GOVERNMENT OF KERALA

INDIA
Kerala’s
Additional Skill Acquisition Program
in Post-Basic Education
The views expressed in this paper are the views of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views or
policies of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), or its Board of Governors, or the governments they
represent. ADB does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this paper and accepts no
responsibility for any consequence of their use. The countries listed in this paper do not imply any view on
ADB's part as to sovereignty or independent status or necessarily conform to ADB's terminology.

Kerala - Best Socio-Economic Profile in India
Kerala

India

93.9%

73

Literacy Rate % (male)

96

81

Literacy Rate % (female)

94

65

12

42

IMR (male)

10

41

IMR (female)

13

42

74.2

66.1

Life Expectancy (male)

76.9

67.7

Life Expectancy (female)

71.5

64.6

Poverty Headcount Ratio% [2011-12] (2004-05)

7.1% (19.6%)

21.9% (37.2%)

Sex ratio (Females per 1000 population) [2011]

1084

943

Total Population

3,34,06,061

121,08,54,977

Total Males

1,60,27,412

62,32,70,258

Total Female

1,73,78,649

58,75,84,719

Decadal Rate of Growth of Population % [2001-2011]

4.9%

17.7%

Urban population as share of total % [2011]

47.7%

31.2%

Literacy Rate % [2011]

Infant Mortality Rate (per 1000 live births) [2012]

Life Expectancy (in years) [average 2006-10]

INDIA: Kerala’s Additional Skill Acquisition Program in Post-Basic Education

Kerala‘s Employment Paradox
Universalization of Education
59.9 % of Higher
Secondary & Degree
passouts are
unemployed in Kerala

Only 30.06% is
Kerala female are in
Work Force

Looking for
Government Jobs

Kerala‘s Employment Paradox

Attitudinal
Changes

INDIA: Kerala’s Additional Skill Acquisition Program in Post-Basic Education

Closing The Employability Gap : Kerala Model
“…To increase the employability of our youth by imparting required industry skills”

SSDP
(State Skill Development Project)

ASEP
(Additional Skill Enhancement Programme)

Curative Dimension
UPGRADE EMPLOYABILITY OF
THOSE IN WORK (ASEP)

ASAP
(Additional Skill Acquisition Programme)

Preventive Dimension
SKILLING THE STUDENTS
OF HSS & UG
Communicative English & Basic
Information Technology

INDIA: Kerala’s Additional Skill Acquisition Program in Post-Basic Education

ASAP – Making post-basic education job-oriented

Foundation

• 300 – 600 hours

• 180 hours for
Communicative
English and Basic IT

• 120-240 hours for
skill sector chosen
by the student for
specialization.

ASAP
Programme

Internship
• 150 hours of
Internship

Skill

SUMMER SKILL SKOOL

Target Audience
Statistics

+ 2 Students, Final Year Degree Students
No of Students: 9427

Male : 3988

Female : 5439

INDIA: Kerala’s Additional Skill Acquisition Program in Post-Basic Education

ASAP Key Features
• First Result Based Lending loan in India by ADB

• Government designed and owned, but with strong private sector
engagement from the beginning
• Forging links between schools, university, and industry
• Pro-poor and gender focus / (GEN project)

• Courses identified and delivered in partnership with sector skills councils
(SSCs) and industry associations (IAs)
• Design and supervision consulting (DSC) firm - mobilized in April 2014.
Survey of 11 sites completed. DPRs for Community skills parks (CSPs) to be
issued by August 2015
6

INDIA: Kerala’s Additional Skill Acquisition Program in Post-Basic Education

ASAP Structure ($100 million)
DLI 1:
Increase in the
employability rate
of ASAP trainees
($10 million)

Output 1:
Market-relevant
vocational training
introduced in postbasic education

DLI 2:
New or updated
industry-accredited
vocational courses

($15 million)

Outcome: Increased employability of ASAP certificate holders
(female and male employability will be tracked separately)

Output 2:

Output 3:

Access to quality
vocational
training
enhanced

Increased awareness
and private sector
participation
facilitated
DLI 4:
Number of students
enrolled in ASAP level
1 courses
($25 million; target
60%+ for females)

