Joaquin (2011) The 1987 Philippine Constitution: A Comprehensive
Reviewer, Manila: Rex Book Store, Inc.
Bernas S.J., Fr. Joaquin (2003) The 1987 Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines: A
Commentary, Manila: Rex Book Store, Inc.
Nachura, Antonio (2006) Outline Reviewer in Political Law, Quezon City: VJ Graphil Arts,
Inc.
Classroom Policies
Students are expected to have read the assigned materials for the class sessions and will be
called for recitation.
Attendance is checked. University rules governing absences are observed.
Cell phones and other electronic devices must be kept in silent mode. Students must refrain
from using these devices during classroom sessions.
Plagiarism and cheating are grave offenses of intellectual dishonesty and are punishable by
university rules.
Consultation and discussion is available upon request of the student. Email me:
ebaddiri@gmail.com

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The 1987 Philippine Constitution
Definition
Classification
Essential Parts of the Philippine Constitution
Interpretation/Construction of the Philippine Constitution
Francisco v. House of Representatives, GR 160261, Nov. 10, 2003
Civil Liberties Union v. ES, 194 SCRA 317
Brief History
Malolos Constitution
1900 McKinley’s Instructions
Spooner Amendment
1902 Philippine Bill
1916 Jones Law (Philippine Autonomy Act)
Tydings-McDuffie Act (Philippine Independence Act)
1935 Constitution
Japanese Occupation Order No. 1 (Philippine Executive Commission)
1973 Constitution
Freedom Constitution
1987 Philippine Constitution
Important Constitutional Principles
Hierarchy of Laws
Supremacy of the Constitution
Separation of Powers Principle
Belgica v. ES, GR 208566, November 19, 2013: The principle of separation of powers refers
to the constitutional demarcation of the three fundamental powers of government. The
Constitution has given to the legislative branch, through Congress, the power to make laws,
to the executive branch, through the President, the power to enforce laws, and to the judicial
branch, through the Court, the power to interpret laws. By constitutional design, each
department of government has exclusive cognizance of matters within its jurisdiction, and is
supreme within its own sphere.
Checks and Balances Principle
Belgica v. ES, GR 208566, November 19, 2013: The Constitution has also provided for an
elaborate system of checks and balances to secure coordination in the workings of the various
departments of the government.203
A prime example of a constitutional check and balance would be the President’s power to
veto an item written into an appropriation, revenue or tariff bill submitted to him by Congress
for approval through a process known as "bill presentment."
Non-Delegation of Power

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Belgica v. ES, GR 208566, November 19, 2013: (With respect to legislative power Congress,
acting as a bicameral body, and the people, through the process of initiative and referendum,
may constitutionally wield legislative power and no other. This premise embodies the
principle of non-delegability of legislative power, and the only recognized exceptions thereto
would be: (a) delegated legislative power to local governments which, by immemorial
practice, are allowed to legislate on purely local matters; and (b) constitutionally-grafted
exceptions such as the authority of the President to, by law, exercise powers necessary and
proper to carry out a declared national policy in times of war or other national emergency,or
fix within specified limits, and subject to such limitations and restrictions as Congress may
impose, tariff rates, import and export quotas, tonnage and wharfage dues, and other duties or
imposts within the framework of the national development program of the Government.1
Notably, the principle of non-delegability should not be confused as a restriction to delegate
rule-making authority to implementing agencies for the limited purpose of either filling up
the details of the law for its enforcement (supplementary rule-making) or ascertaining facts to
bring the law into actual operation (contingent rule-making).199
Preamble
Article I: The National Territory
R.A. 9255 or the New Baselines Law of 2009.
1982 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea
Reagan v. Commissioner, 30 SCRA 968
People v. Gozo, 53 SCRA 476
Magallona v. Ermita, 655 SCRA 476
Article II: Declaration of Principles and State Policies
Legal Value of Article II
Tondo Medical v. CA, 527 SCRA 746 (2007)
Bases Conversion and Development Authority v. Commission on Audit, 580 SCRA 295
Section 1. Philippines as a Democratic and Republican State
Functions of Government
Bacani v. NACOCO, 100 PHIL 468 (1956)
ACCFA v. CUGCO, 30 SCRA 649 (1969)
PVTA v. CIR, 65 SCRA 416 (1975)
PHHC v Court of Industrial Relations, 150 SCRA 296
Spouses Fontanilla v. Hon. Maliaman, GR Nos. 55963, February 27, 1991
VFP v. Reyes, 483 SCRA 526 (2006)
Ramiscal v. Sandiganbayan, 499 SCRA 375 (2006)
Alzaga v. Sandiganbayan, 505 SCRA 848 (2006)
Javier v. Sandiganbayan, 599 SCRA 324 (2009)
MIAA v. CA, 495 SCRA 591 (2006)
Philippine Society v. COA, 534 SCRA 112 (2007)
Serana v. Sandiganbayan, 542 SCRA 224 (2008)

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De Jure and De Facto Government
Co Kim Cham v. Valdez Tan Keh, 75 PHIL 113 (1945)
In re Letter of Associate Justice Puno, 210 SCRA 588
Republic v. Sandiganbayan, GR No. 104768, July 21, 2003
Sovereignty
People v. Gozo, 53 SCRA 476 (1973)
Tanada v. Angara, 272 SCRA 18
Section 2. Generally Accepted Principles of International Law
Treaties and Agreeements
Agustin v. Edu, 88 SCRA 195
JBL Reyes v. Bagatsing, GR No. 65366, October 25, 1983
Tanada v. Angara, 272 SCRA 18 (1997)
Bayan v. Zamora, GR 138570, October 10, 2000
Bayan v. Romulo, GR 159618, Feb 1, 2011
Equal Standing of International Law and Municipal Law
Lim v. Executive Secretary, GR 151445, April 11, 2002
Shangri-La v. Developers, GR 159938, March 31, 2006
Philip Morris, Inc. v. Fortune Tobacco Corporation, GR 158589, June 27, 2006
Recognition of Foreign Judgments
Mijares v. Ranada, GR 139325, April 12, 2005
Soft Law
Pharmaceutical v. DOH, GR 173034, October 9, 2007
Section 3. Civilian Supremacy and AFP Role
IBP v. Zamora, 338 SCRA 81 (2000)
Kulayan v. Tan, 675 SCRA 482 (2012)
Section 4. Duty of Government to the People
Section 5. Maintenance of Peace and Order
Kilosbayan v. Morato, 246 SCRA 540 (1995) and MR 250 SCRA 130
Kulayan v. Tan, 675 SCRA 482 (2012)
Section 6. Separation of Church and State
United Church of Christ in the Philippines, Inc v. Bradford United Church of Christ, Inc 674
SCRA 92 (2012)
Section 7. Independent Foreign Policy
Lim v. Executive Secretary, GR 151445, April 11, 2002
Section 8. Freedom from Nuclear Weapons
Bayan v. Zamora, GR 138570, October 10, 2000
Section 9. Social Order

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Science and Technology. 674 SCRA 555 (2012) Section 21. 197 SCRA 252 Boy Scouts of the Philippines v. Wade. 262 US 510 (1925) Wisconsin v. Unborn Roe v. 191 SCRA 205 Boracay Foundation. 224 SCRA 792 (1993) LLDA v. Community-Based Private Organizations 5 . GR 190779 March 26. Self-Reliant and Independent National Economy Garcia v. v. New York. Labor Protection PNB v. Yoder 40 LW 4476 (1972) Ginsberg v. 272 SCRA 18 (1997) Section 20. Role of Women and Equality of Men and Women Section 15. Arts. Promotion of Rights of Indigenous Cultural Communities Section 23. Family Life. 2008 Boracay Foundation. April 8. 390 US 629 (1968) Orceo v. 674 SCRA 555 (2012) Section 17. 2014 Section 16. Mother. GR 180849. GR 204819. 2010 Imbong v. 410 US 113 (1973) Meyer v. 191 SCRA 288 (1990) Tanada v. Gamboa v. PAGCOR. Ochoa. GR No. GR 204819. April 8. Promotion of Comprehensive Rural and Agrarian Policy Wilson P. BOI. Factoran. Ochoa. Dan Padao. Finance Secretary Margarito Teves. Society of Sisters. Inc. v. 262 US 390 (1922) Pierce v. The Province of Aklan. Social Justice Section 11. COMELEC. Angara. Education. The Province of Aklan. Culture and Sports Section 18. 231 SCRA 292 (1994) and 251 SCRA 42 (1995) MMDA v. November 2011 Section 19.Section 21 is not self-executing. et al GR 176579 June 28. CA. 2011 Section 14. June 7. Reyes. Right to Health Imbong v. Inc. GR 177131. Personal Dignity and Human Rights Section 12. Role of Private Sector Marine Radio Communications Association of the Philippines v. thus need for CARL) Section 22. Residents of Manila Bay. December 18. Vital Role of Youth Basco v. 2014 Section 13. 171947. Right to a Balanced and Healthful Ecology Oposa v.Section 10. 2011 (See Dissent of Abad. COA. Nebraska.

GR 181881 Philippine Savings Bank and Pascual Garcia III v. the 2013 PDAF Article as well as all other similar forms of Congressional Pork Barrel is deemed unconstitutional. Navarro. Legislative Power. 2012 In Re: Production of Court Records. Equal Access to Political Opportunities and Political Dynasties Pamatong v. Zamora 471 SCRA 329 6 . GR 200238. 427 SCRA 96 (2004) Belgica v. Full Public Disclosure Neri v. ES 2013: With PDAF. ES 2013 Section 27. and even take sole credit for its execution. Local Economy Rodolfo G. Chairperson Karina David. this type of personality-driven project identification has not only contributed little to the overall development of the district. Garcia v. but has even contributed to "further weakening infrastructure planning and coordination efforts of the government. Feb 9.Provincial Board of Mindoro 39 Phil. 660 Antipolo Realty Corp. Finance Secretary Teves Briccio Pollo v. insofar as individual legislators are authorized to intervene in purely local matters and thereby subvert genuine local autonomy. 2008 Wilson P. Senate Impeachment Court. Angales. a Congressman can simply bypass the local development council and initiate projects on his own. Regional/Local legislative power 3. NHA 153 SCRA 399 PITC v. et al. Honesty and Integrity in Public Service Section 28. et al. Non-Delegation Who may exercise legislative power? 1." Thus. Congress 2. Indeed. Vital Role of Communications PLDT v. In general: LGU and Administrative Bodies Rubi v. (Section 25 as part of IRR of LGU provision on local autonomy) Belgica v. GR 180643. v. Senate. March 25. GR 180050. COMELEC. 14 February 2012 Article VI: The Legislative Department Section 1. People’s initiative on statutes a) Initiative and referendum 4. NTC. 190 SCRA 717 Section 25. GR 108461 Atitiw v. v..Section 24. The President under a martial law rule or in a revolutionary government General Rule: Non-Delegation of Legislative Power Exception. Section 26. 12 April 2011. Delegation to local governments and administrative bodies Grant of Quasi-Legislative Power. Executive Secretary Eduardo Ermita.

Dangerous Drug Board 570 SCRA 410 Pacific Steam v. Purisima Philippine Coconut v. CA 278 SCRA 696 Social Justice Society v. CA. 2012 7 . Edu 88 SCRA 1 Free Telephone Workers v. Article VI. Orbos. 11 SCRA 327 (1908) US v. 245 SCRA 253 Rodrigo v. Ermita 469 SCRA 1 Beltran v. Dacuycuy. Sandiganbayan. Office of the Deputy Executive Secretary.g. e. Drilon. Ochoa. 562 SCRA 251 (2008) Filling in the Details Fernandez v. Section 23(2) and 28(2) Issue on Delegation of Legislative Power Valid delegation Requisite of a valid delegation Agustin v. Panlilio. LLDA 608 SCRA 442 Fixes a Standard People v. Gutierez 152 SCRA 730 Conference v. Sto. of Labor 108 SCRA 757 Guingona v. 681 SCRA 181 (2012) Undue Delegation People v. 79 SCRA 450 (1977) People v. Barrias. POEA 166 SCRA 533 Tablarin v.. 28 PHIL 608 (1914) People v. DOH (2007) Abakada v. 527 SCRA 746 (2007) Pichay v. Tomas. POEA 243 SCRA 666 Osmeña v. Vera. Min. DOJ. 176 SCRA 24 (1989) Ynot v.SEC v. 309 SCRA 661 Tondo Medical v. Ermita 488 SCRA 226 Abakada v. Carague 196 SCRA 221 Imbong v. Gatmaitan 101 Phil 328 Marcos v. 148 SCRA 659 (1987) Pharmaceutical v. GR 204819. Orbos 220 SCRA 703 Viola v. Rosenthal 68 Phil 628 Eastern Shipping Lines v. Alunan 277 SCRA 409 Abakada v. Purisima. Maceren. April 8. 677 SCRA 408 (2012) Arroyo v. Secretary of Health 476 SCRA 168 Bayan v. GR 178193. January 24. 65 PHIL 56 US v. Republic. 242 SCRA 192 Chiongbian v. IAC. 2014 Complete in Itself Arena v. 173 SCRA 90 (1989) Cebu Oxygen v. Interport 567 SCRA 354 In instances allowed by the Constitution.

