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ADDITIONAL

MATHEMATICS PROJECT

WORK 2015

TITLE: COFFEE

NAME:

SCHOOL NAME:

IC NUMBER:

ADVISOR:

Content Page

13 9 14 .12. y of the coffee level in the cup (b) (i) Determine and tabulate the rate of increase of the height of the coffee in the cup (ii) Interpretation of data and discussion 6. Maths Project Work? (b) Moral values that I practice when doing the project 11.9 6 Task 4 The investigation of the rate of flow of coffee in the cup when k varies 4(a) Determine and tabulate the rate of flow of coffee into the cup when k varies using Microsoft Excel (b) Determine the time taken to fill up the cup using Microsoft Excel 9. Discuss whether the new mechanism is effective or not 10 8 Further Exploration : Coffee – It is good or bad for us? (a) List out 5 reasons for the positive effects and negative effects of drinking coffee (b) Use i-Think map to represent answer in (a) Reflection (a) What have I learned while doing the Add. V with respect to the height.2 | Page No 1 2 3 Content Title Introduction Task 1 1(a) Draw the graph of y = x2-2 for 0≤ x≤ 2 (b) Find the expression of V in terms of y using Integration (c) Find the time taken to fill up the cup with coffee Page No 3 4 5 4 Task 2 2(a) Find the change of coffee in the cup.7 5 Task 3 The Investigation of the efficiency of the new mechanism 3(a) Determine and tabulate the rate of increase of the height of the coffee in the cup (b) (i) Draw a Scatter Plot using Microsoft Excel to compare the results with those in 2(b) (ii) Give comments (c) (i) Calculate the time taken to fill up the coffee cup with the new mechanism (ii) Interpretation of data and discussion 8.10 7 Conclusion Determine the best rate of flow of coffee into the cup.

3 | Page COFFEE .

a bitter alkaloid. At first proscribed by Italian churchmen as a heathen's drink. a tree.18% of the U.S.1668. Caffeine. diarrhea. the coffee beans. and the beverage made from them. arabica yields the highest-quality beans and provides the bulk of the world's coffee. its seeds.has smooth. developed in the early 1900s. which account for c.80% of the coffee imported into the United States. Coffee was known in 15th-century Arabia.S. there are instant or soluble coffees. account for c. 1000. Later. introduced in 1867. . a small evergreen of the genus Coffea. it was approved by Pope Clement VIII. coffee sales. market. For those without the time or the inclination to brew their own. ovate leaves and clusters of fragrant white flowers that mature into deep red fruits about 1/2 in.17% of U.4 | Page INTRODUCTION coffee. coffee became a favorite American beverage after the Boston Tea Party made tea unfashionable. The coffee tree.D. (1. and by the mid-17th cent.27 cm) long. depression. and other disorders. can also contribute to irritability. C. The species is thought to be native to Ethiopia. a ball of the crushed fruit molded with fat was a day's ration for certain African nomads. insomnia. from there it spread to Egypt and Turkey. including c. Introduced in North America c. Decaffeinated coffees. where it was known before A. wine was made from the fermented husks and pulps. Coffee's earliest human use may have been as a food. overcoming religious and political opposition to become popular among Arabs. coffee had reached most of Europe. Coffee owes its popularity in part to the stimulative effect of its caffeine constituent. The fruit usually contains two seeds.

2. Draw the line of the graph. Working: v=π∫x² dy =∫⁷₀ y+2 dy =(y²/2)+2y ]⁷₀ =[(7²/2)+2(7)]-[(0²/2)+2(0)] =38. Method.5π/t)=5 t= (38. Draw a table to represent the data. Calculate the time taken to fill up the coffee. the time taken for the coffee to fill up the cup of coffee is 24. Use the formula y =x2-2 to find the expression of the volume of a cup of coffee by using in integration method.calculate the volume of the cup.19 seconds.5unit² V=38. 4. x 0 1 2 y -2 -1 2 Table 1. By using the expression found in 1(b) . 3. Let the vertical line as y-axis and the horizontal be the x-axis. . 5. Plot the graph using the table. 6. draw a graph using a graph paper. 3. 1.1 A parabola curve-shaped graph is formed.19 seconds Therefore.5 | Page Task 1 1(a) Draw the graph of y = x2-2 for 0≤ x≤ 2 Method: 1. Working: v=π∫y₀ x² dy =π∫y₀ y+2 dy =π[(y²/2)+2y]y₀ =π[(y²/2)+2y]-[(0²/2)+2(0)] =[(y²/2)+2y]π Therefore. Substitute y = 7 to get the value of volume of cup.5π/5) t=24.5π (dv/dt)=5 (38. Let the differentiated expression equals to 5. Calculate the value of y which 0≤ x≤ 2. Find the rate of volume of the cup by using differentiation method. the expression of V in terms of y using the integration method is V=[(y²/2)+2y]π. Using the table data. (c) Find the time taken to fill up the cup with coffee Method: 1. 2. V=[(y²/2)+2y]π. 5.\ 4. (b) Find the expression of V in terms of y using Integration.

