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B767/23/101

Communications

Boeing 767-200/300

Communications
Training manual
For training purposes only
LEVEL 1

ATA 23

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B767/23/101
Communications

Training manual

This publication was created by Sabena technics training department, Brussels-Belgium, following ATA 104 specifications.
The information in this publication is furnished for informational
and training use only, and is subject to change without notice.
Sabena technics training assumes no responsibility for any
errors or inaccuracies that may appear in this publication.
No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means,
electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise,
without the prior written permission of Sabena technics training.

Contact address for


course registrations
course schedule information
Sabena technics training
training@sabenatechnics.com

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. FLIGHT INTERPHONE SYSTEM. ............................................................................................6
1.1. General................................................................................................................................6
2. CABIN INTERPHONE. ............................................................................................................8
2.1. General................................................................................................................................8
3. SERVICE INTERPHONE. .......................................................................................................10
3.1. General..............................................................................................................................10
4. CREW CALL. ........................................................................................................................12
4.1. General..............................................................................................................................12
5. PASSENGER ADDRESS SYSTEM - GENERAL. .....................................................................14
6. VHF COMMUNICATION SYSTEM. ......................................................................................16
6.1. General..............................................................................................................................16
6.2. Component Description. ....................................................................................................19
6.2.1. VHF Control Panel. ...................................................................................................19
7. HF COMMUNICATION SYSTEM. ........................................................................................20
7.1. General..............................................................................................................................20
7.2. Component Description. ....................................................................................................23
7.2.1. HF Control Panel. .....................................................................................................23

B767/23/101
Communications

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
CABIN INTERPHONE SYSTEM ................................................................................................... 9
COMPONENT LOCATIONS ..................................................................................................... 18
FLIGHT INTERPHONE SYSTEM .................................................................................................. 7
FORWARD ATTENDANTS PANEL ............................................................................................ 29
GENERAL DESCRIPTION ......................................................................................................... 39
GROUND CREW CALL SYSTEM .............................................................................................. 13
HF COM COMPONENT LOCATIONS ....................................................................................... 22
HF COM CONTROL PANEL ..................................................................................................... 23
P.A. INPUT 3 OPTION .............................................................................................................. 14
PASSENGER ADDRESS SYSTEM .............................................................................................. 15
PASS ENT & SERVICE SYS INTRODUCTION.............................................................................. 27
PES VIDEO SYSTEM ................................................................................................................ 31
SERVICE INTERPHONE SYSTEM .............................................................................................. 11
SYSTEM INTRODUCTION........................................................................................................ 37
TYPICAL HF COM SYSTEM ..................................................................................................... 21
TYPICAL VHF COM SYSTEM................................................................................................... 17
TYPICAL VOICE RECORDER SYSTEM ...................................................................................... 32
UNDERWATER LOCATING BEACON........................................................................................ 35
VHF COM CONTROL PANEL ................................................................................................... 19
VOICE RECORDER CONTROL PANEL....................................................................................... 33

8. PES - GENERAL....................................................................................................................24
9. PASSENGER ENTERTAINMENT SYSTEM. ...........................................................................26
10. PASSENGER SERVICE SYSTEM. ........................................................................................28
10.1. PSS Block Diagram. ..........................................................................................................28
11. PES VIDEO SYSTEM - GENERAL. ......................................................................................30
12. VOICE RECORDER - GENERAL. .........................................................................................32
12.1. Component Description. ..................................................................................................33
12.1.1. Voice Recorder Control Panel. .................................................................................33
12.1.2. Underwater Locating Beacon. .................................................................................34
13. ELT - INTRODUCTION .......................................................................................................36
13.1. Purpose ...........................................................................................................................36
13.2. General Description .........................................................................................................38

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ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS


AAU
ACARS
ADF
ADRS
AM
AMPL
ANT
APU
AUX
BRD
C
CDU
CLR
COM
CTD
CTR
CTR
CVR
DC
deg
DIR
DME
ELT
ETI
EXT
F/O
FAA
FF
FLT
FMC
FWD
GRD
HF
ILS
in
IRU
kg
lb
LRU
mc