November 17. Executive Misapplication Tatad v. GR 203766. Senator: Term of Office.3. COMELEC GR 147589 Veterans Federation Party v. COMELEC 427 SCRA 712 Partido ng Manggagawa v. Apportionment. 281 SCRA 330 (1997) and MR 282 SCRA 337 (1997) Mere Directive Dagan v. Voluntary Renunciation Section 5. ES 2013: The Court agrees with petitioners that the phrase "and for such other purposes as may be hereafter directed by the President" under Section 8 of PD 910 constitutes an undue delegation of legislative power insofar as it does not lay down a sufficient standard to adequately determine the limits of the President‘s authority with respect to the purpose for which the Malampaya Funds may be used. Guardians v. COMELEC 666 SCRA 321 Magdalo c. 1999 8 . COMELEC 484 SCRA 671 Citizens v. allows him to unilaterally appropriate public funds beyond the purview of the law. Party-List Representation Ang Bagong Bayani v. COMELEC GR 189466 Ang Ladlad v.. COMELEC GR 190529 BANAT v. COMELEC 523 SCRA 1 Phil. PRC. COMELEC 242 SCRA 415 Herrera v. Composition of the House of Representatives. As it reads. COMELEC 673 SCRA 651 Atong Paglaum et. Abalos 239 SCRA 106 Mariano v.Belgica v. and 4. COMELEC 558 SCRA 700 Rules on Apportionment (1) In accordance with the number of their respective inhabitants and on the basis of a uniform and progressive ratio Montejo v. COMELEC 586 SCRA 210 Albayon v. al. the said phrase gives the President wide latitude to use the Malampaya Funds for any other purpose he may direct and. COMELEC GR 136781 AKLAT v. Qualifications of Senator Section 4. COMELEC 521 SCRA 524 Bantay v. COMELEC 242 SCRA 211 Sema v. Secretary DOE. Rules on Apportionment Reapportionment through Special Law Tobias v. COMELEC GR 131499. Senate Composition Section 3. 1. COMELEC GR 190582 Layug v. in effect. 2. 2013 Pars. 578 SCRA 585 (2009) Section 2. April 12. Party List Par.

10. Privilege from Arrest. 2009 Section 8. COMELEC. 18 SCRA 300 (1966) Section 11. GR No. 2010 Navarro v. 1999 Fernandez v. 2011 (4) Following the return of every census. Parliamentary Freedom of Speech Privilege from Arrest People v. Dangerous Drugs Board. GR No. GR 147387 (Dec.(2) Contiguous. 2001 Domicile and Residence Aquino v. Special Elections Tolentino v. Mathay. Executive Secretary. COMELEC. November 17. 189698. GR 134015 (July 19. Cruz. De Venecia GR No. GR 133944. COMELEC GR 189793. 2010 Aquino v.Regular Elections Codilla v. GR 142840. 2008 Section 7. Term of Representatives Dimaporo v. COMELEC. 1999) Perez v. 243 SCRA 400 (1995) Marcos v. Aguirre 315 SCRA 53 Herrera v. Qualifications of Representatives Citizenship Bengzon v. COMELEC GR 176970 Section 6. 556 SCRA 471 9 . COMELEC. COMELEC. 202 SCRA 779 Farinas v. HRET. Congress shall make a reapportionment Bagabuyo v. Salaries Philconsa v. compact and adjacent territory (3) Population size Samson v. April 12. 150605. 15 SCRA 7 Social Justice Society v. 1999 Aldaba v. October 28. January 25. May 7. 157870. 2003) Quinto v. COMELEC GR 188078. Jalosjos. Borra. December 1. 324 SCRA 689 Trillanes v. GR 148334. April 17. 608 SCRA 733 (2009) Additional Qualifications Maquera v. COMELEC. Pimentel. 248 SCRA 300 (1995) Domino v. December 10. COMELEC GR 131499. Mitra. November 3. January 21. 2004 Section 10. Ermita GR 180050. 2002 Section 9.

Journal/Records Officers of Congress Defensor-Santiago v. Prohibitions Related to the Practice of Profession Puyat v. Pendatun. Disclosure of Financial and Business Interests Section 13. 18 October 2011 Internal Rules and Discipline Arroyo v. July 15. Avelino 77 Phil. 113 SCRA 31 Section 15. 863 [1960] Santiago v. De Guzman. Discipline. Sandiganbayan – 356 SCRA 636 Duty to Keep Journals and Records US v. 134 [1936] Pre-proclamation controversies v. Defensor Santiago. GR 196271. Regular Session. Electoral Tribunal Jurisdiction of Electoral Tribunal Nature and Power Angara v.Parliamentary Freedom of Speech Jimenez v. Cuenco .109 Phil. COMELEC – 594 SCRA 434 [2009] Aquino v. COMELEC – 585 SCRA 557 [2009] Limkaichong v.277 SCRA 268 [1997] Osmeña v. Election Contests. Judges Assn. Subido – 27 SCRA 131 [1969] Astorga v. Pons – 34 Phil. When Proper Election Contest Vera v. Villegas – 56 SCRA 714 [1974] Phil.7 SCRA 347 [1963] Morales v. August 25. Special Session Section 16. COMELEC -243 SCRA 400 [1995] 10 . 1998 Meaning of “a quorum to do business” and “compulsion to attend” Avelino v. GR No. 17 SCRA 876 (1966) Antonino v. 729 [1916] Casco Phil.83 Phil. Gordon. 2009 Section 14. Prado -227 SCRA 703 Abakada v. Cabangbang. Guingona GR 134577 November 18. Ermita 469 SCRA 1 Section 17. v. Commercial Co. Valencia. Scope of inquiry . Senate of the Philippines. Officers of Congress. Quorom. 7399. 17 [1949] People v. 57 SCRA 70 Pobre v.324 SCRA 689 Datu Michael Abas Kida v. De Venecia . Electoral Commission – 63 Phil. 2009 Section 12. Gimenez . Jalosjos . HRET – 469 SCRA 681 [2005] Seneres v. Prohibitions on Members of Congress Liban v. 175352. AC No. 192 [1946] Roces v. v.

August 24. HRET 593 SCRA 316 [2010] Section 18. 2010 Garcia v. COMELEC – 211 SCRA 315 [1991] Composition Abbas v.203 SCRA 767 11 . Coop.155 SCRA 421 [1991] Requisites Bengzon v. O. COMELEC – 449 SCRA 400 [2005] Barbers v. HRET – GR 141489. July 31. Inquiries in Aid of Legislation Power of Inquiry Senate v. SET – 166 SCRA 651 [1988] Pimentel v. November 29.Perez v. October 28. 2002 Independence Bondoc v. Singson. HRET – GR 149380. Gonzales. March 26. Ermita. MR. II Elec. 2000 Abayon v. Sangguniang Panlungsod. HRET – GR 190734. 180055. Mitra. 187 SCRA 377 (1990) Guingona v. HRET – 181 SCRA 780 [1990] Arroyo v.488 SCRA 1 [2006] Gudani v. 219 SCRA 326 (1993) Drilon. COMELEC – GR 179431-32 Sema v. COMELEC – GR 134142. 180 SCRA 496 (1989) Coseteng v. HRET – 246 SCRA 384 [1995] Lerias v. February 11. 2000 Villarosa v. HRET – GR 143351. HRET – GR 134792. 214 SCRA 789 (1992). July 26. Commission on Appointments Daza v. COMELEC – GR 133944. 2002 Lokin v. Constitutions of the Electoral Tribunal and the Commission on Appointments Section 20. August 12. Records and Books of Accounts Section 21. 2009 Section 19. 1999 Guerero v. July 3. Speaker. COMELEC – 460 SCRA 569 [2005] Rasul v. v. Senate Blue Ribbon Committee. et al v. GR No. Pineda – 201 SCRA 792 [1991] Action/Decision Robles v. HRET – 202 SCRA 808 [1991] Sandoval v. 1999 Aggabao v. Senga. 1999 Pre-proclamation controversy Chavez v.498 SCRA 671 [2006] Nature and Essence Neg. September 14. 2010 Duenas v. COMELEC – GR 137004. HRET – GR 189466.

Respect for the Rights of Persons Appearing In or Affected by Such Inquires Neri v. Nazareno. 2004 Appropriation of Public Revenue for Public Purpose Pascual v. June 7. Executive Secretary.1âwphi1 In particular. Carague. 2008 3. Senate. Rules on Appropriation Limits on Power to Appropriate 12 . Secretary of Public Works. Senate.579 SCRA 521 [2009] Romero v.110 PHIL. Sec.541 SCRA 456 [2007] De la Paz v. Phil. 2011 Sec. In aid of legislation Standard v. GR 190259.504 SCRA 704 [2006] Sec. Hon. Bills Originating in the House of Representatives Guingona v. Declaration of a State of War. congressional oversight must be confined to the following: (1) scrutiny based primarily on Congress‘ power of appropriation and the budget hearings conducted in connection with it. Secretary of Finance. 23.196 SCRA 221 [1991] Tolentino v.292 SCRA 695 [1998] Southern Cross Cement v. Puno.583 SCRA 396 [2009] 2.87 PHIL.GR 170338. Any action or step beyond that will undermine the separation of powers guaranteed by the Constitution. In Accordance with Duly Published Rules of Procedure Garcillano v. Gordon. House. December 23. 22 Appearance of Heads of Departments in Congress Senate v.1. Cement. Emergency Powers Delegation of Emergency Powers SANLAKAS v.235 SCRA 630 [1994] Alvarez v. its power to ask heads of departments to appear before and be heard by either of its Houses on any matter pertaining to their departments and its power of confirmation. and (2) investigation and monitoring of the implementation of laws pursuant to the power of Congress to conduct inquiries in aid of legislation. 421 SCRA 656 [2004] Ampatuan v. 24. Ermita. Executive Secretary 2013: (Quoting Abakada case) Any post-enactment congressional measure x x x should be limited to scrutiny and investigation. Guingona. Estrada. GR 158540.564 SCRA 152 [2008] Power to Punish a Person Under Investigation Arnault v. 25 [1950] Sabio v.488 SCRA 1 [2006] Belgica v. Senate. DILG Sec. July 8. 331 [1960-1961] Sec. 25.

GR 147387. COA. 29 January 2013.191 SCRA 452 [1990] Bengzon v. Comelec. NPC. Dec. of DOE. June 15.281 SCRA 330 [1997] De Guzman v. 18 October 2011 Imbong v. 196425.R. GR 196271. 2003 Transfer of Funds Demetria v. 2014 Sec.469 SCRA 1 and MR [Sept.232 SCRA 219 [1994] Nazareth v. 2004 Prohibition of Increase Prohibition on “riders” in appropriation bills Garcia v. Ochoa.104 SCRA 710 [1981] Tio v. October 26.15 SCRA 479 [1965] Alalayan v. COMELEC. Office of the Deputy Executive Secretary. 30. GR 163193.235 SCRA 630 [1994] Tobias v.185 SCRA 329 [1990] Gonzales v. 188635.Brillantes v. G. 209287. 10. De Venecia.6 SCRA 418 [1962] Philconsa v. Sept. Senate of the Philippines. 689 SCRA 385 Pichay v. 2005 Farinas v. v. April 8. 2005] BANAT v. Procedure in Passage of Bills. GR 146319. 2005 & Oct.239 SCRA 106 [1994] Tatad v. Prado. Villar.151 SCRA 208 [1987] Phil. COMELEC. No. Macaraig. No. Drilon. GR 143374. 2001 Abakada v. GR No. Ermita. 1. Secretary of Finance.595 SCR 477 [2009] Datu Michael Abas Kida v. 18. 277 SCRA 268 [1997] Abakada v. Cabatuando.469 SCRA 1 Presidential Veto CIR v . President Aquino III.Subject and Title of Bills. Ermita. Vediogram Regulatory Board. Item Veto Passage of Bills Arroyo v. 26.227 SCRA 703 [1993] Tolentino v. CTA. 27.208 SCRA 133 [1992] Philconsa v. Alba. Zamora. 24 July 2012. Comelec. July 1.148 SCRA 208 [1987] Liga v. Executive Secretary.CTA. Three Readings General Prohibition of “Riders” Cordero v. Abalos.552 SCRA 471 Araullo v.24 SCRA 172 [1968] Insular Lumber Company v. Enriquez. Enriquez. Mata. Judges Assn. 2014 Sec. Gimenez. 677 SCRA 408 Philconsa v. GR 204819.65 SCRA [1975] Atitiw v. G.235 SCRA 506 [1994] Item Veto 13 . Sec.R.235 SCRA 506 Sanchez v.

Special Funds Fiscal Powers of Congress Pascual v. Sec. without a proper line-item which the President may veto Sec. 28. 2013: For the President to exercise his item-veto power. of Finance.477 SCRA 324 [2005] John Hay People’s Alternative Coalition v. Mabunay. Oct. September 18. Hon. Aquino. January 20."211 This treatment not only allows the item to be consistent with its definition as a "specific appropriation of money" but also ensures that the President may discernibly veto the same. GR 138570. GR No. 2004 Abakada v.235 SCRA 506 Tan v. Lingayen Gulf – 164 SCRA 27 Tolentino v.261 SCRA 236 [1996] CIR v. what beckons constitutional infirmity are appropriations which merely provide for a singular lump-sum amount to be tapped as a source of funding for multiple purposes. 2005 Exemptions Abra Valley College v. 2000 Guingona v. 13. 2002 Araullo v. CA.GR 151992. Oct. Republic Planters Bank. President Aquino III. GR 106064. QC. Del Rosario. 2004 Sec.2000 Republic v.469 SCRA 1 [2005] Spouses Constantino v. Taxation Scope and Purpose Planters v. Secretary of Public Works. July 8. 24. Cuisia. 2003 Lung Center v.169 SCRA 221 [1991] COMELEC v. Limitations. Since such appropriation type necessitates the further determination of both the actual amount to be expended and the actual purpose of the appropriation which must still be chosen from the multiple purposes stated in the law.158 SCRA 626 [1988] 14 . July 1. otherwise known as a "line-item. 209287. Fiscal Powers of Congress. Quijano. GR 119775. GR 144104. Ermita. GR 158540.110 PHIL. ES.548 SCRA 485 Limitations on the Power: Uniform and Equitable CIR v. it necessarily follows that there exists a proper "item" which may be the object of the veto.237 SCRA 324 [1994] Progressive System Delegated Tax Legislation Southern Cross Cement v. Zamora. 29. 331 [1960-1961] MIAA v. City of Kidapawan. it cannot be said that the appropriation law already indicates a "specific appropriation of money‖ and hence.GR 126151. Carague. An item of appropriation must be an item characterized by singular correspondence – meaning an allocation of a specified singular amount for a specified singular purpose. Lim. Fertiphil. Cement. Phil.Belgica v. June 29. October 10. 2014 Special Funds Gaston v.162 SCRA 106 [1988] Bayan v.