1 dy/dt 0. V with respect to the height. Working: (dy/dt)=(dy/dv)*(dy/dt) (dv/dt)=5cm³s-1 y 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Table 2. the rate of increase of the height of the coffee in the cup . By using differentiation method.176838826 Therefore.6 | Page Task 2 2(a) Find the change of coffee in the cup.397887358 0. V with respect to the height. y of the coffee level in the cup Method: 1.198943679 0.265258238 0.dh/dt is found. the data is filled with the value of the change of coffee in the cup. Working: (dV/dh)=(2(y/2)π =(y+2)π Therefore. the change of coffee in the cup. By using differentiation method. . y of the coffee level in the cup is dV/ dh==(y+2)π (b) (i) Determine and tabulate the rate of increase of the height of the coffee in the cup Method: 1. V with respect to the height.530516477 0.318309886 0. A table is drawn to tabulate the data. 2. the change of coffee in the cup is found. y of the coffee level in the cup and the rate of increase of the height of the coffee in the cup.227364204 0.795774715 0.

A line is drawn to connect the points.the rate should reduce to prevents the coffee spill out of the cup.8cm3s-1.8 0.7 | Page (ii) Interpretation of data and discussion Method : 1. the rate of increases in the height of coffee decreases.7 0. 4. The graph also shows the decreasing of the rate of increase of the height of the coffee in the cup.y increases. 3. Analyze the graph. The lowest rate of graph is 0. When the height . 2.3 0. The rate of increase of the height of the coffee is considered as low. .5 0. I know that the highest rate of the graph is when the y equals to 0 and the dy/dt equals to 0.This is because when the coffee fill up in the cup from the bottom to the top. A graph is drawn to interpret the data.2 0.1 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 From the graph.4 0.9 0. Plot the graph using the table above.19cm 3s-1. graph of dy/dt against y 0.6 0. Let the vertical axis be the dy/dt and the horizontal axis be the y. 5.

4.159154943 0.8 | Page Task 3 The Investigation of the efficiency of the new mechanism 3(a) Determine and tabulate the rate of increase of the height of the coffee in the cup Method: 1. By using differentiation method.1 dy/dt 1. Label the x-axis and the y-axis and the title. . a graph is drawn.530516477 0. 3. By using the Microsoft Excel.044209706 (b) (i) Draw a Scatter Plot using Microsoft Excel to compare the results with those in 2(b) Method : 1.075788068 0.056841051 0. Draw a line to connect all the points 5. Plot the graph using the table of table above. Working (dy/dt)=(dy/dv)*(dv/dt) =[1/π(2+y)]*(10/y+1) =10/π(y+1)(y+2) Therefore the equation is found as dy/dt =10/π(y+1)(y+2) . a new expression of the rate of increase of the height of the coffee of a cup is found.591549431 0.106103295 0. y 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Table 3. 2.265258238 0. Let the vertical axis be the rate of increase of the height of the cup of coffee and the horizontal axis be the y.

But as the value of y=1.4 1.2 0 0 1 2 3 old dy/dt 4 5 6 7 8 new dy/dt (ii) Give comments From the graph above. the graph of the old dy/dt meets the new dy/dt. .2 1 0.4 0. it shows the new dy/dt is higher than the old dy/dt at first.6 1.8 0.9 | Page Working graph of dy/dt against y 1. Improvement still need to be done so that the rate can be higher. The rate of increase of the value of the height of the cup of new machine is still below of the old machine. It shows that the new machine of dy/dt is not successful built. The new dy/dt is started to lower than the old dy/dt.8 1.6 0.

