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You are on page 1of 253

Dear Recipient,

You are privileged to obtain a partial collection of answers for MEG 207 Dynamics. This

document was compiled from PDF files collected during Fall of 2002 and Spring 2003. I have

complied them into one document with Bookmarks to aid you in quickly finding the solutions you

need. Unfortunately this isnt a complete compilation of all of the answers, but comprehensive

enough to help complement your studies.

Engineering Mechanics, Dynamics, Second Edition.

ISBN: 0-471-05339-2

Happy Studies!

Chapter 13

Chapter 14

Chapter 15

Chapter 16

Chapter 17

Old Exams

Name:___________________

Last

First

MEG 207, SPRING 2002, FIRST TEST

Closed Book, one page of handwritten notes allowed. Enter the answer for each question

into the space provided. Enter SI units in all answer spaces with brackets ( ).

2

1. (15 points) A vehicle traveling at 108 km/h suddenly decelerates at a rate of 3 m/s .

a) Determine the time needed for the vehicle to come to rest.

b) Determine the distance traveled between the beginning of braking, and the full stop.

1(a) v0 := 108

1000

in m/s

a := 3

3600

v ( t) v0 + a t General equation. Solving for t when v=0

v0

gives: t :=

and

t = 10

a

1

2

2

1 (b) v*dv = a*dx or a distance

( 0 v0)

v0

distance

:=

distance = 150

2

2 a

Answers: a)

Tstop =

10

b)

dStop =

150

units)

( m

units)

2. (20 points) A ball of mass m is thrown horizontally from a bridge 30 m above ground.

It touches ground at distance d = 15 m. Determine the ball's initial velocity. No friction.

v0

A (x0,y0)

y

h = 30 m

x

horiz. distance

d = 15 m

Horizontal: d = v0*t. Vertical: y(t) = y0 -1/2*g*t^2. At point B, y = 0.

Given

d v0 t

0

h 0.5 g t

2.473

6.065

res =

Answer

v0 =

6.065

m/s

g := 9.81

a counterclockwise sense around the circular slot with

radius r = 2 m. Determine (a) the angular velocity of P.

(b) the total acceleration vector ( Use polar coordinates:

er and e directions) of pin P when = 30 degrees.

(c) the magnitude and angle of the resultant acceleration

vector in Cartesian x-y coordinates.

P

y

R=2

2

2

have r* = - 2*2.25 m/s

(c) Resultant Acceleration is purely inward, thus:

o

o

ax = -4.5*cos 30 and ay = -4.5*sin 30

4.5

Answer

=

aP =

( rad/s

-4.5

er

e (m/s )

aP =

4. (25 points) Wind-driven rain is falling

0

with a speed of 30 m/s at an angle of 20

to the vertical as shown at left.

Determine the angle at which the rain

is seen by passengers inside the bus. The

bus is traveling at 72 km/h.

Rai

n

20 0

v = 72 km/h

Vbus = 20m/s

v R/B,x = -Vbu ---VR*sin(20deg) = -30.2 m/s

VRain/bus

-1

43 deg.

5. (20 points) In the pulley system shown at left, the cable is attached at C. Mass B

moves to the left at vB = 3 m/s, and accelerates

y

2

B

also to the left at aB = 0.5 m/s . Using the x-y

x

C frame with origin at C, determine:

(a) the velocity of A

(b) the acceleration of A

Differentiation gives:

2 vB = vA

and

2 aB = aA

Answer

vA =

6 m/s

aA =

1 m/s

Name:___________________

Last

First

MEG 207, Spring 2002, Third Test

Closed Book, one page of handwritten notes allowed. Enter the answer for each question

into the space provided. Enter SI units in all answer spaces with brackets ( ).

2

1. (25 points) The thin, uniform rod (Length L, mass m, Inertia: IG = mL /12.) rotates

about fixed point A as it is released from rest in the horizontal position shown. At the

instant immediately following the release, determine

(a) the angular acceleration of the rod.

(b) the acceleration, aB, of the point B.

Sum of moments about A:

J

m

mg*L/2 = IA*

B

A

2

2

i

IA = IG +m*(L/2) = (1/12+1/4)*mL =

2

Unit vectors g

=mL /3

L

Inserting into the first equation

gives:

2

mg*L/2 = mL /3 *

after simplification and regrouping we get:

Rod = 3g/(2L)

Part (b):

A is center of rotation. Thus aB = L* = 3g/2

b) aB

= - 3g/2 in ---j-direction

2. (30 points) A uniform plate of steel of length L = 1 m and mass m = 200 kg is placed

onto a truck bed as shown. The plate cannot slide at point A, but can rotate about A.