418 US 683 [1974] Almonte v . de Leon.220 SCRA 703 [1993] Philippine Coconut v. Makasiar 167 SCRA 393 [1988] 15 . April 20. Ermita.GR 130716.Osmena v.O. CA.237 SCRA 519 [1994] Diaz v. Lapid. Senate. CA. December 9. March 25. Manglapus.637 SCRA 78 [2010] Executive Privilege US v. Truth Commission. 2008 Immunity from Suit Soliven v. Privileges. Desierto. July 16. 31. Nixon.187 SCRA 797 [1990] Review Center v. 32.618 SCRA 499 [2010] Invalid Exercise Laurel v. September 16. Titles of Royalty and Nobility Sec.177 SCRA 668 [1989] Example of exercise Valid Exercise Philconsa v. GR 133954.Vasquez. Desierto. 464] Neri v.Santiago v.262 SCRA 492 [1996] Defensor.663 SCRA 514 [2012] Sec.240 SCRA 746 [1995] Chavez v. 2006 Article VII: Executive Department Section 1.GR 169659. PCGG. Initiative and Referendum Garcia v.GR 180643. COA. 30.238 SCRA 785 [1994] Fabian v. 326 SCRA 355 [2000] Tirol v. Orbos.483 SCRA 83 [2006] Banda v. 1998 Pontejos v. Ombudsman. Domingo.270 SCRA 106 [1997] Lambino v. 2000 Cabrera v.244 SCRA 286 [1995] Senate v. GR 174153.510 SCRA 55 [2006] Sec. 2006 [E. Immunities Scope of Power Marcos v. 1998 Villavert v.GR 170516.235 SCRA 506 [1994] Webb v. Garcia. COMELEC.247 SCRA 652 Djumantan v. Appellate Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court First Lepanto Ceramics v. Executive Power. GR 129742. GR 174299. August 3.583 SCRA 42 [2009] Biraogo v. Ermita. Aquino. Ermita. COMELEC. COMELEC. Republic. 2008 Akbayan v. COMELEC. 237 SCRA 279 (1994) SBMA v. Enriquez. October 25.

G. Ramos. COMELEC. March 2. 002. Cuisia. Vice President Section 4. Salary Section 7. Term Limits and Canvass Anson-Roa v. March 24. 353 SCRA 452. Vacancy at the Beginning of the Term of the Presidency Section 8.Presidential Controversies Defensor. PET. Qualifications of the President Tecson v. Desierto.253 SCRA 559 [1996] Tecson v. 161434. Fitzgerald 457 US 800 [1982] Clinton v. Vacancy During the Term of the Presidency Estrada v. No.Harlow v. Arroyo. SCRA 108. CA. Desierto. 2001 and MR. 2000 Estrada v. Arroyo. 2004 Congress as National Board of Canvassers Brillantes v. 356 SCRA 108. MR. Pet Case No. March 29. 353 SCRA 452. Oath Section 6. COMELEC.GR 119903. June 8. Vacancies in Both the Presidency and the Vice Presidency Section 11. 2004 Section 3.R. Estrada. March 3. GR 177508. 2010 Section 5. August 31. June 22. GMA.635 SCRA 783 [2010] Term Limit on the President Pormento v.April 3. Lim.472 SCRA 505 [2005] Section 2. 2001 David v. COMELEC. February 6. 2004 Lopez v. Incapacity of the President Estrada v. Official Residence. Jones 520 US 681 [1997] Gloria v. 356.GR 163556.GR 163783. 2001 16 . 2004 BANAT v. Vacancy in the Vice Presidency Section 10. et al v. August 7.GR 146740-15 and GR 146738.289 SCRA 162 [2006] The Cabinet Constantino v. 2001 Section 9. Macapagal-Arroyo. August 15.Santiago v. GR 162384. 2009 Breaking President or Vice-President Tie Presidential or Vice. Joint Committee. Desierto.424 SCRA 277 [2005] Poe v. MR. 2001. 2001 Lozano. 2001. 2005 Macalintal v.432 SCRA [2005] Pimentel v. Senate. GR 191988. Election.

191002. November 27. reconsideration. Judicial and Bar Council. GR 15655657.232 SCRA 553 [1994] Manolo v. no.612 SCRA 308 [2010] Enrique U. G. Endriga. 223 SCRA 568. 2004 Public Interest Group v. The Board of Directors. Nov. No. 1998 De la Rama v. 138965.224 738 [1993] Flores v. 2010 and May 1. 98-5-01-SC. Ermita. GR 138489. Mendieta.194 SCRA 317 [1991] Flores v.GR 131429 [August 4. February 2012 Kinds of Presidential Appointments Pimentel v. 1993 Bitonio v. 2010 Section 16. COA.177 SCRA 259 [1989] Pobre v.GR 104732. Secretary.221 SCRA 680 [1993] Tarrosa v.R. 04 October 2011 Other Prohibitions Doromal v. March 12. Salonga. GR No. Drilon. AM No. 2004 17 .312 SCRA 239 [1999] Soriano v. Power to Appoint. Singson.Deles v. Sandiganbayan. Drilon. 2001 De Castro v. Feb. Sistoza.Section 12. Exec. Commission on Appointments Nature of the Appointing Power Government v. 1999] Datu Michael Abas Kida v. Lista. Senate of the Philippines. Mison. 1993 Rufino v.156 SCRA 549 [1987] Bautista v.172 SCRA 1260 [1989] Quintos.177 SCRA 354 [1989] Section 14. 2006 De la Cruz v. G. Springer. GR 153881. March 24. 9. GR 196271. 131136. CA. NLRC. Appointments of Acting President Section 15. 147392. April 20.50 PHIL 259 [1927] Bermudez v. Exec. Elma.471 SCRA 587 [2005] Scope of the Power of the Commission on Appointments Sarmiento III v. COA. Betoy v. CA. Carale.496 SCRA 13 [2006] Congress Requiring Confirmation by the Commission on Appointments on Other Appointments Calderon v. 28. Ermita. Secretary. GR No.208 SCRA 254 [1992] U-sing v. Embroidery & Apparel Control Board. Prohibitions Rafael v. June 22. Prohibited Appointments In Re Appointments of Valenzuela and Vallarta. National Power Corporation.21 SCRA 336 [1967] CLU v. Serious Illness of the President Section 13. June 30. 2001 Funa v.R.

Feb. 1998 PASEI v. Senga. Romulo. 175787. GR 147780-81. Pano 21 SCRA 395.Intern Appointments and Temporary Appointments Pimentel v. Sandiganbayan. Aug. 14047.GR 131367. GR 142283. 2002 Domingo v. DENR Employees. Gaite.487 SCRA 623 [2006] Tondo Medical Center Employees v.431 SCRA 534 [2004] KMU v. 2000 Lacson v. 170165. Macaraig. 160093. 2007 Malaria Employees v. CA. May 10. Castillo 9 SCRA 619. 147799 and 1477810. February 3. 2006 Phillips Seafood v. Zamora. GR 141284. December 7. 6. Ver. GR 152259. GR No. 2001 Sanlakas v. GR 171396. 2009 Biraogo v. May 3. BOI. Lim 235 SCRA 135. GR No. 160 SCRA 590 IBP v. COA. 19. 2000 Dadole v. L-25373. Commission on Audit. Torres-225 SCRA 417 [1993] De Leon v. February 4. GR No. GR No. GR 164978. 1969 Drilon v. Bunag. Executive Secretary.605 SCRA 409 [2009] Boy Scouts of the Philippines v. 2010 Angeles v. SBMA. July 31. GR No. 192935. GR No. Ermita. 171409. President’s Powers as Commander in Chief Lansang vs. Garcia. 2003 Romualdez v. 1994 Joson v. Jr 197 SCRA 771 Roque v. July 17. Torres 290 SCRA 279. Perez. GR No. July 14. Truth Commission. Executive Clemency 18 . May 2006 David v. Arroyo. August 31. 1967 Maceda v. 5. 1976 Ang-Angco v.235 SCRA 135 [1994] Faithful Execution Clause PRA v. 149724.Recess or Ad. 2003 DENR v. 07 June 2011 Power of Supervision Drilon v. 2007 Orosa v. Carpio. Roa. Dir. GR No. March 20. 167324. October 13. Puno. 2004 David v. 2004 Section 18. Arca 29 SCRA 648. August 15. GR No. GR No. GR 143784. July 1. 2006 Ampatuan v. 159085. of NEDA. 2003 Villaluz v. April 15. 3. July 29.2012 Section 19. Lim. Director of Lands. 2006 Gudani v.-Gen. 2005 Section 17. 42 SCRA 448 Aberca v. Zamora. Executive Secretary. Zaldivar. Macapagal-Arroyo. Feb. Power of Control Lacson-Magallanes v. GR 190293.178 SCRA 457 [1989] Hutchison v. Dec. GR 177131. Ermita. 15 SCRA 710 Chavez v. 125350. 1963 NAMARCO v. 651 SCRA 228 Fortun v.

619 SCRA 533 [2010] Article VIII: Judicial Department Section 1. COA 226 SCRA 356 [1993] Sabello v. Judicial Power Definition and Scope Marbury v. Department of Education. GR 106064. Factoran 170 SCRA 190 [1989] Garcia v. Executive Secretary.9 SCRA 230 [1963] World Health Organization v. 103567. 87687. Salle. 1995 Garcia v. DOH. 2000 Abaya v. 1999 Section 20. 429 [1950] In re Laureta – 148 SCRA 382 [1987] In re Borromeo – 241 SCRA 405 [1995] 19 . COA. October 13. 226 SCRA 356.Purpose of Executive Clemency Cristobal v. Romulo. 2000 Pimentel v. Casido 269 SCRA 360 [1997] Pardon: Nature and Legal Effects Monsanto v. December 4. 48 SCRA 242 Bayan v. December 26. April 11. 2002 Secretary of Justice v. Jr GR No.315 SCRA 720 (2007) Pharmaceutical v. 2005 Section 21. Executive Secretary.250 SCRA 581 [1995] People v. 132601. 162230. 105 PHIL 1030. 641 SCRA 244 Other Foreign Affairs Power Vinuya v. Jan 19. GR No. Orbos 202 SCRA 844 [1991] People v. Salle. 17. GR No. Romulo.GR 173034. Foreign Loans Spouses Constantino v. of Justice. 151445. October 9. 2010 Bayan Muna v. CA 202 SCRA 378 [1991] Torres v. Executive Secretary. Oct. Agregado – 86 Phil. Cuisia. Judge Lantion. 139465. Sec. Aquino. Treasurer. 343 SCRA 449. Baustista – 32 SCRA 188 [1970] Radiowealth v. Ebdane. April 28. 2005 Lim v. 2007 Vinuya v. GR No. Labrador 71 PHIL 34 [1940-1941] Constitutional Limits on Executive Clemency Llamas v. 1989 People v. Gonzales 152 SCRA 272 [1987] People v. Hechanova. GR No. Madison – Cranch 137 [1803] Santiago v. Executive Secretary Zamora. Foreign Relations: Senate Concurrence in International Agreements USAFFE Veterans Association v. Bacang 260 SCRA 44 [1996] Drilon v. GR No. 1959 Gonzales v. 1993 Echegaray v.

107 PHIL 632 Santiago. Lim.Echegaray v. GR 134577. COMELEC – GR 152295. 1997 Tatad v.. et al. COMELEC – GR 146319. Republic.M. COMELEC – 242 SCRA 211 [1995] PPI v COMELEC -224 SCRA 272 SBMA v. Leuterio.677 SCRA 408 [2012] Limits Manila Electric Co. GR 119775. GR 153809. et al. Angara – 272 SCRA 18 [1997] Arroyo v. No. G. Fertiphil – 548 SCRA 485 [2008] RE: Letter to UP Law Faculty…. 2011 Pichay v. 10. January 19. 10-10-4-C. March 2. No. GR 169042. 160261.289 SCRA 337 [1998] Miranda v. Loyola. Teehankee – 23 SCRA 405 [1968] Erdito Quarto v. Pasay Transit Co. COMELEC . 10 November 2003 Grave Abuse of Discretion PCGG v. Secretary of Justice – GR 132601. Domingo – 240 SCRA 746 [1995] Mariano v. Manglapus – 177 SCRA 668 [1989] Daza v.. GR 132120 . October 24. Desierto – GR 146740-15. De Venecia -277 SCRA 268 [1997] CIR v. 2003 20 . 27 July 2011 Advisory Opinions Channie Tan v. v. A. Honorable Ombudsman Simeon Marcelo. DOE – 281 SCRA 330 [1997] Telecom v.418 US 683 [1974] Marcos v. Guingona. Roy M. 2001 Montesclaros v. September 16. November 18. 57 Phil. 1999 Cutaran v. Santos – 277 SCRA 617 [1997] Garcia-Rueda v. Feb. COMELEC – 262 SCRA 492 [1996] Tanada v. Aguirre – GR 133064. Tolentino v. Belisario – 596 SCRA 31 [2009] Eloisa L. 91 PHIL 482 Director of Prisons v. 60 [1932-1933] Noblejas v. Desierto – 548 SCRA 295 [2008] Reyes v. Atty. 05 October 2011 Principle of Judicial Restraint Francisco Jr v. 32 SCRA 188 Felipe v. 2001 and MR April 3. House of Representatives. Jr v. Singson – 180 SCRA 496 [1989] Garcia v. Pascasio – 278 SCRA 769[1997] Defensor-Santiago v. June 7. October 23. 2002 John Hay Peoples Alternative Coalition v. Scheer – 421 SCRA 468 [2004] Presidential Ad Hoc v. Electoral Commission. 2001 Cawaling v. Desierto.R. Bautista. DENR – 350 SCRA 697 [2001] Estrada v. Ang Cho Kio – 33 SCRA 494 [1970] Justiciable Controversy Angara v. Nixon. 63 Phil 134 US v. Office of the Deputy Executive Secretary . 1999 Planters v. July 9. 2003 Domingo v. BOI – 191 SCRA 288 [1990] Djumantan v.