Working: T =dt/dy× dy = π∫_0^7▒((y+2)(y+1))/k dy =π/k ∫_0^7▒〖(y+2)(y+1)〗 dy =π/k ∫_0^7▒〖y^2+3y+2 dy〗 =π/k[y^3/3+(3y^2)/2+2y]7¦0 =π/k(201. (ii) Interpretation of data and discussion The time taken for the coffee to fill up the cup of a new mechanism is longer than the old mechanism. By using the b) T= ∫⁷₀ (dt/dy)*dy. the time taken for the coffee to fill up the cup is 63.41 seconds. the new built of new mechanism is still need to be improve. the expression of new mechanism of the rate of increase of the level of the cup is calculated. Task 4 The investigation of the rate of flow of coffee in the cup when k varies 4(a) Determine and tabulate the rate of flow of coffee into the cup when k varies using Microsoft Excel Method : 1. Therefore.41 seconds Therefore. the expression is found as T= π/k(201. Working T= ∫⁷₀ (dt/dy)*dy =∫⁷₀ π(y+1)(y+2)/10 dy =∫⁷₀ (y²+3y+2)π/10 dy =(1/10)π [(y³/3)+(3y²/2)+2y] =(1/10)π [(7³/3)+(3(7)²/2)+2(7)]⁷ₒ =63.10 | P a g e (c) (i) Calculate the time taken to fill up the coffee cup with the new mechanism Method: 1.83) Therefore.83) (b) Determine the time taken to fill up the cup using Microsoft Excel . the time taken is been calculated. By using integration method.

mechanism is effective or not. Therefore. .11 | P a g e graph of dy/dt against k 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 0 20 40 60 old dy/dt 80 100 120 140 160 new dy/dt From the graph above. I found that the new mechanism is successfully built. the new coffee dispensing machine is useable and more convenient Conclusion Determine the best rate of flow of coffee into the cup. Therefore.25cm3s-1. The third mechanism is effective. The new mechanism has a higher rate of increase of the level of the coffee cup. Discuss whether the new The best rate of flow of coffee into the cup is the third coffee dispensing machine which has the highest rate of 63. the coffee cup can be filled up is faster in one minute.

Caffeine in coffee quickly stimulates your central nervou drowsy.12 | P a g e Further Exploration : Coffee – It is good or bad for us? (a) List out 5 reasons for the positive effects and negative effects of drinking coffee (b) Use i-Think map to represent answer in (a) Further Exploration (a) Positive effects of drinking coffee: Coffee can lower risk of some cancer. it can temporarily and increasing adrenaline production. Caffeine in coffee help mobilize fats from th absorption of carbohydrates. Coffee quickly increased the stiffness of the Coffee drinking would also lead to insomnia. . Coffee cannot replace sleep. Some substances in coffee have anti-inflammatory and influence cancer-associated genes. When someone regularly drinks coffee. Liver can be protected by drinking coffee. the body adjusts in blood vessels dilate too much. Coffee increases stomach acid production. Substances in coffee help to burn fat. which causes a headache. Blood pressure will increase by drinking coffee. Coffee consumption reduces DNA dam volunteers. Coffee will increase energy levels. Drinking coffee can help to fight depression. which cou Coffee would lead to headaches. Coffee contains large amounts of caff major metabolites may lower risk of depression among coffee drinkers. Negative effects of drinking coffee: Drinking coffee can cause indigestion.

Coffee can lead to a feeling of being jittery and an (b)i-THINK map Reflection (a) What have I learned while doing the Add.13 | P a g e Coffee can causes one to increase anxiety. Maths Project Work? (b) Moral values that I practice when doing the project .

I have learnt to calculate the rate of dispensing of one coffee dispensing machine. we should not overdrink coffee as caffeine is not good for our he There are several moral values that I have practised when doing this project. I have tried to do this project without other people help. From this project.14 | P a g e REFLECTION I learnt to calculate the values using integration and differentiation. Besides. I also learnt to draw graph using c Work. We should not drink it when we are in hungry condition. . I also be than up but I still continue to do this project. Therefore. Althoug heart disease and stroke problems. I have learnt to be determined and independence when I doing this project. Coffee is good for us if we drink it properly.

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