Determine the maximum allowable acceleration of the truck so that the plate does not

rotate.

B

At max. accel, contact force Bx = 0.

Bx

J

From free-body diagram:

Ax = m*ax

Ay = m*g

mg

60 0

atruck

Ax

Truck

Ay

m*ax = m*g* cos()/sin()

2

k = 1.2 kN/m

Mass = 3 kg

k = 0.2

2 meters

Spring is compressed

at time of release

Uncompressed

spring position

m/s

Units)

compressed by 2 m. The 3-kg block shown is not

attached to the spring. After release from rest, the

block travels along the rough surface (k = 0.2).

Determine the position xfinal at which the block comes

to rest.

Forces doing work:

Spring: Fsrping

Friction Ffrict

ds

ds

2

x = 2*1200/(0.2*3kg&9.81m/s ) = 407.7 m

Answer xfinal =

407.7

Units)

(a) Determine the minimum velocity at B (immediately before reaching the upper

conveyor) so that the parcel does not drop at B.

(b) Determine the minimum velocity v0 at point A so that the parcel reaches point B at

the minimum velocity computed in part (a).

Given: Radius r , mass m, g. No friction. Neglect the package thickness!

(Use Energy method)

Answer (a)

In order not to fall

2

v /r

off at B, gravity

g

r

v0

Part (b)

2

Only gravity does work: mg ds

Thus

2

After simplification, we get:

2

v0 = 5gr

(b) v0,min =

1/2

(gr)

1/2

(5gr)

centripetal

acceleration:

2

v /r = g

or

2

v ,min = g*r

Name:_____KEY________

Last

First

UNIVERSITY OF NEVADA, LAS VEGAS

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

MEG 207, Spring 2002, Final Examination

Closed Book, two pages of handwritten notes allowed. Enter the answer for each question into the

space provided. Enter correct dimensional SI units where applicable.

1. (10 points) A point mass of 10 kg is tossed horizontally from 30 m above ground. The

mass lands on the ground at a distance of 40 m from a point on the ground directly below

the tossing point. Determine the initial velocity of the

mass.

v0*t = x1 = 40 (1)

2

y1 = 0 = y0 ---- *g*t

(2)

inserting into (1) gives: v0 = 40/t = 16.17 m/s

Answer: v0 =

16.17 m/s

2. (15 points) A point mass m is suspended from two wires AB and CD. Determine the

tension in the other wire CD

(a) before AB is cut

(b) immediately after AB is cut.

A, eR

B

mg

mg

A

o

Thus: A = 0.742*mg

(b) After AB is cut: Reaction B disappears. Using polar coordinates:

o

o

Summing in radial dir: A-mg*cos(20 ) = m*r_ddot = 0, thus A = mg*cos(20 ) = 0.94*mg

(b) Tension in Cable CD after cut

= 0.94*mg

3. (20 points) A collar with mass 5 kg slides in the vertical plane along the curved rod

shown. It is attached to an elastic spring with undeformed length of 150 mm, and k = 600

N/m. The collar is released from rest at A.

Determine the collar's speed at B.

T1 + V1 = T2 + V2

T1 = 0

2

0.1meters

0.05 meters

mg*0.2

2

2

2 2

v2 = 0.9 + 3.924 = 4.824 m /s

vB

2.196

m/s

units)

4. (15 points) The 12-kg mass B is dropped with a horizontal velocity v0 = 2.5 m/s onto the

30-kg luggage cart (k = 0.5), which is initially at rest and can roll freely. Determine the

velocity of the luggage cart after mass B has reached

the same velocity as the cart.

principle. This neglects the energy loss due to friction

as the package slides on the cart.

2

T1 + V1 = T2 + V2

T1 = mBv1

2

2

v2 = (12*6.25)/42 = 1.78 m /s

Answer (a) v

1.336

m/s

units)

5. (20 points) Center B of the double pulley has a velocity of 0.6 m/s, and an acceleration

2

of 2.4 m/s , both directed downward. R= 2m, r = 0.8 m. Determine the total acceration

vector of point D.

Point C is an instantaneous center.