In re. 4. 127245. 208 SCRA 133 (1992) In re clarifying and strengthening the Philippine Judicial Academy – 481 SCRA 1 RE: Petition for the recognition of the exemption of GSIS. Par. A. 08-2-01-0. 90 days De Castro v. CA.M. 2006 Garcia v.M. 2003 SMART v. 05 April 2011. NHA – 224 SCRA 236 [1993] Tano v. GR 164195. GR No. Modification of Doctrine Fortich v. 1997 People v. 3. Garcia – 527 SCRA 495 [2007] Apo Fruits Corporation and Hijo Plantation. Derivative. August 12. Social Justice Society. Composition. 16. February 11. Jan.Velarde v. Inc v. 2. GR 159357. Inc (PAL). Jan. April 20. Mendoza Re: G.. 2004 Firestone Ceramics v. 13 March 2012 21 . CA -179 SCRA 136 [1989] Malaga v. Sept 29. 2003 People v. August 19. April 8. Philippine Airlines. April 28. No. NTC. No. PET – 635 SCRA 783 [2010] Sec. 2011 – 614 SCRA 1 Plenary Judicial Power. Land Bank of the Philippines. Power of Legislative Apportion Jurisdiction Mantruste Systems v. GR 131471. 11-10-1-SC. Executive Secretary – 583 SCRA 119 [2009] Imbong v. 2003 Buac v. Penachos – 213 SCRA 516 [1992] Lupangco v. GR 151908. Ebio. No. 2010 In re COA Opinion on Computation of Appraised Value of Properties -678 SCRA 1 [2012] Sec. COMELEC -460 SCRA 291 Senate v. Dy. JBC – 615 SCRA 666 [2010] Referral to En Banc. En Banc and Division Cases Filling-in Vacancy in Supreme Court. 22. 178083 – Flight Attendant and Stewards Association of the Philippines (FASAP) v. Ermita. Case Only. 429 [1950] Bengzon v. GR 169659. 11. GR 115326-37. 2004 Panganiban v. 2014 Distinguish from Declaration Relief Macasiano v. GR 147750. Estelito P. Corona – GR 131457. CA. 2000 Republic v. COMELEC – 421 SCRA 92 Information Technology v. June 28. 3 Fiscal Autonomy Radiowealth v. Letter of Atty. Agregado – 86 Phil. Philippine Shell. PET Macalintal v. Drilon. et al. Ochoa. A. 160 SCRA 848 (1988) Sec. GR 204819. Socrates – 278 SCRA 154 [1997] Conclusive Character of Supreme Court Judgment In re Subpoena Duces Tecum dated Jan.R.

GR 138982. Powers of Supreme Court Judicial Review Requisites Macasiano v. De Venecia – 594 SCRA 749 [2009] De Castro v. De Venecia.191 SCRA 452 [1990] Philconsa v.Sec. No Power Serrano v. Ermita. Macapagal – 43 SCRA 678 [1972] Solicitor General v. PTC. MMDA – GR 102782. GRP Panel Lozano v.429 SCRA 736 [2004] Disomangcop v. Ochoa. GR 147387. ES. Secretary of Public Works. Sec.235 SCRA 506 [1994] Del Mar v. GR 208566. Romulo. Datumanong-444 SCRA 203 [2004] CHR. Executive Secretary.419 SCRA 420 SANLAKAS v. HRET – GR 14189. 2008 Province of North Cotabato v. 2000 Jaworski v. 3. 2000 . Feb. December 18. GR 204819. April 8. November 19. 1991 Militante v. NEDA – GR 178830. CA. 806 [1955] Tan v. 2013 Imbong v. Macaraig. PAGCOR. November 29.444 SCRA 300 [2004] Pimentel v. April Pimentel v. November 29.591 SCRA 420 [2009] Drilon v.employees v. GR 159085. 2000 Sandoval v.637 SCRA 78 [2010] Taxpayers Pascual v.564 SCRA 402 [2008] Concepcion v. Executive Secretary. GRP Peace Panel. PAGCOR. Dec.65 SCRA 624 [1975] 22 12. 2014 Administrative Agencies. GR 138298.594 SCRA 749 [2009] Biraogo v. Gallant – 582 SCRA 254 [2009] First: Ripe for Adjudication PACU v. Arroyo – 489 SCRA 162 [2006] Suplico v. 2002 Constantino v.. NHA – 224 SCRA 236 [1993] Liban v. Of North Cotabato v.495 SCRA 170 [2006] Prov. 2004 Farinas v. COMELEC. 10. Marcos. Secretary of Education – 97 Phil. Ermita 488 SCRA 1 [2006] David v. Jr. Cuisia – 472 SCRA 505 Senate v. November 29.110 PHIL 331 [1960-1961] Gonzales v. GR 107040. JBC – 615 SCRA 666 [2010] LAMP v. July 14. 5. Nograles – 589 SCRA 356 [2009] Drilon v. CHR.462 SCRA 622 Pimentel v. Executive Secretary. PAGCOR. of Budget and Management – 670 SCRA 373 [2012] Second: Standing Legislators and Government Officials Gonzales v. Enriquez. 2003 Province of Batangas v. Gordon – 639 SCRA 709 [2011] Belgica v.

Exec. Transcendental Importance Legaspi v.599 SCRA 62 [2009] Mamba v.246 SCRA 436 [1995] Tatad v.1999] IBP v. August 14. GR 165109. Ebdane.260 SCRA 250 [1996] Telecom v. 2002 Chavez v. 2000] Bayan v.420 SCRA 438 [2004] Agan v. Defensor. Jan. December 14.548 SCRA 485 [2008] Roque v. PSALM. LTFRB. Zamora.516 SCRA 483 [2007] Kilosbayan v. Macapagal-Arroyo – GR 146579. GR 208566. Roxas. Lara. December 6.GR 133250.505 SCRA 104 [2006] Francisco v.472 SCRA 305 Abaya v. COMELEC. Ermita. Office of the Executive Secretary.526 SCRA 353 [2007] Tondo Medical v. 13 2004. Arroyo.421 SCRA 656 [2004] Velarde v. Colet.GR 151445 April 11. Fertiphil. 2013 Citizens and Associations. Nolasco. Factoran. Secretary. Fernando.527 SCRA 746 [2007] Anak Mindanao v. Narvasa.489 SCRA 382 [2006] David v.432 SCRA 269 [2004] Domingo v.456 SCRA 450 Republic v. SJS. Yuipco.488 SCRA 1 [2006] Purok v.224 SCRA 792 [1993] PASEI v. Morato. CSC. Executive Secretary.531 SCRA 583 [2007] 23 . Chairperson. PCGG.225 SCRA 540 [1995] Kilosbayan v.462 SCRA 622 Senate v. Torres-225 SCRA 417 [1993] Joya v.515 SCRA 720 [2007] Planters v. Cuisia. Comelec. 2009 De la Llana v. PCGG.289 SCRA 337 [1998] Chavez v. ES.497 SCRA 581 [2006] Henares v.Gonzales v. GR 140835. Enriquez. 2002 Tolentino v. November 19. CA. Zamora.433 SCRA 324 [2004] Automotive Industry Workers Alliance v. Rumolo.150 SCRA 530 [1987] Oposa v. Carague. COMELEC.428 SCRA 283 [2004] Brillantes v.gr 135385. October 10.682 SCRA 602 [2012] Belgica v. Aquino-667 SCRA 150 [2012] Initiatives for Dialogue v. Sanlakas v. PEA. Ermita. Summit. February 6.G. COMELEC. Executive Secretary. 2000 Cruz v. 2000 Lozano v.449 SCRA 1 Pimentel v. Garcia 243 SCRA 436 [1995] Board of Optometry v.507 SCRA [2006] Public interest Center v.GR 141284 [August 15.457 SCRA 400 Constantino v. 2001 Lim v.260 SCRA 88 [1996] Anti-Graft League of the Philippines.513 SCRA 457 [2007] Garcia v.GR 130716 [May 19.GR 138570.420 SCRA 575 [2004] Tichangco v. GR 159131. July 9. PIATCO. COA. Secretary of DENR.665 SCRA 176 [2012] Galicto v. COMELEC. 2000 Information Technology Foundation v. J.489 SCRA 162 [2006] Holy Spirit v.

380 SCRA 49 [2002] La Bugal v. 2011 Gamboa v. ES. PARC. President Benigno Simeon C. Dangerous Drugs Board. CA. GR 171101. GR 193978. July 30. City of Manila. Jelbert B. CESB. GR 178830. Dec. 2014 Political Questions. November 15.CBN v. Reyes v. H. Ermita. v. Phil. April 21.641 SCRA 244 [2011] Magallona v. GR 193247. Redmont Consolidated Mines Corp. Multi-Media. HLURB Hacienda Luisita v. Romulo. PET. 23. Arroyo. 2008 Belgica v. 2013 Araullo. July 1. Aquino. July 14. Purisima. Carr. 14 September 2011 Reiterating Moldex v.E. Ramos. Vera. GR 208566. et al v. 209287. 22) Narra Nickel Mining v. Benipayo. 2011 Sana v. Requisites Baker v. III.576 SCRA 416 [2009] Chamber of Real Estete v.548 SCRA 409 [2008] Abakada v. Bayan v.351 SCRA 44 [2001] Matibag v.624 SCRA 556 [2010] Southern Hemisphere v. Romulo. GR 192926. GR 195580. ES.562 SCRA 251 [2008] ABS. City of Manila. 14 December 2011. CA.GR 170338.632 SCRA 146 [2010] Orlando A.369 US 169 [1962] Torrecampo v. et al.550 SCRA 502 [2008] Heirs v. HLURB.652 SCRA 690 [2011] Moot Cases David v. Duque. Carbonilla. Board of Airlines Representatives. GR No.421 SCRA 148 [2004] Estarja v. GR 196063.2008 White Light v. Marasigan.614 SCRA 605 [2010] Chamber of Real Estate v. Ranada.649 SCRA 482 [2011] Belgica v. House. Aquino. et al.608 SCRA 370 [2009] BPI v. Andal. Francisco.492 SCRA 652 [2006] Moldex v.570 SCRA 410 [2008] Garcillano v. ERC. Aquino. Metropolitan. November 19. Shemberg.635 SCRA 783 [2010] Sergio I. ES. Office of the President v.655 SCRA 476 [2011] Belgica v. GR 208566. 2013 Other Rules: Raise at Earliest Opportunity and Constitutionality is the Very Lis Mota People v.576 SCRA 262 [2009] CSC v. 2013 24 . Board of Airlines Representatives GR 194276. NEDA. GR 208566.Pharmaceutical v. 56 [1937-1938] Mirasol v. November 19. 2008 Mattel Inc. 166886. 489 SCRA 162 (2006) Suplico v.558 SCRA 468 [2008] SJS v.535 SCRA 265 Chavez v. GR No.628 SCRA 70 [2010] Macalintal v. Galicto v. November 22. Teves. November 19.525 SCRA 198 [2007] Gobenciong v. v.65 PHIL. 2014 (p. 28 February 2012. Gonzales-545 SCRA 441 [2008] Akbayan v. ATC.

Practice.109 PHIL.M. September 28. 3.166 SCRA 214 [1988] Carpio v. 272 SCRA 18 [1997] Garcia v.GR 165922. GR 187485. Oct 8. A. Paneda. 2(a). v. 683 [1960] Arroyo v.94 PHIL. v. De la Victoria. Operative Fact Doctrine Article 7. there must be a law or executive issuance) Automatic Review. IAC. Tomas v.277 SCRA 268 [1997] Defensor-Santiago v.GR 120060 [March 9. Purisima.GR 85750. Duavis. 2013 (Operative Fact Doctrine does not apply to a mere administrative practice.13 March 2012-668 SCRA 1 [2012] Sto. Paragraph 4 People v. 17. and Legal Assistance to the Underprivileged In re Cunanan. 1998 ICMC v.153 SCRA 728 [1965] Damasco v. PNB. San Roque Power Corporation. Paragraph 2 (d) Garcia.615 SCRA 1 [2010] In re: in the matter of clarification of Exemption from payment of all Court Sheriff’s Fees of Cooperatives. CFI. Dec.GR 134577. Paragraph 5 Enforcement of Constitutional Rights. November 18. CA. Guingona. Hon. et al. the Integrated Bar. 07 December 2011 Question of Law. 1990 Tanada v. GR 171101. Presidential Agrarian Reform Council.82 SCRA 344 [1978] Santero v. 2010 In re Petition for Recognition. 2000] Change of Venue. New Civil Code De Agbayani v. De Venecia. March 26. Hacienda Luisita. Corona. DILG 212 SCRA 475 [1992] 25 . Republic. 2002 Baguio Market Vendors v. Pendatun. 1999 Judicially Discoverable and Manageable Standards Liang v. Par. Angara. Nov. Calleja.38 SCRA 429 [1971] Philippine Coconut v.433 SCRA 640 People v. Cortes. supra.Cavite.36 SCRA 172 [1970] Power to Promulgate Rules. People.GR 148267. Pleading.Textually Demonstrable Commitment Osmena v. August 8. Mateo. 22. 1998 People v. 12-2-03-0. 534 [953-1954] Javellana v.231 SCRA 30 [1994] Lina v. GR 74454. Laqui. Paragraph 2(e) Cebu Woman’s Club v.685 SCRA 245 [2012] Admission to the Practice of Law. Gutierrez.318 SCRA 434 Pearson v.GR 125865. Disciplinary Powers. and Procedure in All Courts First Lepanto v. 2011 (Operative Fact Doctrine applies to unconstitutional executive act) CIR v. Sulu Resources. Inc. GR 132451. Sept. GR 190681.612 SCRA 193 [2010] In re Exemption of NPC. 2001 Effect of Unconstitutionality. February 26. People.

