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It does not. take into account the various stress conditions Imposed by the different types of application.This table is intended to facilitate the steel choice. Our technical consultancy staff will be glad to assist you in any questions concerning the use and processing of steels. . however.

all-purpose grade. highly stressed cold work tools.Properties High grade. Applications Turning and milling tools for roughing and finishing work. tool bits. in %) Standards . wear resistance and red hardness. tungsten-molybdenum high speed steel. with optimum cutting proper ties. wood working tools. Chemical analysis (Average values.

Soaking time after heating up the whole section of a work piece 80 seconds minimum is required for dissolving sufficient carbides. salt bath (500 to 550°C (932 to 1022°F).Hot forming Forging: 1100 to 900°C (2012 to 1652°F) Slow cooling in furnace or in thermoinsulating material. 300 Brinell. The time in the vacuum furnace depends on the relevant work piece size and furnace parameters. Hardness after annealing: max. Stress relieving: 600 to 650°C (1112 to 1202°F) Slow cooling in furnace. Heat treatment Annealing: 770 to 840°C (1418 to 1544°F) / Controlled slow cooling in furnace ( 10 to 20°C/h / (50 to 68°F/h) to approx. hold in neutral atmosphere for 1 to 2 hours. Vacuum hardening is also possible. After through heating. 600°C (1112°F). air coo ling. Har dening: 1200 to 1240°C (2192 to 2264°F) Oil. lower for parts of complex shape.To relieve stresses set up by extensive machining or in tools of in tricate shape. “see immersion time diagrams”. . Maximum soaking time 150 seconds to avoid detriments by over soaking. In practice instead of soaking time the time of exposure from placing the work piece into the salth bath after pre heating until removing (including the stages of heating to the specified surface temperature and of heating to the tem perature throughout the whole section) is used. For cold working tools also lower temperatures are of inportance for higher toughness. Upper temperature range for parts of simple shape. vacuum.

150 se conds Preheating at 550°C 1022°F).Immersion time chart (salt bath) Austenitising time (har de ning tem perature) 80 se conds ... 850°C (1562°F) and 1050°C (1922°F)... Heat treatment sequence ..

Obtainable hardness after tempering: 65 .67 HRC.50°C (86-122°F) below highest tempering temperature. but not less than 2 hours/ air coo ling (minimum hol ding time: 1 hour). plasma and gas nitriding. 30 .Tempering: Slow heating to tempering temperature immediately after hardening/time in furnace:1 hour for every 20 mm of work piece thickness. Average obtainable hardness values are shown in the tempering chart. Tempering chart Hardening temperature: 1210°C (2210°F) Specimen size: square 20 mm Surface treatment Nitriding: Parts made from this steel can be bath. 1st tem pe ring and 2nd tempering to desired working hardness. . 3rd tem pering for stress relieving.

. . 18.1 K/min cooling rate in K/min in the 800 . du ration of cooling from 800-500°C (1472-932°F) in s x 10-2 5 K/min . . 90 phase percentages 0.Austenitising temperature: 1210°C (2210°F) Holding time: 150 seconds Vickers hardness 3 ..e.500°C (1472 .6 cooling parameter..932°F) range Ms-Ms’ ..range of grain boundary martensite formation .002 . .. . i..

. Austenit / Austenite B. Ledeburitkarbid / Ledeburite carbide RA....... Rest aus te nit / Retained austenite .Quantitative phase diagram A.... Perlit / Perlite Lk.... Martensit / Martensi te P.. Bainit / Bai ni te K..... Karbid / Carbide M.

Austenitising temperature: 1210°C (2210°F) Holding time: 150 seconds .

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..................460 .........20°C (68°F) .....................20°C (68°F) ........K) Electrical re sistivity at .8.....20°C (68°F) ...........W/(m......19 .N/mm2 As regards applications and pro cessing steps that are not expressly mentioned in this product description/data sheet......................30 .80 ...20°C (68°F) ..Ohm......20°C (68°F) ..........J/(kg...............217x103........K) Specific heat at .............kg/dm3 Thermal conductivity at .......................Density at .......................... .................0.....mm2/m Modulus of elasticity at ............. the customer shall in each individual case be required to consult us...

1000 G .02 .DE 04.The data contained in this brochure is merely for general information and the refore shall not be binding on the com pa ny. The manufacture of our products does not involve the use of sub stances detrimental to health or to the ozone layer. We may be bound only through a con tract explicitly stipulating such data as binding. S700 .