Audio Accessory Unit


Aircraft Communication Addressing & Reporting System
Automatic Direction Finder
Address
Amplitude Modulation
Amplifier
Antenna
Auxiliary Power Unit
Auxiliary
Braid
Celsius
Center Drive Unit
Clear
Communication
Column Timer D ecoder
Center
Contour
Cockpit Voice Recorder
Direct Current
Degree
Direct, Direction
Distance Measuring Equipment
Emergency Locator Transmitter
Elapsed Time Indicator
External
First Officer
Federal Aviation Administration
Fast Forward
Flight
Flight Management Computer
Forward
Ground
High Frequency
Instrument Landing System
Inch
Inertial Reference Unit
Kilogram
Pound
Line Replaceable Unit
Centimeter

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MHz
MIC
MSTR
mW
NLG
OBS
OVHD
PCM
PCP
PCU
PES
PRI
PROV
PSS
PSU
PSU
PSUD
PTT
PWR
R/T
REW
SEB
SEC
SEC
SP
SSB
STBY
UHF
ULB
V
VDU
VHF
VOR
VRMS
VSCU
VSWR
VTR

Megahertz
Microphone
Master
Milliwatt
Nose Landing Gear
Omni Bearing Selector
Overhead
Pulse Code Modulation
Pilots Call Panel
Passenger Control Unit
Passenger Entertainment System
Primary Language
Pre-Recorded tape announcements
Passenger Service System
Power Controller Unit
Passenger Service Unit
Passenger Service Unit Decoder
Push To Test
Power
Radio Transmit
Rewind
Seat Electronics Box
Spoiler Elevator Computer
Secondary
Special Play
Single Stroke Chime
Standby
Ultra High Frequency
Underwater Locating Beacon
Volt
Video Distribution Units
Very High Frequency
Very High Frequency Omnibearing Range
Volt Root Mean Square
Video System Control Unit
Voltage Standing Wave Ratio
Video Tape Reproducers

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1. FLIGHT INTERPHONE SYSTEM.


1.1. General.
The flight interphone system provides communications between flight crew
members and between the flight crew and ground crew.
Interface with the following systems is also provided :
- The voice recorder,
- Cabin interphone,
- Cabin and service interphone system,
- Communication transceivers,
- Navigation receivers,
- Passenger address system.
During flight, a flight crew member may establish or monitor communications
by using microphones and/or listening devices, in the following manner :
- With a ground station or another airplane through the audio selector
panel and a selected radio system.
- With other flight crew members through the audio accessory unit and
audio selector panels using INTPH position.
- Monitoring navigation systems through the audio selector panel.
- With passengers using the audio selector panel.
On the ground, the flight interphone system may be used for communications
between the flight crew and the sound service personnel at the nose landing
gear, through the APU remote control panel.
The flight interphone system also interfaces with the voice recorder to provide
voice inputs from the captain, first officer, and first observer through the audio
selector panel.

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FLIGHT INTERPHONE SYSTEM

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2. CABIN INTERPHONE.
2.1. General.
The cabin interphone system provides communication between :
- Cabin attendants,
- Cabin attendants and the flight crew,
- Cabin attendants and the service crew.
This system also provides a means of interfacing with the service interphone
and passenger address systems.
Single-digit, touch-tone calling from each handset and from the pilots call
panel is provided to direct calls to specific stations.
Handsets are located at all cabin attendant stations and the pilots aft aisle
stand. (Pilots handset is a customer option).
When a cabin location is called from one of the cabin interphone handsets or
the pilots call panel, a pink call light and a high/low chime are activated at the
called station.
When the flight compartment is called from a cabin handset, a blue location
indicator light is activated on the pilots call panel and a high chime is
generated.

The passenger address (PA) system may be accessed by handset calling.