DLI 3:
Number of CSPs
established and
SDCs renovated

($30 million)

DLI 5:
Number of private
training providers
engaged ($10 million)

Output 4:
Improved program
management and
M&E

DLI 6:
Number of SDEs
empaneled
($10 million; target
60%+ for females)

INDIA: Kerala’s Additional Skill Acquisition Program in Post-Basic Education

Highlights of ASAP

Foundation Training @
Parent Institutions
Skill Training at ASAP
Skill Development Centers
These Skill Development
Centers will get
transformed to

Community Skill
Parks in the nearby
future.

Mix and match of TSPs
such as SSC,
International
Organizations ,
Industrial organizations,
Private partners etc.

Continuous &
Comprehensive Evaluation
Process for Skill & British
Council APTIS test for
foundation
Final Assessment &
Certification : Skill
Proficiency Test by the
Industry/Assessment
Agency and certificates by
SSC and Govt of Kerala

Atleast 55% Practical and Compulsory Internship
INDIA: Kerala’s Additional Skill Acquisition Program in Post-Basic Education

Quality Assurance @ASAP
 Regular institutional visits of Programme Managers
 Student Feedback in regular intervals
 Capturing video clips of sessions as per the video monitoring

system protocols
 Assessing the videos and assigning grades by the Quality
Assessors using an evaluation Rubric
 Based on the grades re-training for SDEs

Quality Framework
INDIA: Kerala’s Additional Skill Acquisition Program in Post-Basic Education

MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMS

Automated Scheduling

Web based attendance
tracking for students and SDEs

Comprehensive
student data

Technology based staff
Fully automated
Moodle for Life Long
monitoring and evaluation
electronic payment system
Learning
INDIA: Kerala’s Additional Skill Acquisition Program in Post-Basic Education

Growth Trend in ASAP
No of Skill Development Centers &
Institutions
No of SDCs

No of Instituitions

953

Number of Skill Courses
100

91

50
0
437

19

12

26

Number
of Skill
Courses

102

2012-13

33
2013-14

105

2014-15

INDIA: Kerala’s Additional Skill Acquisition Program in Post-Basic Education

Male – Female Student Analysis
15000

APL – BPL Student Analysis
15000

10000

10000

5000

5000

0

0
2012-13

2013-14

Male

2014-15

2012-13
APL

Female

2013-14
BPL

SC/ST/OBC Student Analysis
TPS SDE Analysis

10000
8000

6000
4000
2000
0
2012-13
SC

2013-14
ST

OBC

2014-15

2014-15

Youth Aspirations versus Incremental Manpower Demand
ASAP focuses on trades shown in
yellow

Incremental Manpower
Demand

High

Medium

Low

Building Construction

Communication

Banking, financial services,
and insurance

Food Processing

Retail
Travel, Tourism and
Hospitality
Real estate Services

IT & ITes
Healthcare
Engineering Products
Education and Skill
Development

Handlooms and
Handicrafts

Utilities
Transportation and Logistics Media Entertainment
Textiles and Garments

Low

Medium

High

Youth Aspirations
Source: 2013 Kerala Skill-gap study – National Skill
Development Corporation

13

ACCOUNTING

FEMALE

PLUMBING

ENTERTAIN…

BEAUTY…

AUTOMOTIVE

LOGISTICS

RETAIL

CONSTRUCT…

HOSPITALITY

ELECTRONICS

PRINTING

RUBBER

TELECOM

MEDIA

IT & ITES

BFSI

HEALTH CARE

Sector Gender Wise Enrolment

MALE

ASAP Employee Pattern

Male
Programme
Managers

Skill
Development
Executives

Programme
Executives

ASAP
Coordinators

Female

INDIA: Kerala’s Additional Skill Acquisition Program in Post-Basic Education

ASAP Women of the Year 2014 !!!!
Ms LEEMA METILDA, ASAP Coordinator

“ASAP INCREASED MY
CONFIDENCE AND
GAVE ME AN IDENTITY”
Minnu Mathew
kanianchal school

THANK YOU