177721. GR 132177. July 25. Caoibes v. 23. Lucero. Vasquez. Ermita. October 23. Ombudsman. CSC.2001. Judicial and Bar Council Composition Chavez v. Develos. 3. GR 124295.478 SCRA 474 [2005] Camp John Hay v. 15.507 SCRA 352 [2006] Supervision Over the Judiciary Ampong v. September 21. 9. Padillo. JBC. Judge Quitain. Supervision of Courts Maceda v. 2002 Tan v. 2007 Topacio v. G. Feb. AM P-10-2785. GR 137354.GR 143275. September 16.478 SCRA 115 [2005] Republic v. July 6.81 PHIL. 2010 Sec. 2008 Procedure of Special Sourts and Quasi-Judicial Bodies Effective Unless Disapproved by SC LBP v. COMELEC. No. increase. Fuentes v.400 SCRA 267 [2003] Planters v.GR 172457. Sandoval. December 24.475 SCRA 361 [2005] Garcia v. De Leon. Miro. 2008 Sec. Lacson. 2001 Fuentes v. 2006 In re letter of UP Law Faculty. GR 124295. 7. Desierto.C. 013.426 SCRA 414 [2004] Tan v. Nov. July 19. 1999 Gorospe v.A. OMB. 179895. Fertiphil. 6. 1998 People v. GR No.615 SCRA 666 [2010] Sec. July 3. AM RTJ-00-1534. Oct. Asuncion. AM P-99-1315. September 10.644 SCRA 543 [2011] Limits of Power Simplified and Inexpensive Procedure for Speedy Disposition Uniform for All Courts of the Same Grade Not diminish.582 SCRA 127 [2009] Escalona v. JBC-676 SCRA 579 [2012] De Castro v. 6697. Bausch. BIR. 2001 Dolalas v. 2001 Adajar v. 299 SCRA 776 [1994] Maningas v.563 SCRA 293 [2008] Sec. Ombudsman. Barcenas. December 15. Ong.Velez v. GR 129742. De Vera. 132177. or modify substantive rights Bustos v. 648 [1948] PNB v. August 22. Qualifications of Members of Judiciary In re JBC v.221 SCRA 464 [1993] De Vera v. 2000. No. GR No. JBC No. Ombudsman. Pelayo. 2000 Caoibes v.R. 2007 Kilosbayan v. De la Pena.80 SCRA 321 [1977] Fabian v. 8. Gingoyon. July 19. Office of the Ombudsman-265 SCRA 819 [1996] Garcia v. Appointment of Justices and Judges 26 .

August 29. Rilloraza. GR 132428. Donnina C. 2002 Lorbes v. Conclusions of the Supreme Court-How Reached? Consing v. Flores v. Montemayor.173 SCRA 324 [1989] People v. GR 187208. AM no. Presidential Electoral Tribunal. Enriquez. Atty. 14.285 SCRA 1 [1996] People v. Diminution of Salary Nitafan v.208 SCRA 429 [1993] Francisco v. GR 143702. CA – 206 SCRA 127 [1992] People v. GR 13006. CIR. Section 14 applies only to the judiciary) Insufficient People v. Nadera – 342 SCRA 490 [2000] Madrid v. Art VIII. GR 135516. Contents of Decision. Bugarin – 273 SCRA 384 [1997] People v. 351 SCRA 716 People v. October 24. Printwell. CA. 1999] People v. Bravo. 635 SCRA 783 [2010] Sec.18 SCRA 155 [1966] People v. GR 123727 [April 14. Security of Tenure. Alba. Power to Discipline Vargas v. Macoy.152 SCRA 284 [1987] Sec. Carrascoso. Non-Judicial Assignments In Re Judge Manzano. 13. 2000 27 . Petition for Review. GR 17046. July 11. 297 [1948] De La Llana v. Co. 2000 People v. Inc. CA. 23 February 2011. July 10. NLRC. 30 May 2011.286 SCRA 454 [1998] People v. Court of Appeals. 166 SCRA 246 Macalintal v. November 23. CA. 10. May 31 2000 Yao v. 11. GR 1365891.112 SCRA 294 [1982] People v.245 SCRA 733 [1995] People v. Antonio F. RTJ-99-1519 Sec. Orbita.275 SCRA 1 [1997] ABD v.227 SCRA 285 [1993] Hernandez v. CA. GR 78272. Motion for Reconsideration Decision expressing clearly and distinctly the facts and the law on which it is based Sufficient Air France v. Viernas – 262 SCRA 641 [1996] People v. GR 136591. Escober. 2000 People v. Gastador. Tamin. Ordonez. 13. Laserna. Waldo Q. Spouses Antazo. Mendoza. CA. Landicho.Sec. Dumaging.157 SCRA 541 [1988] Nicos v.80 PHIL. 12. GR 157549.246 SCRA 52 [1995] Lumpas v. Permskul.433 SCRA 324 [2004] Ceferina Lopez Tan v. September 20. Hon. Halley v.423 SCRA 114 [2004] Tichangco v. GR 130683. 1989 Sec. 2001 Asia Traders v. Sept. 8 June 2011 Reiting Solid Homes v. 2000 Ong Chiu Kwan. Gacott.

GR 123547. Laya-582 SCRA 417 [2009] Nationwide Security and Allied Services. GR 183445. Salva. Pan America World Airways.278 SCRA 483 [1997] Mosquera v. Salazar. SJS-428 SCRA 283 [2004] Report on the Judicial Audit (MTC of Tambulig). 14 September 2011. Inc. Ongjoco. Ronald P. AM RTJ-00-1567. 15. Tienzo. GR 143468. Jan 24. CIR. A. 105014.Graft Commission v.537 SCRA 25 [2007] De la Pena v. 2003 Re: Request of Judge Javellana. CA Sec. June 20. July 27. Oscar L. July 24. AM RTJ-99-1511. Cataquiz. C. 2000 Aslarona v. AM-MTJ-00-1319. AM RTJ-00-1594.Spouse Yu Eng Cho v. 2. RTJ-00-1601. CA. 2001 Protacio v. Pastor. Bersamira.2003 Supplemnent: Sibayan-Joaquin v. July 19. 2003 Consing v.A. June 19. Marigomen. G. No.. March 27. Araneta Center.472 SCRA 419 [2005] Lacurom v. Jonolo.June 17. Reiterating Borromeo v. December 18. AM 01-6-314-RTC. Nov.2000 OCA v. Caoibes.535 SCRA 252 [2007] Salazar v. Lizada. Cruz. 23 February 2011. Ramos. Agoy v. No. 11-184-CA-J. Mejia. Inc. AM MTJ-98-1160.. Alumbres. Calixto R. AM RTJ-991456. November 22. Report to the President and to Congress Article IX: Constitutional Commissions 28 . Republic of the Philippines (University of the Philippines) v. Legaspi. AM RTJ-98-1412.M. CA. 2000 Dela Cruz v. v. 2003 Unitrust Dev’t Bank v.R. September 27. Re: Verified Complaint of Engr. 13. AM RTJ-03-1745. AM RTJ-02-1710. Oct. CA-425 SCRA 192 [2004] Velarde v. Legaspi. 2000 Kao v.186 SCRA 1 [1990] JRB Realty v. CA. A. May 21. GR 123560. GR 186614. 2000 Gil v. December 5. 379 SCRA 181 (2002) People v. Aug. Judge Javellana. 2000 Sulla v. AM RTJ-03-1803. Reiterating Philippine Health care Providers. Inc.579 SCRA 396 [2009] Office of the President and Presidential Anti. 2000 Seares v. GR 177611.2001 Sec. Period for Making Decisions Dizon v. 20. 18 April 2012 Legal basis must be stated if a petition for review or motion for reconsideration of a decision shall be refused due course or denied Borromeo v. 21 March 2012. GR 196358. CA-271 SCRA 229 [1997] Komatsu v. July 10. Judge Lopez.2003 Samson v. OCA IPI No. Valderama.2001 People v.M. CA-289 SCRA 604 [1998] Martinez v. AM RTJ-00-1602. 16. Echavez. 31 January 2012. 2000 Heirs of Sucaldito v. 2003 Salud v. v.

COMELEC. April 29. GR No. April 24. Power to Appoint Section 5. CA. 482 SCRA 233 Section 6. GR No. COMELEC. 114 795. 1995 Reyes v. 344 SCRA 358 [2000] Mateo v. 1995 ABS-CBN v. 2009 Cayetano v. July 10. 2012 Cagas v. 117 SCRA 669 PTTC v. February 16. 135 SCRA 25 Saligumba v. COA. GR 157013. COMELEC. CA. 2012 Section 7. 141952-53. 323 SCRA 611 Salva v. GR No. GR 193846. COMELEC. May 27. COMELEC. COMELEC. 2003 Sabili v. 160465. Common Provisions Section 1. August 14. 2005 Section 2. COA. COMELEC. Civil Service Commission Section 1. 108886. 157013. Decisions of the Commissions Review of final orders. COA. 127 SCRA 653 (1984) Ambil v. 1996 Dumayas v. GR 180989. Ferrer. Qualifications. COMELEC. 2011 Dela Llana v. Fiscal Autonomy CSC v. GR Nos. The Chairperson. Regional Trial Court. 2000 Garces v. Promulgation of Rules Macalintal v. GR No. Other Functions B. COMELEC. COMELEC. 156 SCRA 582 (1987) Estrella v. February 7. June 30.A. Rendered in the exercise of administrative functions Filipinas Engineering and Machine Shop v. No. July 17. 146 SCRA 190 (1986) Cua v. Term 29 . 2003 Ombudsman v. COMELEC. GR 132603. 159940. 663 SCRA 644 (2012) Section 8. April 12. COMELEC. 2001 Aguilar v. September 18. July 10. GR No. 187 SCRA 445 (1990) Paredes v. GR No. Makalintal. 113219. resolutions and decisions: 1. GR 193261. 185140. Salary Section 4. Rendered in the exercise of quasi-judicial functions 2. Prohibition on Members Section 3. GR. CA. Composition. May 5. DBM. Independent Commissions Macalintal v. 2004 Mison v. Civil Service Commission.

CSC – 220 SCRA 148 [1993] Mauna v.Scope of the system Cuevas v. CSC – 194 SCRA 458 [1991] Santos v. De Guzman – 249 SCRA 126 [1995] Atty. Mercado – 614 SCRA 683 [2010] 30 . Macaraig – 195 SCRA 235 [1991] Felix v. GR 192926. NLRC – 251 SCRA 700 [1995] Juco v. Philippine Tuberculosis society – 479 SCRA 628 LRTA v. CSC – 241 SCRA 503 [1995] Province of the Camarines Sur v. Mangalupas – 190 SCRA 280 [1990] Office of the President v. Buenaobra – 501 SCRA 302 Policy-Determining Primarily Confidential Borres v. CA. CA – 246 SCRA 231 [1995] PEZA v. CA – 153 SCRA 120 [1987] Grino v. NLRC – 168 SCRA 122 UP v. CSC – 244 SCRA 498 [1995] Gloria v.Gaminde v. 1999 Section 2. Ellas Omar A Sana v. CA – 264 SCRA 147 [1996] CSC v. Calejo – 237 SCRA 271 [1994] Postigo v. GR 139382. 124374. GR No. v. Venus – 485 SCRA 301 PARAGRAPH 2 Classifications and Appointments HIGC v.2) Pamantasan ng Maynila v. CSC – 243 SCRA 206 [1995] Rosete v. Salas – 274 SCRA 414 [1997] Acahacoso v. Bacal. Buenaseda – 240 SCRA 139 [1995] (par. December 6 2000 Under Civil Service Law PARAGRAPH 1 MWSS v. Regino – 221 SCRA 598 [1993] Mateo v. Gison – 629 SCRA 103 [2010] GOCCs Under the Corporation Code BLISS v. Hernandez – 143 SCRA 602 [1986] NSC v. NLRC – 277 SCRA 528 [1997] Feliciano v. Career Executive Service Board. CA – 145 SCRA 654[1986] Non-Competitive Astraquillo v. CA – 247 SCRA 284 [1995] DOH v. December 15. CSC – 232 SCRA 388 [1994] Rimonte v. Macaraig – 208 SCRA 74 [1992] Hilario v. 15 November 2011 Competitive Samson v. COA –347 SCRA 655 (2000) Mathay Jr.

Blanco – 673 SCRA 638 [2012] Appointment vs. GR 127501. GR 129118. CSC – 243 SCRA 196 [1995] 3.3) Vinzon-Chato v. Sto. CA. Acceptance of Incompatible/Other Employment Canonizado v. GR NO. Natividad – 244 SCRA 787 [1995] Divinagracia v.2) (designation by Dept. 588 [1958] Eugene v.CSC v. 2000 Due Process in Removal Enrique v. Abandonment. Aguirre. Sto Tomas – 242 SCRA 192 [1995] Chato v. Bacal. 2000 Cuevas v. Garucho – 188 SCRA 154 [1990] (par. GR 139382. Lapid. CSC – 178 SCRA 733 [1989] Montecillo v.) Removal for Cause/Security of Tenure Cause for Removal: PARAGRAPH 3 1. December 6. 12 April 2011 Security of Tenure Chua v. Loss confidence Hernandez v. Marie Jean C. Macaraig – 194 SCRA 672 [1991 5. Zenarosa. Comelec. 323 SCRA 312 [2001] Salvador v. Civil Service Commission. 131954.2) Reorganization Santiago v. CSC – 244 SCRA 640 [1995] Philippine Charity Sweepstakes Office Board Of Directors v. CA – 635 SCRA 749 [2010] Permanent Luego v. designation Binamira v. Gonzales – 492 SCRA 591 Nieves v. June 28. CA – 229 SCRA 180 [1994] CSC v. CSC – 143 SCRA 327 [1986] Pangilinan v. Osmena – 104 PHIL. Qualification for Eligibility Mayor v. CSC – 225 SCRA 285 [1993] Fernandez v. July 19. May 5. Magnaye – 619 SCRA 347 [2010] Rubenecia v. Sec. 2000 4. GR 191940. Villegas – 14 SCRA 544 [1965] 2. October 20. 2001 Gatmaitan v. GR 120539. Abolition of Office Briones v. Reorganization Romualdez-Yap v. CSC – 206 SCRA 65 [1992] 31 . Maglaya – 225 SCRA 511 [1993] (par. 2000 De Guzman v. Tomas – 244 SCRA 595 [1995] (par.