If the cabin interphone system fails, the calling system will automatically switch
the handset to the PA system.
Priority for the PA system is automatically established as follows :
- Flight crew announcements,
- Attendant announcements,
- Pre-recorded tape announcements (PROV) and audio from the video
system,
- Boarding music.
Voice conversations among attendants and flight crew are held between
specific stations or as a party-line, since common amplifiers are utilized.
Voice communication is provided through the pilots handset
(when installed), audio selector panels, and attendants handsets.
The circuits are voice actuated; therefore, one may not hear background noise
on a handset until speech or other signal input exceeds the squelch limits.

When an ALERT call is made from any handset, the pink lights at all
attendants stations will flash continuously at one-second intervals.
At the same time, the high/low chimes will be repeated three times.
The pink lights at each station will cease flashing as that stations handset is
taken off the hook.
In the flight compartment, an ALERT call will turn on the blue ALERT call light
and sound a single high chime.

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CABIN INTERPHONE SYSTEM


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3. SERVICE INTERPHONE.
3.1. General.
Purpose.
The service interphone system provides the means for communications
between various service interphone jacks, between these jacks and the
attendant handsets, and between the jacks and the flight crew audio selector
panels.
System Description.
Power is supplied from the 28v dc battery bus through the CAB/SERVICE
circuit breaker on the P11 panel.
Interior jacks are connected together through mixing circuits and amplifiers
in the audio accessory unit. Exterior jacks are connected through the same
circuits and an on/off switch on the P61 panel.
The flight crew can communicate with the service interphone stations by
pressing the appropriate microphone and listen switches on their audio
selector panels, and pushing the interphone tie switch on the pilots call panel.
The cabin attendants can communicate with the service interphone stations by
picking up their handsets and talking.

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SERVICE INTERPHONE SYSTEM


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4. CREW CALL.
4.1. General.
Purpose.
The ground crew call system provides the alerts required to initiate
communication between ground crew personnel and flight deck personnel.
This system is also used to alert ground personnel in case of critical equipment
cooling and power failures.
System Major Components.
The ground crew call system is made up of the following major units :
- The flight deck call switch on the APU remote control panel P40.
- The pilots call panel on P5.
- The ground call horn in the nose wheel well.

Ground-to-Flight Compartment Call Features.


Pressing the FLIGHT DECK CALL switch on the nose wheel well area sounds
a single high chime and illuminates a blue GND CALL light on the pilots call
panel for 30 seconds.
Equipment Cooling/Power Loss Warning.
The ground crew call horn in the nose wheel well area sounds a warning for
the following conditions :
- Equipment cooling systems low airflow or overheat sensors are
activated.
- The R, L, or C inertial reference system is operating on the hot battery
dc bus while the airplanes ac power is off.

System Interfaces.
The system receives cooling and power failure information from the
equipment and cooling indicator card located in the electrical system card file
(P50).
The system outputs a chime-initiate signal to the chime generator, located in
the bell chime unit P51, and horn on voltage to the horn located inside the
nose wheel well.
Flight Compartment-to-Ground Call Features.
Pressing the GND CALL switch on the pilots call panel sounds a loud horn in
the nose wheel well area as long as the switch is pressed.

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GROUND CREW CALL SYSTEM


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5. PASSENGER ADDRESS SYSTEM - GENERAL.

Purpose.
The passenger address system allows the flight crew and flight attendants to
make announcements to the passengers.
Speakers in the passenger compartment broadcast audio throughout the
passenger and attendant areas.
System Description.
Audio inputs into the system can be announcements from the pilots, purser or
attendants.
Entertainment audio can be boarding music or audio from the video system.
Discrete inputs enable chimes inside the amplifier to generate tones to alert
passengers and attendants to changes in no smoking and seat belt signs or to
cabin interphone system alerts.
Other discrete inputs automatically control system gain to increase passenger
address volume if an engine is operating or the cabin oxygen system is
deployed.
The audio output from the passenger address amplifier is routed to speakers in
the passenger service units, lavatories, and to attendant speakers in the galleys
and attendant stations.
The audio output also goes to the listen switches in the audio selector panels
for passenger address sidetone returning to the flight interphone system.
The amplifier has a test switch to allow system testing.

