Guideline for PRA and FGD

Guide Line for PRA
PRA is a set of processes designed to encourage involvement from the people to be
involved in a project. The idea is to use creative, interactive processes that enable the
people to determine what information is important to them. PRA builds on and
acknowledges local knowledge. The processes to be used in any particular situation will
chance according to the needs requirements of the project. Here following topics will be
undertaken for PRA exercise.
 SOCIAL MAPPING 
Dwellings (Sahi), Roads- paths, Water sources, Religious places, key infrastructural
facilities like, School, Anganawadi Center, Club, Bhagabata tungi etc. Location of
influential and poor HHs, Lower social groups
 RESOURCE MAPPING 
 Sourrounding villages with distance
 Common Property Resources
 Land pattern Agrl. Land, Grazing land, Wasteland, Common
land, etc.
 Water bodies River, Stream, Pond, etc.
 ForestTypes, Area, Major trees, Use
 And any other resources available in the village
 Transects 
 Physical lay out of an area
 Main land use zone
 Soils, water sources, forests
 Crops, trees, livestock
 RANKING AND SCORING 
Well being ranking –
 Destitute
 Deficit
 Self-sufficient
 Surplus/ Standard (just maintain food and cloth)

Villager’s perception about the Land Acquisition Act.disease and occurrence  Income – types. water-logging). SEASONAL CALENDAR  Analysis of seasonal factors or activities within a community or village. consumption & selling  Health issue. CPR. wage variation (men & women)  Forest – NTFPs collection time. Villager’s perception about R&R policy. Problems (livelihood. What are the major problems confronted by the affected people with regard to valuation of properties under acquisition by the projects and payment of compensation amount for the lost properties? 4. etc) faced by the affected people due to various projects. rearing. gaps in the policy and its implementation. Discussion on advantage and disadvantage of alternative compensation (land for land) 8. soil condition (degree of salinity. gaps in the legislations. contract job. their expectations and their felt needs? 6. pollution. 7. sale Issues for FGDs 1. and their suggestions on how to address those problems 5. harvesting in different time periods. Employment situation and measures to ensure temporary workers. extent of inter-cropping  Labour management – within village. when  Livestock – types.  Cropping – major crops. etc. Present and past condition of environment. 10.  Economic issue. sources. areas owned and areas cultivated. planting. skill training. and their suggestions to improve those 2. 3. out side district. self employment programme. Local/ Village based economic development plans . and their suggestions for better implementation. Land tenure systems.occupational activities in different seasons both men and women. What are the apprehensions of the affected people. Various impacts due to the project and feasible measures and strategies 9. crop grown. etc. out side village.

people and their progress  Govt. / Staffs Forestry issues. land revenue. social net. Restoration of affected rural enterprise. folklore. etc  Local NGOs/ Experienced Persons  Experiences of the local development and plans. scope and perceptions  Forest Deptt. community activities  Women leader Women issues.11. damaged infrastructures. land tenant systems. growth. Perception about village livelihood. . changing role and responsibility in HH management  Health worker Health status. nutrition. and tradition  Business persons Opportunities. people and their progress Suitable case studies will be collected based on above issues. management. mother and childcare  Old people Settlement History. caste based). officials Experiences of the project and plans. people and their progress  Village religious leader Beliefs. etc. Perception about village livelihood. businesses (traditional. MEETINGS/ DISCUSSION  Respondents Possible Information  Village leader/ Villagers Community interaction  Poor Households Community interaction  School teachers Perception about village livelihood. deforestation. environmental conditions.