CA – GR No. COA – 619 SCRA 154 [2010] Sergio I. Office. CSC. June 8. et al v. GR No. 14 September 2011 PEZA V. CSC. 164185. CA – 175 SCRA 686 [1989] Balingasan v. GR No. Commission on Elections 32 . CA – 281 SCRA 557 [1997] De la Cruz v. GR 194276. et al v. 166570. Rojo . COA – 675 SCRA 513[2012] Dimagiba v. Prohibitions. GR No. 156503.NLTD v. Oath or Affirmation Section 5. February 18. 2007 Herrera. June 22. Municipality of Surigao – 72 PHIL. Mathay – 38 SCRA 296 (1971) Santos v. Sandiganbayan. GR 181367. 169637. Prohibition of Appointment of “Lame Ducks” People v. 236 SCRA 469 Section 4. Carbonilla. GR 193247 Office of the President v. 22. CA – 276 SCRA 557 [1997] Jacinto v. OP – 664 SCRA 413 [2012] Electioneering or Partisan Political Activity Santos v. GR 126481. GR No. GR 119903. December 18. Board of Airlines. Purpose of a Civil Service System Lazo v. 2000 Ong v. Foreign Gift/Office/Title Sedusasta v. 2008 Section 7. Appointments. Yatco – 106 PHIL 21 People v. CSC – 223 SCRA 59 ( Marohombsar v. 2009 NEA v. CSC – 611 SCRA 14 [2010] Yap v. 2000 Section 3. 653 SCRA 141 La Carlota City v. NPC. Compensation. CA. CA. Board of Airlines. De Venecia – 14 SCRA 864 [1965] Right to Self-Organization and Right to Strike SSS Employees v. August 15. 139792. 24 April 2012 Sec. Nov. Colting. CA – 305 SCRA 303 GSIS v. Kapisanan – 510 SCRA 622 Temporary Employees Gloria v. Standardization of Compensation Section 6. Employment Flores v. 8 Prohibitions. Espartero – 676 SCRA 420 [2012] C. 482 [1941] Peralta v. Drilon – 223 SCRA 568 (1993) In re Eduardo Escala. 2000 Cabili v. 2006 Benguet State University v. July 23. CSC – 221 SCRA 145 Cabagnot v.

2000 Tan v. Comelec.Section 1. Comelec. Jan 13. Comelec. 2004 Atienza v. COMELEC – 184 SCRA 484 [1990] Galido v. May 4. 2000 Claudio v. 2000 De Guzman v. Inting – 187 SCRA 788 [1990] Corpus v. 2004 Powers Not Given Deputizing Law Enforcement Agencies People v. May 5. 10. 421 SCRA 92 Capalla v. Comelec. 2000 Columbres v. Term Cayetano v. 2000 Social Weather Station. COMELEC – 674 SCRA 538[2012] Prosecution of Election Offenses People v. May 4. Comelec. 147571. 192 SCRA 358 (1990) Matibag v. September 18. CA. Composition. COMELEC – 193 SCRA 78 [1991] Mercado v. August 10. 2003 Arroyo v. Qualifications. People. Dec. Silva – 286 SCRA 177[1998] Comelec v. Comelec. COMELEC. GR 142038. CA – 259 SCRA 99 [1996] Zarate v. Comelec. GR NO. GR 115962. GR 134169. GR 141787. Powers and Functions Administrative Power Alfiado v. Benipayo. DOJ – 681 SCRA 181[2012] Recommendatory Powers 33 . 2000 Sahali v. Comelec. Comelec. GR 149164. GR 161265. Dec. COMELEC – 673 SCRA 1 [2012] Election Contests Flores v. February 24. 2003 Alauya v. GR 158830.September 18. 1999 Regalado v. Comelec and Lallave – GR 129096. Basilla – 179 SCRA 87[1989] Registration of Parties and Organization LDP v. Monsod. 2004 Buac v. GR 148575. Espanol. Cumba – 243 SCRA 690 [1995] People v. GR 129118. Inc v. Yorac. Delgado – 189 SCRA 715 [1990] Garces v. Hon. BES – 243 SCRA 422 [1995] Relampagos v. Comelec. November 19.GR 140850-51. COMELEC – 612 SCRA 761 [2010] Lokin v. 2000 Faelnar v. February 2. 380 SCRA 49 Section 2. GR 159139. 2001 Information Technology Foundation v. 10. February 15. GR 140560. 201 SCRA 210 (1991) Brillantes v. Tanodbayan – 149 SCRA 281[1987] COMELEC v. July 19.

GR 139357. Comelec. 2000 Barroso v. COMELEC. Apr. COMELEC – 616 SCRA 443 Maria Laarni L Cayetano v. May 5. Privileges Unido v. 16. Prohibition on Political Parties Section 9. Funds 34 . March 17. Comelec. GR 155717. 133486. Comelec. 2003 Repol v. 28. Comelec – 212 SCRA 307[1992] Carnicosa v. COMELEC. September 5. 23. COMELEC – 507 SCRA 352 Enriquel v. COMELEC – 479 SCRA 514 Munoz v. 28. COMELEC – 228 SCRA 36[1993] Sarmiento v. Comelec. Parole or Suspension of Sentence Section 6. 2010 Section 7. 2000 SWS v. COMELEC – 282 SCRA 512[1997] Ramas v. Media Grants. GR 135613. Ampig et al. COMELEC. 2000 Maruhon v. Jan. COMELEC – 495 SCRA 407 Tan v. GR138218. COMELEC – 289 SCRA 337 [1998] ABS-CBN v. Oct. GR 139573. No Block-Voting Section 8. GR 154796-97. Comelec. 191771. COMELEC. 2000 Soller v. 2000 Sebastian v. 2001 Section 5. 147571. GR No. Supervision/Regulation of Public Utilities. 2003 Jaramilla v. COMELEC. Comelec. No Harassment and Discrimination Section 11. GR 139853. Art IX-A) Section 4. Free and Open Party System Liberal Party v. 181 SCRA 529 (1990) Osmena v. 12 April 2011 (also in Sec. COMELEC – 286 SCRA 189[1998] Garvida v. 7. May 6. GR 153991. COMELEC. Oct. COMELEC – 199 SCRA 750 [1991] Philippine Press Institute v. 2003 De Llana v. Comelec. 23. GR No. Mach 7. March 9. COMELEC – 613 SCRA 809 Mendoza v. 119654. May 22. 1995 Telecom v. 2003 Bautista v. Amnesty.Section 3. GR 151418. GR No. Oct. 104 SCRA 17 Sanidad v. May 5. Nov. Favorable Recommendation for Pardon. COMELEC – 496 SCRA 513 Cayetano v. Comelec. Sales – 271 SCRA 767[1997] Velayo v. GR 152080. Election Period Section 10. GR No. Comelec. 28. 2004 Pedragoza v. Decisions Pangilinan v.2000 Balindong v. GR 193846. Comelec.

F. Powers Sec. Inc. v. Pobre. 39 SCRA 256 [1971] 35 . 187 SCRA 445 Section 2. v. Guillermo N Carague. Auditor General. July 14. June 15. COA – 231 SCRA 202 [1994] Eslao v. Province of Batangas. Manacop v. Tantuico – 163 SCRA 716 [1988] DBP v.6 Sept. COA – 208 SCRA 726 [1992] Mamaril v.D. COA. 2000 Uy v. COA. GR 180989. COA. 94 Phil 868 [1953-1954] ICNA v. GR 157838. COA – 245 SCRA 39 [1995] CIR v. GR 177131. COA – 498 SCRA 537 [2006] Nava v. 2004 DBP v.175 SCRA 701 [1989] Promulgate Accounting and Auditing Rules Leycano v. 422 SCRA 459 [2004] Home Development Mutual Fund v. March 21. Versoza Jr. COA. 495 SCRA 30 [2006] Define Scope and Techniques of Auditing Procedures Danville Maritime v. COA – 665 SCRA 176 [2012] Settle Government Account Philippine Operations. GR 160568. COA – 236 SCRA 161 [1994] J. Sept. COA. GR 140563. COA. 2004 Luciano Velos. CA – 266 SCRA 235 [1997] Polloso v. Commission of Audit Section 1. General Function. 265 SCRA 390 [1996] Ramos v. Palattao – 499 SCRA 745 [2006] Gualberto De Llana v. Aquino. COA. Domingo – 227 SCRA 206[1993] Philippine Airlines v. 15. 2000 Aguinaldo v. 7 Feb. COA – 226 SCRA 55 [1993] Euro-Med v. 2012 Candelario L. 7 February 2012 Philippine Coconut v. 482 SCRA 215 Decide Administrative Cases Involving Expenditures of Public Funds NCMH v. Gangan. 7 June 2011 Dela Llana v. COA.F. 162 SCRA 782 [1988] NHC v. COA – 218 SCRA 203 [1993] CSC v. COA. et al. v. Term Mison v. Commission On Audit. GR 130685. Sandiganbayan – 265 SCRA 121 [1996] DBP v. GR 142297. Qualifications. Republic – 663 SCRA 514 [2012] Audit Jurisdiction Caltex v. Guingona. 2 Powers and Functions Examine and Audit: Government revenues and Government expenditures Blue Bar Coconut Phil. 21 SCRA 40 [1967] Dingcong v. GR 193677. 20011 Boy Scout of the Philippines v. Republic.

Salva v. COA. 80391. 1994 Judge Leynes v. COA. March 25. GR No. COA Jurisdiction Luciano Veloso v. GR 193677. et al. Lim – 235 SCRA 135 [1994] Magtajas v. 322 SCRA 805 Lina v. 119775. Hechanova. Lim. 2000 PLDT v. GR No. Lim. Torres. February 28. September 29. 364 SCRA 76 (2001) Petron v. June 18. October 24. Conte Mangelin. Dec. Mayor. Atienza – 545 SCRA 92 [2009] Province of Negros v. GR No. 182574. CA. GR No. GR No. GR No. GR 143867. September 28. January 26. GR No. City of Davao. COA. 90773. May 5. GR 183409. 2003 Batangas CATV v. Local Government Section 1. Batangas City. 227 SCRA 100 (1993) Malonzo v. 158881. CA. 131359. Carague. 1999 Batangas Power v. Province of Laguna. 154993. Commisssion on Audit. GR No. June 3. October 25. 143596. Local Government Code Garcia v. July 20. Pano. GR No. Local Autonomy Limbona v. 1989 San Juan v. 511 SCRA 258 City of Basilan v. 11. Supervision by the President Ganzon v. GR 100152. 2003 Manila Electric v. Territorial and Political Subdivisions of the Philippines Cordillera Broad Coalition v. Zamora – 323 SCRA 875 Section 4. 2014 Section 3. Secretary of DAR. 2010 Section 5. GR 204819. COMELEC. Annual Report to the President and to Congress Article X. CSC. 6 September 2011 Section 4. 111097. GR No. GR No. GR No. 1991 Acebedo Optical v. March 21. 2008 Yamane v. 290 SCRA 279 Drilon v. 196 SCRA 69 (1991) Drilon v. 138810. April 8. 235 SCRA 135 (1994) Bito-onon v. COMELEC. BA Lepanto Condominium. Ochoa. April 16. 2010 Imbong v. CA and Batangas City. 200 SCRA 271 Joson v. 58 SCRA 711 [1974] Section 3. 269 SCRA 380 (1997) Malonzo v. City of Butuan. 152675. 1990 Section 2. Municipality of Pililla. 2004 CREBA v. Taxation Power of Local Government LTO v. Paredes – 439 130 [2004] SJS v. 2004 36 . 2003 John Hay People’s Alternative Coalition v. Pryce Properties. April 28. Fernandez – 350 SCRA 732 National Liga v. 79956. 2005 Philippine Petroleum v.