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P.A. INPUT 3 OPTION

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PASSENGER ADDRESS SYSTEM

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6. VHF COMMUNICATION SYSTEM.


6.1. General.
A VHF communications system consists of :
- A control panel,
- A transceiver,
- An antenna, and
- The associated wiring.
The control panel provides frequency selection and status data on an ARINC
429 bus.
The flight interphone system provides the PTT control line and microphone
audio input for voice transmission.
When operated in conjunction with ACARS (provision), the ACARS
mangement unit supplies frequency selection data, downlink data tones,
mode selection and data transmission keying to the transceiver.
The transmitted and received rf signals travel to and from the antenna on a
coaxial line.
Receiver audio is routed out of the flight interphone system for voice
communications, to the SELCAL decoder for SELCAL signalling and to the
ACARS management unit for data message tone interpretation.
A key event discrete is sent to the flight recorder for recording, to the
pilots call panel to reset the SELCAL lamp and decoder and to the flight
management computer for use by software options.

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TYPICAL VHF COM SYSTEM


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COMPONENT LOCATIONS
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6.2. Component Description.


6.2.1. VHF Control Panel.
Purpose.
The control panel provides remote frequency selection for the
associated transceiver.
Frequency Selection Switches.
There are two independent sets of frequency selection knobs (switches).
They each select a frequency that can be sent to the transceiver.

Frequency Indicator Windows.


The windows show the frequency that has been selected by the
associated switches.
The readout is a liquid crystal display (LCD).
Frequency selection transfer (TFR FREQ SEL) switch.
The TFR switch selects one of the two indicated frequencies to be used
for tuning the transceiver.
Active Display Lamps.
The illuminated white dot lamp indicates which frequency selection is
currently in control of the transceiver.
Characteristics.
Frequency Range

Channel Spacing
Power
Signal Output

:
:
:

118.00 thru 136.975 MHz


(the 1 KHz digit is not shown in the window).
8.33 KHz.
28 Vdc.
ARINC 429 digital data word.

VHF COM CONTROL PANEL


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7. HF COMMUNICATION SYSTEM.
7.1. General.
A system consists of a control panel, a transceiver, an antenna coupler and an
antenna.
Power on-off, frequency and mode selection are controlled from the control
panel.
The system receives microphone audio and key signals from the interphone
system.
The transceiver generates the rf signal to be transmitted or demodulates the
received rf signals.
The coupler automatically matches the antenna to the transceiver. Received
audio (SSB or AM) is routed to the interphone system.
Unsquelched AM audio is routed to the SELCAL system.
Keying for transmission is recorded by the flight data recorder, sent to the
SELCAL system for decoder reset, and sent to the FMC for crew alertness
monitoring.

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TYPICAL HF COM SYSTEM


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HF COM COMPONENT LOCATIONS


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7.2. Component Description.


7.2.1. HF Control Panel.
General.
The control panel provides remote control of the HF Communication
system.
The unit contains rotary frequency and mode selection switches,
printed circuit boards with individual components, and CMOS logic
circuitry that provides conversion of parallel BCD frequency information
and discrete switch settings to serial ARINC 429 control data to the
transceiver. It also provides hard-wired resistance value to the receiver rf
sensitivity circuit.
Mode Control Switch.
The mode control switch enables selection of OFF, USB
(upper sideband) or AM (amplitude modulation) modes.
RF Sensitivity Control.
The RF SENS potentiometer controls the receiver rf sensitivity.
Frequency Selection Switches.
The frequency selection switches enable selection of transceiver
operating frequency as shown below :
- Left large knob
- Left small knob
- Right large knob
- Right small knob

:
:
:
:

