US007249732B2

(12)

(54)

United States Patent

(10) Patent N0.:

Sanders, Jr. et al.

(45) Date of Patent:

AERODYNAMICALLY STABLE, VTOL

3,110,456 A

AIRCRAFT
(75)

US 7,249,732 B2
Jul. 31, 2007

11/1963 Creasey et a1. .......... .. 244/123

(Continued)

Inventors: John K. Sanders, Jr., Costa Mesa, CA

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OTHER PUBLICATIONS

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Beach, CA (US)

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(Contrnued)
(73) Assrgnee: UFOZ, LLC, Karlua, Oahu, HI (US)

Primary ExamineriTimOthy D‘ Collins

( * ) Notice:

(74) Attorney’ Agent’ or FlrmiLelghton K‘ Chong

Subject to any disclaimer, the term of this
patent is extended or adjusted under 35

U.S.C. 154(b) by 0 days.

(57)

ABSTRACT

Ahover aircraft emP lo y 5 an air imP eller en g ine having an air

(21)

APP1~ NOJ 11/379,963
_

(22)

Flled?

channel duct and a rotor With outer ends of its blades ?xed
to an annular impeller disk that is driven by magnetic

APY- 24’ 2006
_

(65)

_

induction elements arrayed in the air channel duct. The
_

air-impeller engine is arranged vertically in the aircraft

Pnor Pubhcatlon Data

Us 2007/0034738 A1

frame to provide vertical thrust for vertical takeoif and

Feb 15, 2007

landing. Preferably, the air-impeller engine employs dual,

Related US. Application Data

coaxial, contra-rotating rotors for increased thrust and gyro
scopic stability. An air vane assembly directs a portion of the

(60) Division of application No. 10/763,973,‘ ?led on Jan.

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52’ 2:.)04inOZnPa; N011 719323851’
1m? 101211330030 app 10a Ion
on an‘

(51)
(52)
58
(

)

0'

{65nd

movement. The aircraft can employ a single engine in an

e

annular fuselage, tWo engines on a longitudinal fuselage

'

Int. or.
B64C 15/00

chassis, three engines in a triangular arrangement for for
Ward ?i t stabili , or other multi le en ine arran ements

(2006 01)

‘y
P
g
g
in a symmetric, balanced con?guration. Other ?ight control

us. Cl. .................. .. 244/23 A- 244/121' 416/170
F M f Cl _? t_
s
h ’
244/1’2 1 12 3

mechanisms. may be employed’ including Side wlnglets’ an
overhead Wmg, and/or arr rudders or ?aps. An mtegrated

1e

0

assl ca Ion

' f

?ight control system can be used to operate the various ?ight

244/1712 60’ 23 R’ 23 A’ 23 B’ 1711f
310/46’ 61T63’ 417/350’ 420’ 423'1’ 423'7’

control mechanisms. Electric poWer is supplied to the mag
netic induction drives by high-capacity lightweight batteries

_

earc

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_

416/170

See apphcanon ?le for Complete Search hlstory'
(56)

References Cited

for quiet surveillance, maneuvering in close air spaces, and
long duration ?ights for continuous surveillance of ground
targets and important facilities requiring constant monitor

Us. PATENT DOCUMENTS
2,077,471 A *

4/1937

2,943,816 A

7/1960 Hiller, Jr. ..

3,082,977 A *

3/1963

or fuel cells. The hover aircraft is especially Well suited for

applications requiring VTOL deployment, hover operation

Fink ........................ .. 244/123

ing.

244/23 R

Arlin ..................... .. 244/1723

17 Claims, 29 Drawing Sheets

US 7,249,732 B2
Page 2
US. PATENT DOCUMENTS
3,184,183 A

5/1965

3,437,290 A

4/1969 Norman

6,113,029 A
6,464,166 B1

Plasecki ----------------- -~ 244/23 R

3,914,629 A

10/1975

3,997,131 A

12/1976 Kling .... ..

244/23 R

4,880,071 A *

11/1989 Tracy

. 180/117

4,953,811 A
5,303,879 A

Gardiner ..

244/121

9/1990 Smith
4/1994 Bucher

6,568,630 B2

2004/0069901 A1*

9/2000 Salinas ................... .. 244/23 C
10/2002 Yoeli .
244/12.1
5/2003

Yoeli ...................... .. 244/23 R

4/2004 Nunnally ................ .. 244/34 R

. 310/4

244/ 1719
244/23 C

OTHER PUBLICATIONS

http://WWW.aer0m0bile.com/aeromobileivers2/Vide0s/vide0i
gimbalfan/videoigimbalfan,htm,

5,351,911 A

10/1994 Neumayr -

244/23 C

Of?ce of Secreatry of Defense, “Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

5,454,531 A

10/1995 Melkuti

244/12.6

Roadmap, 20002025» dated Apr‘ 2001‘

5,653,404 A *

8/1997 Ploshkin ..

244/12.2

5,738,302 A

4/1998 Freeland ..

.. 244/23 R

* cited by examiner

U.S. Patent

Jul. 31, 2007

Sheet 1 0f 29

US 7,249,732 B2

U.S. Patent

Jul. 31, 2007

Sheet 2 0f 29

US 7,249,732 B2

Patent Jul. 2007 Sheet 3 0f 29 US 7.732 B2 .S. 31.249.U.

Patent Jul. 31.S. 2007 Sheet 4 0f 29 US 7.249.U.732 B2 .

S. Patent Jul.U.732 B2 Fig.249. 5c . 31. 2007 Sheet 5 0f 29 US 7.

2007 Sheet 6 0f 29 US 7.732 B2 .U. 31.S. Patent Jul.249.

S.249.732 B2 . Patent Jul.U. 31. 2007 Sheet 7 0f 29 US 7.

U.732 B2 . Patent Jul. 31. 2007 Sheet 8 0f 29 US 7.S.249.

249. Patent v I Jul.S.732 B2 . 2007 f‘ Sheet 9 0f 29 US 7.U. 31.

732 B2 107 104 Fig 100 .S.249. Patent Jul. 2007 Sheet 10 0f 29 US 7. 31.U.

S. Patent Jul.249.732 B2 .U. 2007 Sheet 11 0129 US 7. 31.

2007 Sheet 12 0f 29 US 7. Patent Jul.U.S. 31.732 B2 .249.

732 B2 .249.S.U. 2007 Sheet 13 0f 29 US 7. Patent Jul. 31.

.

249. Patent Jul.732 B2 0M4. 31. 2007 Sheet 15 0f 29 US 7.S. mp .U.

Patent A1 0 Jul.S. A12 16 .U. 31.249. 2007 Sheet 16 0f 29 US 7.732 B2 A1 1 A16 FIG.

U. .732 B2 17FIG. 2007 Sheet 17 0f 29 US 7.S. 31.249. Patent Jul.

180 181 5 E 182 5 Z < 4 183 E E % 2 5 F X181 X181 0 o 183 5 IHIHI TIFIII_ Y182 ' ' ' FIG. 2007 Sheet 18 0f 29 US 7. Y182 Illllllh.S. 31.U.732 B2 | II'ITIIIIl|||IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII'I'I'HHIH . . Patent ||||||| Jul. .249. 184 . 18B .