Judge Baz – 265 SCRA 182 [1996](de jure corporation) Cawaling v. GR No. COMELEC – GR146319. 2008 Dizon v. January 23. COMELEC August 24. GR No. GR No. 10. GR 196271. September 3. GR No. 2010 Section 11. June 8. 161414. 100710. COMELEC. Dec. Executive Secretary. Santos. November 25. 2008 Section 6. 2000 MMDA v. Aguirre. COMELEC. GR No.Smart Communications v. 2004 Alternative Center v. 2003 David v. March 27. 182088. December 23. 2010 Section 7. Creation. Share in National Taxes Pimentel v. 147927. 84662. 2009 Alboin v. COMELEC. 558 SCRA 700 Camid v. Bel-Air Village Association Assoc. 142 SCRA 727 (1986) Tobias v. 29. February 2012 (reconsideration. 2005 Gancayco v. Metropolitan Political Subdivisions MMDA v. September 16. of Jimenez v. 1990 Section 10. 2008 Sema v. 130230. GR No. v. COMELEC. GR No. 154829. GR No. City Government of Quezon City. COMELEC. 2009 Bolos v. April 15. Lumena – GR 182867. Highly Urbanized Cities. 152774. 135962. 155491. Term of Local Officials Borja v. August 24. 144256. 658 SCRA 853 Section 12. COMELEC. Executive Secretary. Office of the President. Equitable Share in the National Wealth Section 8. Garin. COMELEC – 581 SCRA 786 [2009] Aldovino v. 180050.. 2006 Laceda v. 2005 Navarro v. Abolition. COMELEC. Senate of the Philippines. GR No. Change of Boundaries Tan v. February 4. COMELEC. May 27. 551 SCRA 50 Ong v. COMELEC – 523 SCRA 41 Montebon v. COMELEC – 609 SCRA 234 [2009] Datu Michel Abas Kida v. Sectoral Representatives Supangan Jr. COMELEC. 184836. 163295. COMELEC. COMELEC. 2002 Socrates v. 1991 37 . October 26. Component Cities Abella v. January 17. 1999 Adormeo v. holdover provision in RA 9054 Unconstitutional as Congress in passing RA 10153 has made clear) Section 9. GR No. COMELEC. Nov. 135150. GR No. GR No. GR No. 2005 League of Cities v. July 28. 271 SCRA 90 (1997) Rivera v. 295 SCRA 157 Lozanida v. GR No. 391 SCRA 457 (2002) Latasa v. January 30. Zamora. COMELEC. GR No. 2001 League of Cities of the Philippines v. GR 176951. Abalos – 239 SCRA 106 [1994] (metes and bounds) Mun. City of Davao. Alegre. February 10. 336 SCRA 201 (2000) Province of Batangas v.

of DPWH. Jan. Sec. General Supervision of the President Ampatuan v. GR 190259. Zamora. 17 June 2011 (Proclamation 1946 and AOs and 273 –A do not violate the principle of local autonomy under Section 16. 2004 Abas Kida v. GR No. 568 SCRA 492 Section 21.Section 13. and how many Autonomous Regions Section 15. February 2012 (means that only amendments to. GR 196271. (The framers decided to reinstate the provision in order to make it clear. 29. COMELEC. July 16. Legislative Powers of the Autonomous Regions Province of North Cotabato v. Autonomous Regions Disomangcop v. Regional Development Councils and Other Similar Bodies Pimentel v. once and for all. Tan – 675 SCRA 482 [2012] Section 17. 18 October 2011. Accountability of Public Officers Section 1. Preservation of Peace and Order Article XI. 25. COMELEC. . GRP Panel Datu Michael Abas Kida v. 2002 Sema v. that these are the limits of the powers to the autonomous government. the regional autonomy granted to the ARMM cannot be used to exempt the region from having act in accordance with national policy mandated by no less than the Constitution) Sections 18 and19. 116850. 2008 Province of North Cotabato v.GR 149848. 196271. Mergas – 195 SCRA 6 [1991] 38 . the autonomy granted to the ARMM cannot be invoked to defeat national policies and concerns Since the synchronization of elections not just a regional concerns but a national one. 471 SCRA 329 Cordillera Broad Coalition v. 2011 Section 16. CBA. Senate of the Philippines. Local Government Units Grouping Themselves Section 14. 15 Purpose. those not enumerated are actually to be exercised by the national government. 192 SCRA 100 (1990) Badua v. Public Office Hipolito v. 82217. GR No. Organic Act for Autonomous Regions Abbas v. Government of the Philippines Peace Panel. and Section 1 Article V of the Expanded ARMM Organic Act) Kulayan v. Powers Not Vested to the ARMM Datu Michel Abas Kida v. CA. those aspects specially mentioned in the Constitution which Congress must provide for the Organic Act – require ratification through a plebiscite) Section 20. October 18. Senate of the Philippines. the ARMM is subject to it. 177597. the organic Act Constitutionally-essential to creation of autonomous regions – i. COMELEC. or revisions of. 194 SCRA 101 (1991) Atitiw v. Nov. GR No. Article X of the Constitution. Ochoa – 676 SCRA 551 [2012] Sec. COA. 179 SCRA 287 (1989) Ordillos v. Hon Ronaldo Puno. 1990 Pandi v.e. April 11. Senate of the Philippines. GR No.

GR 142261. Yniguez. Lemeo. A. 26. 141 SCRA 260 (1986) Francisco v. December 8. Holganza. 116033. Sandiganbanyan. Mapayo. Sandiganbayan – GR 134272. Resus – AM NO. Arceo – 242 SCRA 88 [1995] (averment of the nature of the crime committed) Balmadrid v. Blanco. Desierto. August 3. January 18. Montes – 280 SCRA 181 [1997] Almario v. AM 99-11-06-SC. Jr. 356 SCRA 108 (2001) Gutierrez v. GR No. GR 133954. February 26. CA. 643 SCRA 198 Section 4. Desierto. Gideon Alibang. 353 SCRA 452 (2001). Morales. February 15. Tanodbayan as Special Prosecutor Quimpo v. 162215. 2007 Section 7. 429 SCRA 76 Carandang v. Sandiganbayan. Ombudsman Baluyot v. ES. Officers Subject to Removal by Impeachment Ombudsman v. 649 SCRA 182 Quarto v. July 20. Sandiganbayan – 128 SCRA 324 [1984] (crimes in relation to public office) Cunanan v. 160 SCRA 843 (1988) 39 . 58327. 1991 Azarcon v. 639 SCRA 293 Lacson v. 356 SCRA 636 (2001) Section 5. Committee on Justice. 1997 Binay v. GR 134102. 2003 Re. Sandiganbayan Nunez v. 2000 Tirol v.M P99-1350. COA.Bornasal. People. Procedure for Impeachment In re Gonzales. Sandiganbayan – GR NO. 2000 Malbas v. June 20. April 23. CSC. Brawner – 582 SCRA 474 [2009]) Romulo v. Tanodbayan – 146 SCRA 137 [1986] Zaldivar v. CA – 452 SCRA 714 [2005] (exclusive list) Section 3. v. March 22. GR No. Ombudsman. February 16. Sandiganbayan – 111 SCRA 433 [1982] (creation of Sandiganbayan) Lecaros v. AM MTJ-03-1492. AM 2003-11-SC June 15. 1999] Mayor Layus v. AWOL of Antonio Makalintal. June 29. Sandiganbayan. 2000 Re. 1999] Juan v. 2000 Estrella v. 2000 Lapid v. 415 SCRA 44 Estrada v. 2000 Defensor-Santiago v. December 12. 2004 ABAKADA v. Desierto. P941076. July 6. Appointments Ombudsman v. Purisima – 562 SCRA 251[2008] Salumbides v. GR No. 1999 Abbot v. MR. Sandiganbayan. Marcelo. GR 127710. GR 136374. OMB. Sandiganbayan. 2001 Manaois v. 160 SCRA 771 (1988) Marcoleta v. Aug. House of Representatives. GR 125160. GR 180917. 649 SCRA 142 People v. 120681-83 [October 1. 2010 Section 2. February 2000 Garcia v. [November 22. GR 132378. 2000 Mamburao v. 658 SCRA 580 Section 6.

June 21. Prompt Action on Complaints Laurel v. 2006 40 . Ombudsman. November 24. Sandiganbayan. April 12. 2002 Almonte v. 2000 Roxas v. 17 January 2012 (power of the Ombudsman –to determine and impose administrative liability is mandatory) Gonzales III v. 11. April 13. 168670. June 19. Guerrero. GR No. Commission On Audit-Region VII. Sandiganbayan. 2000 Bautista v. GR 117741. v. Desierto 529 SCRA 720 [2007] Lazatin v. Flavier. 125296. GR 162214. GR 108431. GR No. Desierto – 588 SCRA 285 [2009] Section 8. 191 SCRA 545 Almonte v. Ombudsman – 471 SCRA 542 [2005] Gemma P. 2004 People v. Ombudsman. 226 SCRA 645 Macalino v. 2007 Ombudsman v. GR NO.Acop v. GR No. GR 119990. Guerrero . Domingo. April 12. GR No. 1997 Camanag v. GR 136082. 2001 Raro v. 121017. Valera – 471 SCRA 715 [2005] Perez v. 1997 Azarcon v. 2001 Kara-an v. Appointments Section 10. 2004 Corpuz v. Vasquez. July 14. Vasquez. Sandiganbayan – 194 SCRA 474 [1991] Maceda v. 2006 Ombudsman v. 2004 Khan. Sept 29. July 20. GR No. Gr 180236. Term Section 12. September 27. Sandiganbayan. Feb 17. Feb 26. 120422. 148944. 95367. Sandiganbayan. GR No. Sandiganbayan – 451 SCRA 413 [2005] Laxina v. 1995 Deloso v. 2002 Laurel v. GR No. April 13. Rank Section 11. Duties In General Cruz v. Estandarte. 1995 Azarcon v. Vasquez – 221 SCRA 464 [1993] Macalino v. Miro. Desierto. Ombudsman. Sandiganbayan. 376 SCRA 452 BIR v. 244 SCRA 286 (1995) Uy v. April 11. Nov. Sandiganbayan – 376 SCRA 452 Garcia v. 159747. May 22. March 20. 2003 Honasan II v. Vasquez. Hon Guerrero – 286 SCRA 473 [1997] Buenasada v. 145368. Jr. May 12. Desierto. Powers. Lucero. Qualifications Section 9. 2004 Samson v. GR No. GR No. 114944. GR No. OMB. 145368. Cabalit v. Feb 5. Ombudsman. Functions. Sandiganbayan – 503 SCRA 252 Calingin v. 116033. 2002 Office of the Ombudsman v. 105965. GR No. 115103. OP – 679 SCRA 614 [2012] Section 13. Panel of Investigating Prosecutors – GR No.

CA – 527 SCRA 798 [2007] COA v. 175895. Punong Barangay. Madriaga – 503 SCRA 631 OMB v. Beltran – 588 SCRA 574 [2009] OMB v. GR 108431. July 17. Lisondra – 548 SCRA 83 Miro v. 2003 Section 14. 2010 OMB v. March 3. March 4. Abugan – 549 SCRA 34 Cesa v. desierto – 528 SCRA 20 [2007] Fact-finding distinguished from Preliminary Investigation Raro v. Jan 28. Sandiganbayan. Favier – 226 SCRA 645 [1993](when to suspension) Hagad v. COA. CA. GR No. July 23. Sandiganbayan. Fiscal Autonomy Section 15. GR No. GR 148468. September 26. Rodriguez. 166062. GR No. 2008 OMB v. COA – 543 SCRA 684[2008] Borja v. 2007 Medina v. 169079. Estendarte – 521 SCRA 155 [2007] Salvador v. De Sahagun – 562 SCRA 122 OMB v. Ranada – 492 SCRA 652 OMB v. GR 165132. Sandiganbayan. GR No. Mapa – 539 SCRA 34 [2000] OMB v. 2000 Serapio v. Gozo-Dadole – 251 SCRA 243 [1995] (nature) Vasquez v. 176478. February 4. CA – 491 SCRA 92 OMB v. 172700. Samaniego – 564 SCRA 502 Boncalon v. 2007 Sangguniang Barangay v. Hobilla-Alinio – 271 SCRA 67 [1997] (not in relation to duties) OMB v. GR No. Vasquez – 243 SCRA 497 [1995] (prosecutor’s assistance) Presidential v. Santiago – 533 SCRA 305 [2007] Govenciong v. Felix – 229 SCRA 680 [1994] (amount) Lastimosa v. OMB – 553 SCRA 357 OMB v. 2008 Perez v. 170626. CA – 550 SCRA 502 [2008] Marohomsalic v. Lucero – 508 SCRA 593 Balbastro v. CA 507 SCRA 593 Estorja v. Right to Recover Properties Unlawfully Acquired 41 . Junio – 527 SCRA 680 [2007] OMB v. 180700. GR No. 07 March 2012 (power to directly impose administrative penalties. CA. December 24. People – 553 SCRA 250 [2008] Preventive Suspension and Imposition of Penalties Buennaseda v. Sandiganbayan. Apolonio. Masing – 542 SCRA 253 [2008] Medina v. GR No. April 4. 2008 Villas Nor v. 2008 Ombudsman v. OMB – GR 171812. July 14.Ombudsman v. Cole – 547 SCRA 98 OMB v. including removal from office) Jurisdiction over Criminal Cases Natividad v. CA – 529 SCRA 245 [2007 OMB v. 2006 Buencamino v.

GR 135385. GR 162322. CA. Daza – 213 SCRA 807 (1992) Article XII. CA. PEA. Factoran – 240 SCRA 100[1995] (jura regalia) Tano v. Bantigue Point development Corporation. Loan. CA. 2005 Philippine Geothermal v. OMB Desierto. 41 PHIL 935 Laurel v. 2005 Alienation Sta. 185 SCRA 722 [1990] (possession in the concept of an owner) Republic v. February 7. 2002 La Bugal-B’laan v. May 27. Ramos. 2004 Dipido v. 187 SCRA 797 (1990) Almeda v. GR 133250. 48066. January 31. 2000 Republic v. (reiterating Presidential Ad Hoc Fact-Finding Committee on Behest Loans v. of DENR. October 18. 2000 Chavez v. GR No. 14 March 2012 (burden on applicant to prove land sought to be registered is alienable or disposable on a positive act the government) Utilization Miners v. Rosa Mining v. 2000 Cruz v. GR 135715. Insurer Government. 13 April 2011. Court of Appeals. 1991 Director of Lands v. De Guzman. GR 134992. provision applies only to civil actions for recovery of ill-gotten wealth.Heirs of Gregorio Licaros v. Garcia. 85322. Allegiance of Public Officers Caasi v. 191 SCRA 229 (1990) Sampayan v. CA. GR No. Kalahi Investments. 1. GR 112567.280 SCRA 297 [1997] (private ownership) 42 . 2004 Presidential Ad Hoc Fact-finding Committee on Behest Loans v. GR No. 48 SCRA 372 Carino v. Lledo. November 20. National Economy and Patrimony Section 1. 144302. SB. CA . Declaration of Assets and Liabilities Section 18. GR No. July 9. February 23. 124293. 160145. NHA – 530 SCRA 235 [2007] Republic v. Gozun – 485 SCRA 586 Chavez v. 1989 Land Mgt. Guaranty or Other Form of Financial Accommodation Section 17. Sec. December 6. Socrates – 278 SCRA 154 [1997] (Subsistence fisherman) Villaflor v. GR No. GR 127872. and not to criminal cases) Section 16. April 30. GR 130140. Bureau v. Regalian Doctrine Public Domain and Regalian Doctrine Lee Hong Kok v. 2004 JG Summit v. GR 157438. GR 105630. Threefold Goal of the National Economy Section 2. David. January 31. 156 SCRA 1 [1987] (mining claims) San Miguel Corporation v. Dec. Desierto. Inc. CA. November 11. Napocor. 2000 Pua v. Enciso.