MHz selection
100 kHz selection
10 kHz selection
1 kHz selection

HF COM CONTROL PANEL

Characteristics.
An electrical connector is located on rear of enclosure.
Power requirements are 115 Vac, 400 Hz, one phase.
The frequency range is from 2.0 through 29.999 MHz with 1 kHz
increments.
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8. PES - GENERAL.
Passenger Entertainment System (PES).
The PES provides selectable recorded entertainment audio at each passenger
seat location.
This system provides a priority interrupt capability that enables a passenger
address override to occur simultaneously on all audio channels.
The tape reproducer provides 12 channels of audio, 10 channels directly to the
main multiplexer and 2 channels directly to the forward zone multiplexer. The
same 2 channels are sent to the mid and aft zone multiplexers through the
zone driver.
The main mux coverts the audio from analog into digital, multiplexes the 10
channels and outputs them serially to the zone multiplexers.
The zone multiplexers convert the 2 channels of tape reproducer audio and 2
channels of video system audio from analog into digital and multiplexes these
channels with the 10 channels from the main mux.
The combined signal is sent serially to each seat electronics box (SEB).
The SEB demultiplexes the signal, converts the signal from digital to analog
and supplies the audio to the passenger headset as selected by the passenger
control unit (PCU).
Passenger address announcements are input to the zone multiplexers and
multiplexed onto all 14 channels.

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Passenger Service System.


The PSS provides passenger control of the reading lights and an attendant call
capability for passenger service at each seat location.
The column timer decoder (CTD) serves as the interface unit between the SEB
and the passenger service unit decoder (PSUD).
It also has the clock that provides the timing for both the SEBs and the
PSUDs. When a passenger pushes a reading light on or off switch or an
attendant call switch,
a signal is sent from the PCU to the SEB to the CTD.
The CTD turns on the master attendant call light and through the PSUD the
row call light or reading lights.
It also triggers the electronic chimes.

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9. PASSENGER ENTERTAINMENT SYSTEM.


Main Multiplexer.
The tape reproducer supplies ten monophonic tracks of analog audio to the
main multiplexer.
This input audio is converted to digital form, multiplexed, and sent to the
forward zone multiplexer serially.
These ten channels of audio are sent back out of the forward zone multiplexer
to the mid zone multiplexer, and then back out of the mid zone multiplexer to
the aft zone multiplexer.
Part of the audio to the main multiplexer may be in stereo form.
In this case, one monophonic track from the tape reproducer will be
programmed as the left channel of a stereo pair, while another normally
monophonic track will be programmed as the right channel.
Switches within the main multiplexer provide this programming flexibility.

Seat Electronics Box.


Fourteen channels of audio are sent from the forward, mid, and aft zone
multiplexers to three columns of seat electronics boxes.
Here the channels of digitized audio are converted back to analog form.
The audio is then amplified and sent to the audio transducer and headset jack
in the passenger control unit (PCU) as selected by the channel select switch.
Passenger Control Unit.
A passenger listens to the audio by inserting an acoustic headset into the
transducers openings or an electrical headset into the headset jacks.
The passenger may change audio program channels by selecting them
through the channel select control of the PCU.
The audio level is controlled by the volume controls in the PCU.

Zone Multiplexers.
Ten channels (tracks) of digitized audio from the main multiplexer are
processed with other audio inputs in the forward, mid and aft zone
multiplexers.
They are multiplexed with the remaining tape reproducer tracks and two audio
inputs from the video system control unit.
PA audio, when present, replaces all other input audio.
A 50 ohm termination plug on the aft zone multiplexer terminates the
multiplexer-to-multiplexer audio lines.

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PASS ENT & SERVICE SYS INTRODUCTION


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10. PASSENGER SERVICE SYSTEM.


10.1. PSS Block Diagram.
General.
The passenger service system is made up of three zones : forward, mid and
aft. Each zone has a column timer decoder (CTD), passenger service unit
decoders (PSUD), seat electronics boxes (SEB), passenger control units (PCU),
master call lights and electronic chime units.
There is one attendant panel, with a test switch, at the left forward attendant
station for the entire airplane.
Each zone has right, center, and left columns with the seats connected from
forward to aft in each column.
Each CTD has three identical circuits to control its respective columns.
Forward Attendants Panel.
The READING switch gives the attendant control of all reading lights in the
airplane.
They can be all on (for a reading light check or cabin cleaning), all off or in
NORMAL position (under the control of each passenger).
The PASS ENT & SERVICE SYS switch allows the attendant to test both the PES
and PSS for the entire airplane.
It supplies various combinations of open and ground inputs to the CTDs
depending on the switch position.
It also applies 28 Vdc to the main multiplexer in MASTER TEST and ENT TEST
positions.
Each zone, forward and aft, has a separate MASTER CALL RESET switch/light.
The FWD MSTR CALL RESET light combines indications for the forward and
mid entertainment zones.
The light will illuminate from a passed test in the respective zone.
Pressing the MSTR CALL RESET switch will cause the corresponding zone
master call lights and PSUD attendant (row) call lights to extinguish.