= vB/r = -0.75 rad/s clockwise

2

= aB/r = -3 rad/s clockwise

2

aD = (0 ---- 2.8* )i + 2.8**j

aD

m/s

units)

6. (20 points) The uniform rod AB with mass m and length L is relased from rest at an

angle of 0 as shown. Assuming that no sliding occurs, determine (a) the angular

acceleration of the rod just after release. (b) the normal reaction and friction force at point

A just after release.

Pure rotation about A.

0

i

*L*

J

g

2

mg

(B) Reactions at A:

Forces in x-dir: F = m*ax = m*1/2*L*cos(0)*

or

N=

Name:_____KEY________

Last

First

MEG 207, Spring 2003, Third Test

Closed Book, one page of handwritten notes allowed. Enter the answer for each question into the space

provided. Enter SI units in all answer spaces with brackets ( ).

1. (25 points) A disk(mass m= 2kg, r= 0.1m Inertia: IG = mr2/2.) is rigidly attached to massless rod AB

(Length R = 0.5m) and released from rest in the horizontal position. At the instant immediately following

the release, determine

(a) the angular acceleration of the rod.

(b) the acceleration, aB, of the point B.

(fixed)

r=

0.1

A

R=0.5m

VB

g

ANSWER

mB*g*R= IA*

IA = IG +mB*(R)2 = (0.01/2+0.25)* mB = 0.255*mB

Inserting into the first equation gives:

mBg*R = 0.255*mB *

after simplification and regrouping we get:

Rod = R*g/(0.255) = 0.5*9.81/0.255 = 19.2 rad/s2

Part (b):

2

2

b) aB = R* = 0.5 = 9.62 m/s

2. (25 points) A uniform rectangular crate of height = 0.5 m, width 0.2m and mass m = 200 kg is placed

onto a truck bed as shown. The crate cannot slide at point B, but can rotate about B. Determine the

maximum allowable acceleration of the truck so that the crate does not rotate.

[

0.2m

mg

Crate

g

i

0.5m

FB

atruck

B

N

N = mg

Moments about G: 0.25*FB - 0.1*mcrate*g = 0

(1)

(2)

atruck = g/2.5

m/s

Units)

3. (30 points) The spring (k = 1500 N/m) is initially uncompressed. The 3-kg block shown is released from

rest 4m above the spring and falls onto the spring. Using the energy method, determine

(a) the velocity at which the block hits the spring at y = 0 m.

(b) the amount of maximum spring

compression, , caused by the

impacting block.

3kg

Answer

2

4m

2

2 2

2

(c)

T3 T2 = *k* + m*g*

(d) T3 = 0

Spring is initially

uncompressed

k = 1.5 kN/m

2

2 2

T2

(substitute d = at right)

Answer

750 d + 3 9.81 d

vimpact (y=0) =

8.86

m/s

Units)

max. compression =

0.377

Units)

4. (20 Points) A point mass pendulum (mass m, Length L) is released from rest at an initial angle 0 = 45

as shown.

(a) Determine the maximum velocity of the pendulum

(b) Determine the pendulum tension at = 0.

Given: Length L , mass m, g. No friction. (Use Energy method)

B

fixed

(a)

2

Rope length L

v2 = 2g L(1- cos(0)

0 = 450

m

1

h = L(1- cos(

0)

=0

v2 = vmax

2

(b) Max. tension Force exists at (2): Sum of forces in radial dir. (inward towards center B):

2

T mg = m* v2 /L

2

T = m(g+ v2 /L)

[ 2g L(1- cos(0)]1/2

m(g+ v2 /L)

Name:________KEY______

Last

First

UNIVERSITY OF NEVADA, LAS VEGAS

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

MEG 207, SPRING 2003, Final Examination

Closed Book, three pages of handwritten notes allowed. Enter the answer for each question into the space provided.

Enter correct dimensional SI units where applicable.

1. (15 points) A player throws a ball horizontally from point A at an elevation 2m above ground.

The ball lands on the flat ground at point B, at a distance of 20 m from the origin.

Determine

(a) the initial velocity at which the ball was thrown

(b) the time elapsed between points A and B

A (x0,y0)

vo

yo = 2 m

horiz. distance

d = 20 m

xB = 20 = vo*t + 0 (xo = 0)

(1)

After integrating in j-direction: yB = 0 = 0 *g*t2 + 2 (yo = 2)

From (2): t2 = 4/g inserting into (1) gives: vo = 20/t = 20*(g/4)1/2 = 31.3 m/s

Answer: vo = 31.3

t = 0.64

m/s

s

(2)

m=10 kg, which is initially at rest with the attached

spring (k = 200 N/m) unstretched. Determine

(a) the maximum velocity of the mass.