Jan 27. 235 SCRA 567 Zaragosa v. GR No. Rosemoor Mining and Dev’t Corp. 235 SCRA 567 (1994) Section 9. 289 SCRA 337 (1998) Section 7. Taylor Spouses. Redmont Consolidated Mines Corp. GR No. 156364. Filipinization Manila Prince Hotel v. GR No. Osmena – 611 SCRA 164 [2010] Beurmer v. 555 SCRA 477 Section 4. 151212. 2000 Ramirez v. 192 SCRA 296 (1990) Republic v. Republic. Independent Economic and Planning Agency Section 10. 1. . GR 149927. Muller. GR 195580. June 22. Dec. 347 SCRA 128 (2000) Section 6.N.A. Lands of the Public Domain Director of Lands v. 366 SCRA (2001) Frenzel v. Vda. August 29. 2006 Dir.Republic v. CA. Aquino. 2014 Section 3. 160 SCRA 228 (1988) Apex Mining v. GSIS. Mar 30. Wolff – 441 SCRA 584 [2004] Muller v. 146 SCRA 509 (1986) Ten Forty Realty v. 152613. July 11. GR No. GR No. Specific Limits of Forest Lands and National Parks La Bugal-B’laan Tribal Assn. PR Builders – 566 SCRA 333[2008] Osmena v. GR No. 2004 Alvarez v. 2008 Ting Ho v. 267 SCRA 408 (1997) 43 . De Ramirez. 164584. 111 SCRA 704 (1982) Halili v. Teng – 558 SCRA 421 [2008] Hulst v. v. July 9. 133250. DENR. Inc. Ancestral Lands and Domain Cruz v. September 29. June 23. IAC. Catito. Muller – 500 SCRA 65 Mulller v. CA. of DENR. 143958. CA. COMELEC. CA. Lorenzana. September 25. PSALM – 682 SCRA 602 [2012] Narra Nickel Mining v. Exception for Former Filipino Citizens Republic v. CA and PREC – GR 103882. GR No. 2004 Section 5. CA. Southside. PEA. 2004. 2003 Lentfer v. 10. April 21. Amores – 686 SCRA 770 [2012] Section 8. 2009 Hulst v.. Common Good Telecom v. 287 SCRA 465 (1998) Lee v. Sec. 106401. 2003 Chavez v. 149615. T. of Lands v. Private Lands Republic v. GR127872. 2002 Republic v. PICOP – 606 SCRA 444 [2009] IID v. 2006 Matthews v. [November 25. 502 SCRA 587 Republic v. GR No. MR GR 127882. 1998] 299 SCRA 199 Republic v. Southeast Mindanao Gold. Sept. PR Builders.

which relates to National Economy and Patrimony. COMELEC. Corporations NDC v. 2003 Eastern Telecom v. and thus in the present case only to common share. 272 SCRA 18 (1997) Section 13. v. Bayantel – 687 SCRA 50 [2012] Section 12. Express Telecom 373 SCRA 316 Del Mar v. 192 SCRA 257 (1990) Boy Scouts of the Philippines v. Temporary Take-Over Agan v. CA – 299 SCRA 199 J. 28. GR 124293. GR 177131. Committee. 243 SCRA 436 (1995) Telecom v.G. 135992. 2004 Royal Cargo Corp. GR No. 289 SCRA 337 (1998) JG Summit Holdings v. PVB. Garcia. 2003 Associated Communications v. Finance Secretary Malgarito B Tebes. Moreover. 271 SCRA 36 (1997) Tanada v. Aug. Telecom Technologies. 645 SCRA 338 Francisco v. Article XII should not be construed so as to prohibit Congress from creating public corporation. Reyes. Trade Policy Espina v. 631 SCRA 17 Section 14. 144109. 2000 Section 11. GR 138295. CA. Macapagal-Arroyo. Pagcor [2001] PTC v. Section 17. Agency to Promote Cooperatives Section 16. Angara. 171396. GR No. 420 SCRA 575 David v. Article XII. and not the total outstanding capital stock comprising Express Investment v. Filipino First Policy Tanada v. Gamboa v. CA. Public Utilities Bagatsing v. TRB – 633 SCRA 470 [2010] Wilson P. Development and Practice of Professions Section 15. Section 16.Army and Navy Club v. 28 June 2011. could not have tied the hands of Congress in creating public corporation to serve any of the constitutional policies or objective. BIR. GR No. 345 SCRA 143 (2000) Republic v. Definition of capital refers only to share of stock entitled to vote in the election of directors. 246 SCRA 344 (1995) Albano v. In fact. Section 16. Zamora. CA. November 20. Summit Holdings v. Congress has enacted numerous laws creating public corporations or government agencies or instrumentalities vested with corporate powers. COA. May 2006 44 . 272 SCRA 18 (1997) Republic v. NTC. GR 176579. Angara. 175 SCRA 36 (1997) Tatad v. Adala – 526 SCRA 465 [2007] PAGCOR v. CAB – 421 SCRA 21 Metropolitan v. NTC. July 23. 07 June 2011. PIATCO. February 17.

GR 115634. 153674. 92 PHIL. National Anthem or a National Seal Section 3. 281 (1952-1953) Republic v. 213 SCRA 16 (1992) Section 19.148 SCRA 424) 1887 Republic of Indonesia v. (Group) v. 91 PHIL. Santos. CA. GR No. 26 SCRA 620 (1968) PLDT v. CA. Rosario. Luna. Immunity From Suit Liang v.Section 18. April 12. Nationalization Republic v. Paredes. Nolasco – 457 SCRA 460 (2005) Republic v. People GR 125865. DFA v. General Provisions Section 1. 665 SCRA 189 (2012) (Revisits and reiterates several Cases : GTZ v. Oct. CA. 18 SCRA 1120 (1966) Del Mar v. Santamaria. Flag of the Philippines Section 2. GR 102667 February 23. April 20. NLRC) Foundation of the Rule: A Suit Against the State Santos v. 1999 Tatad v. 79 PHIL. 2000 Mancenido v. PLDT. CA. Name. December 20. 7. CTA – 217 SCRA 340 (1993) PNR v. 2000 Shell v. Vinzons (2005) Unincorporated Agencies Mentran v. Feliciano. Unimex – 518 SCRA 20 (2007) Professional Video v. TESDA – 591 SCRA 83 (2009) Government Officers 45 . 819 (1947-1948 ) NAC v. December 17. 2000 Calub v. CA. 2006 Section 21. January 28. GR No. CA – 167 SCRA 28 (1988) Farolan v. Jalos – 630 SCRA 399(2010) China National Machinery & Equipment Corp. 2003 Avon v. NTC. Customs Arrestre. 2000 Lansang v. 132451. PVA – 51 SCRA 340 (1973) CAA v. Teodoro. Hon. Cesar D. Gr 185572. Secretary of Energy. Executive Secretary. Foreign Loans Section 22. 07 February 2012. Holy See v. 281 SCRA 330 Eastern Assurance v. Acts Inimical to the National Interest Article XVI. 203 (1952) Mobil Philippines v. LTFRB. Monopolies and Combinations Energy Regulatory Board v. IAC – 217 SCRA 401 (1993) Republic v. GR 118605. 2001 Garcia v. GR No. 113079. 149717. GR No. Eastern Telecom. 190 SCRA 717 (1990) PLDT v. April 27.

Tizon – 57 SCRA 1 [1974] US v. Agricultural product Com. CFI – 40 SCRA 464 (1971 Syquia v. Reyes – 219 SCRA 192 [1993] The Holy See v. CA – 191 SCRA 713 [1990] Vidad v. Feb. Sec. Ruiz – 136 SCRA 487 [1985] Sanders v. 2003 Consent by Law Carabao v. People – GR 125865 [January 28. Veridiano – 162 SCRA 88 [1988] U. Almeda-Lopez – 84SCRA 312 [1978] Festejo v. CFI – 110 SCRA 456 [1981] Municipality of San Fernando v.S v. IAC – 223 SCRA 11 [1993] DA v. Fernando – 94 SCRA 54 [1979] Aberca v. NLRC – 263 SCRA 290 [1996] Exceptional Circumstance to avoid injustice DOH v. CA – GR 142396. Sandoval – 220 SCRA 124 [1993] Delos Santos v. Pharmawealth – 518 SCRA 240 [2007] Foreign Government Baer v. Republic – 87 SCRA 294 [1978] Traders Royal Bank v. NLRC – 241 SCRA 598 [1995] Minucher v. IAC – 192 SCRA 305 [1990] Republic v. – 35 SCRA 224 [1970] Arcega v. Canchela – 475 SCRA 218 [2005] Agency – Propriety United States v. CA – 66 SCRA 230 [1975] Rayo v. Phil. RTC – 271 [1993] Regional Director v. Board of Liquidators – 180 SCRA 171 [1989] Liang v. CA – 229 SCRA 557 [1994] Africa v. CA – 256 SCRA 667 [1996] Waiver Republic v. Maliaman – 194 SCRA 486 [1991] PRC v. Firme – 195 SCRA 692 [1991] Republic v. NLRC – 239 SCRA 224 [1994] Larkins v. Lichauco – 489 SCRA 22 [2006] 46 . Guinto – 182 SCRA 644 [ 1990] Fontanilla v. of DPWH – 354 SCRA 566 [2001] Resulting Liability Philrock v. Sandiganbayan – [January 1992] DOH v. 2000] ADB immunity) Republic v. PCGG/Villanueva v. Rosario – 238 SCRA 524 [1994] JUSMAG v. Hidalgo – 477 SCRA 12 [2005] (writ execution) Philippine Agila v. NLRC – 227 SCRA 693 [1993] EPG v. Ver – 160 SCRA 590 [1988] Shauf v.Ministero v. Purisima – 78 SCRA 470 [1977] Santiago v. 11.

2007 Mendoza v. 41 SCRA 702 (1971) Article XVIII Transitory Provisions Sec. COMELEC. Constitutional Convention Section 4. The General Court Martial – GR No. AFP Section 5. Ratification Gonzales v. March 4. 3 Status of Laws and other Legislation Passes Prior to the Constitution Sec. AFP Requirement and Goals Section 6. War Veterans Section 8. 505 SCRA 160 Section 2. PNP. 2 Term of First House Members and Local Officials Sec. Initiative Defensor-Santiago v. MR (1997) Lambino v. GR No. 1992 Carpio v. 35 SCRA 28 (1970) Lambino v. COMELEC. v.Curato v. Pensions and Benefits for Retirees Section 9. Manila’s Finest. PPA – 590 SCRA 215 [2009] U. 505 SCRA 160 (2006) Section 3. 21 SCRA 774 (1967) Tolentino v. 139658. COMELEC. 2005 Section 7.P. Amendments or Revisions Section 1. June 21. Police Force Quilonia v. 169466. 4 Status of Treaties and International Agreements Sec. 9660. COMELEC. Amendment or Revision Imbong v. 270 SCRA 106 (1997). 1 First Election Under the New Constitution Sec. Consultative Body for Indigenous Cultural Communities Article XVII. 5 Presidential Term and Synchronization Sec. GR No. 6 President Legislative 47 . Executive Secretary – 206 SCRA 290 (1992) Department of Budget v. Ownership and Management: Mass Media and Advertising Section 12. May 9. COMELEC. COMELEC. Protection of Consumers from Trade Malpractices Section 10. Development of Filipino Capability and Communication Structures Section 11. Dizon – 679 SCRA 54 [2012] Section 4.

2001 Sec. 195 SCRA 797 (1991) Section 27. Bel-Air Village Association. 19-21 Reversion of lands and real rights illegally acquired Sec. October 10. Sandiganbayan – 242 SCRA 482 [1995] (investigate/prosecutory powers) Rumualdez v. 15 Term of Carry-over Commission Sec. 22 Idle/Abandoned lands Sec. G. GR 135962. No. Roxas – 195 SCRA 797 [1991] (vote of sequestered shares ) Araneta v. Roxas. 9 Sub-Provinces Sec. 2000 Sec.Sec. 16 Career Civil Service Officers Dario v. Effectivity De Leon v. GR 138570. Mison – 176 SCRA 84 [1989] (reorganization) Mendoza v. 17-18 Readjustment of salary Sec. 152 SCRA 602 (1987) Section 26. Esquerra. Sandiganbayan – 244 SCRA 152 [1995] (authority over ill-gotten wealth) Republic v. 7 Sectorial Representation Sec. 145401 May 7. Esguerra.R. Quisumbing – 186 SCRA 108 [1990] Ontiveros v. Ill-Gotten Wealth. 26 Sequestration Orders Joya v. 8 Metropolitan Authority MMDA v. 2000 Sec. 10-11 Security of Tenure Judges Sec. 23 Advertising Entities Sec. Troops or Facilities Bayan v. 25 Foreign Military Bases. 152 SCRA 602 (1987) 48 . Sandiganbayan – 240 SCRA 376 [1995] judicial action) Section 27. 12-14 Cases Filed Prior to Effectivity of New Constitution Sec. Zamora. PCGG – 225 SCRA 568 [1993] Republic v. March 27. 24 Private Armies Sec. Effectivity De Leon v. CA. Sequestration/Freeze Orders Cojuangco v. Sandiganbayan – 221 SCRA 189 [1993] (powers of PCGG) Cojuangco v.