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Operation.
Each CTD acts as the interface unit between corresponding columns of PSUDs
and SEBs.
A termination plug is connected to the last PSUD and SEB in each column.
Each PSUD controls reading lights (one per passenger seat) and an attendant
call (row call) light (one per seat group).
Each SEB receives inputs from two, three or four PCUs.
The center columns may have three or four PCUs, but the outboard columns
have only two.
Each zone has blue master call lights for both the left side and the right side of
the zone.
Chime outputs provide input to the associated electronic chime unit to alert
the attendant to passenger calls.
Attendant Call Function.
Each passenger calls an attendant by pushing the attendant call button on
their passenger control unit.
This causes the PSUD row call light and the appropriate master call light to
come on.
The lights may be turned off by pushing the PCU reset switch (cancelling the
call) or pushing the appropriate MASTER CALL RESET switch on the forward
attendants panel.

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ENTERTAINMENT Section.
Switches in this section control PES/PSS power and boarding music.
- The BRD MUSIC VOLUME knob adjusts the volume level of the boarding
music.
- The CHANNEL SELECT knob selects the boarding music channel to be
played.
- The PASS ENT SYST PWR switch controls power application to the PES
components. To use the PES, the PSS must also be on.

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CALL & SERVICE Section.


Switches in this section control the PSS power, reset the passenger call lights,
and control the main entry door.
- The PASS SERV SYST PWR switch controls power application to the PSS
components.
The PES does not have to be on.
- The FWD MSTR CALL RESET switch/light turns on when a passenger-toattendant call is made.
Pressing the light resets passenger (row) call and master call lights in
both the forward and mid cabin areas.
The light is also used to indicate results of PES/PSS testing.
- The AFT MSTR CALL RESET switch/light works the same as the FWD
MSTR CALL RESET switch/light, but for the aft cabin area.
- The MAIN DOOR UP and DOWN switches opens and closes the left
forward entry door.

FORWARD ATTENDANTS PANEL


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Communications

11. PES VIDEO SYSTEM - GENERAL.


The passenger entertainment system (PES) video provides large screen
projected video for general passenger viewing in-flight.
This system is capable of providing audio and video signals derived from tape
cassettes or external TV broadcasts.
Basically, the system consists of the following components :
- TV antenna system,
- Video antenna coupler,
- Video tape reproducers (2),
- TV tuner,
- Video system control unit,
- Video projector and associated viewing screen (5),
- Video distribution units (5).
The audio signals from the video tape reproducers or tuner can be distributed
through the PA system to overhead speakers and through the passenger
entertainment system (audio) to the passengers individual headsets.

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PES VIDEO SYSTEM


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12. VOICE RECORDER - GENERAL.


The system consists of a control panel with an area microphone and a solid
state memory recorder.

All audio output signals from the captains, first officers and observers
(FIRST OBS) audio selector panels are routed directly to the recorder.

The control panel area microphone picks up flight compartment ambient


sounds such as voices and alerts.
Engine noise frequencies are reduced by filtering.

An underwater locating beacon is attached to the front panel of the recorder.


It activates automatically when it is immersed in water.

TYPICAL VOICE RECORDER SYSTEM


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12.1. Component Description.


