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KINDS OF DATABASES

STRUCTURED DATABASE – also called the
structured data which a record or file of
information is arranged in uniform
format.
FREE-FORM DATABASE – it is a loose
collection of information like the one in
the World Wide Web. A collection of
documents in the computer made from
several programs.
TYPES OF DATABASES
Operational Database – it is a dynamic
database that is used by any
organization in its day to day operation.
They are used to collect data, maintain,
modify and delete data.

5. 2. 3.Analytical Database – It is a static database. Create a database 2. 6. wherein data is rarely modified. Hierarchical Model Network Model Relational Model Entity-Relational Model Dimensional Model Object-oriented Model THINGS YOU CAN DO WITH RELATIONAL DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM ( RDBMS) 1. Information retrieval . STRUCTURED DATABASE MODELS 1. Information storage 3. 4. This database is often used to store and track historical data to make long term projections and analysis.

4. .it is a number or value found and stored in a database 2. 6. 4. Print and share information Qualities of a good database information 1. Information analysis 6. 5. Information management 5. 3. Accurate Organized Timely Verifiable Accessible Economical Useful Relational Database Terminologies 1. Information. 2. Data .it is a data that has been processed thereby making it relevant and meaningful to the person viewing it. 7.

It is also called the virtual table since it does not hold data on .3. 4. Record – It refers to a specific person. View – It is also known as a virtual table. place. Field – It is the smallest structure of a data from a larger database structure in a relational database. thing or event. File – It is an organized collection of data about an entity. It is also known as “tuple” in the relational database. 8. 6. 7. Table – it is the main structure in the relational database composed of attributes(fields) and domain ( records ). The null value is either zero nor blank. Null – It is used to represent a value that is known or missing. 5.

Primary Key and the Foreign Key. 10. 9. Keys – These are fields that serve specific purposes within a table. rather it gets data from the table to which it is based. a. There are two types of keys namely. Relationships – they exist when two or more tables have connection or association. Foreign Key – is a special field that establishes relationship between two tables.its own. Primary Key is a field that uniquely identifies a record in a table b. .

Linking table is a table that establishes a connection between two or more tables. Foreign Key 3.Relationships. Primary Key 2. One-to-many relationships 3.in relational database exist when two or more tables are connected by the following conditions: 1. Types of Relationships 1. One-to-one relationships 2. Many-to-many relationships .

4. 2. Identify unique field values that will allow access to connect information stored in a separate table. Define the purpose of your database. 5. Determine the fields that you need in the database. Determine the tables that you need in the database. A relationship works by matching data in the key fields which is usually a field with the same name in both tables. 3.Designing a Database 1. Consider the questions or queries you may want to answer about the stored data. . Determine the relationships between tables.

5. Maintaining the structure is easy. Building a database design in the database software. Check that you can run a query on the database and get the information you want. 3. Database design to avoid 1. 2. Spreadsheet view 3. Spreadsheet design 2. Characteristics of a Well Designed Database 1.6. Modifying data is easy. Retrieving information is easy. Adding and deleting data is easy. Developing and building user application is easy. . 4. Test the design by entering the sample data.

Script Editor. Paste.MS Access Screen Elements Term Description Title Bar -Shows the name of the program and the file menu. Print Preview. Print. Tools. Insert. Copy. Format. Database Toolbar -displays the icons of commands such as New. Save. Help. Cut. View. Edit. Office Links. Menu Bar . Records. Spelling. . Open. Undo. Window.Displays the menu such as File. Code. File Search. Analyze.

Pages. Task Pane -Displays the getting started commands. Objects Bar -Contains menus to create and modify tables. Macros. Modules. restore the window and close the MS Access program. maximize. queries. New Object. Forms. Relationships. Help. Reports. the open files and create new files options. Autoform. Control Buttons -Allows you to minimize.Properties. Database Toolbar .

Spelling -checks the spelling of words in the whole Database Cut -removes data from and to another .New -creates a new database Open -Opens an existing database Save -Saves the current database File Search -Allows you to search the titles. contents. MS Outlook items and Web pages Print -Prints your database directly to the installed Printer. of MS Office files. Preview -Allows you to view or look over the database to make adjustments before printing.

Undo -Displays the previous actions made to a Database. Copy -Copies data that needs to be placed to Another location inside the database or to other file.Location Inside the database or to other files. . Paste-Places the data cut or copied to a specified location inside the database or to other files.