(b) the maximum stretch of the spring.

k = 200 N/m

Mass =

F= 50 N

10 kg

no friction

unstretched

spring position

Spring is unstretched

at time of release

F x

1

2

k x

2

F k x

1

2

m( v( x) )

2

m v ( x)

d

dx

v ( x)

(b) Both start and final velocities must be zero: T2 T1 = F*x - *k* x2 = 0

Two solutions: x1 = 0 (start point)

x2 : 2F - k* x = 0

x2 = 2F/k = meters

(a) vmax

(b) xmax

=

=

1.12

0.5

m/s

m

= 5 m/s is constant to the left,

J

B

determine for the instant shown :

C

10 m

(a) the angular velocity of rod

i

BC

4m

(b)

the angular acceleration of

30

Unit vectors

vA = 5 m/s

rod AB.

A

(a) Vector equation:

VB = VA + VB/A

Thus: RB/C*BC*j = -vA*i + RB/A*AB*(-sin30o i + -cos30o j) Components:

i: vA = RB/A*AB*sin30o

AB = vA /(RB/A*sin30o) = - 5/(10*0.5) = -1 rad/s

o

j: RB/C*BC = RB/A*AB *cos30 BC = -RB/A*AB cos30o /RB/C = +10*0.866/4 = 2.165 rad/s;

VB/A

(b) aA = 0. only centripetal and angular accel terms exist. Vector eq. AB = AA + AB/A

-RB/C*BC2*i + RB/C*BCj = RB/A*AB2 *(-sin30o j + cos30o i) + RB/A*AB*(-sin30o i - cos30o j)

j: RB/C*BC = -RB/A*AB2 *sin30o - RB/A*AB* cos30o

i: -RB/C*BC2 = RB/A*AB2 * cos30o - RB/A*AB*sin30o

AB = -(RB/C*BC2 + RB/A*AB2 * cos30o )/(RB/A*sin30o) = - (4*4.69 + 10*1*0.866)/5 = - 5.48 rad/s2

BC =

2.165 rad/s

AB =

- 5.48 rad/s2 cw

4. (15 points) The frictionless system of masses A (40 kg) and B (10 kg) is released from rest.

Determine:

(a) the acceleration of mass A.

(b) the tension in the cable

Mass A moves in i-direction, and B in j-direction

g only.

m = 40 kg

Newton: A: Fx = T = m A x Constraint eq.: x = -y

B:

m = 10 kg

i

Unit vectors

x =

= T m B * g = m B y = m B x

mB g

= 98.1/50 = 1.962 m/s2

ma + mB

1.962 m/s2

(a) aA =

(b) T =

78.5 N

5. (15 points) Gear D is stationary. Gear C has radius rC = 100 mm. Bar AB has a length of 200

mm. As Bar AB rotates counterclockwise at AB = 5 rad/s, determine

(a) The angular velocity of gear C

(b) The total acceleration vector (in Cartesian i-j

coordinates) of point P on gear C. Point P is

located 100 mm below B, normal to the line AB.

J

Ctr

P

i

Unit vectors

(a) The Contact of gear D with gear B is an inst. Center. We have: vB = 200*B = 100*C

C = 2*5 = 10 rad/s

(b) AP = AB + AP/B aP =

- 200*52*i + 100*102*j

C =

Vector

aP =

10

rad/s

-5 i +

10 j m/s2

6. (20 points) The uniform rod AB with mass m is released from rest at an angle of 60 degrees as

shown. Assuming that no sliding occurs, determine (a) the angular acceleration of the rod just after

release. (b) the normal reaction and friction force at point B. Moment of Inertia for the rod, at center

of mass: IG = mL2/12.

L

i

g

mg

60 0

fixed point B.

Parallel axis Theorem: IB = IG

+ m(L/2)2 =mL2(1/12+1/4) =

mL2/3

Newton about B:

1

L

m

M B = 2 mg * 2 = I B * = 3 L2 *

(b) Reactions: Newton in x- and y- directions:

y =

L

= 3g / 16

4

= N mg = my

= F = mx = mg * 0.433

L

x = * 0.866 = + g * 0.433(Crossproduct > 0)

2

L/2

0.866*L

L/4

Rod =

3g/(4L)

13mg/16

F = 0.433*mg

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