12.1.1. Voice Recorder Control Panel.
Purpose.
The purpose of the voice recorder control panel is to provide the means to pick
up ambient flight compartment sounds, monitor recordings, bulk erase the
recordings and test the system.
Area Microphone.
The area microphone is a condenser-type wide frequency range
(150-5000 Hz) model mounted in the control panel.
It provides essentially a full pickup of the flight compartment ambient sound.
The microphone signal is pre-amplified in the control panel and routed to the
recorder.
Erase Switch.
The erase switch activates the bulk erase feature.
The switch is connected in series with the parking brake and air/ground relays
to prevent erasure while airplane is in flight or in motion on the ground.
Headset Jack.
The headphone jack provides the capability to monitor the audio being
recorded.
Test Meter.
The test meter provides an indication when the recorded test signals are of
sufficient strength, indicating successful test signal recording.
Test Switch.
The test switch provides the means to activate the test signals.

VOICE RECORDER CONTROL PANEL


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12.1.2. Underwater Locating Beacon.


Purpose.
The underwater locating beacon (ULB) is an ultrasonic beacon. It makes a
watersubmerged recorder easier to find.
Operation.
The ULB activates when it is submerged in water.
It will operate to maximum depth of 20,000 feet.
It has a maximum detection range of approximately 10,000 feet. Its operating
life is 30 days.
The ULB transmits an acoustic pulse of 37.5 kHz at a rate of one-pulsepersecond.
ULB Battery Replacement.
Depending on the shelf life of the ULB battery used, the battery must
periodically be replace.
A replacement date label is on the body of the ULB to show ULB replacement
date, or ULB battery replacement date, depending upon ULB model.
Periodically, maintenance personnel will replace either the battery,
or the whole ULB, depending upon ULB model number.

ULB Maintenance.
ULB model DK100 maintenance.
The DK100 ULB uses a lithium battery. It has an operating life
(not activated) of six years.
No battery maintenance is required. Keep the water switch contacts
clean.
CAUTION : DO NOT DISASSEMBLE THE ULB.
WARNING : NO BATTERY MAINTENANCE IS REQUIRED FOR THE DR100 ULB.
DO NOT REMOVE BATTERY AT ANY TIME.
AVOID CRUSHING OR PENERTRATING ULB CASE.
DO NOT DISPOSE OF ULB.
AT OR NEAR EXPIRATION DAT PRINTED ON CASE, RETURN ULB
TO MANUFACTURER FOR SERVICE.
FAILURE TO OBSERVE THESE PRECAUTIONS COULD RESULT IN
RELEASE OF HAZARDOUS CHEMICALS.

Acoustic Beacon Model DK100 (DUKANE CORPORATION) requires no battery


maintenance.
At or near the experation date printed on the case it is replaced and sent to
the manufacture for service.
Acoustic Beacon Model N15F2108 (DUKANE CORPORATION) requires periodic
replacement of its battery by the date on the replacement date label.
Always re-install the new ULB on the recorder so that the replacement date
label is readable from the front of the recorder.

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UNDERWATER LOCATING BEACON


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13. ELT - INTRODUCTION


13.1. Purpose
The emergency locator transmitter (ELT) system automatically sends emergency
signals when it senses a large change in the airplane velocity.
The ELT sends homing signals to search and rescue crews on the VHF and UHF
emergency channels (121.5 MHz and 243.0 MHz).
The ELT also sends emergency signals to satellite receivers. The satellite
receivers send this information to ground stations to calculate the location
of the distress signals. This signal also position coordinates and airplane
identification data.

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SYSTEM INTRODUCTION
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13.2. General Description


The emergency locator transmitter (ELT) system has these components:
- Control panel
- ELT transmitter - Antenna.
The control panel is used to manually start the ELT transmitter or to do a test
of the ELT. It also has a light to tell you that the ELT transmitter is in operation.
An EICAS level C message also notifies the crew when the ELT transmitter is
on.
The ELT transmitter has two transmitter sections. One transmitter sends a
swept tone on the VHF and UHF emergency channels (121.5/243.0 MHz).
The other transmitter sends digital data every 50 seconds on the 406 MHz
channel.
The antenna sends 121.5/243.0 MHz and 406 MHz transmit signals.

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GENERAL DESCRIPTION
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